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Zasorin S V - - 2010
Many centres appear to perform carotid endarterectomy solely based on the findings of duplex scanning. There are two fundamental methods aimed at assessing the stenosis degree during an altrasonographic study, i. e., planimetric examination and Doppler altrasonography. Doppler ultrasonographic criteria have an independentsignificance when the assessment of the stenosis degree ...
Motoc A - - 2010
The male gonad receives nerve fibers from the autonomic ganglionic system. By the present study, we aimed to bring detailed evidences, topographic and structural, on the spermatic ganglia (SG) in humans, as suppliers of autonomic fibers for the testis. We performed retroperitoneal dissections in 25 formalin-fixed human male adult cadavers. ...
Cam Akin - - 2010
Renovascular hypertension due to atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. Percutaneous catheter-based renal artery revascularization has been increasingly utilized for the treatment of renal artery stenosis. Renal artery stenting has a high technical success rate, but the rate of improvement in hypertension is somewhat ...
Chrysochou Constantina - - 2010
With an increasingly ageing and atherosclerotic-prone population, clinical encounters with patients with atheromatous renovascular disease (ARVD) are commonplace. ARVD is frequently associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension, but evidence suggests that causality only occurs in the minority and it is likely that many atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS) ...
Stouffer G A - - 2010
Unilateral renal artery ligation (RAL) causes a short-term vascular inflammatory reaction in ApoE-/- mice, but whether this persists is unknown. Partial constriction of the right renal artery resulted in a mild, sustained increase in systolic blood pressure over the 90 days of the study, whereas there was no change in ...
Ogeng'o Julius A - - 2010
Variant anatomy of renal arteries is important in renal transplant, vascular reconstruction, and uroradiological procedures. The variations show ethnic and population differences. Data from Africans are scarce and altogether absent for Kenyans. To describe patterns of origin, trajectories and branching of renal arteries in a Kenyan population. Descriptive cross-sectional study ...
Lund Morten Enemark ME Dept. of Mechanics and Production, Denmark. - - 2010
Renal Artery Stenosis (RAS) is the most common cause of secondary hypertension, and early diagnosis is important since correct and timely treatment may cure hypertension and prevent loss of renal function. This study investigates a new approach to diagnosing renal artery stenosis by computer analysis of the phonogram recorded with ...
Peynircio─člu Bora - - 2011
Spontaneous, isolated focal renal artery dissection is an extremely rare cause of renovascular hypertension. Imaging technology for the renal arteries has evolved recently with the development of multidetector computed tomography angiography (CTA), and intravascular ultrasound. We describe a 52-year-old man with spontaneous renal artery dissection complicated by renovascular hypertension, successfully ...
Menegolo Mirko - - 2009
A left renal artery aneurysm (RAA) was incidentally discovered in a 50-year-old hypertensive woman at renal artery duplex scan. The computed tomography angiography scan confirmed an eccentric, 2-cm large aneurysm localized on a prehilar branch with a very twisted and coiled main renal artery. The selective digital subtraction angiography allowed ...
Kimura H - - 2009
Pediatric renovascular hypertension (RVH) associated with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a rare entity that is often resistant to endovascular treatment. A 12-year-old girl with NF1 and hypertension presented with severe stenosis of the right main renal artery and its posterior segment, the latter of which thrombosed spontaneously, and total occlusion ...
Ginat Daniel T - - 2009
Renal artery embolization is a minimally invasive procedure that is increasingly being used for treatment of a wide range of conditions. The main indications for renal artery embolization include (1) prenephrectomy and preradiofrequency ablation infarction of renal tumors, (2) management of renal angiomyolipomas, (3) palliations of unresectable renal malignancy, (4) ...
Iida Masato - - 2010
Patients with aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) have an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS) develop resistant hypertension and heart failure. We hypothesized AVS may be copresent with RAS in hypertensive patients. Hypertensive patients with AVS (n = 167) underwent magnetic resonance (MR) angiography using ...
Giannakopoulos Stilianos - - 2010
We report the case of a male patient with a left renal pelvic stone 2.5 cm in maximum diameter and a large upper pole intrarenal arterial aneurysm on the same side. The stone was treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). This procedure was feasible even in this difficult clinical setting. Puncture ...
Inan Kaan - - 2010
Retrograde (proximal) migration of an abdominal aortic aneurysm endograft is an extremely rare event during endovascular insertion and may lead to occlusion of the bilateral renal arteries and dialysis-dependent renal failure. This case report describes the intraoperative retrograde migration of a bifurcated abdominal aortic endograft during the initial endovascular procedure ...
Huang Wei - - 2010
A high-positioned bifurcation of abdominal aorta upon a horseshoe kidney at the level of upper L2 vertebral body was detected during contrast enhanced abdominal computed tomography scan. The isthmus was clamped between the two elevated and extended common iliac arteries. The right renal artery arose from right common iliac artery ...
Markovic Biljana - - 2011
A 54-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for hypotension and anemia which was due to intermittent hemorrhage from a lumbar drain. She had undergone open nephrectomy ten days earlier in another hospital for the right dysfunctional kidney with staghorn calculi. Ultrasound in our hospital showed a right retroperitoneal hematoma. Surgical ...
Fargeaudou Yann - - 2009
Life-threatening intra-abdominal hemorrhage following ultrasonographically guided percutaneous renal biopsy is extremely rare and, most of the time, is due to renal vascular injury. Injury of other abdominal arteries during percutaneous renal biopsy is exceedingly rare. We report herein a case of left superior colonic artery injury during ultrasonographically guided percutaneous ...
Gottam Nithin - - 2009
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a disease that consists of a broad spectrum of different entities with different pathophysiologies that require varied approaches to diagnosis and treatment. The two most common causes of RAS are fibromuscular dysplasia and atherosclerosis, which consist of approximately 10 and 90% of RAS, respectively. Renovascular ...
Omeish Abdallah F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of renal artery stenosis (RAS) by performing routine renal angiography in a cohort of patients undergoing clinically indicated non-emergent coronary angiography. A secondary goal was to define potential variables which may predict RAS in this cohort. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cross-sectional study whereby ...
Bouziane Zakariyae - - 2009
Tuberculosis is an endemic disease in Morocco. Main blood vessels are rarely affected; the few mentioned cases are aneurysmal. We report a 17-year-old patient presenting with renovascular arterial hypertension, revealed thanks to the discovery of an occlusion of the right renal artery in Duplex scan. During the intervention, the observation ...
Ueda N - - 2010
Three-dimensional visualization of renal arteries has recently been established by helical contrast-enhanced multiple detector-row computed tomographical angiography (MDCTA) in adults. So far, no information is available on its use in children. We reported two children with renal artery stenosis detected by 64-channel MDCTA. The first patient probably had fibromuscular dysplasia ...
Patel Rajendra - - 2010
Patients undergoing repair of thoracoabdominal (TAA) or visceral aortic segment aneurysms typically require reconstruction of the renal arteries. The use of balloon expandable stents (BES) has been proposed as an alternative to endarterectomy or bypass for renal artery reconstruction (RAR) during open aortic aneurysm repair. We report technical aspects and ...
Gaebel Gabor - - 2009
Symptomatic compression of the celiac trunk by crura of the diaphragm is a rare disorder. Even more infrequent external compression of renal arteries is found. Although the indication for surgical therapy is controversially discussed in the literature for celiac artery compression syndrome, it is unequivocally for renal artery entrapment. We ...
Sun Z - - 2009
The aim of this case report is to present the additional value provided by CT virtual endoscopy and 3D stereoscopic visualisation when compared with 2D visualisations in the assessment of coronary stenting. A 64-year old patient was treated with left coronary stenting 8 years ago and recently followed up with ...
Kiernan Thomas J - - 2010
The objective of this study was to analyze the use of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) placement for the treatment of renal artery in-stent restenosis (RA-ISR). The optimal treatment of RA-ISR has not been fully elucidated to date. We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients from our institution who underwent treatment of RA-ISR with ...
Ching Christina B - - 2010
A 64-year-old former heavy smoker with a history significant for hypertension was found to have a 2.2-cm left renal artery aneurysm. Computed tomographic arteriography with 3-dimensional reconstruction determined the management of this patient, who ultimately underwent successful ex vivo left renal artery aneurysm repair with autotransplantation.
Kourliouros Antonios - - 2010
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The role of hypothermia in postoperative renal function remains controversial. We set out to examine the effect of varying cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) temperatures on early postoperative renal function. Patients undergoing first-time CABG between 2002 and 2006 ...
Ploussard Guillaume - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to study the relevance of a systematic aorto-femoral colour Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in the evaluation of first renal transplant receivers. METHODS: We prospectively studied 100 consecutive first renal transplant (RT) receivers. All patients had a preoperative physical examination with a careful vascular system ...
Stout Christopher L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infection of a renal artery stent and pseudoaneurysm is extremely uncommon, with four reports in the literature. We present a fifth case and the complex management resulting in kidney salvage. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 56-year-old female underwent right renal artery stenting for hypertension. Postoperatively, she developed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus infection, ...
Tarzamni M K - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Renal artery (RA) anatomy plays a critical role in selecting donors. During the present study, we sought to evaluate the physiological role of RA origination angle for the presence of an accessory RA or its early branching. METHODS: During the present cross-sectional study (August 2005-October 2007), 143 candidates for ...
Warren Jeremy A - - 2009
Surgical revascularization of the upper extremity is uncommon, comprising only 4 to 18 per cent of all vascular surgical interventions. Patients with renal failure have higher rates of atherosclerotic cardiovascular and peripheral arterial disease resulting from chronic inflammation, endothelial damage associated with hemodialysis, and vascular trauma. Upper extremity arterial disease ...
Shmorgun Doron - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of a renal artery dissection presenting as new-onset hypertension and severe flank pain during an IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private, university-affiliated infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A previously healthy 39-year-old woman with secondary infertility undergoing her second IVF/ICSI cycle. INTERVENTION(S): Renal ...
Vourliotakis Georgios - - 2009
A 79-year-old man with a 6-cm juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm was treated by endovascular means with a fenestrated stent graft. The completion angiogram revealed a left renal artery occlusion. A retroperitoneal surgical approach allowed for retrograde catheterization of the occluded covered stent through the left renal artery. The covered stent ...
Pellerin Olivier - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report long-term clinical and morphologic results after stent placement for spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1991 and 2006, 16 consecutive patients (13 men; mean age, 42 y +/- 12) presented with SRAD in 17 arteries. All patients had uncontrolled hypertension at the time of ...
Sidhu Ravinder - - 2009
A variety of different imaging techniques have been used for the diagnosis of renal vascular diseases. The wide range of renal vascular diseases include congenital renal artery and vein variations, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), renal artery stenosis, renal vein thrombosis, vasculitis, and traumatic injuries, such as dissection and vascular pedicle ...
Hagihara Makiyo - - 2009
We report a case of ruptured renal artery aneurysm successfully treated by emergent transcatheter embolization with microcoils. A 66-year-old woman was referred for emergency treatment after presenting with sudden-onset left flank pain and vomiting. Blood examination showed anemia. Computed tomography demonstrated a partly calcified mass with massive retroperitoneal hematoma. With ...
Prasad Anand - - 2009
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) of the renal arteries is classically associated with secondary hypertension in younger individuals, which may be treatable and even curable by percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty. Angiography of these renal arteries often displays "beaded" luminal abnormalities. The angiographic findings, however, may not accurately reflect the severity or precise ...
Patel Pranav M - - 2009
Percutaneous renal artery stenting is a common means of treating atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. However, renal artery restenosis remains a frequent problem. The optimal treatment of restenosis has not been established and may involve percutaneous renal artery angioplasty or deployment of a second stent. Other modalities include cutting balloon angioplasty, ...
Shetty Ranjith - - 2009
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis affects between 2 and 4 million people in the United States alone and likely has a higher prevalence than previously thought. Renal artery stenosis has been increasingly recognized in recent years, especially in patients with cardiovascular disease. It has been associated with hypertension, renal dysfunction, and ...
Schwarzwälder Uwe - - 2009
Significant renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a well accepted cause of deterioration of arterial hypertension and of renal insufficiency. Just recently, more interest has been focused on the impact of RAS on structural heart disease and patient survival. Technical improvements of diagnostic and interventional endovascular tools have lead to a ...
Docx Martine K - - 2009
A 12-year-old boy presented with severe arterial hypertension due to a severe subsegmental renal artery stenosis. Treatment consisted of selective embolization of the stenosed polar artery, which resulted in near normalization of the arterial pressures. Renal artery stenosis should always be considered, even in young adolescents, as a cause for ...
Saeed Aso - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the diagnostic value of novel velocimetric colour duplex sonography indices in the screening of renal artery stenosis (RAS). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all consecutively studied patients at our centre with suspected RAS, and a colour duplex sonography carried out at less than 4 months ...
Chua Su-Kiat - - 2009
A 73-year-old man with resistant hypertension and impaired renal function underwent stenting for right renal artery (RRA) stenosis. Two years later, he presented with uncontrolled hypertension and worse renal function. Renal arteriogram revealed RRA stent fracture with in-stent restenosis. Another stent was deployed. Four months later, however, renal arteriogram revealed ...
Cianci R - - 2009
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a non-inflammatory, non-atherosclerotic vascular disease that has been reported in renal and internal carotid arteries and in almost every arterial bed, primarily affecting young to middle-aged people, mainly female individuals. These patients may be asymptomatic or may present with hypertension. A 29 year-old hypertensive woman was ...
Malav Ishwar Chandra - - 2009
A 4-year-old boy with hypertension due to renal artery stenosis and neurofibromatosis type 1 is presented for its rarity. Renal artery stenosis due to neurofibromatosis is underrecognized and may masquerade Takayasu's arteritis in Asian children.
L'esperance James O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the effectiveness of placing nonspecific deep corticomedullary sutures in the setting of major vascular and collecting system injury during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). We also aimed to evaluate the incidence of ischaemic injury to the remaining renal remnant because of these sutures, as many laparoscopic centres ...
Subedi Shree K - - 2010
Renal artery occlusion following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with suprarenal fixation is uncommon. We report one patient who was found to develop renal artery occlusion and parenchymal infarction 6 months after repair using an endovascular graft with suprarenal fixation. Our patient underwent emergent endovascular repair of a symptomatic 6 ...
Nchimi Alain - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of accelerated free-breathing and breath-hold gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography of the main renal arteries compared with digital subtraction angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal MR angiograms and catheter angiograms of 47 patients (19 men, 28 women; mean age, 68.1 ...
Mavili Ertugrul - - 2009
In chronic aorto-iliac occlusive disease, pre-existing renal artery stenosis may give rise to sufficient development of collateral blood flow and prevent ischaemic symptoms for a long time and therefore may cause delay in diagnosis. An early diagnosis of aorto-iliac disease is necessary in order to avoid fatal outcome. Duplex scanning ...
Mavili Ertu─črul - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous transarterial embolization for the treatment of renal arterial bleeding in patients with renovascular injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The archives of our angiography suite were retrospectively reviewed, and 15 patients who had undergone renal embolization due to renal artery bleeding were included in the ...
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