Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2135
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Desai Saral - - 2010
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of death seen largely in young women, with many cases occurring in the early postpartum period. Nine cases with this condition were examined from our histopathology records comprising 6 women and 3 men with an age range of 26 to 47 years. ...
Willson Thomas D - - 2010
Endofibrosis of the external iliac artery is an uncommon disease affecting primarily young, otherwise healthy, endurance athletes. Thigh pain during maximal exercise with quick resolution postexercise is characteristic of the so-called cyclist's iliac syndrome. We report an unusual case in which the typical endofibrotic plaque was accompanied by dissection of ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2010
Young athletes with unknown moderate enlargement of the ascending aorta are prone to aortic dissection during exertion. This dissection is linked to transient, severe hypertension during intense athletic effort. Promising young athletes are dying from this phenomenon. For this reason, the author suggests routine echocardiographic examination of young athletes.
Elefteriades John A - - 2010
Failure to diagnose thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection in patients may result in adverse legal implications for physicians. The difficulty in diagnosing the condition is well documented because of its relatively rare occurrence and its myriad manifestations; therefore it is unfair to expect physicians to recognize the symptoms and diagnose ...
Dahm Johannes B - - 2010
Before ten years, radial artery was discovered as a useful vascular access site for percutaneous coronary procedures. It has the advantage of reduced access site complications but is associated with specific technical challenges in comparison with the transfemoral approach. Although earlier data from a meta-analysis indicated higher procedure failure rates ...
Valsecchi Orazio - - 2010
Right transradial approach (TRA) for cardiovascular procedures is becoming common practice, but angiography and PCI of left mammary artery by-pass graft (LIMA) via the right radial artery is still technically challenging. Aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility to put a stable catheter in left mammary from right ...
Estrera Anthony L - - 2010
Acute aortic dissection remains the most common of all aortic catastrophes and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Urgent surgical intervention should be considered in all patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Immediate repair is performed for those who are hypotensive due to rupture and tamponade and who ...
Forouzannia Seyed Khalil - - 2010
Mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta is rare in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and usually caused by staphylococcus aureus. We describe a patient with a mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta at the proximal vein graft anastomosis site after CABG. Culture from the sinus tract of the ...
García-Romo Eduardo - - 2010
Few studies have investigated fever secondary to underlying acute aortic dissection. A retrospective analysis of 59 patients was carried out. Diagnostic criteria for fever secondary to underlying aortic dissection were defined. Five patients had a clinical presentation consistent with inflammatory fever due to acute aortic dissection. The main features were: ...
Rosskopf Andrea B - - 2010
Acute type A aortic dissection is a serious emergency with a mortality rate of up to 40% within the first 24 h when left untreated. Surgical therapy needs to be initiated promptly. Due to this urgent situation, preoperative evaluation of the coronary arteries is not routinely performed in these patients. ...
Zhao Ying - - 2010
A 49-year-old lady, known to have Eisenmenger PDA, careful transthoracic echocardiogram, showed clear evidence for pulmonary trunk dissection with a flap across the pulmonary trunk and this finding was confirmed by a CT scan.
Park Seung-Jung - - 2010
Hemodynamically significant left main coronary artery stenosis (LMCA) is found in around 4% of diagnostic coronary angiograms and is known as unprotected LMCA stenosis if the left coronary artery and left circumflex artery has no previous patent grafts. Previous randomized studies have demonstrated a significant reduction in mortality when revascularization ...
Pleskacova Jana - - 2010
Aortic dissection occurs in Turner syndrome with substantially higher frequency in comparison to the general population, and its prevention is one of the main aims of cardiologic follow-up. Findings of cystic medial necrosis in the aortic wall and a high prevalence of aortic dilation suggest that a form of aortopathy ...
Scohy Thierry V - - 2010
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the fastest method for diagnosing aortic dissection type A and allows 3D TEE, even in hemodynamically instable patients. 3D TEE may provide additional information on aortic morphology, the involvement of coronary arteries by the dissection and aortic valve function. In this regard 2D and 3D TEE ...
Sung Pi-Shan - - 2010
A 77-year-old female suddenly became comatose. Examination at the emergency room revealed stable vital signs and bilateral positive plantar reflexes but absent brainstem reflexes. Basilar artery occlusion was initially diagnosed and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator was administered. However, her blood pressure dropped after thrombolysis. A chest CT scan showed aortic ...
Karthikesalingam A - - 2010
Aortic dissection represents the most common aortic emergency, affecting 3 to 4 per 100,000 people per year and is still associated with a high mortality. Twenty percent of the patients with aortic dissection die before reaching hospital and 30% die during hospital admission. Aortic dissections may be classified in 3 ...
Russo Alessandro - - 2010
We describe an unusual case of Lactobacillus casei bacteraemia in a heavy dairy consumer woman, with a one month history of low grade fever and admitted to our hospital for sudden onset of severe thoracic pain due to dissection of the aortic arch and ascending aorta. The patient underwent four ...
Niranjan Ashutosh - - 2010
Deep vein thrombosis is a common and serious medical condition, which frequently complicates the postoperative recovery of surgical patients with recognised/unrecognised risk factors. The pathophysiology of formation of blood clots in veins of lower extremities has now come in light after development of newer investigations. Newer imaging techniques allow the ...
Singh Avneet - - 2010
Aortic dissection is a rare, potentially catastrophic vascular emergency. Early recognition of the clinical manifestations, rapid confirmation using imaging modalities, urgent administration of appropriate medication and expedient selection of definitive long-term therapy are key to preserving life and reducing morbidity. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that there ...
Piffaretti Gabriele - - 2010
Endovascular intervention has emerged as a less traumatic alternative treatment for several diseases of the thoracic aorta.(1,2) However, depending on the different aortic pathologies, procedure related complications have become increasingly evident: severe complications include type I endoleaks, migration, and endograft (EG) collapse, as well as those observed during conventional surgery ...
Han I B - - 2010
We report a case of brain stem infarction. The case is interesting for simultaneous occurrence of basilar artery (BA) occlusion caused by BA dissection and left internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection after a minor cervical trauma. Stents were implanted at the ICA dissection, and BA occlusion was treated conservatively.
Strenja-Linić Ines - - 2010
Carotid artery stenosis (CAS) is one of the major complications of external irradiation (radiotherapy, RT) for laryngeal carcinoma. Considering amaurosis fugax is often one of the first signs of significant CAS our focus was to determine weather patients with post-irradiation CAS also develop ocular microangiopathy as a result of insufficient ...
Taha Mahmoud M MM Department of Neurosurgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. - - 2010
Management of Vertebral Artery (VA) dissections remains controversial. The clinical and angiographic variables of VA dissections were evaluated to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of endovascular intervention in treatment of VA dissecting aneurysms. 25 patients with 27 VAdissecting aneurysms were treated with endovascular intervention during the last 10 years.17 patients ...
Hwang Ho Young - - 2010
We reviewed our experience of intraoperative type A aortic dissection during cardiovascular surgery. From January 1998 to May 2009, intraoperative aortic dissection occurred in 10 of 3421 cardiac surgical patients (M:F=4:6, 62.4+/-8.0 years). Preoperative diagnoses were valvular heart disease (n=6), ischemic heart disease (n=2), combined disease (n=1) and aortic aneurysm ...
Zhou Zhiming - - 2010
A 49-year-old female presented with recurrent intolerable right retro-orbital pain, ptosis and diplopia for 4 months. Neurological evaluation revealed right oculomotor nerve and abducent nerve injuries. Neuroimaging found enlarged right cavernous sinus, right intracavernous carotid dissection aneurysm and a stenosis proximal to it. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) was suggested and treated with ...
She W H - - 2010
Retrograde Type A aortic dissection following successful endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic disease is not uncommon. We report a case where the primary pathology was distal aortic arch aneurysm without dissection, and the retrograde type A dissection occurred four months after successful hybrid endovascular management with right to left carotid ...
Lin Moubin - - 2010
Lateral ligament of the rectum has suffered many diverse descriptions in its existence and composition. This study was undertaken to define the anatomy, nature, content of the lateral ligament of the rectum, and its role in total mesorectal excision. Cadaver dissections were performed on 32 formalin-preserved cadavers. Bilateral lateral ligament ...
McMahon Michelle A - - 2010
Aortic dissection is the most common acute emergency condition of the aorta and often has a fatal outcome. Outcome is determined by the type and extent of dissection and the presence of associated complications (eg, cerebral sequelae, aortic branch involvement, pericardial involvement, and visceral involvement), with early diagnosis and treatment ...
Sallustio Fabrizio - - 2010
We show magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography-angiography, and ultrasound images of internal carotid artery dissection in a patient with acute ischemic stroke. Arterial changes occurring during the first few days were detected by serial ultrasound examinations. Neurologic and functional outcome are provided and therapeutic options discussed.
Pikija Slaven - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Aortic dissection is frequently associated with ischemic stroke; however, a high clinical suspicion is necessary when the presentation is atypical. CASE REPORT: We present the atypical clinical picture of De Bakey type I (Stanford A) aortic dissection which presented as crossed hemiparesis in a 52-year-old previously healthy woman. CONCLUSION: ...
Totsugawa Toshinori - - 2010
A 65-year-old man presenting with visceral malperfusion complicating acute type A aortic dissection underwent emergent surgery. Bypass grafting from the right common iliac artery to the superior mesenteric artery was performed prior to central aortic repair because intestinal ischemia caused hemodynamic instability. Subsequently, the ascending aorta was replaced with a ...
Radvany Martin G - - 2010
The diagnosis and treatment of traumatic vascular injuries continues to improve as new tools and techniques are developed. In addition to locoregional hemorrhagic complications, injuries to blood vessels in the neck and face can result in ischemic injuries to the brain and cervical spinal cord. Surgical access to these lesions ...
Isildak Huseyin - - 2010
Dissection of the carotid artery can occur intracranially or extracranially, although dissections tend to affect extracranial segments of the arteries much more commonly than intracranial segments. Carotid artery dissection (CAD) is most common in middle-aged women. Although not completely known, the main risk factors related to carotid artery dissection are ...
Lim S M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dissecting aneurysms of the distal segment of the PICA are rare. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentations, imaging features, treatment options, and clinical outcomes of dissecting PICA aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients with dissecting aneurysms in the distal segments of PICA ...
Pocar Marco - - 2010
Emergency repair has been successfully performed in acute type A aortic dissection complicated by cerebral malperfusion. Despite the lack of criteria to define irreversible brain damage, immediate surgery is often denied in case of stroke or coma. We report two patients presenting with coma and altered brainstem reflexes shortly after ...
Parsa Cyrus J - - 2010
Acute Type A dissection is a surgical emergency. The presence of visceral and extremity malperfusion syndromes increases perioperative mortality twofold. On occasion, significant malperfusion may best be addressed in a staged fashion with preliminary attention to specific vascular beds with delayed repair of the dissection itself. We present a subacute ...
Takahashi Yosuke - - 2010
A 64-year-old woman was complicated with acute type A dissection arising from the left main trunk during percutaneous coronary angiography. As the extent of dissection was localized in the ascending aorta, a bare-metal stent was inserted into the left main trunk to cover the entry of dissection. Two days after ...
Woo Y Joseph - - 2010
Without emergency surgical management, acute type A aortic dissection carries a high risk of death. Controversy exists as to whether extreme age remains a contraindication to surgery. We describe successful repair of type A aortic dissection with ascending aortic graft replacement, aortic valve repair, hemiarch reconstruction, and ablation of atrial ...
Brautbar Ariel - - 2010
Aortic aneurysm and dissection cause significant morbidity and mortality. There are several known single gene disorders that predispose to isolated aortic disease and eventually aneurysm and dissection. FBN1 mutations are associated with multiple clinical phenotypes, including Marfan syndrome (MFS), MASS phenotype, and familial ectopia lentis, but rarely with isolated aortic ...
Sharif Muhammad - - 2010
Although patho-physiology of spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (sICAD) is largely unknown, an association with migraine has been suggested but not proven. Migraine is a condition which is worth considering while one is hunting a possible cause for internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) and it may be found more often ...
Ham Sarah - - 2010
Aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition with a 50% mortality rate in the first 48 hours and a 3-month mortality rate of 90% in untreated patients. Aortic dissection is a rare complication of pregnancy, but there is significant morbidity and mortality for the mother and infant. A 43-year-old woman with ...
Lee Ying-Ying - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To describe the clinical characteristics and imaging findings of craniocervical dissection in childhood ischemic stroke, in a tertiary medical center. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated children (aged 1 month to 18 years) with symptoms and radiographic confirmation of ischemic stroke from January 1996 to January 2007. Stroke ...
Papagiannaki C - - 2011
SUMMARY: We present a unique case of multiple sCADs occurring after a ruptured intracranial aneurysm embolization. We discuss the impact of head extension during embolization as the prevailing factor in multiple artery dissections in this case and point out another cause of new-onset neurologic deficit in patients with aneurysmal SAH.
Ozaki Nobuchika - - 2010
Three patients had severe abdominal pain of sudden onset. Computed tomography showed localized dissection in the superior mesenteric artery in two patients and in the celiac artery in one. With conservative therapy abdominal symptoms were self-remitted. All patients were successfully treated with medication and have been doing well during follow-up.
Stout Christopher L - - 2010
We present our experience with an acute Stanford type B aortic dissection in a 25-year-old, 26-week gravid patient without a known connective tissue disorder and discuss a literature-based treatment strategy. After failed conservative treatment manifest by aneurysm rupture, emergency cesarean section delivery and immediate repair of her thoracic aorta was ...
Shoĭkhet Ya N - - 2010
The present study enrolling a total of eighty-eight 4-to-16-year-old children and adolescents was aimed at detailed elaboration and formalization of clinical signs of the internal carotid artery pathological kinking syndrome. To achieve these objectives, the authors carried out a comparative analysis of clinical manifestations of the disease in the surgically ...
Karakama Jun - - 2010
A 51-year-old man presented with an extremely rare case of intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by rupture of an anterior spinal artery aneurysm manifesting as disturbance of consciousness following sudden onset of neck pain and numbness of the extremities. Cranial computed tomography revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage, mainly in the posterior fossa. Cerebral ...
Testai Fernando D - - 2010
Brain-supplying arterial dissection is considered one of the most common vascular causes of stroke in younger patients. Dissections are usually preceded by trauma or mechanical stress; the vascular stressor may be trivial as this condition has been described in association with manipulation and stretching the neck. Here we describe a ...
Hauser Vital - - 2010
The objective of our study was to estimate the incidence of posttraumatic dissections of cervical arteries in patients with whiplash injury acquired in a car accident. We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records of 500 patients with whiplash injury acquired in car accidents between 1996 and 2005 and searched ...
Suliman Amna - - 2010
Acute type A aortic dissection can be complicated by visceral malperfusion and is associated with a significant surgical morbidity and mortality. We describe a case of successful management of a complex acute type A dissection with mesenteric and lower limb ischemia treated with endovascular thoracic stenting and femoro-femoral crossover bypass ...
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