Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1009
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Khurana Vini G - - 2004
OBJECT: Anecdotal evidence exists for at least two subpopulations of intracranial saccular aneurysms; those that form rapidly and rupture when small and those that enlarge slowly and are particularly prone to rupture when they are 10 mm or more in diameter. The goal in this study was to determine if ...
Ecker Robert D - - 2004
Since the publication of the retrospective part of the International Study of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms (ISUIA) in 1998, there has been a significant focus in the neurosurgical literature on the natural history of these lesions. The prospective data from the second part of the ISUIA, which was published in 2003, ...
da Costa Leodante B - - 2004
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) carries a grim prognosis, with high mortality and morbidity rates. The mortality rate in the first 30 days postrupture is estimated to be in the range of 40 to 50%, and almost half of the survivors will be left with a neurological deficit. Unlike patients with ...
Zipfel Gregory J - - 2004
Over the past decade, several factors have led to a dramatic change in the manner in which patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms are diagnosed and treated. These factors include the increased use of noninvasive imaging modalities for the diagnosis of intracranial aneurysms, publication of new natural history data detailing the ...
Mocco J - - 2004
Since the publication of preliminary results from the International Study of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms in 1998 there has been a great deal of debate concerning the natural history of these lesions and their attendant risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Therefore, the authors reviewed a selected number of crucial studies concerning ...
Talke Pekka - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature on intracranial vascular surgery, to summarize the main findings, and to discuss the impact of these findings on clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Three areas of vascular neurosurgery literature have recently generated significant interest, controversy and heated debate: (1) The International Study of ...
Blasco Jordi - - 2004
This report describes a giant intracavernous carotid aneurysm successfully treated by the placement of a single covered stent. A 40-year-old woman was admitted with a progressive diplopia in relation with palsy of the IV and VI cranial nerves. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intracavernous giant aneurysm located at the bifurcation ...
Ooba Hiroshi - - 2004
A 53-year-old woman was admitted with severe subarachnoid hemorrhage due to rupture of an aneurysm associated with atypical intracranial fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). Angiography demonstrated the aneurysm and very irregular form of the left internal carotid artery (ICA), the right ICA, and right proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA). Other arteries showed ...
Levy Elad - - 2004
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: To describe successful endoluminal revascularization of an acute M1 occlusion 4 days after craniotomy and tumor resection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 16-year-old right-handed girl presented with a 1-month history of daily headaches. The neurological examination was normal. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography demonstrated a mass consistent with ...
Schlosser Hans-Georg - - 2004
Although intracranial hemorrhage has frequently been found responsible for mortality in adult patients with Alagille syndrome (AGS), no specific underlying cause has been identified. We describe the case of severe subarachnoid hemorrhage in a 30-year-old woman harboring five intracranial aneurysms and multiple peripheral vascular anomalies. To evaluate a possible higher ...
Tamhankar Madhura A - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report two infants with acquired, isolated third nerve palsies attributable to intracranial cerebrovascular malformations. DESIGN: Observational case report. METHODS: Two patients are described. Each was examined in a university-based pediatric ophthalmology and neuro-ophthalmology practice. RESULTS: An 8-month-old child presented with a pupil-involving partial left third nerve palsy because ...
Lubicz Boris - - 2004
A new, very compliant remodeling balloon microcatheter has been developed for the treatment of difficult wide-neck intracranial aneurysms (eg, arterial bifurcation or small artery aneurysms). We report selective embolization by the use of the remodeling technique with the HyperForm balloon in 16 consecutive patients with a wide-neck intracranial aneurysm located ...
Cohen-Gadol Aaron A - - 2004
The development of surgical techniques for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms has paralleled the evolution of the specialty of neurological surgery. During the Cushing era, intracranial aneurysms were considered inoperable and only ligation of the carotid artery was performed. Cushing understood the limitations of this approach and advised the need ...
Roos Y B W E M - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Familial occurrence of intracranial aneurysms suggests a genetic factor in the development of these aneurysms. In this study, we present the identification of a susceptibility locus for the development of intracranial aneurysms detected by a genome-wide linkage approach in a large consanguineous pedigree. METHODS: Patients with clinical ...
Kubo Satomi - - 2004
In patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), intracranial aneurysms (ICAs) are extrarenal manifestations and may result in serious and potentially fatal outcome following rupture. Although ICAs are a well-known complication of ADPKD, nearly all cases of ICA occurring in the context of ADPKD are adults. Here, we report ...
Karmonik Christof - - 2004
3D digital subtraction angiograms of two intracranial aneurysms were imported to a workstation for reconstruction and postprocessing into a format allowing delineation of 1) the extent to which the diameter of the parent artery is incorporated into the aneurysm ostium (percentage of parent artery involvement or neck angle) and 2) ...
Zhu Gang - - 2004
Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) is a rare intracranial vascular disease. It is pathologically characterized by direct shunting of the intracranial artery and vein, which results in cerebral ischemia, intracranial hemorrhage, neural deficit and intracranial murmur. The etiological mechanism of DAVF is not well known, but most researchers think it is ...
Wang Tao - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to explore whether the changes of plasma concentrations of endothelin (ET) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were possibly involved during desflurane anesthesia in patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm clipping. Forty-five consecutive patients scheduled for selective craniotomy and aneurysm clipping were anesthetized with desflurane in oxygen. ...
Krejza Jaroslaw - - 2004
Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS), in contrast to "blind" conventional transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD), enables a sonographer to outline the intracranial bony and parenchymal structures, visualize the basal cerebral arteries in color, and measure angle-corrected blood flow velocities in a specific site of the artery in question. This makes measurements ...
Javadpour M - - 2004
Two cases are reported in which an anterior communicating artery aneurysm was associated with an intracranial tumour. The tumour was a suprasellar meningioma in one case and an optic chiasm/hypothalamic astrocytoma in the other. In both cases, the aneurysm was successfully embolized using Guglielmi detachable coils. Subsequently craniotomy was performed ...
Subramaniam Rathan M - - 2004
A venographic cryptic stenosis at the junction of middle and lateral third of the transverse sinus has been observed in patients suffering from idiopathic intracranial hypertension. After reviewing the anatomical and embryological literature of the transverse sinus, 20 transverse sinuses were explored (in a pilot study of 10 human cadavers) ...
Kassam Amin B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that patients with intracranial cerebral aneurysms (IAs) harbor a molecular defect in the process responsible for maintaining arterial integrity (arterial homeostasis). In this study, we undertook a preliminary assessment of differential expression of key molecules involved with each phase of homeostasis: arterial flow modulation, arterial tear and ...
GruszczyƄska Katarzyna - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To analyze the co-occurrence of atherosclerotic lesions in CT angiograms of extra and intracranial arteries in patients with cerebral circulation insufficiency. MATERIAL/METHODS: Extra-and intracranial CTA was performed in 70 patients with symptoms of cerebral circulation insufficiency. Co-occurrence of atherosclerotic lesions at both levels and correlation between the degree of ...
Islam M S - - 2004
The surgical treatment of ruptured blister-like dissecting aneurysm on the internal carotid artery (ICA) is still controversial. We report a case of this disease successfully managed by a staged treatment: GDC packing into the blister-like aneurysm in the acute stage followed by proximal occlusion in the chronic stage. The merit ...
Costa Jr Leodante Batista da - - 2004
Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for 5 to 10 % of all strokes, with a worldwide incidence of 10.5 / 100000 person/year, varying in individual reports from 1.1 to 96 /100000 person/year. Angiographic and autopsy studies suggest that between 0.5% and 5% of the population have intracranial aneurysms. Approximately 30000 people ...
Miele Vincent J - - 2004
An intracranial aneurysm would be low on the differential diagnosis of a patient presenting with behavioral or emotional changes. Nonetheless, complex partial seizures (CPS) may cause such symptoms and result from an unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Failure to diagnose and treat this condition in a timely manner increases the patient's risk ...
Vicari Perla - - 2004
The association of intracranial aneurysms and sickle cell disease (SCD) has been described in the English-language literature. Treatment strategies have included angiography and craniotomy. However, with advancement of non-operative interventions, much controversy surrounds the treatment of these patients. Endovascular embolization has been used in many patients with cerebral aneurysms, but ...
Kassam Amin - - 2004
DESPITE THE CATASTROPHIC consequence of ruptured intracranial aneurysms, very little is understood regarding their pathogenesis, and there are no reliable predictive markers for identifying at-risk individuals. Given that intracranial aneurysms have a strong but complex genetic component and well-characterized modifiable risk factors, it seems likely that the most valuable approach ...
Gibbs Gordon F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8% of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients have intracranial aneurysms. The risk of growth and rupture of those discovered by presymptomatic screening is key to the feasibility and success of a screening program. This study was initiated to ascertain this risk. METHODS: ADPKD patients were offered screening ...
Koebbe Christopher J - - 2004
Moyamoya disease is infrequently associated with intracranial aneurysms arising from the circle of Willis vessels or from "peripheral" branches of choroidal and meningeal vessels. We present a rare case of a moyamoya-related aneurysm arising along the dural junction of multiple meningeal branches from the external carotid artery causing intracerebral hemorrhage. ...
Terada T T Department of Neurological Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama; - - 2004
PTA/stenting for the intracranial arteriosclerotic lesion is effective and novel treatment. Our standard technique to avoid serious complications, such as vessel rupture or acute occlusion was introduced in this paper.
Kim Y J YJ Department of Neurosurgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan; Korea - - - 2004
The incidence of multiple intracranial aneurysms has been reported from 5% to 35%. But over four multiple aneurysms are extremely rare. Sometimes it is very difficult to draw a clear line between ruptured ones and unruptured others especially in multiple aneurysm cases with even distribution of subarachnoid haemorrhage on basal ...
Kuba Robert - - 2004
This report involves a patient suffering from focal epilepsy caused by an unruptured, intracranial aneurysm (UIA), and her treatment using intravascular embolisation, with an excellent postoperative outcome in terms of the epilepsy. A 52 year-old, right-handed woman had been suffering for three years from focal seizures, characterized by loss of ...
Kamath Binita M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Alagille syndrome (AGS) is a dominantly inherited multisystem disorder involving the liver, heart, eyes, face, and skeleton, caused by mutations in Jagged1. Intracranial bleeding is a recognized complication and cause of mortality in AGS. There are multiple case reports of intracranial vessel abnormalities and other vascular anomalies in AGS. ...
Mitchell Patrick - - 2004
15 years ago, the treatment of incidentally discovered intracranial aneurysms was straightforward with a good evidence base behind it. When intracranial aneurysms were identified, people were referred to neurosurgeons who would offer surgical repair if the patient was in reasonable health and had a good life expectancy. Since that time, ...
Burry Matthew - - 2004
The authors describe a novel approach to the management of high-output heart failure secondary to an intracranial high-flow dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) by using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this represents the first report of an embolization performed in conjunction with the use of ...
Bhattacharya J J - - 2004
PHACE and PHACES are acronyms for a syndrome of variable expression comprising posterior cranial fossa malformations, facial haemangiomas, arterial anomalies, aortic coarctation and other cardiac disorders, ocular abnormalities and stenotic arterial disease. We review five girls and three boys aged 1 month-14 years with disorders from this spectrum. Six had ...
Grubb Robert L RL - - 2004
Extracranial-intracranial arterial bypass was frequently utilized in the 1970s and early 1980s to treat patients with atherosclerotic occlusive carotid arterial lesions not amenable to extracranial arterial revascularization procedures. After a large randomized trial reported in 1985 that there was no benefit of surgery in these patients, the procedure was generally ...
Lee Soo Joo - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the frequency of intracranial atherosclerosis among patients with steno-occlusive extracranial carotid artery disease and to determine if there are factors related to the combined intracranial atherosclerosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A tertiary referral hospital. Patients We studied 142 consecutive patients who had atherosclerotic steno-occlusive lesions (defined as ...
Nakamura Kazuhiro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The association of Graves' disease with multiple intracranial arterial stenoses is rare. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report on two Japanese women who experienced the concurrence of Graves' disease and cerebral ischemia attributable to multiple intracranial arterial stenoses around the circle of Willis. Clinically, these patients demonstrated hyperthyroidism, goiter, ...
Yuguang Liu - - 2003
Three cases of re-rupture of intracranial aneurysms during cerebral angiography (RIADCA) between June and September, 2001 are reported. All cases underwent emergency craniotomy and aneurysm clipping. The subarachnoid blood and the extravasating contrast medium were removed intraoperatively as completely as possible. There was no mortality in this series. The incidence, ...
Berroir Stéphane - - 2004
We report 2 patients who had clinical and neuroimaging signs of spontaneous intracranial hypotension and who developed cerebral sinus venous thrombosis. This sequence of events -- known after dural puncture but not in spontaneous intracranial hypotension -- was suggested by the change in the pattern of headache, from a postural ...
Terai Yoshinori - - 2003
Moyamoya disease is a progressive vascular disorder of unknown etiology. Theories of inflammatory and immunologic mechanisms have been proposed as the pathogeneses. We have designed a new method of administering N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine (MDP) for experimental induction of moyamoya disease using an intravascular interventional technique combined with rod-shaped embolic materials made from ...
Sena José C - - 2003
Intracranial aneurysms are frequently present with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Less often they produce suggestive symptoms of cranial nerve dysfunction or intracranial tumor when very large. Their association with epilepsy has rarely been reported; such concurrence may not be a coincidence. When the patient presents with epileptiforme attacks the presence of an ...
Schumacher H Christian - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerosis accounts for 8% to 10% of all ischemic strokes, and intracranial angioplasty is increasingly performed to treat stenotic lesions. We report an autopsy case and discuss the effects of intracranial angioplasty for atherosclerotic arteries. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 77-year-old patient died 9 days after angioplasty of the left ...
Kim Dong H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although the cause of cerebral aneurysms remains unclear, there is clear evidence that genetic predisposition plays a role. Ten percent of patients report an aneurysm in a first-degree family member. However, studies to date have largely involved Caucasian populations. Our goal was to characterize the familial aggregation of intracranial ...
Hughes Peter D V - - 2003
Screening patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) for asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms has been proposed as a method of reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with aneurysm rupture. However, recent studies have shown lower spontaneous rupture rates of small aneurysms and higher risks of significant complications with interventions than ...
Han Patrick P - - 2003
OBJECT: Intracranial stent placement combined with coil embolization is an emerging procedure for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. The authors report their results using intracranial stents for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed to identify all patients with intracranial aneurysms that were treated with ...
Alves O L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Massive intraoperative swelling (IOS) is a potential complication of intracranial surgery for traumatic hematomas. We present a novel design of dural opening to minimize the risks of IOS. METHODS: Over the last eight years, we have used and evaluated a "reversed U-shaped" durotomy incision, which leaves the dura intact ...
Kim B B Department of Radiology, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea - - - 2003
Traumatic intracranial aneurysms in children are rare and mostly related to skull fracture or rapid decelerating closed head injury.We report the case of an infant who developed intracranial aneurysm after minor head trauma and managed by endovascular treatment. A seven-month-old infant presented with delayed intracranial hemorrhage following minor head trauma. ...
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