Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1312
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Seki Toshitaka - - 2005
A 36-year-old female was treated for a perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) using intraoperative color Doppler sonography monitoring. Color Doppler sonography before interruption of the fistulous point clearly demonstrated an abnormal hyperechoic lesion. After interruption of the shunting point, the lesion had disappeared. Intraoperative angiography confirmed the disappearance of the perimedullary ...
Lee Sung-Woo - - 2005
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM), especially cryptic AVM, can cause highly variable cerebral neurological defects. Injection of 142Pr microspheres into arteries feeding an AVM in order to simulate radio-embolism has been proposed as a novel treatment method. To investigate optimization of radiation dose to the clinically important arterial wall area, preliminary dosimetric ...
Yu Chang-Hsien - - 2005
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are direct communications between pulmonary arteries and veins via a tortuous vascular space. They can cause severe pulmonary and neurologic complications. Most PAVMs are located in the lower lobes and can be seen on radiography or angiography. However, a few patients with PAVMs have a more severe ...
Albertino Sergio - - 2005
Pulsatile tinnitus synchronous with heartbeat is rare and normally has vascular origin: arterial (malformation, arterial anatomical variation) or venous (aberrant jugular bulb, glomus tumors, tympanic glomus tumor). Early etiology identification is essential for appropriate treatment to be established. Magnetic angioresonance makes the vascular identification possible and precise. We report a ...
Steiger H J - - 2005
Awareness of a potential arteriovenous fistula is critical for diagnosis of cranial as well as spinal fistulas. The natural history of cranial and spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas has been clarified during the last decade and interdisciplinary therapies have experienced a substantial development recently. The classification of Cognard & Merland is ...
Murphy Mary - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: A cranial dural arteriovenous fistula may undergo configurational changes in response to local arterial pressure. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man had two distinct neurosurgical pathological features at presentation: an occipital dural arteriovenous fistula and cervical radiculopathy secondary to spondylosis. INTERVENTION: An anterior cervical discectomy and fusion were ...
Roy-Chaudhury Prabir - - 2005
Hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction is a major cause of morbidity in the hemodialysis population and contributes significantly to the overall cost of end-stage renal disease programs. At a histological level, most hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction (in both native arteriovenous fistulae and PTFE dialysis access grafts) is due to venous stenosis ...
Karibe Hiroshi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intrinsic arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the trigeminal nerve is extremely uncommon and may be associated with trigeminal neuralgia. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old man experienced severe lightning pain in the second and third divisions of the left trigeminal nerve territory. Vertebral angiography demonstrated an AVM fed by the ...
McGrath C - - 2004
We present a case of a 78-year-old male with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia and severe hypoxia incorrectly diagnosed as pulmonary embolism following a false positive ventilation/perfusion scan. Anti-coagulation and thrombolysis was complicated by an upper gastro-intestinal haemorrhage. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations resulted in a clinically significant right-left shunt and created an apparent ...
Balasubramanian S - - 2004
An 11-year-old girl presented with acute onset of paraplegia with bowel and bladder incontinence. She had spinal tenderness and a sensory level at mid thoracic region. MRI spine revealed an intradural extramedullary arterio-venous malformation with hemorrhage into the intramedullary region. Hence a diagnosis of spinal arterio-venous malformation was entertained.
Koseoglu Kutsi - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to evaluate resistive index (RI) in the feeding artery of the functioning and dysfunctioning arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). Measurement of RI in the feeding artery using Doppler ultrasound was performed in 48 patients on hemodialysis. Twenty-seven upper arm AVFs and 21 radiocephalic AVFs were ...
Jameel Al-Ata - - 2004
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation is one of the rarest congenital anomalies of cardiovascular system. We present a case of 30-year-old female with a large pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) arising from the right lower pulmonary artery and draining to the left atrium. She underwent successful embolization using three detachable Cook coils.
Pannu Yash - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas account for 10 to 15% of all intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas with spinal medullary venous drainage causing spinal cord myelopathy are very rare, but have been previously described. We describe a case using a cranio-orbito zygomatic approach with intraoperative angiography for the ...
Matsushige Toshinori - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the scalp are relatively rare, and their precise natural course remains to be elucidated. We encountered a patient with a scalp AVM that progressively enlarged over the course of 3 years by capturing feeders from intracranial arteries. To our knowledge, ours is the first serial ...
Cohen-Gadol Aaron A - - 2004
The surgical treatment of cerebrovascular malformations intrigued early neurosurgeons. Cushing defined vascular malformations as tumors arising from cerebral blood vessels. He successfully resected the first arteriovenous malformation 3 years after it had been irradiated. In the absence of angiography, the pathoanatomy of these lesions remained elusive and early techniques such ...
De Gregorio Miguel Angel - - 2004
We report a case of a venous aneurysm secondary to an acquired ileocolic arteriovenous fistula in a 64-year-old woman with recurrent abdominal pain and history of appendectomy. The aneurysm was diagnosed by ultrasound and computed tomography. Angiography showed an arteriovenous fistula between ileocolic branches of the superior mesenteric artery and ...
Pike Nancy A - - 2004
Although previously described in patients undergoing staged palliation for univentricular heart disease, the mechanism by which hepatic venous flow prevents development of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations is still not completely understood. We present a case in which successful H-type Fontan revision with rerouting of hepatic venous flow through a hemiazygous vein ...
Freedom Robert M - - 2004
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas are vascular malformations, which, by virtue of producing abnormal vascular connections proximal to the units of gas exchange, result in intrapulmonary right-to-left shunting. These malformations or fistulas reflect at least in part disordered angiogenesis, and less commonly recruitment and dilation of pre-existing vascular channels. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas ...
Zink Walter E - - 2004
Diagnosis and management of a complex tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) of the straight sinus with vein of Galen aneurysmal dilatation is presented. A 65-year-old woman with remote history of cranial gunshot lapsed into coma after months of progressive neurological decline. Computed tomography brain scan showed cerebellar hemorrhage while arteriography ...
Im So-Hyang - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), unlike those in other locations, form a distinct subgroup because of a high incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage and their unique anatomy. We surgically obliterated an unruptured anterior cranial fossa DAVF because the venous aneurysm in the DAVF increased in size during the ...
Dempsey Robert J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound has been used to locate arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We describe the use of spectral Doppler to measure flow resistance and resistive index (RI) of vessels around the nidus to distinguish feeding arteries from en passant and normal vessels. This is particularly helpful in small AVMs ...
Bazan Hernan A - - 2004
Increasing the prevalence of arteriovenous fistula over arteriovenous synthetic graft is critical for decreasing the morbidity and costs of dialysis patients. This is highlighted in the guidelines set forth by The National Kidney Foundation-Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-DOQI), which encourage the increased use of autogenous vein in fistula creation. In ...
Tille J-C - - 2004
Increased understanding of the mechanisms of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis has provided a glimpse at some of the molecules involved in the pathophysiology of hemangiomas and vascular malformations. This review focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms of angiogenesis/lymphangiogenesis and the differentiation of arterial, venous, and lymphatic vessels. ...
Denion Eric - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Lateral, homonymous upper and lower field blind sectors sparing a horizontal zone define quadruple sectoranopia. This rare campimetric deficit involves ischemia or infarction of parts of the lateral geniculate body supplied by the distal anterior choroidal artery. METHODS: A 41-year-old patient presented with a complaint of blurred vision. Visual ...
Kim Doris Maria - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report the endovascular treatment of a spontaneous scalp arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in a child with Hartnup disease. CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old girl with Hartnup disease presented with recurrent attacks of intense, migraine-like, right-sided headache; a tender, pulsatile small mass was observed in the scalp. Selective digital subtraction angiography ...
Sivrikoz Muammer Cumhur - - 2004
Acquired pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) related to chronic infections are extremely rare. We report a 32-year-old male patient having a huge pulmonary AVMs being fed with multi-systemic vascular divisions weeded in ascending aorta due to chronic infection. The AVMs were managed by combined intra-arterial embolization and surgical resection.
Ikeda Kazuyuki - - 2004
We experienced an interesting case of bilateral coronary arteriovenous fistulas with coronary aneurysms (50 mm in the left and 10 mm in the right) developed in a 66-year-old woman. The pathological findings of both left and right aneurysms were quite similar. Etiological and surgical considerations about coronary aneurysm based on ...
Chao Heng-sheng - - 2004
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are an uncommon disorder and may cause life-threatening complications if left untreated. The paucity of good longitudinal data on patients with pulmonary AVMs can be a significant challenge clinically. The authors report a case of recurrence of pulmonary AVMs in a young female with hereditary hemorrhagic ...
Hartung Olivier - - 2004
Long-standing arteriovenous fistula (AVF) can lead after closure to late arterial aneurysm formation. We report the case of an extensive iliofemoral aneurysm extending from the aorta to a left venous above-knee to below-knee popliteal bypass occurring 14 years after closure of a post-traumatic popliteal AVF. While the arterial axis, which ...
Martín-Granizo R - - 2004
Temporomandibular joint arthoscopy is a minimal invasive surgical procedure commonly used to effectively treat some internal derangement of the TMJ. However, this method is not free of complications. Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a lesion that communicates the high flow arterial system and the low flow venous network. We describe a ...
Koch Christoph - - 2004
The authors report on a patient presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that was initially attributed to an aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery. During surgical exploration and placement of a clip, however, it was observed that the aneurysm had not ruptured. Diagnostic workup including spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed ...
Komiyama M - - 2004
Summary: Cerebral diagnostic and therapeutic angiography for neonatal arteriovenous fistulas is reported. Three neonatal boys with vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (1 patient) and dural arteriovenous fistulas (2 patients) presented severe congestive heart failure soon after birth, and were treated by transarterial and/or transvenous embolization using various access routes. In ...
Churojana A - - 2004
Summary: The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of embolization of each type of vascular malformation. Thirty three patients with a diagnosis of vascular malformations in head and neck regions who were treated by embolization at Siriraj Hospital, Thailand, between 1997-2002 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 19 ...
Möllers M O - - 2004
A 58-year-old man developed a self-occluding arteriovenous fistula following stent-grafting of the right internal carotid artery (ICA). Due to prolonged ischaemic neurological deficits carotid angiography had been performed 3 weeks previously. It revealed marked atherosclerotic lesions predominantly narrowing the distal right carotid siphon. MRI confirmed ischaemic lesions and massive deficits ...
Du Rose - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the medial temporal lobe are usually resected through subtemporal-transcortical approaches that provide a trajectory that is perpendicular to the plane of the AVM. The pterional approach is sometimes used for AVMs in the uncus and amygdala, but it is not recommended for AVMs in the ...
Vassalotti Joseph A - - 2004
A majority of the quarter of a million end-stage renal disease patients nationwide are treated with hemodialysis. Important and frequent causes of morbidity and mortality, when they undergo this procedure, include vascular access infection and thrombosis associated with the use of catheters and, to a lesser extent, grafts. Therefore, an ...
Pui Margaret H - - 2004
This paper illustrates the technique and clinical use of cerebral MR venography (MRV). Dural sinus thrombosis is detected by both two-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) and three-dimensional phase-contrast (PC) techniques. Venous angiomas are demonstrated by the three-dimensional PC method. The arterial feeders, nidus and draining veins of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) can ...
Hazinedaroglu S - - 2004
The incidence of arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) is quite rare in the head and neck region comprising less than 4% of all the traumatic AVF encountered elsewhere in the body. A 42-year-old man presented with a palpable thrill in the cervical region and headache. He had a shotgun injury 10 years ...
Krischek Boris - - 2004
A 57-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the rupture of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) located at the base of the root of the right trigeminal nerve. In contrast to previous similar cases, his history included no evidence of trigeminal neuralgia or sensory loss. Right vertebral artery angiography revealed ...
Grosso S - - 2004
Facial hemangioma is usually isolated but its association with craniocervical arterial anomalies and structural brain malformations is well known. The acronym PHACE syndrome (posterior fossa malformation, facial hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac/aortic anomalies, and eye abnormalities) has been used to indicate that disorder in which brain anomalies are mainly represented by ...
Cekirdekci A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of increasing inferior vena cava blood flow by means of distal arteriovenous fistula on the patency of a peritoneal tube graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 16 mongrel dogs, a 3-4 cm long circular defect was created at the infrarenal inferior vena cava. The defect was ...
Sato Sonomi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The perinidal vascular structures of cerebral arteriovenous malformations were examined, to clarify their pathomorphological features. METHODS: Twenty-two resected specimens of human brain structures adjacent to the nidus were examined. The vessels surrounding the nidus were three-dimensionally reconstructed with a computer graphics system. RESULTS: In all cases, the analysis of ...
Chun Jay Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Thrombosis of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas following hemorrhage rarely have been reported. Rarer still is thrombosis of spinal AVMs following hemorrhage. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old boy presented with sudden low back and sciatic pain, bilateral leg weakness, and an intramedullary spinal cord hematoma. Spinal ...
Chul Suh Dae - - 2004
We present two patients with spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas involving the vertebral body recruiting dural and osseous branches as feeders. The fistulas, forming a round venous sac into which the multiple arterial feeders converge, were located near the round bony defect of the vertebral body, suggesting the osseous component of ...
Konishi Hiroaki - - 2004
We report a case in which weaning from cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was achieved by temporarily occluding the hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula. A 68-year-old man with diabetic nephropathy underwent coronary artery bypass surgery, and cardiac ECMO was used to wean the patient from cardiopulmonary bypass. An ultrasonic flowmeter showed the ...
Ito Kazuhiro - - 2004
The major concern when operating on a patient with a neurologically symptomatic pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is how to prevent a thromboembolic event during surgery. We describe a new technique whereby the extrapericardial pulmonary vein is clamped before transecting the afferent and efferent vessels of the fistula. The potentially pooled ...
Seruga Tomaz - - 2004
Arteriovenous malformations are direct communications between the arterial and venous circulations without the usual passage through the capillary net. They are the most frequent type of malformations of the intracranial circulation and the second most frequent cause of intracranial hematomas or hemorrhage. We report on a 7-year-old girl with intracerebral ...
Brüner Simone - - 2004
A new microsurgical concept for simultaneous restoration of peripheral perfusion in the lower extremity and microsurgical free-tissue transfer is presented. The concept consists of a contralateral cross-over suprapubic arteriovenous (A-V) fistula, end-to-side anastomoses of the superficial and deep femoral artery to the A-V fistula, and microsurgical flap transfer after division ...
Lemke Denise M - - 2004
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are vascular anomalies composed of intertwining arteries and veins with direct arteriovenous (AV) communication. It is presumed that the fistula is an acquired abnormality that produces an arterialization and increase in venous blood flow leading to venous hypertension, venous congestion with eventual hypo-perfusion, or ischemia ...
Poon W L - - 2003
Summary: Giant aneurysm located in the distal part of the feeding artery associated with a cerebral arteriovenous malformation is rare and the treatment is clinically challenging. We report the spontaneous and complete thrombosis of a flow-related giant aneurysm immediate up-stream to a cerebral arteriovenous malformation by embolization of that malformation ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >