Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1041
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Pichot O - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess the role of duplex imaging in defining suitable pathological anatomy for endovenous obliteration and characterizing its treatment outcomes over time. METHODS: Eighteen lower limbs in 17 patients (12 women; mean age 48 years; range 29-74 years) presenting with varicose greater saphenous veins (GSVs) were treated with endovenous ...
MaassenVanDenBrink A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Eletriptan is a 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor agonist with proven efficacy in the acute treatment of migraine. OBJECTIVE: To assess the craniovascular selectivity of eletriptan and sumatriptan in blood vessels predictive of therapeutic efficacy (human middle meningeal artery) and adverse coronary side effects (human coronary artery and human saphenous vein). METHOD: ...
Zurbrügg H R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Complete arterial revascularization may be unsafe in patients with a high operative risk. In patients with varicose ectatic veins, the biocompound technique, which uses unsuitable autologous veins, enables the surgeon to influence the bypass graft wall stress levels and diameter. This report summarizes the 3-year patency of 53 patients, ...
Suda Y - - 2000
We describe 2 Kawasaki disease patients with excellent long-term patency of saphenous vein grafts, who underwent coronary artery bypass at age 7 and 9 years, respectively, and demonstrated normal growth during 22 years of follow-up. The grafts showed no deterioration and played an important role in coronary blood supply.
Armstrong J - - 2000
The insertion of vein grafts into the arterial circulation may contribute to vessel wall thickening and accelerated atherosclerosis, a common feature of late vein graft failure. We aimed to develop a model suitable for investigation of the effects of altered haemodynamics on human saphenous vein following its implantation into the ...
Mavromatis K - - 2000
Exposure to the arterial hemodynamic environment is thought to be a potential trigger for the pathological remodeling of saphenous vein grafts. Using matched pairs of freshly isolated human saphenous vein, we analyzed the early effects of ex vivo hemodynamic conditions mimicking the venous (native) compared with arterial (graft) environment on ...
Nelson P R - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report the early results of endovascular in situ saphenous vein bypass (EISVB) using side branch coil occlusion. METHODS: Between September 1997 and November 1998, 25 patients (15 men; mean age 70.9 years, range 53-85) with lower limb ischemia were treated with endovascular femorodistal bypass. The saphenous vein was ...
Fremes S E - - 2000
The use of an internal thoracic artery rather than a saphenous vein graft for left anterior descending coronary artery bypass is associated with improved long-term outcome. Hence, expanded use of arterial conduits for other coronary targets has been advocated. The radial artery possesses a number of anatomic features that are ...
Cisowski M - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Saphenous vein is routinely harvested using one or a few long continuous skin incisions. This method is associated with typical healing complications such as oedemas, pain, necrosis, what often restricts proper rehabilitation. An alternative minimally invasive techniques may decrease these complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective randomised trial compared ...
Lutz M E - - 2000
A 77-year-old man was referred with a 5-year history of an intermittently painful, nonhealing right medial ankle ulcer. The ulcer had not responded to multiple treatment modalities, including Unna boots, compression therapy, sclerotherapy, and split-thickness skin grafting. The past medical history was significant for a deep venous thrombosis in the ...
Belli G - - 2000
Primary percutaneous intervention for acute occlusion of a native coronary artery may be complicated by distal embolization of plaque or thrombotic debris, with infarct extension. We tested the clinical application of a new therapeutic strategy combining maximal antiplatelet therapy, with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition, and adjunctive mechanical protection from distal embolization ...
Lehmann A - - 2000
Endoscopic harvest of saphenous vein graft for coronary artery bypass grafting decreases leg wound complications compared with traditional longitudinal incision. A case of pneumoperitoneum secondary to endoscopic harvest of saphenous vein using insufflation of carbon dioxide is reported. Hypercarbia, increased peak airway pressure, but no significant changes of hemodynamics, or ...
Faries P L - - 2000
Various alternative conduits have been used for lower extremity revascularization when an adequate ipsilateral greater saphenous vein is absent. This study compared the effectiveness of all-autogenous multisegment arm vein bypass grafts with that of composite grafts composed of combined prosthetic and autogenous conduits. One hundred fifty-three lower extremity revascularization procedures ...
Golledge J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: expression of leukocyte adhesins and proteins controlling thrombosis is likely to be an important determinant of graft patency early following vein bypass. We have previously demonstrated rapid increase in endothelial ICAM-1 and nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) concentrations in human saphenous vein exposed to arterial flow. The aim of this ...
Browning N - - 2000
Forty lower limb bypasses using arm veins were performed on 37 patients. The indications for surgery were limb threat in 50% of cases, graft failure in 33%, aneurysms in 10% and claudication in 7%. Saphenous veins were absent because of prior use in 73% of cases, and because they were ...
Rinia-Feenstra M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Since surgical techniques affect the functional properties of the vessel wall, the present study investigated the influence of minimally invasive harvesting techniques on the vascular reactivity of the saphenous vein. METHODS: Saphenous vein remnants were obtained after aortocoronary bypass operation from patients subjected to conventional (n = 6), mediastinoscope-assisted ...
Nayak B B - - 2000
Cross sections (n = 372) of human long saphenous veins (n = 12) from unsalvageable fresh above knee amputation specimens brought to a trauma centre in a large metropolitan hospital were studied. The veins were harvested longitudinally with an amount of soft tissue equivalent to the diameter of the vein ...
Wang A Y - - 2000
Aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts undergo structural alterations within the arterialized vein, resulting in graft stenosis and failure. Areas of the acellular intima contribute to fissuring, cracking and ulceration, while areas of the media become highly vascular but thinned. This study aimed to examine the ultrastructural features of cell death, ...
Alameddine A K - - 2000
Besides quality, the length of the greater saphenous vein dictates the feasibility of vein bypass grafts in femorodistal popliteal or tibial revascularization. A simple and effective technique of lengthening the greater saphenous vein is described that allows the use of the laterofemoral cutaneous vein in continuity. This technique can be ...
Mitchell M B - - 2000
Late failure of saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass grafts is predominantly due to vein graft atherosclerotic disease. Rarely, saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass grafts undergo aneurysmal degeneration. We report a case of a giant true aneurysm of a saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass graft producing right heart failure from main pulmonary artery compression.
Bruce C J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a quantitative model of restenosis in patients with vein graft disease undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or directional coronary atherectomy (DCA). BACKGROUND: A quantitative relationship between acute gain and late loss has been developed to describe the late changes in lumen dimension after native vessel coronary ...
Gu Y D - - 2000
To devise a new classification of vascular variations in second toe transfer we analyzed the anatomic details of the first dorsal metatarsal artery in 304 cases of second toe transplantation and the venous structure in 200 cases. According to location, the arterial vascularity was classified as superficial (18% of cases), ...
Corcos L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To verify some of the previous findings of venous valves described in the literature, their pathophysiological significance and clinical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The elementary components of 65 proximal valves of the long saphenous vein and their interrelationships were subjected to histopathological examination. Valves were taken from patients subjected ...
Griffith G L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Vein trauma after saphenectomy by endoscopic or longitudinal techniques may influence the progression of medial and intimal hyperplasia and ultimately affect graft patency. This study compared the histologic characteristics of saphenous veins after endoscopic and longitudinal harvest. METHODS: One hundred seventy patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Stücker M - - 2000
Insufficiency of the greater saphenous vein starts at its junction with the femoral vein, so that the histomorphologic changes at the saphenofemoral junction are of special interest. In this study we examined which histologic changes occur in the vein walls 5 cm distal to the junction of the greater saphenous ...
George S J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Autologous saphenous vein coronary artery bypass graft surgery is complicated by late graft failure due to neointima formation and subsequent atherosclerosis. Growth factors and metalloproteinases (MMPs) act in concert to promote neointima formation. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3), an extracellular matrix-associated MMP inhibitor, uniquely promotes apoptosis of isolated vascular ...
Taurino M - - 2000
The Authors describe a case of a saccular aneurysm formation in a femoropopliteal autologous saphenous vein graft, inserted 12 years before. The patient was initially treated for a popliteal aneurysm. The graft revealed no microscopic signs of atherosclerosis. In spite of the widespread use of the autologous saphenous vein as ...
Caputo R P - - 1999
A 52-year-old man with a history of prior coronary bypass surgery suffered recurrent angina and underwent percutaneous placement of a stent within the midportion of the saphenous vein graft to the marginal branch of the left circumflex coronary artery, which was complicated by a significant perforation. The perforation was successfully ...
Cable D G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Proliferation of the intima is an early lesion of saphenous vein graft disease. Early patency rates of radial artery grafts are acceptable, but little is known about their risk of intimal hyperplasia. METHODS AND RESULTS: To develop a model of intimal hyperplasia, we incubated human saphenous veins, internal mammary ...
Kirby L - - 1999
Posterior knee dislocation results in popliteal artery injury in up to one-third of cases. Prompt recognition and treatment of arterial injury is essential for limb salvage. We report a case of complete occlusion of the popliteal artery following posterior knee dislocation treated with saphenous vein bypass without exclusion of the ...
Kalimi R - - 1999
Aneurysm of reverse aortocoronary saphenous vein graft is a known complication of coronary artery bypass grafting. In this report we present a case of a 60-year-old man who presented 12 years after coronary artery bypass grafting with a giant graft aneurysm of the reverse aortocoronary saphenous vein graft to the ...
Crouch J D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The saphenous vein is an important conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting. Wound complications from traditional open vein harvesting occur often. Minimally invasive endoscopic saphenous vein harvesting may decrease wound complications. Vein quality may be an issue with endoscopic harvesting. METHODS: We reviewed 568 patients who had bypass grafting ...
Cracowski J L - - 1999
Human femoral, internal mammary, and gastroepiploic arteries and saphenous veins are used as bypass grafts for coronary surgery or for reconstruction in arterial occlusive disease. We have characterized the contractile responses of these vessels to various agents that are liberated during cardiac or vascular surgery. In organ baths, U46619 (a ...
Gruberg L - - 1999
We describe a patient who developed a large aneurysm of saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery with a fistulous communication to the right atrium. The presence of a fistulous communication of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm after coronary bypass surgery to one of the heart chambers is extremely ...
Labropoulos N - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: because reflux in superficial vein tributaries is most often collectively reported with the main saphenous veins, its importance remains largely unrecognised. This study was designed to identify the distribution and extent of non-truncal superficial venous reflux and its association with the signs and symptoms of chronic venous disease (CVD). ...
Waybill P N - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine whether definable differences exist between arterial and venous smooth muscle cells (SMCs), as measured by proliferative response to co-culture with arterial or venous endothelial cells (ECs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human aortic ECs (A-ECs) and saphenous vein ECs (V-ECs) were cultured opposite either aortic SMCs (A-SMCs) or saphenous ...
de Haan R J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of high ligation of the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) on the amount of reflux in the long saphenous vein using quantitative duplex scanning. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS: 23 patients presented with 29 limbs showing signs of isolated insufficiency of the long ...
Weiss V J - - 1999
Endoscopic saphenous vein harvest represents a minimally invasive approach to obtain a suitable bypass conduit for coronary or extremity revascularization. Endoscopic vein harvest has been designed to reduce wound complications in a population typically at risk for problematic wound healing. Most studies have shown a reduction in such wound healing ...
Golledge J - - 1999
Healthy endothelium provides a nonthrombogenic surface. In this study the authors investigated the effect of arterial flow on the saphenous vein endothelial expression of proteins controlling thrombosis. Human saphenous vein segments, freshly excised from patients, were placed in a validated in vitro circuit with flow conditions shown to simulate arterial ...
Henry T D - - 1999
The presence of thrombus increases the rate of acute complications and restenosis in percutaneous revascularization of native coronary arteries and saphenous vein grafts. Rheolytic thrombectomy uses high velocity saline jets to create a Bernoulli effect for thrombus entrainment, dissociation, and evacuation of debris, providing a novel approach to the treatment ...
Albäck A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: to compare the result of vein valve disruption with two different valvulotomes during non-reversed saphenous vein bypass. DESIGN: a randomised, blinded clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: twenty patients undergoing femorodistal non-reversed saphenous vein arterial bypass were randomised into two equal groups. Valve leaflet disruption was performed either with a ...
Biancari F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: to identify the risk factors affecting the outcome of bypass grafts to the foot arteries. DESIGN: longitudinal observational study from a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: one-hundred and sixty-five infrainguinal bypasses to the foot arteries were performed in 162 legs of 149 patients with critical leg ischaemia. RESULTS: at ...
Louagie Y A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Blood flow characteristics of right gastroepiploic artery and saphenous vein conduits were compared during bypass surgery. METHODS: This study is based on a consecutive series of 97 patients undergoing a bypass graft to the right coronary artery, posterior descending artery, or posterolateral branch using either a pediculated right gastroepiploic ...
Meng X - - 1999
After coronary artery bypass surgery, saphenous vein graft occlusion occurs through tissue remodeling. Although a likely trigger, the role of preparative mechanical injury incurred by the graft is not yet understood. We studied the early effects of simple mechanical injury on human saphenous vein grafts by exposing them to longitudinal ...
Sugimoto T - - 1999
A 74-year-old male was admitted to our university hospital with a refractory ulcer of the left third toe. The ankle pressure index was 0.43. On his angiogram, the popliteal artery was totally occluded in the distal site, while the peroneal artery was solely patent and inflowed into the distal posterior ...
Ge J J Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Essen, - - 1999
Coronary artery remodeling is a common phenomenon in human atherosclerotic arteries. Controversies exist concerning the presence of absence of the remodeling process in diseased human coronary saphenous vein bypass grafts. The purpose of the study was to observe the vessel and lumen dimensions in patients who had undergone saphenous vein ...
Wang A Y - - 1999
Aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts fail because of structural pathologies (thrombosis, intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis) within the 'arterialized' vein leading to graft stenosis. This study examined structural characteristics of atherosclerotic alterations in long-term aortocoronary artery saphenous vein bypass grafts with particular attention to the features of cell death in atherosclerotic ...
Rosenthal D - - 1999
Since the report of a successful femoropopliteal in situ saphenous vein bypass in 1962, surgeons have attempted to make this bypass a less invasive operation and simplify the two principal technical components of the operation: (1) rendering the saphenous vein valves incompetent and (2) occluding the venous side branches. To ...
Sharifi M - - 1999
Aneurysms and ectasias of saphenous vein grafts are infrequent complications of coronary artery bypass surgery. They usually present as an expanding asymptomatic mediastinal mass on chest x-ray film or computed tomography scan. Though rare, they must be excluded from the differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses to avoid potentially dangerous needle ...
Creton D - - 1999
In this study, we measured the diameter of the competent long saphenous vein proximally and distally to the anastomosis of an isolated incompetent tributary in 12 patients. Measurements were made both before and 30-45 days after surgical removal of the tributary. The preoperative diameter of the saphenous vein proximal to ...
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