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Roll John D - - 2003
We report a case of spontaneous intracranial hypotension that underwent cerebral angiography. The angiogram showed prominence of the veins and venous phase of the angiogram. This is thought to be secondary to decreased intracranial pressure and subsequent dilation of the venous system to attempt to replace the lost intracranial CSF ...
Caird John - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Elevated serum levels of lipoprotein(a), a risk factor for atherosclerosis (AS), are also associated with the presence of asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms. AS is present in some aneurysms, but its contribution to aneurysm formation and growth is unclear. Apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)], the active moiety of lipoprotein(a), is present in atherosclerotic circle ...
Friedman Jonathan A - - 2003
OBJECT: Vascular bypass is performed in neurosurgery for a variety of pathological entities, including extracranial atherosclerotic disease, extra- and intracranial aneurysms, and tumors involving the carotid artery (CA) at the skull base or cervical regions. Creation of an interposition saphenous vein graft (SVG) is the typical method of choice when ...
Ecker Robert D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: A unique case of delayed ischemic deficit after resection of a large intracranial dermoid is presented. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old woman, 36 hours after the uneventful gross total resection of a large intracranial dermoid cyst, slowly developed a progressive mixed aphasia and right hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging ...
Berger C - - 2003
Intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms are frequently treated either by microsurgical clipping of the aneurysm neck, by endovascular coiling of the aneurysm sac or by balloon occlusion of the parent vessel. For some broad-based aneurysms that may not be suitable for any of these options, microsurgical wrapping of the ...
Sungarian Arno - - 2003
Childhood intracranial aneurysms are exceedingly uncommon. Diagnosis of intracranial aneurysms in infancy may be difficult because of their infrequency and confusing clinical presentation. Findings with routine radiographic methods may be misleading and difficult to interpret. We present a case of the rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm in a ...
Palacio Santiago - - 2003
Although vasculopathy is a recognized complication during acute meningitis, to our knowledge, no previous reports have been published of this phenomenon developing months after successful treatment. To report a unique case of a late-developing vasculopathy after pyogenic meningitis in an adult. A 51-year-old woman was seen with severe headache 2 ...
Suh Dae Chul - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical pattern of stroke and the angiographic distribution of cerebral atherosclerosis in the Japanese and Chinese are different from those in whites. Our purpose was to evaluate the location and distribution of severe atherosclerotic stenoses in Korean patients by using cerebral angiography. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed ...
Boet R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We aimed to prospectively assess the usefulness of computer tomographic angiography (CTA) in streamlining the management of symptomatic intracranial aneurysms in a tertiary neurosurgical unit, from admission to surgery. METHODS: We performed a prospective evaluation over a 2-year period of all symptomatic intracranial aneurysms managed according to a standardized ...
Brochert A - - 2003
When intracranial aneurysms are deemed nonclippable, an accepted alternative neurosurgical treatment is to reinforce the aneurysm wall by wrapping or coating it with various materials, including muslin (cotton gauze). Granulomatous or "foreign-body" reactions, sometimes referred to as "muslinomas" or "gauzomas," and adhesive arachnoiditis are known but rare complications. Experience with ...
Patel Aman B - - 2003
The persistent otic artery is a rare remnant of early fetal development that, to our knowledge, has been convincingly documented only once before with angiography. Other persistent vessels such as the trigeminal, hypoglossal, and proatlantal intersegmental arteries have been found to be associated with a variety of vascular anomalies. We ...
Nozar A - - 2002
Summary: Acute subdural haematoma (ASDH) is rarely caused by an aneurysmal rupture. We report four cases of pure acute subdural haematomas caused by ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Aneurysms were localized in the posterior communicating artery in two cases, in the anterior communicating artery in one case and in the middle cerebral ...
Platania N - - 2002
Oculomotor palsy related to the presence of an intracranial aneurysm arising from the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) is a well known and described clinical condition. Recent microanatomical and clinical evidences seem to demonstrate that the pathophysiology of the aneurysm-related III nerve palsy could be interpreted as that of any ...
Mercado Rodrigo - - 2002
Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are found more often in patients with aortic coarctation (AC) than in the general population and aneurysm rupture occurs much earlier in the lives of these patients when there is coexistent AC. The diagnosis of AC is frequently made only after a serious cerebrovascular complication has developed. ...
Nishida Takashi - - 2002
A 59-year-old man with abnormal vascular features (intracranial aneurysm, a cervical arteriovenous shunt, bilateral internal jugular vein occlusions, and left transverse sinus hypoplasia), as well as left optic atrophy was suspected to have familial polycystic kidney disease. The possibility of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease complicated by Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type ...
Kei Olivia C Y - - 2002
Pulmonary arterial and intracranial calcifications are rarely found in children. A female infant, the recipient of a twin-twin transfusion syndrome was found, by ultrasound and computed tomography, to have both pulmonary arterial and intracerebral calcification. A rare condition, termed idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy, is the likely cause. This condition ...
Diehl R R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence of microembolic signals (MES) and hemodynamic features in patients with acute symptomatic intracranial cerebral artery stenoses by transcranial Doppler (TCD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients with acute hemispheric ischemic events and corresponding intracranial cerebral artery stenoses as identified by TCD, and exclusion of extracranial or ...
Engelter Stefan T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) and primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) share several clinical and radiological features. However, digital subtraction angiogram (DSA) is generally reported as normal in CADASIL, whereas lumen irregularities in distal cerebral arteries indicate PACNS. OBJECTIVE: To describe ...
Villablanca J Pablo - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage are due to rupture of small cerebral aneurysms. Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness of helical CT angiography (CTA) in the detection and characterization of very small (<5 mm) intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: One hundred eighty consecutive patients underwent CTA for suspected ...
Imaizumi Shigeki - - 2002
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed silent but rapid growth of a small unruptured intracranial aneurysm until it was surgically treated to prevent rupture. Modern neuroimaging methods such as MRA and 3-dimensional computed tomography have increased opportunity to detect small unruptured cerebral aneurysms. Strict follow up is an option for the ...
Newell David W - - 2002
The use of a microanastomotic device for direct connection of intracranial vessels can be helpful to facilitate removal of distally located middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. The authors report on two patients who presented for treatment with large aneurysms distally located on the MCA. The aneurysms were completely excised and ...
Jafar Jafar J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms is a challenge because of the limitations and difficulty of direct surgical clipping and endovascular coiling. We describe the indications, surgical technique, and complications of saphenous vein extracranial-to-intracranial bypass grafting followed by acute parent vessel occlusion in the management of these difficult lesions. ...
Komiyama M - - 2002
Two patients who developed subarachnoid haemorrhage are presented. The first patient was a 41-year-old woman whose angiograms showed right extracranial vertebral artery (VA) dissection starting at the C2 level extending to the intracranial VA near the VA union. Proximal occlusion of the right VA by the endovascular approach was performed. ...
Liu Benjamin P - - 2002
The authors describe a case of intracranial vascular calcifications that mimicked small saccular aneurysms on CT angiography (CTA). The density of two vascular calcifications was visually similar to that of contrast in the parent vessel, making them indistinguishable from aneurysmal outpouchings. Comparison of the CTA with the non-contrast head CT ...
Ho S S Y - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development of intracranial collateral circulation is associated with a lower risk of stroke. A noninvasive technique that can reliably detect the presence of intracranial collaterals would be a valuable factor in the assessment of risk in patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: Color velocity imaging quantification ...
Furuyama Hideto - - 2002
Coronary abnormalities after Kawasaki disease (KD) may be associated with endothelial dysfunction due to intimal hypertrophy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate myocardial flow reserve (MFR) and endothelial function in regressed aneurysmal regions after KD. Methods and Results- Subjects were 12 patients aged 16.0+/-2.6 years who suffered from ...
Hegde V - - 2002
Dissection of the internal carotid artery usually occurs in the cervical segment, but rarely may involve the artery in the intracranial course (1). The clinical course of intracranial dissection is often catastrophic, with rapid onset of profound neurological deficit, as a result of middle and/or anterior cerebral artery involvement. When ...
Ohkuma Hiroki - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical features of nontraumatic dissecting aneurysms of intracranial carotid circulation remain unclear because investigation of this disease has been limited to case reports. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features of this disease through the use of cooperatively collected cases. METHODS: The cases ...
Horowitz Michael B - - 2002
Beginning in the 1960s, neurosurgeons and radiologists have made attempts to treat intracranial aneurysms using nonclip techniques. The evolution of such therapy has included acrylics, metallic particles, balloons, electric current, and nondetachable and detachable coils. This article will chronologically review these various techniques and the papers that reported their results ...
Steen Stephen N - - 2002
Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm generally has a poor outcome, though perioperative treatments have improved. At the present time, the important factors in the management of intracranial aneurysm surgery appear to be the maintenance of adequate cerebral perfusion pressure and the avoidance of hyperglycemia. Relevant features of the anesthetic management ...
Zhang Y Jonathan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Herein we describe two cases of extracranial-intracranial vein graft bypasses for the treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms in prepubertal pediatric patients. One patient is, we think, the youngest patient reported in the literature to have been successfully treated in such a manner, with a good long-term outcome. ...
Fitoz S - - 2002
We present CT and MR features of a large intracranial lipoma located in the left sphenocavernosal region in a patient with a history of spinal intradural lipoma excision. The lipomatous lesion surrounded the internal carotid artery and trigeminal nerve and extended extracranially into the infratemporal region through a smoothly dilated ...
Gailloud P - - 2002
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography is a new imaging technique allowing for non-invasive evaluation of the intracranial vascular anatomy and cerebral hemodynamics. The recent introduction of echographic contrast agents has significantly increased the sensitivity of TCD for the diagnosis of intracranial vascular lesions. We report a case of giant AComA aneurysm, ...
Hansberg T - - 2002
Proper assessment of intracranial arteries by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) in patients with intracranial stenoses is occasionally made difficult by an insufficient temporal bone window, an unfavourable insonation angle, or low flow velocity or volume. This condition is frequently found in Chinese. In these cases, echocontrast could be helpful. We ...
Ishida F - - 2001
Summary: For evaluation of intracranial cerebral aneurysms, three-dimensional (3D) digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and 3D-computed tomographic angiography (CTA) were demonstrated in fifteen patients. The diagnostic accuracy of preoperative 3D-CTA is equal to that of 3D-DSA except for the case with a dissecting aneurysm. The virtual images of 3D-CTA were well ...
Chen Y L - - 2001
Summary: With the advancement of molecular genetics, the deletion of the TSC2/PKD1 gene at chromosome 16p13.3 has been discovered to be responsible for the tuberous sclerosis complex sharing some of the clinical manifestations of autosomal dominant adult polycystic kidney disease such as multiple renal cysts and intracranial aneurysms. The unruptured ...
Ovadia S - - 2001
A 27-year-old female rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) developed anisocoria. The left pupil was dilated and unresponsive to light. The macaque was euthanized because of unrelated reasons and the body was submitted for necropsy. On gross examination, a berry aneurysm of the right middle cerebral artery causing marked compression of the ...
Lilova M I - - 2001
Intracranial aneurysms (ICA) are a well-known feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. There is only one report about ICA in an adult patient with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). We observed a 2-year, 6-month old girl with ARPKD and multiple ICA. The family history is negative for kidney ...
Tummala R P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Painful oculomotor palsy can result from enlargement or rupture of intracranial aneurysms. The IIIrd cranial nerve dysfunction in this setting, whether partial or complete, is usually fixed or progressive and is sometimes reversible with surgery. We report an unusual oculomotor manifestation of a posterior carotid artery wall ...
D'Armiento F P - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atherosclerosis occurs later and is less extensive in intracranial arteries than in extracranial arteries. However, the mechanisms responsible are poorly understood. A previous study has suggested a better antioxidant protection of intracranial arteries. METHODS: To assess the influence of age on arterial activity of antioxidant enzymes and ...
Conway J E - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) is an autosomal dominant, hereditary, neurocutaneous syndrome purported to be associated with intracranial aneurysms. To study the relationship between NF1 and intracranial aneurysms, we have analyzed all intracranial autopsies of NF1 patients performed at our institution from 1889 to 1999 and analyzed all ...
Turner C L - - 2001
OBJECT: Applanation tonometry is a noninvasive method of assessing both peripheral and central arterial blood pressure (BP) profiles. In this study the authors examine whether there are differences in these profiles in patients with intracranial aneurysms when compared with age-matched controls. METHODS: Carotid artery (CA) and derived aortic BP waveforms ...
Sanden U - - 2001
The use of transcranial duplex sonography in documenting additional findings by measuring vasospasm and visualising aneurysms in neurosurgical patients is described. Daily measurement of vasospasm using this method enables reassessment of the status of the lesion in the context of the patient's clinical condition. This offers a practical alternative to ...
Sprecher W - - 2001
Here we report about a 35-year-old electrical engineer who was found dead in his study. Postmortem examination revealed that death resulted because of subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage caused by the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm. Right hand and left cheek revealed electrical marks with metallizations on skin, an electric shock ...
Kovoor J M - - 2001
Infective intracranial aneurysms are relatively uncommon. They develop due to septic embolisation of the vasa vasorum or lumen of the artery, with resultant focal arteritis and necrosis, leading to aneurysm formation. They are an important cause for intracranial haemorrhage. Six cases of infective aneurysms are described. A focus of infection ...
Vates G E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Perimedullary arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) do not commonly present with subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracranial venous drainage causing neurological symptoms. We present a case with both of these features. The patient was inadvertently treated for an unruptured intracranial aneurysm before his true problem was recognized. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old ...
Spierings E L - - 2001
Dilation and inflammation of cephalic arteries and intracranial extra cerebral arteries cause the migraine headache. The migraine-associated symptoms result from the activation of the sympathetic nervous system caused by the pain. The migraine aura is caused by the neurophysiological phenomenon of spreading excitation/depression. The various mechanisms are tied together in ...
Frisby J - - 2001
A patient is described with a vertebrobasilar aneurysm who was erroneously thought to have myasthenia gravis on the basis of the clinical presentation and investigations, which were interpreted as supportive of a disorder of the neuromuscular junction. Despite the correct diagnosis being made at a late stage the patient made ...
Adams H P HP - - 2001
In 1985, the International Study of Extracranial-to-Intracranial Arterial Anastomosis demonstrated no benefit from extracranial-to-intracranial arterial bypass operations in treatment of patients with extensive cerebrovascular disease including those with occlusions of the internal carotid artery. Interest in the potential use of extracranial-to-intracranial arterial bypass operations, however, has been rekindled by evidence ...
Javedan S P - - 2001
Cerebral revascularization offers an important adjunct to parent-vessel ligation in the treatment of large and otherwise inaccessible intracranial aneurysms. Good or excellent outcomes can be expected in approximately 80% of patients. Poor outcomes and ischemic complications were highest in posterior circulation lesions. Cranial neuropathies from mass effect associated with giant ...
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