Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1310
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Graw-Panzer Katharina D - - 2009
A 13-year-old boy with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pulmonary infection developed deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. He was found to have protein S deficiency and transient antiphospholipid antibodies. Though uncommon, it is important to consider venous thromboembolic disease in children whose clinical course is atypically severe.
Wathen Asheley B - - 2009
A chronically catheterized 14-y-old male rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) was reported for recurrent scrotal swelling. The scrotum was enlarged and warm to touch, and associated skin was noted to be lichenified on physical examination. The penis could not be extruded due to preputial swelling. Results from the following diagnostic tests ...
Milio G - - 2009
AIM: Superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) has been considered for a long time a limited clinical condition of low importance, but this approach has changed in recent years, when several studies demonstrated that extension to deep veins occurs in 7.3 to 44% of patients, with high prevalence of pulmonary embolism. The ...
Nazir Sarfraz Ahmed - - 2009
Lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Systemic anticoagulation therapy is the mainstay of conventional treatment instituted by most physicians for the management of DVT. This has proven efficacy in the prevention of thrombus extension and reduction in the incidence of pulmonary ...
de Godoy José Maria Pereira - - 2009
Anticardiolipin antibodies are associated with arterial and venous thrombosis, and repetitive miscarriages. The involvement of the heart has been described frequently and can evolve into cardiomyopathy. It has been known for some decades that chronic alcoholism can lead to alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Brooks Erin G - - 2009
Deep venous valves are frequent sites of deep venous thrombosis initiation. However, the possible contribution of the valvular sinus endothelium has received little attention in studies of thrombosis risk. We hypothesized that the endothelium of valve sinus differs from that of vein lumen with up-regulation of anticoagulant and down-regulation of ...
Go Michael R - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present two cases of lower extremity paraplegia associated with acute iliocaval thrombosis successfully treated with thrombolysis. CASE REPORTS: A 36-year-old morbidly obese woman with a history of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement 4 years prior presented with ...
Navadgi Basalingappa C - - 2009
Deep vein thrombosis is very uncommon in the pediatric population. We describe an unusual case of deep vein thrombosis caused by a femoral osteochondroma in a 13-year-old adolescent girl with known multiple hereditary exostoses. We discuss the optimum investigations to determine the site of venous obstruction, which is crucial when ...
Kapur Rick - - 2009
Deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity (UEDVT) is a rare variety of deep venous thrombosis. Compared to lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis, less is known about the risk factors for primary UEDVT. We report on a 27-year-old woman with UEDVT extending from the jugular and subclavian veins to the elbow. ...
Mocumbi A O - - 2009
Extensive deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) may result from a high-voltage electrical injury. Little is known about the effects of long-term, low-voltage electrical stimulation. We report on the unusual finding of deep-vein thrombosis in a black patient, affecting the superior vena cava and right femoral vein, in association with a right atrial ...
Fineschi Vittorio - - 2009
The histological age determination of venous thromboses in fatal pulmonary embolism cases is an important task of forensic medicine and requires thorough knowledge of the general and specific pathology of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). The aim of our investigation was to carry out a chronological evaluation of the deep venous thrombosis ...
Tao Kevin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Demanding athletic events can contribute multiple risk factors to the development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in athletes. OBJECTIVES: To discuss risk factors for the development of DVT in athletes participating in athletic events. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a young female athlete who had a DVT, ...
Bicer Murat - - 2009
Venous thromboembolus is an important cause of hospital acquired morbidity and mortality. Venous thrombosis is a very rare occurrence in patients with haemophilia A. The thrombosis originated from the right main and external iliac veins, and effects the cranial segments of the main, deep and superficial femoral veins as an ...
Rose Shelonitda S - - 2009
Inferior vena cava (IVC) atresia is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in young patients. Although Doppler ultrasound diagnoses DVT, a contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) diagnoses IVC atresia, other congenital IVC anomalies and must be considered in young patients presenting with idiopathic DVT. ...
Marder Victor J - - 2009
Plasmin is the prototype of a distinct class of "direct-acting" fibrinolytic agents, with biochemical and physiological attributes that are favorable for catheter-delivered thrombolytic therapy. Our studies indicate that plasmin is superior to plasminogen activators for hemostatic safety and thrombolytic efficacy in experimental models, and that plasmin has potential to avoid ...
Shakoor Hasan - - 2009
Venous thrombo-embolic disease carries a high mortality rate and sometimes difficulties in diagnosis. Conventional pulmonary angiography remains the gold standard diagnostic test for pulmonary embolism. While contrast venography remains the gold standard modality to diagnose deep venous thrombi, the highly sensitive and specific venous ultrasonography makes it the most common ...
Zubkov Alexander Y - - 2009
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a risk factor for patients with acute stroke. Subclinical DVT is more common than clinically apparent DVT. DVT manifests with lower extremity swelling that might be associated with pain. Venous duplex ultrasound is a simple diagnostic procedure for detection of a DVT. However, as many ...
McManus Richard A - - 2009
DVT or pulmonary embolism may occur in almost 2 in 1000 people each year, with up to 25% of those having a recurrence. Around 5-15% of people with untreated DVT may die from pulmonary embolism. Risk factors for deep vein thrombosis include immobility, surgery (particularly orthopaedic), malignancy, pregnancy, older age, ...
Chitra R - - 2009
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between the deep fibular nerve and the dorsalis pedis artery to provide useful anatomical knowledge for safe surgical approaches in plastic surgery. The dissection of 30 cadaver lower limbs was undertaken to describe the relationship of the deep fibular nerve ...
Sufianov Albert Akramovich - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the structure, contents, location, and borders of interpeduncular cistern and its communications with adjoining cisterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microsurgical anatomy of the interpeduncular cistern was studied in 14 adult cadaver brains, using a surgical microscope(x3 to x40 magnification). RESULTS: The interpeduncular cistern was divided into two portions: superficial ...
Clayton Robert A E - - 2009
The aim of the study was to quantify the incidence and timing of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) after total knee replacement (TKR). Data from 5100 consecutive TKRs performed over 10 years were prospectively collected. Cases were reviewed to identify thromboprophylaxis given, the diagnosis of VTE, treatment and adverse outcomes. There ...
Irwin Chance - - 2008
Although recognized with increasing frequency, the pathogenesis of venous aneurysms (VA) remains poorly understood. We evaluated 8 patients with 10 VA for the presence, localization and activity of metalloproteinases (MMPs). Tissue specimens from VA (n=8), normal saphenous vein (NSV n=7) and varicose veins (VV n=7 were compared by histology and ...
Shadid Nadia - - 2008
Four days after foamsclerotherapy of an incompetent great saphenous vein of the left lower leg a 49-year-old woman developed a superficial thrombophlebitis of the venous dorsal arch. In the course of follow-up repeated color duplex sonography initially did not show involvement of the deep venous system and, hence, she was ...
Schwarz T - - 2008
The objective of the study was to investigate the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) at the puncture site following peripheral interventions and to assess if there is a difference between using a vascular closure by means of vascular closure systems or compression bandages. We prospectively included 474 consecutive patients ...
Sharif-Kashani Babak - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of digital photoplethysmography in screening asymptomatic patients who are susceptible for developing deep vein thrombosis. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-seven limbs in 169 patients who were high risk for development of deep vein thrombosis were assessed by ultrasonography digital photoplethysmography and the results were compared. ...
Rozen Warren M - - 2008
The deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap is increasingly used for autologous breast reconstruction, with low donor-site morbidity cited as a major advantage of this operation. Preoperative imaging of the donor-site vasculature is frequently used as a further means of improving operative outcome. Computed tomographic angiography has been increasingly described ...
Knipp Brian S - - 2008
We hypothesize that endovenous laser ablation (EVA) therapy is equally successful in improving venous insufficiency symptoms in patients with or without deep venous insufficiency (DVI). From January 2005 through August 2007, EVA of the great saphenous vein (GSV) was attempted in 364 patients (460 limbs) with symptomatic GSV reflux. The ...
Hazarika Maitreyee - - 2008
PURPOSE: Lenalidomide (CC-5013, Revlimid; Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ), a thalidomide analogue, was granted approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on June 29, 2006, for use in combination with dexamethasone in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who have received at least one prior therapy. The FDA approved lenalidomide ...
Jones Christian - - 2008
CT Venography (CTV) performed at the time of CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) images the central, pelvic, and extremity venous circulation with minimal additional time, radiation, and no added contrast. CTV has been added to CTPA routinely at our Level I trauma center since 2000, and we sought to determine if ...
Tick, Lidwine Winnifred
In the first part of this thesis we described two new diagnostic algorithms for patients with clinically suspected deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. These management strategies include both pretest clinical probability and D-dimer assay, and reduce the need for non-invasive imaging tests. These novel strategies are safe in excluding ...
Pontón A - - 2009
An 88-year-old woman with hypertension, chronic vein insufficiency, and repeated cellulites in the right lower extremity was admitted to our hospital with a new episode of right leg inflammation and edema associated with fever and leukocytosis. Due to unilateral enlargement of the leg and D-simer levels of 1000 microg/mL, a ...
Mitchell Alice M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The hypothesis was that the tandem measurement of D-dimer and myeloperoxidase (MPO) or C-reactive protein (CRP) could significantly decrease unnecessary pulmonary vascular imaging in emergency department (ED) patients evaluated for pulmonary embolism (PE) compared to D-dimer alone. METHODS: The authors measured the sequential combinations of D-dimer and MPO and ...
Sohns Christian - - 2008
AIM: In this retrospective study, we assess the current role and future potential of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnostic algorithm of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred patients underwent 64-multidetector-row spiral CT of the chest, pelvis, and thigh for suspected PE. CT scans were reviewed, and ...
Righini Marc - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss pros and cons of anticoagulant treatment in the presence of symptomatic distal deep vein thrombosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Available data are responsible for a lack of consensus regarding treatment of distal deep vein thrombosis. SUMMARY: One standard diagnostic approach of suspected deep vein thrombosis consists of ...
Myers K A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine which covariates predisposed to deep venous occlusion (DVO) after ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy (UGS) for varicose veins. DESIGN: Ultrasound scans before and at 3 to 7 days after UGS to detect post-procedure deep venous occlusion. MATERIALS: A consecutive series of 1931 treatment sessions in 852 patients treated by a ...
Marston William A - - 2008
Twenty to thirty percent of patients with symptomatic chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) are found to have combined superficial and deep venous reflux on duplex testing. It is currently unclear whether endovenous ablation (EVA) of the saphenous vein will result in correction of CVI without addressing the deep venous reflux. In ...
Heo Chanyeong - - 2008
The deep inferior epigastric artery perforator is reliable and widely used in breast reconstruction. The anatomy and course of deep inferior epigastric vessels and their branches are relatively constant and well understood. However, some published cases with a direct perforating pattern and no intramuscular traveling were identified. A case involving ...
Küpeli Elif - - 2008
Pulmonary thromboembolism is a life-threatening condition resulting mostly from lower extremity deep-vein or pelvic-vein thrombosis. A 46-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with pain on the right side of the chest and hemoptysis. On laboratory analysis, D-dimer level was elevated. Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography revealed intravascular filling defects due to ...
Mikus Piero Maria PM Heart and Lung Transplantation Program, Cardiac Surgery Department, S Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna University, - - 2008
The current surgical technique for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) involves the use of deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest at 18 degrees C (DHCA). Our experience started in 2004 when we decided to use an original alternative strategy which consists of avoiding deep hypothermia and subsequent circulatory arrest by using moderate hypothermia ...
Frasier Krista - - 2008
Radiofrequency ablation and endovenous laser therapy are types of minimally invasive techniques that have been used in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. In both procedures, high-intensity heat via thermal energy is produced and delivered via an endovenous catheter placed in the saphenous vein. This results in changes that therapeutically ...
Frasier Krista - - 2008
Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is an uncommon congenital disorder of uncertain etiology that comprises the clinical triad of varicose veins, port wine stain, and bony or soft-tissue hypertrophy. The literature suggests that the deep venous system is often under-developed. We propose that duplex venous ultrasound can effectively demonstrate patent deep venous ...
Matsunobu Tetsuro - - 2008
We report a case of acute pulmonary thromboembolism after gastrectomy. A 67-year-old woman was found to have gastric cancer and a giant lipoma in the ascending colon. We performed distal gastrectomy and enucleation of the ascending colon lipoma. On postoperative day 9, an acute pulmonary thromboembolism developed, and thrombolytic therapy ...
Kesler Anat - - 2008
The objectives of the present study were to determine the concentrations of plasma homocysteine in a large (n = 562) cohort of patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and to compare them with the values observed in other vascular thrombotic and atherosclerotic conditions. Results were compared with those observed in ...
Nayak Soubhagya R - - 2008
Anatomical variations of the biceps brachii and triceps brachii have been described by various authors, but the occurrence of four-headed biceps brachii and triceps brachii in an ipsilateral arm is rare and has not been reported before in the literature. During routine cadaveric dissection in the department of anatomy, Kasturba ...
Shimamoto Takeshi - - 2008
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a disorder of unknown cause in which heart failure occurs during the peripartum period. A 32-year-old woman was diagnosed with PPCM 10 days after delivery. One month after the initial diagnosis, a newly formed left ventricular (LV) apical thrombus was revealed and warfarin was started. One ...
Morris R J - - 2008
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to survey the types of intermittent pneumatic compression systems that are currently used, and their medical applications. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Intermittent compression devices have taken many forms since their initial development, but medical justifications for particular properties of cuff design, compression ...
Merli Geno J - - 2008
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are common medical problems in a variety of patient populations. It is essential that practitioners involved in the management of these patients understand not only the pathophysiology but also the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism. This foundation will provide the basis for the best care ...
Okeda Riki - - 2008
The pathogenesis of dementia associated with Fabry disease was examined neuropathologically in an autopsy case. The patient was a 47-year-old computer programmer who developed renal failure at the age of 36, necessitating peritoneal dialysis, and thereafter suffered in succession episodic pulmonary congestion, bradyacusia, heart failure, and dementia, before dying of ...
Froimson Mark I - - 2009
This study compares a miniaturized, portable, sequential, pneumatic compression device (ActiveCare continuous enhanced circulation therapy [CECT] system) (Medical Compression Systems Ltd, Or Aqiva, Israel), with a nonmobile, nonsequential device on the ability to prevent postoperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after joint arthroplasty. All patients were treated with low-molecular-weight heparin, application ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2008
Thrombosis in unusual locations in the lower extremity veins has not been assessed. These veins are not imaged routinely and therefore information about them is lacking. This study was designed to evaluate the natural history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in unusual sites. Patients with DVT in all thigh veins ...
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