Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1312
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Ritter M A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interaction of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and arterial hypertension as cofactors for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: The authors investigated 129 postmortem brains of hypertensive patients with and without ICH. Sixty-four patients had had deep (n = 40) or lobar (n = 24) ICH. Sixty-five patients without ...
Falcone Marco - - 2005
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a serious illness sometimes causing death due to acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Blood stasis of the pelvic vein is a major etiologic factor for DVT. Occasionally a large myomatous uterus can cause compression of the pelvic venous system leading to DVT. We describe a very ...
Linkins Lori-Ann - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In patients with new symptoms in a leg previously affected by deep vein thrombosis (DVT), the presence of thrombus on ultrasound cannot be assumed to be due to recurrent thrombosis. Several parameters have been suggested to differentiate between acute and chronic thrombus on ultrasound, including measurement of residual vein ...
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2005
PURPOSE: To retrospectively determine the anatomic patterns of reflux of incompetent perforator veins (IPVs) at the sites of their highest prevalence in relation to the anatomic distribution of valvular incompetence in the veins of the calf and thigh, with emphasis on the deep system, across the clinical spectrum of chronic ...
Wang Chin-Fu - - 2005
Childhood septic arthritis is not only an uncommon presentation with polyarticular involvement, but is also rarely complicated with thromboembolism. We report a case of a 10-year-old boy who suffered multiple staphylococcal arthritis, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, pericardial effusion and occlusion of the anterior parietal branch of the right middle ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2005
Duplex ultrasound is the most useful examination for the evaluation of venous valvular incompetence. Multi-frequency 4 to 7-MHz linear array transducers are typically used for this assessment of superficial and deep reflux. The examination is done with the patient standing and manual compression maneuvers are used to initiate reflux. Automatic ...
Cina Alessandro - - 2005
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a pathologic condition caused by valvular incompetence, with or without associated venous outflow obstruction, which may affect both the superficial and the deep venous system, causing venous hypertension and stasis. The most common form of CVI is primary varicose veins due to the insufficiency of ...
Hingorani Anil - - 2005
To elucidate the natural history of upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT), we examined factors that may contribute to the high mortality associated with UEDVT. Five hundred forty-six patients were diagnosed with acute internal jugular/subclavian/axillary deep venous thrombosis from January 1992 to June 2003 by duplex scanning at our institution. ...
Watts A C - - 2005
Despite increasing scientific investigation, the best method for preventing post-operative deep-vein thrombosis remains unclear. In the wake of the publication of the Pulmonary Embolism Prevention trial and the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) on the prevention of thromboembolism, we felt that it was timely to survey current thromboprophylactic practices. Questionnaires ...
Shebel Nancy D ND University of Southern California University Hospital, Center for Vascular Care, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2005
Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) is the most probable cause of iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). One half to two thirds of patients with left-sided iliofemoral DVT have intraluminal webs or spurs from chronic extrinsic compression of the left iliac vein at the crossing point of the right common iliac ...
Borer Drake S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In patients with pelvic or acetabular fractures, to compare the prevalence of pulmonary embolism in a time period without screening for deep vein thrombosis to that seen when a screening protocol was in place. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: County hospital. PATIENTS: All patients with closed fractures of the pelvis or ...
Baker William F WF - - 2005
Thrombolytic therapy is an essential tool in the array of therapies designed to reopen arteries and veins occluded with thrombus. As the use of thrombolytic agents has entered mainstream practice, their application has expanded to include a wide variety of indications and settings. Thrombolytic agents are used in patients who ...
Markel Arie - - 2005
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a disorder frequently affecting the deep veins of the lower limbs; its onset is induced by known risk factors. The main complications of DVT are pulmonary embolism and postthrombotic syndrome (PST). Clinical pulmonary embolism occurs in a high proportion of cases of untreated proximal DVT ...
Lockhart Mark E - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of venous flow augmentation with duplex sonography in the evaluation of deep venous thrombus of the lower extremities. The augmentation component of the lower extremity sonogram rarely provides additional information in the diagnosis of deep venous thrombus. In our large ...
Goodman Lawrence R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare the vascular attenuation achieved with the iso-osmolar dimeric contrast agent iodixanol with that achieved with the nonionic monomeric contrast agent iohexol for computed tomographic (CT) venography after CT pulmonary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained, and 51 consecutive patients ...
Pola Enrico - - 2005
In patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are rare and there is not clear indication as to the necessity of thromboprophylactic treatment in these patients. However, the role of coagulation disorders in thrombotic events following arthroscopy is unknown. We report 2 cases of massive deep ...
Mishra Yugal K - - 2005
: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for multivessel disease is an important alternative to conventional myocardial revascularization using cardiopulmonary bypass. The development of exposure and stabilization techniques has made this surgery simple, safe, and routine. Experience with the technique, its evolution, the learning curve, and the pitfalls is presented. : ...
Yun Anthony J - - 2005
Thromboembolism is considered the inciting cause of many vascular disorders including acute coronary syndrome (ACS), ischemic stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and mesenteric ischemia. Adrenergia and inflammation are known to accompany these conditions, particularly among arterial thromboembolic disorders, but the teleologic basis of these associations remains poorly ...
Wee L Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterise arterio-venous anastomoses (AVA) in monochorionic (MC) placentae and determine (i) whether shared cotyledons lie beneath the co-termination of an artery from one twin and a vein to the contralateral twin and (ii) whether all AVA can be detected by visual inspection of the chorionic plate. METHODS: Vascular ...
Vermeer H J - - 2005
The objective of this study was to evaluate if D-Dimer PLUS (Dade Behring, USA), a rapid fully automated assay, could be used as an initial screening test in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Samples from 274 consecutive symptomatic patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (n=229; 79% outpatients, 21% inpatients), deep ...
Cauley Keith - - 2005
Iliac vein compression is invoked as the explanation for deep venous thrombosis occurring more often in the left iliofemoral system than the right. The authors report a previously undescribed variant of iliac compression whereby a left iliac arterial aneurysm caused venous compression and resultant thrombosis. In this case the patient ...
Gormus Niyazi - - 2005
A 20-year-old pregnant woman was admitted to our department with symptoms of deep venous thrombosis in the left lower extremity and excessive lumbar pain. Low-molecular-weight heparin was administered. She recovered with this treatment, however, severe lumbar pain continued. A lumbar magnetic resonance image showed dilated epidural veins compressing the roots ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2005
Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis both account for many deaths in stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the frequency of these events is higher during COPD exacerbations. The morbidity and mortality from deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients with COPD is not surprising given ...
Okuyama Shin - - 2004
A 28-year-old man presented with mental retardation, peculiar facial features, radioulnar synostosis, hypogonadism, aplasia of the right kidney, a moderate degree of proteinuria, and peripheral cyanosis. The activated partial thromboplastin time was shortened, and the level of plasma factor VIII was high. A chromosomal analysis revealed a 49, XXXXY karyotype. ...
Celik H H - - 2004
Multiple variations of the deep artery of arm were observed during routine gross anatomic dissection of the right upper extremity of a 54-year-old male cadaver. In this case study, a double deep artery of arm and the deep artery of arm with the superior ulnar collateral artery were reported. The ...
Brkljacić Boris - - 2004
The diagnoses observed in patients referred for the Doppler ultrasonographic examination of peripheral and iliac veins for suspected deep venous thrombosis (DVT) are presented in this study. During 48 months 2,610 patients were examined by duplex Doppler ultrasonography (US). Among these, 1,879 were women (72%) and 731 men (28%), with ...
Boyd David A - - 2004
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) tops the differential diagnosis list for unilateral lower extremity edema, but another entity could imitate or even cause a DVT. May-Thurner syndrome is caused by compression of the left common iliac vein by the overlying right iliac artery, resulting in impeded venous blood flow from the ...
Ozgocmen Salih - - 2004
This is an unusual case of pseudothrombophlebitis resulting from rupture of Baker's cyst in a patient with Reiter's syndrome. The patient presented with a swollen, painful left calf and persistent itching on the skin of the calf. Ultrasonography showed a ruptured popliteal cyst with minimal hemorrhage and fluid collection within ...
Lim Kun-Eng - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of indirect mutidetector row computed tomographic (MDCT) venography with lower extremity venous sonography for the diagnosis of femoropopliteal deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and to determine the frequency and location of DVT at MDCT venography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients suspected of having pulmonary embolism ...
Górski G - - 2004
Risk of subsequent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is not fully appreciated. Mechanisms, time relations and risk factors for DVT arising upon earlier SVT remain unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze time relations between local symptoms of lower limb superficial vein thrombosis, duplex ...
How P - - 2004
The public is becoming increasingly aware of the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) due to the so-called 'economy class' syndrome. However, arterial rupture can mimic these symptoms. We report of a misdiagnosis of a ruptured 'fem-pop' vein graft (previously unreported) presenting identically as a DVT. The patient received conventional ...
Fraser Douglas G W - - 2004
Poor iliac vein recanalization has been associated with compression of the left common iliac vein by the right common iliac artery (RCIA/LCIV compression); however, this finding has been difficult to confirm. In a baseline study, RCIA/LCIV compression was detected with magnetic resonance imaging in patients with deep venous thrombosis. We ...
Koliyadan Sreedharan V - - 2004
The surface marking of the deep inguinal ring (DIR) is commonly described as being located at either the middle of the inguinal ligament (MIL) or at the mid-inguinal point (MIP); there seems to be no consensus in previous studies in patients with inguinal hernias. The present study was carried out ...
Betsuyaku Tetsuo - - 2004
A 60-year-old man showed nonsustained repetitive monomorphic VT in the left lateral position, but this was terminated by deep inspiration. Echocardiography and MRI demonstrated a false tendon extending from the apex to the basal septum where the VT could have originated. Spontaneous remission occurred during the 16-year follow-up.
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2004
In the presence of superficial and deep vein insufficiency the effects, if any, of concurrent incompetent perforator veins (IPVs) on clinical status are masked. On the basis of multivariate regression analysis, this study examines the significance of perforator vein incompetence across the clinical classes of CEAP (C-class CEAP ) in ...
Hood Douglas B - - 2004
New developments in the management of both acute and chronic iliac vein occlusive disease offer exciting options for the treatment of this often debilitating condition. Percutaneous clot removal using thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, or a combination of the two is fast becoming the treatment of choice for patients presenting with acute ...
Gore Madhuri - - 2004
Reviparin sodium (clivarine) is a second generation LMWH, developed with the aim of maximising the antithrombotic action while minimising the risk of haemorrhage. Clivarine has been extensively studied in acute coronary syndrome. Various clinical studies in unstable angina and acute coronary syndrome have proved that clivarine in a dosage of ...
Fraser Douglas G W - - 2004
The majority of proximal deep venous thromboses (DVTs) are thought to have propagated as a contiguous column from the calf veins. However, several authors have proposed that ileofemoral DVT commonly originates in the left common iliac vein (LCIV) at a site of compression by the overlying right common iliac artery ...
Fancher Tonya L - - 2004
To summarise the evidence supporting the use of rapid d-dimer testing combined with estimation of clinical probability to exclude the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis among outpatients. Medline (June 1993 to December 2003), the Database of Abstracts and Reviews (DARE), and reference lists of studies in English. We selected 12 ...
Recek C - - 2004
Venous reflux is the most common cause of venous hemodynamic disorders. In this paper 2 issues are discussed: how and where does reflux arise and what are the hemodynamic consequences of retrograde flow. Pressure gradient and incompetent vein connecting both poles of the gradient are the prerequisite for venous reflux ...
Benevenia Joseph - - 2004
The records of 47 consecutive patients with metastatic pathologic fractures of the lower extremity were analyzed with respect to thromboembolic complications. All patients were unable to receive pharmacologic deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis, and were stratified into two groups, based on use of an inferior vena cava filter. Group I (n ...
Augustinos Peter - - 2004
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs in one-quarter of a million individuals annually in the United States and results in significant disability from pulmonary embolism and chronic venous insufficiency, especially when the proximal iliofemoral is involved. Treatment has centered on early institution of adequate anticoagulation to prevent thrombus propagation and embolism, ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2004
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and, therefore, pulmonary embolism (PE) are often preventable. Because of the lack of specificity of symptoms and signs, DVT and PE are frequently clinically unsuspected, leading to substantial diagnostic and therapeutic delays and resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, prophylaxis continues to be dramatically underused. ...
Pearce William H - - 2004
Duplex ultrasound has long been the method of choice in the diagnosis and evaluation of deep venous thrombosis and carotid artery stenosis and in monitoring lower extremity bypasses. In recent years, innovative procedures and technology have fostered new applications for duplex ultrasound, such as detection of in-stent stenosis and endoleaks, ...
Nutescu Edith A - - 2004
Anticoagulation is an essential component of the care of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Traditional anticoagulants for the treatment of VTE include unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), and the oral vitamin K antagonist, warfarin. A variety of anticoagulant agents with improved pharmacologic and clinical profiles are emerging and offer ...
Greenwald Uri - - 2004
A case is reported of a 28-year-old female who initially presented with a right iliac deep venous thrombosis of unclear etiology. A stenosis in the iliac vein was seen, but no intrinsic or extrinsic mass was noted on multiple imaging studies. The patient presented 2 years later with right hydronephrosis, ...
Hall Ian R - - 2004
Transradial cardiac catheterization is an increasingly popular technique mainly because of the low vascular complication rate. We report a case of arm deep vein thrombosis that may be related to a common puncture site hemostasis technique. This complication supports the use of specific unilateral compression hemostatic systems following transradial procedures.
Lord Reginald S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Since graduated compression stockings (GCS) reduce the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in both hospital and ambulant patients, we checked the compressive efficiency of 20-30 mmHg GCS in the standing position. METHODS: In 30 volunteers (17 normal legs, 13 varicose legs), duplex ultrasound was used to measure the ...
Zhou Wei - - 2004
We report a case of radiation-induced venous stenosis after pelvic irradiation to treat Paget's disease of the scrotum. During therapeutic anticoagulation, significant left lower extremity swelling developed due to an iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). After percutaneous thrombectomy and thrombolysis, a high-grade stenosis was uncovered in the left external iliac ...
Omeonu, SO; ;
OBJECTIVE: The importance of early diagnosis and treatment of deep vein thrombosis in patients with fractures of long bones INTRODUCTION: Associated injury to deep-veins in limb fractures presents a serious pathology. It results not only to localized venous occlusion but also to death from pulmonary embolism. Thrombosis of deep-veins occurs ...
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