Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 820
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Stark S I - - 1996
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with a right ventricular (RV) cardiomyopathy has only rarely been successful. This report demonstrates reentrant VT in the setting of RV cardiomyopathy in which the tricuspid valve annulus acted as one of the barriers of an isthmus of slow conduction, ...
Grant J W - - 1996
The occurrence of familial heart disease in association with tricuspid atresia is rare. The first reported instance of tricuspid atresia and Ebstein's anomaly in siblings is presented. The presence of these two distinct pathologic variants of tricuspid valve malformations in siblings suggests that these malformations result from a common abnormality ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate bioprosthetic valve dysfunction in the tricuspid position by serial Doppler echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Few reports on the long-term results of tricuspid valve replacement with bioprosthetic valves are evaluated by serial Doppler echocardiography. METHODS: Between September 1979 and December 1993, 95 patients underwent tricuspid valve replacement ...
Stewart D L - - 1996
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of two-dimensional and contrast echocardiograms to identify venous cannula position. Sequential sampling of 20 infants was evaluated by contrast echocardiography after meeting institutional criteria for extracorporeal life support. Each infant was placed on venovenous extracorporeal life support using a double-lumen ...
Gildein H P - - 1996
Critical pulmonary valve stenosis represents an emergency, and immediate treatment is mandatory. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate and medium-term results of pulmonary valve dilatation. We report 18 neonates in whom pulmonary valvuloplasty was attempted. The procedure could be accomplished in 14 patients. The angiographically determined ...
Miyamoto A T - - 1996
A detailed technique is described to safely inspect visually the function of the atrioventricular (mitral, common atrioventricular, or tricuspid) valve in the beating, fully loaded, but not ejecting left or right ventricle. The heartbeat is reestablished while the ascending aorta is kept cross-clamped and air from the ascending aorta is ...
Carrel T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve insufficiency secondary to structural anomalies of the valve itself or to an iatrogenic complication of the Rashkind procedure is very rarely associated with transposition of the the great arteries. This condition represents an interesting perioperative challenge. Rapid restoration of the tricuspid valve to a low-pressure system by ...
Chiu W C - - 1996
This case report demonstrates the utility of transesophageal echocardiography in the rapid diagnosis of cardiac injury from blunt thoracic trauma. Initial transesophageal echocardiography identified a flail tricuspid valve leaflet and regurgitation in a patient with jugular venous distention and hemodynamic instability. Progressive hypoxemia prompted repeat transesophageal echocardiography with contrast enhancement, ...
van Son J A - - 1996
The cases of five patients with previous Senning (n = 4) or Mustard (n = 1) operations and failing systemic ventricles in whom banding of the pulmonary artery was performed as an interim step toward an arterial switch procedure are reported. The rise in the ratio of left to right ...
Wilson N J - - 1996
The aim of the study was to assess echocardiographic measurements of right ventricular function in 24 patients aged 10.7 to 28.9 years (mean 18.9 years) receiving the Mustard baffle repair for transposition of the great arteries. Right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) from single-plane areas and area length volumes, pulsed Doppler ...
Watanabe T - - 1996
Although papillary fibroelastoma is rare, it is the most common primary tumor of the heart valves. We describe herein the case of a 64-year-old woman scheduled to undergo atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, in whom a papillary fibroelastoma of the tricuspid valve was diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Surgical resection ...
Hvass U - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Some mitral lesions are still out of reach of conventional repairs. Transferring the posterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve with its subvalvular apparatus to the mitral valve is a new autograft technique which has allowed us a conservative approach in cases where repair seemed less predictable. METHODS: After removing ...
Uemura H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the precise anatomic arrangement of the annular attachment of a common atrioventricular valve in the setting of visceral heterotaxy. METHODS: One hundred and twelve autopsied specimens with isomeric atrial appendages were studied. RESULTS: Annular hinge points with a planar orientation were found in only 7 hearts. All ...
Lange R - - 1996
Tricuspid valve endocardititis is treated surgically by total valve excision or valve replacement. Both procedures are controversial with regard to the hemodynamic consequences and to the long-term prognosis. In the following, results of tricuspid valve repair in acute infective endocarditis are reported and discussed as an additional treatment option. Between ...
Miga Daniel E. - - 1996
Aneurysms of the aortic and mitral valve are a known complication of infective endocarditis in adults. We report an unusual case of tricuspid valve endocarditis in a child with resultant aneurysm formation as its presenting finding after a brief clinical course. (ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, Volume 13, January 1996)
Poveda J J - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study analyzes the possible predictive power of different clinical and hemodynamic parameters with regard to hospital mortality after the first tricuspid valve replacement. METHODS: A retrospective study of 62 consecutive patients undergoing tricuspid valve replacement from 1974 to 1994 (7.2% of all tricuspid ...
Silverman N H - - 1995
We defined the morphology of the left atrioventricular valve in Ebstein's malformation associated with congenitally corrected transposition to elucidate the approach to diagnosis by echocardiography. We found 14 unequivocal cases out of a total of 3,720 specimens. We noted the atrial arrangement, displacement, and nature of the tricuspid leaflets, and ...
Ahmadi A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery banding, originally introduced to palliate increased pulmonary blood flow, is now primarily used for complex congenital cardiac defects with a prohibitive risk in the early repair, such as tricuspid atresia, or occasionally to prepare the left ventricle for eventual arterial switch. Conventional banding is, however, often poorly ...
Sharma R - - 1995
A total of 202 patients (62 with tricuspid atresia and 140 without tricuspid atresia) underwent univentricular repair at our unit from January 1990 to September 1994. Of these patients, 182 had nonfenestrated and 20 had fenestrated interatrial baffles. Early mortality was 15.9% (29/182) in the group with nonfenestrated baffles and ...
Goel S I - - 1995
A 26-year-old male presented with increasing dyspnoea and exertional palpitations of 2 months duration. The clinical and echo evaluation revealed severe stenosis of the mitral, aortic, and tricuspid valves. Concurrent percutaneous dilatation of all three valves was done as a single stage procedure. The procedure was successful and produced significant ...
Fukuda N - - 1995
To clarify the characteristics of the first heart sound in atrial septal defect (ASD) and its pathophysiological basis, 17 patients with ASD associated with incomplete right bundle branch block (IRBBB) and 7 with isolated IRBBB were studied using phonoechocardiography and Doppler echocardiography. Fifteen of the 17 ASD patients also were ...
Kaulitz R - - 1995
In young patients with Ebstein's anomaly and symptoms of congestive heart failure or severe cyanosis tricuspid valve repair may be unsuccessful and prosthetic valve replacement is needed, which is associated with a high operative mortality. This report describes the implantation of a valved aortic homograft as a conduit between right ...
Shapira Y - - 1995
A new sign for the detection of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is described. The systolic displacement of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery during coronary angiography in left anterior oblique (LAO) view was quantitatively calculated in 3 groups of 20 patients each with either TR, mitral stenosis, or normal coronary arteriograms. ...
Tatebe S - - 1995
Detachment of the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve is an alternative technique for obtaining complete visualization of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) in cases where the VSD is obscured by the chordae tendineae or a pouch formation of the septal leaflet. This method presents theoretical concerns because it ...
Dervanian P - - 1995
A case of calcified tricuspid valve stenosis resulting from a complication of ventriculoatrial shunt implantation is presented. Tricuspid valve repair or replacement was not possible because of the prohibitive risk of damaging the right atrioventricular junction and conductive pathways. This rare lesion was treated successfully by insertion of an external ...
Sklansky M S - - 1995
Fetal echocardiography can reliably assess visceroatrial situs, ventricular morphology, and atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial alignments. The echocardiographic findings of this case were consistent with visceroatrial situs solitus, atrioventricular alignment discordance, and ventriculoarterial alignment concordance. This arrangement is almost always associated with ventricular inversion, or L-looped ventricles, and has therefore been widely ...
Fukunaga S - - 1995
A pump circuit was assembled and examined for use as an implantable artificial heart. The circuit consisted of a gear pump and 4 artificial heart valves. Mitral and pulmonary arterial valves were placed at the inflow port of the pump, and aortic and tricuspid valves were placed at the outflow ...
Shirani J - - 1995
Primary left ventricular mural abscess was detected by transesophageal echocardiography and was confirmed at necropsy in a 44-year-old woman with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and cerebrovascular embolism. In two occasions, transthoracic echocardiography failed to show the mural abscess in this patient. Because of the aggressive nature of primary mural endocarditis, early ...
Raviprasad G S - - 1995
A 71-year-old woman presented with congestive heart failure due to severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitations. In addition, she had significant ostial right coronary stenosis. She received radiation therapy following left radical mastectomy for carcinoma of breast in the past. She underwent successful combined mitral valve replacement, tricuspid annuloplasty, and coronary ...
Atalay S - - 1995
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) due to chordal rupture is a rare condition in newborns. We present a newborn with critical TR. Cross-sectional echocardiography demonstrated a dense, mobile mass localized at the tricuspid valve and resembling an atrial thrombus or myxoma. At operation, ruptured chordae tendineae of the tricuspid valve were found, ...
Waldman J D - - 1995
Mortality is high for children with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and important connections between the right ventricle and the coronary arteries because of myocardial ischemia: in systole, suprasystemic right ventricular pressure delivers deoxygenated blood to the coronary artery (or arteries) and in diastole, the right ventricle provides a lower ...
Waller B F - - 1995
This three-part article examines the histologic and morphologic basis for stenotic and purely regurgitant tricuspid valves. In Part III, morphometric analysis of tricuspid valve annular circumference, leaflet area, and the product of annular circumference and leaflet area are shown to be useful in establishing etiology for the purely regurgitant tricuspid ...
Davis L M - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Mapping of the right free wall in patients with accessory pathways is difficult compared with that of the left free wall where the coronary sinus permits stable and accurate location of the electrodes used for endocardial mapping. Furthermore, the sequential roving catheter method is less satisfactory than multiple simultaneous ...
Gatzoulis M A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that transient right ventricular restriction after tetralogy of Fallot repair prolongs postoperative course. This is a prospective study of right ventricular diastolic performance in late follow-up patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied biventricular function, using Doppler echocardiographic examination. Pulmonary arterial, tricuspid, and mitral valves and ...
Waller B F - - 1995
This three-part article examines the histologic and morphologic basis for stenotic and purely regurgitant tricuspid valves. In Part I, conditions producing tricuspid valve stenosis were reviewed. In Part II, conditions producing pure tricuspid regurgitation are discussed. In contrast to the relatively few causes of tricuspid stenosis, the causes of pure ...
Respondek M - - 1995
Fetal echocardiograms were evaluated in 315 studies performed in 107 fetuses exposed to indomethacin. In the majority of cases, the results of the fetal echocardiography study were within normal limits (74%). The most common abnormal phenomena were tricuspid valve regurgitation (10%), ductal constriction (6%), tricuspid valve regurgitation and ductal constriction ...
Gilron I - - 1995
This clinical report illustrates a monitoring complication due to a pulsatile femoral vein from tricuspid regurgitation. In this case, the femoral vein of a patient was inadvertently cannulated and exhibited a pulsatile tracing which was mistaken for an arterial pressure tracing. This led to the initial inappropriate use of vasopressors ...
Waller B F - - 1995
This three-part article examines the histologic and morphologic basis for stenotic and purely regurgitant tricuspid valves. In Part I, conditions producing tricuspid valve stenosis are reviewed. In over 90% of stenotic tricuspid valves, the etiology is rheumatic disease. In isolated tricuspid stenosis, the etiology is either carcinoid or congenital. Rare ...
Fedderly R T - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study reviewed our experience with percutaneous balloon valvotomy in infants with critical pulmonary stenosis or membranous pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and defined the anatomic and hemodynamic characteristics of infants in whom this procedure is successful and provides definitive therapy. BACKGROUND: Unlike children with valvular pulmonary stenosis, ...
Abramson S V - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine which echocardiographic views most reliably demonstrate the maximum velocity of a tricuspid regurgitant jet in the evaluation of pulmonary artery systolic pressure. Consecutive patients seen in three echocardiographic laboratories during a 3-month period were enrolled. A complete Doppler examination was performed on ...
Gentles T L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Frequently the definitive operation for patients with a right ventricle (RV) that is too small to support full cardiac output is a modified Fontan operation. However, other surgical options exist that incorporate a small RV in the atriopulmonary pathway when biventricular repair is not feasible because of RV or ...
Ohri S K - - 1994
A woman who had carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease underwent tricuspid and pulmonary valve replacements with a xenograft and a cryopreserved allograft, respectively. Within 3 months of the operation severe pulmonary regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension refractory to medical therapy developed. Autopsy found the biomechanical tricuspid valve to be free ...
Tuñon J - - 1994
Colour Doppler echocardiographic (CDE) assessment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has been limited by the lack of an accepted model against which it can be compared. Angiography is said to be inadequate because catheter placement across the tricuspid valve could induce artifactual TR. Thirty-five consecutive patients with left-sided valvulopathy and recent ...
Purkiss S F - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes of flow in the hepatic artery and portal vein of patients undergoing tricuspid valve repair together with mitral valve replacement. DESIGN: Non-randomised parallel group study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: 18 patients with mitral valve disease with or without tricuspid regurgitation (age range 46-73; six ...
Rockman H A - - 1994
The present study reports the development and characterization of a murine model of right ventricular dysfunction following graded constriction in the pulmonary artery via microsurgical approaches. To analyze in vivo ventricular function, a technique of x-ray contrast microangiography was developed to allow the quantitative analysis of ventricular volumes and of ...
Chaoui R - - 1994
The echocardiographic findings and clinical courses in 19 fetuses with marked cardiomegaly [heart length, width, area, cardiothoracic ratio, heart/thoracic area (CTA) ratio > 2 SD] were reviewed. An abnormal heart was the reason for referral in 16 cases of 19 (84.2%). The mean gestational age was 31.5 weeks at detection. ...
Duran C M - - 1994
Contrary to general opinion, the tricuspid valve remains a challenge in terms of its precise diagnosis, indications, and appropriate surgical treatment. This is due to: (1) its relatively low incidence, (2) its functions in a low pressure system, (3) its close relation to right ventricular function, and (4) it following ...
Cohn L H - - 1994
The etiology of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in North American patients with mitral valve disease is almost entirely nonrheumatic functional dilatation of the tricuspid annulus. In mild TR, no operative therapy is necessary since relief of the left sided valve lesion will suffice to bring the pulmonary pressure down and, consequently, ...
Aoyagi S - - 1994
A 43-year-old woman with rheumatic heart disease underwent replacement of the aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves using three SJM prostheses. Despite adequate warfarin therapy, routine cineradiography performed on the 40th postoperative day showed one of the leaflets of the tricuspid prosthesis to be "stuck" in the semiclosing position. A thrombosis ...
Yamazaki K - - 1993
For surgical management of Ebstein's anomaly, a new technique of tricuspid valve replacement on the true annulus, avoiding injury to the conduction system, has been developed. At operation, the valve fixation sutures are placed around the true annulus except for a part of Koch's triangle. A 3 x 3 cm ...
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