Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1314
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Merli Geno J - - 2008
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are common medical problems in a variety of patient populations. It is essential that practitioners involved in the management of these patients understand not only the pathophysiology but also the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism. This foundation will provide the basis for the best care ...
Okeda Riki - - 2008
The pathogenesis of dementia associated with Fabry disease was examined neuropathologically in an autopsy case. The patient was a 47-year-old computer programmer who developed renal failure at the age of 36, necessitating peritoneal dialysis, and thereafter suffered in succession episodic pulmonary congestion, bradyacusia, heart failure, and dementia, before dying of ...
Froimson Mark I - - 2009
This study compares a miniaturized, portable, sequential, pneumatic compression device (ActiveCare continuous enhanced circulation therapy [CECT] system) (Medical Compression Systems Ltd, Or Aqiva, Israel), with a nonmobile, nonsequential device on the ability to prevent postoperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after joint arthroplasty. All patients were treated with low-molecular-weight heparin, application ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2008
Thrombosis in unusual locations in the lower extremity veins has not been assessed. These veins are not imaged routinely and therefore information about them is lacking. This study was designed to evaluate the natural history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in unusual sites. Patients with DVT in all thigh veins ...
Gulsun Akpinar Meltem - - 2008
Pulmonary thromboembolism usually results from deep venous thrombi originating in the lower extremities. Therefore, imaging of venous thromboembolism includes evaluation of the pulmonary arteries and the deep veins of the lower extremities. The introduction of helical CT and multidetector row CT into daily use has enabled direct visualization of pulmonary ...
Kayali Fadi - - 2008
PURPOSE: Whether pulmonary embolism in patients with the nephrotic syndrome is caused by deep venous thrombosis or renal vein thrombosis is controversial. To determine which is the likely cause of pulmonary embolism in patients with the nephrotic syndrome, we investigated data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey. METHODS: The number ...
Oguzkurt Levent - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate compression of the left common iliac vein as demonstrated at computed tomography (CT) in patients with iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis due to iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) and compare compression ratios with those of asymptomatic subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2003 and June 2007, compression ...
Barrett Matthew O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: External fixation is widely used for trauma and reconstruction of the lower extremity. External fixator devices spanning the ankle or portions of the foot often utilize pins placed across the metatarsal bases. While this forefoot fixation is occasionally necessary to achieve reduction and alignment, it is also useful to ...
Spiezia Luca - - 2008
To compare the probability of leg vein recanalization between carriers and non-carriers of thrombophilia after an episode of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities, we reviewed the clinical records of 472 patients with proximal DVT who were diagnosed with thrombophilia, and had long-term ultrasound scanning. One hundred and ...
Jiménez Yolanda - - 2008
Oral anticoagulants (OACs) antagonizing vitamin K - fundamentally sodium warfarin and acenocoumarol - are widely used for preventing arterial thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation and/or heart valve prostheses, and for the treatment and prevention of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. The handling of these drugs requires correct monitorization ...
Kocak Ayhan - - 2008
Anticoagulant therapy is effective and prevents death in more than 95% of patients with pulmonary embolism following deep vein thrombosis. We report a patient who developed deep vein thrombosis following rupture of a dissecting aneurysm of the internal auditory artery. The parent artery was occluded before anticoagulant therapy as a ...
Teachey David T - - 2008
Vasectomy is a commonly performed urologic procedure associated with few complications. Nevertheless, a 35-year-old healthy man developed a life-threatening saddle pulmonary embolism as a consequence of a deep vein thrombosis, resulting from limited mobilization shortly after an elective vasectomy. This is the first report of a near fatal venous thromboembolic ...
Moores Lisa K - - 2008
Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is now an established test in the diagnosis of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Some may argue that it has become the "one-stop" center for diagnosis and prognosis of acute PE and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Current literature shows CTPA to be reliable and accurate. Management ...
Buiter Hans J C - - 2008
A case of intravenous precipitation of erythromycin is reported along with the patient history, pathologic findings, and a description of the analytical methods and results. The patient was a 75-year-old woman with a history of myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis, and diabetes mellitus who underwent aortic valve replacement. She developed ...
de Carvalho M A M - - 2008
The arterial vascularization of agoutis' penis (Dasyprocta prymnolopha) were analysed using ten male adults from 'Núcleo de Estudos e Preservação de Animais Silvestres da Universidade Federal do Piauí' (FUFPI/IBAMA n degrees 02/99). Among the total number of specimens, six animals had natural death and were members of the research collection ...
Blättler W - - 2008
Superficial vein thrombophlebitis (SVTP) appears in two distinct forms: varicose vein thrombophlebitis (TP) represents the principal cause. It is characterized by a large thrombus in a varicose vein and a modest inflammatory process localized in the vessel surrounding but not in its wall. Rarely, SVTP affects a non-varicose vein. Abundant ...
Spiroski Igor - - 2008
To analyze the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms (MTHFR-677 and MTHFR-1298) with occlusive artery disease and deep venous thrombosis in Macedonians. We examined 83 healthy respondents, 76 patients with occlusive artery disease, and 67 patients with deep venous thrombosis. Blood samples were collected and DNA was isolated from peripheral blood ...
Pechlivanis I - - 2008
The case of a 46-year-old Arabian male complaining of low back pain due to congenital lumbar spinal canal stenosis with additional disc herniation is presented. Following CT scan and MRI, bilateral enlarged partial hemilaminectomy was performed in L5/S1 with removal of herniated disc material. Intraoperatively, no complication was encountered. In ...
He Hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: By using lingual artery chemoembolization on the basis of detailed basic studies to search an additional way for treatment of certain tongue carcinoma. METHODS: Study of lingual artery cast specimens in post-mortem human was processed. Patients with tongue carcinoma were chemoembolized with Carboplatinum microcapsules. RESULTS: Microcapsule embolism located approximately ...
Lønnebakken Mai Tone - - 2008
In antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), there is a high prevalence of valvular heart disease which leads to increased risk of thrombo-embolic events, in particular, cerebrovascular events. We present a patient with cerebral infarction, previous deep-vein thrombosis, and miscarriages with positive lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibodies. Echocardiographic examination revealed mitral valve leaflet ...
Barnes Dawn M - - 2008
Primary and recurrent venous thromboembolic disease (VTE, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the hospitalized patient. Non-specific subjective complaints and lack of specific objective findings related to acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) complicate the diagnosis. There remains ...
de Oliveira Aguinaldo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis is 0.6/1000 habitants and when symptomatic its diagnosis by duplex scan has 100% sensitivity and 98% specificity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the findings of the duplex scan in patients with clinical suspicion of deep venous thrombosis. METHODS: 239 ...
Rabadi Meheroz H - - 2008
This article reviews randomized control trials (RCT's) published in 2006 of various medications evaluated for stroke patients. These trials were primarily efficacy studies. These included aggrenox (an antiplatelet agent), magnesium (to treat arterial spasm after an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage), NXY (a free radical trapping agent) and albumin which were both ...
Bianchi Massimiliano - - 2008
In young patients, acquired and genetic causes of deep vein thrombosis frequently interact. The association of congenital hypoplasia of the inferior vena cava with antithrombin III deficiency has never been described in the literature as a causal factor of proximal deep vein thrombosis in young patients. We report the case ...
Kim Soo Kyoung - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early motor deterioration (EMD) in deep subcortical infarction is usually associated with long-term functional disability. In this study, we investigated the clinical characteristics, biochemical markers and MRI variables in patients with deep subcortical infarction to identify the predictors of progressive motor deficits. METHODS: A total of 167 ...
Hach-Wunderle Viola - - 2008
Deep vein thrombosis is associated with a risk of pulmonary embolism and post thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Selective literature review with special reference to the American College of Chest Physicians' current guidelines and the German S2 interdisciplinary guideline. The most important therapeutic measure is prompt and adequate anticoagulation with heparin or ...
Siéssere Selma - - 2008
In order to obtain a precise diagnosis and treatment for temporomandibular dysfunctions, it is necessary to have morphological and functional knowledge of the temporomandibular joint. Anatomic components are important to the understanding of the complexity of temporomandibular joint. Nonetheless, just as important are the anatomic relationships that this joint has ...
Kim W J - - 2008
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease, and its most critical pathologic process is thrombosis, which may explain most of the clinical features. Acute management of thrombosis involves immediate anticoagulation. Acute proximal venous thrombosis can be managed with thrombolytic therapy to reduce the long-term complications of the postthrombotic syndrome (pain, ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2007
Acute venous disorders include deep venous thrombosis, superficial venous thrombophlebitis, and venous trauma. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) most often arises from the convergence of multiple genetic and acquired risk factors, with a variable estimated incidence of 56 to 160 cases per 100,000 population per year. Acute thrombosis is followed by ...
Rosengren A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The link between psychosocial factors and coronary heart disease is well established, but although effects on coagulation and fibrinolysis variables may be implicated, no population-based study has sought to determine whether venous thromboembolism is similarly related to psychosocial factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis or ...
Ro Ayako - - 2008
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) has recently been the focus of research, with special attention to its clinical and medicolegal aspects. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important embolic source of PTE. We review the epidemiology, autopsy findings, pathophysiology, and clinical issues related to PTE and DVT in Japan based on our ...
Sørensen Henrik Toft - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In some studies, venous thromboembolism has been associated with atherosclerosis and with the risk of arterial cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Other studies, however, do not show this association. To help clarify these discrepant findings, we aimed to investigate the risk of arterial cardiovascular events in ...
Henke Peter K - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common event in hospitalized medical and surgical patients. Outside of anticoagulation, few good options exist for decreasing the vein wall damage that results after natural thrombolysis. DVT resolution is complex and involves chemokines, leukocytes, and native vein wall cells. Herein some aspects of DVT ...
Katoh Marcus - - 2007
PURPOSE: To establish a porcine model of deep iliac vein thrombosis, which allows monitoring of thrombectomy and thrombolytic procedures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deep iliac vein thrombosis was induced in 12 domestic swine using an occlusion-balloon catheter and subsequent injection of thrombin distal to the occluded ...
Asherson R A - - 2007
An asymptomatic thirty-eight-year-old female developed recurrent DVT at the latter end of her first pregnancy and in the puerperium. Blood tests revealed a moderately elevated ANF (1:640) with a speckled pattern, hyperglobulinemia, and antibodies to thyroid tissues. Two months postpartum, following neurological disturbances she was found to have a patent ...
Nakamura, Hideki
A 46-year-old female patient with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation was admitted to our hospital. She was treated with urokinase and repeated plasma exchange and with the administration of low-molecular-weight heparin coupled with a high dose of glucocorticoid after inferior vena cava (IVC) ...
Kirkpatrick Angelia - - 2007
PURPOSE: Anticoagulant prophylaxis in patients with central venous catheters is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of anticoagulant prophylaxis in patients with central venous catheters. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched up to May 2006, supplemented by manual searches of conference proceedings and bibliographies. RESULTS: Fifteen trials ...
Hunt Dan - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are potentially life-threatening problems that present diagnostic challenges. To employ objective diagnostic tests in an efficient, safe, and cost-effective manner, the clinical probability of these disorders should be estimated before testing. A number of clinical prediction rules are available for suspected deep venous thrombosis, ...
Mohammadzadeh Mohammad-Ali - - 2007
Intravenous drug abuse is an increasing social and health problem. Repeated injuries to the veins, injection of some types of insoluble substances, and needle sharing habits result in various complications. Increasing incidence of major vascular complications has been reported worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiology ...
He Hong - - 2007
Microcapsule chemoembolism is a promising treatment of tumors. We describe a deep lingual arterial embolization of tongue carcinoma with microcapsuled carboplatinum. Lingual artery cast specimens from cadavers were microscopically examined, and 78 patients with tongue cancer were recruited and treated with the deep lingual arterial embolization therapy. Microcapsule embolism occurred ...
Liljeqvist Sissela - - 2008
We present the case of a 56-year-old man with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). He had been given intramuscular injections of testosterone and the anabolic-androgenic steroid nandrolone, due to a muscle injury, a total of three times prior to manifestation of the symptoms. An ultrasonographic examination of ...
Stawicki S Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in documenting cardiac disorders is well accepted. This study reviews institutional experience with TTE in the clinical setting of pulmonary embolism (PE). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of surgical ICU patients who underwent TTE within 72 hours of diagnosis of PE, from January 2005 to ...
Prejbeanu R - - 2007
Thromboembolic complications are the most frequent associated pathologies after knee replacement. The secondary deep vein thrombosis in the knee arthroplasty is often low symptomatic or asymptomatic and, sometime, it could lead to fatal pulmonary embolism. This is the main purpose recommending an antithrombotic prophylaxis. In this study 214 patients operated ...
Seeley Maria A - - 2007
The upper extremity deep vein thrombosis rate is increasing at the same time that the rate for insertions of peripherally inserted central catheters is on the rise. There is little information on whether the established risk factors for lower extremity deep vein thromboses are effective to predict the occurrence of ...
O─čuzkurt Levent - - 2007
Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), also known as May-Thurner syndrome, is the result of compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and overlying vertebrae. The most common clinical presentation is left lower extremity deep vein thrombosis. Rarely, a patient with IVCS can present with ...
Ikiz Zuhre Asli Aktan - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between the deep peroneal nerve and the dorsalis pedis artery to help ensure a safer surgical approach in flap surgery. The dissection of 36 cadaver lower limbs was undertaken to describe the relationship of the deep peroneal nerve to the ...
Brown Andy P - - 2007
Placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is an increasingly common request at our institution. The rise in utilization of caval filtration is probably multifactorial and includes pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis most notably in the setting of trauma, the approval and widespread use of temporary/removable filters, and the perceived low ...
KHALVAT, ALI
A 33-year-old female-a known case of Behcet's disease- was admitted to the hospital due to fever, dyspnea and hemoptysis. One week before admission, she had developed right leg swelling. The history suggested either deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary emboli or pulmonary artery vasculitis. Diagnostic tests were requested and the ...
Mihmanli I - - 2007
We report two cases of lower extremity venous pathology mimicking deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The first case was a 20-year-old male with swelling in the left leg. Colour Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) demonstrated a continuous flow pattern, and computed tomography (CT) revealed compression of the dilated left common iliac vein by ...
Regier Dean A - - 2007
Venous thromboembolism is a life-threatening complication in patients following major trauma. These patients are at increased risk of deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. In the absence of a major contraindication, anticoagulant prophylaxis with either low-dose unfractionated heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin is recommended. The objectives of this study were to undertake ...
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