Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1017
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Prosser Verne M - - 2006
Distal protection devices for the prevention of embolization during saphenous venous aorto-coronary bypass graft intervention are currently considered standard of care. Branching or Y-type saphenous vein grafts present a unique and challenging problem when a distal protection device is anticipated. We present a case in which two Filterwires were used ...
Lai Tianjie - - 2006
Open saphenous vein harvesting can be associated with wound complications, incision pain, prolonged convalescence, and poor cosmetic results. Endoscopic vein harvesting has been widely used for prevention of these problems. We compared outcomes of open and endoscopic vein harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting at the Texas Heart Institute. We ...
Van den Bussche D - - 2006
Venous insufficiency of the lower extremities is a highly prevalent condition. Successful treatment of superficial venous insufficiency will most often necessitate treatment of the saphenofemoral junction incompetence with correction of saphenous vein reflux. In the majority of patients it concerns a reflux of the greater saphenous vein. The standard procedure ...
van den Boom M - - 2006
Autologous saphenous vein bypass grafts (SVG) are frequently compromised by neointimal thickening and subsequent atherosclerosis eventually leading to graft failure. Hyaluronic acid (HA) generated by smooth muscle cells (SMC) is thought to augment the progression of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was (1) to investigate HA accumulation in ...
Dandekar Uday - - 2005
Mismatch of aortotomy and saphenous vein graft size occasionally occurs and can compromise the contour of the anastomosis thereby jeopardising its patency. We describe an alternative technique of saphenous vein patch plasty to overcome this complication by giving a more desirable hooded contour to the anastomosis. This results in improved ...
Saxena Pankaj - - 2005
This report describes an unusual etiology of coronary artery disease. A 60-year-old male presented with angina. He was treated with methysergide for migraine. It was determined that the patient possessed an extremely thick-walled ascending aorta that caused the coronary ostial narrowing. He underwent replacement of the ascending aorta and proximal ...
Couto Wilson J - - 2005
Pseudoaneurysm of a saphenous vein bypass graft is a rare occurrence after coronary artery bypass grafting but may have lethal consequences. We treated a giant pseudoaneurysm of a saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery in an 80-year-old male Jehovah's Witness who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting 4 ...
Marcheix Bertrand - - 2005
Although elbow dislocations are common orthopaedic lesions, vascular complications remain rare. We report the cases of three patients who presented with a rupture of the brachial artery after closed posterior dislocation, which is even more uncommon. Arteriograms were performed in all cases because of the persistent absence of pulses at ...
Parry Dominic J - - 2005
Saphenous vein graft aneurysm is a potentially fatal complication of coronary artery bypass grafting and usually requires surgery. This report describes endovascular coiling of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm that developed after redo coronary artery bypass grafting. The aneurysm occurred in a proximally occluded saphenous vein graft after revascularization of ...
Shaia Norman - - 2005
The development of atherosclerosis in saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) is one of the limiting factors in coronary artery bypass surgery. Approximately one half of vein conduits are significantly diseased or occluded at 10 years. A surgical revascularization strategy is often not pursued secondary to the incremental risks associated with a ...
Shetty Rajendra - - 2005
We report a patient who presented initially with a diagnosis of a mediastinal mass. During the cardiac catheterization, the patient was diagnosed with a saphenous vein graft aneurysm. We proceeded with a catheter-based intervention resulting in occlusion of the aneurysm. Repeat angiogram after three months showed complete occlusion of the ...
Janowski K - - 2005
Our studies were carried out on 8 male and 2 female baboons Papio anubis cadavers. We examined a total of 20 hind legs. The vessels of the hind leg were filled with coloured latex. Afterwards we prepared the superficial and deep veins and accompanying arteries. We paid attention to the ...
Ndiaye Ass - - 2006
The arch of the great saphenous vein presents numerous tributaries. Misappreciation of their anatomical variations might cause recurrence after surgical treatment of varices. We dissected 54 inguino-femoral regions of fresh, black African corpses. Our purpose was to study the anatomical variations in the vein confluents of the arch of the ...
Kulik Alexander - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Saphenous vein graft disease remains a major limitation of coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The process of saphenous vein intimal hyperplasia begins just days after surgical revascularization, setting the stage for graft atherosclerotic disease and its sequalae. Clopidogrel improves outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic disease, and is effective at ...
Carrozza Joseph P JP - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The Protection During Saphenous Vein Graft Intervention to Prevent Distal Embolization (PRIDE) study compared outcomes with the TriActiv System (Kensey Nash Corp., Exton, Pennsylvania), a balloon-protection flush and extraction device, with an embolic protection group during treatment of saphenous venous grafts (SVGs). BACKGROUND: Treatment of SVGs with embolic protection ...
Bellosta R - - 2005
AIM: The PTFE prosthesis represents an alternative to the autologous saphenous vein in femoro-tibial revascularization for limb salvage in the absence of venous material in the patient. The aim of our study is to confirm the validity of PTFE revascularization and determine the best distal anastomosis in terms of patency ...
Lee Chi Hang - - 2005
Distal protection using FilterWire EX has been shown to be effective in reducing the incidence of debris embolization and no-reflow phenomenon in saphenous vein graft (SVG) intervention. We present a case of mechanical obstruction of antegrade flow by atherothrombotic debris collected in the FilterWire EX after stent implantation of the ...
Gusic Rebecca J - - 2005
When grafted into an arterial environment in vivo, veins remodel in response to the new mechanical environment, thereby changing their mechanical properties and potentially impacting their patency as bypass grafts. Porcine saphenous veins were subjected for one week to four different ex vivo hemodynamic environments in which pressure and shear ...
Chemla Eric S - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of complex hemodialysis access procedures among patients with central venous obstruction who were running out of access sites. Between September 2002 and December 2003 we performed a total of 640 new hemodialysis access procedures in 3 renal units. Ten of ...
Draganov Jutta - - 2005
We present the first, unusual case of a lethal mediastinal hemorrhage caused by rupture of a saphenous vein aortic coronary bypass graft due to Aspergillus species necrotizing vasculitis in an immunocompetent patient 18 days after redo coronary artery bypass surgery. The patient had neither signs for mediastinitis nor for another ...
Nohara Hideaki - - 2005
We presented a technique for using the St. Jude Aortic Connector System in anastomosis with a composite graft of saphenous vein and radial artery. This technique has not been reported in the previous literature. Our technique could improve some disadvantages of the St. Jude Aortic Connector and allow this device ...
Rha Seung-Woon - - 2005
Bivalirudin (Angiomax) is increasingly used as a substitute for heparin in a variety of percutaneous coronary interventions, and data on its usage in saphenous vein graft interventions are limited. This retrospective, observational study evaluated the efficacy and safety of bivalirudin compared with heparin as an antithrombotic regimen in patients who ...
Stierli P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe the lateral approach to the popliteal artery in reconstructions after soft tissue sarcoma resection in the thigh. DESIGN: Case reports. Subjects Four patients with soft tissue sarcoma. METHODS: Extraanatomic reconstruction of the resected artery and vein in the medial part of the thigh was performed. Vessel reconstruction ...
Quan Vu-Hung - - 2005
Different embolic protection devices have been introduced for endovascular interventions: filters or balloon occlusion and aspiration systems. Despite widening use in a variety of vascular beds and clinical syndromes, little is known about the particulate burden liberated from different vascular beds and caught by different protection devices. We performed histologic ...
Cohn Joseph D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Saphenous vein is the most common conduit utilized for coronary artery bypass. However, preoperative noninvasive venous studies to evaluate saphenous vein morphology are not commonly performed due to limited logistical support. A prospective, nonrandomized study was developed to assess the utility of intraoperative saphenous vein duplex ultrasound studies in ...
Corcos Leonardo - - 2005
We conducted this study to evaluate the immediate venous morphologic alterations produced in the great saphenous veins by the endovenous diode 808-nm laser used for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency and varicose veins of the lower limbs and to clarify the clinical implications of the histologic findings. Chosen for ...
Carrozza Joseph P JP - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Stent placement in saphenous vein bypass grafts is associated with a high incidence of myonecrosis usually resulting from embolization of thrombus and friable atheroma. Embolic protection devices reduce the incidence of adverse events after vein graft stenting. However, first-generation balloon occlusion systems are still associated with a 10% incidence ...
Hill Bradley B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and clinical outcome of a novel, minimally invasive technique for harvesting the great saphenous vein (GSV) for use in peripheral arterial bypass surgery. METHODS: Between May 2001 through March 2003, 27 patients (15 men; mean age 71+/-10 years) underwent extremity bypass procedures for limb salvage ...
Izutani Hironori - - 2005
The use of an automatic aortic connector device for proximal saphenous vein graft anastomoses eliminates the need for aortic clamping during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and may reduce the incidence of stroke in the elderly and in patients with severe aortic atherosclerosis. The PAS-Port proximal anastomotic system is a ...
Georghiou Georgios P - - 2005
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the radial artery provides better long-term patency than the saphenous vein. Altogether 379 papers were found using the reported search, of which 12 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical ...
Krnić Anton - - 2005
AIM: To explore the correlation between perforating vein incompetence and the extent of great saphenous vein insufficiency according to Hach. METHODS: Duplex ultrasound was used to determine the number of incompetent perforators and diameter of perforating veins, and the level of great saphenous vein reflux and the presence or absence ...
Webb Leslie A - - 2005
Distal embolic protection devices have been shown to reduce the risk of peri-procedural complications associated with saphenous vein graft intervention. However, there are several important anatomic limitations that may preclude routine device use. We analyzed the angiograms of 624 consecutive saphenous vein graft interventions to determine eligibility for use of ...
Bejarano Jorge - - 2005
Saphenous vein bypass grafts permeability is one of the most important limitations of open heart surgery. The risks associated with surgical re-intervention are greater than those associated with the initial procedure. While native coronary arteries usually have fixed, fibrotic or calcified atherosclerotic plaques, the disease in the vein grafts contains ...
Raffai Gábor - - 2005
Electron-dense vesicles were observed in rat vascular endothelium. The purpose of this study was to characterize their content(s), venous-arterial distribution and response to chronic orthostatic stress in extremity vessels. Saphenous and brachial vessels - saphenous vein (SV), saphenous artery (SA), brachial vein, brachial artery - were prepared for electron microscopy ...
Leask Richard L - - 2005
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) failure has been linked to graft hemodynamics, in particular wall shear stress. This study characterizes the morphology, geometry and wall shear stress patterns in human CABGs. The intimal thickness (IT) in 49 human saphenous vein CABGs was measured by digital light microscopy. The geometry of ...
Webb John G - - 2005
Percutaneous intervention in the setting of aortocoronary saphenous vein graft disease is associated with a significant risk of distal embolization. Devices intended to minimize the clinical impact of embolization have primarily utilized distally placed occlusive balloons or filters. Although such systems are often effective, distal protection does have limitations. We ...
Morrison Nick - - 2005
Endovenous ablation has been reported to be safe and effective in eliminating the proximal portion of the great saphenous vein from the venous circulation, with faster recovery and better cosmetic results than surgical stripping. However, the definition of a successful outcome in the literature has not been uniform. As in ...
Yatskar Leonid - - 2005
We report a case of a large saphenous vein graft (SVG) aneurysm masquerading as a right atrial mass on transesophageal echocardiogram. Cardiac magnetic resonance angiography reliably made a diagnosis of SVG aneurysm extrinsically compressing right atrium. This case illustrates the importance of using combined imaging modalities for the diagnosis and ...
Shah Prasad - - 2005
Aortocoronary dissection can occur as a complication of angioplasty of native coronary arteries. This case report is of aortic dissection occurring as a complication of percutaneous coronary intervention of proximal anastomoses of a saphenous vein bypass graft. The aortic dissection that had progressed retrogradely into the ascending aorta was treated ...
Sabik Joseph F JF - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare saphenous vein and internal thoracic artery graft patency by coronary system. METHODS: From 1972 to 1999, 50,278 patients underwent primary coronary surgery; subsequently, 4,333 had angiography of 2,121 internal thoracic artery and 8,733 saphenous vein grafts. Longitudinal analysis was used to model graft occlusion and ...
Korompai Ferenc L - - 2005
Three groups of consecutive patients who had undergone primary elective coronary artery bypass operations were compared at 10 to 20 years of follow-up (mean, 13.6 years), in order to test the supposition that arterial conduits provide better long-term outcome than do the "standard" left internal mammary-to-left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Gim Ronald D - - 2005
Decades of successful surgical revascularization of coronary artery disease have led to a growing population with saphenous vein graft disease. However, the treatment of degenerated saphenous vein graft still remains controversial. We report a novel but successful use of a peripheral, self-expanding nitinol stent in adjunct to excimer laser coronary ...
Podlaha J - - 2005
At the 2nd Department of Surgery, St. Anne's University hospital Brno, a total of 76 operations for popliteal artery aneurysm were performed in 67 patients in the last 20 years, in period 1985-2004. 63 operations were elective and 13 urgent. For reconstruction, autologous saphenous vein was used in 53 cases, ...
Ozbek C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Lower limb arterial occlusion with no patent distal artery suitable for revascularisation is a common problem. The aim of this study was to assess the role of revascularisation to distal veins (ascending venous arterialization) in patients not reconstructable by conventional bypass. METHOD: Ascending venous arterialization is a distal arteriovenous ...
Connolly John E - - 2005
In situ saphenous vein bypass, which was performed first by Rob in 1959, but introduced by Hall in 1962, has been widely applied as an alternative to the reversed bypass. Now, forty years later, it seems appropriate to review its current place and technique. Of the presumed original benefits of ...
Pascarella Luigi - - 2005
Venous aneurysms are not rare. But most attention has been paid to deep venous aneurysms. Because of their propensity to thrombose and cause pulmonary embolization. Increased availability of duplex Doppler ultrasound has allowed total evaluation of all venous segments in patients undergoing surgery for chronic venous insufficiency. In this study, ...
Golbasi Ilhan - - 2005
Variations in vascular reactivity and morphology of proximal and distal saphenous vein might affect its performance as a bypass conduit. Because peri- or postoperative graft spasm or intimal hyperplasia reduces patency, we compared the reactivity and morphology of human proximal and distal saphenous vein conduits. Isometric tension studies were performed ...
Nölke Lars - - 2004
The reported incidence of minor dilation of reversed saphenous vein grafts used for coronary artery bypass grafting varies up to 14%, however significant aneurysmal dilation is unusual. We report on the findings and management of a series of four patients with reversed saphenous vein graft aneurysms (rSVG). These cases show ...
Cohen David J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this research was to determine the incremental cost and cost-effectiveness of embolic protection in patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization (PCI) of diseased saphenous vein bypass grafts (SVGs). BACKGROUND: Distal protection using the GuardWire balloon occlusion device has been shown to reduce major ischemic complications in patients undergoing ...
Goldman Mitchel P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the safety and efficacy of an intravascular laser with a novel wavelength to close the great saphenous vein. METHODS: Twenty-four cases of an incompetent great saphenous vein (0.5-1.2 cm in diameter) associated with distal varicose veins were treated with a 1320-nm intravascular laser at ...
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