Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2907
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May Stephen A - - 2009
Medical, percutaneous, and surgical therapies for coronary atherosclerotic disease are developing rapidly, with many recent breakthroughs in metabolic control, improvements in catheter and stent engineering, and advances in surgical technique. Treatment guidelines are still in their infancy and do not take into account several of these recent innovations. Consequently, determining ...
Twine Christopher P CP General and Vascular Surgery, Royal Gwent Hospital, Cardiff Road, Newport, UK, NP20 2UB. - - 2009
Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common, important manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. Stenoses or occlusions in the superficial femoral artery may result in intermittent claudication as an early consequence, which may be treated by balloon angioplasty with or without stenting. The objective was to determine the effect of ...
Weiss Sabine - - 2009
Coronary heart disease has become the most common source for death in western industrial countries. Since 1986, a metal vessel scaffold (stent) is inserted to prevent the vessel wall from collapsing [Puel, J., Joffre, F., Rousseau, H., Guermonprez, B., Lancelin, B., Valeix, B., Imbert, G., Bounhoure, J.P, 1987. Endo-prothéses coronariennes ...
Mortier Peter - - 2009
Stent implantation has become a widely accepted endovascular intervention for the treatment of stenosed arteries. This minimally invasive technique has shown excellent results in unbranched arteries. However, stenting bifurcation lesions remains a challenge in coronary intervention as it is associated with a lower success rate. Many different techniques have been ...
Lv Xianli - - 2008
Summary: The study assessed the effectiveness and safety of endovascular covered stents in the management of intracranial pseudoaneurysms, fusiform aneurysms and direct carotid-cavernous fistulas. Fourteen endovascular covered stents were used to repair three pseudoaneurysms, six fusiform aneurysms and six direct carotid-cavernous fistulas. Aneurysms were in the carotid artery in seven ...
Leonardi M - - 2008
Summary: The treatment of giant, large, multiple or wide-necked carotid siphon aneurysms has always represented a challenge for neurosurgeons and neuroradiologists. Very recently the use of stents with tiny holes has been proposed by two companies: Balt Silk Stent in Europe and Pipeline in America. We have used the Silk ...
Kolkman Jeroen-J - - 2008
Splanchnic or gastrointestinal ischemia is rare and randomized studies are absent. This review focuses on new developments in clinical presentation, diagnostic approaches, and treatments. Splanchnic ischemia can be caused by occlusions of arteries or veins and by physiological vasoconstriction during low-flow states. The prevalence of significant splanchnic arterial stenoses is ...
Capelli Claudio - - 2009
Restenosis is a re-narrowing or blockage of an artery at the same site where treatment, such as a balloon angioplasty or stent procedure, has already taken place. Several clinical trials have shown a significant reduction in the restenosis rates with endovascular stenting. The purpose of stenting is to maintain the ...
Manola Sime - - 2010
Coronary stent fracture is a relatively rare but potentially serious complication of coronary artery stenting. It has been recognised as a cause of in-stent restenosis as well as acute stent thrombosis. Most fractures occur in stents after aggressive post-dilatation, stents implanted in tortuous and calcified lesions, and after cardiac trauma ...
Leung J W - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:There is a paucity of in vitro methods for evaluating ERCP accessories. We hypothesize that the time taken to perform a simulated single stent or multiple stents placement is different for stenting systems with or without the capability of intraductal ductal release (IDR) of the guide wire. ...
Yoon Won-Ki - - 2008
The authors report on a case of intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS)-guided stent angioplasty for iatrogenic extracranial vertebral artery (VA) dissection in a 49-year-old man after coil embolization for an unruptured aneurysm of the right posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Insignificant dissections occurred during the procedure. Postoperatively, the patient experienced gradually worsening posterior ...
De Wolf Axel - - 2008
We report on a 65-year-old patient who underwent a semi-urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for a very late stent subthrombosis (13 months) in a paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) while still on dual antiplatelet therapy.The procedure was complicated by a retrograde embolization into the circumflex artery (CFX). We will focus on the ...
Beard Jonathan D - - 2008
This review considers the roles of endovascular and open surgery for critical lower limb ischemia. The TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus document offers sensible guidelines for the treatment of both suprainguinal and infrainguinal disease. For bilateral/diffuse suprainguinal disease, aortobifemoral bypass remains the best option, but great care should be taken in this ...
Schillinger M - - 2008
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has emerged as a promising minimal invasive treatment alternative to carotid arterectomy for patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Complication rates of CAS continuously decreased during recent years. Operator experience and technical improvements equally contributed to the improved safety of the procedure. Today, devices ...
Robertson Scott W - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of swallowing and side-to-side head turning on stents in the internal carotid artery. METHODS: Seven patients (4 men; mean age 76.9 years) who underwent carotid artery stenting for the treatment of atherosclerotic cervical carotid artery disease were examined with cine fluoroscopy. Geometric processing techniques were ...
Kotelis Drosos - - 2008
This report aims to describe an effective endovascular technique to repair a stent graft collapse in the distal aortic arch. We report a case of a stent graft collapse after off-label endovascular treatment of a traumatic aortic transection using a Gore TAG endoprosthesis (oversizing 12%). The collapse was treated by ...
de Borst Gert J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate if there are any differences in duplex ultrasound velocity measurements between native and stented carotid arteries using duplex ultrasound in an animal model. METHODS: The common carotid artery of 5 pigs was exposed bilaterally (10 arteries). Diameters and velocities were measured by ultrasound in the proximal, mid, ...
Timmins Lucas H - - 2008
To examine the solid mechanical effects of varying stent design and atherosclerotic plaque stiffness on the biomechanical environment induced in a diseased artery wall model. Computational modeling techniques were employed to investigate the final radius of the lumen and artery wall stresses after stent implantation. Two stent designs were studied ...
Seifert T - - 2009
About half of all transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) or strokes in the posterior circulation are caused by the arterial stenosis. The purposes of this study were to determine the safety of stent-assisted percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (stent-PTA) and its efficacy for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with symptomatic artery ...
Yazdani Saami K - - 2009
PURPOSE: To develop an in vitro system capable of rapidly evaluating how specific stent structures may stimulate smooth muscle cell proliferation in living isolated porcine carotid arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A vascular bioreactor system was developed that housed a native porcine carotid artery under physiologic pulsatile flow and pressure conditions. ...
Stone James R - - 2009
PURPOSE: Endovascular stent-grafts are increasingly being used for treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms. Postprocedural complications include development of endoleaks. Recently, an embolic agent known as Onyx has been employed to treat type II endoleaks. Onyx is a biocompatible copolymer dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Although DMSO is known ...
Juszkat Robert - - 2009
The present report describes a case of type III endoleak from a tear in the fabric of a Zenith bifurcated stent-graft approximately 6 months after implantation. The reason of the fabric tear was unknown. The complication was successfully treated by aortouniiliac stent-graft implantation followed by creation of a femorofemoral bypass.
Christman Matthew S - - 2009
PURPOSE: Extrinsic ureteral obstruction can be a challenging entity for the urologist since half of the ureteral stents placed for malignant obstruction fail. We evaluated the resistance to radial compression of various stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Silhouette(R) 4.6Fr, 6Fr and 8Fr, Sof-Curl Tecoflex 6Fr, Resonance 6Fr, Polaris Ultra 6Fr and ...
Hara Masahiko - - 2008
We report two cases of heavily calcified infrarenal aortic stenosis that were successfully treated by intravascular ultrasound- (IVUS)-guided stenting. Two middle-aged women visited our hospital due to intermittent claudication. Diagnostic arteriography revealed possible infrarenal aortic stenosis even though the findings were equivocal. IVUS demonstrated heavily calcified atherosclerotic lesions and allowed ...
Fujita Wakako - - 2009
Acute aortic dissection frequently causes life-threatening organ ischemia. The optimal therapy for acute type-B aortic dissection is still controversial. Early surgery for acute dissections with organ malperfusion is known to carry a high morbidity and mortality. Endovascular treatment, such as stent placement for branch stenosis, percutaneous balloon fenestration for compression ...
Okahara Mika - - 2008
Summary: Carotid stenting (CAS) for carotid stenosis has developed rapidly over the last decade. Instent low density area supposed plaque protrusion or thrombus is sometimes observed on CT angiography after CAS. We evaluate the frequency and time course of the small in-stent low density after carotid artery stenting and discuss ...
Takano Masamichi - - 2009
A polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent is specially used to treat coronary perforation complicating percutaneous intervention in order to prevent the aneurysm from rupturing, but until now it has not been known if endothelialization occurs inside this type of stent. A patient with a giant aneurysm of the right coronary artery underwent ...
Choi Gilwoo - - 2009
The knowledge of dynamic changes in the vascular system has become increasingly important in ensuring the safety and efficacy of endovascular devices. We developed new methods for quantifying in vivo three-dimensional (3D) arterial deformation due to pulsatile and nonpulsatile forces. A two-dimensional threshold segmentation technique combined with a level set ...
Uchida Naomichi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the fate of the false lumen remaining in the descending thoracic aorta after extensive primary repair of the thoracic aorta by the modified elephant trunk technique with a stent graft for acute type A aortic dissection, particularly the changes of the false lumen on enhanced CT scanning. ...
Edgell Randall C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vertebral artery origin stenosis is a known cause of stroke that is treatable with angioplasty and stenting. Previous studies have demonstrated that this technique is safe but is limited by high rates of in-stent stenosis. Anti-proliferative drug-eluting stents are an alternative for reducing in-stent stenosis at the vertebral artery ...
Castriota Fausto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 69-year-old male patient with severe asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis was treated percutaneously with implant of two self-expandable stents in the right carotid overlapped to each other by 5 mm. The 15-month follow-up colour-Doppler ultrasound (CDU) revealed a severe stenosis in the target vessel and an image suggesting migration ...
Varbella Ferdinando - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The treatment of complex long lesions of proximal left anterior descending artery involving the origin of diagonal branch is controversial. The aim of the present study is the evaluation of safety and clinical results of percutaneous coronary angioplasty with drug-eluting stents. METHODS: Since June 2002, we instituted a prospective ...
Le Vu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The usage of tapered self-expanding stents and embolic protection devices in the treatment of stenotic ectatic coronary arteries. BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is an uncommon disease that is occasionally found during cardiac catheterization. A high incidence of artherosclerotic disease is associated with CAE. Currently, there is no evidence-based ...
Cinà C S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to report the feasibility and technique of treating popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) with a stent made of nitinol rings externally supported by thin polyester (Anaconda limbs). BACKGROUND: PAA are the most common peripheral aneurysms. The main limitations of stents used in these settings are: short lengths, ...
Mortier Peter - - 2008
AIMS: The size of stent cells is an important design parameter influencing the resulting wall coverage and strut positioning of several bifurcation stenting techniques. Therefore, we report accurate geometrical information on stent cell size of five different stents with the key purpose to assist with stent selection for bifurcation lesions. ...
Laube Norbert - - 2008
PURPOSE: Usually, hampered urine flow and failing of Seldinger technique leads to the explanation "obstructed ureteral stent" with no further clarification where exactly the obstructions are located. If stent obstruction is caused by intra-luminal biofilm and/or crystal deposits, the need of biofilm reducing coatings on the stent's inside has to ...
Singer Gregory M - - 2008
Distal embolic protection (DEP) may prevent embolization of atherosclerotic debris during renal artery stenting. The authors retrospectively identified 48 hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who underwent renal artery stenting between 2002 and 2005 and compared stenting alone (n=17) to stenting/DEP (n=31). Blood pressure (BP) and estimated glomerular filtration ...
Riga Celia V - - 2009
To determine the technical feasibility of a novel approach of in-situ fenestration of aortic stent grafts by using a remotely controlled robotic steerable catheter system in the porcine model. A 65-kg pig underwent robot-assisted bilateral antegrade in-situ renal fenestration of an abdominal aortic stent graft with subsequent successful deployment of ...
Tyagi Sanjay - - 2008
PURPOSE: Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare form of inflammatory arteriopathy affecting the aorta and its major branches. Obstructive lesions of all arch vessels may lead to disabling neurologic symptoms. There is limited experience with endovascular revascularization in this situation. The present report describes immediate and follow-up results with stent-supported ...
Fujisawa Y - - 2009
The authors present a case report of a 79-year-old man with insufficient cardiac contractile function who underwent endovascular stent-grafting for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Thirty months later, the aneurysm ruptured into the inferior vena cava and subsequently formed an aortocaval fistula caused by migration of the stent-graft. Urgent secondary endovascular ...
Suri M Fareed K - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial stenosis is one of the most common disease entities encountered by neurointerventionists. The physical and hemodynamic properties of the lesion are determined by the experience of the clinician. Computerized analysis may provide more accurate values of these parameters which can be used during the procedure for improving patient ...
Kaneko Kazuyoshi - - 2009
A 78-year-old man who had been treated with maintenance hemodialysis for chronic renal failure was admitted with severe edema in left arm for 1 month. Venous angiography showed a severe stenosis in left innominate vein, then, he underwent percutaneous balloon angioplasty and venous stenting (Wall Stent RP). His arm edema ...
Adel Joseph G - - 2009
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has evolved as a minimally invasive alternative to carotid endarterectomy, particularly among patients with prior neck surgery or external beam radiation for malignancy. Restenosis after CAS remains low yet is typically due to neointimal hyperplasia and manifests within the first 2 years after stent placement. We ...
Timmins Lucas H - - 2008
The biomechanical interaction of stents and the arteries into which they are deployed is a potentially important consideration for long-term success. Adverse arterial reactions to excessive stress and the resulting damage have been linked to the development of restenosis. Complex geometric features often encountered in these procedures can confound treatment. ...
Ferenc Miroslaw - - 2008
AIMS: We investigated whether routine T-stenting reduces restenosis of the side branch as compared with provisional T-stenting in patients with de novo coronary bifurcation lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our randomized study assigned 101 patients with a coronary bifurcation lesion to routine T-stenting with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in both branches and ...
Michaluk Brian T - - 2009
Evolution of endoluminal technologies, enhanced stent designs, and smaller delivery systems have increased the potential for using covered stents to treat the spectrum of traumatic arterial injuries. Improved stent-graft flexibility, reduced fracture potential, and a greater variety of lengths and diameters have increased the versatility for use in axillary and ...
Molony David S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare the function of 2 stent-graft designs for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics was used to investigate the performance of a conventional stent-graft versus one with a novel tapered configuration (equal area ratios at the inlet and bifurcation). Idealized geometries (uniplanar) were formed first ...
Kawasaki Ryota - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively assess the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment for branch stenosis or obstruction after branched graft replacement in patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm or aortic arch aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients (all men; median age, 62 years; age range, 19-79 ...
Dudina A L - - 2008
We describe the case of an 18 year old lady who presented with chest pain, breathlessness and hypertension. The initial diagnosis of renal artery stenosis, while correct, was incomplete. The finding of a reduced right radial pulse suggested the possibility of a large vessel vasculitis. She was also found to ...
Ahmar Walid - - 2008
We report a case of successful transradial retrieval of a dislodged and mechanically distorted coronary artery stent from the left main stem in an elderly male. Transradial percutaneous coronary intervention was undertaken to reconstruct a lesion in the left circumflex artery complicated by stent dislodgement. A microsnare was used to ...
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