Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1009
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Maira Giulio - - 2006
The management of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) remarkably improved due to the development of diagnostic and surgical procedures. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from IA rupture constitutes a devastating event, whose prognosis remains unsatisfactory. At present, several researchs are targeted to individuate subjects harboring unruptured IAs and those presenting a higher risk for ...
Barriales-Villa Roberto R Servicio de Cardiología, Complexo Hospitalario de Pontevedra, Pontevedra, - - 2006
Recent years have witnessed a change in our perception of congenital coronary artery anomalies. From being regarded as simple coronary angiographic observations of little clinical significance, they have come to be seen as potential causes of sudden death in young people and of myocardial ischemia in adults. Diagnostic difficulties, a ...
Agrawal Sumeet - - 2007
Behcet's disease is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized commonly by oral and genital ulcerations, with skin and eye involvement. Unlike other manifestations, involvement of the central nervous system and vascular manifestations can be late in the course and are the leading causes of death. Aneurysms are relatively common in visceral ...
Ruan Li-Tao - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study the hemodynamic characteristics of moyamoya disease with color Doppler (CD) and power Doppler (PD) sonography. METHODS: The hemodynamic parameters of intracranial and extracranial arteries from 17 patients with moyamoya disease confirmed via digital subtraction angiography and 30 healthy controls were studied with conventional and transcranial CD and ...
Ross Ian B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Not all vascular lesions of the brain that are amenable to endovascular treatment are safely accessible via the transfemoral route. We describe our technique of carotid cut down for endovascular access and present a couple of illustrative cases. The increasing number of neurosurgeons performing endovascular procedures, or collaborating with ...
Sharma Manish Singh - - 2006
OBJECT: Research into the etiopathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms has failed to demonstrate molecular markers or pathognomonic genetic sequences. The authors describe the case of aneurysmal rupture in a patient with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome and explore a possible molecular link. METHODS: A 17-year-old girl underwent endovascular coiling for an aneurysmal ...
Thiex Ruth - - 2006
We report on a 54-year-old man with megadolicho basilar artery presenting with acute signs of raised intracranial pressure due to a compromise of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow at the level of the foramina of Monro by the basilar apex extending more than 3 cm cranially to the dorsum sellae. The ...
Walsh M - - 2006
Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) has a high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of intracranial aneurysms and is increasingly used as the primary imaging modality in the investigation and pretreatment planning of patients presenting with acute subarachnoid haemorrhage. We present two cases in which CTA failed to demonstrate arteriovenous malformations ...
Rozet Irene - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe an episode of acute jugular venous desaturation during intraoperative rupture of a cerebral aneurysm. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 57-yr-old patient was scheduled for clipping of a large unruptured basilar tip aneurysm. Abrupt bulging of the brain was observed after bone flap removal, but before dura was opened. This ...
Pescini F - - 2006
The presence of large vessels malformations has not been reported in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). We describe a CADASIL patient in whom a brain cerebellar arteriovenous malformation was revealed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. An MR angiogram documented also an aneurysm along the right ...
Muzumdar D P - - 2006
A 10-year-old child with transposition of the great arteries had multiple intracranial aneurysms. The child presented with pyogenic meningitis, and the investigations incidentally revealed numerous aneurysms involving both anterior and posterior circulation arteries. Angiography also revealed multiple fistulae between the internal and external carotid arteries. The child is under observation. ...
Tofteng Flemming - - 2006
In this prospective study of patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), we tested the hypothesis that arterial hyperammonemia results in cerebral accumulation of the osmotic active amino acids glutamine and alanine, processes that were expected to correlate with intracranial pressure (ICP). By using in vivo brain microdialysis technique together with ...
Reis Cassius V C - - 2006
Almost 50 years of research on moyamoya disease (1957-2006) has led to the development of a variety of surgical and medical options for its management in affected patients. Some of these options have been abandoned, others have served as the basis for the development of better procedures, and many are ...
Baumgartner Ralf W - - 2006
Stenoses and occlusions of the anterior, middle, pre- and postcommunicating posterior cerebral, and basilar and intracranial vertebral arteries are reliably detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) and transcranial color duplex sonography (TCCS). Diagnosis of carotid siphon stenosis is consistently obtained by transorbital Doppler sonography. Internationally accepted criteria for diagnosing intracranial arterial ...
Chen Xiang-Yan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intracranial artery calcification is common but the prevalence and determinants are not well established. We aim to describe the prevalence and location of calcification in intracranial arteries according to brain multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) images, and to investigate its correlation with potential risk factors. METHODS: We studied consecutive men ...
Bescós Javier Oliván - - 2005
Manual volume measurement of intracranial aneurysms from 3D rotational angiography varies on different threshold settings and, therefore, is operator-dependent. We developed and validated a method based on automatic gradient edge detection that is independent on threshold settings and provides an accurate and reproducible volume measurement. This method was compared with ...
Pumar José Manuel - - 2005
We report initial experience with the use of a new intracranial stent, the Leo microstent in combination with detachable coils in treatment of patients with wide-necked cerebral aneurysms. The Leo stent represents a significant advance in the vascular treatment of intracranial aneurysm with high radial force and an easy delivery ...
Klekner A - - 2005
OBJECT: Hyaluronan (HA) is a highly hydrated macromolecule; it is one of the essential components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the arteries and plays an important role in maintaining the biomechanical features of blood vessels. Although the potential contribution of HA in aneurysms of different vessels has been studied ...
Krings Timo - - 2005
The pathogenesis of intracranial arterial aneurysms (AA) remains unclear, despite their clinical importance. An improved understanding of this disease is important in choosing therapeutic options. In addition to the "classical" berry-type aneurysm, there are various other types of intracranial AA such as infectious, dissecting or giant, partially-thrombosed aneurysms. From the ...
Houkin Kiyohiro - - 2005
Social demand for the disclosure of medical information is increasing, especially the treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms. This study investigated to what extent information on the treatment for unruptured intracranial aneurysms is disclosed on websites in Japan. We surveyed 1225 institutions authorized by The Japan Neurosurgical Society. The following factors ...
Sandalcioglu I Erol - - 2006
Aneurysm growth appears to be associated with an increased risk of rupture. Therefore, it may be of interest to identify mechanisms contributing to aneurysm growth. Angiogenic factors, particularly vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis and growth of cerebrovascular malformations. We aimed to ...
Morgan L - - 2005
Inflammation is thought to play an important role in intracranial aneurysm formation. Heme-oxygenase-1(HO-1) is a novel anti-inflammatory factor. A length polymorphic variant of the HO-1 gene promoter region, comprising (GT)n dinucleotide repeats, is associated with altered levels of gene transcription: long (= 36 GT) repeats are associated with decreased HO-1. ...
Langer David J - - 2005
ELANA, excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis, is a technique using an excimer laser/catheter system for intracranial bypass surgery of the brain. The technique has been developed over the past 12 years by Tulleken and colleagues at UMC Utrecht in The Netherlands for treatment of primarily untreatable giant aneurysms. We review here ...
Brockmann Knut - - 2005
Moyamoya angiopathy is a well-known complication of sickle cell disease but has rarely been observed in other hemoglobinopathies. The authors describe a previously unreported association of hemolytic anemia due to a rare unstable hemoglobinopathy with abnormal oxygen affinity (Hb Alesha) and moyamoya syndrome in a 10-year-old girl. At age 4 ...
Krajickova Dagmar - - 2005
We report on a 72-year-old female with an unusual intracranial bleeding complication after an extracranial carotid artery stenting procedure performed for a tight left ICA stenosis associated with contralateral carotid occlusion. Two hours after the procedure, the initial signs of intracranial bleeding appeared that led to the patient's demise 5 ...
Birnbaum Lee A - - 2005
Isolated intracranial fibromuscular dysplasia is rare and may present with cerebrovascular events. It should be considered as etiology of stroke in otherwise healthy young patients. Though diagnosis is often challenging, characteristic morphologies may be revealed on magnetic resonance and catheter angiography. Cephalocervical fibromuscular dysplasia typically involves the extracranial portion of ...
Cunningham Edwin J - - 2005
Neurovascular complications of carotid artery stenting (CAS) include intracranial embolism and hemorrhage, carotid dissection, in-stent thrombosis and vasospasm. Management of these crises requires knowledge of the intracranial vascular anatomy and collateral circulation, correct identification of the complication and its clinical implications, and a response plan that is appropriate to the ...
Quiñones-Hinojosa Alfredo - - 2005
Most intracranial aneurysms can be managed with either microsurgical clipping or endovascular coiling. A subset of complex aneurysms with aberrant anatomy or fusiform/dolichoectatic morphology may require revascularization as part of a strategy that occludes the aneurysm or parent artery or both. Bypass techniques have been invented to revascularize nearly every ...
Huang Judy - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysms in children (< or =18 years old) are rare, and their epidemiology is poorly understood. We present a prospective 14-year experience at our institution and review the literature to clarify the characteristics and outcomes of pediatric patients with intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: Review of medical records in the ...
Lin Tien-Jen - - 2005
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a generalized disease known to be associated with intracranial aneurysms. Non-aneurysmal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has also been reported in ADPKD. We report a familial clustering of ICH and symptomatic ADPKD. This pedigree had at least six affected family members who suffered from ADPKD, ...
Broderick Joseph P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptured intracranial aneurysms (IAs) occurs in about 20,000 people per year in the U.S. annually and nearly half of the affected persons are dead within the first 30 days. Survivors of ruptured IAs are often left with substantial disability. Thus, primary prevention of aneurysm ...
Gallia Gary L - - 2005
Neonatal intracranial aneurysms are rare. The authors report the case of a 4-week-old girl who presented with left-eye ptosis and proptosis. Computerized tomography scanning and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a mass involving the left cavernous sinus and middle cranial fossa. Cerebral angiography revealed a large complex left cavernous carotid artery ...
Banatwala M - - 2005
Our recent studies of the nonlinear mechanics of saccular aneurysms suggest that it is unlikely that these lesions enlarge or rupture via material (limit point) or dynamic (resonance) instabilities. Rather, there is a growing body of evidence from both vascular biology and biomechanical analyses that implicate mechanosensitive growth and remodeling ...
Kim Jong S - - 2005
Intracranial atherosclerosis is considered a cause of approximately 8% of all strokes in the western society. However, its frequency is much higher in Asian countries. In our hospital-based study, among the patients who had angiographic abnormalities, the frequency of intracranial atherosclerosis was approximately 70% far exceeding that of extratracranial atherosclerosis. ...
Harikrishnan S - - 2005
Rare association of coronary artery aneurysms with intra cranial aneurysms is reported. Also, association of abdominal aortic coarctation with intracranial aneurysms is rare. A 70-year-old female presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to rupture of intracranial aneurysm. On evaluation, she was found to have intracranial aneurysms in the vertebral and basilar ...
Onouchi Zenshiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of the therapeutic regimens for the prevention of stenotic transformation of aneurysms in Kawasaki disease (KD). The aim of this study was to assess the prophylactic effect of combined therapy in the acute stage and convalescent- to chronic-stage against the formation of stenotic lesions. METHODS ...
Yasuda Hiroshi - - 2005
Methyl-2-cyanoacrylate, a widely used material for coating cerebral aneurysm, was recently withdrawn. The aim of the present study was to develop an alternative coating material for cerebral aneurysm, which is safe, effective and stable within the brain. In the first experiment, an aneurysm model of the common carotid artery was ...
Uehara T - - 2005
The aim of this study was to identify relevant risk factors for occlusive lesions of the intracranial arteries in stroke-free population. The subjects of this study were 425 patients without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack and without any abnormality on a neurological examination who consecutively visited a ...
Raftopoulos C - - 2005
Coil embolization is a treatment for intracranial aneurysms with a particular appeal for posterior circulation aneurysms. However, although this procedure is effective in well-selected intracranial aneurysms, it has a series of limitations that may be overlooked as a result of its rapid technological evolution and its minimally invasive appearance. The ...
Rohde Stefan - - 2005
Shape irregularities of intracranial aneurysms may indicate an increased risk of rupture. To quantify morphological differences, Fourier analysis of the shape of intracranial aneurysms was introduced. We compared the morphology of 45 unruptured (UIA) and 46 ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIA) in 70 consecutive patients on the basis of 3D-rotational angiography. ...
Komotar Ricardo J - - 2005
A substantial number of strokes are caused by intracranial atherosclerosis, a disease that traditionally has been treated medically. Recent technological advancements, however, have revolutionized the treatment of this condition by enabling the use of endovascular methods. In this paper the authors focus on the internal carotid artery, and review relevant ...
Droste Dirk W - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Proper assessment of the intracranial arteries by transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCD) is occasionally made difficult by an insufficient temporal bone window, an unfavorable insonation angle, or low flow velocity or volume. In these cases, echocontrast could be helpful to increase the diagnostic confidence or to make the diagnosis ...
Akagawa Hiroyuki - - 2005
OBJECT: Among patients with aneurysms, those with heterozygous (T/C) endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) T-786C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), a mutation reducing endothelial nitric oxide synthesis, are reported to have larger ruptured intracranial aneurysms (IAs) than those with homozygous (C/C or T/T) genotype. The authors tested patients harboring aneurysms for ...
Mak W - - 2005
The pattern of cerebral atherosclerosis is not the same among different races. White patients rarely have intracranial large arterial steno-occlusive disease even if their systemic arteries are extensively involved, while non-white patients frequently have their intracranial arteries affected. We postulate that during human population diversification, those who settled in Europe ...
Takahashi Wakoh - - 2005
To clarify the relationship between large-vessel disease and asymptomatic cerebral infarction (ACI), we evaluated atherosclerotic changes in intracranial and extracranial arteries in adults with and without ACI. Subjects were 142 apparently healthy persons with ACI on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (ACI group) and 605 age matched persons without cerebral infarction ...
Liu Hon-Man - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We report a vascular abnormality of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) that has not been described in the literature before. METHODS: Two patients (1 male and 1 female; age 44 and 67 years, respectively) were found to have a vascular abnormality in which the main trunk of the MCA ...
Ohuchi Shingo - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of vascular lesions in the head and neck by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and investigate the factors correlated with severe stenosis. METHODS: Elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed in 413 patients at our center between May 1997 and April 2001. We used MRA ...
Kawaguchi K - - 2004
Summary: Symptomatic intracranial cerebral artery stenosis is largely resistant to drug treatment. Regardless of their locations, lesions may cause cerebral infarction with a frequency of 7-10% in a year, but the natural history of asymptomatic intracranial cerebral artery stenosis remains unclear. Revascularization is indicated for symptomatic lesions which show resistance ...
Frietsch Thomas - - 2004
Neuroprotection for patients with intracranial aneurysms encompasses the preservation of brain cells endangered by a limited blood and oxygen supply due to aneurysm rupture, clipping or coiling, as well as vasospasm. A large variety of prophylactic and therapeutic neuroprotective strategies have been proposed, but success in human disease is quite ...
Cheong James Ju Yong - - 2004
OBJECT: Individuals with unruptured intracranial aneurysms experience a higher rate of rupture if their history includes another aneurysm that has previously bled. The authors used systematic review and metaregression to estimate the annual rate of development of second de novo aneurysms after subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: This investigation included studies in ...
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