Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 800
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Fukuda N - - 1995
To clarify the characteristics of the first heart sound in atrial septal defect (ASD) and its pathophysiological basis, 17 patients with ASD associated with incomplete right bundle branch block (IRBBB) and 7 with isolated IRBBB were studied using phonoechocardiography and Doppler echocardiography. Fifteen of the 17 ASD patients also were ...
Kaulitz R - - 1995
In young patients with Ebstein's anomaly and symptoms of congestive heart failure or severe cyanosis tricuspid valve repair may be unsuccessful and prosthetic valve replacement is needed, which is associated with a high operative mortality. This report describes the implantation of a valved aortic homograft as a conduit between right ...
Shapira Y - - 1995
A new sign for the detection of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is described. The systolic displacement of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery during coronary angiography in left anterior oblique (LAO) view was quantitatively calculated in 3 groups of 20 patients each with either TR, mitral stenosis, or normal coronary arteriograms. ...
Tatebe S - - 1995
Detachment of the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve is an alternative technique for obtaining complete visualization of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) in cases where the VSD is obscured by the chordae tendineae or a pouch formation of the septal leaflet. This method presents theoretical concerns because it ...
Dervanian P - - 1995
A case of calcified tricuspid valve stenosis resulting from a complication of ventriculoatrial shunt implantation is presented. Tricuspid valve repair or replacement was not possible because of the prohibitive risk of damaging the right atrioventricular junction and conductive pathways. This rare lesion was treated successfully by insertion of an external ...
Sklansky M S - - 1995
Fetal echocardiography can reliably assess visceroatrial situs, ventricular morphology, and atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial alignments. The echocardiographic findings of this case were consistent with visceroatrial situs solitus, atrioventricular alignment discordance, and ventriculoarterial alignment concordance. This arrangement is almost always associated with ventricular inversion, or L-looped ventricles, and has therefore been widely ...
Fukunaga S - - 1995
A pump circuit was assembled and examined for use as an implantable artificial heart. The circuit consisted of a gear pump and 4 artificial heart valves. Mitral and pulmonary arterial valves were placed at the inflow port of the pump, and aortic and tricuspid valves were placed at the outflow ...
Shirani J - - 1995
Primary left ventricular mural abscess was detected by transesophageal echocardiography and was confirmed at necropsy in a 44-year-old woman with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and cerebrovascular embolism. In two occasions, transthoracic echocardiography failed to show the mural abscess in this patient. Because of the aggressive nature of primary mural endocarditis, early ...
Raviprasad G S - - 1995
A 71-year-old woman presented with congestive heart failure due to severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitations. In addition, she had significant ostial right coronary stenosis. She received radiation therapy following left radical mastectomy for carcinoma of breast in the past. She underwent successful combined mitral valve replacement, tricuspid annuloplasty, and coronary ...
Atalay S - - 1995
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) due to chordal rupture is a rare condition in newborns. We present a newborn with critical TR. Cross-sectional echocardiography demonstrated a dense, mobile mass localized at the tricuspid valve and resembling an atrial thrombus or myxoma. At operation, ruptured chordae tendineae of the tricuspid valve were found, ...
Waldman J D - - 1995
Mortality is high for children with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and important connections between the right ventricle and the coronary arteries because of myocardial ischemia: in systole, suprasystemic right ventricular pressure delivers deoxygenated blood to the coronary artery (or arteries) and in diastole, the right ventricle provides a lower ...
Waller B F - - 1995
This three-part article examines the histologic and morphologic basis for stenotic and purely regurgitant tricuspid valves. In Part III, morphometric analysis of tricuspid valve annular circumference, leaflet area, and the product of annular circumference and leaflet area are shown to be useful in establishing etiology for the purely regurgitant tricuspid ...
Davis L M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Mapping of the right free wall in patients with accessory pathways is difficult compared with that of the left free wall where the coronary sinus permits stable and accurate location of the electrodes used for endocardial mapping. Furthermore, the sequential roving catheter method is less satisfactory than multiple simultaneous ...
Gatzoulis M A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that transient right ventricular restriction after tetralogy of Fallot repair prolongs postoperative course. This is a prospective study of right ventricular diastolic performance in late follow-up patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied biventricular function, using Doppler echocardiographic examination. Pulmonary arterial, tricuspid, and mitral valves and ...
Waller B F - - 1995
This three-part article examines the histologic and morphologic basis for stenotic and purely regurgitant tricuspid valves. In Part I, conditions producing tricuspid valve stenosis were reviewed. In Part II, conditions producing pure tricuspid regurgitation are discussed. In contrast to the relatively few causes of tricuspid stenosis, the causes of pure ...
Respondek M - - 1995
Fetal echocardiograms were evaluated in 315 studies performed in 107 fetuses exposed to indomethacin. In the majority of cases, the results of the fetal echocardiography study were within normal limits (74%). The most common abnormal phenomena were tricuspid valve regurgitation (10%), ductal constriction (6%), tricuspid valve regurgitation and ductal constriction ...
Gilron I - - 1995
This clinical report illustrates a monitoring complication due to a pulsatile femoral vein from tricuspid regurgitation. In this case, the femoral vein of a patient was inadvertently cannulated and exhibited a pulsatile tracing which was mistaken for an arterial pressure tracing. This led to the initial inappropriate use of vasopressors ...
Waller B F - - 1995
This three-part article examines the histologic and morphologic basis for stenotic and purely regurgitant tricuspid valves. In Part I, conditions producing tricuspid valve stenosis are reviewed. In over 90% of stenotic tricuspid valves, the etiology is rheumatic disease. In isolated tricuspid stenosis, the etiology is either carcinoid or congenital. Rare ...
Fedderly R T - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study reviewed our experience with percutaneous balloon valvotomy in infants with critical pulmonary stenosis or membranous pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and defined the anatomic and hemodynamic characteristics of infants in whom this procedure is successful and provides definitive therapy. BACKGROUND: Unlike children with valvular pulmonary stenosis, ...
Abramson S V - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine which echocardiographic views most reliably demonstrate the maximum velocity of a tricuspid regurgitant jet in the evaluation of pulmonary artery systolic pressure. Consecutive patients seen in three echocardiographic laboratories during a 3-month period were enrolled. A complete Doppler examination was performed on ...
Gentles T L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Frequently the definitive operation for patients with a right ventricle (RV) that is too small to support full cardiac output is a modified Fontan operation. However, other surgical options exist that incorporate a small RV in the atriopulmonary pathway when biventricular repair is not feasible because of RV or ...
Ohri S K - - 1994
A woman who had carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease underwent tricuspid and pulmonary valve replacements with a xenograft and a cryopreserved allograft, respectively. Within 3 months of the operation severe pulmonary regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension refractory to medical therapy developed. Autopsy found the biomechanical tricuspid valve to be free ...
Tuñon J - - 1994
Colour Doppler echocardiographic (CDE) assessment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has been limited by the lack of an accepted model against which it can be compared. Angiography is said to be inadequate because catheter placement across the tricuspid valve could induce artifactual TR. Thirty-five consecutive patients with left-sided valvulopathy and recent ...
Purkiss S F - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes of flow in the hepatic artery and portal vein of patients undergoing tricuspid valve repair together with mitral valve replacement. DESIGN: Non-randomised parallel group study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: 18 patients with mitral valve disease with or without tricuspid regurgitation (age range 46-73; six ...
Rockman H A - - 1994
The present study reports the development and characterization of a murine model of right ventricular dysfunction following graded constriction in the pulmonary artery via microsurgical approaches. To analyze in vivo ventricular function, a technique of x-ray contrast microangiography was developed to allow the quantitative analysis of ventricular volumes and of ...
Chaoui R - - 1994
The echocardiographic findings and clinical courses in 19 fetuses with marked cardiomegaly [heart length, width, area, cardiothoracic ratio, heart/thoracic area (CTA) ratio > 2 SD] were reviewed. An abnormal heart was the reason for referral in 16 cases of 19 (84.2%). The mean gestational age was 31.5 weeks at detection. ...
Duran C M - - 1994
Contrary to general opinion, the tricuspid valve remains a challenge in terms of its precise diagnosis, indications, and appropriate surgical treatment. This is due to: (1) its relatively low incidence, (2) its functions in a low pressure system, (3) its close relation to right ventricular function, and (4) it following ...
Cohn L H - - 1994
The etiology of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in North American patients with mitral valve disease is almost entirely nonrheumatic functional dilatation of the tricuspid annulus. In mild TR, no operative therapy is necessary since relief of the left sided valve lesion will suffice to bring the pulmonary pressure down and, consequently, ...
Aoyagi S - - 1994
A 43-year-old woman with rheumatic heart disease underwent replacement of the aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves using three SJM prostheses. Despite adequate warfarin therapy, routine cineradiography performed on the 40th postoperative day showed one of the leaflets of the tricuspid prosthesis to be "stuck" in the semiclosing position. A thrombosis ...
Yamazaki K - - 1993
For surgical management of Ebstein's anomaly, a new technique of tricuspid valve replacement on the true annulus, avoiding injury to the conduction system, has been developed. At operation, the valve fixation sutures are placed around the true annulus except for a part of Koch's triangle. A 3 x 3 cm ...
Hopkins W E - - 1993
Abnormalities of the left atrioventricular (AV) (tricuspid) valve and pulmonic stenosis are part of the spectrum of manifestations in patients with corrected transposition of the great arteries (L-TGA). However, the utility of Doppler color flow imaging combined with two-dimensional echocardiography in L-TGA has not been established. Thus, we evaluated 14 ...
Danford D A - - 1993
Correlative echocardiographic and pathological findings in a thoracopagus with conjoined hearts are reported. One twin had tricuspid atresia with discordant atrioventricular connections and concordant ventriculoarterial connections. The morphologic right ventricle was hypoplastic and there was a large muscular ventricular septal defect. The other twin had hypoplasia of the mitral valve ...
Bortolotti U - - 1993
We report on a patient who developed tricuspid valve endocarditis on a permanent endocardial pacemaker lead. At operation the endocardial lead was removed and accurate debridement of the tricuspid tissue was performed. Tricuspid valve reconstruction included commissural plication and the construction of artificial polytetrafluoroethylene chordae from the anterior leaflet to ...
Stellin G - - 1993
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is a disorder that involves the whole right ventricle. An associated Ebstein deformity of the tricuspid valve is found in 10% of the cases, further complicating the anatomy and the function of the right ventricle. From January 1966 to December 1990, pulmonary atresia, intact ...
Hunt G B - - 1993
A modified open patch-graft technique was used to correct congenital pulmonic stenosis in 8 dogs. Pulmonary valve dysplasia was moderate to severe in all cases, based upon clinical and echocardiographic criteria, and 3 dogs were in right-sided congestive heart failure at the time of surgery. Seven of the 8 dogs ...
Lee K S - - 1993
We report the case of a 67-year-old man with vertebral-basilar arterial insufficiency who had been receiving warfarin therapy for approximately 2 years. The patient presented with a 3-week history of weight gain, abdominal distension, and mild exertional dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography confirmed the presence of a large circumferential pericardial effusion with ...
Thomas W P - - 1993
Recommendations are presented for standardized imaging planes and display conventions for two-dimensional echocardiography in the dog and cat. Three transducer locations ("windows") provide access to consistent imaging planes: the right parasternal location, the left caudal (apical) parasternal location, and the left cranial parasternal location. Recommendations for image display orientations are ...
Hanley F L - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to determine the optimal therapeutic interventions by risk-adjusted comparisons of early and intermediate-term outcomes. BACKGROUND: The variety of interventions and the small case load at individual institutions have delayed the generation of reliable information concerning therapy for this condition. METHODS: In this prospective 27-institution study, 101 ...
Johnson T L - - 1993
We describe two cases of worsening tricuspid regurgitation following surgical pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. Both patients demonstrated hemodynamic profiles characteristic of constrictive pericarditis on cardiac catheterization. They also had moderate tricuspid regurgitation as judged by Doppler echocardiography. The worsening tricuspid regurgitation observed was a result of postoperative right ventricular dilatation. ...
Groves P H - - 1993
The development of late tricuspid regurgitation following mitral valve replacement is accompanied by a severe reduction in exercise capacity and a poor functional outcome. In this study, we compared the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of two matched groups with (n = 13) and without (n = 13) clinically significant tricuspid ...
Guntheroth W G - - 1993
The prenatal diagnosis of pulmonary atresia is of particular importance because the affected neonate may be dependent on ductal blood flow to the lung, requiring urgent administration of prostaglandins. We review eight cases studied by ultrasonography in utero. Severe tricuspid regurgitation was present in six fetuses. Right ventricular size varied ...
Isobe M - - 1993
A 26-year-old man having chronic constrictive pericarditis with rare complications is described. Right ventricular inflow obstruction was caused by an intracavity giant mass which was surrounded by thick calcified pericardium. The mass consisted of old bloody fluid with some calcified tissue. The findings of auscultation closely mimicked those of tricuspid ...
Fantidis P - - 1993
A study of 31 dogs, divided into two groups, was conducted to compare direct atrioventricular with atriopulmonary connection using a valved conduit to treat tricuspid atresia. The first group (n = 9) acted as controls. In the second group (n = 22), an experimental model was established for direct atrioventricular ...
Knott-Craig C J - - 1993
The maximum cross-sectional area of the central pulmonary arteries indexed to the body surface area (pulmonary artery index [PAI]) was measured preoperatively from angiograms in 173 patients evaluated for a Fontan-type operation between 1981 and June 1989. Of these, 34 patients underwent another palliative procedure, 8 primarily on the basis ...
Jobic Y - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and the characteristics of physiological valve regurgitation. DESIGN: Pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography, continuous wave Doppler echocardiography and Doppler colour flow mapping were performed prospectively in healthy volunteers. SETTING: Echocardiography laboratory in a city hospital. PATIENTS: 32 consecutive healthy volunteers (age 21-49 years, mean age 29.4). ...
Saito T - - 1993
We report herein the case of a 42-year-old man in whom dyspnea on exertion was found to be caused by isolated tricuspid stenosis. Two-dimensional echocardiogram showed thickening of the tricuspid valve with a markedly enlarged right atrium. A color-flow Doppler examination-revealed severe tricuspid stenosis without regurgitation and a Doppler-derived tricuspid ...
Tan J - - 1992
Assessment of cardiac dimensions of the chambers, great arteries and veins in the human fetus is important to distinguish abnormal dimensions from normal. This study establishes normal values based on cross-sectional echocardiographic measurements over the gestational period where these measurements may be clinically useful. Ventricular and atrial dimensions were measured ...
Cook D J - - 1992
Tricuspid valve stenosis in the setting of endocarditis is associated with a high morbidity. Diagnostic approaches incorporate a high clinical index of suspicion, echocardiographic evidence, and inferences about hemodynamic data derived from pulmonary artery catheterization. As demonstrated by the case presented herein, inadequate initial evaluation of right-sided pressures delayed the ...
Castaneda A R - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Aristotle's and Galen's erroneous understanding of the circulation eventually was rectified, mostly by Colombo and Harvey, who in the 16th and 17th centuries, respectively, provided the foundation to our present knowledge of the pulmonary and systemic circulation. The "indispensability" of the right ventricle was not questioned until the 20th ...
Kleikamp G - - 1992
Valvular lesions following blunt thoracic trauma are uncommon. Tricuspid valve regurgitation occurs very rarely. We report a successful tricuspid valve reconstruction for rupture of the chordae tendineae in a young man nine years after a motor vehicle accident. The value of echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography for the diagnosis and quantification ...
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