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Jondeau Guillaume G aService de Cardiologie bDepartement de Genetique Moléculaire, Centre National de Référence pour le Syndrome de Marfan et apparentes, INSERM LVTS U1148, Faculté Paris Diderot, AP-HP Hopital Bichat, Paris, - - 2014
A lot of new data have been obtained in familial thoracic aortic aneurysms, including description of new entities and better understanding of pathophysiology. The aim of this review is to put them in perspective. The new data have been collected, put together, and allowed a new classification scheme to be ...
Yoshitani Kazuyasu K Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki Hospital, Hyogo, - - 2014
A 70-year-old man was referred for treatment of symptomatic persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). The duration of the AF was almost 6 months. He had a history of familial hyperlipidemia and had undergone coronary bypass graft surgery 20 years prior. The patient was deeply sedated and the catheter ablation was performed ...
Oktay A Af┼čin AA Department of Internal Medicine, Presence Saint Francis Hospital, Evanston, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Riata family of defibrillator leads (St. Jude Medical, Sylmar, CA) has been recalled because of externalization of conductor cables and increased electrical failure. We describe the case of a man with an incidental finding of extreme externalization of a conductor from the right ventricular defibrillator lead (Riata family) with ...
Barros Marcos Aurélio Lima MA Marcor Clinic, Maximum Body Care and Recovery, Avenida Presidente Vargas 811, 64200-200 Parnaíba, PI, - - 2014
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the blood. In its heterozygous form, it occurs in 1 in 500 individuals in the general population. It is an important contributor to the early onset of coronary artery disease (CAD), accounting for 5-10% ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pravastatin can reduce atherosclerotic progression in patients after coronary artery bypass graft. However, it is unknown whether pravastatin has a direct effect on intimal hyperplasia of grafted vessels in vivo or what the underlying mechanisms may be. In this study, a murine vein graft model was applied to deal ...
Xing Ai-Ping - - 2012
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is a severe disease characterized with progressive increase of pulmonary vascular resistance that finally causes right ventricular failure and premature death. Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major factor of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) that can lead to PAH. However, the mechanism of CS-induced PAH is ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) is known to play an important role in chronic pulmonary hypertension. Accumulating evidence for its down-stream participants in the vasoconstriction and remodeling processes of pulmonary arteries, while how hypoxia regulates 15-LO/15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) to mediate hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is still unknown. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is an important ...
Inoue Nobuyuki - - 2012
A bridging bronchus (BB) is a rare congenital heart anomaly. Frequently, BB also is complicated with congenital cardiac malformation, especially with sling (retrotracheal) left pulmonary artery (SLPA). This report presents a patient who underwent a Norwood procedure for a complex congenital heart disease with BB and SLPA.
Meinecke Anna-Katharina - - 2012
Pulmonary Fibrosis is a progressive disease with unknown etiology that is characterized by extensive remodeling of the lung parenchyma, ultimately resulting in respiratory failure. Lymphatic vessels have been implicated with the development of pulmonary fibrosis, but the role of the lymphatic vasculature in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis remains enigmatic. ...
Tan Xun - - 2012
Medial hypertrophy of pulmonary arterioles during pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in humans is associated with enhanced proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Elevated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 has been found in pulmonary artery SMCs (PA-SMCs) in humans with idiopathic PAH, leading to the hypothesis that MMP-2 contributes to the proliferation and ...
Archer R M - - 2012
A 3-month-old female Warmblood foal was presented after displaying signs of colic with pyrexia for 5 days. The foal continued to show signs of colic, frequently passed urine, and was pyrexic with an elevated white blood cell count. The umbilical stalk was thickened but there was no evidence of purulent ...
Dammanahalli K Jagadeesha - - 2012
The pantetheinase vanin-1 generates cysteamine, which inhibits reduced glutathione (GSH) synthesis. Vanin-1 promotes inflammation and tissue injury partly by inducing oxidative stress, and partly by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) expression. Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) contribute to neointimal hyperplasia in response to injury, by multiple mechanisms including modulation of ...
Zavanone Chiara - - 2011
Physicians have been increasingly relying on noninvasive imaging methods to grade carotid stenosis. The accuracy of Doppler ultrasound (DUS) and CT angiography (CTA) versus intra-arterial angiography (IA) has been assessed in many studies and at least two meta-analyses. Here, we performed a systematic review of studies that compared DUS to ...
Soliman Osama I I - - 2011
Nonsurgical management of patients with symptomatic mitral valve stenosis has been established as the therapeutic modality of choice for two decades. Catheter-based balloon dilation of the stenotic valvular area has been shown, at least, as effective as surgical interventions. Unfavorable results of catheter-based interventions are largely due to unfavorable morphology ...
Dudiy Y - - 2011
Over the last decade a multitude of transcatheter technologies, many of them based on surgical mitral repair techniques, are being developed. This manuscript describes some of these technologies based on their mechanism of action.
Sharma Bharat Bhushan - - 2011
The burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has increased recently in developing countries. On the other hand, structured or non-structured rehabilitation services for COPD patients are not routinely available in these countries. We, therefore, planned this review to re-emphasize the emerging benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD population. Aim ...
Lee Seokkee - - 2011
A 39-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to a pulsatile mass on her right inner thigh that was evident for two months. She did not exhibit any risk factors of atherosclerosis, no evidence of vasculitis, or any signs of previous trauma history. Ultrasound and computed tomography revealed an ...
Bashir Mustafa R - - 2011
To assess whether a scan triggering technique based on the slope of the time-attenuation curve combined with table speed optimization may improve arterial enhancement in aortic CT angiography compared to conventional threshold-based triggering techniques. Measurements of arterial enhancement were performed in a physiologic flow phantom over a range of simulated ...
Romaguera Rafael - - 2011
Covered stents have shown discouraging results when tested on saphenous vein grafts and when attempting to prevent restenosis on native coronary arteries. However, covered stents seem to be a unique tool when a coronary artery perforation complicates percutaneous coronary intervention. Because a randomized clinical trial is not likely to be ...
Siddiqui Tariq Saeed - - 2011
Bronchial atresia and anomalous superior pulmonary venous return into the left brachiocephalic vein are unusual anomalies. We present a young asymptomatic man in whom these two distinct anomalies were co-existingly found on routine medical examination. Patient was diagnosed as a case of congenital bronchial atresia with partial anomalous pulmonary venous ...
Ambrosin N - - 2011
Pulmonary rehabilitation is a relatively recent practice in pulmonary medicine which is classically described as a multidisciplinary program of care for patients with chronic respiratory impairment. There is solid evidence of effectiveness for the pulmonary rehabilitation and, with lower level of evidence, for some of its specific components. There is ...
Frullini Alessandro - - 2011
BACKGROUND What little research has been done on methods of venous valve function recovery with radiofrequency has had disappointing results. Valvuloplasty has some supporters, but the majority of physicians do not consider it a valid therapeutic option. OBJECTIVE To test a new method of treating varicose veins based on their ...
Young Kate C - - 2011
Carotid atheromatous disease is an important cause of stroke. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a well-established option for reducing the risk of subsequent stroke due to symptomatic stenosis (> 50%). With adequately low perioperative risk (< 3%) and sufficient life expectancy, CEA may be used for asymptomatic stenosis (> 60%). Recently, ...
Ljubkovic Marko - - 2011
: During SCUBA diving, breathing at increased pressure leads to a greater tissue gas uptake. During ascent, tissues may become supersaturated, and the gas is released in the form of bubbles that typically occur on the venous side of circulation. These venous gas emboli (VGE) are usually eliminated as they ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2011
During the past decade, there has been a dramatic resurgence in the adoption of off-pump technology in coronary artery bypass surgery. This has inspired remarkable advances in the techniques of localized tissue stabilization and a greater understanding of the physiology of beating-heart mobilization and exposure. An avalanche of reports in ...
Mousa Albeir Y - - 2011
An 80-year-old Caucasian female with a symptomatic pararenal aortic aneurysm (AAA) presented with severe abdominal pain radiating to the back, which was associated with a significantly tender pulsating abdominal mass. The patient was deemed unfit for open repair, secondary to her significant multiple comorbidities. Her preoperative computed tomography (CT) angiography ...
Rajagopala Srinivas - - 2011
The differential diagnosis of pulmonary cavitation is broad and the most common causes include infection and malignancy. Pulmonary thromboembolism is a common problem worldwide, with an estimated 650,000 cases in the United States annually. Pulmonary embolism does not usually lead to cavitation, given the dual blood supply of the lung; ...
Vann Richard D - - 2011
Decompression illness is caused by intravascular or extravascular bubbles that are formed as a result of reduction in environmental pressure (decompression). The term covers both arterial gas embolism, in which alveolar gas or venous gas emboli (via cardiac shunts or via pulmonary vessels) are introduced into the arterial circulation, and ...
Rhee Hak Young - - 2011
A 62-year-old man with lung cancer underwent a right lower bilobectomy of the lung. After resection, we insufflated air through the diaphragm into the peritoneal cavity, and sudden cardiac arrest developed in the patient. A large number of air bubbles were aspirated from the heart and great vessels, and the ...
Sverdlov Aaron L - - 2011
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the commonest form of valvular heart disease in the Western world. Its prevalence increases exponentially with age and it is present in 2-7% of all patients over 65 years of age. In view of the considerable cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated not only with AS, ...
Cirocchi Roberto - - 2011
In anterior resection of rectum, the section level of inferior mesenteric artery is still subject of controversy between the advocates of high and low tie. The low tie is the division and ligation to the branching of the left colic artery and the high tie is the division and ligation ...
McCarthy Karen P - - 2010
Imaging the mitral valve requires an understanding of the normal anatomy and how this complex structure is altered by disease states. Mitral regurgitation is increasingly prevalent. Despite the fall in rheumatic disease, it is the second most common valvular lesion seen in adults in Europe. In this review, the morphology ...
Shanks Miriam - - 2010
Advances in the minimally invasive mitral valve repair techniques increase the demands on accurate and reliable morphologic assessment of the mitral valve using three-dimensional imaging modalities. The present study compared mitral valve geometry measurements obtained by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to those obtained with multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) used ...
Bolling Steven F - - 2010
Mitral valve repair is acknowledged as desirable and superior to replacement for virtually all mitral pathology. Utilizing The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (ACSD), a multivariable model was created that included patient clinical characteristics and surgeon-specific mitral volume to predict the likelihood of mitral valve repair. ...
Song Seunghwan - - 2010
Mitral stenosis after mitral repair with using an annuloplasty ring is not common and it is almost always due to pannus formation. Mitral valve replacement was required in most of the previous cases of pannus covering the mitral valve leaflet, which could not be stripped off without damaging the valve ...
Murphy Michael O - - 2011
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting and mitral intervention for moderate to severe ischaemic mitral regurgitation are best treated with mitral repair or replacement. Five hundred and fifty papers were found using the reported search. ...
Maréchaux Sylvestre - - 2010
Native double-orifice mitral valve is an exceedingly rare valvular abnormality. A 77-year-old patient was referred for a severe mitral regurgitation, and a double-orifice mitral valve with a central fibrous bridge was unexpectedly found. A flail anterior leaflet with 2 ruptured chordae was observed on the anterolateral mitral valve orifice, the ...
Tewari Satyendra - - 2010
The mitral valve aneurysm is a rare disease that is usually induced by infective endocarditis. While the mechanism of the development of this lesion is unclear, complications such as perforation can occur and lead to significant mitral regurgitation. We describe a patient presented with ruptured aneurysm of anterior mitral leaflet ...
Pawlaczyk Rafal - - 2010
A 55-year-old woman underwent elective mitral valve replacement due to severe rheumatic mitral valve stenosis. After valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis, the patient failed to wean from the cardiopulmonary bypass. An aortotomy was performed and thrombotic embolic material was removed from the left coronary ostia with a Fogarty catheter ...
Da Col Uberto - - 2010
Previous studies described single components of the mitral valve, but somewhat lacked the spatial analysis of their relationship. Moreover, further information is necessary regarding reconstructive surgery. The current work aimed at in-depth analysis of the anatomy of the posterior mitral leaflet (PML) and its changes due to degenerative disease, completing ...
Daneshmand Mani A MA Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2010
Previous studies suggest that mitral valve replacement is comparable to repair in the elderly, and a national trend exists toward tissue valves. However, few direct comparison data are available, and this study evaluated the effects of patient age on risk-adjusted survival after mitral procedures. From 1986 to 2006, 2,064 patients ...
Park Byungjoon - - 2011
Both anterior and posterior chordae of the mitral valve are occasionally spared during mitral valve surgery to preserve left ventricular function. In this report, a 43-year-old woman who had undergone mitral valve replacement surgery with anterior and posterior chordal preservation 9 years ago subsequently had mitral valve pannus and anterior ...
de Weger Arend - - 2011
The trans-catheter valve-in-valve concept has become a feasible therapeutic option for patients with failing degenerated bioprosthesis, who are deemed inoperable. However, little is known about the feasibility of this technique in failed valve annuloplasty. We report the first-in-man implantation of a trans-catheter aortic valve within a mitral annuloplasty ring. Through ...
Rajila Rajendran Hannah Sugirthabai - - 2011
Objective: We compare the mitral valve annular dimension in relation to the body surface area of the Indian population as against the standard values. Methods: The study was conducted between September 2004 and February 2006 on 406 subjects, out of which 252 were males and 154 were females. A spatially ...
Abe Tomonobu - - 2010
We present a case of severe hemolysis following a mitral valve repair, which was successfully treated by removing the annuloplasty ring. The etiology of the hemolysis appeared to be a small regurgitant jet at the level of the annuloplasty ring.
Drews Thorsten - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a new method for treatment of very high-risk patients with aortic valve stenosis. Especially in patients who have had previous cardiac surgery, the operative risk can be reduced. Nevertheless, this new procedure has some potential risks in patients with previous mitral valve surgery, owing to ...
Najib Mohammad Q - - 2011
In most cases, acute mitral valve regurgitation in the setting of infective endocarditis is caused by the destruction of either the mitral valve leaflets or the chordal apparatus. A 54-year-old woman had development of respiratory failure due to pulmonary oedema from severe acute mitral valve regurgitation in the setting of ...
Hosseini Morteza Tavakkoli - - 2010
We present a case of a transaortic mitral valve repair in double valve infective endocarditis. Through a conventional oblique aortotomy, the aneurysmal part of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve was excised, an artificial neo chorda was implanted, and the aortic valve was replaced. 
Ciobanu A - - 2011
Mitral valve repair for significant mitral regurgitation (MR) is preferred to valve replacement, whenever feasible. Freedom from re-operation is high, reaching 92% at 15 years. However, high-risk patients develop more complications and may be refused surgery. The results from the Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study (EVEREST) II showed they might ...
Pedrazzini Giovanni B - - 2011
Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair can be performed safely, and reductions in mitral regurgitation can be achieved in a significant proportion of patients. However, complications can arise in a minority of patients. The authors report three cases in which complications of percutaneous mitral valve repair were documented by real-time three-dimensional ...
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