Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1312
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Tsai Jason - - 2006
To achieve more effective thrombolysis in a shorter treatment time, percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy has been increasingly used in the treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). The power-pulse spray is a new technique to combine chemical and rheolytic effects on clots. We present a case of presumed pulmonary embolism following power-pulse ...
Lyman Stephen - - 2006
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after shoulder arthroplasty are not well described. We sought to identify the frequency of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms in patients after shoulder arthroplasties to compare these rates with the frequency of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms among patients who had total ...
Kumar Shishir
Background: It is well recognized that a hypercoagulable state exists when a person is exposed to high altitude environment. This may manifest as early thromboembolic episodes, which result in acute pulmonary embolism. On further exposure to high-altitude environment, the ongoing thrombogenesis has been implicated in the causation of subacute mountain ...
Kasirajan Karthikeshwar - - 2006
Nearly 1 million patients are treated for deep venous thrombosis annually in the United States, typically with anticoagulant therapy alone. While anticoagulation reduces risk for pulmonary embolism, up to two-thirds of patients experience some degree of postthrombotic syndrome. This review details the recent introduction of a variety of novel mechanical ...
Colwell Clifford W CW - - 2006
More than 2 million people undergo major orthopedic surgery each year, and this rate is expected to continue rising as our population ages. Our patients are at particularly high risk for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism. The latest guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians recommend thromboprophylaxis ...
de Moerloose Philippe - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the drugs used to treat venous thromboembolism (VTE) and to review particular aspects of the management (elastic stockings, thrombolysis, thrombectomy, vena cava filter). SOURCE: Our review of the literature is focused on consensus documents and recent large randomized trials. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Subcutaneous low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) ...
Arsov Todor - - 2006
To determine the prevalence of factor V Leiden mutation in patients with different presentation of venous thromboembolic disease and healthy individuals in the Republic of Macedonia. The retrospective case control study involved 190 patients with venous thromboembolic disease and 200 healthy individuals, who were screened for the presence of factor ...
de Vrey Evelyn A - - 2007
The current report describes a patient with pulmonary embolism, treated unsuccessfully with heparin. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed free-floating right heart thrombus. Migrating deep vein thrombus to the right heart was suspected. Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed origin of the thrombus in the inferior cava vein. Mortality rate of mobile right heart thrombus is ...
Taylor James R - - 2006
53-year-old woman with a history of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism was receiving warfarin to prevent thromboembolic complications; her international normalized ratio (INR) had been stable for 1 month. Extended-release tolterodine 4 mg/day was then prescribed to manage overactive bladder. On her next anticoagulation clinic visit, the patient's INR ...
Weber J - - 2006
In about 18% of cases with conginental vascular malformations we find a perspective of an atypical truncular vein, located along the outside of the leg, frequently extended from the dorsal foot up to the bottom. In presence of a normally developed system of the deep collecting veins of the lower ...
Oguzkurt Levent - - 2006
A 10-year-old boy presented to our clinic with left lower extremity swelling present for 1 year with deterioration of symptoms during the prior month. Laboratory investigation for deep vein thrombosis was negative. Venography and computed tomography scan of the pelvis showed compression of the left common iliac vein by the ...
Han Young-Min - - 2006
A 38-year-old male was initially admitted for left leg swelling. He was diagnosed as having deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the left leg and a pulmonary thromboembolism by contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) with delayed lower extremity CT. The DVT was treated by thrombolysis and a venous stent. Four hours ...
Sanjay P - - 2006
A preliminary survey of surgeons of all grades in our hospital revealed confusion about the position of the deep inguinal ring. Standard teaching is that the deep inguinal ring is lateral to the femoral artery. The aim of this study was to define the position of the deep ring in ...
Parnell Laura K S - - 2006
Deep vein thrombosis - the formation of clots in one of the body's deep veins (usually in the lower extremities) - develops as a result of vascular damage to the vein wall, venous stasis, and hypercoagulability (Virchow's triad). Among the many problems it can cause, the condition can escalate the ...
Bjørnarå B T - - 2006
Over a 13-year period we studied all patients who underwent major hip and knee surgery and were diagnosed with objectively confirmed symptomatic venous thromboembolism, either deep venous thrombosis or non-fatal pulmonary embolism, within six months after surgery. Low-molecular-weight heparin had been given while the patients were in hospital. There were ...
Kalra Manju - - 2006
Laser first emerged as a technology for use in the vascular arena nearly 20 years ago. The ability of laser to evaporate atherosclerotic plaque was extensively studied; however, the goal of creation of an adequate channel without arterial wall perforation proved to be elusive, and the technique fell into disfavor. ...
Kimura Fumiharu - - 2006
A wheelchair-bound 61-year-old diabetic man with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) developed sudden respiratory failure. Specific findings for hypoxemia and hypocapnia were incompatible with type II respiratory failure seen in the terminal stages of ALS. 'Economy class syndrome' was diagnosed, with massive thrombosis in the pulmonary arteries and deep vein thrombosis. ...
Zmudzinska Maria - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate frequency of contact allergy in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLU) and to estimate possible relationships between allergic contact reactions and characteristics of both chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and CVLU. We performed patch tests with the European standard series, antibiotics, glucocorticosteroids ...
Wells Philip S - - 2006
This review summarizes recent information about the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) using noninvasive imaging tests, clinical assessment, and D-dimer assays, and describes how these tests can be employed in diagnostic testing algorithms for the investigation of patients with suspected DVT and PE. The clinical ...
Klein-Weigel P - - 2006
We report two cases of femoral vein thrombosis after arterial PTA and subsequent pressure stasis. We discuss the legal consequences of these complications for information policies. Because venous thrombembolism following an arterial PTA might cause serious sequel or life threatening complications, there is a clear obligation for explicit information of ...
Brandão Leonardo R - - 2006
Paget-Schroetter syndrome or effort-related upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is a rare condition that usually afflicts young healthy individuals, most commonly males. The cause is multifactorial but almost always involves extrinsic compression of the subclavian vein at the thoracic inlet, causing venous stenosis from repetitive trauma. The diagnosis of this ...
Righini Marc - - 2006
The standard diagnostic approach of suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is serial lower limb compression ultrasound (CUS) of proximal veins. Although it only assesses the proximal veins, withholding anticoagulant treatment in patients with a negative CUS on day one and after one week has been proven to be safe. However, ...
Calgüneri Meral - - 2006
Behçet disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing systemic vasculitic disorder affecting the arteries, veins, and vessels of any size. Vascular lesions in BD usually represent an occlusive nature suggesting a hypercoagulable/ prothrombotic state. Coronary arteries are rarely involved in BD. In this report, a 27-year-old male patient in whom myocardial ...
López-Mínguez José R JR Sección de Hemodinámica y Cardiología Intervencionista, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, Badajoz, - - 2006
Retrograde aortocoronary dissection is an unusual complication of coronary angioplasty. Our study provides new structural details of the aortic sinuses and the proximal portions of the coronary arteries, which enable better understanding of several clinical features associated with this complication. We studied eight aortic sinus specimens from patients with structural ...
Picquet J - - 2006
The internal iliac arteries (IIA), and especially the distal segment, course very deep in the pelvis and are generally difficult to access surgically. The recent development of simple and reliable methods to investigate proximal ischemia of the lower extremities has led to discovery of more candidates for elective revascularization of ...
Andrews E James EJ - - 2005
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a one of the most common problems facing the clinician in medicine today. It is often asymptomatic and goes undiagnosed with potentially fatal consequences. Ultrasound has become the "gold standard" in the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis and with proper attention to technique sensitivity of ...
Jennersjö Cecilia M - - 2005
The D-dimer analysis has been shown to have a high sensitivity and a high negative predictive value for the exclusion of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). However, most D-dimer studies, including recent clinical management studies, are performed without examination of the calf veins and/or performed on patient populations with a predominance ...
Epstein Nancy E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Annually, 2 million people in the United States develop deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and nearly 100,000 sustain fatal pulmonary emboli. Prophylaxis against DVT/pulmonary embolism (PE) is a critical issue, and options include elastic stockings, intermittent pneumatic compression stockings, low-dose unfractionated heparin (5000 U every 8-12 hours), and low molecular-weight ...
Elliott M - - 2006
Deep neck space infections in children are not an uncommon presentation to an otolaryngologist and with appropriate antibiotic therapy, often in conjunction with surgical drainage, complications are rare. We report on a case of a 4-year boy who presented with a retropharyngeal abscess that was complicated by ipsilateral carotid artery ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2005
The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation in venous thrombus. Patients referred to the vascular laboratory for evaluation for deep venous thrombosis were included. Duplex ultrasound scanning was used to detect flow within the thrombus. The flow patterns and the resistivity index ...
Mousa Albeir - - 2005
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens, a rare complication of deep venous thrombosis, has traditionally been difficult to treat. The patient described in this report posed additional therapeutic challenges based on a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. She presented with severe leg pain and swelling, and a venogram showed occlusion of both her inferior ...
Ozer Mehmet Asim - - 2005
A thorough knowledge of the topography and relations of the plantar arteries is necessary for further advances in arterial reconstruction in the foot. Such reconstruction often avoids amputation in cases of arterial trauma in industrial and automobile accidents, as well as in patients with diabetes and severe ischemia of the ...
Partsch Hugo - - 2005
The traditional dogma of putting mobile patients with acute deep vein thrombosis into bed for several days has been challenged by some studies that showed a better clinical outcome with walking exercises under good compression. Repeated lung scans did not show an increased risk of new pulmonary embolism. There was ...
Peden Eric - - 2005
Deep venous thrombosis and its consequences remain a significant clinical challenge despite advances in the current healthcare system. The use of thrombolytic therapy has played an important role in the management of both arterial and venous thrombotic conditions. In this article, relevant clinical evidence and rationale in support of thrombolytic ...
Labropoulos N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, distribution, and flow characteristics of intraluminal neovascularization in patients undergoing great saphenous vein (GSV) endovenous laser (EVLT) or radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: Duplex ultrasound (DU) was performed in patients undergoing EVLT or RFA before, during, and after their procedures. Follow-up included assessment for deep venous ...
White Jonathan S - - 2005
Intravascular synovial sarcoma is a rare neoplasm that arises in large veins of the junctional zone between the proximal leg and lower trunk in adult women. Herein we report the first case of an intravascular synovial sarcoma of the external iliac vein. It was successfully treated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy, radical ...
Blum Andrew - - 2005
The goals of successful management of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) include relief of acute symptoms with restoration of venous patency, prevention of clot propagation and subsequent pulmonary embolism, and maintenance of venous valvular function. Valvular incompetence is the leading cause of postthrombotic syndrome (PTS), which is characterized by chronic leg ...
Taffoni Matthew J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to prospectively compare indirect CT venography (CTV) and duplex venous sonography in the evaluation of acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in ICU patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All ICU patients undergoing CT pulmonary angiography in the evaluation of acute pulmonary ...
Merli Geno - - 2005
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disorder that can lead to substantial morbidity and mortality through the clinical manifestations of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Although rapid diagnosis and treatment are critical in preventing PE, mortality and major morbidity due to conditions such as postthrombotic syndrome may ...
Yamaki Takashi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate patterns of venous insufficiency during a 12-month period after an acute deep vein thrombosis. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy limbs in 67 patients with an acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involving 147 anatomic segments were evaluated with duplex scanning at 1 month, 3 ...
van den Bergh Walter M - - 2005
The classic features of thrombosis of the deep cerebral venous system are severe dysfunction of the diencephalon, reflected by coma and disturbances of eye movements and pupillary reflexes, resulting in poor outcome. However, partial syndromes without a decrease in the level of consciousness or brainstem signs exist, which may lead ...
Mullens Wilfried - - 2006
May-Thurner syndrome is an uncommon process in which the right common iliac artery compresses the left common iliac vein, possibly resulting in pain, severe edema of the left leg or in left iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis [May R, Thurner J. The cause of the predominately sinistral occurrence of thrombosis of ...
Rees Megan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a potentially life threatening disorder most commonly seen in debilitated patients with other common medical problems. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to increase the reader's understanding of the aetiology and pathophysiology of PE so as to identify particular at risk patients. An approach to investigation and ...
Stannard J P - - 2005
We report the incidence and location of deep-vein thrombosis in 312 patients who had sustained high-energy, skeletal trauma. They were investigated using magnetic resonance venography and Duplex ultrasound. Despite thromboprophylaxis, 36 (11.5%) developed venous thromboembolic disease with an incidence of 10% in those with non-pelvic trauma and 12.2% in the ...
Hsieh Hsiu-Fang - - 2005
AIM: This paper reports a systematic review whose objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of graduated compression stockings as prophylaxis for flight-related venous thrombosis, including deep vein thrombosis and superficial venous thrombosis, after air travel in the general population. BACKGROUND: Despite the extended history of the use of graduated compression ...
Helgason Cathy M - - 2005
"Evidence-based" recommendations for warfarin prescription in patients with history of ischemic stroke limit its use to prevention of stroke due to atrial fibrillation. Warfarin is also prescribed by the authors to prevent thrombosis in stroke patients with thrombophilia and potential cardiac or arterial source for thromboembolism. These potential conditions, in ...
Chin Eva E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this presentation is to review the techniques of performing an upper extremity Doppler examination, in addition to illustrating the sonographic appearances of acute and chronic upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT). METHODS: The risk factors and complications of UEDVT are discussed, and the anatomy of the ...
Lin Stephanie C - - 2005
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is a limb-threatening form of deep venous thrombosis and should be treated aggressively. The authors report a patient who presented with iliocaval and femoral deep venous thrombosis and posed an additional therapeutic challenge based on a recent history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Catheter-directed pharmacologic thrombolysis and balloon venoplasty ...
Budde Ricardo P J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative detection of suboptimal coronary anastomoses allows revision before chest closure. We evaluated an epicardial 13-MHz ultrasound minitransducer as a means to detect three different coronary anastomosis construction errors. METHODS: In total, 120 internal thoracic artery-to-coronary artery anastomoses were constructed correctly (n = 60) or incorrectly (n = 60) ...
Amir-Us-Saqlain Hassan - - 2005
A case of deep vein thrombosis of axillary vein (Paget-Schroetter syndrome) is described in an 18 years old male. Patient presented via emergency with a one week history of pain and swelling of arm. Duplex imaging showed deep vein thrombosis of third part of left axillary vein and venae comitantes ...
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