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Ploeg M M Utrecht, - - 2014
Aortic rupture in horses is a rare condition. Although it is relatively common in the Friesian breed, only limited histopathologic information is available. Twenty Friesian horses (1-10 years old) were diagnosed with aortic rupture by postmortem examination. Ruptured aortic walls were analyzed with histology and immunohistochemistry. Based on the histologic ...
Savall Frédéric F Service de Médecine Légale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rangueil, Avenue du Professeur Jean Poulhès, 31059, Toulouse Cedex 9, - - 2014
A 58-year-old man died suddenly in Madagascar and poisoning was suspected. The body was embalmed after death and the general state of preservation was good. We found a major aortic dissection with a large false lumen from the aortic root to the common iliac arteries and a hemopericardium with formalinized ...
Shalhub Sherene S Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. Electronic address: - - 2014
The management of arterial pathology in individuals with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) remains a challenge. Here we describe the correlation between COL3A1 gene mutation type and the clinical phenotype in individuals with vEDS. Individuals with confirmed molecular diagnoses of vEDS were enrolled in a multi-institutional natural history study. Data collected ...
Pillai Anil Kumar AK Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA, - - 2014
Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is an uncommon, nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory, large- to medium-sized arteriopathy first described in 1976. It is characterized histologically by vacuolization and lysis of the outer arterial media leading to dissecting aneurysms and vessel rupture presenting clinically with self-limiting abdominal pain or catastrophic hemorrhages in the abdomen. Patients ...
Wang Ruoya R George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
Unique anatomic locations and physiologic functions predispose different arteries to varying mechanical responses and pathologies. However, the underlying causes of these mechanical differences are not well understood. The objective of this study was to first identify structural differences in the arterial matrix that would account for the mechanical differences between ...
Pang Lulu L Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Collagen accumulation is one of the important pathologic changes in the development of pulmonary hypertension. Previous research showed that adrenomedullin (ADM) mitigates the development of pulmonary hypertension. The present study explored the role of ADM in the development of pulmonary artery collagen accumulation induced by high pulmonary blood flow, by ...
Boronyak Steven M SM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Percutaneous approaches to mitral valve repair are an attractive alternative to surgical repair or replacement. Radiofrequency ablation has the potential to approximate surgical leaflet resection by using resistive heating to reduce leaflet size, and cryogenic temperatures on a percutaneous catheter can potentially be used to reversibly adhere to moving mitral ...
Banerjee Tanima T Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata, WB, - - 2014
Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD), a chronic acquired heart disorder results from Acute Rheumatic Fever. It is a major public health concern in developing countries. In RHD, mostly the valves get affected. The present study investigated whether extracellular matrix remodelling in rheumatic valve leads to altered levels of collagen metabolism markers ...
Fleenor Bradley S BS Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO; Kinesiology and Health Promotion, and Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that superoxide signaling within aortic perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) contributes to large elastic artery stiffening in old mice. Young (4-6 mo), old (26-28 mo), and old treated with TEMPOL, a superoxide scavenger (1mM in drinking water for 3 weeks), male C57BL6/N mice were studied. Compared with ...
Hams Emily E Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, - - 2013
Disease conditions associated with pulmonary fibrosis are progressive and have a poor long-term prognosis with irreversible changes in airway architecture leading to marked morbidity and mortalities. Using murine models we demonstrate a role for interleukin (IL)-25 in the generation of pulmonary fibrosis. Mechanistically, we identify IL-13 release from type 2 ...
Bartoli Carlo R CR Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; MD/PhD Program, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Ky. Electronic address: - - 2013
Less invasive circulatory support devices have been developed that require anastomosis to a peripheral artery. The Symphony Heart Assist System (Abiomed, Inc, Danvers, Mass) is a volume-displacement pump sewn to the subclavian artery to provide partial circulatory support. The surgical configuration produces nonphysiologic blood pressure and bidirectional flow in the ...
Balakhovsky K K Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - I.I.T., - - 2013
Growth and rupture of aneurysms are driven by micro-structural alterations of the arterial wall yet precise mechanisms underlying the process remain to be uncovered. In the present work we examine a scenario when the aneurysm evolution is dominated by turnover of collagen fibers. In the latter case it is natural ...
Borges Luciano Figueiredo LF Department of Morphology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, - - 2013
In ascending aorta aneurysms (AscAA) the whole vessel wall dilates, while in aortic dissections (AD) the wall cleaves into two sheets. Both may present fine elastic fragmentation and a decrease in collagen. We analyzed whether alterations in the three-dimensional structure of these fibers could be involved in the pathogenesis of ...
Asanome Akira - - 2013
An immature vasa vasorum in the adventitia of arteries has been implicated in induction of the formation of unstable atherosclerotic plaques. Normalization/maturation of the vasa vasorum may be an attractive therapeutic approach for arteriosclerotic diseases. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a pleotropic molecule with angiogenic activity in addition to neural ...
Biasin Valentina - - 2013
Vascular remodeling is a hallmark of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and is characterized by enhanced proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). Accumulating evidence indicates a crucial role of transcription factors in vascular remodeling processes. Here, we characterize the involvement of meprin β, a novel activator protein-1 (AP-1) effector molecule, in PH. Fra-2 ...
Gundiah Namrata - - 2013
We use enzymatic manipulation methods to investigate the individual and combined roles of elastin and collagen on arterial mechanics. Porcine aortic tissues were treated for differing amounts of time using enzymes elastase and collagenase to cause degradation in substrate proteins elastin and collagen and obtain variable tissue architecture. We use ...
Takeuchi Mikinobu - - 2013
The clinical morphology of a filum terminale arteriovenous fistula (f-AVF) is well known; however, pathological details of the fistulized portion are unknown. Herein, we report the pathological findings of the f-AVF. Case report and literature review. To present a detailed pathological examination of the fistulized portion of the f-AVF. A ...
de Brot Simone - - 2013
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare pulmonary disorder characterized by the accumulation of calcium phosphate microliths within the alveoli, with only a few cases described in animals. A 10-year-old female Bulldog was euthanized due to history of dyspnea and recurrent pleural and pericardial effusions. At necropsy, numerous multifocal to ...
Wisler James W - - 2013
A traditional perspective of arterial thrombosis begins with vessel wall injury and exposure of subendothelial proteins, including collagen and tissue factor, to circulating cellular and non-cellular components. Adhesion and activation of platelets, mediated by their interaction with von Willebrand protein and collagen, respectively, coupled with tissue factor-mediated activation of coagulation ...
Tsamis Alkiviadis - - 2013
It was recently demonstrated by our group that the delamination strength of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) was lower than that of control (CTRL, non-aneurysmal) ascending thoracic aorta (ATA), and the reduced strength was more pronounced among bicuspid (BAV) vs. tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients, suggesting a different risk of ...
Eckhouse Shaina R SR Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery (S.R.E., C.B.L., J.M.O., R.K.P., A.D.R., R.E.S., R.M., J.S.I., J.A.J.) and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine (W.B.W.), Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC; Research Service, Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC (J.A.J.); and Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, and Wm. Jennings Bryan Dorn Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Columbia, SC - - 2013
Thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) develop secondary to abnormal aortic extracellular matrix remodeling, resulting in a weakened and dilated aortic wall that progressed to rupture if left unattended. Currently, no diagnostic/prognostic tests are available for the detection of TAA disease. This is largely driven by the lack of a large animal ...
Polzer Stanislav - - 2013
Arterial physiology relies on a delicate three-dimensional (3D) organization of cells and extracellular matrix, which is remarkably altered by vascular diseases like abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The ability to explore the micro-histology of the aorta wall is important in the study of vascular pathologies and in the development of vascular ...
Pichamuthu Joseph E JE Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Center for Vascular Remodeling and Regeneration, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA) predisposes patients to aortic dissection and has been associated with diminished tensile strength and disruption of collagen. Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms arising in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) develop earlier than in those with tricuspid aortic valves (TAV) and have a different risk of ...
Luan Yun - - 2013
Our previous studies have shown that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can inhibit the progression of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) in the monocrotaline (MCT) model in the short term. The aim of this study was to further investigate the long-term effect of BMSCs on PAH and to explore the ...
Deatrick Kristopher B - - 2013
Post thrombotic syndrome therapy is primarily palliative, and the associated vein wall inflammatory mechanisms are unclear. Vein wall fibrotic injury following deep venous thrombosis (VT) is associated with elevated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Whether and by what mechanism MMP9 directly contributes to vein wall remodeling after VT is unknown. WT and ...
Stephen Elizabeth A - - 2013
Like engineered materials, an artery's biomechanical behavior and function depend on its microstructure. Glycation is associated with both normal aging and diabetes and has been shown to increase arterial stiffness. In this study we examined the direct effect of glycation on the mechanical response of intact arteries and on the ...
Lisy Milan - - 2013
The use of glues to repair disrupted tissue during acute type-A aortic dissection (TAD) surgery may be discontinuous, and cause embolization and cell necrosis. We report a method of fibrin sealant patch (FSP) to reinforce dissected aortic tissue with a collagen double layer coated with fibrinogen/thrombin on either side (TachoSil®; ...
Snorradottir Asbjorg Osk - - 2013
Hereditary Cystatin C Amyloid Angiopathy (HCCAA) is a rare genetic disease in Icelandic families caused by a mutation in the cystatin C gene, CST3. HCCAA is classified as a cerebral amyloid angiopathy and mutant cystatin C forms amyloid deposits in cerebral arteries resulting in fatal haemorrhagic strokes in young adults. ...
Jiu-Sheng Ren - - 2013
Growth, residual stresses and mechanical responses of arterial walls under the inner pressure are investigated within the framework of a finite deformation hyper-elasticity theory. A biomechanical model for a two-layer thick-walled circular cylindrical tube is proposed to address the mechanical effects of finite volumetric growth and residual stresses of arterial ...
Soares A L F - - 2013
Mathematical models can provide valuable information to assess and evaluate the mechanical behavior and remodeling of native tissue. A relevant example when studying collagen remodeling is the Ross procedure because it involves placing the pulmonary autograft in the more demanding aortic valve mechanical environment. The objective of this study was ...
Davidson Laura J - - 2013
Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the CardioDex arterial closure device, which is a novel femoral artery closure device used following percutaneous cardiac catheterization. Background: Current devices utilized to achieve hemostasis of the femoral artery following percutaneous cardiac catheterization include collagen plug and suture ...
Dutta Debaditya - - 2013
Mechanical strength is a key design factor in tissue engineering of arteries. Most existing techniques assess the mechanical property of arterial constructs destructively, leading to sacrifice of a large number of animals. We propose an ultrasound-based non-invasive technique for the assessment of the mechanical strength of engineered arterial constructs. Tubular ...
Abi Rafeh Nidal - - 2013
Off-label "double-wire" technique for closure of large-bore vascular access has been reported in the setting of percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty. We present 5 cases of high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (HRPCI) supported by a 2.5 LP Impella assist device with 13 and 14 Fr size femoral access. Following successful HRPCI, vessel closure ...
Kallappa Parameshwarappa Shashidhar - - 2013
A 35-year-old male fisherman was admitted with complaints of increasing back pain and abdominal discomfort of 1-year duration. Physical examination revealed a prominently visible, expansile, pulsatile, well-defined, nontender abdominal mass in the epigastric, umbilical and both lumbar areas. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography revealed a large juxtarenal aortic aneurysm with a ...
Her Ae Young - - 2013
The presence of uncovered struts overlying side branch is considered to be a potential risk of stent thrombosis. The accuracy in detection of neointimal strut coverage at branch point by optical coherence tomography (OCT) has not been validated in comparison with histology. A total of 5 stents (3 drug-eluting stents ...
Ardelt M - - 2013
We report the case of a 39-year-old woman with ileus resulting from a small bowel incarceration underneath the right common iliac artery. The patient had a history of a radical trachelectomy with laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy ("Dargent's operation") for cervical carcinoma. After dissection of the iliac vessels, a small bowel loop ...
Eyster Kathleen M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the in vivo effects of estradiol treatment on arterial gene expression in atherosclerotic postmenopausal female monkeys. METHODS: Eight ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys were fed atherogenic diets for 6.5 years. The left iliac artery was biopsied before randomization to the estradiol group (human equivalent dose of ...
Phillippi Julie A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Patients with bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) are predisposed to developing ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) at an earlier age than patients who develop degenerative TAAs and have a tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). The hypothesis tested is that BAV associated aortopathy is mediated by a mechanism of matrix remodeling that ...
Bakuy Vedat - - 2013
Decreased collagen biosynthesis and increased collagenolysis may induce aneurysmal progress in arterial walls. Prolidase plays a role in collagen synthesis. In this study, we sought to evaluate whether there is a correlation between nonatherosclerotic coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) and prolidase activity. A total of 174 CAAs were diagnosed in 144 ...
Ramesh Balasundari B Frontier Lifeline Pvt. Ltd and Dr K M Cherian Heart Foundation, Mogappair, Chennai, - - 2013
Patients with congenital and acquired heart diseases or arteriopathy require small-diameter vascular grafts for arterial reconstruction. Autologous veins are the most suitable graft, but when absent, an alternative is necessary. This work addresses the issue. Tissue-engineering efforts to create such grafts by modifications of acellular natural scaffolds are considered a ...
Hong F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory peptide LAP on the left common carotid artery remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). METHODS: A cohort of male SHRs were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10 for each group): pseudo-experimental group, enalapril-treated group as a positive control group, ACE-inhibitory ...
Takano Tamaki - - 2013
An 81-year-old woman, who had undergone mitral valve replacement (MVR) with a porcine bioprosthesis after mitral valve repair, presented with hemolysis 4 years and 6 months after MVR. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed trivial mitral regurgitation, which was diagnosed based on the observed perivalvular leakage. Hemolysis gradually increased, and she developed ...
Koskinas Konstantinos C KC Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
The mechanisms promoting the focal formation of rupture-prone coronary plaques in vivo remain incompletely understood. This study tested the hypothesis that coronary regions exposed to low endothelial shear stress (ESS) favor subsequent development of collagen-poor, thin-capped plaques. Coronary angiography and 3-vessel intravascular ultrasound were serially performed at 5 consecutive time ...
Avril Stephane - - 2013
It is known that arteries experience significant axial stretches in vivo. Several authors have shown that the axial force needed to maintain an artery at its in vivo axial stretch does not change with transient cyclical pressurization over normal ranges. However, the axial force phenomenon of arteries has never been ...
Sophonsritsuk Areepan A Section on Comparative Medicine, Department of Pathology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1040, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of estrogen therapy (ET) on carotid artery inflammation when initiated early and late relative to surgical menopause. Female cynomolgus macaques consuming atherogenic diets were ovariectomized and randomized to control or oral estradiol (E2; human equivalent dose of 1 mg/d micronized ...
Sheridan William Stephen - - 2013
Decellularized arterial scaffolds have achieved success in advancing towards clinical use as vascular grafts. However, concerns remain regarding long term preservation and sterilisation of these scaffolds. Freeze-drying offers a means of overcoming these concerns. In this study, we investigated the effects of various freeze-drying protocols on decellularized porcine carotid arteries ...
Dodson R Blair - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia often results in altered hemodynamics and structurally remodeled umbilical arteries in the fetus - alterations that may be associated with arterial stiffening. We therefore hypothesized that the mechanical function of preeclamptic (PE) umbilical arteries had increased stiffness compared to control. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical arteries were collected from control ...
Rafeh Nidal Abi - - 2013
A 75-year-old woman with past medical history of coronary bypass, atrial fibrillation, mitral valve repair undergoes percutaneous coronary intervention of left circumflex artery with a drug eluting stent. An Angio-Seal vascular closure device was used post procedure to obtain hemostasis. Shortly after deployment, frank bleeding was observed necessitating manual compression ...
Dupuis Loren - - 2013
Bicuspid or bifoliate aortic valve (BAV) results in two rather than three cusps and occurs in 1-2% of the population placing them at higher risk of developing progressive aortic valve disease. Only NOTCH-1 has been linked to human BAV, and genetically modified mouse models of BAV are limited by low ...
Basu Ratnadeep - - 2013
AIMS: Hypertension is accompanied by structural remodeling of vascular extracellular matrix. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) inhibit matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrade the matrix structural proteins. In response to a hypertensive stimulus, the balance between MMPs and TIMPs is altered. We examined the role of TIMPs in agonist-induced hypertension.Methods and ...
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