Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1313
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Herpers Robert - - 2008
The specification of arteries and veins is an essential process in establishing and maintaining a functional blood vessel system. Incorrect arteriovenous specification disrupts embryonic development but has also been diagnosed in human syndromes such as hypotrichosis-lymphedema-telangiectasia, characterized by defects in blood and lymphatic vessels and associated with mutations in SOX18. ...
Kotelis D - - 2007
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation is a recognized complication of arterial trauma. A 63-year-old man with no known risk factors for atheroma and a history of a 20-year delay in the diagnosis and treatment of a traumatic AVF presented with right calf claudication (maximal walking distance = 150 m). A duplex ...
Glodny B - - 2007
A 39-year-old man presented with erectile dysfunction that had persisted since its sudden onset 5 years ago. He exhibited none of the classic risk factors, and all attempts at medication had been unsuccessful. An ultrasound examination revealed the presence of an arteriovenous shunt in the corpus spongiosum penis. Selective digital ...
Dönmez Halil - - 2008
We report a patient who developed a large arteriovenous fistula in right lower extremity after gunshot injury. Because other endovascular methods failed, the patient was successfully treated with concomitant use of detachable latex balloon and N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA). The combination of detachable balloon and NBCA can be effectively used for endovascular ...
Andreou Alexander - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We report here our experience in treating high-flow arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) of the brain and spine using balloon-assisted glue injection. METHODS: During a 3-year period (2003-2005) five patients with high-flow AVFs were treated at our hospital using transarterial balloon-assisted glue injection. There were two pial AVFs, one dural AVF, ...
Plumb Troy J - - 2008
Steal syndrome is a well-described complication of arteriovenous fistulas used for hemodialysis access. Although distal revascularization with interval ligation appears to offer the greatest likelihood of symptom relief and vascular access salvage, not all fistulas are amenable to this procedure, particularly distal radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas. In this report, we describe ...
Rosenkranz Michael - - 2008
We report on management strategies and clinical outcomes in 4 cases of acute symptomatic congestive intracranial hypertension associated with cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Congestion resulted from high-volume shunts exhausting the drainage capacity of the cerebral venous system in 3 patients, and from sudden venous outflow obstruction in 1 patient. Two ...
Lo Hong-Yee - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) created for haemodialysis can be complicated by aneurysm formation. CLINICAL PICTURE: Ligation of the fistula is often required to prevent aneurysmal rupture and the life-threatening haemorrhage that ensues. Other methods of treatment involve using foreign bodies like mesh and grafts. TREATMENT: We describe a new method ...
Keuter X H A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may increase left ventricular hypertrophy in the hemodialysis population. Aim of this study was to compare the effects of a brachial-basilic (BB) AVF and the prosthetic brachial-antecubital forearm loop access (PTFE) on cardiac performance. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive BB-AVF or prosthetic ...
Dabbagh Ali - - 2007
A 75-year-old man referred to the outpatient vascular surgery clinic of Taleghani Hospital (Shaheed Beheshti University of Medicine, Tehran, Iran) due to a local nontender mass in his groin. In his history, it was discovered that the mass had appeared a few months after a gunshot injury. He had a ...
Gezer S - - 2007
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are abnormal communications between pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins. The majority of the cases are congenital in origin, and acquired pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are very rare. We present a case here, which - to the best of our knowledge - is the first acquired pulmonary arteriovenous malformation ...
Gelbfish Gary A - - 2007
Current clinical practice patterns have led to the performance of many percutaneous vascular procedures outside the traditional operating room and led to significant changes in management strategies for treatment of complications of arteriovenous access. In an effort to identify optimal treatment for failed or failing arteriovenous fistulas and grafts, percutaneous ...
Farber Alik - - 2007
Transposed arteriovenous fistulae have been utilized in clinical scenarios where simple arteriovenous fistulae have failed or their construction was not possible for anatomical reasons. Despite variability in published reports, transposed arteriovenous fistulae have acceptable patency rates and outperform prosthetic arteriovenous grafts in patency, frequency of intervention to maintain patency, and ...
Kiyosue H - - 2007
Although dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) occur in any structure that is covered by the dura mater, DAVFs at the posterior condylar canal have not been reported. We present a DAVF that involves the posterior condylar canal and drains into the posterior condylar vein and the occipital sinus, which was treated ...
Raffi L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Glubran 2 is a cyanoacrylate-based synthetic glue modified by the addition of a monomer synthesized by the manufacturer. With this material it is possible to obtain the stability of endovascular embolization that is needed to treat tumours and vascular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report our 3-year experience of ...
Arat A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Various techniques and materials have been used for the endovascular treatment of craniofacial high-flow arteriovenous vascular malformations, because their rarity precludes standardization of their treatment. The aim of this retrospective review is to assess Onyx as the primary embolic agent in the treatment of these vascular malformations. ...
Xia Yingpeng - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients with spinal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) who underwent surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of the intraoperative angiography (IA) for the surgical treatment of spinal AVF. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Owing to the development of interventional techniques, endovascular embolization has become the treatment of ...
Hasegawa Toru - - 2008
Vaginal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) can lead to life-threatening complications on delivery. No deliveries have been reported after selective embolization for a vaginal AVM. A 34-year-old nulliparous woman was found to have an arterial pulsatile mass on the left vaginal wall. The findings of magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography ...
Jellema K - - 2007
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) consist of a shunt between a radicular artery and a radicular vein, resulting in a progressive paraparesis. They are most prevalent in middle-aged men (male to female ratio 5 to 1). It is unknown why the shunt develops. It is possible that there are anatomical ...
Kakino Shunsuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pial single-channel arteriovenous (AV) fistulae are usually cured by interrupting only the feeding arteries identified in cerebral angiography. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old woman presented after 3 complex partial seizures due to a pial single-channel AV fistula with the varix located in the right temporal lobe. When all feeding arteries ...
Bikmaz Kerem - - 2007
Intracerebral arteriovenous fistulas of the brain may be misdiagnosed as arteriovenous malformation. There are only a few reports in the literature about this concept and to the best of our knowledge this is the first case arising from the proximal part of the anterior cerebral artery in association with an ...
Andersen P E - - 2007
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are commonly treated by embolization with coils or balloons to prevent cerebral complications and to raise the oxygenation of the blood. The Amplatzer vascular plug is a new occlusive device made of a self-expanding cylindrical nitinol mesh. It is fast and safe to position, and can be ...
Asif Arif - - 2007
At present, an arteriovenous fistula is the best available access when compared with an arteriovenous graft or a tunneled hemodialysis catheter. Preoperative vascular mapping has been shown to result in an increased placement of arteriovenous fistulae. In general, 3 modalities (physical examination, ultrasound examination and angiographic evaluation) are available for ...
Paraskevas G K - - 2007
Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) is a recognised, albeit infrequent, intracranial vascular anomaly usually detected during angiography. Its presence is associated with an increased incidence of aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation and ischaemic stroke. A unique case of PHHA discovered during autopsy is described. Additionally, the significance of PPHA in neuroscience is ...
Matsui Toru - - 2007
A 53-year-old woman presented with a ruptured intramedullary aneurysmal dilatation fed by the anterior spinal artery associated with an arteriovenous malformation located in the ventral cervical spinal cord. She developed tetraparesis and respiratory dysfunction. The neurological deterioration was caused by hematomyelia due to the ruptured aneurysmal dilatation and progression of ...
Alvarez H - - 2007
Different types of malformations share a dilated vein of Galen, but only one of them is a true vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM). The optimal window of opportunity for treatment is between 4 and 5 years of months [corrected], because this allows the child to grow and mature. Heart ...
Chapot René - - 2007
In this report the authors describe the endovascular treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) through transcranial puncture of the feeding arteries. Four patients had DAVFs that were fed by occipital arteries (OAs) that supplied blood to the intracranial meningeal arteries via the transcranial branches and coursed through the parietal and ...
Murasato Yoshinobu - - 2007
Upper-extremity central venous obstruction is often first recognized when an arteriovenous fistula is made for hemodialysis at an ipsilateral site. We encountered a case of markedly expanded edema after making an arteriovenous fistula in the left forearm. Systemic venography showed that the bilateral brachiocephalic veins and right subclavian vein were ...
Suzuki Kuri - - 2007
The presence of blood in the ejaculate is called hematospermia or hemospermia. While often perceived as a symptom of little significance, hematospermia can cause great concern to men who experience it. We report an unusual case of hematospermia associated with pelvic arteriovenous malformation (AVM). A 60-year-old man who visited our ...
Artyukhin A A - - 2007
Results of plastic replacement of a part of the deferent duct with a tubular prosthesis formed from the testicular vaginal tunica propria on an arteriovenous pedicle under conditions of a chronic experiment on dogs showed that by day 10 postoperation half of the epididymal anastomoses were obstructed, while by days ...
Wintermark P - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular diseases are rarely seen in neurofibromatosis type 1. These include vascular occlusive disease, moyamoya vessels, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations and fistulae. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of an infant with genetically proven neurofibromatosis type 1 and progressive brain hemiatrophy over months, due to primary narrowing of intracranial carotid ...
Hölscher Thilo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of intraoperative ultrasound using the phase inversion harmonic imaging (PIHI) technique. METHODS: Eight patients with intracranial middle cerebral artery aneurysms and five patients with arteriovenous malformations were studied after written informed consent. A first ultrasound study was performed through the intact dura mater after cranial ...
Ohara Takahiro - - 2007
We describe a case of a rare clinical disorder, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome. A 57-year-old man was admitted with progressive dyspnea. While breathing room air, arterial oxygen saturation decreased from 92% in a recumbent position to 83% in an upright position. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed normal left and right ventricular function, but intravenous ...
Li Feng - - 2007
Arteriovenous fistula of the scalp is relatively rare. The superficial temporal artery is particularly vulnerable to trauma due to its long and relatively exposed course in the scalp. We report a traumatic arteriovenous fistula of the superficial temporal artery treated by complete surgical excision and review the literature with regard ...
Bingöl Hakan - - 2007
The long-term effects of retained catheters in patients are not well known; therefore, the clinical presentation may differ. The authors present the case of a 21-year-old man with a pseudoaneurysm of the left common femoral artery, which developed 3 months after a transfemoral microcatheter embolization of a cerebral arteriovenous malformation ...
Iancu-Gontard D - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several angiographic features of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) have been associated with an increased risk of hemorrhage. However, interpretation of these features may not be consistent between observers. We conducted a study to determine inter- and intraobserver agreement of various angioarchitectural characteristics of BAVM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Kuo Chih-Hsi - - 2007
Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome is a disease of hereditary telangiectasia with involvement of multiple visceral organs. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a frequent clinical manifestation, that may mimic pulmonary mass. In this report, endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) was used in a 64-year-old woman with Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome who had a solitary pulmonary mass associated ...
Ferro Carlo - - 2007
Percutaneous transcatheter embolization has become the treatment of choice for pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs), in most cases replacing surgical intervention. However, while "classic" devices, such as intravascular coils and detachable balloons, have proved to be successful for interventional occlusions of small or medium-sized PAVFs, they are not ideal in larger ...
Bruzzi John F - - 2007
The development of acquired pulmonary arteriovenous communications within pulmonary metastases from an extrathoracic malignancy is a rare phenomenon, but it has potentially serious clinical consequences for the patient. We describe two such patients, both of whom developed intrametastatic pulmonary arteriovenous communications after chemotherapy of the pulmonary metastases, and one of ...
Ryu C W - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a newly designed circular ring compression device that allows safe and effective glue injection during preoperative embolization of high-flow superficial craniofacial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The device was used in 4 cases of craniofacial AVM with multiple feeding arteries and ...
Pierce George E - - 2007
This report describes the surgical management of 12 hemodialysis patients with arteriovenous fistulae in whom non-infected, fusiform venous aneurysms developed that compromised access for dialysis. The venous aneurysmal changes were too extensive to permit excision and primary veno-venous anastomosis. To avoid the use of synthetic interpositional grafts, the venous aneurysms ...
Roberts Hugh - - 2007
A 55-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of progressive skin thickening involving the right hand associated with Raynaud's phenomenon, sclerodactyly and painful cutaneous ulcers. An arteriovenous fistula for haemodialysis had been formed on the same arm 2 years previously. There were no symptoms or signs of systemic sclerosis or ...
Oishi Makoto - - 2007
A 35-year-old man suffered secondary generalized tonic-clonic convulsions due to a large brain abscess. Neuroimaging incidentally revealed another tumor-like lesion. Cerebral angiography confirmed that the lesion was an unusual giant venous varix associated with a high-flow pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and showed one more small arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Pulmonary AVF, ...
Hariri Arvin - - 2007
The KPS Rinspirator (Kerberos Proximal Solutions, Cupertino, Calif.) is a new thrombectomy device that operates by manually controlled, simultaneous, intravessel infusion and aspiration of fluid to cause localized clot dissolution. We evaluate the ability of the KPS Rinspirator to treat acute (<3 days) and subacute (3-7 days) deep venous and ...
Weber W - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report our experiences in the treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with Onyx embolization before neuro- or radiosurgery, focusing on the embolization technique with Onyx. METHODS: Ninety-three patients (40 women and 53 men, mean age 38 years) with 94 intracranial AVMs with a mean volume of ...
Osada Hisato - - 2007
We encountered a case of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the gallbladder in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed serpentine vessels around and within the gallbladder wall. Angiography showed dilated and tortuous cystic arteries, a racemose vascular network, and early-filling cystic veins. Transcatheter arterial embolization of ...
Hori Emiko - - 2007
A 41-year-old man presented with consciousness disturbance and right hemiparesis. Computed tomography showed a hematoma in the frontal lobe. Left carotid angiography showed a dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) located in the cranial vault, supplied by the left middle meningeal artery, and drained directly into the cortical vein adjacent to the ...
Lagares A - - 2007
Dural arteriovenous fistulas presenting with ascending myelopathy are characterised by the presence of an abnormal retrograde drainage through spinal veins. The authors present a case of cranial dural arteriovenous fistula causing brainstem dysfunction secondary to venous hypertension, treated by surgical interruption of the pial venous drainage which resulted in complete ...
Gloviczki P - - 2007
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare, sporadic, complex malformation characterized by the clinical triad of (1) capillary malformations (port wine stain); (2) soft tissue and bone hypertrophy or, occasionally, hypotrophy of usually one lower limb; and (3) atypical, mostly lateral varicosity. KTS is a mixed vascular malformation, with predominant capillary, ...
Yamada Shunsuke - - 2006
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) consists of abnormal communications between the pulmonary arteries and veins. Because PAVM may cause neurological defects (such as stroke and brain abscess) or hemoptysis and hemothorax, embolization therapy or surgery is required. Resection using video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has recently been performed for small peripheral PAVMs. ...
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