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Results 251 - 300 of 1683
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Fukamachi Kiyotaka - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of our innovative, replaceable heart valves that can be easily detached from the sewing ring at the time of repeat replacement. The prototype devices consist of the base magnet ring assembly and the valve magnet ring assembly that utilize magnetic ...
George Jon C - - 2008
A 76-year-old male was admitted with increasing fatigue and shortness of breath. Transesophageal echocardiogram revealed moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation and an oscillating mass on the pulmonic valve that was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The patient underwent repair of the mitral valve and excision of the pulmonic valve mass, which was ...
Goksel Onur S - - 2008
Extensive calcification of mitral apparatus may preclude optimal valve repair, thus requiring debridement. We performed mitral valve replacement in a 55-year-old woman with a modified bileaflet preservation technique to avoid complications related to extensive debridement. Posterior transposition of the anterior leaflet as a buttress over the posterior ventricular wall provided ...
Demirsoy E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Hemolytic anemia is known to be a rare complication after the prosthetic replacement of the mitral valve, especially in the presence of perivalvular leaks, and even more rarely after mitral valve repair. Following repair, certain distinct patterns of the regurgitant flow disturbances associated with ...
Strauch Justus T - - 2008
We report a rare case of a patient diagnosed with mitral insufficiency grade III 12 years after mechanical aortic valve replacement. Transesophageal echocardiography described an eccentric mitral regurgitation-type systolic jet with color flow evidence of communication between left ventricle and atrium. Surgical intervention showed a circular defect in the mitral-aortic ...
Kuppahally Suman S - - 2008
A novel multiplanar reformatting (MPR) technique in three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D TTE) was used to precisely localize the prolapsed lateral segment of posterior mitral valve leaflet in a patient symptomatic with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) before undergoing mitral valve repair surgery. Transesophageal echocardiography was avoided ...
Curtis Stephanie L - - 2008
A 31-year-old primigravida had a 27-mm CarboMedics mitral valve implanted previously for mitral regurgitation. The patient had decided to take low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and aspirin throughout her pregnancy. Monthly echocardiography and anti-Factor Xa levels were satisfactory. She presented at 36 weeks' gestation with 24 h of exertional dyspnea, and was ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2008
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is associated with high prevalence of stroke and systemic embolisation. A 53-year-old man had mitral valve thrombus and PFO diagnosed by echocardiography, in addition to carotid artery stenosis and embolic events including transient ischemia attack, retinal artery occlusion and left kidney infarct. Surgical removal of the ...
Redmond Jerald - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The long-term outcomes of mitral valve repairs are enhanced with an annuloplasty device. Although, in general, semirigid and rigid annuloplasty devices remodel the shape of the mitral valve annulus, the effect of geometric alteration on annular motion has not been fully assessed. Hence, the ...
Da Col U - - 2008
'Chordal cutting' is a recently proposed surgical option for the treatment of functional mitral regurgitation due to leaflet tethering. With this technique the surgeon sections second order chordae, restores leaflet's convexity towards the left atrium and eliminates mitral incompetence. Preoperative assessment of tethering mechanism, degree of leaflet distortion, surface of ...
Sharifkazemi Mohammad Bagher - - 2008
The patient was a 61-year-old woman brought to our hospital due to dyspnea and lower extremity swelling in shock state three weeks after mitral valve replacement due to rheumatic mitral regurgitation. Cardiothoracic examination revealed bilateral diffuse rales, metallic first heart sound and a loud holo systolic murmur in apex with ...
Massaccesi Simone - - 2008
Accessory mitral valve tissue is an uncommon finding, usually associated with other congenital cardiac malformations and diagnosed during childhood. We present the case of a 70-year-old patient referred to our hospital for aortic valve and ascending aorta replacement. At preoperative examination, no evidence of mitral valve structural abnormalities was detected. ...
Omae Takeshi - - 2008
Here, we describe three patients with severe hemodynamic instability after mitral valve annuloplasty (MVP) who were treated successfully using a new ultra-short-acting beta-blocker, landiolol hydrochloride. When systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve occurs after MVP, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and mitral regurgitation (MR) often lead to ...
Ishikawa Norihiko - - 2008
A customized transthoracic atrial retractor was previously developed for robotic and minimally invasive mitral valve surgery, but it has sometimes failed to provide sufficient exposure of the mitral valve because some atrial tissues push away the operative field from the right side. This report describes 3 new atrial side retractors ...
Sade Leyla Elif - - 2008
A patient with a prosthetic mitral valve presented with dyspnea, a new murmur and anemia. Real time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography revealed a large valvular dehiscence that spanned approximately 50% of the circumference of the valve ring. By transesophageal echocardiography the paravalvular leak was mapped between 60 and 180 degrees that ...
Moaref Ali Reza - - 2008
A 25-year-old woman was admitted to the neurology department because of sudden onset of weakness of her left upper and lower extremities. Cardiac auscultation revealed an extra sound. Transesophageal echocardiography showed a huge mobile fleshy mass on the atrial side of anterior mitral leaflet protruding into the left ventricle during ...
Ivens Emma L - - 2008
Prosthetic aortic valve and conduit dehiscence with periconduit cavity and ascending aortic aneurysm is an uncommon complication of aortic root surgery. It is usually recognizable at echocardiography due to an abnormal position of the prosthetic valve and conduit in relation to the native aortic annulus in conjunction with an abnormal ...
Walls Michael C - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Recently published data suggest that prosthesis-patient mismatch is common after mitral valve replacement (MVR), and manifests as persistent pulmonary hypertension. The study aim was to determine the prevalence and severity of pulmonary hypertension after mitral valve surgery, including mitral valve repair, and to determine ...
Silver Eric S - - 2008
We report a case of an infant who developed transient complete heart block following aortic and mitral valve surgery. In the course of his recovery, he developed a variable morphology wide complex rhythm with intermittent narrow complex beats. Review of his initial postoperative electrocardiogram (ECG), which demonstrated a right bundle ...
Takayama Tomoyuki - - 2008
The perforation of a mitral valve aneurysm is a rare disease which induces acute mitral regurgitation and is usually induced by infective endocarditis; however, in this case report, acute heart failure was caused by a perforated mitral valve aneurysm that was speculated to be due to Libman-Sacks endocarditis with systemic ...
Kamikado Chiaki - - 2008
We describe a case of pulmonary gas embolism caused by portal vein gas (PVG) observed using echocardiography. Echography revealed gas flowing through the hepatic vein, inferior vena cava, right atrium, and right ventricle, as well as pulmonary hypertension. The patient was diagnosed as having pulmonary gas embolism caused by PVG. ...
Ghersin E - - 2007
A 72-year-old man with previous mitral valve replacement and single coronary bypass surgery was diagnosed with recurrent candida endocarditis by transoesophageal echocardiography and positive blood cultures. Preoperative electrocardiogram-gated multidetector CT (MDCT) was ordered to evaluate the patency and course of the mammary graft. In addition to verifying graft patency, MDCT ...
Delling Francesca N - - 2007
Relief of obstruction using ventricular septal ablation (VSA) may not eliminate systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve and mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The hypothesis was that persistent SAM after VSA was secondary to anterior papillary muscle displacement and malcoaptation of mitral valve leaflets ...
Matsuyama Katsuhiko - - 2007
We report the case of a 61-year-old man with prosthetic valve endocarditis after both aortic valve replacement and mitral annuloplasty. Necrotic tissue and dehiscence of the suture line in the aortic annulus were found, and the infection extended to the anterior portion of the mitral prosthetic ring. The autologous pericardial ...
Thankachen Roy - - 2007
A 25-year-old man with factor IX deficiency had an aortic and mitral valve replacement using a 2M Starr Edwards valve in the mitral position and a 22 Medtronic valve in the aortic position under cover of factor IX concentrate. The surgical procedure and the immediate postoperative period were uneventful except ...
Iglesias Ivan - - 2007
Intraoperative assessment of the mitral valve (MV) in patients undergoing repair for MV regurgitation is a valuable support for the cardiac surgical team; results can be favored by adequate assessment tailored to the main condition affecting the MV. This article will review current available data for assessment of the MV ...
Nef Holger M - - 2009
Severe emotional or physical stress precedes Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) which is characterized by transient left ventricular impairment in absence of coronary artery disease. In this case we report from a female patient presenting with characteristic features of TTC after examination of upper gastrointestinal. Additionally, severe mitral regurgitation due to acute ...
Yoshikai Masaru - - 2007
Herein is described a rare case of anomalous papillary muscle (APM) insertion which caused severe mitral regurgitation (MR). In this case, the anterolateral papillary muscle inserted directly into the left ventricular surface of the anterior mitral leaflet (AML), without an intervening chorda. The APM pulled the AML down towards the ...
Yosefy Chaim - - 2007
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a defect in the mitral valve where a redundancy of valve tissue is associated with a variety of clinical expressions, ranging from an isolated mild bulging of the mitral valve to a severe prolapse of the mitral valve with extensive mitral regurgitation. As the natural ...
Yoshikai Masaru - - 2007
We herein describe a surgical technique in a mitral valve replacement for a hemodialysis patient presenting with mitral valve stenosis and severe mitral annular calcification. Mitral annular calcification extending to the left ventricular myocardium was resected using a cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) to make a flat plane from the ...
Khan Omar A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Since April 2002, collection and publication of surgeon-specific data in adult cardiac surgery has become mandatory in the UK. It has been suggested that this may discourage consultants from allowing trainees to perform cases. The aim of this study was to attempt to analyse the effect of the introduction ...
Matsuu Aya - - 2007
An eleven-year-old female Japanese mongrel cat was referred to the Tottori University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for assessment of acute paresis and dyspnea. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed a hydropericardium. The mitral valve leaflets were thickened, the separation of the right and left leaflets was not complete. Treatments with intravenous fluids of lactate ...
Moaref Ali Reza - - 2008
A 51-year-old woman with severe rheumatic mitral stenosis underwent mitral valve replacement. One week later, she was admitted with abdominal pain and lower extremities edema. On physical examination, her blood pressure was 120/60 mm Hg and holosystolic murmur (3/6) was heard at the left sternal border. Transesophageal echocardiography was done ...
Sersar Sameh I - - 2008
We report a 9 year old boy who presented late with cyanosis as a case of dextro-transposition of great arteries, intact ventricular septum and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (D-TGA/IVS/LVOTO). Arterial switch operation (ASO) with resection of sub-neo aortic membrane and repair of mitral valve were done for the naturally ...
Okeahialam Basil N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Double orifice mitral valve is rarely reported; and no report of it was encountered in medical literature from Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To document the existence of double orifice mitral valve co-existing with situs in versus in our environment. METHODS: Two young men who were initially diagnosed as cases of rheumatic ...
Ender Joerg - - 2008
A 43-year-old male patient undergoing mitral valve repair because of severe mitral regurgitation as a result of P2 prolapse was treated with insertion of neochords and a 36 Carpentier-Edwards physio-ring. After weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, S-T elevation in leads II, III, and aVF occurred. On transesophageal echocardiography an occlusion or ...
Shibata Toshihiko - - 2007
We hereby present our technique for using the self-retaining flexible arm retractor and its attachments for mitral valve exposure. The Aortic Valve Assistant, which was developed for aortic valve exposure, is also very useful for exposure of the inferior wall of the left atrium. Our modified atrial hook provides excellent ...
Sirivella Srikrishna - - 2007
Combined coronary bypass grafting and valve procedures for mitral valve regurgitation result in poor outcomes, but the impact of the etiology of valve regurgitation on operative and long-term outcomes is not well defined. A retrospective analysis of 468 patients who had combined coronary bypass grafting and valve operations for mitral ...
Anderson Yvonne - - 2008
AIMS: Description of the presentation and management of cases of fulminant mitral regurgitation in acute rheumatic fever (ARF). METHODS: Retrospective case series of 4 children, aged 6-10 years, presenting in acute pulmonary oedema because of rupture of elongation of the chordae tendinae of the mitral valve leading to flail leaflets ...
von Lueder Thomas - - 2007
This report describes a patient with a perihilar mass and mediastinal lymphadenopathy mimicking advanced lung cancer. The patient, a 45-year old regular smoker, was admitted to hospital for dyspnea and tachyarrhythmia, and during hospitalization he was diagnosed with severe rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (MVS) and aortic regurgitation as well as ...
McNinch Robert W - - 2007
Chest x-ray remains a critical investigation in patients who present with shortness of breath. We report a 60-year-old man who presented with shortness of breath, haemoptysis and respiratory failure, a raised white cell count, and right upper-and mid-zone infiltrates on chest x-ray. He developed progressive multiple organ failure despite aggressive ...
Gillinov A Marc - - 2007
With the advent of minimally invasive mitral valve surgery, transeptal exposure of the mitral valve has become increasingly popular. While this approach provides excellent exposure of the mitral valve, it necessitates development of novel strategies for concomitant ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation. We describe a technique for creation of ...
Zandi Soodabeh - - 2007
Two siblings (a 24-year-old woman and a 14-year-old girl) with congenital woolly hair, epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma, and mitral valve regurgitation are described. An interesting additional feature in one of the patients (the 14-year-old girl) was posterior subcapsular cataract. The association of woolly hair and mitral valve regurgitation has not been ...
Bajaj Madhuri - - 2008
A 61-year-old man presented 9 months after bioprosthetic mitral valve implantation with progressive exertional dyspnea. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed severe mitral stenosis with diffuse leaflet thickening but no calcification. Subsequent pathologic examination of the valve demonstrated infiltrating fibroconnective tissue and chronic inflammation. Careful echocardiographic follow-up of this valve type may be ...
Caspi Joseph - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Early establishment of a two-coronary artery system has become the standard surgical approach in patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Improved surgical outcome is related to better perioperative management and surgical techniques. The need for mitral valve repair is still controversial, however. ...
Smith J Michael - - 2007
PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the feasibility of totally endoscopic robotic mitral valve surgery using a novel atrial retractor manipulated by a fourth arm da Vinci surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc, Sunnyvale, CA). DESCRIPTION: Eighteen patients with mitral valve disease underwent totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery using the retractor. ...
Shanmugam Ganesh - - 2007
Cardiac mesenchymoma is a rare malignancy with a dismal prognosis. We present a case of left atrial mesenchymoma, obstructing the mitral orifice. An emergent tumor resection with mitral valve replacement was performed. Few reports deal with emergency resection of cardiac malignancies with mitral valve replacement. Surgery is the only effective ...
Fundarò Pino - - 2007
Prosthetic ring annuloplasty is considered the gold standard technique for mitral valve repair, but it has been associated with some drawbacks. Suture annuloplasty is less expensive and may have some physiopathologic advantages. We reviewed the literature to assess clinical results of mitral suture annuloplasty. Thirteen series, each reporting more than ...
Sai Krishna Cheemalapati - - 2007
Annular sub-mitral aneurysms are rare lesions of varied etiology. A sub-mitral membranous curtain may be a potential area of weakness through which these lesions expand. Initially described in young males of African origin and reported from varying geographical areas, these lesions arise from the atrioventricular groove in close relation to ...
Park Mi Young - - 2007
A papillary fibroelastoma is rare, but it is the most common primary tumor of the cardiac valves. Most papillary fibroelastomas affect the left-sided heart valves, such as the aortic and mitral valves; however, they also rarely affect the pulmonary valve. Generally, surgical removal is strongly recommended to prevent its potential ...
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