Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1034
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Morimoto T - - 1997
Cortical venous reconstruction using saphenous vein graft was performed in a patient during a procedure for meningioma removal. A cortical vein passing by the tumour was accidentally sacrificed during the dural opening. Before tumour removal the cortical vein was reconstructed with a 2-cm length of saphenous vein graft. Intraoperative venous ...
Gelabert H A - - 1997
Lesser saphenous vein grafts have become an important element in limb salvage surgery. Their location frequently dictates that the graft be translocated for use. This incurs the disadvantages of ischemia and increased manipulation of the graft and loses the advantages of an in-situ bypass. The use of the lesser saphenous ...
Giannoukas A D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Pre-existing unsuspected wall changes in saphenous vein grafts have been implicated in the graft outcome. Pre-bypass assessment of the vein may identify grafts at high risk for failure. This study was conducted to evaluate preoperatively the quality of the long saphenous vein (LSV) wall with ultrasound and histology. DESIGN: ...
Lerakis S - - 1997
We examined the relation of an ischemic syndrome with the progression of coronary disease early (<3 years) after multiple bypass grafting utilizing an internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts. Data indicate that an ischemic syndrome is associated with progression of native coronary disease distal to the graft or total ...
Rosenthal D - - 1997
The role of intraoperative angioscopy continues to evolve. To better define the role of angioscopy in vascular surgery, a review of the recent literature was performed. The most well-established indication for angioscopy is preparation of the saphenous vein for in situ bypass; however, angioscopy has also been demonstrated to be ...
Golledge J - - 1997
Adaptation of saphenous vein to the hemodynamic stresses of the arterial circulation is critical to the maturation of vein bypass grafts. We have investigated early adaptive responses of venous endothelium by placing excised human saphenous vein in a bypass circuit with either venous or arterial flow conditions, using external stenting ...
Golledge J - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To develop an in vitro model of human saphenous vein bypass to facilitate study of the early adaptive responses of venous endothelium to arterial flow conditions. DESIGN MATERIAL AND METHODS: Segments of human saphenous vein (with or without external polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) stents to limit circumferential and radial deformation) were ...
Tevaearai H T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Preparation of the great saphenous vein for coronary artery bypass grafts is traditionally performed through one or many long cutaneous incisions. We describe the dissection of the great saphenous vein through small cutaneous incisions using the Mini Harvest System. METHODS: The device is composed of a retractor coupled to ...
Wilson Y G - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The severity of pre-existing pathological changes in human saphenous vein (HSV) correlates with the development of vein graft stenosis and graft patency. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of pre-existing intimal hyperplasia on development of the neointima in vitro, using an organ culture model. MATERIALS ...
Locati P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the use of bifurcated and not reversed saphenous vein in different cases. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report two cases treated in the department of vascular surgery (Busto Arsizio, Varese, Italy) in which different arterial tracts had to be revascularized at the same time using ...
DiSanto M E - - 1997
We demonstrate, using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, that, whereas abdominal aorta from rabbit consists almost entirely of myosin heavy chain (MHC) mRNA with no insert at the 5'-terminal coding region, the distributing arteries (femoral and saphenous) begin to show MHC mRNA with the 21-nucleotide insert that encodes seven amino acids ...
Brinck U - - 1997
Aortocoronary bypass conduits derived from saphenous veins usually develop diffuse intimal thickening, one of the major causes of haemodynamically relevant graft stenosis. To elucidate the role of smooth muscle cell proliferation in late graft failure, specimens from highly stenotic or occluded vein grafts implanted into the arterial circulation for more ...
Bilfinger T V - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cryopreserved veins are used as conduits for myocardial revascularization. However, a high failure rate associated with their use has been reported anecdotally. METHODS: To find an explanation for the poor performance of cryopreserved vein grafts, we conducted a retrospective 5-year study on all patients at a single institution in ...
Alimi Y S - - 1997
The treatment of permanent and benign iliac vein occlusion responsible for acute vein thrombosis or chronic symptoms remains controversial. Different methods of reconstruction using a reinforced expanded polytetrafluoroethylene bypass graft associated with an arteriovenous fistula and their intermediate-term results are analyzed. Eight consecutive patients (six men, two women; mean age, ...
Ouriel K - - 1997
The distal popliteal artery and proximal crural vessels represent common locations for atherosclerotic occlusive disease, especially in the diabetic subpopulation. Symptoms such as pain at rest, distal ulceration, and gangrene are associated with a high risk of limb loss unless arterial flow can be restored. Surgical revascularization is the most ...
Hoelting T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study was a retrospective review of 19 patients with popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) treated in a 20-year interval. METHODS: The Heidelberg classification of PAES was used, which differentiates three categories of entrapment: in type I the popliteal artery has an atypical course, in type II the muscular ...
Mönig S P - - 1997
After carrying out the first free vein graft transplantation on an aneurysm of the axillary vein by Lexer in 1907, many attempts were made to reconstruct arterial injuries with direct vascular suture technique or vein graft transplants during the Balkan War (1912) and the First World War (1914-1918). Hans von ...
Dardik H - - 1997
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of everted cervical veins used as patches after carotid endarterectomy. A prospective nonrandomized comparative analysis was performed on patients with either everted cervical veins or saphenous veins as patches after carotid endarterectomy. Two hundred ninety-six patients underwent 329 carotid ...
Doyle M T - - 1997
The purpose of this report is to show the imaging characteristics of saphenous vein graft aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. Conventional radiographic, CT, and coronary angiography images were reviewed for three patients ranging from 64 to 69 years old who had documented saphenous vein graft aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms. Saphenous vein graft aneurysms ...
Jeremy J Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of autologous saphenous vein grafts occlude as the result of intimal thickening. Blood vessels synthesize substances that may inhibit such intimal thickening. These include cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), which are stimulated by prostacyclin and nitric oxide, respectively. The prostacyclin-cAMP and nitric ...
Davidović L - - 1997
The early postoperative results of 44 surgically treated popliteal arterial injuries from the Yugoslav civil war are reported. Of these patients, 41 (93%) were males and three (7%) were females, average age was 28 (range 6-45) years. Twenty patients (45%) had gunshot wounds and 24 (55%) explosive wounds. Twelve (28%) ...
Yang J A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The impairment of the synthesis and release of endothelium-derived relaxing factors may be related to the high incidence of atherosclerosis and occlusion in saphenous vein grafts. This study focused on the effect of surgical preparation on one of the endothelium-derived relaxing factors, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor, in the human saphenous ...
Allen S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin reduces postoperative bleeding and the need for transfusion after cardiopulmonary bypass. The current clinical concern about aprotinin is that it may increase the incidence of postoperative graft thrombosis and thromboembolic phenomena. The fact that the mechanism of action of aprotinin is not completely elucidated and that its effects ...
Gurbel P A - - 1997
A 68-year-old man developed unstable angina 12 years following coronary artery bypass surgery. Angiography revealed an extensive area of severe stenosis and diminished distal flow in a right coronary artery vein bypass graft. Given the high distal embolism rate associated with conventional catheter-based treatment of old degenerated vein grafts, the ...
Tovar E A - - 1997
This report describes a case in which normal surgical manipulation during dissection of the heart while performing a repeat revascularization procedure produced a significant deformity in Palmaz-Schatz stents previously implanted in a saphenous vein graft. The graft had shown satisfactory angiographic appearance immediately before the operation, and consideration was given ...
Waller B F - - 1997
Catheter balloon angioplasty is a well accepted form of nonsurgical treatment of acutely and chronically obstructed coronary artery vessels. It is also the centerpiece for various new intervention techniques. Their morphologic effect on the site of obstruction has been termed "remodeling." Part V of this six-part series focuses on remodeling ...
Smith R G - - 1997
Intimal proliferation or Neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) is a vascular lesion that often arises in arteries after balloon angioplasty or other vessel wall injuries. FIH is a vascular lesion that develops in autologous saphenous vein grafts (SVG) after transplantation into the aorto-coronary circulation or the peripheral vascular circulation. FIH shares elements ...
Chalasani P - - 1997
Two unusual cases of large aneurysms, one located in the native right coronary artery and the other in a saphenous vein graft, are reported. Their size and mode of presentation as asymptomatic paracardiac masses on chest x-ray films make them unique. It is proposed that these entities be considered as ...
Yaryura R - - 1997
Both reoperation and alternative treatments for thrombo-occlusive disease of saphenous vein grafts have been fraught with a high rate of complications and a low rate of long-term success. We report 2 cases in which thrombo-occlusive saphenous vein graft disease was treated with the aid of abciximab during the intervention and ...
Lumsden A B - - 1996
Harvest of the saphenous vein is a commonly performed procedure in cardiovascular surgery. The incision required for its removal is the longest used anywhere. In this report, the authors describe a minimally invasive technique for removal of the vein. This has been used in 30 patients undergoing peripheral arterial bypass ...
Schanzer H - - 1996
A 35-year-old patient, physically very active, developed symptoms and signs of postphlebitic venous obstruction in the right lower extremity that was complicated by deep venous thrombosis, while recovering from a motorcycle accident. Duplex and venography demonstrated occlusion of the right superficial femoral vein and right external iliac vein. Strain-gauge plethysmography ...
Szentiványi M M - - 1996
The vascular effects of somatostatin (ST) and its mechanism of action are not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the direct effects of ST on the vascular tone of rat saphenous artery and vein using videomicroangiometry in situ. ST was administered either in superfusion or in infusion. We ...
Berglund H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty exists regarding the effects of nitroglycerin on atherosclerotic segments of coronary arteries, and information on vasoreactivity of saphenous vein bypass grafts is sparse. Intravascular ultrasound enables identification of atherosclerosis in angiographically normal segments and allows continuous determination of alterations in cross-sectional lumen areas. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with ...
Lespérance J - - 1996
The accepted value for reproducibility (true change) is two standard deviations (SD) of the differences between repeat measurements. It has been well established for coronary artery measurements using several different quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) systems, but it has not been well documented for saphenous vein grafts (SVG). The purpose of ...
Garrett H E - - 1996
A 42-year-old man had extensive occlusive disease of the coronary artery and angina pectoris. An autogenous saphenous vein bypass from the ascending aorta to the anterior descending coronary artery was performed on Nov 23, 1964. The patient suffered an asymptomatic anterior myocardial infarction during operation but made an uncomplicated recovery. ...
Venance S L - - 1996
Smooth muscle contraction bands (SMCBs) have been described in the gastrointestinal tract, subsequent to acute ischemia, and in the coronary arteries of animals and individuals with a sudden death; in these circumstances SMCBs have been postulated to serve as a premortem marker, and suggested as diagnostically useful. The present investigation ...
Cusimano R J RJ Division of Candiovascular Surgery, Toronto Hospital, - - 1996
To determine if saphenous vein required for coronary bypass could be quickly, easily and safely removed with a minimally invasive technique. A consecutive series. A university centre. In cadavers, a standard mediastinoscope was used to remove segments of the greater saphenous vein. Thigh segments, superior leg segments and ankle segments ...
Rosenthal D - - 1996
In an attempt to obviate the need for an incision the length of the leg during in situ saphenous vein bypass, a minimally invasive operation using 'laparoscopic techniques' was developed. At operation, standard incisions were made over the proximal femoral artery/vein and the saphenous vein at the distal popliteal artery ...
Kalinga M J - - 1996
We report an unusual case of a popliteal aneurysm complicating a distal femoral osteochondroma caused by the repeated massages of a traditional medicine practitioner (sinseh). Management was by excision of the exostosis and reconstruction of the damaged arterial segment by a reversed long saphenous vein graft. We advice against massage ...
John L C - - 1996
Bleeding may occur at the proximal anastomosis of an aortocoronary bypass graft due to the aortotomy being larger than the vein graft diameter. This results in the wall of the vein being under tension, so that the anastomotic suture or further stitches may cut through. A partial thickness suture placed ...
Simonich M P - - 1996
The foot of a 6-year-old child was revascularized successfully following an avulsion and partial amputation through the tibiotalar joint. Partial degloving had disrupted the anterior and posterior tibial arteries with resultant ischemia. We excised the entire damaged segment of the posterior tibial artery and performed a reverse saphenous vein graft, ...
Tong Y - - 1996
Recurrent venous reflux in the popliteal fossa of patients with recurrent varicose veins following short saphenous vein surgery was assessed in 70 limbs using a duplex scanner. Incompetence of the short saphenous vein was found to be the main source (61%) of venous reflux in the popliteal fossa (43/70). The ...
Mangialardi N - - 1996
A case of cystic degeneration of the popliteal artery in a 58-year-old male is reported. Symptoms consisted of a claudication of abrupt onset and the correct diagnostic clue was initially given by magnetic resonance of the knee and confirmed by angiography. Treatment consisted of surgical removal of the cyst and ...
Dahm P L - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has a wide range of vascular effects mediated via specific receptors and it has been suggested to be a mediator in ischemic heart disease. The aim of the present study was to localise the 5-HT receptors within the vessel wall. METHODS: Epicardial coronary arteries obtained from patients ...
Mureebe L - - 1996
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed orthopedic procedure. The incidence of vascular complications after TKA is low. However, these complications may be debilitating, limb-threatening, and potentially avoidable. Our first patient, who had no preexisting vascular occlusive disease, developed an ischemic extremity after TKA. The second patient underwent TKA ...
Aronow H - - 1996
A 55-year-old woman presented with profound congestive heart failure 23 years following mediastinal radiation. Ejection fraction (EF) was 35%. Symptoms markedly improved and EF increased to > 55% following saphenous vein bypass for > or = 80% ostial left main stenosis. Radiation therapy, a known risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis, ...
Degner D A - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to identify the angiosome of the medial saphenous artery and vein and to evaluate the use of this cutaneous angiosome as a free skin flap in the dog. In phase 1 of this study, selective angiography of the medial saphenous artery performed in six ...
Hicks R C - - 1996
Normal plasma fibrinogen concentrations are critical to haemostasis. Higher fibrinogen concentrations are associated with increasing risk of atherosclerotic disease and with graft stenosis and occlusion after saphenous vein bypass surgery. Vein graft stenosis is characterized by the localized proliferation of intimal smooth muscle cells, causing narrowing of the graft with ...
Sakakibara N - - 1996
We report a 32-year-old female patient with antiphospholipid syndrome including severe coronary artery disease and multiple arterial and venous thrombosis. The patient had occlusion of the right internal thoracic artery, diffuse stenosis of the left internal thoracic artery, and occlusion of the left saphenous vein. The patient underwent successful coronary ...
Licht P - - 1996
Various alternative conduits for aortocoronary bypass grafting have been suggested when the saphenous vein quality is inadequate. During a 10-year period we have used the cephalic vein in 39 patients. Eighteen entered an angiographic follow-up study. A total of 31 arm vein grafts were used with 43 distal anastomoses. When ...
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