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Abe Arata A Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Neurology, Nippon Medical School; Tokyo, Japan - - - 2014
Few reports have described the successful treatment of stroke caused by acute vertebral artery (VA) origin occlusion by endovascular surgery. We describe the case of a 68-year-old man who experienced stroke due to left acute VA origin occlusion. Cerebral angiography showed that the left VA was occluded at its origin, ...
Gutierrez Jose J Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is hypothesized that outward remodeling in systemic arteries is a compensatory mechanism for lumen area preservation in the face of increasing arterial stenosis. Large brain arteries have also been studied, but it remains unproven if all assumptions about arterial remodeling can be replicated in the cerebral circulation. The sample ...
Kimball David D Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada, West - - 2014
We present a rare case of a variant middle meningeal artery (MMA) originating from the ophthalmic artery. During cadaveric dissection of the cranial base of an adult female, it was noted that the foramen spinosum was absent unilaterally. After identifying the MMA, its origin was traced back to the ophthalmic ...
Ajayi N O NO Department of Clinical Anatomy, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban, 4000, South - - 2014
Coronary artery anomalies are traditionally classified into anomalies of origin, course and termination. One of the anomalies of origin is absence of the left main coronary artery (LMCA), where the left anterior descending (LAD), the circumflex (Cx) and the ramus medianus (RM) (when present) arteries originate directly from the left ...
Yamada Shigeki S Department of Neurosurgery & Stroke Center, Rakuwakai Otowa Hospital, Otowachinji-cho 2, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8602, Japan; Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, 25 Shogen-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka 430-8525, Japan; Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies/Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and intramural location and size of calcification at the ICA origins and the origins of the cervical arteries proximal to the ICA. A total of 1139 ICAs were evaluated stenosis and calcification on the ...
Ceulemans Laurens J LJ Department of Abdominal Transplant Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Leuven, Herestraat 49, B-3000, Leuven, - - 2014
With this Letter we would like to draw attention to the importance of complete identification of both renal arteries (RA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) during a procurement procedure. Usually the RAs originate from the aorta below the level of the SMA. However, when a polar or hilar RA originates ...
Cvetko E - - 2014
Bilateral ophthalmic origin of the middle meningeal artery with an unilateral absence of foramen spinosum has not yet been described. We report on a skull with endocranial meningeal grooves indicating bilateral ophthalmic origin of the middle meningeal artery, however, its branches were normal both in their position and distribution. In ...
Schulter Günter G 0000-0002-4581-8143 Department of Psychology, Biological Psychology Unit, Karl-Franzens-University, Universitätsplatz 2/III, 8010 Graz, - - 2014
Recent studies demonstrated pigmented cells both in the murine heart, in pulmonary veins, and in brain arteries. Moreover, a role for melanocytes in the downregulation of inflammatory processes was suggested. As there is increasing evidence that inflammation is contributing significantly to the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms, melanocyte-like cells may be ...
Jujjavarapu Krishnam Raju - - 2013
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare but potentially lethal congenital anomaly, especially if presented later in adulthood. We report a previously healthy young man who had a sudden cardiac arrest at a Zumba class, was resuscitated, and was successfully treated with off-pump ...
Plas B - - 2013
The origin of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) may vary although it can arise from the ophthalmic artery (OA) with a 0.5% prevalence. We report the exceptional bilateral asymmetric origin from the OAs that has not previously been reported in the literature. Surgeons should be aware of this variation as ...
Chantalat E - - 2013
To clarify the origin of the uterine artery and quantify its anatomical variants. We carried out a study based on dissections, intraoperative findings and retrospective analysis of arteriograms. Thirty female cadavers were dissected and bilaterally observed, with a total of 60 origins visualised. Fifty laparotomies were carried out during the ...
Bradley Declan T - - 2013
-Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common cardiovascular disease among older people and demonstrates significant heritability. In contrast to similar complex diseases, relatively few genetic associations with AAA have been confirmed. We reanalysed our genome-wide study and carried through to replication suggestive discovery associations at a lower level of significance. ...
Jie Bing - - 2013
There are numerous anatomical variations of the sites of origin of the bronchial arteries (BAs). A subclavian origin of a BA involves an aberrant artery that originates from the subclavian artery (SCA) or its branches. However, the aberrant artery usually originates directly from the SCA, and an SCA-origin BA arising ...
Ishikawa Noboru N Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Showa University, Tokyo, - - 2013
Kommerell's diverticulum causes compression of the esophagus between the aberrant origin of the left subclavian artery and ascending aorta, leading to dysphagia or dyspnea. We describe 3 cases of successful surgical treatment of right aortic arch with Kommerell's diverticulum and aberrant origin of the left subclavian artery, using a right ...
McMaster Kelly S - - 2013
The origins of the branches of the subclavian artery are known to be variable. We present the case of a 55-year-old man whose coronary artery bypass surgery necessitated the use of the internal thoracic artery as he lacked other suitable venous conduits. The left internal thoracic artery appeared to be ...
Talwar Sachin S Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
An 8-month-old boy with aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery, ventricular septal defect, and anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery, underwent uneventful single-stage surgical correction. The rarity and technical aspects of managing this condition are discussed.
N'da H A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: If ophthalmic artery's (OphA) origin anomalies are frequent, the superolateral origin of the OphA was rarely described. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: During an aneurysmal surgery, a superolateral origin of the left OphA was found. This variation was associated with a sylvian aneurysm. The anatomical, embryological features, the neurosurgical implications ...
Torigoe Tsukasa - - 2013
This is the first report of a coronary artery with an anomalous origin from the proper sinus resulting in ischemic events in a child. Transthoracic echocardiogram, computed tomogram, and coronary angiogram revealed that, although the left main coronary trunk originated from the left sinus, its ostium was displaced horizontally and ...
Matsubara Noriaki - - 2013
There are few reports describing stroke due to the acute occlusion of the vertebral artery (VA) origin successfully treated by endovascularily. The authors report a case of 78-year-old man suffering from stroke owing to acute VA origin occlusion associated with contralateral hypoplastic VA leading to basilar artery (BA) thrombosis. Cerebral ...
Natsis Konstantinos - - 2013
Bronchial arteries : arise normally directly from the descending thoracic aorta, at the level between the fourth and sixth thoracic vertebra. However the anatomical variations are very frequent regarding the origin or the number of branches. We present a rare cadaveric finding of an ectopic right bronchial artery originating from ...
Matusz Petru - - 2012
We describe in this paper a rare case of a 45-year-old male with a common stem origin of the left gastric artery (LGA), right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA), and left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA), in association with the presence of a hepatosplenomesenteric trunk (HSMT) arising from the abdominal aorta (AA), ...
Marins Leandro - - 2012
We report the findings at autopsy for an infant with respiratory distress and hypoplastic left lung. The left pulmonary artery, in its entirety, took origin extrapericardially from the right pulmonary artery in the absence of tracheobronchial encirclement. We speculate that it was abnormal course of the left pulmonary artery that ...
Miclaus Gratian D - - 2012
We describe in this article a rare case of a 39-year-old male with an inferior phrenic arteries trunk (IPAaT) originating from a common stem with a superior additional left renal artery (SAdLRA) from the abdominal aorta as revealed by routine multidetector computed tomography angiography. The IPAaT with an endoluminal diameter ...
Dumont Travis M - - 2012
Endovascular treatment of vertebral artery (VA) origin stenosis typically requires placement of the proximal end of the stent within the lumen of the subclavian artery or aorta to provide complete coverage of the ostial lesion. This configuration may complicate subsequent endovascular access into the stented VA. We describe a technique ...
Simionescu Dan T - - 2012
Tissue engineering the aortic heart valve is a challenging endeavor because of the particular hemodynamic and biologic conditions present in the native aortic heart valve. The backbone of an ideal valve substitute should be a scaffold that is strong enough to withstand billions of repetitive bending, flexing and stretching cycles, ...
Pitoulias Georgios A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the possible predictive value of simple renal cysts (SRCs), abdominal wall hernia (AWH), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for the presence of abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms (AAA). METHODS: Between January 2006 and January 2011, we treated 170 consecutive patients with aortoiliac pathology. Patients' ...
Kuppler Christopher S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Doppler-derived velocity criteria used to define the presence and severity of in-stent restenosis after percutaneous angioplasty and endoluminal stenting have been called into question. This study uses an in vitro flow model to examine Doppler-derived velocities after placement of balloon-expandable and self-expanding endoluminal stents (BES and SES). METHODS: An in vitro vascular ...
Mata João R - - 2012
The external carotid artery originates branches to face structures. The superior thyroid, lingual and facial arteries are originated from this vessel as artery trunks or separately. The aim of this study was to determinate the arrangement frequency of these artery branches. For this, thirty six (36) hemi-heads of adult cadavers ...
Mizoguchi Hiroki - - 2012
Subclavian artery aneurysms are comparatively rare in peripheral aneurysms. We experienced a case of intrathoracic aneurysm originating from the proximal part of the right subclavian artery. A 78 year-old man was referred to our hospital with the diagnosis of a right subclavian artery aneurysm. Enhanced computed tomography demonstrated an intrathoracic ...
van Schie M C - - 2011
It is well established that high plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels are associated with an increased risk of arterial thrombosis, including myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. As plasma VWF levels are, to a large extent, genetically determined, numerous association studies have been performed to assess the effect of genetic ...
Liu Jianhua - - 2011
We report a case of syphilitic aortitis complicated by multiple aortic aneurysms in a 50-year-old man with elevated rapid plasma reagin titer of 1:128 and positive Treponema pallidum particle agglutination test. 256-slice MDCT depicted two saccular aneurysms in the descending thoracic aorta with a markedly thick mural thrombus causing the ...
Andresen Max - - 2011
This study was intended to investigate changes in cardiac biomarkers and pulmonary hemodynamic effects of invasive treatment in patients with intermediate-risk (hemodynamic stability with evidence of right ventricle dysfunction and/or myocardial injury) pulmonary embolism. Also, to also evaluate if natriuretic peptide type-B (NT-proBNP) plasma levels are associated with right ventricle ...
Parietti Eric E Department of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, CHU Besançon, EA 3920, IFR 133, University of Franche-Comté, Besancon, - - 2011
Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are a specialized subset of stem/progenitor cells found in bone marrow. They participate in neo-vascularization of injured vessels and predict cardiovascular outcome in patient at risk. Several factors influence their migration and proliferation, among which is the widely studied stromal-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α). In cardiovascular disease, ...
Kleinbongard Petra - - 2011
Implantation of bare metal stents (BMS) induces the release not only of particulate debris, but also of soluble vasoconstrictors which contribute to microvascular impairment. So this study aimed at addressing the potential attenuation of such vasoconstriction using paclitaxel eluting stents (PES). Using a distal protection/aspiration device, coronary arterial blood was ...
Kim Kang-Il - - 2011
This prospective study was performed on 311 consecutive knees in 227 patients for total knee arthroplasty. The aim was to assess the recent incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty without chemoprophylaxis in Koreans, the efficacy of plasma d-dimer levels as a screening test, and the associated ...
Antoniou G A - - 2011
There is evidence supporting the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) in aortic and abdominal wall connective tissue degeneration, resulting in aneurysm and hernia formation. Furthermore, clinical association studies have demonstrated increased prevalence of abdominal wall hernias in patients with aortic aneurysms. Our objective was to estimate ...
Ferreira-Sae Maria C S - - 2011
The mechanisms by which dietary sodium modulates cardiovascular risk are not fully understood. This study investigated whether sodium intake is related to carotid structure and hemodynamics and to plasma matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in hypertensive adults. One hundred thirty-four participants were cross-sectionally evaluated by clinical history, anthropometry, carotid ultrasound, and ...
Wang Yun - - 2011
Osteopontin (OPN) has emerged as a key factor in inflammatory activation and cardiovascular remodelling. The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of OPN in fluoxetine amelioration of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary inflammation and vascular remodelling in rats. Wistar rats were divided into control, MCT and two fluoxetine-treated ...
Dake Michael D - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety of the Zilver PTX Drug-Eluting Stent (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Indiana) in a normal porcine artery model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pharmacokinetic analyses were performed using 18 pigs, each implanted with four paclitaxel-coated stents. Paclitaxel remaining on the stents, delivered locally (to artery wall), regionally ...
Shao Dongmin - - 2011
The term pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) describes a rare group of diseases characterized by raised pulmonary vascular resistance, resulting from vascular remodelling in the pre-capillary resistance arterioles (<100mM). Left untreated, patients die from right heart failure, with a mortality approaching most serious cancers. Endothelin-1(ET-1) is not only a potent vasoconstrictor, ...
Puri Tanuj - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: (i) To validate two new image-based methods for finding the plasma arterial input function (AIF) and evaluate the performance of these and two similar techniques against arterial sampling. (ii) To evaluate the performance of all four image-derived AIF (IDAIF) methods against arterial sampling for measuring the F plasma clearance ...
Xu Yong - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The pathophysiology of cerebral aneurysms (CA) is linked to chronic inflammation.Endothelial damage is one of the first changes in CA walls resulted from inflammation.It has been shown that increase in plasma homocysteine (Hcy) impairs vascular endothelium and correlates with the development of atherosclerosis.However,the effect of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) ...
Jeong Seul-Ki - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an association between plasma concentration of total homocysteine (tHcy) and pulsatility indexes (PIs) of cerebral arteries in patients with lacunar infarction (LI), comparing control subjects. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred to a neurovascular ultrasound laboratory were evaluated from March 2007 to February 2008. LI was determined by high ...
Machlus Kellie R - - 2011
Epidemiologic studies have correlated elevated plasma fibrinogen (hyperfibrinogenemia) with risk of cardiovascular disease and arterial and venous thrombosis. However, it is unknown whether hyperfibrinogenemia is merely a biomarker of the proinflammatory disease state or is a causative mechanism in the etiology. We raised plasma fibrinogen levels in mice via intravenous ...
Wang Liangrong - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Tourniquet has been considered as a recognized cause of lower limb ischemia-reperfusion injury in the orthopedic field. This study investigates pulmonary function after tourniquet deflation and the protective effect of Shenmai injection (SMI), a traditional Chinese medicine. METHODS:: Twenty-eight patients undergoing lower extremity surgery were randomized into a control ...
Shen Lan - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by increasing pulmonary pressure, right ventricular failure, and death. The typical pathological changes include medial hypertrophy, intimal fibrosis and in situ thrombosis. Serotonin (5-HT) and other factors contribute to the development of pathologic lesions. Aspirin (ASA), a platelet aggregation inhibitor, inhibits 5-HT release from ...
Kals Jaak - - 2011
Abstract Arterial stiffness is a prominent feature of vascular ageing and strongly predicts cardiovascular and total mortality. The β2-microglobulin, (β2M) a newly identified biomarker of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), is related to renal insufficiency, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, but may also play a role in vascular dysfunction. However, the relationship ...
Freitas Wladimir M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To verify the existence of association between plasma levels of pro- or anti-inflammatory mediators and atherosclerotic burden at coronary and carotid arteries in individuals aged of 80 or more years old. METHODS: Healthy individuals aged between 80 and 102 years old (n=178) underwent evaluation of plasma cytokines and acute ...
Kim Suk Jae - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid artery stenosis is an important etiologic factor of stroke related to coronary artery bypass surgery. We evaluated clinical and laboratory factors to identify biomarkers for pre-existing carotid artery stenosis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Between June 2006 and September 2008, 811 patients aged ...
Mitsutake Ryoko - - 2011
Multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) enables the accurate noninvasive assessment of coronary artery stenosis and plaque imaging. The characteristics of patients who have coronary artery disease (CAD) as assessed by MDCT coronary computed tomography (CT) are not well known. Participants consisted of 513 consecutive patients with suspected CAD who underwent ...
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