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Results 451 - 500 of 1679
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Nakajima Masato - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Leaflet folding plasty was introduced for avoiding systolic anterior motion and coronary artery injury after mitral valve repair. We report the application and early outcome of this technique for mitral valve regurgitation. METHODS: From January 1997 to January 2004, 16 patients with mitral valve regurgitation were operated on using ...
Dogan Omer Faruk - - 2005
Double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an uncommon congenital heart defect. The isolated occurrence of this anomaly is very rare and, more often, is associated with another congenital malformation, dominated by atrioventricular canal defects (AVCD). Mitral insufficiency and/or stenosis may complicate this malformation. Treatment may be summarized as abstention, surgical ...
Yilmaz Ahmet Turan - - 2005
During mitral valve replacement, total chordae preservation is very important for left ventricular functions. But leaving anterior leaflet and chordae may cause serious complications, such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and impairment in prosthetic valve functions. In this article, we present the anterior leaflet preservation technique by excising the ...
Popescu Bogdan A - - 2005
Subaortic stenosis caused by an accessory mitral valve is an exceedingly rare finding. We report the case of an asymptomatic 14-year-old patient, in whom transthoracic echocardiography revealed an accessory mitral valve in the left ventricular outflow tract, producing mild subaortic stenosis. Except for an aneurysm of the interventricular septum, with ...
Privitera Salvatore - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We present the clinical and pathological findings of a patient who underwent mitral valve repair, with synthetic chordae, for rheumatic disease 13 years earlier. METHODS: Echocardiographic, pathologic, and histologic examination of a previously repaired mitral valve using artificial chordae tendinae. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Extensive fibrosis and thickening, ...
Sternik Leonid - - 2005
Factors predisposing patients to systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (SAM) with left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction after mitral valve repair are the presence of a myxomatous mitral valve with redundant leaflets, a nondilated hyperdynamic left ventricle, and a short distance between the mitral valve coaptation point and ...
Barth Peter J - - 2005
We investigated a total of 15 mitral valves with myxomatous degeneration and compared these with normal mitral valves. In normal mitral valves, stromal cells located in the fibrosa and spongiosa showed small bipolar cytoplasmic processes and were found to be positive for CD34, suggesting a close relationship to CD34+ fibrocytes. ...
Reade Clifton C - - 2005
Historically, contraindications to minimally invasive or robotic mitral valve surgery have included prior mastectomy, thoracic reconstruction, or chest radiation. However, we believe that by granting flexibility in the choice of skin incision site while performing careful dissection, surgeons can provide these patients the outstanding results afforded by a minithoracotomy. We ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2005
A 20-year-old man was admitted to hospital because of general fatigue during exercise. He had had a heart murmur since the age of 6 years. Echocardiography showed severe mitral regurgitation (MR, IV), probably caused by an anterior leaflet cleft or tendon rupture. During surgery, a cleft measuring 9 mm in ...
Atik Fernando A - - 2005
A 52-year-old non-insulin-dependent diabetic man presented with cerebral emboli and mitral valve endocarditis with posterior leaflet vegetations and perforation. Surgical intervention demonstrated hemorrhagic pericarditis and an atrioventricular groove abscess. Extensive debridement of the pericardium, valve and abscess cavities, reconstruction of the mitral annulus with a patch of fresh autologous pericardium, ...
Otsuka Ryo - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using high-intensity focused ultrasound (US), or HIFU, to create lesions in cardiac valves in vitro. Calf mitral valves and aortic valves were examined. Focused US energy was applied with an operating frequency of 4.67 MHz at a nominal acoustic ...
de Feiter P W - - 2005
We present a 49-y-old male, with a history of Marfan's disease and aortic and mitral valve replacement surgery, who was operated for a type III thoracoabdominal aneurysm. The postoperative course was compromised by a Staphylococcus epidermidis mitral valve endocarditis, which was successfully treated only after intravenous linezolid was included in ...
Ishikawa Kazunori - - 2005
A 55-year-old man was admitted to another hospital because of dry cough and dyspnea that rapidly worsened before admission. Chest computed tomography revealed a low-density mass that nearly obstructed the main pulmonary arterial trunk. Pulmonary thromboembolism was suspected and treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis therapy. Despite optimal thrombolysis and anticoagulant therapy, ...
Tsuneyoshi Hiroshi - - 2005
Recently, the outcome for patients with mitral valve disease has significantly improved. This may be due to concomitant advances in many fields. In particular, the development of surgical techniques has contributed to this improvement, and many surgical techniques and topics are introduced in this article. After the evaluation of results ...
Lawton Jennifer S - - 2005
Atrioventricular groove tear or disruption is a disastrous and technically challenging complication after mitral valve replacement surgery. This report details the untimely spontaneous occurrence of an atrioventricular tear during manipulation of the heart for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and its successful repair. Significant distortion of the mitral annulus and ...
Nagasaka Shigeo - - 2005
Tourniquetting technique to fit a prosthetic valve (PV) into the annulus in valve replacement surgery has been previously reported. We modified the previously reported method and designed a simpler tying technique. We performed 11 aortic (AVR: including four cases for calcified aortic stenosis (AS) with a small annulus and one ...
Tallarico Demetrio - - 2005
Paraprosthetic leaks are a postoperatively complication recurring with a frequency from 15 to 30%, and mostly in the mitral than in the aortic position. Transthoracic echocardiography can suspect prosthesis valve dysfunction, but for both diagnosis and evaluation of the paraprosthetic dysfunction severity, transesophageal study is required. In this report a ...
Gao Changqing - - 2004
A case of mitral valve aneurysm associated with infective endocarditis is reported. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed a saccular structure in the anterior leaflet that bulged into the left atrium throughout the cardiac cycle. During operation, the vegetation on the commissure of the right and left aortic leaflet and a 3-mm perforation ...
Tosaka Yuko - - 2004
We report a successful treatment of the complete papillary muscle rupture occurring 16 months after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A 57-year-old man was admitted for the sudden onset of chest pain and cardiogenic shock. Emergency cardiac catheterization revealed severe mitral regurgitation and total occlusion in the right coronary artery, ...
Arita Makoto - - 2004
An in vitro pulsatile simulator with a porcine mitral valve was developed in order to simulate physiologic and diseased mitral valve conditions. Evaluation of these conditions was conducted from a hydrodynamic and annulus behavior point of view. We found it possible to simulate mild "mitral valve prolapse" and to obtain ...
Hurst Frank P - - 2004
A 78-year-old man underwent mitral valve replacement with a no. 33 Hancock porcine bioprosthesis for severe mitral regurgitation. Postoperatively, a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) revealed a mean mitral valve gradient (MVG) of 4 mm Hg, a calculated mitral valve area (MVA) of 2.8 cm(2), and no mitral regurgitation. Eighteen months later, ...
Bettex D A - - 2004
This randomised, single-blind, double-control study compared and established prospectively the best transoesophageal echocardiography methods for determining cardiac output in patients after cardiac surgery. Thirty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were included. Measurements were taken postoperatively, after stabilisation in the intensive care unit. Cardiac output was determined by transoesophageal echocardiography ...
Chen Ling - - 2004
In the mitral valve, regional variations in structure and material properties combine to affect the biomechanics of the entire valve. Previous biaxial testing has shown that mitral valve leaflet tissue is highly extensible, and exhibits nonlinear, anisotropic material properties. In this study, experimental measurements of mitral valve leaflet deformation under ...
Gillinov A Marc - - 2004
A 68-year-old woman with concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, prosthetic valve endocarditis with aortic root abscess, and sepsis had aortic root replacement with an aortic allograft. On weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, she had hemodynamic instability caused by systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, which resulted in a left ventricular outflow ...
Chimenti Cristina - - 2004
A previously unreported case of a complex congenital cardiac anomaly consisting of coronary and valvular angiodysplasia, complicated by an eosinophilic endomyocardial disease, is described. The disorder presented clinically with congestive heart failure, which was characterized by evidence of floating masses causing severe pulmonary stenosis and dysfunction of the mitral and ...
Zucker N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe a series of fetuses diagnosed as having Shone's syndrome, which includes four cardiac defects and for which there is a wide variety of clinical presentations, surgical treatments and outcomes, and to discuss the counseling strategy. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the records of four babies who were suspected ...
Finegan Barry A - - 2004
The availability of Internet-enabled computers in the operating room (OR) facilitates unparalleled physician access to current peer reviewed research, either in abstract or full text format, a development that provides physicians with an exciting opportunity to incorporate such findings into clinical practice at the point-of-care. In this report I describe ...
Yaku Hitoshi - - 2004
A new partial translocation technique to repair left ventricular rupture after mitral valve replacement and reimplant a mitral prosthesis is described. We repaired a tear from the interior by using mattress stitches buttressed with strips of Dacron felt, constructed a new annulus with a crescent-shaped piece of bovine pericardium on ...
Kotanidou Anastasia N - - 2004
Systemic infection with Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic disease that affects mainly immunocompromised hosts and is associated with a high mortality rate. We report a case of A. fumigatus endocarditis after an episode of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Diagnosis was established after sudden rupture of posterior papillary muscle of the normal ...
Schwartz C F - - 2004
Mitral valve repair surgery has progressed dramatically since its inception over 40 years ago. As techniques have evolved, complicated mitral valve reconstruction has become commonplace, with durable late results. Likewise, the value of concomitant annuloplasty during valve repair has been firmly established as contributing to late valve repair durability. This ...
Toyama Masashi - - 2004
Beating mitral valve replacement was performed for mitral valve stenosis in a patient with a porcelain aorta after aortic valve replacement. The 77-year-old patient had developed heart failure several times. A chest computed tomographic scan revealed severe calcification on the ascending aorta and aortic arch. A cardiopulmonary bypass was established ...
Halkos Michael E - - 2004
A 45-year-old man presented to our hospital with severe dyspnea 4 months after antibiotic treatment for aortic valve endocarditis. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed severe aortic regurgitation and an aneurysm of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. In addition to aortic valve replacement, we excised the aneurysm and repaired the anterior ...
Turkoz Riza - - 2004
In patients with acute bacterial endocarditis and annular abscess formation, cardiac valve replacement is associated with high perioperative mortality and morbidity. We present two patients who had had infective endocarditis and annular abscess formation in the mural leaflet region. Before replacing the mitral valve, we covered the atrium and annulus ...
Chauvaud S - - 2004
Congenital malformations of the mitral valve are numerous and can be confusing. The functional expression is an insufficiency, a stenosis or a combined lesion. The anatomic classification is replaced by a functional approach. Anatomy and functional manifestations are analyzed by echocardiography pre-, intra- and postoperatively. Conservative surgery is the goal ...
Miller Lisa M - - 2004
Traumatic detachment of the mitral valve from the annulus fibrosis occurred in a dog following blunt chest trauma. Euthanasia was elected approximately 7 months posttrauma due to refractory, chronic left heart failure. This is the first reported case of traumatic mitral valve rupture in a dog.
Yetkin Ufuk - - 2004
Williams-Beuren syndrome is a rare and usually sporadic genetic anomaly with an estimated frequency of 1:25,000, that also has cardiac defects due to the effect on the elastin locus of a deletion on the 7th chromosome. Identical twin boys presented with exercise-induced syncope. Echocardiographic examination revealed severe calcification at the ...
Suzuki Yasuyuki - - 2004
A one-year-old boy without congenital cardiac anomaly suffered from meningitis and subsequent acute infective endocarditis that resulted in mitral regurgitation. During antibiotic therapy and management of congestive heart failure, he suddenly developed an acute subdural hematoma, and an aneurysm of the cerebral artery was detected by brain computed tomography. Clipping ...
Williams M A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical performance of the Carbomedics, Medtronic Hall and On-X valves in the challenging setting of a Third World population with incomplete anticoagulation coverage. METHODS: In the Carbomedics group 140 valves were implanted in 126 patients (aortic 30, mitral 82, and aortic and ...
Lewin Mark B MB Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2004
Left ventricular outflow tract obstructive (LVOTO) malformations are a leading cause of infant mortality from birth defects. Genetic mechanisms are likely, and there may be a higher rate of asymptomatic LVOTO anomalies in relatives of affected children. This study sought to define the incidence of cardiac anomalies in first-degree relatives ...
Fann James I - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Surgical edge-to-edge repair has been used in the treatment of mitral regurgitation. We evaluated the ability of a catheter-delivered clip (Evalve, Inc) to achieve edge-to-edge mitral valve approximation without cardiopulmonary bypass and the healing response of this technique. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one pigs underwent general anesthesia and left thoracotomy. ...
Sleeper M M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis VII (MPS VII) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by deficient beta-glucuronidase (GUSB) activity resulting in defective catabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Cardiac disease is a major cause of death in MPS VII because of accumulation of GAGs in cardiovascular cells. Manifestations include cardiomyopathy, mitral and aortic valve thickening, ...
Lausberg H - - 2004
Although heart valve surgery continues to evolve in a dynamic fashion, there is still no optimal solution for all patients. Minimally invasive surgery currently receives considerable attention but its value still needs to be determined. Progress has been made in valve repair, which now allows reconstruction in most patients with ...
Sharratt Geoffrey P - - 2004
We report a case of a true cleft in the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. The cleft, however, is directed toward the ventricular septum, and the left ventricular papillary muscles have the same arrangement as seen in the setting of a common atrioventricular orifice. The atrioventricular septum is intact. ...
Gregoric Igor D - - 2004
We evaluated a new trileaflet prosthesis and a control bileaflet prosthesis in the mitral and aortic positions in 27 calves. The prototype trileaflet valve (TV1) functioned satisfactorily in the mitral position (TV1m, n = 7) but later yielded thrombogenic complications in the aortic position (TV1a, n = 4). The valve ...
Becker Anton E - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The success rate of catheter maze ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation depends upon adequate electrical isolation by performing linear ablation lesions. However, recurrence of atrial arrhythmias is not uncommon, particularly in the so-called left atrial isthmus, between the orifice of the left inferior pulmonary vein and the mitral valve ...
Ruel Marc - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a devastating complication in patients with prosthetic valves, but characterization of its late occurrence from a large cohort is lacking. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred eighty-nine adult patients who underwent a total of 3,576 operations for left-heart valve replacement were managed with contemporary anticoagulation guidelines and prospectively ...
Arat-Ozkan Alev - - 2004
Complications of valve replacement are diverse. In addition to morbidity due to the prosthetic valve itself (e.g. endocarditis, thrombosis), complications due to operative technique may occur in complex cases, as in aortic valve replacement with annular enlargement. Postoperative echocardiography is a simple, non-invasive method to evaluate patients with prosthetic valves. ...
Macnab A - - 2004
Atrial en-face reconstructions are commonly used to assess mitral valve morphology in three dimensional (3D) echocardiography but may miss important abnormalities. To present a systematic method for the analysis of the regurgitant mitral valve using a combination of en-face and longitudinal views for better anatomical evaluation. Detailed 3D assessment was ...
Nowicki Edward R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Predicting risk for aortic and mitral valve surgery is important both for informed consent of patients and objective review of surgical outcomes. Development of reliable prediction rules requires large data sets with appropriate risk factors that are available before surgery. METHODS: Data from eight Northern New England Medical Centers ...
Kudo Mikihiko - - 2004
A successful resection of left ventricular tumor in an 82-year-old woman who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting ten years ago is presented. In an attempt to make a procedure less invasive, we chose a trans-mitral endoscopic resection with minimum dissection because of reoperation on patient of advanced age. With ...
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