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Mehta Vandana - - 2008
A unilateral case of variations in the brachial and antebrachial arterial branching pattern of a human upper limb is reported. A high bifurcation of brachial artery along with superficial course of ulnar artery was observed. Additionally, the profunda brachii and common interosseous artery originated from the radial artery instead of ...
Ho Paul C - - 2008
Myocardial ischemia has been associated with patent saphenous vein grafts (SVG) for reasons that may be attributable to graft-related endothelial dysfunction. Recanalization of the bypassed native coronary arteries may relieve the regional ischemia. In this clinical scenario, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the challenging chronic total occlusions (CTO) can be ...
Bedogni Francesco - - 2008
Catheter-based intervention in saphenous vein aorto-coronary bypass is an established approach. Even if effective, this treatment can be associated with a high incidence of procedure-related complications, mainly because of distal embolization of atherosclerotic plaque. Both occlusion devices and filter-based protection devices have offered comparable results. In the case described below, ...
Bisson Erica F - - 2008
Patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease who have failed maximal medical therapy, which consists of antiplatelet agents as well as maximizing modifiable risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking cessation, and obesity, and whose lesions are not amenable or have not responded to the more common vascular procedures (i.e., carotid ...
Siani A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aim of this paper is to evaluate the safety and the patency rate of the infrapopliteal bypass grafts performed with the great saphenous vein (GSV) with small (<2.5 mm) or large calibre (>5 mm). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and May 2007, 73 infra-genicular bypass with autologous saphenous ...
Yildirim Erkan - - 2009
A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our institution with pain, night cramping, and visible varicose veins on her left leg. Doppler ultrasonography revealed continuous reflux in the great saphenous vein when the patient did the Valsalva maneuver. Endovenous laser therapy was applied to the great saphenous vein. Doppler ultrasonography 7 ...
Holzheimer Rene G - - 2008
Sportsman complaints in the legs are most often associated with diseases and/or trauma of the musculoskeletal system. More rarely disturbances of the vascular system, e.g., popliteal artery entrapment have been reported in sportsman. Venous entrapment or venous claudication is mainly observed in cases of deep venous thrombosis. We report a ...
Kupreishvili K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested an association between Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cp) infection and atherosclerosis. A recent study detected Cp DNA in the saphenous vein of 12% of all patients before bypass grafting and in 38% of failed grafts. We used a system in which human veins were perfused with autologous ...
Kurkcuoglu Ayla - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To provide information on superficial veins of the lower limb such as anatomic variations, valve distribution, termination forms, and histological properties of vein walls. METHODS: Two hundred greater saphenous veins in 200 patients and 10 cadavers were investigated. Ultrasound examinations were performed in the Department of Radiology, Ataturk Hospital ...
Kachlík D - - 2008
The question whether the primary increase of vasa vasorum (VV) of venous wall (i) plays an initial role in varicogenesis or (ii) is an expression of impairment of the nutritional conditions in superficial veins of lower extremities is not unambiguously solved yet. The aim of the study was to describe ...
Hayward Philip A R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In order to determine the best conduit for coronary targets other than the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, long-term clinical outcomes following revascularisation with a radial artery or saphenous vein graft were evaluated as part of the radial artery patency and clinical outcomes (RAPCO) study. METHODS: As part of ...
Cengiz Sahika Liva - - 2008
We aimed to evaluate whether bypass of the external carotid artery (ECA) to the middle cerebral artery (MCA) can be established by a short saphenous vein graft in order to increase the anastomosis patency. The method was performed to ten adult cadaver sides. We described a modified technique for bypass ...
Zwicke Dianne - - 2008
Impaired healing of saphenous vein harvest sites is a serious but under-recognized complication of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery, particularly in the presence of peripheral arterial disease. We report the use of a continuous subcutaneous infusion of treprostinil sodium, an analog of prostacyclin, to treat a limb-threatening, nonhealing saphenous vein ...
Sanai Nader - - 2008
Large-vessel vasculitis syndromes in the pediatric population are rare and highly morbid. The authors here report on the microsurgical revascularization of a unique case of presumed vasculitis with aortitis and severe obliterative arteriopathy in a 10-month-old child with symptomatic hemispheric hypoperfusion. Using a cryopreserved saphenous vein, this unilateral aortocarotid bypass ...
Tamim Muhammed - - 2008
Endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) is becoming common for the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Using carbon dioxide insufflations during the vein harvest can produce rare but catastrophic CO(2) embolism. We report a case of massive right atrial CO(2) embolism due to femoral vein injury which occurred during the performance ...
Tonelli Adriano R - - 2008
Saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm is an uncommon complication of coronary bypass grafting. Hemoptysis associated with diffuse bleeding into the lung tissue may be the initial manifestation of this condition. We report a case of a saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm that presented with hemoptysis and was successfully treated with a proximal ...
Hatrick R I - - 2008
An asymptomatic giant true saphenous vein graft aneurysm was successfully occluded by percutaneous distal coil embolisation combined with deployment of a proximal Amplatzer vascular occlusion plug. The aneurysm cavity was excluded from both antegrade flow via the aortosaphenous anastamosis and retrograde flow via the distal left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Margreiter Christian - - 2008
We report a transplant of the left lateral liver segments with two arteries for a pediatric recipient from a live donor. A six-month-old female patient was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis secondary to biliary atresia and scheduled for LDLT (father as donor). Left lateral hepatectomy was performed at the donor site. ...
Lazar Harold L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: New techniques for skin closure that minimize tissue inflammation and avoid foreign material may decrease morbidity following saphenous vein harvesting. The 3M Steri-Strip S surgical skin closure system is a new, noninvasive method of wound closure, which consists of polymeric components coated with a pressure-sensitive skin adhesive. ...
Ichikawa Minoru - - 2008
Saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) are common, as is their degeneration and early failure after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Percutaneous SVG intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES) was associated with superior short-term clinical outcomes. However, SVG intervention compared with coronary intervention often results in distal embolisation and periprocedural myocardial infarction. ...
Lopera Jorge E - - 2008
Infrainguinal arterial bypass (IGAB) surgery is commonly performed in patients with claudication, critical limb ischemia, or other arterial problems in the lower extremities. An IGAB is constructed from different materials depending on the anatomy of the lesion and the availability of an autogenous vein. The ideal material for IGAB is ...
Erdoes Luke S - - 2008
We report three cases of spontaneous vein graft rupture within 2 weeks of infrainguinal vein bypass for limb salvage. Two of the three ruptures were in the distal vein graft and the last just beyond the proximal anastomosis. All were longitudinal slits in the vein with no proximity to branches ...
Dayan Victor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: During harvest of the saphenous vein (SV), the most important relationship to take into account is the saphenous nerve (SN) to avoid pain and paresthesias after surgery. METHODS: We harvested the SV and SN in 20 cadaveric lower limbs. Relationships between both structures were recorded using a millimetric ruler, ...
Olenchock Stephen A SA - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of saphenous vein graft (SVG) radiographic markers has been associated with shorter cardiac catheterization procedure times and reduced contrast agent volume for postoperative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) catheterizations. Use of such markers is varied and often operator-dependent, as the effect of SVG markers has not been fully ...
Puri R - - 2009
Saphenous vein graft aneurysms are a rare but potentially fatal complication following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, with a wide variation in clinical presentations ranging from recurrent atypical chest pain to sudden cardiac death. Although uncommon, the diagnosis should be considered in all patients presenting with a hilar or ...
Nnamdi Nwaejike
<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">A 70yr old lady presented to accident and emergency with sudden onset pleuritic chest pain. A pulmonary embolus (PE) was diagnosed by CTPA. Ten days earlier she had bilateral EVLA for recurrent long saphenous vein disease. Confounding ...
Ba┼čkaya Mustafa K - - 2008
OBJECT: Arterial bypass is an important method of treating intracranial disease requiring sacrifice of the parent vessel. The conduits for extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery include the superficial temporal artery, occipital artery, superior thyroid artery, radial artery, and saphenous vein (long or short). In an aging population with an increased prevalence ...
Prakash - - 2008
Short saphenous has most variable anatomy in the inferior extremity which become more relevant especially in varicose vein surgery. Present study on cadavers was undertaken to report the prevalence of the thigh extension of the short saphenous vein (Giacomini vein) in the Indian population and to discuss it with the ...
Pannone Alfonso - - 2008
Cystic adventitial disease is a rare form of non-atherosclerotic stenosis and one of the main causes of claudication in young and middle-aged men. Approximately 200 case reports are available in the literature to date. It is generally located in the popliteal artery, although it may be found in other arteries ...
Patel Salil - - 2008
The field of interventional cardiology has grown dramatically over the past 30 years, including recent advances in the area of peripheral vascular intervention. The phenomenon of no-reflow, characterized by a reduction in coronary blood flow during vascular intervention, has been associated with adverse outcomes in both saphenous vein graft and ...
Mammano Enzo - - 2008
Leiomyosarcomas rarely arise in primary veins, especially the great saphenous vein. We have found only 20 case reports of leiomyosarcoma arising in the great saphenous vein, most of which manifested as nonspecific symptoms of advanced disease, such as a palpable mass, swelling, and back or abdominal pain. We report the ...
Kim Jun Sik - - 2008
We used two flow-through arterialised venous free flap transfers with the long saphenous vein to reconstruct major arteries and injured skin and soft tissues in the upper extremity. Operating time was reduced, only one donor site was used, and reconstruction of a long arterial defect (24-25 cm) was possible.
Pulling Thomas M - - 2008
Aneurysmal dilation of saphenous vein grafts is a relatively rare complication of the now common surgical procedure of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The true prevalence of this condition is not clear, however, literature review by Jorgensen et. al. between 1975 and 2002 revealed only 76 published cases. 1 ...
Kobulnik Jeremy - - 2007
We describe the first reported case of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm mimicking a left atrial (LA) mass on echocardiographic imaging in a 62-year-old man 22 years after coronary bypass surgery. On presentation with worsening angina, a transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a LA mass. Coronary angiography showed severe native coronary artery ...
Imanishi Nobuaki - - 2007
It is well known that venous drainage of the medial plantar flap is performed by two venous systems: cutaneous veins visible through the skin that drain into the great saphenous vein; and deep veins, namely, accompanying veins of the medial plantar artery. However, there are only a few illustrations of ...
Loonen Martijn P J - - 2007
Little is known about the necessary dimensions of the neurovascular pedicle of the sural flap for inclusion of the concomitant bypass veins of the small saphenous vein to secure sufficient retrograde venous flow. Therefore, the authors evaluated the anatomical basis for venous outflow of the sural flap and were able ...
Simek Martin - - 2007
AIM: An ageing population and increase in patient co-morbidities are forcing cardiac surgeons to meticulously consider the benefits and risks of respective conduits and their harvesting techniques. CASE REPORTS: Two cases of simultaneous endoscopic radial artery and great saphenous vein harvesting, for redo coronary artery bypass grafting, are presented. A ...
Hoffmann Rainer - - 2007
The clinical effectiveness of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) for treatment of patients with saphenous vein graft disease is not well defined. This analysis sought to evaluate the clinical follow-up after treatment of stenotic saphenous vein grafts using SES in a large patient registry. Patients treated with SES for saphenous vein graft ...
Prasad Amit - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of thermal ablation of the saphenous vein with hot contrast medium. METHODS: Twelve saphenous veins of 6 dogs were percutaneously ablated with hot contrast medium. In all animals, ablation was performed in the vein of one leg, followed by ablation in the ...
Kang Alan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine whether computed tomography arteriography of the lower extremities (64-slice volume computed tomography (CT)), used in delineating the arterial tree in peripheral vascular disease, is useful in assessing suitability of greater saphenous vein as a vascular conduit for peripheral bypass grafting for limb-threatening lower limb ischaemia. A search ...
Orsini Camillo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During the past 10 years, sclerotherapy has radically changed, the foam sclerotherapy method being better than that of liquid sclerotherapy. OBJECTIVES: We have analyzed the immediate pathologic effects on the saphenous vein wall in vivo after sclerotherapy with sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STD) foam. METHODS: A group of six patients ...
Chan Roger S - - 2007
Percutaneous intervention in saphenous vein grafts (SVG) carries a higher risk of distal embolization than intervention in a native vessel, and use of a distal protection device has been shown to improve the outcomes in SVG interventions. We describe an intervention done in an unexpected 'Y' SVG which required dual ...
Dietzek Alan M - - 2007
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is the most common vascular disease and represents a significant health care problem in the United States. Reflux of the great saphenous vein is the most common cause of this condition, whose symptoms include varicose veins, leg swelling, skin discoloration, and ulceration. The traditional treatment of ...
Johnson Colleen M - - 2007
Symptomatic lower extremity varicose veins represent one of the most common vascular conditions in the adult population. Associated symptoms ranged from mild conditions such as fatigue, heaviness, and itching to more serious conditions such as skin discoloration and leg ulceration. The predominant causative factor of this condition is reflux of ...
Brown Emile N - - 2007
Recent advances in catheter-based optical coherence tomography (OCT) have provided the necessary resolution and acquisition speed for high-quality intravascular imaging. Complications associated with clearing blood from the vessel of a living patient have prevented its wider acceptance. We identify a surgical application that takes advantage of the vascular imaging powers ...
Chiu K-M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic harvest of saphenous vein is a relatively new technique developed to minimize the wound and postoperative complications. This technique has gained patients' acceptance and become popular in cardiac surgical practices. Because most centers have limited experience with this approach, the authors summarize the clinical profiles of patients undergoing ...
Jacob Samuel - - 2007
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was what the patency of the short saphenous vein is, when used for coronary artery bypass grafting. Altogether 347 papers were found using the reported search, of which nine represented the best evidence ...
Selcuk M Timur - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass surgery with saphenous vein grafts is a well accepted treatment method of coronary artery disease despite the diminishing patency rates of saphenous vein grafts over time mainly due to the atherosclerotic process. Obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease, but ...
Bidwai Anamay - - 2007
Venous obliteration using foam sclerosant is a relatively new procedure that holds great promise and may prove to be as effective as conventional surgical treatments in obliteration of the great saphenous vein. Foam sclerotherapy can have minor and major complications, most of which occur as a result of gas or ...
Bittar Mohamad N - - 2007
Pseudoaneurysms of saphenous vein grafts are rare. We present the case of a 58-year-old man who presented with recurrent angina nine years following quadruple coronary artery bypass graft surgery in 1983. He was found to have an aneurysm arising from the ascending aorta. The patient underwent off-pump aorto-saphenous vein pseudoaneurysm ...
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