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Results 251 - 300 of 1302
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Moores Lisa K - - 2008
Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is now an established test in the diagnosis of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Some may argue that it has become the "one-stop" center for diagnosis and prognosis of acute PE and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Current literature shows CTPA to be reliable and accurate. Management ...
Buiter Hans J C - - 2008
A case of intravenous precipitation of erythromycin is reported along with the patient history, pathologic findings, and a description of the analytical methods and results. The patient was a 75-year-old woman with a history of myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis, and diabetes mellitus who underwent aortic valve replacement. She developed ...
de Carvalho M A M - - 2008
The arterial vascularization of agoutis' penis (Dasyprocta prymnolopha) were analysed using ten male adults from 'Núcleo de Estudos e Preservação de Animais Silvestres da Universidade Federal do Piauí' (FUFPI/IBAMA n degrees 02/99). Among the total number of specimens, six animals had natural death and were members of the research collection ...
Blättler W - - 2008
Superficial vein thrombophlebitis (SVTP) appears in two distinct forms: varicose vein thrombophlebitis (TP) represents the principal cause. It is characterized by a large thrombus in a varicose vein and a modest inflammatory process localized in the vessel surrounding but not in its wall. Rarely, SVTP affects a non-varicose vein. Abundant ...
Spiroski Igor - - 2008
To analyze the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms (MTHFR-677 and MTHFR-1298) with occlusive artery disease and deep venous thrombosis in Macedonians. We examined 83 healthy respondents, 76 patients with occlusive artery disease, and 67 patients with deep venous thrombosis. Blood samples were collected and DNA was isolated from peripheral blood ...
Pechlivanis I - - 2008
The case of a 46-year-old Arabian male complaining of low back pain due to congenital lumbar spinal canal stenosis with additional disc herniation is presented. Following CT scan and MRI, bilateral enlarged partial hemilaminectomy was performed in L5/S1 with removal of herniated disc material. Intraoperatively, no complication was encountered. In ...
He Hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: By using lingual artery chemoembolization on the basis of detailed basic studies to search an additional way for treatment of certain tongue carcinoma. METHODS: Study of lingual artery cast specimens in post-mortem human was processed. Patients with tongue carcinoma were chemoembolized with Carboplatinum microcapsules. RESULTS: Microcapsule embolism located approximately ...
Lønnebakken Mai Tone - - 2008
In antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), there is a high prevalence of valvular heart disease which leads to increased risk of thrombo-embolic events, in particular, cerebrovascular events. We present a patient with cerebral infarction, previous deep-vein thrombosis, and miscarriages with positive lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibodies. Echocardiographic examination revealed mitral valve leaflet ...
Barnes Dawn M - - 2008
Primary and recurrent venous thromboembolic disease (VTE, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the hospitalized patient. Non-specific subjective complaints and lack of specific objective findings related to acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) complicate the diagnosis. There remains ...
de Oliveira Aguinaldo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis is 0.6/1000 habitants and when symptomatic its diagnosis by duplex scan has 100% sensitivity and 98% specificity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the findings of the duplex scan in patients with clinical suspicion of deep venous thrombosis. METHODS: 239 ...
Rabadi Meheroz H - - 2008
This article reviews randomized control trials (RCT's) published in 2006 of various medications evaluated for stroke patients. These trials were primarily efficacy studies. These included aggrenox (an antiplatelet agent), magnesium (to treat arterial spasm after an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage), NXY (a free radical trapping agent) and albumin which were both ...
Bianchi Massimiliano - - 2008
In young patients, acquired and genetic causes of deep vein thrombosis frequently interact. The association of congenital hypoplasia of the inferior vena cava with antithrombin III deficiency has never been described in the literature as a causal factor of proximal deep vein thrombosis in young patients. We report the case ...
Kim Soo Kyoung - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early motor deterioration (EMD) in deep subcortical infarction is usually associated with long-term functional disability. In this study, we investigated the clinical characteristics, biochemical markers and MRI variables in patients with deep subcortical infarction to identify the predictors of progressive motor deficits. METHODS: A total of 167 ...
Hach-Wunderle Viola - - 2008
Deep vein thrombosis is associated with a risk of pulmonary embolism and post thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Selective literature review with special reference to the American College of Chest Physicians' current guidelines and the German S2 interdisciplinary guideline. The most important therapeutic measure is prompt and adequate anticoagulation with heparin or ...
Siéssere Selma - - 2008
In order to obtain a precise diagnosis and treatment for temporomandibular dysfunctions, it is necessary to have morphological and functional knowledge of the temporomandibular joint. Anatomic components are important to the understanding of the complexity of temporomandibular joint. Nonetheless, just as important are the anatomic relationships that this joint has ...
Kim W J - - 2008
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease, and its most critical pathologic process is thrombosis, which may explain most of the clinical features. Acute management of thrombosis involves immediate anticoagulation. Acute proximal venous thrombosis can be managed with thrombolytic therapy to reduce the long-term complications of the postthrombotic syndrome (pain, ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2007
Acute venous disorders include deep venous thrombosis, superficial venous thrombophlebitis, and venous trauma. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) most often arises from the convergence of multiple genetic and acquired risk factors, with a variable estimated incidence of 56 to 160 cases per 100,000 population per year. Acute thrombosis is followed by ...
Rosengren A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The link between psychosocial factors and coronary heart disease is well established, but although effects on coagulation and fibrinolysis variables may be implicated, no population-based study has sought to determine whether venous thromboembolism is similarly related to psychosocial factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis or ...
Ro Ayako - - 2008
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) has recently been the focus of research, with special attention to its clinical and medicolegal aspects. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important embolic source of PTE. We review the epidemiology, autopsy findings, pathophysiology, and clinical issues related to PTE and DVT in Japan based on our ...
Sørensen Henrik Toft - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In some studies, venous thromboembolism has been associated with atherosclerosis and with the risk of arterial cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Other studies, however, do not show this association. To help clarify these discrepant findings, we aimed to investigate the risk of arterial cardiovascular events in ...
Henke Peter K - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common event in hospitalized medical and surgical patients. Outside of anticoagulation, few good options exist for decreasing the vein wall damage that results after natural thrombolysis. DVT resolution is complex and involves chemokines, leukocytes, and native vein wall cells. Herein some aspects of DVT ...
Katoh Marcus - - 2007
PURPOSE: To establish a porcine model of deep iliac vein thrombosis, which allows monitoring of thrombectomy and thrombolytic procedures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deep iliac vein thrombosis was induced in 12 domestic swine using an occlusion-balloon catheter and subsequent injection of thrombin distal to the occluded ...
Asherson R A - - 2007
An asymptomatic thirty-eight-year-old female developed recurrent DVT at the latter end of her first pregnancy and in the puerperium. Blood tests revealed a moderately elevated ANF (1:640) with a speckled pattern, hyperglobulinemia, and antibodies to thyroid tissues. Two months postpartum, following neurological disturbances she was found to have a patent ...
Nakamura, Hideki
A 46-year-old female patient with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation was admitted to our hospital. She was treated with urokinase and repeated plasma exchange and with the administration of low-molecular-weight heparin coupled with a high dose of glucocorticoid after inferior vena cava (IVC) ...
Kirkpatrick Angelia - - 2007
PURPOSE: Anticoagulant prophylaxis in patients with central venous catheters is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of anticoagulant prophylaxis in patients with central venous catheters. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched up to May 2006, supplemented by manual searches of conference proceedings and bibliographies. RESULTS: Fifteen trials ...
Hunt Dan - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are potentially life-threatening problems that present diagnostic challenges. To employ objective diagnostic tests in an efficient, safe, and cost-effective manner, the clinical probability of these disorders should be estimated before testing. A number of clinical prediction rules are available for suspected deep venous thrombosis, ...
Mohammadzadeh Mohammad-Ali - - 2007
Intravenous drug abuse is an increasing social and health problem. Repeated injuries to the veins, injection of some types of insoluble substances, and needle sharing habits result in various complications. Increasing incidence of major vascular complications has been reported worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiology ...
He Hong - - 2007
Microcapsule chemoembolism is a promising treatment of tumors. We describe a deep lingual arterial embolization of tongue carcinoma with microcapsuled carboplatinum. Lingual artery cast specimens from cadavers were microscopically examined, and 78 patients with tongue cancer were recruited and treated with the deep lingual arterial embolization therapy. Microcapsule embolism occurred ...
Liljeqvist Sissela - - 2008
We present the case of a 56-year-old man with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). He had been given intramuscular injections of testosterone and the anabolic-androgenic steroid nandrolone, due to a muscle injury, a total of three times prior to manifestation of the symptoms. An ultrasonographic examination of ...
Stawicki S Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in documenting cardiac disorders is well accepted. This study reviews institutional experience with TTE in the clinical setting of pulmonary embolism (PE). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of surgical ICU patients who underwent TTE within 72 hours of diagnosis of PE, from January 2005 to ...
Prejbeanu R - - 2007
Thromboembolic complications are the most frequent associated pathologies after knee replacement. The secondary deep vein thrombosis in the knee arthroplasty is often low symptomatic or asymptomatic and, sometime, it could lead to fatal pulmonary embolism. This is the main purpose recommending an antithrombotic prophylaxis. In this study 214 patients operated ...
Seeley Maria A - - 2007
The upper extremity deep vein thrombosis rate is increasing at the same time that the rate for insertions of peripherally inserted central catheters is on the rise. There is little information on whether the established risk factors for lower extremity deep vein thromboses are effective to predict the occurrence of ...
O─čuzkurt Levent - - 2007
Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), also known as May-Thurner syndrome, is the result of compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and overlying vertebrae. The most common clinical presentation is left lower extremity deep vein thrombosis. Rarely, a patient with IVCS can present with ...
Ikiz Zuhre Asli Aktan - - 2007
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between the deep peroneal nerve and the dorsalis pedis artery to help ensure a safer surgical approach in flap surgery. The dissection of 36 cadaver lower limbs was undertaken to describe the relationship of the deep peroneal nerve to the ...
Brown Andy P - - 2007
Placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is an increasingly common request at our institution. The rise in utilization of caval filtration is probably multifactorial and includes pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis most notably in the setting of trauma, the approval and widespread use of temporary/removable filters, and the perceived low ...
KHALVAT, ALI
A 33-year-old female-a known case of Behcet's disease- was admitted to the hospital due to fever, dyspnea and hemoptysis. One week before admission, she had developed right leg swelling. The history suggested either deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary emboli or pulmonary artery vasculitis. Diagnostic tests were requested and the ...
Mihmanli I - - 2007
We report two cases of lower extremity venous pathology mimicking deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The first case was a 20-year-old male with swelling in the left leg. Colour Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) demonstrated a continuous flow pattern, and computed tomography (CT) revealed compression of the dilated left common iliac vein by ...
Regier Dean A - - 2007
Venous thromboembolism is a life-threatening complication in patients following major trauma. These patients are at increased risk of deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. In the absence of a major contraindication, anticoagulant prophylaxis with either low-dose unfractionated heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin is recommended. The objectives of this study were to undertake ...
Bai Shuhua - - 2007
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that positively charged dendrimers form a complex with enoxaparin, a low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH), and that the resulting drug-dendrimer complex is effective in preventing deep vein thrombosis after pulmonary administration. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and the azure A assay were used ...
Kim Y H - - 2007
We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the left common iliac vein diagnosed pre-operatively with CT and successfully treated with surgery and placement of a stent. A 60-year-old woman was referred to our emergency room because of a sudden left lower abdominal pain and swelling of the left lower ...
Lee Yu Ji - - 2007
Although high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is generally considered a safe medication for various immune-mediated diseases, thrombotic events have been reported as a complication of the therapy. We report a case who developed thrombotic complications after receiving IVIG. A 56-yr-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura received IVIG at a dose of ...
Rouleau Pascal - - 2007
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with the development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower limbs and, hence, with rapidly increasing risks of cardiovascular and pulmonary complications soon after trauma. However, specific mechanisms underlying DVT formation following SCI are poorly understood. Here, we studied in mice, employing in ...
Spencer Frederick A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the magnitude, risk factors, management strategies, and outcomes in a population-based investigation of patients with upper, as compared with lower, extremity deep vein thrombosis diagnosed in 1999. The medical records of all residents from Worcester, Massachusetts (2000 census=478,000) diagnosed with ICD-9 codes ...
Garcia-Bolado Ana - - 2007
To assess the reliability of indirect computed tomography venography (CTV) in the detection of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with clinical suspicion of pulmonary embolism (PE). 235 consecutive patients with suspicion of PE underwent an imaging protocol composed of a CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA), a CTV and an ultrasound ...
Chello Massimo - - 2007
We report a case of a 76-year-old man complaining of dysphagia for solid food associated with a weight loss following an off-pump double vessel coronary artery revascularization. Multislice spiral computed tomography showed a 6 cm x 2.5 cm solid formation next to the posterior wall of the left atrium, adjacent ...
Memtsoudis Stavros G - - 2007
A 36-year-old female with hemoglobin Nottingham (betaFG 5(98) Val --> Gly) causing severe hemolytic anemia and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension presented with symptomatic subacute right lower lobar pulmonary arterial thrombosis requiring surgical pulmonary thrombectomy. We describe a successful, multidisciplinary approach to the problems associated with this disease, particularly with the ...
Shen Heng-Li - - 2007
A 55-year-old man started to suffer from severe penile pain 2 days after engaging in sexual intercourse in the woman-on-top position. A fixed, 2-cm long, cord-like lesion was found on the dorsal midline of his penis which was in a partially tumescent state. Ultrasonography showed part of the deep dorsal ...
Rockwell W Bradford - - 2007
Arterial grafts are superior to venous grafts when used for microvascular grafting procedures. Advantages of arterial grafts include anatomical taper, improved size match, improved handling characteristics, and superior patency rates. The deep inferior epigastric artery may be used as a source of microvascular graft to replace damaged or diseased arterial ...
Aywak A A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the findings of venous sonography with contrast venography in the detection of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limbs. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The Kenyatta National Hospital, a teaching and referral hospital in Nairobi. SUBJECTS: Fifty five limbs in 44 patients with clinical suspicion of DVT ...
Rhoton Albert L AL - - 2007
The cerebrum is the crown jewel of creation and evolution. It is a remarkably delicate, intricate, and beautiful structure. The goal of this chapter is to provide the information needed to permit the neurosurgeon to navigate accurately, gently, and safely around and through the cerebrum and intracranial space. The location ...
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