Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1017
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Dardik H - - 1997
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of everted cervical veins used as patches after carotid endarterectomy. A prospective nonrandomized comparative analysis was performed on patients with either everted cervical veins or saphenous veins as patches after carotid endarterectomy. Two hundred ninety-six patients underwent 329 carotid ...
Doyle M T - - 1997
The purpose of this report is to show the imaging characteristics of saphenous vein graft aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. Conventional radiographic, CT, and coronary angiography images were reviewed for three patients ranging from 64 to 69 years old who had documented saphenous vein graft aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms. Saphenous vein graft aneurysms ...
Jeremy J Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of autologous saphenous vein grafts occlude as the result of intimal thickening. Blood vessels synthesize substances that may inhibit such intimal thickening. These include cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), which are stimulated by prostacyclin and nitric oxide, respectively. The prostacyclin-cAMP and nitric ...
Davidović L - - 1997
The early postoperative results of 44 surgically treated popliteal arterial injuries from the Yugoslav civil war are reported. Of these patients, 41 (93%) were males and three (7%) were females, average age was 28 (range 6-45) years. Twenty patients (45%) had gunshot wounds and 24 (55%) explosive wounds. Twelve (28%) ...
Yang J A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The impairment of the synthesis and release of endothelium-derived relaxing factors may be related to the high incidence of atherosclerosis and occlusion in saphenous vein grafts. This study focused on the effect of surgical preparation on one of the endothelium-derived relaxing factors, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor, in the human saphenous ...
Allen S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin reduces postoperative bleeding and the need for transfusion after cardiopulmonary bypass. The current clinical concern about aprotinin is that it may increase the incidence of postoperative graft thrombosis and thromboembolic phenomena. The fact that the mechanism of action of aprotinin is not completely elucidated and that its effects ...
Gurbel P A - - 1997
A 68-year-old man developed unstable angina 12 years following coronary artery bypass surgery. Angiography revealed an extensive area of severe stenosis and diminished distal flow in a right coronary artery vein bypass graft. Given the high distal embolism rate associated with conventional catheter-based treatment of old degenerated vein grafts, the ...
Tovar E A - - 1997
This report describes a case in which normal surgical manipulation during dissection of the heart while performing a repeat revascularization procedure produced a significant deformity in Palmaz-Schatz stents previously implanted in a saphenous vein graft. The graft had shown satisfactory angiographic appearance immediately before the operation, and consideration was given ...
Waller B F - - 1997
Catheter balloon angioplasty is a well accepted form of nonsurgical treatment of acutely and chronically obstructed coronary artery vessels. It is also the centerpiece for various new intervention techniques. Their morphologic effect on the site of obstruction has been termed "remodeling." Part V of this six-part series focuses on remodeling ...
Smith R G - - 1997
Intimal proliferation or Neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) is a vascular lesion that often arises in arteries after balloon angioplasty or other vessel wall injuries. FIH is a vascular lesion that develops in autologous saphenous vein grafts (SVG) after transplantation into the aorto-coronary circulation or the peripheral vascular circulation. FIH shares elements ...
Chalasani P - - 1997
Two unusual cases of large aneurysms, one located in the native right coronary artery and the other in a saphenous vein graft, are reported. Their size and mode of presentation as asymptomatic paracardiac masses on chest x-ray films make them unique. It is proposed that these entities be considered as ...
Yaryura R - - 1997
Both reoperation and alternative treatments for thrombo-occlusive disease of saphenous vein grafts have been fraught with a high rate of complications and a low rate of long-term success. We report 2 cases in which thrombo-occlusive saphenous vein graft disease was treated with the aid of abciximab during the intervention and ...
Lumsden A B - - 1996
Harvest of the saphenous vein is a commonly performed procedure in cardiovascular surgery. The incision required for its removal is the longest used anywhere. In this report, the authors describe a minimally invasive technique for removal of the vein. This has been used in 30 patients undergoing peripheral arterial bypass ...
Schanzer H - - 1996
A 35-year-old patient, physically very active, developed symptoms and signs of postphlebitic venous obstruction in the right lower extremity that was complicated by deep venous thrombosis, while recovering from a motorcycle accident. Duplex and venography demonstrated occlusion of the right superficial femoral vein and right external iliac vein. Strain-gauge plethysmography ...
Szentiványi M M - - 1996
The vascular effects of somatostatin (ST) and its mechanism of action are not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the direct effects of ST on the vascular tone of rat saphenous artery and vein using videomicroangiometry in situ. ST was administered either in superfusion or in infusion. We ...
Berglund H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty exists regarding the effects of nitroglycerin on atherosclerotic segments of coronary arteries, and information on vasoreactivity of saphenous vein bypass grafts is sparse. Intravascular ultrasound enables identification of atherosclerosis in angiographically normal segments and allows continuous determination of alterations in cross-sectional lumen areas. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with ...
Lespérance J - - 1996
The accepted value for reproducibility (true change) is two standard deviations (SD) of the differences between repeat measurements. It has been well established for coronary artery measurements using several different quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) systems, but it has not been well documented for saphenous vein grafts (SVG). The purpose of ...
Garrett H E - - 1996
A 42-year-old man had extensive occlusive disease of the coronary artery and angina pectoris. An autogenous saphenous vein bypass from the ascending aorta to the anterior descending coronary artery was performed on Nov 23, 1964. The patient suffered an asymptomatic anterior myocardial infarction during operation but made an uncomplicated recovery. ...
Venance S L - - 1996
Smooth muscle contraction bands (SMCBs) have been described in the gastrointestinal tract, subsequent to acute ischemia, and in the coronary arteries of animals and individuals with a sudden death; in these circumstances SMCBs have been postulated to serve as a premortem marker, and suggested as diagnostically useful. The present investigation ...
Cusimano R J RJ Division of Candiovascular Surgery, Toronto Hospital, - - 1996
To determine if saphenous vein required for coronary bypass could be quickly, easily and safely removed with a minimally invasive technique. A consecutive series. A university centre. In cadavers, a standard mediastinoscope was used to remove segments of the greater saphenous vein. Thigh segments, superior leg segments and ankle segments ...
Rosenthal D - - 1996
In an attempt to obviate the need for an incision the length of the leg during in situ saphenous vein bypass, a minimally invasive operation using 'laparoscopic techniques' was developed. At operation, standard incisions were made over the proximal femoral artery/vein and the saphenous vein at the distal popliteal artery ...
Kalinga M J - - 1996
We report an unusual case of a popliteal aneurysm complicating a distal femoral osteochondroma caused by the repeated massages of a traditional medicine practitioner (sinseh). Management was by excision of the exostosis and reconstruction of the damaged arterial segment by a reversed long saphenous vein graft. We advice against massage ...
John L C - - 1996
Bleeding may occur at the proximal anastomosis of an aortocoronary bypass graft due to the aortotomy being larger than the vein graft diameter. This results in the wall of the vein being under tension, so that the anastomotic suture or further stitches may cut through. A partial thickness suture placed ...
Simonich M P - - 1996
The foot of a 6-year-old child was revascularized successfully following an avulsion and partial amputation through the tibiotalar joint. Partial degloving had disrupted the anterior and posterior tibial arteries with resultant ischemia. We excised the entire damaged segment of the posterior tibial artery and performed a reverse saphenous vein graft, ...
Tong Y - - 1996
Recurrent venous reflux in the popliteal fossa of patients with recurrent varicose veins following short saphenous vein surgery was assessed in 70 limbs using a duplex scanner. Incompetence of the short saphenous vein was found to be the main source (61%) of venous reflux in the popliteal fossa (43/70). The ...
Mangialardi N - - 1996
A case of cystic degeneration of the popliteal artery in a 58-year-old male is reported. Symptoms consisted of a claudication of abrupt onset and the correct diagnostic clue was initially given by magnetic resonance of the knee and confirmed by angiography. Treatment consisted of surgical removal of the cyst and ...
Dahm P L - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has a wide range of vascular effects mediated via specific receptors and it has been suggested to be a mediator in ischemic heart disease. The aim of the present study was to localise the 5-HT receptors within the vessel wall. METHODS: Epicardial coronary arteries obtained from patients ...
Mureebe L - - 1996
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed orthopedic procedure. The incidence of vascular complications after TKA is low. However, these complications may be debilitating, limb-threatening, and potentially avoidable. Our first patient, who had no preexisting vascular occlusive disease, developed an ischemic extremity after TKA. The second patient underwent TKA ...
Aronow H - - 1996
A 55-year-old woman presented with profound congestive heart failure 23 years following mediastinal radiation. Ejection fraction (EF) was 35%. Symptoms markedly improved and EF increased to > 55% following saphenous vein bypass for > or = 80% ostial left main stenosis. Radiation therapy, a known risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis, ...
Degner D A - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to identify the angiosome of the medial saphenous artery and vein and to evaluate the use of this cutaneous angiosome as a free skin flap in the dog. In phase 1 of this study, selective angiography of the medial saphenous artery performed in six ...
Hicks R C - - 1996
Normal plasma fibrinogen concentrations are critical to haemostasis. Higher fibrinogen concentrations are associated with increasing risk of atherosclerotic disease and with graft stenosis and occlusion after saphenous vein bypass surgery. Vein graft stenosis is characterized by the localized proliferation of intimal smooth muscle cells, causing narrowing of the graft with ...
Sakakibara N - - 1996
We report a 32-year-old female patient with antiphospholipid syndrome including severe coronary artery disease and multiple arterial and venous thrombosis. The patient had occlusion of the right internal thoracic artery, diffuse stenosis of the left internal thoracic artery, and occlusion of the left saphenous vein. The patient underwent successful coronary ...
Licht P - - 1996
Various alternative conduits for aortocoronary bypass grafting have been suggested when the saphenous vein quality is inadequate. During a 10-year period we have used the cephalic vein in 39 patients. Eighteen entered an angiographic follow-up study. A total of 31 arm vein grafts were used with 43 distal anastomoses. When ...
Jeremy J Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells in the intima and superimposed atheroma are the main changes underlying late failure of saphenous vein bypass grafts. There is evidence that these events are partly modulated by complex interactions between inhibitors of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, such as prostacyclin ...
Hölzenbein T J - - 1996
Aggressive policies for distal bypass and coronary revascularization increase the need to identify alternatives to autologous saphenous vein grafts. We examined the performance of arm vein as the primary alternative to contralateral saphenous vein when the ipsilateral saphenous vein was not available. A total of 250 arm vein grafts were ...
Tanaka Y - - 1996
We report five cases of adipo-lymphatico venous transfer (ALVT) performed to treat unilateral obstructive lymphedema of the lower extremity. ALVT is a surgical procedure that utilizes the long saphenous vein and its surrounding lymphatic tissue from the unaffected limb for the treatment of lymphedema. Since ALVT does not necessitate anastomoses ...
Partanen J - - 1996
Profuse spontaneous haemorrhage occurred in association with mediastinitis after median sternotomy for coronary bypass surgery in three men aged 54, 47 and 59 years. The bleeding sites were aorta, right ventricle and saphenous bypass graft. The aortic rupture occurred during closed lavage, the right ventricle ruptured during open saline mediastinal ...
Corcos L - - 1996
Increasing interest on the short saphenous vein has been induced by its employment as autologus graft in arterial surgery and for being held responsible for the onset and development of varicose veins of the lower limbs and postoperative recurrence. These two clinical conditions require a more precise assessment of the ...
Moody C A - - 1995
Many patients who undergo saphenous vein harvesting during aortocoronary bypass procedures experience saphenous vein incision site complications, such as hematoma formation. Twelve percent of the patients in this descriptive, comparative study developed hematomas in their saphenous vein incision sites. Contributing factors were age, smoking, diabetes, and intraoperative heparinization. An intraoperative ...
Kyriakidis M - - 1995
We report a case of a hard lesion in the body of an aortocoronary saphenous vein graft, which developed 3 years after bypass surgery and was not amenable to dilation during percutaneous coronary angioplasty, despite multiple balloon inflations at pressures reaching 13 atm. Hard lesions in aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts ...
Shah D M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to test the durability of the use of the unobstructed popliteal or tibial arteries as alternative inflow sources. MATERIALS: We examined 106 such bypasses performed during a 12 year period (1981-93). The indication for surgery was limb salvage in 99.1%. Seventy-five percent of the patients were ...
Bové T - - 1995
Saphenous vein patch angioplasty has been introduced to prevent early and late restenosis after carotid artery endarterectomy. We describe a case of vein patch rupture on the first postoperative day, resulting in death of a hypertensive female patient. Although the incidence of this complication is low (0.5 to 1%), the ...
Mills N L - - 1995
Saphenous vein graft failure is one of the primary reasons for coronary artery bypass reoperation. The economic impact alone in this country is staggering in an era of intensive cost cutting. The fact that some vein grafts remain free of disease for years while the sibling vein develops extensive atherosclerosis ...
Chaux A - - 1995
Coronary saphenous vein grafts in human beings have a more limited long-term patency rate than internal thoracic artery grafts, primarily because of more rapid development of arteriosclerosis. The factors responsible for this increased susceptibility are not completely understood. To test the hypothesis that vein valves may influence this process, we ...
Canver C C - - 1995
The choice of graft conduit is crucial to the success of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because the patency of a coronary conduit is closely associated with an uneventful postoperative course and a better long-term patient survival. The standard conduits used for CABG are the greater saphenous vein (GSV) and ...
Katsumata T - - 1995
Stenting seems to be a definitive procedure after failed balloon coronary angioplasty. This report describes a case of redo coronary bypass grafting and concomitant resection of enlarging false aneurysm of a saphenous vein graft that developed secondary to stenting for recurrent stenosis after serial percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. It warns ...
Tong Y - - 1995
Duplex scanning was used to study recurrent varicose veins in 244 limbs with previous high ligation of the long saphenous vein. The recurrent varicose veins were classified into two types according to the presence or absence of a residual long saphenous vein. Varicose veins with a residual long saphenous vein ...
Cardenas J R - - 1995
Restenotic lesions at distal saphenous vein graft (SVG) anastomoses have been notoriously difficult to treat with standard angioplasty techniques. We explored the potential of rotational atherectomy in three patients with nonthrombotic, focal restenoses at the SVG touch down. The Rotablator safely and successfully recanalized the lesions, allowing further treatment with ...
Fox A D - - 1995
A 74-year-old male claudicant had undergone operative repair of his bilateral varicose veins 22 years earlier. His records confirmed that on the right side he had only had a saphenofemoral disconnection. Duplex scanning and angiography of his right leg demonstrated an occluded superficial femoral artery (SFA) and a network of ...
Kasabian A K - - 1995
Microvascular free flaps have been successfully used to cover defects of the lower extremity. In patients with peripheral vascular disease and lower extremity defects, revascularization with in situ or reversed saphenous vein bypass graft combined with microvascular tissue transfer can salvage a limb that would otherwise be amputated. However, some ...
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