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Sleep Joseph - - 2010
Gaseous microemboli have been associated with post operative neurological deficits in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. Creating an optimal perfusion system that minimizes microemboli production and has enhanced abilities to sequester entrained air during the bypass procedure has been an important focus. This study examines the air-handling capabilities of a cardiopulmonary ...
Lynch John E - - 2010
Gaseous emboli may be introduced into the bypass circuit both from the surgical field and during perfusionist interventions. While circuits provide good protection against massive air embolism, they do not remove gaseous microemboli (GME) from the bypass circuit. The purpose of this preliminary study is to assess the incidence of ...
Lin Peter H - - 2010
Deep vein thromboses (DVT) along with its clinical sequelae represent a major health care challenge in our society. An acute massive DVT can result in pulmonary embolism resulting in sudden death. Although oral or systemic anticoagulation therapy may minimize thrombus propagation, it remains ineffective in removing thrombus burden and consequently ...
Moini Majid - - 2010
We hypothesized that interrupting the connection between superficial and deep veins of the upper extremity at the elbow for creation of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), in addition to adequate dilation of the elbow veins, will reduce the risk of steal syndrome and venous hypertension. In this prospective study over a ...
Seong Seok-Woo - - 2010
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a predisposing condition of pulmonary embolism which can be fatal. Usually, DVT is found in the lower extremities. However, DVT can be occurred in the upper extremities. The usual predisposing conditions of the upper extremity DVT include insertion of central venous catheters and pacemaker wires. ...
Korsten-Reck U - - 2010
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: Two trained long-distance runners, aged 53 and 58 years, respectively, presented (independently) at our outpatient department because of an acute reduction in physical performance after considerable exertion. Neither had specific clinical symptoms, particularly no dyspnea. INVESTIGATIONS: Neither patient had abnormal findings on physical examination, such as ...
Ho Wai Khoon - - 2010
Venous thromboembolism, comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism, is common in Australia and is associated with high morbidity. This article provides a summary of the risk factors for DVT of the lower limb and discusses the diagnosis of the condition using a diagnostic algorithm incorporating clinical assessment, D-dimer ...
Goldhaber Samuel Z - - 2010
Risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) are often modifiable and overlap with risk factors for coronary artery disease. Encouraging our patients to adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle by abstaining from cigarettes, maintaining lean weight, limiting red meat intake, and controlling hypertension might lower the risk of pulmonary embolism and deep vein ...
Joshi Mukund C - - 2010
Deep vein thrombosis in children is rare and is often secondary to a predisposing condition. Staphylococcal sepsis following furunculosis and complicated by deep vein thrombosis and septic pulmonary emboli in a fourteen-yr-old boy is presented. He was managed successfully with antibiotics and anticoagulation.
Gabrielli Roberto - - 2010
We report the case of a 42-year-old man with pleuritic chest pain, shortness of breath, and associated tachycardia. Three months before, he had been treated for similar features with the diagnosis of pulmonary emboli. Computed tomography scan showed multiple bilateral pulmonary emboli. He had no clinical evidence of deep venous ...
Musil Dalibor - - 2010
We present a 55-year-old man with acute migrating thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis of muscle veins in both calves indicating occurrence of acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Thrombosis of superficial and deep veins of the lower limbs arose in spite of the adequate anticoagulation therapy with warfarin.
Olowoyeye O A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To highlight the usefulness of duplex ultrasonography in assessing patients with clinical features suggestive of DVT in this environment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of seventy patients (44 males and 26 females, aged 15-85 years) with a clinical diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) were seen between September 2005 ...
Pianta Marcus J - - 2011
Late complications of thrombosis of the deep veins in the region between the popliteal vein termination and the confluence of the common iliac veins and inferior vena cava (suprapopliteal deep-vein thrombosis) are common and often unrecognized by those responsible for the initial management. Pharmacomechanical-assisted clearance of the thrombus at the ...
Lookstein Robert A - - 2010
Deep vein thrombosis is a condition that affects hundreds of thousands of patients each year. The major complications include pulmonary embolus with the potential for loss of life and post-thrombotic syndrome with the potential for loss of function of the limb. Extensive clinical research over the last 40 years has ...
Casian D - - 2010
The free-floating thrombus (FFT) represents a particular form of deep vein thrombosis with extremely high potential of fatal pulmonary embolism. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the early results of aggressive surgical approach to FFT. During the period 2005-2008 years FFT was diagnosed in 13 patients. Demographic characteristics ...
Liu Fang - - 2010
Patients with acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis often sustain severe postthrombotic complications resulting from venous obstruction and valve incompetence. Conventional anticoagulation prevents thrombus extension, fatal pulmonary embolism, and recurrence of the DVT but can only minimally minimize the postthrombotic complications. Whether early thrombus removal significantly reduces the postthrombotic morbidity is ...
Chan Wee-Shian - - 2010
Prospective studies of nonpregnant patients have demonstrated that most deep vein thromboses of the lower extremity originate in the calf veins and progress proximally, but the anatomic distribution of thromboses in pregnant patients is unclear. An understanding of the anatomic distribution of deep vein thrombosis in pregnancy has important implications ...
Acikel Sadik - - 2010
We report a 36-year-old woman with a 1-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus who was admitted with acute onset of dyspnea and chest pain. She presented with a classic medical history of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, including spontaneous abortion, deep venous thrombosis, and clinical manifestations of lupus activation. The differential diagnosis ...
Yiee Jenny H - - 2010
Knowledge of penile embryology and anatomy is essential to any pediatric urologist in order to fully understand and treat congenital anomalies. Sex differentiation of the external genitalia occurs between the 7th and 17th weeks of gestation. The Y chromosome initiates male differentiation through the SRY gene, which triggers testicular development. ...
Desai Gaurav - - 2010
Computed tomography findings in 3 patients with apparent thrombosis of an iliofemoral vein due to mixing artifact related to venous collateral formation are presented, 1 with portosystemic collaterals and 2 with collaterals secondary to subclavian vein thrombosis. Mixing artifact or asymmetric enhancement related to collateral formation should be considered for ...
Garcia David A - - 2010
Pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are widely regarded as manifestations of a single disease, venous thromboembolism (VTE). An evidence-based approach to the treatment of acute VTE will be reviewed here. Currently available therapeutic options will be emphasized; possible future treatment approaches will be discussed briefly. The chronic ...
Patil Aruna R - - 2010
Angiomyolipomas are the most common mesenchymal renal neoplasms. Two types have been described: (i) sporadic angiomyolipoma and (ii) angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis. Giant aneurysm formation is usually noted in angiomyolipomas associated with tuberous sclerosis and is rare in sporadic variety. Tumor diameter and aneurysm diameter have been used as ...
Narani Krishan Kumar - - 2010
There is high incidence of venous thromboembolism, comprising of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, in hospitalized patients. The need for systemic thromboprophylaxis is essential, especially in patients with inherited or acquired patient-specific risk factors or in patients undergoing surgeries associated with high incidence of postoperative deep vein thrombosis and ...
Mahmoodi Seyed M - - 2009
A 21-year-old female with right distal femoral pedunculated osteochondroma is presented. She was admitted for severe lower limb pain, and swelling of one week duration. Clinical findings supported deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but Doppler ultrasound, and venography were normal. Surgical exploration revealed a large bursa around the tumor with a ...
Uehara Masae - - 2011
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) frequently results in pulmonary arterial thrombosis (PAT). Using multislice-CT (MSCT), we evaluated the incidence of de novo asymptomatic PAT following DVT in subjects undergoing TKA and compared these results by ventilation-perfusion (VP) lung scintigram and ultrasonography of the lower extremities. Twenty-five ...
Long Janet B - - 2009
The formation of blood clots is a significant threat to individuals with limited mobility, whether in the hospital or recovering in an outpatient setting. Prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism has been found to be cost-effective when compared with treating an existing thrombosis. Despite these positive findings, compliance ...
Spiezia Luca - - 2010
Upper extremities deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT) is a rare condition. According to the literature, approximately 4-10% of all cases of venous thrombosis may involve the subclavian, axillary or brachial veins. In the last few decades, the incidence of UEDVT has increased because of more frequent use of central venous catheters ...
Graw-Panzer Katharina D - - 2009
A 13-year-old boy with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pulmonary infection developed deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. He was found to have protein S deficiency and transient antiphospholipid antibodies. Though uncommon, it is important to consider venous thromboembolic disease in children whose clinical course is atypically severe.
Wathen Asheley B - - 2009
A chronically catheterized 14-y-old male rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) was reported for recurrent scrotal swelling. The scrotum was enlarged and warm to touch, and associated skin was noted to be lichenified on physical examination. The penis could not be extruded due to preputial swelling. Results from the following diagnostic tests ...
Milio G - - 2009
AIM: Superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) has been considered for a long time a limited clinical condition of low importance, but this approach has changed in recent years, when several studies demonstrated that extension to deep veins occurs in 7.3 to 44% of patients, with high prevalence of pulmonary embolism. The ...
Nazir Sarfraz Ahmed - - 2009
Lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common cause of significant morbidity and mortality. Systemic anticoagulation therapy is the mainstay of conventional treatment instituted by most physicians for the management of DVT. This has proven efficacy in the prevention of thrombus extension and reduction in the incidence of pulmonary ...
de Godoy José Maria Pereira - - 2009
Anticardiolipin antibodies are associated with arterial and venous thrombosis, and repetitive miscarriages. The involvement of the heart has been described frequently and can evolve into cardiomyopathy. It has been known for some decades that chronic alcoholism can lead to alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Brooks Erin G - - 2009
Deep venous valves are frequent sites of deep venous thrombosis initiation. However, the possible contribution of the valvular sinus endothelium has received little attention in studies of thrombosis risk. We hypothesized that the endothelium of valve sinus differs from that of vein lumen with up-regulation of anticoagulant and down-regulation of ...
Go Michael R - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present two cases of lower extremity paraplegia associated with acute iliocaval thrombosis successfully treated with thrombolysis. CASE REPORTS: A 36-year-old morbidly obese woman with a history of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement 4 years prior presented with ...
Navadgi Basalingappa C - - 2009
Deep vein thrombosis is very uncommon in the pediatric population. We describe an unusual case of deep vein thrombosis caused by a femoral osteochondroma in a 13-year-old adolescent girl with known multiple hereditary exostoses. We discuss the optimum investigations to determine the site of venous obstruction, which is crucial when ...
Kapur Rick - - 2009
Deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity (UEDVT) is a rare variety of deep venous thrombosis. Compared to lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis, less is known about the risk factors for primary UEDVT. We report on a 27-year-old woman with UEDVT extending from the jugular and subclavian veins to the elbow. ...
Mocumbi A O - - 2009
Extensive deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) may result from a high-voltage electrical injury. Little is known about the effects of long-term, low-voltage electrical stimulation. We report on the unusual finding of deep-vein thrombosis in a black patient, affecting the superior vena cava and right femoral vein, in association with a right atrial ...
Fineschi Vittorio - - 2009
The histological age determination of venous thromboses in fatal pulmonary embolism cases is an important task of forensic medicine and requires thorough knowledge of the general and specific pathology of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). The aim of our investigation was to carry out a chronological evaluation of the deep venous thrombosis ...
Tao Kevin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Demanding athletic events can contribute multiple risk factors to the development of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in athletes. OBJECTIVES: To discuss risk factors for the development of DVT in athletes participating in athletic events. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a young female athlete who had a DVT, ...
Bicer Murat - - 2009
Venous thromboembolus is an important cause of hospital acquired morbidity and mortality. Venous thrombosis is a very rare occurrence in patients with haemophilia A. The thrombosis originated from the right main and external iliac veins, and effects the cranial segments of the main, deep and superficial femoral veins as an ...
Rose Shelonitda S - - 2009
Inferior vena cava (IVC) atresia is a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in young patients. Although Doppler ultrasound diagnoses DVT, a contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) diagnoses IVC atresia, other congenital IVC anomalies and must be considered in young patients presenting with idiopathic DVT. ...
Marder Victor J - - 2009
Plasmin is the prototype of a distinct class of "direct-acting" fibrinolytic agents, with biochemical and physiological attributes that are favorable for catheter-delivered thrombolytic therapy. Our studies indicate that plasmin is superior to plasminogen activators for hemostatic safety and thrombolytic efficacy in experimental models, and that plasmin has potential to avoid ...
Shakoor Hasan - - 2009
Venous thrombo-embolic disease carries a high mortality rate and sometimes difficulties in diagnosis. Conventional pulmonary angiography remains the gold standard diagnostic test for pulmonary embolism. While contrast venography remains the gold standard modality to diagnose deep venous thrombi, the highly sensitive and specific venous ultrasonography makes it the most common ...
Zubkov Alexander Y - - 2009
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a risk factor for patients with acute stroke. Subclinical DVT is more common than clinically apparent DVT. DVT manifests with lower extremity swelling that might be associated with pain. Venous duplex ultrasound is a simple diagnostic procedure for detection of a DVT. However, as many ...
McManus Richard A - - 2009
DVT or pulmonary embolism may occur in almost 2 in 1000 people each year, with up to 25% of those having a recurrence. Around 5-15% of people with untreated DVT may die from pulmonary embolism. Risk factors for deep vein thrombosis include immobility, surgery (particularly orthopaedic), malignancy, pregnancy, older age, ...
Chitra R - - 2009
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between the deep fibular nerve and the dorsalis pedis artery to provide useful anatomical knowledge for safe surgical approaches in plastic surgery. The dissection of 30 cadaver lower limbs was undertaken to describe the relationship of the deep fibular nerve ...
Sufianov Albert Akramovich - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the structure, contents, location, and borders of interpeduncular cistern and its communications with adjoining cisterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microsurgical anatomy of the interpeduncular cistern was studied in 14 adult cadaver brains, using a surgical microscope(x3 to x40 magnification). RESULTS: The interpeduncular cistern was divided into two portions: superficial ...
Clayton Robert A E - - 2009
The aim of the study was to quantify the incidence and timing of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) after total knee replacement (TKR). Data from 5100 consecutive TKRs performed over 10 years were prospectively collected. Cases were reviewed to identify thromboprophylaxis given, the diagnosis of VTE, treatment and adverse outcomes. There ...
Irwin Chance - - 2008
Although recognized with increasing frequency, the pathogenesis of venous aneurysms (VA) remains poorly understood. We evaluated 8 patients with 10 VA for the presence, localization and activity of metalloproteinases (MMPs). Tissue specimens from VA (n=8), normal saphenous vein (NSV n=7) and varicose veins (VV n=7 were compared by histology and ...
Shadid Nadia - - 2008
Four days after foamsclerotherapy of an incompetent great saphenous vein of the left lower leg a 49-year-old woman developed a superficial thrombophlebitis of the venous dorsal arch. In the course of follow-up repeated color duplex sonography initially did not show involvement of the deep venous system and, hence, she was ...
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