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Results 301 - 350 of 1313
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Zhang Heng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spinal extradural arteriovenous fistula is a rare, disabling, but potentially treatable disease. Only 27 cases have been reported so far in the past 40 years. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 18-year-old adolescent girl developed repeated back pain and mild paraplegia after a training course. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a vessel-like lesion ...
Blount Jeffrey P - - 2006
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are a mixed group of lesions characterized by an abnormal fistula between abnormal distal branches of the choroidal and/or posterior cerebral arteries and the great vein of Galen. In this paper the authors trace the historical evolution of the current approach to diagnosis and treatment, ...
Klötzsch Christof - - 2006
Cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), including arteriovenous fistulae, are rather seldom investigated by means of transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS). Nevertheless, the continuous improvements in high-quality scanners, ultrasound contrast enhancers, and special software, such as three-dimensional reconstruction tools, make these lesions assessable in a high number of patients. In ...
Purkayastha S S Department of Radiology Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology; Trivandrum, - - 2005
Carotid-vertebral anastomoses are commonly detected as incidental findings. But sometimes these channels are important for the clinical condition of the patient. Here a case of right thalamo-capsular arteriovenous malformation is described where a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery was the only route for embolization of the arteriovenous malformation.
Tender Gabriel C - - 2005
Intradural spinal arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), a subtype of spinal arteriovenous malformation in which there is a direct communication between a spinal artery and a vein on the cord surface or in the subarachnoid space, are generally considered to be congenital lesions caused by maldevelopment of the embryonic vascular system. The ...
Asif Arif - - 2006
A significant number of arteriovenous fistulae (28 to 53%) never mature to support dialysis. Often, renal physicians and surgeons wait for up to 6 months and even longer hoping that the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) will eventually grow to support dialysis before declaring that the AVF has failed. In the interim, ...
Rodesch Georges - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review our series of intradural spinal cord arteriovenous fistulas (SCAVFs), analyzing symptoms and related angioarchitecture, and to study the morphological and clinical results of embolization. METHODS: Thirty-two SCAVFs (in 22 adults and 10 children) were treated between 1981 and 2000. These lesions were classified as microarteriovenous fistulas (mAVFs) ...
Oran Ismail - - 2005
Embolization of type I perimedullary spinal arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) can be difficult, because of tortuosity and the small diameter of the feeder and distal location of the fistula site. The 1.5F flow-directed catheter in conjunction with a hydrophilic guidewire has been used in fistula embolization with cyanoacrylate glue for spinal ...
Ohmori Yuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms of the spinal artery are exceedingly rare. We report on the first case of a pathologically proven aneurysm arising from the feeding pedicle of a perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 42-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and spinal angiography demonstrated a thoracic perimedullary AVF fed ...
McElhinney Doff B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) occur in approximately 20% of patients after unidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis (CPA), and frequently after bidirectional CPA in patients with polysplenia syndrome. It is hypothesized that exclusion of a growth-modulating factor produced in the liver may predispose to PAVM formation. Resolution of PAVMs after inclusion ...
Ayed Adel K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of right pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) affecting the right upper lobe, following the incidence of empyema thoracis in the contralateral lung. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 19-year-old, previously healthy male presented with acute respiratory distress, left pleuritic chest pain, fever and hypoxemia. Clinical findings, laboratory ...
Brown John W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are a major cause of progressive late cyanosis in patients treated with cavopulmonary anastomoses. Previous experience suggests that exclusion of the hepatic venous effluent from the pulmonary circulation may cause the development of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after the Kawashima operation in children with interrupted inferior vena ...
Trocciola Susan M - - 2005
A renal artery aneurysm with an associated arteriovenous fistula in a native kidney has been reported infrequently in the literature. Management depends on size, location, and the patient's physiological condition. We describe a case in which endovascular therapy was used to successfully exclude both aneurysm and fistula. This report describes ...
Viñuela F - - 2005
This chapter summarizes the authors' experience in the endovascular therapy of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). This clinical series includes 660 patients treated from 1980 to 2005. The first 148 patients were treated at University Hospital, in London, Ontario Canada, in association with Drs. Allan Fox, Dave Pelz, John Girvin and ...
Valavanis A A Institute of Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Zurich; - - 2005
Valavanis A, Pangalu A, Tanaka M. Endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations with emphasis on the curative role of embolisation. Schweiz Arch Neurol Psychiatr 2004;155:341-7. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations are complex and only partially understood vascular lesions of the central nervous system with a natural history characterised by significant morbidity and ...
Roy Daniel - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The treatment of large brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) is challenging, and embolization alone is seldom curative. The study goal is to enhance the efficacy of arteriovenous malformation embolization by adding a beta-emitting isotope to the embolic agent. METHODS: The pig rete mirabile was used as a BAVM ...
Unek Ilkay Tugba - - 2005
A patient with end-stage renal disease presented with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) on her left hand 1 month after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) surgery. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed steal syndrome at the AVF level. Bone scintigraphy revealed early-stage RSDS. We considered that arterial insufficiency because of steal phenomenon following AVF ...
Deguchi Jun - - 2005
Purely intraorbital arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare, and their clinical management is controversial. The authors successfully treated a patient with an intraorbital AVF by transvenous embolization alone. An accurate distinction between an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), which is characterized by the existence of a nidus, and an AVF, which has no ...
Gupta A K AK Department of Radiology Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology; Trivandrum, India - - - 2005
Carotid-vertebral anastomoses are commonly detected as incidental findings. But sometimes these channels are important for the clinical condition of the patient. Here a case of right thalamo- capsular arteriovenous malformation is described where a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery was the only route for embolization of the arteriovenous malformation.
Ilijevski Nenad S - - 2005
Popliteal trauma requires particular attention because blood vessel injuries in that zone might cause serious complications. Popliteal traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) should be considered for serious leg amputation, and long-standing fistulae produce cardiac overload. The diagnosis is usually made after clinical examination, finding palpable thrill and audible bruit over the ...
Gailloud Philippe - - 2005
The modern management of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is based on three therapeutic modalities: microneurosurgery, endovascular embolization, and stereotactic radiosurgery. Embolization facilitates subsequent radiosurgery by reducing the volume of the nidus, prepares the resection of surgically accessible AVMs, and immediately addresses the risks related to associated intra/extranidal aneurysms and arteriovenous ...
Kai Yutaka - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cases with spinal perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (SPAVFs) or spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) at the cervicomedullary junction are rare. We performed a retrospective, angiographic study of 6 such patients to assess whether available angiographic data were predictive of the risk for hemorrhage. METHODS: We report 6 patients ...
Farra H - - 2005
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare entity with well-described signs, symptoms, and complications. Pulmonary AVMs can be congenital or acquired. They have been described in the setting of severe liver disease and after palliation with a Glenn shunt in which the hepatic venous blood flow has been excluded from ...
Tanoue Shuichi - - 2005
We report 2 patients with dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar vein in which the patients presented with rare clinical symptoms related to unusual venous drainage patterns. The first patient had progressive myelopathy and showed venous drainage into the anterior spinal vein. The second had ocular signs and showed ...
Gailloud Philippe - - 2005
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM) are rare intracranial vascular anomalies typically found in children. The anatomic landmark of a VGAM is the presence of multiple arteriovenous shunts draining into a dilated median prosencephalic vein, an embryonic vessel normally absent at the adult stage. This article reviews the developmental anatomy, ...
Hamilton Mark C K - - 2005
Congenital arteriovenous fistulas between the thoracic arteries and the systemic veins are rare, and in clinical terms may mimic patency of the arterial duct. We present a neonate with a large arteriovenous fistula between the left sixth intercostal artery and the left brachiocephalic vein, to the best of our knowledge ...
Maillard Jacques-Olivier - - 2007
A 36-year-old asymptomatic female with Turner syndrome was referred for a 3-cm opacity of the left lung detected by routine chest X-ray. A computed tomography scan of the chest suggested a vascular lesion such as pulmonary arteriovenous malformation, and transcatheter embolotherapy was considered. The lack of a right-to-left shunt on ...
Jones Neil F - - 2005
This is the first report of an iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula complicating revascularization of an incomplete amputation of the hand, due to inadvertent anastomosis of the proximal radial artery to the distal cephalic vein. This resulted in a severely painful, massively swollen hand, which was initially diagnosed as an infection or ...
Achkar Katafan - - 2005
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) created for the purpose of hemodialysis are frequently lost due to various vascular lesions. Endovascular therapies with percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty have become very valuable in treating AVF dysfunction due to vascular stenosis. Experience with these therapies is relatively limited. In this case report, we present a ...
Burger Ingrid M - - 2005
The authors report on the case of a 28-year-old woman presenting with an intraosseous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) located in the left parietal bone. The fistula was formed by direct arteriovenous shunts connecting branches of the left middle meningeal and superficial temporal arteries with a parietal diploic vein. Drainage occurred through ...
Giavroglou C E - - 2005
Renal arteriovenous fistulas (RAVFs) are unusual lesions with a variety of clinical manifestations. Traditionally, these lesions have been treated surgically. We report on an idiopathic, high-flow RAVF and an aneurysm treated successfully with the embolization technique. The endovascular management of RAVFs in carefully selected patients is a safe and effective ...
Metin K - - 2005
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are rare anomalies. The degree of right-to-left shunting, which can lead to cyanosis and paradoxical embolism causing neurological complications, determines the prognosis. We report two cases of PAVM and review the literature. A 45-year-old woman with clinical signs and symptoms of PAVM was examined using several ...
Clatterbuck Richard E - - 2005
Arteriovenous malformations are a heterogeneous group of intra-axial central nervous system vascular lesions consisting of tangles of abnormal arteriovenous connections without intervening capillary beds. The heterogeneity of arteriovenous malformations is described by the Spetzler-Martin grading scale, a scale that also forms the basis for clinical decision making. The microsurgical treatment ...
Schmittling Zachary C - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is to report the use of a covered stent-graft in the endovascular treatment of a surgically created arteriovenous fistula. A 37-year-old woman with symptomatic venous ambulatory hypertension underwent a left common femoral vein-to-right common iliac vein bypass using 10 mm ringed polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) with creation ...
Halefoglu A M - - 2005
A pulmonary arteriovenous fistula is an abnormal connection between pulmonary arteries and veins. Patients with Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome may present with this vascular malformation, which is a typical finding of the disease. Approximately 5-15% of Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome patients have pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and there is usually a family history of ...
Grogan Jennifer - - 2005
Increasing use of primary arteriovenous fistulae (pAVFs) is a desired goal in hemodialysis patients (National Kidney Foundation /Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative guidelines). However, in many instances, pAVFs fail to adequately mature due to ill-defined mechanisms. We therefore investigated pAVFs with color duplex ultrasound (CDU) surveillance 4 to 12 weeks postoperatively ...
Takami Toshihiro - - 2005
We report two rare cases of progressive congestive myelopathy caused by dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) at the foramen magnum. The first, a 69-year-old male with a 2-year history of progressive myelopathy, had symptoms unrecognized due to a past history that included spinal caries and congenital dislocation of the hip. The ...
Lai C W - - 2005
Dural arteriovenous shunts and pial arteriovenous fistulas are uncommonly associated. Their etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history are still unclear and are likely different. We present three cases of high-flow dural arteriovenous shunts associated with pial arteriovenous fistulas and discuss their pathogenesis, anatomic association, and angioarchitecture. We propose that venous steal ...
Gupta Vipul - - 2005
The authors report the case of a 30-year-old man who presented with progressive neurological deficits due to a spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM). There was sudden increase in his neurological deficits after diagnostic angiography was performed. Repeated magnetic resonance imaging and angiography revealed complete thrombosis of the malformation. Stenosis in the ...
Whiteside O J H - - 2005
Arteriovenous fistula of the superficial temporal artery is a rare condition most commonly caused by trauma. Traditional surgical treatment has been superseded by endovascular embolization. We present the case of a 40 year-old man with a traumatic arteriovenous fistula of the superficial temporal artery who was treated by endovascular embolization. ...
Huang William - - 2005
An 18-year-old soldier had a gunshot wound to his left thigh during the Mexican Civil War (1910-1917). He presented with persistent bright red bleeding. His wound was treated by compression. A few years after the injury, he noticed a thrill, large varicose veins, limb swelling, and skin changes. A plain ...
Pooyan Payam - - 2005
Post-traumatic arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) between vascular structures in the thorax rarely occur. We present an unusual case of the delayed diagnosis of two post-traumatic thoracic AVF in a 70-year-old male. He had abnormal communications between an intercostal artery and an intercostal vein as well as an intercostal artery and a ...
Meckel Stephan - - 2005
MDCT angiography allows fast imaging of the cerebral vessels, and its potential as a noninvasive technique to detect vascular abnormalities on the basis of morphologic changes is well established. We analyzed vascular enhancement patterns of cerebral venous structures on MDCT angiography, which enabled us to diagnose dural arteriovenous fistula. MDCT ...
Kirmani Jawad F - - 2005
Rapid advances in the field of interventional neurology and the development of minimally invasive techniques have resulted in a great expansion of potential therapeutic applications. We discuss therapeutic interventional neurology as applied in clinical practice in one of the two possible ways: 1) embolization leading to occlusion of blood vessels; ...
Yasuda Hiroyasu - - 2005
RATIONALE: Exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) and arterial blood carboxyhemoglobin concentrations (Hb-CO) increase in inflammatory pulmonary diseases. OBJECTIVES: To study whether arterial Hb-CO is useful to monitor disease activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had stopped smoking. METHODS: We measured arterial Hb-CO, arteriovenous Hb-CO differences, and FEV1 ...
Jin Denan - - 2005
It was hypothesized that chymase may participate in hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction, as chymase has been known to be an effective enzyme in the conversion of angiotensin I (Ang I) to Ang II and in the latent TGF-beta1 to the active form. An arteriovenous (AV) fistula was created between the ...
Masutani Satoshi - - 2005
To determine a surgical procedure for the correction of a systemic arterial supply to a normal lung, it is important to evaluate whether the patient has a pulmonary arteriovenous fistula. In this article, the authors report for the first time a patient in which selective contrast echocardiography and selective perfusion ...
Yiltok S J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The introduction of haemodialysis has prolonged the lives of patients with end-stage-renal disease (ESRD). To maintain them on long-term dialysis, vascular access procedures are required. OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience with arteriovenous fistula (AVF) from a developing country. METHODS: Eighty-two AVF were created in 74 patients on maintenance haemodialysis. ...
Demirkilic Ufuk - - 2005
AIM: To delineate whether coronary arteriovenous malformations have different properties than classical discrete coronary artery fistulae. METHODS: Group 1 included 17 patients with discrete coronary fistula that represents a coronary artery fistula draining into any cardiac chamber. Group 2 included six patients with coronary arteriovenous malformations representing extensive coronary artery ...
Peters Bjoern - - 2005
We report on a patient suffering from recurrent cerebrovascular events despite previous transcatheter closure of persistent foramen ovale (PFO) with a Helex occluder. There was evidence of persistent left-to-right atrial shunt shown by transesophageal contrast echocardiography and the patient was admitted to our institution for interventional closure of the supposed ...
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