Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1285
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Sudo A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To document the incidence of proximal deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in 58 consecutive Japanese patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Patients were routinely examined for proximal deep vein thrombosis by B-mode ultrasonography before and after surgery. Those patients who had ultrasonographic findings of ...
Hsu Geng-Long - - 2003
The human penile venous system has been well studied and described but the demonstration of extra venous channels in imaging films prompted us to seek refinement of our anatomical knowledge of this venous system. Cavernosography in 37 patients who had venous stripping surgery and now suffered recurrent erectile dysfunction consistently ...
Quenet Sara - - 2003
Superficial vein thrombosis may be complicated with venous thromboembolism. We examined factors predictive of venous thromboembolism in superficial vein thrombosis, which, to our knowledge, had not been prospectively studied before. We performed post hoc analysis of the STENOX trial, a prospective randomized controlled trial that investigated various antithrombotic therapies in ...
Deitcher Steven R - - 2003
A 50-year-old man with hypertension presents with a 2-day history of right calf swelling and pain. Venous duplex ultrasound reveals a right soleal vein thrombosis. He denies history of bleeding, renal disease, and symptoms suggestive of pulmonary embolism (PE). Physical examination is unrevealing except for calf tenderness, redness, warmth, and ...
AlMahameed Amjad - - 2003
A 62-year-old man with a past medical history notable for hypertension, osteoarthritis, and calf deep vein thrombosis at age 55 following a total hip arthroplasty presents to the emergency department with acute-onset dyspnea and right-sided pleuritic chest pains. His medications consist of a calcium channel blocker and a COX-2 inhibitor. ...
Navarro Felipe - - 2003
A 20-year-old otherwise healthy woman on oral contraceptive pills presents with sudden-onset left leg swelling and pain extending from her calf to her groin. Pulmonary embolism symptoms are lacking. Venous duplex ultrasound reveals acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) involving the distal external iliac, common femoral, superficial femoral, and popliteal veins. ...
Parma Matteo - - 2003
Congenital absence of the inferior vena cava (AIVC) has been reported as a risk factor of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in young people. DVT is caused by an interaction between congenital coagulation abnormalities and acquired risk factors. We observed an 18-year-old patient with AIVC who developed recurrent deep vein thrombosis ...
Jagathesan Tania - - 2003
A 34-yr-old male commercial pilot developed a painful swollen right upper arm following an episode of trauma. Venography confirmed the clinical diagnosis of a right axillary deep venous thrombosis. Magnetic resonance imaging suggested the presence of a fibrous tissue band overlying the junction of the right subclavian and innominate veins, ...
Ferreira Gabriela S - - 2003
The diagnosis of venous thromboembolism, which comprises deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, remains challenging. Combining pretest probability of disease with the results of noninvasive testing, such as ventilation-perfusion lung scan and duplex ultrasound, can avoid costly and invasive testing with pulmonary angiography and contrast venography in most patients. Techniques ...
Puggioni Alessandra - - 2003
Deep venous reflux resolution after great saphenous vein surgery has been reported, but the studies evaluated mainly patients with deep segmental reflux. We prospectively analyzed the effects of greater saphenous vein ablation on coexisting primary deep axial venous reflux compared with segmental venous reflux. Patients and methods Between February 1997 ...
Irfan Muhammad - - 2003
Chronic pulmonary thromboembolism is a rare but treatable cause of pulmonary hypertension. We are describing two patients with limited mobility and dyspnoea. Neither of the patients had clinical evidence of deep vein thrombosis. A high level of clinical suspicion is required for the diagnosis. Spiral CT scan establishes the diagnosis ...
Dani S I - - 2003
We describe a 30-year-old male who presented with acute onset of breathlessness, tachycardia, and palpitations associated with distension of jugular vein and clear lungs on physical examination. The chest X-ray was normal and ECG was showing S1Q3T3 and right ventricular strain pattern. His 2-D echocardiography was showing dilated right atrium, ...
Della Valle Craig J - - 2003
Duplex ultrasonography of the deep venous system of the lower extremities is often utilized in the diagnostic evaluation of total hip and knee arthroplasty patients suspected of pulmonary embolism in an attempt to identify the embolic source. A retrospective review of 135 patients who were clinically suspected of pulmonary embolism ...
Arko Frank R - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report successful combined percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and pharmacological lysis for axillosubclavian vein thrombosis, with rapid clot removal at a single setting using low-dose thrombolysis. CASE REPORTS: Two consecutive patients presented with arm swelling; the diagnosis of axillosubclavian vein thrombosis was confirmed with duplex ultrasound. Both patients were treated ...
Harn Stanton D - - 2003
The pterygomandibular space is a critical anatomic area for the delivery of local anesthesia in the practice of dentistry. The neurovascular contents of this area are subject to trauma and its resultant local and systemic complications. This study of 202 cadaveric specimens reaffirms the literature as to the percent distributions ...
Shah Mrugeshkumar K - - 2003
Upper-extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) was an understudied disease until recently. Previously thought of as benign, UEDVT has been shown in recent studies to pose a significant risk for pulmonary embolus and death. This article reviews the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical features, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, and prevention strategies ...
Jacobson Barry F BF Departments of Haematology and Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, and National Health Laboratory Service, - - 2003
As many as 10% of airline passengers travelling without prophylaxis for long distances may develop a venous thrombosis. There is, however, no evidence that economy class travellers are at increased risk of thrombosis. A suitably powered prospective study, based on the incidence of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) reported in previous studies ...
Quinlan Daniel J - - 2003
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review bilateral venograms free of thrombus to evaluate the frequency and types of variations seen in venous anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 404 bilateral (808 limbs) lower limb venograms obtained from medical patients participating in a thromboprophylaxis clinical trial and found to be free ...
Pyrgos George - - 2003
Deep inspiration-induced bronchoprotection appears to be a major mechanism through which airway obstruction by spasmogens is avoided. Loss of bronchoprotection is associated with airway hyper-responsiveness. Individuals with allergic rhinitis and no airway hyperresponsiveness develop obstruction after allergen inhalation. To test the hypothesis that deep inspiration-induced bronchoprotection is not active against ...
Nonaka Hiroko - - 2003
The vascular architecture of the human cerebral deep white matter was studied using soft X-ray and diaphanized specimens, achieved by intra-arterial injection of barium and vascular stain respectively, and also by electron microscopic examination of the corrosion cast of arteries in normal adult brains. The deep white matter arteries passed ...
- - 2003
BACKGROUND: The risk of venous thromboembolism is high after spinal cord injury (SCI). This prospective, multicenter study compared unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) to enoxaparin alone as thromboprophylaxis after SCI. METHODS: Patients with acute SCI were randomly assigned to receive either UFH, 5,000 U every 8 hours, ...
Cho Y P - - 2003
We performed this study to evaluate the efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis with urokinase in treating acute symptomatic iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis associated with protein C and/or S deficiency. A total of 42 consecutive patients with deep venous thrombosis were seen between September 2000 and August 2002. Of these, catheter-directed thrombolysis ...
Ramaiah Venkatesh - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the use of a new percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy device to clear thrombus from the iliofemoral vein. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old woman with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presented to the emergency room with a posterior tibial vein deep vein thrombosis and a greater saphenous vein thrombosis. Heparin therapy caused the ...
Chen Kuan-Hsing - - 2003
Deep vein thrombosis is a common disease among Caucasians but is rare in Asia. Venous thrombosis may be fatal, for example by a pulmonary embolism and right or left atrial thrombosis. Alternatively, deep vein thrombosis may follow a benign pattern such as femoral and popliteal vein thrombosis. Theories abound regarding ...
Honma Satoru - - 2003
An aberrant axillary artery that descended deep beneath the brachial plexus during its course was observed. The artery passed between the lateral and medial cords, as would an ordinary axillary artery, but further passed between the posterior divisions forming the posterior cord. The axillary artery turned medially to emerge from ...
Stein Paul D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Advances in clinical research methods have led to prospective randomized controlled (level 1) clinical studies evaluating diagnostic modalities resulting in a paradigm shift in the literature for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). To assess whether these advances correlate with clinical practice, we analyzed 21-year trends ...
Shah Mrugeshkumar K - - 2003
Upper limb deep vein thrombosis has been an under-recognized disease; however, physicians' awareness of it as a cause of arm pain and edema is increasing. Previously thought of as benign, upper limb deep vein thrombosis has been shown in recent studies to pose a significant risk for pulmonary embolus and ...
LaBan Myron M - - 2003
After joint arthroplasty, the risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism increases exponentially. Inadequate anticoagulation prophylaxis may not sufficiently reduce the risk of thrombosis, whereas excessive anticoagulation therapy may predispose the patient to a bleed. Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage is a relatively rare but potentially catastrophic life-threatening event. An 82-yr-old ...
Tan Kiat Tsong - - 2003
Factor X plays a central role in coagulation, being the point of convergence of the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of blood clotting. It may also act as one of the links between the coagulation and inflammatory pathways. These findings suggest that factor X may represent an attractive target for a ...
von Mering M - - 2003
The outcome of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) depends on rapid diagnosis and initiation of effective anticoagulation. We report seven cases of a subgroup with deep cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (DCVST) treated in our institution since 1990. Six of our seven patients presented with early neuropsychological deficits (mental obtundation, bradyphrenia ...
Giannoukas Athanasios D - - 2003
The objective of this study was to review our diagnostic approach using color duplex scanning (CDS) in the management of symptomatic outpatients with suspected lower limb deep venous thrombosis (DVT). CDS was carried out in 315 consecutive outpatients with unilateral symptoms consistent with DVT. Both limbs were assessed in 205 ...
Sharafuddin Melhem J - - 2003
Acute complications of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities include pulmonary embolism and venous ischemia. Delayed complications include a spectrum of debilitating symptoms referred to as postthrombotic syndrome (PST). Anticoagulation therapy is recognized as the mainstay of therapy in acute DVT. However, there are few data to suggest ...
Bilora F - - 2003
The aim of this study was to verify the degree of atherosclerosis in a group of subjects affected by secondary deep vein thrombosis and in a matched control group. Sixty-three patients were studied. Of these, 19 were cases (mean age 62.2 +/- 1.2) and 16 were controls (mean age 59.3 ...
Rommel Sentiel A - - 2003
Although Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) have relatively low basal metabolic rates for aquatic mammals of their size, they maintain normal mammalian core temperatures. We describe vascular structures in the manatee tail that permit countercurrent heat exchange (CCHE) to conserve thermal energy. Approximately 1000 arteries juxtaposed to 2000 veins are ...
Neglén Peter - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate and short-term outcome of inserted cryopreserved vein valve allografts and the clinical outcome of treated limbs. Twenty-seven cryovalves were inserted in 25 postthrombotic limbs because of active leg ulcer (20 limbs) or severe disabling leg pain (five limbs) as a ...
Shah Mrugeshkumar K - - 2003
Upper-extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) has been understudied in the rehabilitation population. Patients undergoing rehabilitation often have many risk factors that predispose them to DVT. It is important to recognize upper-extremity DVT, because recent studies have shown it to pose a significant risk for pulmonary embolus and death. This is ...
Macdonald P S - - 2003
Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis is often isolated to the sinusoidal veins draining the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. The purpose of this study was to establish the incidence rate of propagation of isolated gastrocnemius and soleal vein thrombosis (IGSVT) into the deep veins of the calf and thigh. All patients ...
Dheer Sachin - - 2003
May-Thurner syndrome, or iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), is a rare but well-described entity. It refers to the formation of venous thrombus caused by compression of the left iliac vein, most commonly between the right iliac artery and lumbar vertebrae. Several variants of IVCS have been described, including unusual presenting ...
Flores Julio - - 2003
CONTEXT: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a potentially fatal and frequent complication of deep venous thrombosis, and the most reliable techniques for the diagnosis of PE are not universally available and have other limitations. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of 4 different fibrinolysis system parameters, namely, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), tissue ...
Pillny Michael - - 2003
Pregnancy and the puerperium are time periods of an increased risk for venous thromboembolism. An ideal treatment should lead to complete restoration of the venous lumen, elimination of the embolic source, and prevention of severe postphlebitic syndrome. Anticoagulation therapy with heparin or thrombectomy are treatment options. In the current literature, ...
Ball Kay - - 2003
A number of deaths from pulmonary embolism caused by deep vein thrombosis (DVT) have been attributed to long-distance airplane travel. Although airplanes provide the most convenient means of long-distance travel, the aircraft environment can take a physical toll on passengers. This article describes the causes and risk factors for discusses ...
Kaboli Peter - - 2003
One of the most common postoperative complications is venous thromboembolism, a term encompassing deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. This article reviews the epidemiology, natural history, difficulties in diagnosis, and strategies for the prevention of postoperative venous thromboembolism. We thoroughly review the currently available methods for thromboprophylaxis including: early ambulation, ...
Dorweiler B - - 2003
Factor V Leiden mutation has emerged as one of the leading abnormalities in inherited blood coagulation disorders, resulting in a markedly increased risk for deep leg vein thrombosis. A 24-year-old woman presented with acute onset of critical ischemia of her left thumb and index finger. Intraarterial angiography revealed an embolus ...
Ichinose Akihiro - - 2003
The free radial forearm flap has two drainage veins, the cutaneous and the deep, but no established consensus has been reached on the selection of the drainage pedicle. In our study, the flow volumes of the veins were examined by colour Doppler ultrasonography after 20 forearm flaps had been raised. ...
Engelhardt Wolfgang - - 2003
Diagnostic work-up of patients sent to the hospital for diagnosing of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) often combines the determination of D-dimer and the application of a clinical probability score. To fulfill diagnostic as well as economic needs, D-dimer assays should exhibit a high negative predictive value (NPV) as well as ...
Hauri D - - 2003
Anastomoses between the dorsal artery of penis and the deep penile artery are necessary for revascularization of penile arteries. Radiologic and anatomic proof is provided. Arterio-arterial anastomosis represents a risk factor for thrombosis. For its exclusion the necessary operative course of action is showed. By building an additional arteriovenous shunt ...
Kroegel Claus - - 2003
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are distinct but related aspects of the same dynamic disease process known as venous thromboembolism (VTE). An estimated 200,000 new cases occur in the United States every year, including 94,000 with PE, resulting in an incidence of 23 per 100,000 patients per ...
Bounameaux Henri - - 2003
The present paper aims at reviewing our present knowledge on the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism with a particular emphasis on clinically suspected outpatients. The various contemporary diagnostic tools (including clinical probability assessment, fibrin D-Dimer measurement, venous compression ultrasonography, ventilation/perfusion lung scintigraphy, helical CT scan, and echocardiography) ...
Betrosian Alex P - - 2003
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a severe adverse effect of heparin therapy. Although most cases occur in patients receiving unfractionated heparin, HIT can arise in venous thrombosis prophylaxis with a low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). We report an uncommon case of HIT in a postoperative orthopedic patient associated with LMWH (nadroparin), complicated by ...
Tanaka Hirohiko - - 2002
Large uterine myomas (compressed veins in the pelvis), and the resulting impaired blood flow have been associated with deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Careful detection of the preoperatively formed thrombi and strict perioperative management, such as in the following cases we report, may reduce lethal pulmonary embolism and may ...
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