Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1312
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Tanaka M - - 2001
Summary: Three cases of occult micro-arteriovenous malformations not identified by cerebral angiography or other imaging modalities were detected by superselective angiography. The first case had a small intracerebral hemorrhage in the superior colliculus, the second had a perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage, and the third presented with intracerebral hemorrhage combined with massive ...
Douglas L L - - 2001
Successful chronic haemodialysis requires permanent vascular access. The Scribner procedure which utilizes an external arteriovenous shunt, the internal synthetic arteriovenous shunt and the direct arteriovenous fistula as described by Cimino and Brescia have all been used for haemodialysis. Of the three methods, the arteriovenous fistula is the most trouble-free and ...
Shimizu S - - 2001
A 50-year-old man was treated with stereotactic gamma knife radiosurgery for an incidentally detected small callosal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) with stenosis of the main draining pathway. He suffered two episodes of intraventricular hemorrhage at 4 and 14 weeks after the radiosurgery. Radiological studies demonstrated that the anterior portion of the ...
Sugiu K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Spinal perimedullary arteriovenous fistulae are rarely reported in the literature and can be treated via both endovascular and direct surgical approaches. Coils, glues, and balloons have all been used to embolize these fistulae. Cellulose acetate polymer (CAP) solution is a liquid embolic material that was originally developed ...
Klingebiel R - - 2001
PURPOSE: We present a protocol for the non-invasive angiographic assessment of the arterial and venous cerebrovascular (CV) system by multi-slice CT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data acquisition was performed in a multi-slice CT scanner with a scan range from the carotid bifurcation to the vertex and manual scan start following i.v. ...
Yabe T - - 2001
Four cases of fingertip replantation using a single volar arteriovenous anastomosis and drainage with a transverse tip incision are reported. Because of lack of suitable arteries for anastomosis in the amputated finger, in each case a volar radial vein was anastomosed to the proximal digital artery and external drainage was ...
Larsson E S - - 2001
The development of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations is a well-known complication after Fontan operations, and may result in significant morbidity due to increasing arterial desaturation. We compared the use of bubble contrast echocardiography and pulmonary angiography in detecting such malformations. We also examined which anatomical and haemodynamic variables were associated with ...
Sismanis A - - 2001
Tinnitus is a common otologic symptom secondary to numerous etiologies, such as noise exposure, otitis, Meniere's disease, otosclerosis, trauma, medications, and presbycusis. A thorough evaluation is necessary to rule out less common causes, which may include acoustic neuromas, glomus tumors, atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries, arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs), arteriovenous fistulae ...
Piotin M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of endovascular treatment of patients having both arteriovenous malformations and aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventy consecutive patients underwent pretherapeutic selective and superselective angiography. In each patient, the following were recorded: demographic information; clinical symptoms; location of the arteriovenous malformation, including presence of aneurysms; ...
Huang P P - - 2001
We report a case of a 19-year-old woman who underwent radiosurgical treatment of a residual arteriovenous malformation. Nine months after treatment, repeat angiography revealed a de novo paranidal aneurysm that was treated endovascularly. We postulate that changes in flow dynamics or vessel integrity after radiosurgery contributed to the formation of ...
Park J Y - - 2001
Pulsatile tinnitus is a rarely occurring symptom of vascular origin. Most frequently, the symptoms are due to an arteriovenous malformation, to a tumor of the jugular glomus or to a local arterial stenosis. A 39-yr-old Korean male suffering from pulsatile tinnitus of the left ear was diagnosed to have dural ...
Garcia-Schürmann J M - - 2001
A 44-year-old woman underwent radial nephrotomy for a symptomatic stone in a caliceal diverticulum. Five days after an uneventful postoperative course of 1 week, she presented with gross hematuria. Routine ultrasound demonstrated a hypoechoic lesion in the kidney; color-coded sonography revealed an arteriovenous fistula. The hematuria ended before the scheduled ...
Fujita A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Complete interruption of a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) has been confirmed intraoperatively by visual inspection and intraoperative angiography. To confirm complete interruption of the shunt flow during the surgical treatment of a tentorial DAVF, we used intraoperative microvascular doppler monitoring. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 71-year-old man suffered from severe subarachnoid ...
Joseph S - - 2001
Repetitive hemodialysis was made possible through the development of a chronic means of accessing the circulation. This was accomplished through the use of arteriovenous fistulae or grafts, using autologous veins or synthetic materials. Although the arteriovenous fistula remains the access of choice, synthetic arteriovenous grafts are used in most patients ...
Fukai J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We report a rare case of traumatic dural arteriovenous fistula involving the superior sagittal sinus successfully treated by transarterial intravenous coil embolization. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old woman presented with tension headache. She had a past history of severe head injury at the age of three. Computed tomography scanning showed ...
Apostolopoulou S C - - 2001
Large pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) carry a significant risk of neurologic complications and present technical difficulties in transcatheter treatment with use of coils or detachable balloons. A 26-year-old man with a giant PAVM, who had undergone unsuccessful attempted closure with use of a Gianturco-Grifka occlusion device in the past, underwent ...
Dufour H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: To describe the surgical resection of a giant intracerebral arteriovenous fistula with involvement of dura mater and surrounding bone. Intraoperative bleeding was controlled by hypothermic circulatory arrest. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This 46-year-old woman complained of persistent headache for 1 year; her diagnostic workup revealed the presence of an ...
Nara T - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report the perioperative management of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) closure in a patient with high-output heart failure and pulmonary hypertension. CLINICAL FEATURES: In a 71-yr-old man, closure of a long-standing massive AVF between the right femoral artery and vein was performed. After closure of the AVF, his pulmonary artery ...
Newfield P - - 2001
Intracranial arteriovenous malformations can occur singly, multiply, and in conjunction with aneurysms and denovo, family, or in conjunction with connective-tissue disorders. Intracranial hemorrhage is the most common presentation, occurring in 20% to 50% of cases. In children, seizures are the second most common presentation occurring in 15% to 20% of ...
Misumi T - - 2001
Coronary arteriovenous fistula is a relatively rare congenital malformation. The course of this malformation is generally benign, and rupture of the fistula is thought to be very rare. We report a case of rupture of an aneurysm of a coronary arteriovenous fistula that originated from the distal left circumflex coronary ...
Szkutnik M - - 2001
Patients with complex congenital cardiac malformations who have been converted to the Fontan circulation with partial exclusion of the hepatic veins may develop progressive cyanosis because of formation of intrahepatic veno-venous malformations. We describe transcatheter closure of a major intrahepatic fistula in such a setting using an Amplatzer septal occluder ...
Klisch J - - 2001
We report a new variation of the well-established experimental arteriovenous malformation (AVM) model in swine. To provide high flow through the rete mirabile (nidus, RM) and thereby to reduce the rate of spontaneous thrombosis of the AVM, we performed an end-to-end anastomosis of the left common carotid artery (CCA) and ...
Matsumoto K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Vertex epidural hematomas are rare. We describe the features of a vertex epidural hematoma associated with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of the meningeal artery created by a laceration of the dura mater underlying a linear skull fracture. Although AVF associated with convexity epidural hematomas has been reported, we know ...
Mansueto G - - 2001
PURPOSE: To present a case of massive idiopathic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) successfully treated with an endovascular procedure. CASE REPORT: A 42-year-old woman with microscopic hematuria was found to have a massive idiopathic renal AVF. Percutaneous embolization was undertaken using a dual approach to deliver an occluding balloon through the draining ...
Kiyosue H - - 2001
The hypoglossal canals are an unusual location for dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) to appear. One previous report of dural AVFs involving the hypoglossal canal has been published. In the present paper, the authors describe a dural AVF within the hypoglossal canal, which presented with ocular symptoms and was successfully treated ...
Chikamatsu E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Congenital arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the pelvis are relatively rare and are difficult to treat because of diffuse extension and the number of feeding vessels. METHODS: We describe a patient with a pelvic AVM with shunts who also developed iliac vein thrombosis. The AVM was diagnosed during evaluation of ...
Nair R - - 2001
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are uncommon and usually follow trauma or preceding arterial catheterization or puncture. Spontaneous AVFs are rare. A case of spontaneous AVF of the superficial femoral artery and vein in an HIV-infected patient is presented. Histologic examination of the artery showed features similar to those seen in HIV-related ...
Tani S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Rich and complicated vascular structures on the spinal cord often interfere with obliteration of a spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Vascular orientation during spinal AVM surgery is essential. The authors recently performed six consecutive spinal AVM surgeries in five patients (two with perimedullary AVMs, and three with dural arteriovenous fistulae) ...
Tsumoto T - - 2001
A 57-year-old male presented with a frontal bone defect associated with a middle meningeal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) manifesting as headache. The patient had a history of head injury 19 years previously. Skull radiography and computed tomography demonstrated a left frontal bone defect. Left external carotid angiography demonstrated a middle meningeal ...
Ito M - - 2000
We report a unique case of a 3-year-old boy with a pial arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the medulla. The patient presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a 3 x 1 cm flow void area in the premedullary cistern that was compressing the medulla posteriorly. Cerebral angiography ...
Mattle H P - - 2000
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) consists of one or more arteries that drain through one or several small openings directly into one or more veins. The capillary system between arteries and veins is missing. The natural history of an unruptured AVM demonstrates a 1-2% bleeding rate and once ruptured a 2-4% ...
Miyasaka K - - 2000
Summary: The arterial and venous anatomy of the spinal cord was described in terms of extrinsic and intrinsic contribution to the cord substance. Based upon anatomical location of an arteriovenous shunt, spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were classified into intramedullary AVM, perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and dural AVF. This simple classification ...
Urness L D - - 2000
The mature circulatory system is comprised of two parallel, yet distinct, vascular networks that carry blood to and from the heart. Studies have suggested that endothelial tubes are specified as arteries and veins at the earliest stages of angiogenesis, before the onset of circulation. To understand the molecular basis for ...
Mhiri C - - 2000
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF), the most common vascular malformations of the spine, are usually supplied by branches of the intercostal or lumbar arteries. Rarely, the DAVF are fed by branches of the hypogastric artery. Only 12 such cases have been reported. A 28 year-old man presented with a 2-month ...
Nakai Y - - 2000
A 58-year-old male presented with a rare association of an infratentorial arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and ipsilateral persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) manifesting as sudden onset of headache and vomiting. Computed tomography revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage, and digital subtraction angiography demonstrated an infratentorial AVM mainly fed by the left superior cerebellar artery ...
Pollock B E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Causes of neurological deficits after arteriovenous malformation (AVM) radiosurgery, including hemorrhage, radiation injury, and delayed cyst formation, are described. CONCEPT: Occlusive hyperemia has been described as a reason for neurological deterioration after AVM resection. Thrombosis of draining veins or dural sinuses is thought to cause postoperative bleeding or neurological ...
DeVita M V - - 2000
There is no single effective means of assessing arteriovenous access function, although monitoring hemodialysis venous pressure (VP) or measuring access recirculation may be of some benefit. The present study assesses prospectively the efficacy of following the peak systolic velocity (PSV) as a single measure to detect arteriovenous graft (AVG) stenosis. ...
Numaguchi Y - - 2000
Summary: We report 2 patients with arteriovenous malformation (AVM) associated with complete occlusion of the unilateral middle cerebral artery and moyamoya vessels. Xenon CT CBF study demonstrated diffusely decreased CMF in unilateral or bilateral hemispheres with multiple areas of decreased vascular reserve. A significant reduction of AVM size was seen ...
Miyachi S - - 2000
This study investigated the angiographic changes in embolised arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) pre- and post-embolisation and preradiosurgery to clarify the usefulness of embolisation as a pretreatment for radiosurgery and the strategy of embolisation for the radiosurgical success. A total of 37 patients with cerebral AVMs treated over a period of 4 ...
Sands A - - 2000
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are a rare but recognized cause of cyanosis in childhood. Lesions may be acquired as in hepatopulmonary syndrome or they may be congenital, particularly in association with certain multisystem disorders. Large fistulas are more common than multiple small connections. Two cases. both boys, presenting in the ...
Ikezaki K - - 2000
A rare occurrence of type IV spinal arteriovenous malformation (intradural perimedullary arteriovenous fistula) is described in an 18-month-old boy initially misdiagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome. An intramedullary mixed-intensity mass lesion at Th1 was demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging together with flow voids over the dorsal aspect of the swollen spinal cord. ...
Oliveira G H - - 2000
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas are rare, usually related to the Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome, and are detected by chest CT scan or pulmonary angiography. In a 14-year-old boy without Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome, but with clinical evidence of a right-to-left shunt, ancillary diagnostic studies were negative for pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas, and the final diagnosis was ...
Iqbal M - - 2000
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are a rare clinical entity. Most of them are associated with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia. The usual clinical presentation is exertional dyspnoea and hypoxaemia. The initial test of choice for screening is the 100% oxygen method. A pulmonary angiogram is needed to define the anatomy and guide ...
Harris O A - - 2000
High grade gliomas foster an environment rich in angiogenic factors that promote neovascularity. We report a case of a cerebral arteriovenous malformation, which developed in the setting of a high grade astrocytoma. The patient presented with complaints of confusion and left hemiparesis. An initial cerebral angiogram was normal. Repeat angiography ...
Matsubara S - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are occasionally associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), which is characterized by the presence of multiple mucocutaneous telangiectasia, epistaxis, and familial inheritance. We analyzed the angiographic and clinical characteristics of patients with cerebral AVMs related to HHT. METHODS: Among 638 patients with cerebral ...
Ohtakara K - - 2000
The authors describe the case of a 51-year-old man with a Type 1 dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) located at the junction of the transverse and sigmoid sinuses. The dural AVF developed after the patient underwent a craniotomy for an acute extradural hematoma. The patient suffered pulsatile tinnitus 3 months after ...
Yamakuchi M - - 2000
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare condition which occasionally causes neurological complications. A 43-year-old female with multiple PAVFs presented with several episodes of amaurosis fugax and transient right hemiparesis. She had no other vascular abnormality, and her human leukocyte antigen haplotype did not coincide with previous patients with hereditary ...
Dogan R - - 2000
Contrary to acquired arteriovenous fistulas, the congenital malformations are very rare. Here we report a case of congenital arteriovenous fistula forming a communication between the right subclavian artery to subclavian vein. To our knowledge, there is no similar case in which an infant has been successfully operated on for cardiac ...
Liu Y - - 2000
We analysed 10 cases of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) associated with aneurysms and reviewed the literature in order to confirm the clinical characteristics of AVMs associated with aneurysms. The mean incidence of aneurysms in our AVM population was 9.1% and the average age was 38 years. The ratio of male to ...
Rosenow J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Type IVc arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the spinal cord consist of multiple high-flow feeding vessels, and they often present a challenging management situation. Their location is intradural and extramedullary, and they are rare malformations that are difficult to treat owing to the risk of thrombosis of the ...
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