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Results 401 - 450 of 1302
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Borer Drake S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In patients with pelvic or acetabular fractures, to compare the prevalence of pulmonary embolism in a time period without screening for deep vein thrombosis to that seen when a screening protocol was in place. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: County hospital. PATIENTS: All patients with closed fractures of the pelvis or ...
Baker William F WF - - 2005
Thrombolytic therapy is an essential tool in the array of therapies designed to reopen arteries and veins occluded with thrombus. As the use of thrombolytic agents has entered mainstream practice, their application has expanded to include a wide variety of indications and settings. Thrombolytic agents are used in patients who ...
Markel Arie - - 2005
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a disorder frequently affecting the deep veins of the lower limbs; its onset is induced by known risk factors. The main complications of DVT are pulmonary embolism and postthrombotic syndrome (PST). Clinical pulmonary embolism occurs in a high proportion of cases of untreated proximal DVT ...
Lockhart Mark E - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of venous flow augmentation with duplex sonography in the evaluation of deep venous thrombus of the lower extremities. The augmentation component of the lower extremity sonogram rarely provides additional information in the diagnosis of deep venous thrombus. In our large ...
Goodman Lawrence R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare the vascular attenuation achieved with the iso-osmolar dimeric contrast agent iodixanol with that achieved with the nonionic monomeric contrast agent iohexol for computed tomographic (CT) venography after CT pulmonary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained, and 51 consecutive patients ...
Pola Enrico - - 2005
In patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are rare and there is not clear indication as to the necessity of thromboprophylactic treatment in these patients. However, the role of coagulation disorders in thrombotic events following arthroscopy is unknown. We report 2 cases of massive deep ...
Mishra Yugal K - - 2005
: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel disease is an important alternative to conventional myocardial revascularization using cardiopulmonary bypass. The development of exposure and stabilization techniques has made this surgery simple, safe, and routine. Experience with the technique, its evolution, the learning curve, and the pitfalls is presented. : ...
Yun Anthony J - - 2005
Thromboembolism is considered the inciting cause of many vascular disorders including acute coronary syndrome (ACS), ischemic stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and mesenteric ischemia. Adrenergia and inflammation are known to accompany these conditions, particularly among arterial thromboembolic disorders, but the teleologic basis of these associations remains poorly ...
Wee L Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterise arterio-venous anastomoses (AVA) in monochorionic (MC) placentae and determine (i) whether shared cotyledons lie beneath the co-termination of an artery from one twin and a vein to the contralateral twin and (ii) whether all AVA can be detected by visual inspection of the chorionic plate. METHODS: Vascular ...
Vermeer H J - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate if D-Dimer PLUS (Dade Behring, USA), a rapid fully automated assay, could be used as an initial screening test in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Samples from 274 consecutive symptomatic patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (n=229; 79% outpatients, 21% inpatients), deep ...
Cauley Keith - - 2005
Iliac vein compression is invoked as the explanation for deep venous thrombosis occurring more often in the left iliofemoral system than the right. The authors report a previously undescribed variant of iliac compression whereby a left iliac arterial aneurysm caused venous compression and resultant thrombosis. In this case the patient ...
Gormus Niyazi - - 2005
A 20-year-old pregnant woman was admitted to our department with symptoms of deep venous thrombosis in the left lower extremity and excessive lumbar pain. Low-molecular-weight heparin was administered. She recovered with this treatment, however, severe lumbar pain continued. A lumbar magnetic resonance image showed dilated epidural veins compressing the roots ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2005
Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis both account for many deaths in stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the frequency of these events is higher during COPD exacerbations. The morbidity and mortality from deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients with COPD is not surprising given ...
Okuyama Shin - - 2004
A 28-year-old man presented with mental retardation, peculiar facial features, radioulnar synostosis, hypogonadism, aplasia of the right kidney, a moderate degree of proteinuria, and peripheral cyanosis. The activated partial thromboplastin time was shortened, and the level of plasma factor VIII was high. A chromosomal analysis revealed a 49, XXXXY karyotype. ...
Celik H H - - 2004
Multiple variations of the deep artery of arm were observed during routine gross anatomic dissection of the right upper extremity of a 54-year-old male cadaver. In this case study, a double deep artery of arm and the deep artery of arm with the superior ulnar collateral artery were reported. The ...
Brkljacić Boris - - 2004
The diagnoses observed in patients referred for the Doppler ultrasonographic examination of peripheral and iliac veins for suspected deep venous thrombosis (DVT) are presented in this study. During 48 months 2,610 patients were examined by duplex Doppler ultrasonography (US). Among these, 1,879 were women (72%) and 731 men (28%), with ...
Boyd David A - - 2004
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) tops the differential diagnosis list for unilateral lower extremity edema, but another entity could imitate or even cause a DVT. May-Thurner syndrome is caused by compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right iliac artery, resulting in impeded venous blood flow from the ...
Ozgocmen Salih - - 2004
This is an unusual case of pseudothrombophlebitis resulting from rupture of Baker's cyst in a patient with Reiter's syndrome. The patient presented with a swollen, painful left calf and persistent itching on the skin of the calf. Ultrasonography showed a ruptured popliteal cyst with minimal hemorrhage and fluid collection within ...
Lim Kun-Eng - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of indirect mutidetector row computed tomographic (MDCT) venography with lower extremity venous sonography for the diagnosis of femoropopliteal deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and to determine the frequency and location of DVT at MDCT venography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients suspected of having pulmonary embolism ...
Górski G - - 2004
Risk of subsequent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is not fully appreciated. Mechanisms, time relations and risk factors for DVT arising upon earlier SVT remain unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze time relations between local symptoms of lower limb superficial vein thrombosis, duplex ...
How P - - 2004
The public is becoming increasingly aware of the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) due to the so-called 'economy class' syndrome. However, arterial rupture can mimic these symptoms. We report of a misdiagnosis of a ruptured 'fem-pop' vein graft (previously unreported) presenting identically as a DVT. The patient received conventional ...
Fraser Douglas G W - - 2004
Poor iliac vein recanalization has been associated with compression of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery (RCIA/LCIV compression); however, this finding has been difficult to confirm. In a baseline study, RCIA/LCIV compression was detected with magnetic resonance imaging in patients with deep venous thrombosis. We ...
Koliyadan Sreedharan V - - 2004
The surface marking of the deep inguinal ring (DIR) is commonly described as being located at either the middle of the inguinal ligament (MIL) or at the mid-inguinal point (MIP); there seems to be no consensus in previous studies in patients with inguinal hernias. The present study was carried out ...
Betsuyaku Tetsuo - - 2004
A 60-year-old man showed nonsustained repetitive monomorphic VT in the left lateral position, but this was terminated by deep inspiration. Echocardiography and MRI demonstrated a false tendon extending from the apex to the basal septum where the VT could have originated. Spontaneous remission occurred during the 16-year follow-up.
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2004
In the presence of superficial and deep vein insufficiency the effects, if any, of concurrent incompetent perforator veins (IPVs) on clinical status are masked. On the basis of multivariate regression analysis, this study examines the significance of perforator vein incompetence across the clinical classes of CEAP (C-class CEAP ) in ...
Hood Douglas B - - 2004
New developments in the management of both acute and chronic iliac vein occlusive disease offer exciting options for the treatment of this often debilitating condition. Percutaneous clot removal using thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, or a combination of the two is fast becoming the treatment of choice for patients presenting with acute ...
Gore Madhuri - - 2004
Reviparin sodium (clivarine) is a second generation LMWH, developed with the aim of maximising the antithrombotic action while minimising the risk of haemorrhage. Clivarine has been extensively studied in acute coronary syndrome. Various clinical studies in unstable angina and acute coronary syndrome have proved that clivarine in a dosage of ...
Fraser Douglas G W - - 2004
The majority of proximal deep venous thromboses (DVTs) are thought to have propagated as a contiguous column from the calf veins. However, several authors have proposed that ileofemoral DVT commonly originates in the left common iliac vein (LCIV) at a site of compression by the overlying right common iliac artery ...
Fancher Tonya L - - 2004
To summarise the evidence supporting the use of rapid d-dimer testing combined with estimation of clinical probability to exclude the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis among outpatients. Medline (June 1993 to December 2003), the Database of Abstracts and Reviews (DARE), and reference lists of studies in English. We selected 12 ...
Recek C - - 2004
Venous reflux is the most common cause of venous hemodynamic disorders. In this paper 2 issues are discussed: how and where does reflux arise and what are the hemodynamic consequences of retrograde flow. Pressure gradient and incompetent vein connecting both poles of the gradient are the prerequisite for venous reflux ...
Benevenia Joseph - - 2004
The records of 47 consecutive patients with metastatic pathologic fractures of the lower extremity were analyzed with respect to thromboembolic complications. All patients were unable to receive pharmacologic deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis, and were stratified into two groups, based on use of an inferior vena cava filter. Group I (n ...
Augustinos Peter - - 2004
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs in one-quarter of a million individuals annually in the United States and results in significant disability from pulmonary embolism and chronic venous insufficiency, especially when the proximal iliofemoral is involved. Treatment has centered on early institution of adequate anticoagulation to prevent thrombus propagation and embolism, ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2004
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and, therefore, pulmonary embolism (PE) are often preventable. Because of the lack of specificity of symptoms and signs, DVT and PE are frequently clinically unsuspected, leading to substantial diagnostic and therapeutic delays and resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, prophylaxis continues to be dramatically underused. ...
Pearce William H - - 2004
Duplex ultrasound has long been the method of choice in the diagnosis and evaluation of deep venous thrombosis and carotid artery stenosis and in monitoring lower extremity bypasses. In recent years, innovative procedures and technology have fostered new applications for duplex ultrasound, such as detection of in-stent stenosis and endoleaks, ...
Nutescu Edith A - - 2004
Anticoagulation is an essential component of the care of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Traditional anticoagulants for the treatment of VTE include unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), and the oral vitamin K antagonist, warfarin. A variety of anticoagulant agents with improved pharmacologic and clinical profiles are emerging and offer ...
Greenwald Uri - - 2004
A case is reported of a 28-year-old female who initially presented with a right iliac deep venous thrombosis of unclear etiology. A stenosis in the iliac vein was seen, but no intrinsic or extrinsic mass was noted on multiple imaging studies. The patient presented 2 years later with right hydronephrosis, ...
Hall Ian R - - 2004
Transradial cardiac catheterization is an increasingly popular technique mainly because of the low vascular complication rate. We report a case of arm deep vein thrombosis that may be related to a common puncture site hemostasis technique. This complication supports the use of specific unilateral compression hemostatic systems following transradial procedures.
Lord Reginald S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Since graduated compression stockings (GCS) reduce the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in both hospital and ambulant patients, we checked the compressive efficiency of 20-30 mmHg GCS in the standing position. METHODS: In 30 volunteers (17 normal legs, 13 varicose legs), duplex ultrasound was used to measure the ...
Zhou Wei - - 2004
We report a case of radiation-induced venous stenosis after pelvic irradiation to treat Paget's disease of the scrotum. During therapeutic anticoagulation, significant left lower extremity swelling developed due to an iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). After percutaneous thrombectomy and thrombolysis, a high-grade stenosis was uncovered in the left external iliac ...
Omeonu, SO; ;
OBJECTIVE: The importance of early diagnosis and treatment of deep vein thrombosis in patients with fractures of long bones INTRODUCTION: Associated injury to deep-veins in limb fractures presents a serious pathology. It results not only to localized venous occlusion but also to death from pulmonary embolism. Thrombosis of deep-veins occurs ...
Ramzi Dino W - - 2004
Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. About 30 percent of patients with deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism have ...
Riambau Vicente - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual case involving thrombosis in an aortic endograft limb following microwave therapy (MWT) for lumbar pain. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old man had successful repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a Vanguard endograft. He had been free of complications during the 3-year follow-up. Five days after ...
Warkentin T E - - 2004
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is of special interest to vascular surgeons as heparin is the predominant anticoagulant used before, during, and after vascular surgery. Further, the prothrombotic nature of this antibody-mediated disorder leads to a high frequency of limb ischemia due to large arterial occlusion by platelet-rich ("white") clots or because ...
Bulger Christopher M - - 2004
Although the factors leading to venous thrombosis have been known for over a century, Virchow's initial model of thrombosis has been extensively refined. Activated coagulation is now recognized to be of primary importance in venous thrombogenesis; the concept of venous injury has been expanded to include molecular changes in the ...
Mohren Martin - - 2004
Thromboembolic complications following splenectomy for hematologic diseases occur in up to 10% of patients and may range from portal vein thrombosis (PVT) to pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Up to now there exist no recommendations for the duration and intensity of prophylactic anticoagulation, which usually follows local ...
Kibbe Melina R - - 2004
May-Thurner syndrome is a well-recognized anatomic variant that is associated with the development of symptomatic acute venous thrombosis of the left iliac vein. However, the natural frequency of compression of the left iliac vein and its clinical significance in asymptomatic disease has not been established. Therefore the purpose of this ...
Cone Lawrence A - - 2004
An older female underwent bariatric surgery which was followed by a significant weight loss and diarrhea, from which C. difficile was isolated just before her hospitalization. Less than 48 hours after admission, she became febrile, developed deep venous thrombosis of the leg and a pulmonary embolus. Blood cultures grew out ...
Stein Paul D - - 2004
The rates of diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism (PE), and venous thromboembolism (PE and/or deep venous thrombosis) and the mortality rate of PE in hospitalized patients were evaluated in 4 regions of the United States. Data are from the National Hospital Discharge Survey and the United States Bureau ...
Covin R B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Up to 36 percent of blood donors may experience a donation-related complication. Fatigue, bruises, hematomas, and vasovagal reactions comprise the great majority of donor reactions and injuries. Serious complications are rare. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old female taking the third-generation oral contraceptive desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol and ethinyl estradiol (Mircette) developed bruising ...
Stein Paul D - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess the rate of diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and venous thromboembolism; the incidence in hospitalized patients; and mortality from pulmonary embolism among Asians/Pacific Islanders in the United States. METHODS: The number of patients discharged from hospitals with a diagnostic code for pulmonary embolism or deep ...
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