Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1020
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Gu Y D - - 2000
To devise a new classification of vascular variations in second toe transfer we analyzed the anatomic details of the first dorsal metatarsal artery in 304 cases of second toe transplantation and the venous structure in 200 cases. According to location, the arterial vascularity was classified as superficial (18% of cases), ...
Corcos L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To verify some of the previous findings of venous valves described in the literature, their pathophysiological significance and clinical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The elementary components of 65 proximal valves of the long saphenous vein and their interrelationships were subjected to histopathological examination. Valves were taken from patients subjected ...
Griffith G L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Vein trauma after saphenectomy by endoscopic or longitudinal techniques may influence the progression of medial and intimal hyperplasia and ultimately affect graft patency. This study compared the histologic characteristics of saphenous veins after endoscopic and longitudinal harvest. METHODS: One hundred seventy patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Stücker M - - 2000
Insufficiency of the greater saphenous vein starts at its junction with the femoral vein, so that the histomorphologic changes at the saphenofemoral junction are of special interest. In this study we examined which histologic changes occur in the vein walls 5 cm distal to the junction of the greater saphenous ...
George S J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Autologous saphenous vein coronary artery bypass graft surgery is complicated by late graft failure due to neointima formation and subsequent atherosclerosis. Growth factors and metalloproteinases (MMPs) act in concert to promote neointima formation. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3), an extracellular matrix-associated MMP inhibitor, uniquely promotes apoptosis of isolated vascular ...
Taurino M - - 2000
The Authors describe a case of a saccular aneurysm formation in a femoropopliteal autologous saphenous vein graft, inserted 12 years before. The patient was initially treated for a popliteal aneurysm. The graft revealed no microscopic signs of atherosclerosis. In spite of the widespread use of the autologous saphenous vein as ...
Caputo R P - - 1999
A 52-year-old man with a history of prior coronary bypass surgery suffered recurrent angina and underwent percutaneous placement of a stent within the midportion of the saphenous vein graft to the marginal branch of the left circumflex coronary artery, which was complicated by a significant perforation. The perforation was successfully ...
Cable D G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Proliferation of the intima is an early lesion of saphenous vein graft disease. Early patency rates of radial artery grafts are acceptable, but little is known about their risk of intimal hyperplasia. METHODS AND RESULTS: To develop a model of intimal hyperplasia, we incubated human saphenous veins, internal mammary ...
Kirby L - - 1999
Posterior knee dislocation results in popliteal artery injury in up to one-third of cases. Prompt recognition and treatment of arterial injury is essential for limb salvage. We report a case of complete occlusion of the popliteal artery following posterior knee dislocation treated with saphenous vein bypass without exclusion of the ...
Kalimi R - - 1999
Aneurysm of reverse aortocoronary saphenous vein graft is a known complication of coronary artery bypass grafting. In this report we present a case of a 60-year-old man who presented 12 years after coronary artery bypass grafting with a giant graft aneurysm of the reverse aortocoronary saphenous vein graft to the ...
Crouch J D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The saphenous vein is an important conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting. Wound complications from traditional open vein harvesting occur often. Minimally invasive endoscopic saphenous vein harvesting may decrease wound complications. Vein quality may be an issue with endoscopic harvesting. METHODS: We reviewed 568 patients who had bypass grafting ...
Cracowski J L - - 1999
Human femoral, internal mammary, and gastroepiploic arteries and saphenous veins are used as bypass grafts for coronary surgery or for reconstruction in arterial occlusive disease. We have characterized the contractile responses of these vessels to various agents that are liberated during cardiac or vascular surgery. In organ baths, U46619 (a ...
Gruberg L - - 1999
We describe a patient who developed a large aneurysm of saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery with a fistulous communication to the right atrium. The presence of a fistulous communication of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm after coronary bypass surgery to one of the heart chambers is extremely ...
Labropoulos N - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: because reflux in superficial vein tributaries is most often collectively reported with the main saphenous veins, its importance remains largely unrecognised. This study was designed to identify the distribution and extent of non-truncal superficial venous reflux and its association with the signs and symptoms of chronic venous disease (CVD). ...
Waybill P N - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine whether definable differences exist between arterial and venous smooth muscle cells (SMCs), as measured by proliferative response to co-culture with arterial or venous endothelial cells (ECs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human aortic ECs (A-ECs) and saphenous vein ECs (V-ECs) were cultured opposite either aortic SMCs (A-SMCs) or saphenous ...
de Haan R J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of high ligation of the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) on the amount of reflux in the long saphenous vein using quantitative duplex scanning. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS: 23 patients presented with 29 limbs showing signs of isolated insufficiency of the long ...
Weiss V J - - 1999
Endoscopic saphenous vein harvest represents a minimally invasive approach to obtain a suitable bypass conduit for coronary or extremity revascularization. Endoscopic vein harvest has been designed to reduce wound complications in a population typically at risk for problematic wound healing. Most studies have shown a reduction in such wound healing ...
Golledge J - - 1999
Healthy endothelium provides a nonthrombogenic surface. In this study the authors investigated the effect of arterial flow on the saphenous vein endothelial expression of proteins controlling thrombosis. Human saphenous vein segments, freshly excised from patients, were placed in a validated in vitro circuit with flow conditions shown to simulate arterial ...
Henry T D - - 1999
The presence of thrombus increases the rate of acute complications and restenosis in percutaneous revascularization of native coronary arteries and saphenous vein grafts. Rheolytic thrombectomy uses high velocity saline jets to create a Bernoulli effect for thrombus entrainment, dissociation, and evacuation of debris, providing a novel approach to the treatment ...
Albäck A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: to compare the result of vein valve disruption with two different valvulotomes during non-reversed saphenous vein bypass. DESIGN: a randomised, blinded clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: twenty patients undergoing femorodistal non-reversed saphenous vein arterial bypass were randomised into two equal groups. Valve leaflet disruption was performed either with a ...
Biancari F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: to identify the risk factors affecting the outcome of bypass grafts to the foot arteries. DESIGN: longitudinal observational study from a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: one-hundred and sixty-five infrainguinal bypasses to the foot arteries were performed in 162 legs of 149 patients with critical leg ischaemia. RESULTS: at ...
Louagie Y A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Blood flow characteristics of right gastroepiploic artery and saphenous vein conduits were compared during bypass surgery. METHODS: This study is based on a consecutive series of 97 patients undergoing a bypass graft to the right coronary artery, posterior descending artery, or posterolateral branch using either a pediculated right gastroepiploic ...
Meng X - - 1999
After coronary artery bypass surgery, saphenous vein graft occlusion occurs through tissue remodeling. Although a likely trigger, the role of preparative mechanical injury incurred by the graft is not yet understood. We studied the early effects of simple mechanical injury on human saphenous vein grafts by exposing them to longitudinal ...
Sugimoto T - - 1999
A 74-year-old male was admitted to our university hospital with a refractory ulcer of the left third toe. The ankle pressure index was 0.43. On his angiogram, the popliteal artery was totally occluded in the distal site, while the peroneal artery was solely patent and inflowed into the distal posterior ...
Ge J J Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Essen, - - 1999
Coronary artery remodeling is a common phenomenon in human atherosclerotic arteries. Controversies exist concerning the presence of absence of the remodeling process in diseased human coronary saphenous vein bypass grafts. The purpose of the study was to observe the vessel and lumen dimensions in patients who had undergone saphenous vein ...
Wang A Y - - 1999
Aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts fail because of structural pathologies (thrombosis, intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis) within the 'arterialized' vein leading to graft stenosis. This study examined structural characteristics of atherosclerotic alterations in long-term aortocoronary artery saphenous vein bypass grafts with particular attention to the features of cell death in atherosclerotic ...
Rosenthal D - - 1999
Since the report of a successful femoropopliteal in situ saphenous vein bypass in 1962, surgeons have attempted to make this bypass a less invasive operation and simplify the two principal technical components of the operation: (1) rendering the saphenous vein valves incompetent and (2) occluding the venous side branches. To ...
Sharifi M - - 1999
Aneurysms and ectasias of saphenous vein grafts are infrequent complications of coronary artery bypass surgery. They usually present as an expanding asymptomatic mediastinal mass on chest x-ray film or computed tomography scan. Though rare, they must be excluded from the differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses to avoid potentially dangerous needle ...
Creton D - - 1999
In this study, we measured the diameter of the competent long saphenous vein proximally and distally to the anastomosis of an isolated incompetent tributary in 12 patients. Measurements were made both before and 30-45 days after surgical removal of the tributary. The preoperative diameter of the saphenous vein proximal to ...
Van Langenhove G - - 1999
PURPOSE: We compared initial outcome, peri-procedural complications and long-term clinical follow-up of elective Wiktor GX stent implantation in severely narrowed vein grafts to a historic register of elective angioplasties in saphenous vein grafts in the same center. METHODS: Eighty-one consecutive patients with angina and a history of coronary artery bypass ...
Soury P - - 1999
Use of varicose saphenous veins for infrainguinal bypass is often contraindicated because of the risk of immediate rupture or long-term aneurysm. In this report we describe four cases in which prosthetic reinforcement allowed successful femoropopliteal bypass grafting using highly varicose saphenous veins while preserving normal endothelium. No thrombosis or any ...
Jiang P - - 1999
Duplex scanning was used to determine patterns of recurrent varicose veins in 264 limbs and to relate these to clinical factors. All limbs had previously undergone sapheno-femoral ligation in the groin. A recurrent sapheno-femoral junction was present in 172 (65.2%). Incompetence was found in long or short saphenous veins in ...
Gosling M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The antithrombogenic properties of venous endothelium may be attenuated when vein is implanted in the arterial circulation. Such changes may facilitate thrombosis, which is the final common pathway for saphenous vein arterial bypass graft occlusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using human saphenous vein in a validated ex vivo flow circuit, ...
Bartels C - - 1999
A causal relation between atherosclerosis and chronic infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and/or cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been suggested. Whether the unresolved problem of venous coronary artery bypass graft occlusion is related to infection with C pneumoniae and/or CMV has not been addressed. METHODS AND RESUTLS: Thirty-eight occluded coronary artery vein grafts ...
Gao W - - 1999
Angioplasty of degenerated saphenous vein grafts is not infrequently complicated by distal embolization of atheromatous debris. We describe an uncommon case in which balloon angioplasty of an old vein graft to a second diagonal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery was followed by distal embolization. However, the embolization ...
Imanishi N - - 1999
The drainage pathway of the distally based lesser saphenous-sural veno-neuroadipofascial pedicled fasciocutaneous flap using accompanying arteries of the lesser saphenous vein and sural nerve as nutrient vessels of the flap was radiographically investigated using five fresh cadavers. Small long veins existed along the lesser saphenous vein, and they were considered ...
Nakajima H - - 1999
The arteries adjacent to the lesser saphenous vein and sural nerve were investigated in 10 fresh cadavers that had been systemically injected with a lead oxide-gelatin mixture. The accompanying arteries were found to lie along the lesser saphenous vein and sural nerve and to nourish the skin through venocutaneous and ...
Shabb B - - 1999
The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is the arterial conduit of choice for minimally invasive coronary bypass to the left anterior descending (LAD). However, in redo cases when the LIMA is not available, the use of a saphenous vein graft as an extra-anatomic bypass from the axillary artery to the ...
M C G - - 1999
Study was performed on 83 great and 64 small saphenous veins obtained from human adults males and females, aged 26 to 85 years. The number of valves in the great saphenous veins varies from 3 to l3, and in the small saphenous veins the number of valves varies from 1 ...
D'Andrea V - - 1999
The Authors describe the interposition vein cuff technique as an adjuvant method to infrainguinal prosthetic bypass grafts. The haemodynamic, mechanical and humoral factors thought to be involved in the beneficial effects of the vein cuff are herein discussed. The results of the main series suggest the use of this method ...
Hisatomi K - - 1999
We report the application of a manifold system which is attached to saphenous vein grafts after the completion of distal coronary anastomosis. This technique permits not only the direct delivery of cardioplegic solution into the distal coronary artery, but also the reperfusion of revascularized coronary arteries via saphenous vein grafts ...
Mannion J D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Treatment of saphenous veins with c-myc antisense oligomers during preparation for grafting reduces medial cellular proliferation and macrophage infiltration, and preserves medial smooth muscle content at 3 days. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine whether c-myc antisense oligomers have an impact on late vein graft remodeling. ...
Fischell T A - - 1998
Slow or no reflow is a serious problem complicating catheter-based revascularization of degenerated saphenous vein bypass grafts. We examined the efficacy of rapidly delivered, high-velocity injections of intracoronary adenosine to reverse 11 slow-flow events complicating stenting of diseased bypass grafts. Ten of 11 events were rapidly improved to TIMI 3 ...
Li J Y - - 1998
Saphenous vein grafts for coronary artery bypass can be harvested by means of the traditional long incision method, the skin bridge method, or a newly developed endoscopic technique. We applied the endoscopic technique to reduce the length of leg incision and to decrease the frequency of complications. Between September and ...
Tran H M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The tunnelling as opposed to the open harvest technique for harvesting long saphenous vein for coronary artery bypass procedures is a less frequently used technique as it requires more handling of the vein and this may induce trauma. This study aims to compare the degree of endothelial denudation and ...
Albäck A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cause of immediate occlusions (those occurring during the first month postoperatively) of infrainguinal reconstruction using in situ saphenous vein. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: University hospital, Finland. SUBJECTS: 329 in situ saphenous vein bypasses done during the period 1988-1995. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Immediate result, and causes ...
Ramsheyi A - - 1998
We report 3 cases of iatrogenic arterial injuries in relation to saphenous vein stripping. In 2 cases the patients sustained acute severe ischemia and required prompt revascularization. The third patient was seen at a later stage with chronic ischemia and claudication. All 3 patients had their limbs salvaged without severe ...
Morita A - - 1998
Protection of the vein of Labbé is a significant concern during surgery that involves retraction of the temporal lobe. A cranial base surgical approach, especially one via the presigmoid-petrosal route, carries considerable risk to this venous complex. A case is presented in which a large dominant vein of Labbé was ...
White H L - - 1998
Saphenous vein graft disease is an increasing problem as more patients undergo bypass grafting and to date the most effective management strategy remains undefined. The major limitations of angioplasty for saphenous vein graft lesions are the risk of distal embolization and restenosis. Primary stenting in this situation results in superior ...
Morris R J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive techniques to harvest the saphenous vein for coronary artery bypass grafting continue to improve and evolve. Smaller cutaneous incisions have been shown to decrease postoperative discomfort and improve healing. We describe a technique involving carbon dioxide insufflation and endoscopic dissection to allow easier and atraumatic dissection. METHODS: ...
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