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Kobulnik Jeremy - - 2007
We describe the first reported case of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm mimicking a left atrial (LA) mass on echocardiographic imaging in a 62-year-old man 22 years after coronary bypass surgery. On presentation with worsening angina, a transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a LA mass. Coronary angiography showed severe native coronary artery ...
Simek Martin - - 2007
AIM: An ageing population and increase in patient co-morbidities are forcing cardiac surgeons to meticulously consider the benefits and risks of respective conduits and their harvesting techniques. CASE REPORTS: Two cases of simultaneous endoscopic radial artery and great saphenous vein harvesting, for redo coronary artery bypass grafting, are presented. A ...
Loonen Martijn P J MP Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, The - - 2007
Little is known about the necessary dimensions of the neurovascular pedicle of the sural flap for inclusion of the concomitant bypass veins of the small saphenous vein to secure sufficient retrograde venous flow. Therefore, the authors evaluated the anatomical basis for venous outflow of the sural flap and were able ...
Imanishi Nobuaki N Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan. - - 2007
It is well known that venous drainage of the medial plantar flap is performed by two venous systems: cutaneous veins visible through the skin that drain into the great saphenous vein; and deep veins, namely, accompanying veins of the medial plantar artery. However, there are only a few illustrations of ...
Hoffmann Rainer - - 2007
The clinical effectiveness of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) for treatment of patients with saphenous vein graft disease is not well defined. This analysis sought to evaluate the clinical follow-up after treatment of stenotic saphenous vein grafts using SES in a large patient registry. Patients treated with SES for saphenous vein graft ...
Prasad Amit - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of thermal ablation of the saphenous vein with hot contrast medium. METHODS: Twelve saphenous veins of 6 dogs were percutaneously ablated with hot contrast medium. In all animals, ablation was performed in the vein of one leg, followed by ablation in the ...
Kang Alan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine whether computed tomography arteriography of the lower extremities (64-slice volume computed tomography (CT)), used in delineating the arterial tree in peripheral vascular disease, is useful in assessing suitability of greater saphenous vein as a vascular conduit for peripheral bypass grafting for limb-threatening lower limb ischaemia. A search ...
Orsini Camillo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During the past 10 years, sclerotherapy has radically changed, the foam sclerotherapy method being better than that of liquid sclerotherapy. OBJECTIVES: We have analyzed the immediate pathologic effects on the saphenous vein wall in vivo after sclerotherapy with sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STD) foam. METHODS: A group of six patients ...
Chan Roger S - - 2007
Percutaneous intervention in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) carries a higher risk of distal embolization than intervention in a native vessel, and use of a distal protection device has been shown to improve the outcomes in SVG interventions. We describe an intervention done in an unexpected 'Y' SVG which required dual ...
Dietzek Alan M - - 2007
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is the most common vascular disease and represents a significant health care problem in the United States. Reflux of the great saphenous vein is the most common cause of this condition, whose symptoms include varicose veins, leg swelling, skin discoloration, and ulceration. The traditional treatment of ...
Johnson Colleen M - - 2007
Symptomatic lower extremity varicose veins represent one of the most common vascular conditions in the adult population. Associated symptoms ranged from mild conditions such as fatigue, heaviness, and itching to more serious conditions such as skin discoloration and leg ulceration. The predominant causative factor of this condition is reflux of ...
Brown Emile N EN University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Department of Cardiac Surgery, 22 South Greene Street N4W94, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2007
Recent advances in catheter-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) have provided the necessary resolution and acquisition speed for high-quality intravascular imaging. Complications associated with clearing blood from the vessel of a living patient have prevented its wider acceptance. We identify a surgical application that takes advantage of the vascular imaging powers ...
Chiu K-M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic harvest of saphenous vein is a relatively new technique developed to minimize the wound and postoperative complications. This technique has gained patients' acceptance and become popular in cardiac surgical practices. Because most centers have limited experience with this approach, the authors summarize the clinical profiles of patients undergoing ...
Jacob Samuel - - 2007
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was what the patency of the short saphenous vein is, when used for coronary artery bypass grafting. Altogether 347 papers were found using the reported search, of which nine represented the best evidence ...
Selcuk M Timur - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass surgery with saphenous vein grafts is a well accepted treatment method of coronary artery disease despite the diminishing patency rates of saphenous vein grafts over time mainly due to the atherosclerotic process. Obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease, but ...
Bidwai Anamay - - 2007
Venous obliteration using foam sclerosant is a relatively new procedure that holds great promise and may prove to be as effective as conventional surgical treatments in obliteration of the great saphenous vein. Foam sclerotherapy can have minor and major complications, most of which occur as a result of gas or ...
Bittar Mohamad N - - 2007
Pseudoaneurysms of saphenous vein grafts are rare. We present the case of a 58-year-old man who presented with recurrent angina nine years following quadruple coronary artery bypass graft surgery in 1983. He was found to have an aneurysm arising from the ascending aorta. The patient underwent off-pump aorto-saphenous vein pseudoaneurysm ...
Papas T T - - 2007
Compartment syndrome is a constellation of symptoms and signs associated with abnormally elevated tissue pressure in the skeletal muscle of the extremities. It is manifested in anatomic locations where muscles are enveloped in fasciae. The case of a lower extremity compartment syndrome in a 71-year-old male patient who underwent coronary ...
Lajos Thomas Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Veins used for coronary artery bypass operation have a well-documented limited long-term patency. Internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts have shown exceptional "durability." Assumptions were made that other arterial conduits have similar characteristics. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this article is to compare different conduits long-term patency including ...
Hamilos Michalis I - - 2007
Angioplasty of totally occluded saphenous vein grafts is a very challenging procedure and the likelihood of distal embolisation and no-reflow is much higher than in any conventional angioplasty. The use of thrombus aspiration and distal protection devices, although not well studied in a large number of patients, has been shown ...
Ellis Stephen G - - 2007
Saphenous veins grafts (SVGs) continue to be used as conduits for coronary bypass surgery in nearly 350,000 patients annually in the United States. A possible genetic contribution to SVG longevity has not been well studied. We analyzed 168 single nucleotide polymorphisms from 150 candidate genes in 155 patients (2.1 SVGs/patient) ...
Dyl L - - 2007
Although the baboon is considered a good animal model in biomedical research, no description of the superficial veins of the foot in Papio anubis is found in the available literature. The current study was conducted to document the anatomy of these veins in the baboon foot. A macroscopic anatomical investigation ...
Wan Song - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass grafting, blood copper levels are elevated for 6 weeks after surgery. Copper is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherogenesis and promotes oxidative stress, lipid oxidation, cell proliferation, and matrix formation, all components of vein graft disease. This project ...
Jimenez Juan Carlos - - 2007
We describe and report our results using endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) for lower extremity arterial bypass procedures, following the implementation of technical modifications specific to patients undergoing limb salvage procedures. We underwent training in EVH, followed by implementation of the technique in patients requiring limb salvage for lower extremity ischemia ...
Hussain Farrukh - - 2007
Saphenous vein graft interventions carry a significant risk of adverse events. We present a case in which a free left internal thoracic artery (LITA to the LAD) had been anastomosed to a saphenous vein graft (SVG) to an obtuse marginal (OM) as its proximal anastomosis. Due to surgical iatrogenic injury ...
Creton D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the short term results of combined peroperative foam sclerotherapy (PFS) and surgical treatment for recurrent varicose veins. METHODS: PFS was used to treat 129 limbs with recurrent varices: 100 great saphenous (GSV), 29 small saphenous veins (SSV). Foam was prepared with 1% polidocanol mixed with 4 times ...
Hong Ji-Sun - - 2007
The etiology of cystic adventitial disease is unknown and the optimal treatment modality remains to be elucidated. We report a 58-year-old man diagnosed to have cystic adventitial disease in the popliteal artery, who was treated by a resection of the diseased segment of the arteries and then underwent reconstruction with ...
Chandra K Sarat - - 2007
To study the safety and efficacy of covered stents in angioplasty of saphenous vein grafts a retrospective study was carried out among 12 consecutive cases admitted at the cardiology unit of Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences during last 3 years. Angioplasty of saphenous vein grafts is a challenging task due ...
Dashwood Michael R - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The saphenous vein is commonly used for coronary artery bypass surgery but its patency is poor. Vascular damage occurs during conventional surgery. However, patency improves when the graft is harvested with minimal surgical trauma, partly due to preservation of vascular endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and tissue sources of ...
Bhaskar Jayapadman - - 2007
A novel technique for anastomosis of the proximal (aortic) end of the saphenous vein conduit to the right coronary territory is described. This has proved to be an excellent technique that can be performed expeditiously with minimal assistance. It is easily reproducible with consistent results, even for surgeons in the ...
Nishida Satoru - - 2007
The PAS-Port system allows for the rapid deployment of a clampless proximal anastomosis between a saphenous vein graft and the aorta. We have developed a simple technique of establishing traction of the ascending aorta with the Starfish heart positioner during proximal saphenous vein anastomosis using the PAS-Port system in off-pump ...
Kachlik David - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The detailed spatial arrangement of the vasa vasorum (VV) of the human great saphenous vein (HGSV) was demonstrated in qualitative and quantitative terms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Segments of the HGSV taken from cadavers 12-24 h post mortem and from patients undergoing aortocoronary bypassing were studied by light microscopy of ...
Hiscock Martin - - 2007
Re-do coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery carries significant risk to the patient and existing patent internal thoracic artery grafts. Stenting stenotic saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) with drug-eluting stents (DES) using embolic protection devices (EPDs) is therefore probably the optimum treatment. However, this is fraught with challenges such as distal ...
Frauenfelder Thomas - - 2007
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery represents the standard treatment of advanced coronary artery disease. Two major types of anastomosis exist to connect the graft to the coronary artery, i.e., by using an end-to-side or a side-to-side anastomosis. There is still controversy because of the differences in the patency rates ...
Burris Nicholas - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Endothelial disruption within saphenous vein and radial artery grafts increases thrombosis risk. However, no clinically applicable method for imaging the intima currently exists. We used a novel infrared imaging technology, optical coherence tomography (OCT; LightLab Imaging, Inc, Westford, Mass), to visualize the intima within harvested conduits. METHODS: Conduits were ...
Agostoni Pierfrancesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The GuardWire distal protection device reduces the incidence of periprocedural complications during percutaneous stenting of diseased saphenous vein grafts. Its mechanism of action is based on the occlusion of the vessel distal to the lesion with an inflated compliant balloon before the intervention, and the aspiration of embolized material ...
Cragun David T - - 2006
Saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) are widely used as aortocoronary conduits during coronary artery bypass surgery and are critical in the high early success of coronary bypass revascularization. Saphenous vein grafts tend to be more prone than native coronary arteries to accelerated atherosclerosis and intimal fibrosis and thus frequently lead to ...
Agrifoglio Marco - - 2006
Porcelain aorta is associated to significantly increased risk of atheromatous embolization in patients who undergo cardiac surgery. We described three cases in which coronary artery bypass grafting was performed off-pump and the saphenous vein graft was anastomosed proximally to the left common carotid artery. This technique permitted avoidance of ascending ...
Moukala-Cadet Anne-Marie - - 2006
Aneurysms of aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts are a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafts. The authors report the incidental finding of four aneurysms in two aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass grafts in a 77-year-old man with progressive generalized weakness, left facial drooping, and digitalis toxicity. A brief review of ...
Brown Erin E - - 2006
We describe a technique for creating a temporary arteriovenous loop by anastomosing the saphenous vein to the first plantar metatarsal artery to facilitate harvesting and subsequent anastomosis of a great or second toe transfer. This technique has been used in 9 patients: 6 pediatric toe-to-hand transfers for congenital hand differences ...
Jim Man-Hong - - 2006
We report a series of 4 cases of percutaneous saphenous vein graft intervention on thrombus-containing occlusive lesions. After passing a 0.014-inch flexible coronary wire, primary thrombosuction was performed using an Export aspiration catheter (EAC). After removing the premounted delivery sheath, a 300-cm long FilterWire EZ was loaded into the aspiration ...
Sokullu Onur - - 2006
Paget's disease of the sternum is rare. In patients with sternal Paget's disease, sternotomy, and harvesting of internal mammary arteries may reveal problems because of a thickened sternum and substernal adhesions. Saphenous vein graft or other arterial grafts may be used. Especially in younger patients who received saphenous vein graft, ...
Barberini Fabrizio - - 2006
The small saphenous vein in its modal pattern flows into the popliteal vein by means of a terminal arch (sapheno-popliteal junction), and frequently gives off an anastomotic branch, ascending on the medial aspect of the thigh, to the great saphenous vein. This branch has often been termed thigh extension of ...
Couldwell William T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral revascularization is an important strategy in the surgical management of some complex cranial base tumors and unclippable aneurysms. A high-flow bypass may be necessary in planned carotid occlusion or sacrifice. The cervical-to-supraclinoid internal carotid artery bypass or cervical carotid-to-middle cerebral artery bypass are useful procedures to bypass lesions ...
Iida Hiroshi - - 2006
We have developed a simple technique for temporary shunt from the saphenous vein graft to the coronary artery during off-pump coronary anastomosis. The ends of a 2-mm diameter tube were inserted into the distal end of the saphenous vein graft in which proximal anastomosis had been established and into the ...
Tofigh A Mohammadi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Despite many clinical studies, there is still uncertainty as to whether venous material is superior to prosthetic materials for femoropopliteal reconstruction proximal to the knee joint. A prospectively randomized clinical trial was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of reversed saphenous vein in comparison with that of collagen impregnated woven ...
Broker Harshal - - 2006
Iatrogenic vascular injuries can result in claudication and limb length discrepancy in growing children. Traditional reconstruction has been performed with great saphenous vein as a conduit. We report the case of a 7-year-old boy with a symptomatic limb length discrepancy and vascular reconstruction using femoropopliteal vein. The use of deep ...
Mizukami Taketomo - - 2006
Saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysms are an unusual but potentially fatal complication of coronary artery bypass grafting because of their high risk of rupture or thromboembolism. We experienced the case of a 58-year-old man with a saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm with a floating thrombus that had developed 17 years after the ...
Singh Sushil K - - 2006
Aneurysm of the saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass graft is a rare but potentially fatal complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We report a case of an aneurysm of the saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass graft presented 7 years after redo CABG, with features of right atrial compression and right hemothorax. ...
Swenne C L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical wound infection (SWI) of the leg after saphenous vein harvesting is an important complication of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedures. SWIs may restrict mobility in the postoperative period and increase costs of postoperative hospitalisation and antibiotic treatment. METHODS: A total of 356 patients were followed. Surgical risk ...
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