Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1013
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Biousse V - - 1998
PURPOSE: To provide a practical review of the ophthalmologic manifestations of intracranial vascular abnormalities. METHODS: We reviewed ocular manifestations of the most common intracranial vascular abnormalities: intracranial aneurysms, carotid-cavernous fistulas, arteriovenous malformations, and cavernous malformations. RESULTS: Unruptured aneurysms can compress the third cranial nerve and the anterior visual pathways. Ruptured ...
Huang T Y - - 1998
We describe a 53-year-old mother and a her 34-year-old son who suffered from spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and/or intracerebral hemorrhage due to a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Diagnosis of the intracranial aneurysm was made by CT scan of the brain, and cerebral angiography. These two cases received surgical intervention and returned ...
Percival J - - 1998
This study assessed the observer variability for measurement of intracranial aneurysmal size visualized on color "power" Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (TCD). Patients with recent subarachnoid hemorrhage underwent color "power" TCD blind to angiography. Identified aneurysms were measured from the frozen image (in real time or from video tape) using the trackball ...
Hara A - - 1998
There is no accepted hypothesis explaining the mechanism of growth and the subsequent rupture of intracranial aneurysms. Both congenital and acquired factors are believed to contribute to the formation and development of intracranial aneurysms. Apoptosis, commonly observed under a wide range of physiological conditions, occurs in the various pathological situations ...
Aebert H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Some intracranial aneurysms may not be operable by conventional neurosurgery due to their location or morphology. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest renders surgery of these complex aneurysms possible. Brain temperatures can be measured directly in this setting. METHODS: Eight patients with complex intracranial aneurysms were operated ...
Akins P T - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Knowledge of the natural history of stenoses due to intracranial atherosclerosis may be useful for evaluating possible treatments such as angioplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records over a 7-year period to identify patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses and serial angiograms. Quantitative measurements of stenoses were made in ...
Lim H L - - 1998
A 20-year-old national serviceman with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, developed a large left parieto-occipital haemorrhage 7 days after completion of induction chemotherapy. Severe hypofibrinogenemia had been noted while he was receiving L-asparaginase. The haemorrhage could not be attributed to thrombocytopenia, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, arterio-venous malformation, berry aneurysm or leukaemic infiltration because ...
Imakita S - - 1998
PURPOSE: Our goal was to evaluate the utility of subtraction three-dimensional CT angiography for the detection of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with intracranial aneurysms were examined using newly devised controlled-orbit helical scanning and conventional angiography. Three-dimensional CT angiograms and subtraction 3-D CT angiograms were compared with conventional angiograms for ...
Philips M - - 1998
Proposed generator sites for the N18 component of the somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) range in location from the medulla to the thalamus. Additional knowledge regarding the generators of the N18 will be important in interpreting the results of intra-operative monitoring during skull base surgery and providing the surgeon more specific ...
Lanzino G - - 1998
Major intracranial vessels can be damaged during tumor resection. With the availability of refined microvascular techniques, direct repair or by-pass of the damaged segment is possible. These methods, however, often require temporary occlusion of the offending vessel, can result in a less than optimal angiographic result, and are difficult to ...
Kanemoto Y - - 1998
A normotensive, non-smoking 41-year-old female with a history of generalized seizures from the age of 4 years presented with a left middle cerebral artery (MCA) fusiform aneurysm and an ipsilateral frontal lobe cavernous hemangioma. Surgical exploration demonstrated that the fusiform aneurysm-like lesion was a dolichoectatic MCA with no arteriosclerotic change. ...
Doi S A - - 1998
We review our experience with 27 cases of pulmonary and meningeal cryptococcosis at the University Hospital, (Kuala Lumpar, Malaysia) where this is the most common cause of adult meningitis in patients without debilitating illnesses. Of the 27 cases analysed, six presented primarily with pulmonary symptomatology which usually were mainly cough, ...
De Blasi R R Unité de Neuroradiologie vasculaire, Hôpital de Bicêtre; Le Krernlin Bicêtre, France - - - 1997
A 12-year-old boy with recessive polycystic kidney disease and congenital hepatic failure, presented intracranial subarachnoid haemorrhage, due to the rupture of a laterobasilar tip aneurysm. In addition, he presented a left-sided middle cerebral unruptured aneurysm demonstrated during the screening procedure. Our patient is a boy, like most children with intracranial ...
Meldgaard K - - 1997
This case report describes sudden death in a young boy resulting from an undiagnosed saccular intracranial aneurysm located at the right posterior cerebral artery. It is suggested that the rupture might have been provoked by xylometazolin aerosol, which can increase blood pressure.
Schievink W I - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Familial intracranial aneurysms are more common than has been appreciated, but systematic autopsy studies of affected individuals have not been reported. We reviewed the autopsy findings of a group of patients with familial aneurysms to elucidate the nature of the putative underlying arteriopathy. METHODS: Using a computerized diagnostic index, ...
Zingale A - - 1997
Although the majority of infectious (bacterial) intracranial aneurysms occur in patients with subacute bacterial endocarditis, septic cerebral embolization and infectious intracranial aneurysm formation can also occur in immunocompromised patients. We report the case of ruptured bacterial aneurysm occurring in a 19 years old man immunocompromised by vigorously treated acute lymphoblastic ...
Thomsen L L - - 1997
Previous studies suggest that nitric oxide (NO) is involved in headaches induced by i.v. infusion of the vasodilator and NO donor glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) in healthy subjects. Extending these studies to sufferers of migraine without aura, it was found that migraineurs experienced a stronger headache than non-migraineurs. In addition, most ...
Yuval Y - - 1997
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare, intracranial vascular anomaly that, until recently, has usually been diagnosed postnatally. Today, however, with the advances in high-resolution ultrasonography and colour Doppler, prenatal diagnosis is relatively easy. Due to novel intravascular embolization techniques, the prognosis of neonates with VGAM has markedly ...
Schievink W I - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Marfan's syndrome is a heritable connective tissue disorder that has been associated with intracranial aneurysms. However, the prevalence of intracranial aneurysms in Marfan's syndrome is unknown and pathological studies of affected vessels have not been reported. We therefore examined the neuropathological findings in a group of patients with Marfan's ...
Kim S C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Generalized disruption of arterial wall morphological changes in patients harboring cerebral aneurysms has been documented; however, little is known regarding the pathogenesis of these changes. To explore the role of the elastolytic gelatinase, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), levels of this enzyme in the wall of intracranial aneurysms were compared with ...
Mursch K - - 1997
This article reports a method for reliable intraoperative monitoring of blood flow velocities in the basal cerebral arteries during clipping of intracerebral aneurysms. Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography provides practical integration of transcranial Doppler technology with real-time imaging capabilities through the intact human skull. With a computerized sonography system equipped with ...
Morgenstern C - - 1997
Moyamoya syndrome is characterized by the reticulated collateralization of the intracranial vasculature distal to an occlusion of proximal intracranial vessels. In the present study this pathology was visualized in 2 patients, aged 29 and 32 years, using transcranial color Doppler imaging (TCDI). Digital subtraction angiography in both patients revealed stenosis ...
Wester K - - 1997
A 35-year-old woman developed symptoms consistent with intracranial venous sinus occlusions that were demonstrated by MR angiography. After a few weeks of anticoagulant therapy, she became paraplegic due to haemorrhages in the caudal spinal canal. A decompressive laminectomy did not improve her neurological deficits. Up to this point, we assumed ...
Kanter D S - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk factors and frequency of intracranial hemorrhage among patients undergoing thrombolysis for pulmonary embolism. DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive and controlled analysis. SETTING: Hospitalized patients at centers in the United States, Canada, and Italy. PATIENTS: All had evidence of pulmonary embolism on perfusion scans or angiography. ...
MacDonald J L - - 1997
Clinical perfusionists must be able to modify the existing extracorporeal circuit in order to accommodate a specific surgical pathology. The clipping of a giant intracranial middle cerebral artery aneurysm, unapproachable with conventional neurosurgical techniques, required the use of a modified closed cardiopulmonary bypass circuit combined with deep hypothermia and total ...
Griffin M D - - 1997
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (AD-PKD) is predominantly caused by mutations of the gene PKD1, which encodes a large protein, polycystin, of unknown function. A variety of arterial abnormalities occur with increased prevalence in ADPKD patients. Using an antiserum against the nonduplicated region of the polycystin protein, immunostaining of vascular ...
Schievink W I - - 1997
The etiology and pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms are clearly multifactorial, with genetic factors playing an increasingly recognized role. Intracranial aneurysms have been associated with numerous heritable connective tissue disorders, which account for at least 5% of cases. Of these disorders, the most important are Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type IV, Marfan's syndrome, ...
Samra S K - - 1997
A patient underwent surgical clipping of a complex giant intracranial carotid aneurysm with the aid of extracorporeal circulation and complete hypothermic circulatory arrest. During the entire procedure, cerebrovascular oxygen saturation (ScO2) was spectroscopically measured. The patient experienced circulatory arrest for 34 min; for 15 of the 34 min ScO2 was ...
Gaetani P - - 1997
The tissue contents of total collagen and of 3-hydroxypyridinium cross-links, pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD), were measured in 15 samples of human aneurysms of Willis' Circle obtained at surgery and in 25 autopsy control samples of intracranial arteries of Willis' Circle obtained from 6 subjects who died of other causes ...
Ronkainen A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We set out to determine the prevalence of incidental intracranial aneurysms in first-degree relatives aged 30 years or more of people with intracranial aneurysms, and to see if polycystic kidney disease contributes to the aggregation of familial intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: 91 families with two or more affected members had ...
Greitz D - - 1997
A new model of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation is proposed, implying that the main absorption of CSF occurs through the brain capillaries. This model is based on recent observations of CSF dynamics using radionuclide cisternography and cardiac gated magnetic resonance imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging of communicating hydrocephalus has demonstrated ...
Pant B - - 1997
The incidence of intracranial aneurysm associated with pituitary adenoma is not definitely established although reported higher than in general population. This study was designed to find the existence of such association in a large series of pituitary adenoma cases. A retrospective study of 467 cases of pituitary adenoma (mean age: ...
Jensen F K - - 1997
Radiation-induced intracranial aneurysm formation is a rare but life-threatening condition with a high mortality rate secondary to rupture of the aneurysm. Furthermore, this condition can mimic tumour recurrence. Only 10 months after craniospinal radiation therapy for medulloblastoma, a 9-year-old boy developed a subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to a ruptured saccular aneurysm ...
Gaetani P - - 1996
The collagen of tissues submitted to mechanical load (i.e. arterial wall) is characterised by the presence of intermolecular covalent cross-links (hydroxylysyl pyridinoline or pyridinoline: PYD; and lysyl-pyridinoline or deoxypyridinoline: DPD) which stabilise the molecular structure. In this preliminary study we look for quantitative or qualitative alterations of collagen cross-linkage in ...
McKinley B A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: 1) The investigation of fiberoptic PO2, PCO2, and pH sensor technology as a monitor of brain parenchyma during and after brain injury, and 2) the comparison of brain parenchyma PO2, PCO2, and pH with intracranial pressure during and after hypoxic, ischemic brain insult. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, animal study in ...
Liu L H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We explored racial differences in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: Clinical and magnetic resonance angiographic (MRA) features were compared in 21 white and 21 Asian patients with symptomatic ischemic cerebrovascular disease. RESULTS: When all carotid artery sites were combined and compared, whites had more stenotic lesions of internal carotid artery ...
Tulleken C A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To make high-flow revascularization of the brain possible, we developed an anastomosis technique that obviates temporary occlusion of the recipient artery. After connecting donor and recipient vessels, an Excimer laser catheter, introduced by way of an artificial side branch, creates a hole at the anastomosis site. Because of the ...
Gopinath S P - - 1996
Traumatic intracranial hematomas which are present on hospital admission or which develop during the hospital course are associated with a worse neurological outcome than diffuse injuries. The purpose of this study was to monitor jugular venous oxygen saturation (Sjvo2) during surgery for evacuation of traumatic intracranial mass lesions, to determine ...
Zagardo M T - - 1996
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is commonly associated with an empty sella, caused by herniation of subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid through an absent or patulous diaphragma sellae. We describe the findings in two patients who presented with headache, papilledema, and visual disturbances. Diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension was made on the basis of ...
Schievink W I - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The number of patients with congenital heart disease who survive to adolescence and adulthood continues to increase. We review our experience with noninfectious intracranial aneurysms and cervicocephalic arterial dissections in patients with congenital heart disease, expanding the clinical spectrum of the cerebrovascular abnormalities that may be encountered in this ...
Rowe J G - - 1996
An endovascular approach, embolizing intracranial aneurysms with electrolytically detachable coils, is a new minimally invasive treatment of aneurysms. Reviewing our experience with 13 patients aged 70 years or more, 12 patients were treated successfully. Over an average follow-up period of 8 months, there was only one death which might be ...
Forbes G - - 1996
PURPOSE: To determine the variability in assessment of the principal inherent characteristics of intracranial aneurysms through the evaluation of interobserver variability for material with uniform quality. METHODS: Blinded interpretations of a single set of cerebral arteriograms of 55 aneurysms were evaluated by several statistical approaches. RESULTS: Excellent correlations were found ...
Schievink W I - - 1996
Recent studies have suggested that a deficiency of alpha 1-antitrypsin may be a genetic risk factor for the development of intracranial aneurysms and arterial fibromuscular dysplasia. The authors report a 16-year-old girl with a history of lung disease who suffered a cerebral hemorrhage due to the rupture of a giant ...
Mathieu J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Using a population-based register of the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region (Quebec, Canada), the genealogical reconstruction of 533 individuals with intracranial aneurysm (IA) showed a familial aggregation (the presence of aneurysm in two or more first- to third-degree relatives) for 159 (29.8%) of them; this proportion is much higher than reported elsewhere. ...
Schievink W I - - 1996
Three weeks after an automobile accident, a 35-year-old man experienced left throat and neck pain, numbness of the left face and tongue, dysphagia, left arm pain and weakness, and left miosis. At age 27, he had suffered an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography at that time had also demonstrated a fenestration ...
Caplan L R - - 1996
Diabetes influences brain ischemia in a number of different ways. Diabetes causes and exacerbates macroangiopathies, increases the severity of ischemia, and increases stroke mortality. Unfortunately, few studies have examined in sufficient depth the influence of diabetes on the various vascular lesions that cause brain ischemia. These can be divided into: ...
Limmroth V - - 1996
Whether the primary mechanisms of migraine are vascular or neurogenic is, as yet, unresolved. In humans it is still unclear whether sumatriptan acts via constriction of dilated arteries or through other mechanisms. Doppler sonography is a non-invasive method for measuring blood flow velocities (BFV), an indirect marker of vessel diameter. ...
Belen D - - 1996
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) of intracranial arteries is seen rarely and usually limited to the intrapetrosal internal carotid artery or carotid siphon. The authors report a case with recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage diagnosed angiographically as FMD with extensive involvement of intracranial arteries. Angiography showed large fusiform dilatations and multiple aneurysms along the ...
Humphrey J D - - 1996
It is widely thought that the genesis, expansion, and rupture of intracranial aneurysms are each governed, in part, by mechanical mechanisms, and consequently that continuum mechanics has an important role to play in increasing our understanding of the natural history of these lesions. Mechanical analyses must, of course, be mathematically ...
Schievink W I - - 1996
A deficiency of alpha 1-antitrypsin has been implicated in the development of arterial aneurysms, including intracranial aneurysms. The authors determined the prevalence of alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency of different phenotypes in 100 consecutive patients with intracranial aneurysms and compared the distribution of alpha 1-antitrypsin phenotypes to that in the general population ...
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