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Okamura Kyoko - - 2010
A 19-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of bilateral multiple nodular shadows on the chest radiograph. She complained of no symptoms. The pulmonary lesions were diagnosed pathologically as epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. She has been followed without treatment for more than 10 years. Among all lesions, only two pulmonary nodules ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2010
This monograph reviews currently accepted criteria for extirpation of the aneurysmal thoracic aorta. Presence of symptoms suffices to justify resection regardless of size. For asymptomatic patients, resection of the ascending aorta at 5 to 5.5 cm is warranted. The descending aorta can be watched until slightly larger sizes (ie, 5.5-6 ...
Berger R M F - - 2010
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a serious, progressive condition, which can present idiopathically or secondary to conditions such as systemic sclerosis or congenital heart disease. The condition exists in both adult and paediatric forms, which possess several similar characteristics. Adult and paediatric PAH can, however, be distinguished based on underlying ...
Chung Jayer - - 2010
This study evaluated the durability of adjunctive endovascular neck procedures, including aortic cuffs, Palmaz stents (Cordis, Miami Lakes, Fla), and high-pressure balloon angioplasty, at managing intraoperative proximal neck complications during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). This was a single-center retrospective review of EVARs. The primary outcome variable studied was survival ...
Güneş Yılmaz - - 2010
Exercise electrocardiography test (EET) has limited sensitivity and specificity. Recently, color M-mode-derived propagation velocity of the descending thoracic aorta (APV) has been shown to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the incremental value of APV for better prediction of CAD in EET-positive patients. Color M-mode APV was ...
Eagleton M J - - 2010
Aortic arch aneurysms present a significant clinical challenge. Historically, open repair has been the mainstay of therapy, but it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In particular, the risk of stroke is not insignificant. The development of endovascular therapies has allowed for the less invasive treatment of thoracic aortic ...
Ye Xin - - 2010
A 36-year-old woman suffered meningioma in her right cerebellopontine angle. Air embolisms often complicate sitting-position surgeries. Because TEE guides the localization of central venous catheters and promptly locates air embolisms promptly enough for effective treatment, TEE is an effective monitoring method for sitting-position surgeries.
Hantous-Zannad Saoussen - - 2010
Background: Acute pulmonary embolism is a common disease with substantial morbidity and mortality in untreated patients. It requires an urgent positive diagnosis. Aim: To assess the prevalence of acute pulmonary embolism and calculate the sensitivity and specificity of multidetector CT for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism in a hospital ...
Yoon Kyeong-Wook - - 2010
To introduce the frequency and segment analysis of in-stent stenosis for intracranial stent assisted endovascular treatment on complex aneurysms. A retrospective study was performed in 158 patients who had intracranial complex aneurysms and were treated by endovascular stent application with or without coil embolization. Of these, 102 patients were evaluated ...
Yang S - - 2010
We evaluated the feasibility of endovascular embolization for the management of distal anterior choroidal artery (AChA) aneurysms associated with moyamoya disease and performed a literature review to summarize their clinical features and treatment. We describe two cases of moyamoya disease-associated distal AChA aneurysms treated by endovascular embolization. In both cases, ...
Meyer S - - 2011
Mid-aortic stenosis (MAS) is a rare clinical entity that is characterised by profound narrowing of the abdominal aorta. MAS usually presents with severe hypertension. Treatment modalities include antihypertensive medication, angioplasty, and surgery. If adequate treatment is initiated long-term prognosis is favourable. Here, we report on 13-year-old girl with MAS who ...
Malkawi A H - - 2011
Fenestrated aortic stent-grafts are increasingly being used to treat patients with juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Sizing of these stent-grafts is critical to ensure success and requires detailed expert assessment of aortic morphology. At present little is known about how sizing of these stent-grafts varies between observers and the necessary ...
Goldberg Ross Frederick - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Giant splenic artery pseudoaneurysms (≥5 cm in size) are rare entities. We document the successful operative management of one of the largest splenic artery pseudoaneurysms (18 cm) ever reported as well as review the world literature on the subject. METHOD: Our literature review identified 160 cases of splenic artery pseudoaneurysm in ...
D'Ercole Loredana - - 2010
The aim of this study was to propose local diagnostic reference levels (DRL) for exposure to radiation during diagnostic procedures and neuroradiological interventions such as cerebral angiography and embolisation of cerebral aneurysms (intra-cranial aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations). Hospitals should adopt the national DRLs for use locally or establish their own ...
Helle Michael - - 2010
Continuous artery-selective spin labeling (CASSL) is based on a standard continuous arterial spin labeling sequence with adiabatic flow-driven inversion and an amplitude-modulated control experiment, and has been proposed recently as a new method for the noninvasive flow territory mapping of cerebral arteries. Spatial selectivity is achieved by the rotation of ...
Lanzino Giuseppe - - 2010
Extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis is an important cause of ipsilateral stroke. The natural history of the disease is related to the presence or absence of ipsilateral hemispheric symptoms and the severity of stenosis. Doppler ultrasound is commonly used as a screening test, with more advanced noninvasive imaging studies such ...
Shi Wan-Yin - - 2010
Aims: The advent of three-dimensional (3D) rotational angiography (3D DSA) challenged the role of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as a "gold standard" in the diagnosis of intracranial aneurysms. In this study, we report our experiences in diagnosing intracranial aneurysms by using 3D DSA with volume rendering (VR) technique, particularly focusing ...
Papini Giacomo D E - - 2010
To evaluate stent-induced artifacts by 64-row multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). We studied 26 stented patients with MDCT before conventional coronary angiography (CCA). The CT values were measured. Stents were classified as occluded, with significant stenosis, with nonsignificant stenosis, or patent. For the patent stents, mean in-stent and out-stent CT values ...
Ramon I I Department Interne Geneeskunde, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, België. - - 2010
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology. Arterial involvement is uncommon but associated with important morbidity and mortality. We describe the clinical course of BD with severe pulmonary artery involvement in a 19-year-old man. He presented with massive haemoptysis related to pulmonary artery aneurysms. Initial treatment ...
Yamazaki Takanobu - - 2011
Ibudilast, a mixed phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3/4 inhibitor, is a cerebral vasodilator widely used in Japan for treating post-stroke dizziness. However, little studies have been conducted on the vasorelaxant effects of PDE inhibitors in the vertebrobasilar artery associated with dizziness onset. The in vitro vasorelaxant properties of ibudilast were, therefore, investigated ...
Kaneda Hideaki - - 2010
New imaging techniques have been used as surrogate markers of atherosclerotic burden to determine the effects of pharmacologic intervention. The aim of this study was to better determine potential utility and limitations of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging for assessing regression and progression in coronary artery disease. Medline was searched for ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2011
Object Knowledge of the detailed anatomy of the craniocervical junction is important to neurosurgeons. To the authors' knowledge, no study has addressed the detailed anatomy of the intracranial (first) denticulate ligament and its intracranial course and relationships. Methods In 10 embalmed and 5 unembalmed adult cadavers, the authors performed posterior ...
Kang Chang-Ki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that stellate ganglion block (SGB) is an effective treatment for certain cerebrovascular related diseases; however, the direct effect of SGB on the cerebral vasculature is still unknown. The present study investigated the effect of SGB on the cerebral vascular system using magnetic resonance angiography. METHODS: ...
Maleux G - - 2010
Catheter-directed, transarterial internal brachytherapy, using 90Y radioactive microspheres is gaining acceptance as a valuable treatment option in selected patients with liver malignancies. Knowledge of the radiological anatomy of the visceral arteries, including the variant anatomy of celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery and end branches as well as technique and catheter ...
Biswas Debabani - - 2010
A 45-year-old male presented with massive hemoptysis, clubbing in all limbs, disproportionate hypoxia and persistent ill-defined shadow in left lower zone in chest radiograph since his childhood. The patient received empirical anti-tuberculosis treatment and the chest X-ray finding was misinterpreted as tuberculoma. Subsequently, CT pulmonary angiography proved it to be ...
Helle Michael - - 2010
A new technique for the imaging of flow territories of individual extra- and intracranial arteries is presented. The method is based on balanced pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling but employs additional time-varying gradients in between the radiofrequency pulses of the long labeling train. The direction of the additional gradient vector is ...
Yu J-L - - 2010
Direct surgical clipping proves to be difficult and dangerous for intracranial aneurysms associated with moyamoya disease (MMD) or moyamoya syndrome (MMS). This study presents our clinical experience of endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms associated with these diseases. A total of 13 cases of intracranial aneurysms associated with MMD or MMS ...
Stelagowski Mirosław - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of intracranial stenoses or occlusions on the outcome of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis. The authors also searched for internal carotid artery plaque's morphology influence on the atherosclerotic process in intracranial arteries. METHODS: The ...
Touzé Emmanuel - - 2010
Fibromuscular dysplasia is an uncommon, segmental, nonatherosclerotic arterial disease of unknown aetiology. The disease primarily affects women and involves intermediate-sized arteries in many areas of the body, including cervical and intracranial arteries. Although often asymptomatic, fibromuscular dysplasia can also be associated with spontaneous dissection, severe stenosis that compromises the distal ...
Tai Yi-Pei - - 2010
Pediatric intracranial aneurysm rupture is rare, and is traditionally managed by surgical clipping. To the best of our knowledge, endovascular embolization of aneurysms in neonates has not previously been reported in Taiwan. We report a 9-day-old boy with intracranial aneurysms who underwent endovascular embolization, representing the youngest reported case in ...
In H S - - 2010
Aneurysms are rarely associated with symptomatic intracranial stenosis. We report the results of recanalization by stent placement in patients with symptomatic severe intracranial stenosis associated with adjacent aneurysms. Of 139 patients who underwent intracranial stent placement during a 5-year period, 10 (7%) had symptomatic severe intracranial stenosis associated with adjacent ...
Turan Tanya N - - 2010
We sought to determine the vascular risk factors and demographic features associated with the severity and location of intracranial stenosis. Data on patients enrolled in the Warfarin-Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease (WASID) trial were used for the analyses. Demographic features and vascular risk factors were compared in patients with moderate stenosis ...
Jian Brian J - - 2010
Intracranial pediatric aneurysms arising in children are rare. The treatment of these lesions requires both an understanding of their unique features as well as surgical, interventional, and pediatric critical care expertise offered through a multidisciplinary setting. The patient population, clinical presentation, complications, and trends in treatments are discussed in this ...
Kretzer Ryan M - - 2010
Although Walter E. Dandy (1886-1946) is appropriately credited with the first surgical clipping of an intracranial aneurysm in 1937--a procedure that established the modern field of vascular neurosurgery--his numerous other contributions to this specialty are not as well known. Dandy can be credited with the first detailed description of the ...
O'kelly C J - - 2010
Flow diverting stents are emerging as a treatment option for difficult intracranial aneurysms. Current grading scales for assessment of angiographic outcomes following aneurysm treatment do not apply to aneurysms treated by flow diversion. We propose a novel grading scale based on the degree of angiographic filling and contrast stasis. This ...
Jou Liang-Der - - 2010
Coexistence of both an intracranial aneurysm and a stenosis at the same internal carotid artery is infrequent, but it may complicate therapeutic management of either disease. It is unclear if a stenosis plays any role in development of intracranial aneurysms. We study patients with intracranial aneurysms at our hospital and ...
Vaahtera Katarina - - 2010
Deaths due to or associated with unruptured giant intracranial aneurysms are extremely rare. We describe a case of a sudden death associated with an unruptured giant vertebrobasilar aneurysm in a symptomatic 18-year-old male. Post-mortem examination revealed three giant fusiform and thrombosed aneurysms (vertebrobasilar junction, internal carotid arteries), an old infarct ...
Schievink Wouter I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common congenital heart defect affecting half to 2% of the population. A generalized connective tissue disorder also involving the intracranial arteries has been suspected in this patient population. We therefore screened a group of patients with BAV for the presence of intracranial aneurysms. ...
Sharma Sandeep - - 2010
Cerebral involvement is rare in polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and is mostly characterized by ischemic events and intracranial hemorrhages secondary to cerebral aneurysms is extremely rare. We report two patients of PAN with multiple intracranial aneurysms. One patient presented with intracerebral hemorrhage and in the other patient multiple intracranial aneurysms were ...
Yasuno Katsuhito K Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2010
Saccular intracranial aneurysms are balloon-like dilations of the intracranial arterial wall; their hemorrhage commonly results in severe neurologic impairment and death. We report a second genome-wide association study with discovery and replication cohorts from Europe and Japan comprising 5,891 cases and 14,181 controls with approximately 832,000 genotyped and imputed SNPs ...
Lai Yen-Jun - - 2010
Intracranial carotid dissection is an underrecognized cause of childhood stroke, and, in the face of limited therapeutic experience, its management is controversial. Reported here is the case of a 12-year-old girl who experienced an intracranial carotid artery dissection with progressive and symptomatic occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. Endovascular treatment ...
Lindekleiv Haakon M - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a serious condition, occurring more frequently in females than in males. SAH is mainly caused by rupture of an intracranial aneurysm, which is formed by localized dilation of the intracranial arterial vessel wall, usually at the apex of the arterial bifurcation. The female preponderance is usually ...
Affuso Flora - - 2010
We report the long-term follow-up of 3 cases of severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, in whom tadalafil plus sitaxentan combination therapy improved the clinical condition and exercise performance without any relevant adverse event.
Niederberger E - - 2010
Imaging of the cerebral arterial circle (CAC) is essential in neurovascular diseases such as ischemic stroke for detecting arterial occlusions and evaluating arterial supply, and in subarachnoid or intralobar hemorrhage for detecting intracranial malformations. Multidetector computed tomography angiography (MD-CTA) is increasingly being used for the detection and treatment planning of ...
Becker C - - 2010
We report on a 58 year old female patient with neurofibromatosis Recklinghausen type 1 (NF-1) in whom multiple intracranial aneurysms could be proven. Vascular changes in patients with NF-1 are frequent and concern primarily the aorta, the kidney arteries, the coronary and gastrointestinal arteries. Our case shows that in patients ...
Kalia Junaid - - 2010
The pericallosal artery is rarely associated with intracranial atherosclerotic disease and, until recently, was usually not amenable to endovascular therapy with balloon angioplasty and stenting. We present an elderly patient with postural left leg-shaking episodes secondary to pericallosal artery stenosis, which was treated initially with primary intracranial balloon angioplasty, and ...
Simon Scott D - - 2010
Onyx HD 500 (eV3, Irvine, CA) is a high-viscosity liquid embolic agent that has recently been approved in the United States as a humanitarian use device for the treatment of wide-neck sidewall intracranial aneurysms. Preliminary evidence suggest that liquid embolic agents can provide improved angiographic results with a lower incidence ...
Somboonporn Charoonsak - - 2010
Post-treatment I-131 whole body scan (WBS) is known to be a very sensitive test in detecting metastasis in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Therefore, in the presence of this sensitive method, the role of chest radiography (CXR) in the diagnosis of pulmonary metastasis has been questioned. The present study aimed to ...
Fulkerson Daniel H - - 2010
PURPOSE: Traumatic intracranial aneurysms are rare lesions that are relatively more common in the pediatric population. Proximal traumatic aneurysms occur near the skull base. Direct surgical repair of these lesions is difficult due to the anatomically confined area, clinical status of a head injury patient, and the transmural nature of ...
Ji Cheol - - 2010
The authors present a case of multiple intracranial calcifications after the procedure of external ventricular drain placement in a 50-year-old man with pericallosal artery aneurysm. We believe that calcifications formed dust that had fallen into the track during the external ventricular drain procedure. The clinical features and radiological findings are ...
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