Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1312
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Corr P - - 2003
Summary: Arteriovenous malformations of the spine and spinal cord can be classified into spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and fistulas (AVFs) and dural AVM and AVF occurring outside the dura but draining into the epidural veins called paravertebral AVM and AVF 1. Paravertebral malformations are rare arteriovenous communications outside the ...
Chae Eun Jin - - 2004
We report a symptomatic infant with very rare congenital arterioportal and portosystemic venous fistulae in the liver. Multislice CT after partial transcatheter embolisation revealed not only the complicated vascular architecture of the lesion, but also an incidental jejunal arteriovenous malformation which explained the patient's melena. The patient underwent ligation of ...
Ziyal I M - - 2004
A 58-year-old male was admitted with headache to our neurosurgery clinic. His neurological examination revealed slight left hemiparesis. The radiological evaluation with contrast administred magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan demonstrated a right temporo-parietal ring enhancing mass lesion surrounded by edema which was resembling a typical glioma (Fig. 1). The patient ...
du Toit D F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated a single-centre experience with endovascular repair of traumatic arteriovenous fistula in the cervicothoracic region. METHODS: Endovascular repair of 27 traumatic cervicothoracic arteriovenous fistulas was attempted between August 1998 and December 2001. Patients with active bleeding or end-organ ischaemia were excluded. Follow-up was accomplished with clinical, duplex ...
Lin Peter H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The use of a self-closing nitinol surgical clip (Coalescent Surgical U-Clip) is a novel technique of creating an interrupted vascular anastomosis, which also eliminates the knot tying associated with a conventional vascular anastomosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) for ...
Makaryus Amgad N - - 2003
We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with a history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and pacemaker who presented to the hospital with new onset New York Heart Association class IV congestive heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a markedly dilated right ventricle with normal right ventricular systolic function. There was moderate ...
Choi Hung Michael - - 2003
Preoperative duplex scanning of arm and forearm veins has increased the creation of autogenous arteriovenous (AV) fistulas. However, the cumulative functional patency and durability of transposed AV fistulas (TAVF) compared with nontransposed AV fistulas (AVF) and prosthetic bridging grafts (AVG) remains ill-defined. From January 1998 to December 2002, 245 dialysis ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To present the prenatal and postnatal three-dimensional color power Doppler ultrasonographic features in cases of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation. METHODS: Prenatal three-dimensional color power Doppler ultrasonography was used to image the neurovascular malformations in 3 fetuses with vein of Galen aneurysms and in unaffected control fetuses at the ...
Padovani R - - 2003
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas are characterized by an abnormal communication between the dural branch of the radiculomedullary artery and an intradural medullary vein. Although the optimal treatment strategy is still debated, a complete interruption of the flow in the fistulas should be obtained. The authors report four cases operated on ...
Irie Fumi - - 2003
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) cause several types of intracranial hemorrhage, but rarely cause primary intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). We report a 67-year-old man with sudden headache and a long history of a pulsatile bruit who developed intraventricular hemorrhage without any parenchymal hemorrhage. Cerebral angiogram revealed dural arteriovenous fistulas in transverse and ...
Kubalek R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the angioarchitecture of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (cAVMs) with special regard to its influence on the risk of intracranial haemorrhage. METHODS: Clinical and neuroradiological data of 171 patients with cAVMs, who were treated at our department, were analysed retrospectively. The angioarchitectonic data were obtained from angiographic series, cranial ...
Thung Kin Hoi - - 2003
We report the case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with massive hemoptysis. She was found to be bleeding from a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in the right middle lobe, which had a peculiar blood supply from the right internal mammary artery. Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy was successfully performed for this ...
Duncan Brian W - - 2003
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are a cause of progressive cyanosis after cavopulmonary anastomosis in children with single ventricle physiology who are on the pathway leading to a Fontan procedure. Investigations into possible mechanisms for the etiology of PAVMs are ongoing and suggest that the liver might play a key regulatory ...
Paternoster Delia M - - 2003
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are rarely seen intracranial malformations. They represent less than 1% of the cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Prenatal diagnosis of an arteriovenous fistula malformation may be achieved by real-time and Doppler sonography with color flow imaging, by identifying dilated veins and arteriovenous shunts with turbulent flow. In ...
Hartung J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To present early prenatal diagnosis of an aneurysm of the Vein of Galen by detecting signs of cardiac overload in a 22-week old fetus. CASE: We report on a 22-week old fetus presenting with dilation of the heart, tricuspid and mitral valve regurgitation, reversed flow in the aortic arch ...
Inouye Phil P Departemtn of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2003
A 68-year-old man with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia presented with recurrent, intermittent gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Transfusion of a total of 27 units of red blood cells was required over the three months before admission. Upper and lower endoscopy did not reveal a source of bleeding and a technetium-labelled red blood cell scan ...
Inci Servet - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although spinal intradural arteriovenous malformations have frequently been associated with venous aneurysms, spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas typically are not. We describe a case of conus medullaris compression by a large saccular venous aneurysm of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula. As these lesions are slow-flow arteriovenous shunts, development of a ...
Giangregorio Carlo - - 2003
The case of an 82-year-old female patient with severe tricuspid regurgitation come to the authors' observation for suspected arteriovenous fistula, is reported. Color-Doppler US was performed for re-evaluation. It documented the presence of systemic venous and portal pulsatility associated with severe ectasia and varicosity of infracardiac systemic venous system due ...
Tse K-C - - 2003
A 34 year old Chinese man presented with grand mal seizures complicating multiple brain abscesses caused by mixed oral flora. Because of persistent hypoxaemia contrast spiral thoracic computed tomography was done, which revealed bilateral pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). Concomitant IgA and IgG subclass deficiency was also found. The combination of ...
Uchida Yuzo - - 2003
Arteriovenous fistula of internal thoracic vessels is rare. We report a case of a 77-year-old woman with a fistula between the left internal thoracic artery and vein after a mediastinal needle biopsy through the anterior chest wall. The incidence of internal thoracic arteriovenous fistulas seems to be increasing because the ...
Russell S M - - 2003
Summary: The pathogenesis of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) is currently unknown, with multiple DAVFs being rare. For patients with limited venous access secondary to sinus thrombosis, or for patients where parent sinus occlusion would not be tolerated, transvenous embolization may not be possible and other treatment methods must be considered. ...
Seth Rachna Kapoor - - 2003
This article presents a young girl who came to the Department of Pediatrics, AIIMS, with cyanosis and was diagnosed to be having multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae. The cardiovascular evaluation was normal and so was the respiratory evaluation. The desaturation did not improve with oxygen. The chest X-ray was also normal. ...
Allione A - - 2003
A 30-year-old female presented with uncontrolled hypertension due to arteriovenous malformation in the upper third of the right kidney, which worsened during pregnancy. The arteriovenous malformation was detected by color-coded Doppler sonography, confirmed by angiography, and the fistula was sealed by superselective arterial embolization with metallic coils. Superselective embolization is ...
Schussler Jeffrey M - - 2003
We report the case of a 27-year-old woman with history of a transient ischemic attack who was diagnosed with a large patent foramen ovale (PFO). After percutaneous PFO closure, it was discovered that the patient had a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) and a diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia was made. ...
Flannery T - - 2003
A 34-year-old female patient presented with an intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage and was found to have a dural arteriovenous fistula at the site of previous cervical meningocele repair. Subsequent occlusion was achieved with endovascular embolization. To our knowledge, the phenomenon of the development of a spinal dural fistula at the site ...
Ziyeh S - - 2003
Extracranial vascular anomalies can be divided into haemangiomas and vascular malformations. The latter can be subdivided on the basis of the predominant type of vascular channels. Separation of high- and low-flow vascular malformations is of clinical importance. We report preliminary observations on time-resolved magnetic resonance projection angiography (MRPA) of vascular ...
Qiao Zheng-rong - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical methods and the outcome of management for traumatic arterial aneurysm (TAA) and traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF). METHODS: A total of 121 patients with TAA or TAVF were treated by surgery. Clinical, operative and postoperative data were collected and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The surgical techniques included ...
Syed Mubin I - - 2003
A patient initially presented with anginal symptoms and a positive stress thallium test. An arteriovenous malformation in the right coronary artery causing a suspected coronary "steal syndrome" was subsequently discovered. This was treated with a microcoil embolization technique in lieu of the traditional surgical approach and this technique is described ...
Gamillscheg Andreas - - 2003
Interventional occlusion of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations with large feeding arteries may be associated with an increased risk of device embolization. In a 40-year-old patient with a solitary pulmonary arteriovenous malformation one large feeding artery was successfully closed by means of an Amplatzer septal occluder and detachable coils. The use of ...
Malovrh Marko - - 2003
Patients presenting for initial access evaluation in contemporary practice are less likely to have arteries and veins suitable for native fistula (AVF) formation in the classic location. Physical examination of the upper extremity alone may be inadequate for selection of arteries and veins that will mature into a functioning AF. ...
Van Aalst John A - - 2003
The seminal work of Mulliken and Glowacki in 1982 elucidated the histological differences between hemangiomas and vascular malformations: the former are characterized by endothelial cell proliferation, whereas the latter contain mature endothelial cells. Hemangiomas proliferate and then involute, whereas malformations remain stable in size, growing proportionally with the child. Vascular ...
Hortobágyi T - - 2003
An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein, whereby the interconnecting capillary network is missing. Such a malformation frequently occurs in the deep midline regions of the brain, and the subsequent increased flow into the draining vein of Galen substantially dilates in an aneurysmal ...
Kim B S - - 2003
Congenital arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) of the internal maxillary artery (IMA) are rare. We present the angiographic findings and management of six AVF of the IMA, selected from 147 patients with facial vascular malformations. The fistula was thought to be congenital in all six in view of a life-long history, with ...
Kelly S M - - 2003
We present the case of a young woman with persistent secondary postpartum hemorrhage. Transvaginal imaging demonstrated an irregular pulsatile lesion in the anterior myometrium. Color Doppler analysis revealed the presence of abnormal vessels consistent with an arteriovenous malformation. Typically this vascular abnormality had a turbulent pattern of arterial and venous ...
Kakar A - - 2003
Pulmonary arteriovenous fisula is a rare condition in which there is abnormal connection between pulmonary arteries and veins. We describe this condition is an 18-year-old male who presented with cyanosis, clubbing, polycythemia and multiple brain abscesses. The patient was diagnosed as pulmonary arteriovenous fistula based on CT scan and on ...
Cokluk C - - 2003
In this operative case-based report, we have investigated the ability and benefits of intraoperative grey-scale sonographic examination in the localising of arteriovenous malformations in the brain, the identification of feeding artery or arteries, the description of perilesional changes, and the detection of accompanying hematomas. The surrounding edematous brain tissue was ...
Rimon Uri - - 2003
A case is described of a large renal arteriovenous fistula causing long-term cardiovascular complications. Successful percutaneous embolization was achieved using temporary occlusion balloons, Guglielmi detachable coils, regular nondetachable spring coils, and cyanacrylate. The advanced therapeutic tools we used can improve the prognosis of patients with large and complicated arteriovenous fistulas ...
Tüz Mustafa - - 2003
Pulsatile tinnitus (PT) although an infrequent otologic symptom. PT can be objective (auscaltable) or subjective (non-auscultable). It has been suggested that subjective PT could occasionally be associated with vascular disorders such as arteriovenous malformation, traumatic or spontaneous carotico-cavernous fistula, intracranial aneurysms, vascular tumors of the temporal bone and cerebellopontine angle, ...
Ahmed Sujood - - 2003
We report the identification of a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation draining into the left lower pulmonary vein by contrast two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in an adult with no evidence of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. To our knowledge, this has not been reported previously. This study also emphasizes the importance of transesophageal echocardiographic examination ...
Saxena S - - 2003
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) represent pulmonary vascular anomalies and in majority of cases are congenital in origin. We report a case that presented with predominant complaints of dyspnoea on exertion and cyanosis. Clinical examination revealed a bruit in the left lower interscapular and infrascapular areas which led us to suspect ...
Wu G - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with transient third nerve palsy as the possible presenting sign of intracranial arteriovenous malformation. METHOD: Case report. RESULT: A 24-year-old female presented to ophthalmic casualty with sudden onset binocular diplopia and was diagnosed to have right sided partial third nerve palsy. Within 30 hours the ...
Nishio A - - 2003
Summary: A spinal intramedullary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) associated with a radicular arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is reported. The patient had mild myelopathy and low back pain. Spinal angiography revealed the AVM fed by the anterior spinal artery via left T10, T11 and right L1 radiculomedullary arteries and the radiculopial arteries of ...
Nelson Peter Kim - - 2003
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to describe the application of a novel transarterial approach to curative embolization of complex intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). This technique is particularly useful in patients harboring high-grade DAVFs with direct cortical venous drainage or for whom transvenous coil embolization is not possible ...
Suzuki M - - 2003
We evaluated contrast-enhanced MRA (enhanced 3-D fast gradient-echo [efgre3d] with spectral inversion recovery) for identification of 15 intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in 14 patients. Demonstration of the feeding arteries was classified as good for 16 examinations on maximum-intensity projections and multiprojection volume reconstruction images. The nidus was seen well in ...
Khankan Azzam Anwar - - 2003
We report a case of left external iliac artery lesions as a complication of post-kidney transplantation due to vascular clamp application injury. The lesions were proximal stenosis and distal occlusion just near the graft anastomosis site and they were diagnosed incidentally during the embolization for arteriovenous fistula. Angiography confirmed the ...
Siddhartha W, Parmar H, ...
14-year-old boy presented with a progressively growing swelling in the right infrascapular region. The patient had undergone a pleural tapping six months back. Plain and contrast enhanced CT Scan showed enhancing serpiginous channels in the intercostal space suggestive of an intercostal vascular malformation. Digital substraction angiogram (DSA) performed through the ...
Ravasse Philippe - - 2003
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are infrequent lesions diagnosed rarely in the neonatal period. A case of arteriovenous malformation involving an entire lung in a newborn is described. Because of an untractable cyanosis with heart failure, an emergency left total pneumonectomy had to be done at 18 hours of life. Cyanosis disappear ...
Low David W - - 2003
Vascular anomalies are best classified by biologic behavior-active hemangiomas, and inactive vascular malformations. Hemangioma growth is restricted to infancy, but residual deformity may persist to adult life in the form of redundant skin, bulky fibrofatty tissue, and ectatic cutaneous vessels. Treatment largely consists of scar revision and laser photocoagulation of ...
Joseffer Seth S - - 2003
Gamma knife radiosurgery is an effective technique for treating arteriovenous malformations. However, treatment failures can occur as a result of incomplete visualization of the arteriovenous malformation nidus. We describe the use of bilateral femoral artery catheterization and simultaneous dual vessel cerebral angiography to facilitate treatment planning during gamma knife treatment.
Sugita Kiyoko - - 2003
An 11-year-old male was admitted because of frequent vomiting and truncal ataxia which had lasted for over one week. He had clear consciousness but slowly-progressive mild headache and ataxic gait. Cranial CT revealed a 4 cm hematoma in the right cerebellar hemisphere. Angiography showed a 2 x 2 cm nidus ...
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