Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1285
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Meissner Mark H - - 2007
Acute venous disorders include deep venous thrombosis, superficial venous thrombophlebitis, and venous trauma. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) most often arises from the convergence of multiple genetic and acquired risk factors, with a variable estimated incidence of 56 to 160 cases per 100,000 population per year. Acute thrombosis is followed by ...
Rosengren A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The link between psychosocial factors and coronary heart disease is well established, but although effects on coagulation and fibrinolysis variables may be implicated, no population-based study has sought to determine whether venous thromboembolism is similarly related to psychosocial factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis or ...
Ro Ayako - - 2008
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) has recently been the focus of research, with special attention to its clinical and medicolegal aspects. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important embolic source of PTE. We review the epidemiology, autopsy findings, pathophysiology, and clinical issues related to PTE and DVT in Japan based on our ...
Sørensen Henrik Toft - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In some studies, venous thromboembolism has been associated with atherosclerosis and with the risk of arterial cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Other studies, however, do not show this association. To help clarify these discrepant findings, we aimed to investigate the risk of arterial cardiovascular events in ...
Henke Peter K - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common event in hospitalized medical and surgical patients. Outside of anticoagulation, few good options exist for decreasing the vein wall damage that results after natural thrombolysis. DVT resolution is complex and involves chemokines, leukocytes, and native vein wall cells. Herein some aspects of DVT ...
Katoh Marcus - - 2007
PURPOSE: To establish a porcine model of deep iliac vein thrombosis, which allows monitoring of thrombectomy and thrombolytic procedures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deep iliac vein thrombosis was induced in 12 domestic swine using an occlusion-balloon catheter and subsequent injection of thrombin distal to the occluded ...
Asherson R A - - 2007
An asymptomatic thirty-eight-year-old female developed recurrent DVT at the latter end of her first pregnancy and in the puerperium. Blood tests revealed a moderately elevated ANF (1:640) with a speckled pattern, hyperglobulinemia, and antibodies to thyroid tissues. Two months postpartum, following neurological disturbances she was found to have a patent ...
Nakamura, Hideki
A 46-year-old female patient with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation was admitted to our hospital. She was treated with urokinase and repeated plasma exchange and with the administration of low-molecular-weight heparin coupled with a high dose of glucocorticoid after inferior vena cava (IVC) ...
Kirkpatrick Angelia - - 2007
PURPOSE: Anticoagulant prophylaxis in patients with central venous catheters is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of anticoagulant prophylaxis in patients with central venous catheters. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched up to May 2006, supplemented by manual searches of conference proceedings and bibliographies. RESULTS: Fifteen trials ...
Hunt Dan - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are potentially life-threatening problems that present diagnostic challenges. To employ objective diagnostic tests in an efficient, safe, and cost-effective manner, the clinical probability of these disorders should be estimated before testing. A number of clinical prediction rules are available for suspected deep venous thrombosis, ...
Mohammadzadeh Mohammad-Ali - - 2007
Intravenous drug abuse is an increasing social and health problem. Repeated injuries to the veins, injection of some types of insoluble substances, and needle sharing habits result in various complications. Increasing incidence of major vascular complications has been reported worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiology ...
He Hong - - 2007
Microcapsule chemoembolism is a promising treatment of tumors. We describe a deep lingual arterial embolization of tongue carcinoma with microcapsuled carboplatinum. Lingual artery cast specimens from cadavers were microscopically examined, and 78 patients with tongue cancer were recruited and treated with the deep lingual arterial embolization therapy. Microcapsule embolism occurred ...
Liljeqvist Sissela - - 2008
We present the case of a 56-year-old man with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). He had been given intramuscular injections of testosterone and the anabolic-androgenic steroid nandrolone, due to a muscle injury, a total of three times prior to manifestation of the symptoms. An ultrasonographic examination of ...
Stawicki S Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in documenting cardiac disorders is well accepted. This study reviews institutional experience with TTE in the clinical setting of pulmonary embolism (PE). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of surgical ICU patients who underwent TTE within 72 hours of diagnosis of PE, from January 2005 to ...
Prejbeanu R - - 2007
Thromboembolic complications are the most frequent associated pathologies after knee replacement. The secondary deep vein thrombosis in the knee arthroplasty is often low symptomatic or asymptomatic and, sometime, it could lead to fatal pulmonary embolism. This is the main purpose recommending an antithrombotic prophylaxis. In this study 214 patients operated ...
Seeley Maria A - - 2007
The upper extremity deep vein thrombosis rate is increasing at the same time that the rate for insertions of peripherally inserted central catheters is on the rise. There is little information on whether the established risk factors for lower extremity deep vein thromboses are effective to predict the occurrence of ...
O─čuzkurt Levent - - 2007
Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), also known as May-Thurner syndrome, is the result of compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and overlying vertebrae. The most common clinical presentation is left lower extremity deep vein thrombosis. Rarely, a patient with IVCS can present with ...
Ikiz Zuhre Asli Aktan - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between the deep peroneal nerve and the dorsalis pedis artery to help ensure a safer surgical approach in flap surgery. The dissection of 36 cadaver lower limbs was undertaken to describe the relationship of the deep peroneal nerve to the ...
Brown Andy P - - 2007
Placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is an increasingly common request at our institution. The rise in utilization of caval filtration is probably multifactorial and includes pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis most notably in the setting of trauma, the approval and widespread use of temporary/removable filters, and the perceived low ...
KHALVAT, ALI
A 33-year-old female-a known case of Behcet's disease- was admitted to the hospital due to fever, dyspnea and hemoptysis. One week before admission, she had developed right leg swelling. The history suggested either deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary emboli or pulmonary artery vasculitis. Diagnostic tests were requested and the ...
Mihmanli I - - 2007
We report two cases of lower extremity venous pathology mimicking deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The first case was a 20-year-old male with swelling in the left leg. Colour Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) demonstrated a continuous flow pattern, and computed tomography (CT) revealed compression of the dilated left common iliac vein by ...
Regier Dean A - - 2007
Venous thromboembolism is a life-threatening complication in patients following major trauma. These patients are at increased risk of deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. In the absence of a major contraindication, anticoagulant prophylaxis with either low-dose unfractionated heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin is recommended. The objectives of this study were to undertake ...
Bai Shuhua - - 2007
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that positively charged dendrimers form a complex with enoxaparin, a low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH), and that the resulting drug-dendrimer complex is effective in preventing deep vein thrombosis after pulmonary administration. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and the azure A assay were used ...
Kim Y H - - 2007
We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the left common iliac vein diagnosed pre-operatively with CT and successfully treated with surgery and placement of a stent. A 60-year-old woman was referred to our emergency room because of a sudden left lower abdominal pain and swelling of the left lower ...
Lee Yu Ji - - 2007
Although high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is generally considered a safe medication for various immune-mediated diseases, thrombotic events have been reported as a complication of the therapy. We report a case who developed thrombotic complications after receiving IVIG. A 56-yr-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura received IVIG at a dose of ...
Rouleau Pascal - - 2007
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with the development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower limbs and, hence, with rapidly increasing risks of cardiovascular and pulmonary complications soon after trauma. However, specific mechanisms underlying DVT formation following SCI are poorly understood. Here, we studied in mice, employing in ...
Spencer Frederick A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the magnitude, risk factors, management strategies, and outcomes in a population-based investigation of patients with upper, as compared with lower, extremity deep vein thrombosis diagnosed in 1999. The medical records of all residents from Worcester, Massachusetts (2000 census=478,000) diagnosed with ICD-9 codes ...
Garcia-Bolado Ana - - 2007
To assess the reliability of indirect computed tomography venography (CTV) in the detection of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with clinical suspicion of pulmonary embolism (PE). 235 consecutive patients with suspicion of PE underwent an imaging protocol composed of a CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA), a CTV and an ultrasound ...
Chello Massimo - - 2007
We report a case of a 76-year-old man complaining of dysphagia for solid food associated with a weight loss following an off-pump double vessel coronary artery revascularization. Multislice spiral computed tomography showed a 6 cm x 2.5 cm solid formation next to the posterior wall of the left atrium, adjacent ...
Memtsoudis Stavros G - - 2007
A 36-year-old female with hemoglobin Nottingham (betaFG 5(98) Val --> Gly) causing severe hemolytic anemia and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension presented with symptomatic subacute right lower lobar pulmonary arterial thrombosis requiring surgical pulmonary thrombectomy. We describe a successful, multidisciplinary approach to the problems associated with this disease, particularly with the ...
Shen Heng-Li - - 2007
A 55-year-old man started to suffer from severe penile pain 2 days after engaging in sexual intercourse in the woman-on-top position. A fixed, 2-cm long, cord-like lesion was found on the dorsal midline of his penis which was in a partially tumescent state. Ultrasonography showed part of the deep dorsal ...
Rockwell W Bradford - - 2007
Arterial grafts are superior to venous grafts when used for microvascular grafting procedures. Advantages of arterial grafts include anatomical taper, improved size match, improved handling characteristics, and superior patency rates. The deep inferior epigastric artery may be used as a source of microvascular graft to replace damaged or diseased arterial ...
Aywak A A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the findings of venous sonography with contrast venography in the detection of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limbs. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The Kenyatta National Hospital, a teaching and referral hospital in Nairobi. SUBJECTS: Fifty five limbs in 44 patients with clinical suspicion of DVT ...
Rhoton Albert L AL - - 2007
The cerebrum is the crown jewel of creation and evolution. It is a remarkably delicate, intricate, and beautiful structure. The goal of this chapter is to provide the information needed to permit the neurosurgeon to navigate accurately, gently, and safely around and through the cerebrum and intracranial space. The location ...
Makar Ragai R - - 2007
We report a case of false aneurysm of the external iliac artery and compression of the external iliac vein, which subsequently caused deep venous thrombosis in a 63-year-old female patient with a revised total hip arthroplasty. This is the first case of control of life-threatening intraoperative haemorrhage of an external ...
Marina R - - 2007
Inadvertent placement of an introducer sheath in an artery during central venous cannulation is rare and can result in devastating complications. Although traditional closure devices have been employed as prompt and adequate treatment, more innovative devices such as collagen plugs are being studied for their efficacy. We report a case ...
Arafa Mohamed - - 2007
Recently, it was reported that phentolamine redosing during penile duplex can abolish a false diagnosis of venous leakage in patients with impotence. The aim of this study is to identify any useful role of phentolamine redosing in diagnosis of venogenic impotence. Sixty-seven consecutive patients complaining of weak erection for at ...
Hamper Ulrike M - - 2007
Over the past 2 decades venous ultrasonography has become the standard primary imaging technique for the initial evaluation of patients for whom there is clinical suspicion of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremity veins. This article addresses the role of duplex ultrasonography and color Doppler ultrasonography in today's ...
Ali S M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To establish the status of the deep veins in patients presenting with recurrent varicose veins and the effect on treatment decisions. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Duplex examination of 570 consecutive patients (843 limbs) presenting with recurrent varicose veins (CEAP C2-4). RESULTS: Approximately one third of these ...
Emad Yasser - - 2007
In this report, we described two male patients with Hughes-Stovin syndrome. The first patient was a 26-year-old male who initially presented with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the right lower limb followed shortly by hemoptysis. Pulmonary CT angiography revealed bilateral pulmonary artery aneurysms secondary to underlying pulmonary vasculitis. While the ...
Dixon Teabra - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A 45-year-old female presented with 8 hours of right lower extremity pain and dyspnea. She was tachycardic and her right lower extremity was dusky, cold, and pulseless. DISCUSSION: Computerized tomography of the venous and arterial systems revealed massive pulmonary embolism and right lower extremity arterial and left lower extremity ...
Schellong S M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Venography is currently used to assess the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in dose-finding and confirmatory trials of new antithrombotic agents. Centrally adjudicated, complete compression ultrasound (CCUS) could be a non-invasive alternative to venography. OBJECTIVES: A substudy of two, similarly designed, phase IIb trials of a novel, oral ...
Feltracco Paolo - - 2007
Economy class syndrome is a rare but still unavoidable complication of long haul flights, particularly in patients who carry various intrinsic risk factors. The tendency to affect even asymptomatic young people and the greater risk to fragment and propagate to the pulmonary circulation are the main characteristics of deep vein ...
Cesarone M R - - 2007
Superficial vein thrombosis is characterized by clotting of superficial veins (ie, following direct trauma) with minimal inflammatory components. Superficial thrombophlebitis is a minimally thrombotic process of superficial veins associated with inflammatory changes and/or infection. Treatments generally include analgesics, elastic compression, anti-inflammatory agents, exercise and ambulation, and, in some cases, local ...
Lopez R - - 2007
The goal of this cadaver study has to propose the concept of angiosomes of the tongue (arterial cartography) from the notion of lingual artery segmentation, known in the literature since 1998. Fifteen fresh cadaver heads were used in this study. Four selective ink injections were made in specific location of ...
Mellor Russell H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the FOXC2 gene cause lymphedema distichiasis, an inherited primary lymphedema in which a significant number of patients have varicose veins. Because lymphedema distichiasis is believed to be caused by lymphatic valve failure (reflux), and FOXC2 is highly expressed on venous valves in mouse embryos, we tested the ...
Savage Edward B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Use of both internal thoracic arteries has been limited in diabetic patients fearing an increased incidence of deep sternal wound infection. We analyzed this concern by querying The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database. METHODS: Diabetic patients who had isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery during 2002 to 2004 were ...
Gradman Wayne S - - 2007
The risk of clot extension to the deep venous system or pulmonary embolism following endovenous great saphenous vein (GSV) obliteration is possibly related to the size of the proximal GSV. Some practitioners therefore exclude endovenous GSV obliteration for veins greater than an arbitrary size, starting as little as 15 mm. ...
Oguzkurt Levent - - 2007
We present the case of a 14-year-old girl who developed acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in her right lower extremity. Laboratory testing revealed protein S deficiency, and the patient's father also had this abnormality with a history of lower extremity DVT. Manual thromboaspiration followed by catheter-directed thrombolysis resulted in total ...
White Sarah B - - 2007
Optional inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are an attractive option to help prevent pulmonary embolism because these filters can be retrieved when the risk for thromboembolic events has passed. Retrieval of IVC filters can be difficult if the filter tilts and its tip becomes embedded into the wall of the ...
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