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Results 101 - 150 of 1041
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Di Mauro Michele - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate long-term results of bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting with saphenous vein or another arterial conduit as the third conduit. METHODS: From September 1991 to December 2002, a total of 1015 patients underwent first isolated coronary artery bypass grafting for triple-vessel disease, with bilateral ...
Navarro T P - - 2009
Chronic venous insufficiency ranges from mild telangiectasias to skin ulceration with poor prognosis regarding healing and quality of life. Varicose veins are the most frequent clinical presentation, affecting 75% of such patients and 71% are due to primary reflux of great saphenous vein, which is the most compromised vein in ...
Loesch Andrzej - - 2009
This review focuses on sympathetic perivascular innervation of human saphenous vein. It shows the distribution of the nerves in the vein wall, including an association of the nerves with the vasa vasorum system. An account of a possible contribution of sympathetic nerves to the physiology of the saphenous vein, as ...
Rousou Laki J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Injury to the saphenous vein endothelium during harvest impacts patency after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Many centers are adopting endoscopic saphenous vein harvest (ESVH) instead of using the traditional open saphenous vein harvest (OSVH) technique. Our objective was to compare the effects of ESVH and OSVH on the ...
Ghosh Sudip Kumar - - 2009
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has become a common surgical procedure. During this procedure, the greater saphenous vein is most often used as the conduit and the side effects of the leg vein harvesting include a variety of cutaneous changes. We report the cutaneous effects at the saphenous vein harvesting ...
Panetta Carmelo J - - 2009
Aneurysms of saphenous vein grafts are rare but can result in complications such as myocardial infarction or death. Percutaneous treatment has included a variety of approaches, including covered stents. Long aneurysms in saphenous vein grafts pose an additional challenge due to the lack of coronary covered stents with sufficient length. ...
Marcus H J - - 2009
We report a patient that developed an aneurysm on a grafted saphenous vein following an extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass. Although saphenous vein graft aneurysms (SVGAs) have been described as a rare complication following coronary surgery, we are unaware of any previously reported cases of SVGAs following EC-IC bypass.
Schacht Vivien - - 2009
The anatomical relationship between lymphatic collectors and veins is of clinical importance for preventing lymphedema secondary to lymphatic collector injury during surgical procedures. To identify areas at risk during surgical interventions, we performed an anatomical study of human legs. The lymphatic collectors of 42 legs of human cadavers were injected ...
Yamaki T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and haemodynamic effects of great saphenous vein (GSV) sparing surgery--valvuloplasty combined with axial transposition of a competent tributary vein (A-VACT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five limbs in 74 patients with isolated GSV incompetence were selected for GSV sparing surgery. After angiographic valvuloplasty, the competent tributary vein ...
Solaković Emir - - 2008
There is still debate whether sintethic graft (polytetrafluoroethylene or Dacron) is equivalent to vein as bypass graft material for the above-knee femoropopliteal bypass. Therefore, we performed prospective randomized trial to compare vein with polytetrafluoroethylene/dacron for femoropopliteal bypasses with the distal anastomosis above the knee. Between January 2000 and June 2003, ...
Grow Parker - - 2008
Saphenous vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) carries unique technical challenges requiring the utilization of embolic protection devices (EPDs) to reduce the adverse events associated with distal embolization. Distal embolization is a common and almost ubiquitous consequence of SVG PCI due to the soft and friable nature of the ...
Mehta Sameer K - - 2008
The use of distal embolic protection devices (EPD) in saphenous vein graft percutaneous interventions (SVG-PCI) has been associated with a decrease in adverse events. Currently, there are limited data regarding the percentage of SVG lesions that are suitable for EPD deployment. We retrospectively reviewed 131 SVG-PCI procedures occurring over 18 ...
Vaz Carolina - - 2009
Short saphenous vein incompetence is present in up to 20% of patients with varicose veins. Studies looking at the success and complication rates associated with endovenous laser ablation of the short saphenous vein included only a small number of patients. The authors report the case of a 51-year-old woman presenting ...
Eidson J Leigh JL - - 2008
Endoluminal ablation either by laser or radiofrequency energy of the great saphenous vein has become the standard therapy for varicose veins caused by great saphenous vein insufficiency. The rapid recovery time and low complication profile are both reasons practitioners and patients choose this treatment modality. Complications are rare and are ...
Aqel Raed - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coronary angiography is limited by its inability to assess the hemodynamic significance of a coronary artery stenosis. The assessment of the physiological significance of saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions with a pressure wire to determine the fractional flow reserve (FFR) is lacking. METHODS: FFR was determined in 10 SVG ...
Dirven M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the usefulness of greater saphenous vein preservation for future vascular reconstructions during femoro-popliteal bypass surgery. DESIGN: Post-hoc analysis of data acquired in a randomized multi-centre clinical trial comparing two different vascular prostheses (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT 00523263). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The true frequency of ipsilateral saphenous vein use ...
Lozano F S - - 2008
When neck cancer affects the carotid artery, the best therapeutic option is to remove the tumor en bloc, including the affected vessels. When the carotid artery is revascularized, the usual practice according to the literature is to replace the defective carotid artery with an autologous graft from the saphenous vein, ...
Miyakawa Ayumi Aurea - - 2008
Saphenous vein grafting is still widely used to revascularize ischemic myocardium. The effectiveness of this procedure is limited by neointima formation and accelerated atherosclerosis, which frequently leads to graft occlusion. A better understanding of this process is important to clarify the mechanisms of vein graft disease and to aid in ...
Reed James F JF - - 2008
Wound complications associated with long incisions used to harvest the greater saphenous vein are common and well documented. We compared leg wound infection rates, wound healing disturbances (WHDs), length of vein harvested, vein harvest time, and total surgical time between minimally invasive saphenous vein harvesting (MIVH) and conventional vein harvesting ...
Levy Mark M - - 2008
A 65-year-old female presented with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage thirty years following an aorta-to-right renal artery bypass constructed with saphenous vein. Upper endoscopy demonstrated a duodenal ulcer, and a CAT scan demonstrated aneurysmal degeneration of her renal artery bypass with duodenal impingement. Laparotomy demonstrated erosion of the aneurysm through the posterior ...
Corcos Leonardo - - 2008
Endosaphenous laser ablation is used in the treatment of great saphenous vein insufficiency with various methods, with and without surgical interruption. However, its mode of action and indications are not yet clear. To verify the mode of action of endosaphenous laser ablation by duplex ultrasound (DUS) follow-up, with the support ...
Sharif M A - - 2009
The aim of this ex vivo experimental study was to assess the effect of smoking, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension on endothelial function in human saphenous vein, a commonly used conduit for coronary and peripheral arterial bypass surgery. A segment of long saphenous vein harvested during infrainguinal bypass surgery was mounted ...
Briers N - - 2008
Cut-down techniques by which emergency venous access can be achieved are important, particularly, in the resuscitation of haemodynamically depleted patients where percutaneous access to collapsed veins is a problem. The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of different methods that are used to locate the proximal great saphenous vein in ...
Tjang Yanto Sandy - - 2008
In the situation where the saphenous veins were unavailable, cephalic vein was the second choice in the beginning of 1980s. The routine use of saphenous vein and recent enthusiasm for arterial surgical myocardial revascularization lead to less attention on this conduit. We reported a patient undergoing redo coronary bypass surgery ...
Mehta Vandana - - 2008
A unilateral case of variations in the brachial and antebrachial arterial branching pattern of a human upper limb is reported. A high bifurcation of brachial artery along with superficial course of ulnar artery was observed. Additionally, the profunda brachii and common interosseous artery originated from the radial artery instead of ...
Ho Paul C - - 2008
Myocardial ischemia has been associated with patent saphenous vein grafts (SVG) for reasons that may be attributable to graft-related endothelial dysfunction. Recanalization of the bypassed native coronary arteries may relieve the regional ischemia. In this clinical scenario, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the challenging chronic total occlusions (CTO) can be ...
Bedogni Francesco - - 2008
Catheter-based intervention in saphenous vein aorto-coronary bypass is an established approach. Even if effective, this treatment can be associated with a high incidence of procedure-related complications, mainly because of distal embolization of atherosclerotic plaque. Both occlusion devices and filter-based protection devices have offered comparable results. In the case described below, ...
Bisson Erica F - - 2008
Patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease who have failed maximal medical therapy, which consists of antiplatelet agents as well as maximizing modifiable risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking cessation, and obesity, and whose lesions are not amenable or have not responded to the more common vascular procedures (i.e., carotid ...
Siani A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aim of this paper is to evaluate the safety and the patency rate of the infrapopliteal bypass grafts performed with the great saphenous vein (GSV) with small (<2.5 mm) or large calibre (>5 mm). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and May 2007, 73 infra-genicular bypass with autologous saphenous ...
Yildirim Erkan - - 2009
A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our institution with pain, night cramping, and visible varicose veins on her left leg. Doppler ultrasonography revealed continuous reflux in the great saphenous vein when the patient did the Valsalva maneuver. Endovenous laser therapy was applied to the great saphenous vein. Doppler ultrasonography 7 ...
Holzheimer Rene G RG Chirurgische Praxisklinik Sauerlach, Germany. - - 2008
Sportsman complaints in the legs are most often associated with diseases and/or trauma of the musculoskeletal system. More rarely disturbances of the vascular system, e.g., popliteal artery entrapment have been reported in sportsman. Venous entrapment or venous claudication is mainly observed in cases of deep venous thrombosis. We report a ...
Kupreishvili K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested an association between Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cp) infection and atherosclerosis. A recent study detected Cp DNA in the saphenous vein of 12% of all patients before bypass grafting and in 38% of failed grafts. We used a system in which human veins were perfused with autologous ...
Kurkcuoglu Ayla - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To provide information on superficial veins of the lower limb such as anatomic variations, valve distribution, termination forms, and histological properties of vein walls. METHODS: Two hundred greater saphenous veins in 200 patients and 10 cadavers were investigated. Ultrasound examinations were performed in the Department of Radiology, Ataturk Hospital ...
Kachlík D - - 2008
The question whether the primary increase of vasa vasorum (VV) of venous wall (i) plays an initial role in varicogenesis or (ii) is an expression of impairment of the nutritional conditions in superficial veins of lower extremities is not unambiguously solved yet. The aim of the study was to describe ...
Hayward Philip A R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In order to determine the best conduit for coronary targets other than the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, long-term clinical outcomes following revascularisation with a radial artery or saphenous vein graft were evaluated as part of the radial artery patency and clinical outcomes (RAPCO) study. METHODS: As part of ...
Cengiz Sahika Liva - - 2008
We aimed to evaluate whether bypass of the external carotid artery (ECA) to the middle cerebral artery (MCA) can be established by a short saphenous vein graft in order to increase the anastomosis patency. The method was performed to ten adult cadaver sides. We described a modified technique for bypass ...
Zwicke Dianne - - 2008
Impaired healing of saphenous vein harvest sites is a serious but under-recognized complication of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery, particularly in the presence of peripheral arterial disease. We report the use of a continuous subcutaneous infusion of treprostinil sodium, an analog of prostacyclin, to treat a limb-threatening, nonhealing saphenous vein ...
Sanai Nader - - 2008
Large-vessel vasculitis syndromes in the pediatric population are rare and highly morbid. The authors here report on the microsurgical revascularization of a unique case of presumed vasculitis with aortitis and severe obliterative arteriopathy in a 10-month-old child with symptomatic hemispheric hypoperfusion. Using a cryopreserved saphenous vein, this unilateral aortocarotid bypass ...
Tamim Muhammed - - 2008
Endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) is becoming common for the patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Using carbon dioxide insufflations during the vein harvest can produce rare but catastrophic CO(2) embolism. We report a case of massive right atrial CO(2) embolism due to femoral vein injury which occurred during the performance ...
Tonelli Adriano R - - 2008
Saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm is an uncommon complication of coronary bypass grafting. Hemoptysis associated with diffuse bleeding into the lung tissue may be the initial manifestation of this condition. We report a case of a saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm that presented with hemoptysis and was successfully treated with a proximal ...
Hatrick R I - - 2008
An asymptomatic giant true saphenous vein graft aneurysm was successfully occluded by percutaneous distal coil embolisation combined with deployment of a proximal Amplatzer vascular occlusion plug. The aneurysm cavity was excluded from both antegrade flow via the aortosaphenous anastamosis and retrograde flow via the distal left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Margreiter Christian - - 2008
We report a transplant of the left lateral liver segments with two arteries for a pediatric recipient from a live donor. A six-month-old female patient was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis secondary to biliary atresia and scheduled for LDLT (father as donor). Left lateral hepatectomy was performed at the donor site. ...
Lazar Harold L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: New techniques for skin closure that minimize tissue inflammation and avoid foreign material may decrease morbidity following saphenous vein harvesting. The 3M Steri-Strip S surgical skin closure system is a new, noninvasive method of wound closure, which consists of polymeric components coated with a pressure-sensitive skin adhesive. ...
Ichikawa Minoru - - 2008
Saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) are common, as is their degeneration and early failure after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Percutaneous SVG intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES) was associated with superior short-term clinical outcomes. However, SVG intervention compared with coronary intervention often results in distal embolisation and periprocedural myocardial infarction. ...
Lopera Jorge E - - 2008
Infrainguinal arterial bypass (IGAB) surgery is commonly performed in patients with claudication, critical limb ischemia, or other arterial problems in the lower extremities. An IGAB is constructed from different materials depending on the anatomy of the lesion and the availability of an autogenous vein. The ideal material for IGAB is ...
Erdoes Luke S - - 2008
We report three cases of spontaneous vein graft rupture within 2 weeks of infrainguinal vein bypass for limb salvage. Two of the three ruptures were in the distal vein graft and the last just beyond the proximal anastomosis. All were longitudinal slits in the vein with no proximity to branches ...
Dayan Victor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: During harvest of the saphenous vein (SV), the most important relationship to take into account is the saphenous nerve (SN) to avoid pain and paresthesias after surgery. METHODS: We harvested the SV and SN in 20 cadaveric lower limbs. Relationships between both structures were recorded using a millimetric ruler, ...
Olenchock Stephen A SA - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of saphenous vein graft (SVG) radiographic markers has been associated with shorter cardiac catheterization procedure times and reduced contrast agent volume for postoperative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) catheterizations. Use of such markers is varied and often operator-dependent, as the effect of SVG markers has not been fully ...
Puri R - - 2009
Saphenous vein graft aneurysms are a rare but potentially fatal complication following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, with a wide variation in clinical presentations ranging from recurrent atypical chest pain to sudden cardiac death. Although uncommon, the diagnosis should be considered in all patients presenting with a hilar or ...
Nnamdi Nwaejike
<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">A 70yr old lady presented to accident and emergency with sudden onset pleuritic chest pain. A pulmonary embolus (PE) was diagnosed by CTPA. Ten days earlier she had bilateral EVLA for recurrent long saphenous vein disease. Confounding ...
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