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Fancher Tonya L - - 2004
To summarise the evidence supporting the use of rapid d-dimer testing combined with estimation of clinical probability to exclude the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis among outpatients. Medline (June 1993 to December 2003), the Database of Abstracts and Reviews (DARE), and reference lists of studies in English. We selected 12 ...
Recek C - - 2004
Venous reflux is the most common cause of venous hemodynamic disorders. In this paper 2 issues are discussed: how and where does reflux arise and what are the hemodynamic consequences of retrograde flow. Pressure gradient and incompetent vein connecting both poles of the gradient are the prerequisite for venous reflux ...
Benevenia Joseph - - 2004
The records of 47 consecutive patients with metastatic pathologic fractures of the lower extremity were analyzed with respect to thromboembolic complications. All patients were unable to receive pharmacologic deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis, and were stratified into two groups, based on use of an inferior vena cava filter. Group I (n ...
Augustinos Peter - - 2004
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs in one-quarter of a million individuals annually in the United States and results in significant disability from pulmonary embolism and chronic venous insufficiency, especially when the proximal iliofemoral is involved. Treatment has centered on early institution of adequate anticoagulation to prevent thrombus propagation and embolism, ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2004
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and, therefore, pulmonary embolism (PE) are often preventable. Because of the lack of specificity of symptoms and signs, DVT and PE are frequently clinically unsuspected, leading to substantial diagnostic and therapeutic delays and resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, prophylaxis continues to be dramatically underused. ...
Pearce William H - - 2004
Duplex ultrasound has long been the method of choice in the diagnosis and evaluation of deep venous thrombosis and carotid artery stenosis and in monitoring lower extremity bypasses. In recent years, innovative procedures and technology have fostered new applications for duplex ultrasound, such as detection of in-stent stenosis and endoleaks, ...
Nutescu Edith A - - 2004
Anticoagulation is an essential component of the care of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Traditional anticoagulants for the treatment of VTE include unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), and the oral vitamin K antagonist, warfarin. A variety of anticoagulant agents with improved pharmacologic and clinical profiles are emerging and offer ...
Greenwald Uri - - 2004
A case is reported of a 28-year-old female who initially presented with a right iliac deep venous thrombosis of unclear etiology. A stenosis in the iliac vein was seen, but no intrinsic or extrinsic mass was noted on multiple imaging studies. The patient presented 2 years later with right hydronephrosis, ...
Hall Ian R - - 2004
Transradial cardiac catheterization is an increasingly popular technique mainly because of the low vascular complication rate. We report a case of arm deep vein thrombosis that may be related to a common puncture site hemostasis technique. This complication supports the use of specific unilateral compression hemostatic systems following transradial procedures.
Lord Reginald S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Since graduated compression stockings (GCS) reduce the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in both hospital and ambulant patients, we checked the compressive efficiency of 20-30 mmHg GCS in the standing position. METHODS: In 30 volunteers (17 normal legs, 13 varicose legs), duplex ultrasound was used to measure the ...
Zhou Wei - - 2004
We report a case of radiation-induced venous stenosis after pelvic irradiation to treat Paget's disease of the scrotum. During therapeutic anticoagulation, significant left lower extremity swelling developed due to an iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). After percutaneous thrombectomy and thrombolysis, a high-grade stenosis was uncovered in the left external iliac ...
Omeonu, SO; ;
OBJECTIVE: The importance of early diagnosis and treatment of deep vein thrombosis in patients with fractures of long bones INTRODUCTION: Associated injury to deep-veins in limb fractures presents a serious pathology. It results not only to localized venous occlusion but also to death from pulmonary embolism. Thrombosis of deep-veins occurs ...
Ramzi Dino W - - 2004
Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. About 30 percent of patients with deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism have ...
Riambau Vicente - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual case involving thrombosis in an aortic endograft limb following microwave therapy (MWT) for lumbar pain. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old man had successful repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a Vanguard endograft. He had been free of complications during the 3-year follow-up. Five days after ...
Warkentin T E - - 2004
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is of special interest to vascular surgeons as heparin is the predominant anticoagulant used before, during, and after vascular surgery. Further, the prothrombotic nature of this antibody-mediated disorder leads to a high frequency of limb ischemia due to large arterial occlusion by platelet-rich ("white") clots or because ...
Bulger Christopher M - - 2004
Although the factors leading to venous thrombosis have been known for over a century, Virchow's initial model of thrombosis has been extensively refined. Activated coagulation is now recognized to be of primary importance in venous thrombogenesis; the concept of venous injury has been expanded to include molecular changes in the ...
Mohren Martin - - 2004
Thromboembolic complications following splenectomy for hematologic diseases occur in up to 10% of patients and may range from portal vein thrombosis (PVT) to pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Up to now there exist no recommendations for the duration and intensity of prophylactic anticoagulation, which usually follows local ...
Kibbe Melina R - - 2004
May-Thurner syndrome is a well-recognized anatomic variant that is associated with the development of symptomatic acute venous thrombosis of the left iliac vein. However, the natural frequency of compression of the left iliac vein and its clinical significance in asymptomatic disease has not been established. Therefore the purpose of this ...
Cone Lawrence A - - 2004
An older female underwent bariatric surgery which was followed by a significant weight loss and diarrhea, from which C. difficile was isolated just before her hospitalization. Less than 48 hours after admission, she became febrile, developed deep venous thrombosis of the leg and a pulmonary embolus. Blood cultures grew out ...
Stein Paul D - - 2004
The rates of diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism (PE), and venous thromboembolism (PE and/or deep venous thrombosis) and the mortality rate of PE in hospitalized patients were evaluated in 4 regions of the United States. Data are from the National Hospital Discharge Survey and the United States Bureau ...
Covin R B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Up to 36 percent of blood donors may experience a donation-related complication. Fatigue, bruises, hematomas, and vasovagal reactions comprise the great majority of donor reactions and injuries. Serious complications are rare. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old female taking the third-generation oral contraceptive desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol and ethinyl estradiol (Mircette) developed bruising ...
Stein Paul D - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess the rate of diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and venous thromboembolism; the incidence in hospitalized patients; and mortality from pulmonary embolism among Asians/Pacific Islanders in the United States. METHODS: The number of patients discharged from hospitals with a diagnostic code for pulmonary embolism or deep ...
Dodick D W - - 2004
Triptans are effective and well tolerated in the treatment of acute migraine. Chest symptoms are a common adverse effect unrelated to coronary vasoconstriction in most patients. Although the aetiology of chest symptoms remains to be fully defined, pulmonary vasoconstriction is a possible underlying mechanism. Pre-clinical studies of isolated human blood ...
Maheshwar Arcot A - - 2004
The roof of the parapharyngeal space (PPS) is poorly defined. Although it is generally described as having prestyloid and poststyloid compartments, we believe that these terms are imprecise. Therefore, we define its boundaries, partition, and compartments. We completed macroanatomical and microanatomical dissections in 10 specimens from 5 human cadaver heads; ...
Ferrari Emile - - 2004
There is increasing evidence that prolonged travel may be associated with the development of venous thromboembolic disease: ie deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. The data from case reports, retrospective reviews and case control studies have been confirmed by prospective studies. There have been several prospective studies of subjects embarking ...
Chung Jin Wook - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the spectrum of underlying anatomic abnormalities in iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) by spiral computed tomographic (CT) venography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the past 4 years, 56 patients with acute iliofemoral DVT have been evaluated by CT venography at our institution. Forty-four patients had left-sided DVT, nine ...
Fraser James D - - 2004
Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are common problems and frequently included in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting to the emergency department and in the acute care setting. Clinical signs and symptoms of these entities are nonspecific and it is important to perform objective testing to confirm the diagnosis ...
Malhotra S - - 2004
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is a rare thrombotic disorder (1-4% or all DVT), but it has a potential for considerable morbidity in the form of pulmonary embolism, persistent upper extremity pain and swelling, superior vena cava syndrome and loss of vascular access. Newer non-invasive methods such as duplex ...
Stein Paul D - - 2004
Reports of seasonal variation of the incidence of pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis are inconsistent as to when or if it occurs. We used data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey and the United States (US) Bureau of the Census to test for circannual variation throughout the entire US ...
Modrall J Gregory - - 2004
Deep thigh veins, including the superficial femoral, superficial femoropopliteal, and profunda femoris veins, are versatile autogenous conduits for arterial reconstruction. Although late venous complications are unusual, deep vein harvest may induce severe venous hypertension and predispose the limb to acute compartment syndrome. The purpose of this study was to define ...
Katz Douglas S - - 2004
Pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) are a continuum and are difficult to diagnose clinically. Combined CT venography and pulmonary angiography (CTVPA) is a single examination that combines multidetector CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and CT venography (CTV) of the abdomen, pelvis, and lower extremities, providing "one-stop shopping" for ...
Morris Rhys J - - 2004
To summarize the currently published scientific evidence for the venous flow effects of mechanical devices, particularly intermittent pneumatic compression, and the relation to prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). While intermittent pneumatic compression is an established method of DVT prophylaxis, the variety of systems that are available can use very ...
Yun Sang Seob - - 2004
We present a case of suprarenal and infrarenal absence of the inferior vena cava, combined with hyperhomocysteinemia in a 39-year-old woman who presented with symptoms of deep venous thrombosis. The patient also had a homozygous mutation of C677T methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. Deep vein thrombosis has a multifactorial etiology involving both genetic ...
Samman Yaseen S - - 2004
A previously healthy 37-y-old male presented with community-acquired pneumonia and extensive upper limb deep vein thrombosis. The diagnosis of Legionella pneumonia was made based on a positive direct immunofluorescence of the bronchial wash. An extensive investigation for hypercoagulable states was negative. The possible association between Legionella infection and deep vein ...
Okolokulak E - - 2004
PURPOSE: The study of the features of the blood supply of a penis of the man. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Macromicropreparation, angiography, corrosion method, morphometry, statistical method. RESULTS: The penis has three venous collector-executing outflow of blood. First of them is submitted surface dorsal vein, which is shaped from small-sized venous ...
Levrier O - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM) are assumed to be related to the persistence of the embryonic median prosencephalic vein of Markowski, which does not involute in cases of VGAM and becomes the venous collector of the shunt, characteristic of the malformation. The arterial feeders of VGAMs are all ...
Danielsson Gudmundur - - 2003
We undertook this cross-sectional study to investigate the distribution of venous reflux and effect of axial reflux in superficial and deep veins and to determine the clinical value of quantifying peak reverse flow velocity and reflux time in limbs with chronic venous disease. Four hundred one legs (127 with skin ...
Blauwet Lori A - - 2003
Thromboendarterectomy is performed to treat chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension with obstruction of main, lobar, or segmental pulmonary arteries. The present study evaluated surgical specimens removed between 1990 and 2001. Medical histories and microscopic slides were reviewed in each case. Study slides were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Verhoeff-van Gieson ...
Andrew Thomas A - - 2003
The authors present a case of sudden death in a previously healthy 36-year-old male. At autopsy there were bilateral pulmonary thromboemboli and right ventricular dilatation. Histologic findings in the lungs included recanalized, old thrombi and evidence of pulmonary hypertension. Genetic analysis for hereditary risk factors was heterozygous positive for the ...
Sudo A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To document the incidence of proximal deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in 58 consecutive Japanese patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Patients were routinely examined for proximal deep vein thrombosis by B-mode ultrasonography before and after surgery. Those patients who had ultrasonographic findings of ...
Hsu Geng-Long - - 2003
The human penile venous system has been well studied and described but the demonstration of extra venous channels in imaging films prompted us to seek refinement of our anatomical knowledge of this venous system. Cavernosography in 37 patients who had venous stripping surgery and now suffered recurrent erectile dysfunction consistently ...
Quenet Sara - - 2003
Superficial vein thrombosis may be complicated with venous thromboembolism. We examined factors predictive of venous thromboembolism in superficial vein thrombosis, which, to our knowledge, had not been prospectively studied before. We performed post hoc analysis of the STENOX trial, a prospective randomized controlled trial that investigated various antithrombotic therapies in ...
Deitcher Steven R - - 2003
A 50-year-old man with hypertension presents with a 2-day history of right calf swelling and pain. Venous duplex ultrasound reveals a right soleal vein thrombosis. He denies history of bleeding, renal disease, and symptoms suggestive of pulmonary embolism (PE). Physical examination is unrevealing except for calf tenderness, redness, warmth, and ...
AlMahameed Amjad - - 2003
A 62-year-old man with a past medical history notable for hypertension, osteoarthritis, and calf deep vein thrombosis at age 55 following a total hip arthroplasty presents to the emergency department with acute-onset dyspnea and right-sided pleuritic chest pains. His medications consist of a calcium channel blocker and a COX-2 inhibitor. ...
Navarro Felipe - - 2003
A 20-year-old otherwise healthy woman on oral contraceptive pills presents with sudden-onset left leg swelling and pain extending from her calf to her groin. Pulmonary embolism symptoms are lacking. Venous duplex ultrasound reveals acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) involving the distal external iliac, common femoral, superficial femoral, and popliteal veins. ...
Parma Matteo - - 2003
Congenital absence of the inferior vena cava (AIVC) has been reported as a risk factor of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in young people. DVT is caused by an interaction between congenital coagulation abnormalities and acquired risk factors. We observed an 18-year-old patient with AIVC who developed recurrent deep vein thrombosis ...
Jagathesan Tania - - 2003
A 34-yr-old male commercial pilot developed a painful swollen right upper arm following an episode of trauma. Venography confirmed the clinical diagnosis of a right axillary deep venous thrombosis. Magnetic resonance imaging suggested the presence of a fibrous tissue band overlying the junction of the right subclavian and innominate veins, ...
Ferreira Gabriela S - - 2003
The diagnosis of venous thromboembolism, which comprises deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, remains challenging. Combining pretest probability of disease with the results of noninvasive testing, such as ventilation-perfusion lung scan and duplex ultrasound, can avoid costly and invasive testing with pulmonary angiography and contrast venography in most patients. Techniques ...
Puggioni Alessandra - - 2003
Deep venous reflux resolution after great saphenous vein surgery has been reported, but the studies evaluated mainly patients with deep segmental reflux. We prospectively analyzed the effects of greater saphenous vein ablation on coexisting primary deep axial venous reflux compared with segmental venous reflux. Patients and methods Between February 1997 ...
Irfan Muhammad - - 2003
Chronic pulmonary thromboembolism is a rare but treatable cause of pulmonary hypertension. We are describing two patients with limited mobility and dyspnoea. Neither of the patients had clinical evidence of deep vein thrombosis. A high level of clinical suspicion is required for the diagnosis. Spiral CT scan establishes the diagnosis ...
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