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Higa Guillermo - - 2010
Vascular involvement in the setting of neurofibromatosis type 1(NF1) has been well described. However, the coexistence of NF1 with vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) is a rare occurrence. A 60-year-old female with NF1 and other severe comorbidities presented with acute respiratory insufficiency caused by a ruptured large ...
Coleman C I - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of antiplatelet agents on the thrombosis rates of arteriovenous fistulae and grafts used for haemodialysis access. In this meta analysis, a systematic search of the literature was used to identify randomised controlled trials evaluating the effect of antiplatelet agents in ...
Lioupis Christos - - 2010
Objective: Although European Best Practice Guidelines on vascular access recommend universal pre-operative duplex scan in patients receiving brachio-cephalic (BC) arteriovenous fistulae (AVF), this is not widespread practice. Furthermore, cadaveric and angiographic studies suggest that variation in upper limb arterial anatomy is common. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of ...
Choi Sun Young - - 2010
We present a 64-year-old woman with left leg swelling for 1 year. Computed tomography imaging showed a large pelvic arteriovenous malformation that consisted of multiple fine shunts between the left internal iliac artery and the long segment of the left external iliac vein. A stent graft was inserted within the ...
Schumacher Kurt R - - 2010
We report the use of an absorbable pulmonary artery band to limit postoperative cyanosis due to severe pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae in a 5-year-old girl with post-Fontan palliation takedown to a two-ventricle repair. At 1-year postoperatively, her fistulae had nearly resolved with no distortion of her pulmonary artery anatomy. This case ...
Sakurai Hiroyuki - - 2010
Several previous reports have documented arteriovenous malformations associated with anomalies of the arterial tree. We report two cases in which a malformation on the foot coexisted with arterial variants of the popliteal artery. Careful therapeutic planning was required to avoid jeopardising perfusion to the distal area.
Lin Chung-Jung - - 2010
We report a 61-year-old male with an intraorbital arteriovenous fistula. Due to the close proximity of the arterial feeder to the central retinal artery, and the tiny calibre of the draining branches of the superior ophthalmic vein, transvenous embolization of the fistula by Onyx was preferred. The procedure completely obliterated ...
Chaudry Mohammed - - 2010
Untreated traumatic arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) have been associated with aneurysmal dilatation of the involved artery and vein, congestive heart failure, and limb ischemia. Open surgical repair of these lesions can be challenging due to the elevated venous pressure and surrounding inflammation. This case report describes a hybrid open and endovascular ...
Letourneau-Guillon Laurent - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Amplatzer vascular plugs (AVPs) for percutaneous closure of arteries feeding pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 45-month period, 24 consecutive patients with at least one PAVM treated with an AVP were selected from a database on patients with a ...
O'Connor David J - - 2010
A woman presented for evaluation of new-onset left arm edema after failed laser-assisted pacemaker lead extraction. Initial workup demonstrated a left subclavian artery to vein arteriovenous fistula (AVF). She underwent repair of the AVF with placement of a covered stent in the subclavian artery, however, her symptoms did not completely ...
Berg Adam M - - 2010
Spontaneous hemothorax as a result of a ruptured pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is a life-threatening event and requires immediate interventional therapy. We present two patients who survived following emergent embolization. Definitive thoracentesis was delayed until embolization was performed. The tamponade provided by the hemothorax may have prevented exsanguination, suggesting to ...
Cura Marco - - 2010
Vascular malformations of the kidney are disease processes that involve renal veins and arteries and include congenital arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and arteriovenous fistulas. AVMs are congenital communications between arteries and veins with a vascular nidus that bypass the capillary bed. Congenital AVMs are rare and subclassified in cirsoid, angiomatous, and ...
Kuo Hsuan-Fu - - 2010
A 39-year-old female visited our cardiovascular outpatient department with paresthesia and soreness around the right popliteal fossa, where thrill was palpable. There was no history of trauma, apart from her having undergone acupuncture several years previously. An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) was diagnosed by vascular ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. Angiography ...
Loureiro Caio Cesar de Souza - - 2010
Mandibular arteriovenous malformation is a severe vascular pathological condition that may lead to life-threatening hemorrhages. In child and teenaged patients, a conservative treatment is preferred to avoid profuse blood loss and/or mutilating alterations in the still-growing patients' face. The aim of this article was to present a case of an ...
Casasco A - - 2011
SUMMARY: PMAVFs are rare entities that are formed by a direct communication between an artery that feeds the spinal cord and a vein. The goal of treatment is to occlude the shunt; this is done endovascularly either from an arterial or a venous approach. When these approaches are not possible, ...
Ninagawa Jun - - 2010
Parkes Weber syndrome is a rare disease characterized by overgrowth of an extremity linked to the presence of an arteriovenous malformation with multiple arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). We report a patient with Parkes Weber syndrome with high-output cardiac failure due to multiple AVFs complicated by severe aortic regurgitation (AR) who required ...
Choi Hyuk Jin - - 2010
Anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) are very rare and the bleeding rate is very high, especially in the presence of leptomeningeal draining vein and aneurysmal varix formation. A 85-year-old male patient presented with subdural hematoma (SDH). Magnetic resonance image (MRI) and transfemoral carotid angiography (TFCA) disclosed DAVF at ...
Bentaarit Bouteina - - 2010
Paradoxical embolism is an increasingly reported cause of arterial embolism. Several embolic sources have been described, but thrombosis of an arteriovenous fistula as a paradoxical emboligenic source has not, to the best of our knowledge, been reported. A 50-year-old Caucasian woman received a renal graft for primary hyperoxaluria. After transplantation, ...
Morihiro Yusuke - - 2010
A 64-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage from a small brainstem arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Cerebral angiography showed a small AVM in the lateral midbrain, which was fed by a basilar perforating artery, and drained into the right transverse pontine vein and superior petrous vein. Endovascular embolization in the acute stage ...
Jimbo Hiroyuki - - 2010
Most arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) associated with the meningeal artery in the anterior cranial fossa are the pure dural type, and mixed pial-dural AVMs are rare. Two types of mixed pial-dural AVM occur in the anterior cranial fossa according to the shunting point: one with the nidus in the brain parenchyma ...
Van Canneyt Koen - - 2010
PURPOSE: An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the first choice vascular access for hemodialysis. The AVF pathway can be seen as consisting of seven segments: proximal artery, distal artery, arterial collaterals, proximal vein, distal vein, venous collaterals, and the anastomosis. While most studies describe access complications without considering the impact of ...
Ochoa Daniela A - - 2010
Vascular access for hemodialysis by arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is broadly recommended. Vein depth in many obese patients makes cannulation of an otherwise successful AVF difficult or impossible. We reviewed the case of an obese patient where liposuction was used to remove adipose tissue resulting in a superficial and easily accessed ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Intractable cyanosis after partial or complete cavopulmonary connection may rarely be managed by creating a systemic arteriovenous fistula. We investigated the long-term performance of arteriovenous fistulae. METHODS: All 21 patients who received an arteriovenous fistula at The Hospital for Sick Children since the 1950s were investigated using parametric competing ...
Hsu Charlie C-T - - 2010
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are abnormal direct connections between the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein which result in a right-to-left shunt. They are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality mainly from the effects of paradoxical emboli. Potential complications include stroke, cerebral abscess, pulmonary haemorrhage and hypoxaemia. Embolisation therapy is a form ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2010
A sudden death due to hemothorax caused by spontaneous rupture of a congenital pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is reported. A 44-year-old woman died unexpectedly with chest pain and dyspnea. The post-mortem examination revealed a massive right-sided hemothorax arising from a subpleural AVM of the upper lobe. There were multiple telangiectases ...
Yim Deane - - 2010
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are caused by an abnormal vascular communication between a pulmonary artery and vein. They are usually congenital in nature and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality if left untreated. Transcatheter techniques are the favoured option for PAVM occlusion in children, and large lesions can have ...
Colby Geoffrey P - - 2009
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are the most common type of spinal arteriovenous malformation and are an important, underdiagnosed cause of progressive myelopathy and morbidity in patients with spine disorders. Successful microsurgical management of these lesions is dependent on the surgeon's ability to identify vessels of the fistula and to ...
Leduc Fran??ois - - 2009
We report an unusual presentation of a complication after pulmonary wedge resection. A patient with a history of pulmonary wedge resection for coccidioma presented postoperatively with dyspnea and severe hypoxemia. Cerebral infarctions were diagnosed less than 1 year later. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and pulmonary angiogram revealed a pulmonary arteriovenous ...
Shedid Daniel - - 2009
Progressive nature of the myelopathy seen in patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas call for timely diagnosis and surgical intervention to alleviate symptoms of neurologic dysfunction. We present a case report of a 51-year-old male presented with progressive sensory and motor deficits, along with gait instability associated with urinary incontinence for ...
Schepers Stijn - - 2009
Iliocaval arteriovenous fistula is an uncommon, but challenging condition. The most common cause is spontaneous rupture of the iliac artery into the venous system due to aneurismal dilatation. We report a case of iliocaval fistula after previous aortic surgery presenting as acute liver failure as most prominent part of multiple ...
La Piana R R Department of Neuroradiology, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University; Montreal, QC, Canada - Unit of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Niguarda Ca' Granda Hospital; Milan, Italy - - - 2009
Intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are defined as the direct communication of arteries to abnormal veins without interposing capillaries. Although AVMs can have various clinical presentations due to their dynamic nature, the most common presenting sign is intracerebral hemorrhage. Whenever an AVM is discovered, the therapeutic choice is often not obvious ...
Aboian Mariam S - - 2009
Recent clinical and experimental evidence has challenged the traditional concept of the venous system as a "passive" element in the genesis and evolution of intracranial vascular malformations. The authors review the clinical and experimental evidence linking the venous system and its anomalies to the genesis of various intracranial vascular malformations, ...
Vourliotakis George - - 2009
A 58-year-old woman presented with gangrene of the left upper arm stump caused by an arteriovenous malformation originating from the subclavian artery. She had been treated unsuccessfully in the past with repeated attempts of coil embolization and d??bridement, but finally she underwent arm amputation. A 14 mm diameter occlusion self-expandable ...
Vassilyadi Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Dural arteriovenous fistulas are uncommon lesions in children, with traumatic lesions suspected to arise from incomplete arterial injury in proximity to a vein or draining sinus. Management of symptomatic acquired lesions requires evaluation of patient presentation, neurological status, and pathoanatomic configuration, with special consideration required for surgery secondary to ...
Madana J - - 2010
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an uncommon vascular anomaly usually present in intracranial location, however may be present in other sites of the body, mostly in the head and neck region. The lesion may be present since birth or caused by trauma, but may become obvious during puberty or pregnancy. The ...
Vasquez Julio C - - 2009
Aneurysms of the iliac vein are rare. They can occur in association with arteriovenous fistulae located elsewhere. Here, we present a 30-year-old man who developed a large left external iliac vein aneurysm in association with a chronic traumatic arteriovenous fistula in the left thigh. Less than 25 cases of iliac ...
Layton Kennith F - - 2009
Endovascular treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas can be very challenging. Conventional endovascular treatment approaches include transarterial or transvenous access from the common femoral artery or vein, respectively. A novel approach is described for endovascular treatment of an aggressive type 4 dural arteriovenous fistula. This patient, who had recently suffered ...
Pagnotta Paolo - - 2009
We describe a case of a 70-year-old man with a critical popliteal artery stenosis treated by directional atherectomy and complicated by a huge arteriovenous fistula. A 70-year-old man, previously treated by bilateral femoropopliteal bypass, was admitted to our hospital because of right leg intermittens claudication. A critical infrapopliteal stenosis was ...
Strozyk Dorothea - - 2009
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain are vascular lesions in which an abnormal tangle or nidus of vessels permits pathologic shunting of blood flow from the arterial to the venous tree without an intervening capillary bed. With brain imaging techniques, an increasing number of AVMs are detected before they hemorrhage, ...
McConnell Kathleen A - - 2009
Dural arteriovenous fistulas are characterized by abnormal arteriovenous shunting localized to the pachymeninges. Fistulae venous drainage is essential to their classification, symptomatology, and treatment. Endovascular therapy is rapidly progressing to an adjunct or even alternative treatment to microsurgical resection. Several techniques, such as transarterial or transvenous embolization with metallic coils, ...
Martines F - - 2009
Arteriovenous malformation of the head and neck is a rare vascular anomaly but when present is persistent and progressive in nature and can represent a lethal benign disease. An unusual case is presented of an arteriovenous malformation of the base of tongue in a 32-year-old primigravida at 23.2 weeks of ...
Hsu P-K - - 2009
A centrally located large pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) with aneurysmal formation is uncommon and the optimal treatment remains unclear. Here we report a 63-year-old female with a large PAVM located in the pulmonary hilum presenting with dyspnea and a brain abscess. A muscle-sparing thoracotomy with lobectomy of the left upper ...
Modi Manish - - 2010
A 24-year-old male presented with progressive cervical myelopathy of 2 months' duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine and angiography revealed a large arteriovenous fistula arising from the left vertebral artery. The present case highlights the clinical features and dramatic recovery following endovascular balloon occlusion of a giant cervical ...
Turkmen Mehmet - - 2010
Klippel-Trenaunay Weber syndrome (KTWS) is the coexistence of capillary vascular malformations, varicose veins, dilated arteries and arteriovenous fistulas, soft tissue and/or bone hypertrophy. We present a girl of KTWS associated with hypertrophied left kidney, enlargement in venous structures of the left kidney, recurrent bloody vaginal discharge and angiokeratomas. A 6-year-old ...
Yevzlin Alexander S - - 2009
The past decade has witnessed an evolution of the specialty of Nephrology in the United States to an interventional discipline. Traditionally, Interventional Nephrologists have focused on the venous side of an arteriovenous access. However, these specialists are beginning to include arterial disease related to renal patients under the purview of ...
Carangelo B - - 2009
The authors report about a case of the endovascular treatment of a pial arteriovenous malformation (AVM). The lesion was located on the conus medullaris. This injury is a rare spinal AVM. The diagnostic management and surgical treatment was chosen with a collaboration between neurosurgeons and neuroradiologists. The diagnostic management was ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2009
A 59-year-old male presented with generalized seizure. The patient had not been aware of any traumatic head injuries or preceding infection, and had no contributory medical history. On admission, he was alert and well oriented, without neurological impairment or headache. He was afebrile and blood examination showed no abnormal findings. ...
Lv X X Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing, China - - - 2009
Transverse/sigmoid sinus (TS) is the most common location for cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). Most of them are cured by venous embolization or a combination of arterial embolization and surgery/radiosurgery. Our goal was to reconsider the endovascular treatment strategy of TSDAVFs according to the new possibilities of arterial embolization using ...
Li Q-Z - - 2009
We report here a case of special paradoxical brain embolism in a 40-year-old woman with neurological events who was diagnosed with medulla oblongata infarction. Contrast-enhanced pulmonary CT discovered that the patient had a pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF). The PAVF was later surgically resected. We conclude that if a patent foramen ...
Shedid Daniel - - 2009
Progressive nature of the myelopathy seen in patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas call for timely diagnosis and surgical intervention to alleviate symptoms of neurologic dysfunction. We present a case report of a 51-year-old male presented with progressive sensory and motor deficits, along with gait instability associated with urinary incontinence for ...
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