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Results 201 - 250 of 1008
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Dashti Reza - - 2010
Indocyanine Green Video Angiography (ICG-VA) is recently introduced to the practice of cerebrovascular neurosurgery. This technique is safe and noninvasive and provides reliable real-time information on the patency of blood vessels of any size, as well as residual filling of aneurysms. In this article, a review of the literature and ...
Zhao Pei Chao - - 2010
Intracranial infectious (mycotic) aneurysms are very rare, but continue to be challenging and technically demanding, which need careful diagnosis and therapy. We present an 18-year-old man with an intracranial infectious aneurysm located on the left posterior cerebral artery who was successfully treated with endovascular embolization by a liquid embolic agent ...
Firstenberg Michael S - - 2010
Pulmonary emboli are frequent causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with brain tumors. Treatment options are limited in these complex patients. We report a case of successful acute pulmonary embolectomy in a patient with an advanced brain cancer.
Kuo Isabel - - 2010
Mycotic aneurysms are a rare cause of intracranial aneurysms that develop in the presence of infections such as infective endocarditis. They account for a small percentage of all intracranial aneurysms and carry a high-mortality rate when ruptured. The authors report a case of a 54-year-old man who presented with infective ...
Ago┼čton-Coldea Lucia - - 2010
Renovascular hypertension is defined as elevated blood pressure levels due to the stenosis/ occlusion of the renal artery caused by fibromuscular dysplasia or atherosclerosis. We present the case of a 59-year old female patient with recently diagnosed arterial hypertension due to renal artery occlusion through intimal fibromuscular dysplasia. In this ...
He Ci - - 2010
Plaque morphology directly correlates with risk of embolism and the recently developed dual-source computed tomography angiography (DSCTA) may help to detect plaques more precisely. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence and morphology of carotid and cerebrovascular atherosclerotic plaques in patients with symptomatic type 2 diabetes mellitus ...
Isoda Haruo - - 2010
Hemodynamics is thought to play a very important role in the initiation, growth, and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. The purpose of our study was to perform in vivo hemodynamic analysis of unruptured intracranial aneurysms of magnetic resonance fluid dynamics using time-resolved three-dimensional phase-contrast MRI (4D-Flow) at 1.5 T and to analyze ...
Lauric Alexandra - - 2010
The detection of brain aneurysms plays a key role in reducing the incidence of intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) which carries a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The majority of non-traumatic SAH cases is caused by ruptured intracranial aneurysms and accurate detection can decrease a significant proportion of misdiagnosed cases. ...
Nuki Yoshitsugu - - 2009
Mechanisms of formation and growth of intracranial aneurysms are poorly understood. To investigate the pathophysiology of intracranial aneurysms, an animal model of intracranial aneurysm yielding a high incidence of large aneurysm formation within a short incubation period is needed. We combined two well-known clinical factors associated with human intracranial aneurysms, ...
Iwasa Yuko - - 2011
Intracranial artery calcification is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke, and while it is frequently observed on computed tomographic images of the brain in hemodialysis patients, its distribution has not been well studied. Fifty patients on maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled in this study. We divided the patients with intracranial ...
Ozveren Mehmet Faik - - 2009
A 36-year-old male patient with Behcet's disease consulted our hospital for treatment of an unruptured intracranial aneurysm. He was neurologically intact. He had undergone surgery for an aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery 2 years ago and had been followed up because of the aneurysm of the left radial artery ...
Taylor Robert A - - 2009
The prevalence and natural history of asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis are not very well characterized. Existing data suggest that incidentally discovered asymptomatic intracranial stenosis presents a fairly low risk of stroke, though substantial uncertainty remains. Patients may be at greater risk if there are tandem stenoses. Methods to stratify the ...
Tripathy L N - - 2009
The incidence of subarachnoid haemorrhage from intracranial aneurysms in the paediatric age group is extremely rare. Interestingly, occurrence of vasospasm has been reported to be less in comparison to the adults. Both coiling and clipping have been advocated in selected cases. Because of the thinness of the wall of the ...
Ogeng'o Julius A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Characteristics of intracranial aneurysms display ethnic variations. Data on this disease from the African continent is scarce and often conflicting. AIM: To describe site, age and gender distribution of intracranial aneurysms among Kenyans. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All records ...
Humphrey J D - - 2009
Arteries exhibit a remarkable ability to adapt in response to sustained alterations in hemodynamic loading, to heal in response to injuries, and to compensate in response to diverse disease conditions. Nevertheless, such compensatory adaptations are limited and many vascular disorders, if untreated, lead to significant morbidity or mortality. Parallel advances ...
Siddiqui Adnan H - - 2009
An in-depth knowledge of intracranial and extracranial collateral anastomoses, overt or hidden, is crucial for an interventionist to devise optimal endovascular strategies to manage a host of pathologic conditions; to ascertain potential pitfalls; and, ultimately, to avoid complications that could have been prevented by a better understanding of underlying vascular ...
Grinberg Leopold - - 2009
High-resolution unsteady three-dimensional flow simulations in large intracranial arterial networks of a healthy subject and a patient with hydrocephalus have been performed. The large size of the computational domains requires the use of thousands of computer processors and solution of the flow equations with approximately one billion degrees of freedom. ...
Kundu Sanjoy - - 2009
A major challenge in the management of hemodialysis patients is central venous stenosis and obstruction. Placement of central venous catheters has been shown to result in a high incidence of central venous stenosis or obstruction. There has been extensive literature on the treatment of this important and prevalent problem. Treatment ...
Ferroli P - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report experience on the use of self-closing nitinol U-Clips for different types of intracranial arterial microanastomosis. METHODS: We treated 7 patients (3 females and 4 males, age ranging from 25 to 68 yo) admitted from November 2005 to January 2008 to the Neurological Institute C. Besta of Milan. ...
Gallego León J I - - 2009
Summary: Angioplasty and stenting are emerging alternative treatments to endarterectomy for carotid stenosis. The increasing number of procedures performed carries an increased diagnosis rate of associated asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms, resulting in a clinical and therapeutic dilemma, not fully solved in the literature. When an incidental lesion is found, the first ...
Ries Thorsten - - 2009
It is accepted that endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysms < 2 cm in diameter is not an alternative option to surgical treatment anymore but has rather gained the place as the first therapeutic option. Still, the long-term efficacy of endovascular aneurysm treatment remains uncertain. This article discusses clinical significance, incidence, ...
Mason Alexander M - - 2009
The advent of endovascular therapy for intracranial aneurysms and the rapid advances in that field have supplanted microsurgical treatment for many intracranial aneurysms. Applying current outcome data and other parameters, nuances of selecting the modality of treatment for intracranial aneurysms are reviewed. Patient factors, such a age, co-morbidities, vasospasm and ...
Kolbeck Kenneth J - - 2009
A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is an emergency anywhere in the world. Physician expertise and clinical status of the patient drive the treatment modalities in the majority of cases. Independent of treatment choice, the goal of therapy is to stabilize the patient as quickly as possible in a manner that ...
Kicska Gregory - - 2009
Endovascular stent grafts have become a viable treatment for aortic thoracic and abdominal aneurysms in both elective and emergent situations. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography is the primary tool for determining eligibility for this procedure. This article discuses the preprocedural evaluation of an endovascular stent candidate. Evaluation begins with identification of ...
Héman Laura M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Smoking and hypertension are important risk factors for atherosclerotic carotid artery disease, but also for intracranial aneurysms. We studied the presence of aneurysms in a series of patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and performed a systematic review of the literature to assess in patients with ...
Bar Michal - - 2010
Acute occlusion of cervical or intracranial arteries is the most common cause of ischemic stroke (IS). The aims of the current study were to compare the occurrence of acute pathologic findings in intracranial arteries using transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) and computed tomographic angiography (CTA) performed within 3 hours of IS ...
Vizcaíno-Díaz C - - 2009
The rupture of cerebral arterial aneurysm is an extremely rare cause of intracranial hemorrhage in infants. Brain magnetic resonance imaging is an excellent technique commonly used to suggest the diagnosis. In this article, we propose color flow Doppler ultrasound as a useful, simple, inexpensive, noninvasive, and accessible option for confirming ...
Raymond Jean - - 2009
The review critically appraises the available evidence and current rationale for treating incidental intracranial aneurysms. The rationale for treating incidental intracranial aneurysms uses comparisons between the so-called natural history, provided in a recent meta-analysis, and risks of treatments. Some risk factors for ruptures were identified (age >60, female sex, size ...
Bernier Christina - - 2009
Extracranial-to-intracranial bypass is used for flow replacement and diversion that prevent the serious complications associated with sudden ligation of the middle cerebral artery for treatment of complex tumors or aneurysms. Extracranial-to-intracranial bypass is a demanding procedure that requires experience in advanced microsurgical techniques. In this article, the authors review the ...
Mocco J - - 2009
OBJECT: The development of self-expanding stents dedicated to intracranial use has significantly widened the applicability of endovascular therapy to many intracranial aneurysms that would otherwise have been untreatable by endovascular techniques. Recent Food and Drug Administration approval of the Enterprise Vascular Reconstruction Device and Delivery System (Cordis) has added a ...
Gonsalves Carin - - 2008
Over the past decade, uterine artery embolization (UAE) has become a popular alternative treatment for women with symptomatic fibroids who desire uterine preservation and/or the avoidance of surgical intervention. In this article, the history of UAE, preprocedure patient evaluation and patient selection, procedure technique, and expected UAE outcomes are reviewed.
Bilguvar Kaya - - 2008
Stroke is the world's third leading cause of death. One cause of stroke, intracranial aneurysm, affects approximately 2% of the population and accounts for 500,000 hemorrhagic strokes annually in mid-life (median age 50), most often resulting in death or severe neurological impairment. The pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysm is unknown, and ...
Hung Po-Cheng - - 2008
Tuberous sclerosis complex is a protean, genetically determined disease that may involve any organ or tissue and lead to a great number of signs and clinical features. Occlusive vascular disease and aneurysms of the cerebral and visceral arteries were described in these patients. We report on an 8-month-old boy who ...
Lysack John T - - 2008
ABSTRACTOBJECTIVETo review the current knowledge of screening and treatment of asymptomatic unruptured intracranial aneurysms (AUIAs) using a case-based approach.SOURCES OF INFORMATIONPubMed was searched from January 1995 to January 2008 using the phrase unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Scientific statements of the Stroke Council of the American Heart Association pertaining to intracranial aneurysms ...
Chen Wenhua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sixteen-row multislice CT has great potential for use in vascular studies. The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of 16-row multislice CTA in detecting intracranial aneurysms compared with 2D-DSA and surgical findings. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two consecutive patients were included in the study and successively ...
Kuruvilla Abraham - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reocclusion of intracranial arteries after successful recanalization is associated with poor clinical outcome. The role of Factor V Leiden mutation in intracranial arterial thrombosis/rethrombosis is unclear. SUMMARY OF REPORT: We report the case of a patient who developed recurrent reocclusions of the middle cerebral artery after intra-arterial ...
Liang Jiantao - - 2009
PURPOSE: Intracranial aneurysms are relatively rare in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to highlight the clinical and radiological features and the therapeutic outcome and clarify the choice of therapeutic strategies for pediatric intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive children (age <or=14 years) who were diagnosed ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We hope to illustrate the feasibility of endovascular recanalization for intracranial symptomatic arterial occlusion in the subacute period without adjunctive stenting. CASE DESCRIPTION: Two patients presented with recurrent transient ischemic attacks due to subacute occlusion of intracranial vessels (left MCA M1 and basilar artery). Both had pressor-dependent ischemic symptoms ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2008
The aim of this document is to summarize the existing data derived from regulatory bodies, professional organizations, and clinical trials with direct pertinence to indications and qualifications required for performing neurointerventional procedures and provide recommendations regarding qualifications required for performing individual neurointerventional procedures. Recommendations are provided for performance of cerebral ...
Gralla Jan - - 2008
Thrombotic events are a common and severe complication of endovascular aneurysm treatment with significant impact on patients' outcome. This study evaluates risk factors for thrombus formation and assesses the efficacy and safety of abciximab for clot dissolution. All patients treated with abciximab during (41 patients) or shortly after (22 patients) ...
Vora Nirav - - 2009
The double origin of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is a variant anastomosis of a residual lateral spinal artery and native intracranial PICA that has been associated with intracranial aneurysm formation. Because of this anastomosis, both origins of the PICA serve as aneurysmal-feeding vessels. We describe a novel technique ...
Galluccio Steven T - - 2008
A 56-year-old woman presented to our hospital with acute severe asthma. As a consequence of severe refractory airflow limitation, moderate hypercapnia ensued for several days. Unexpectedly, the patient died as a result of brain stem herniation, in the absence of hypoxaemia, arterial hypotension or an intracranial mass lesion. We discuss ...
Giussani C - - 2008
AIM: Nowadays endovascular therapy is more and more considered as first choice treatment for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. The aim of this study was to understand the impact that endovascular treatment (EVT), chosen as first therapeutic strategy, has had in the selection of ruptured intracranial aneurysms submitted to surgery at our ...
Krings T - - 2008
Summary: The pathogenesis of intracranial arterial aneurysms (AA) has been debated for many years and still remains unclear, although these entities might pose life-threatening risks to the patient and understanding the disease is of utmost importance for choosing treatment concepts. Apart from the "classical" berry-type aneurysm, there are different other ...
Szikora I - - 2008
Abstract: Background and purpose: To summarize the theoretical background and existing technical achievements of flow modification techniques in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. The evolution of the concept of flow modification for aneurysm treatment is overviewed within the published literature on application of stents for aneurysms. The newest achievements using ...
Park Min S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We describe our initial experience with the use of a novel, compliant guide catheter designed for placement within the cranial vasculature in a series of seven patients who were treated for various intracranial pathologies. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Seven patients were deemed to have either tortuous supra-aortic, intracranial, and/or extracranial vasculature ...
Vaidya Sandeep - - 2008
Vascular anomalies are an extensive group of malformations of the arterial, venous, and lymphatic systems, either in isolation or, more often, in combination. Although mostly congenital, they can occasionally be acquired as well. They present a challenge both for workup and therapy. This article attempts to describe some of their ...
Vo Nghia-Jack - - 2008
Leiomyomas (or fibroids) are exceedingly common lesions. The indications to initiate treatment are based on the symptoms that can arise from their presence. In general, medical therapy should be considered the first line of treatment. Currently, the treatment of fibroids is in evolution. Since uterine artery embolization (UAE) was first ...
Sidhu Manrita - - 2008
Bronchial artery bleeding is the most common cause of life-threatening hemoptysis. The most common underlying etiologies include tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, aspergillosis, and cystic fibrosis. Bronchial artery embolization is an important treatment for significant hemoptysis, given its high early success rate and relatively low risk compared with alternative medical and surgical treatments. ...
Kim In-Young - - 2008
We describe for the first time a case of intracranial tuberculoma with adjacent intracerebral inflammatory aneurysms, and include a brief discussion of the developmental mechanism of these pathologies. A 28-year-old woman presented with a history of intermittent seizure attacks. She had been diagnosed as having pulmonary tuberculosis 1 year previously, ...
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