Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 801
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Inoue S - - 1998
Koch's triangle contains the compact part of the atrioventricular node and is anatomically delineated by the Eustachian ridge, the membranous septum, and the insertion of the tricuspid valve. Inferiorly, Koch's triangle ends at the site of the os of the coronary sinus and, in part, is continuous with the sub-Eustachian ...
Tsai H W - - 1998
Primary malignant fibrous histocytoma (MFH) of the heart is extremely rare. Herein, we report the case of a 17-year-old woman with a primary MFH in the right ventricular outflow tract, presenting with increasing dyspnea on exertion. Wide excision of the tumor, including part of the pulmonary artery and pulmonary valve, ...
Dodo H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A major predisposing cause of infective endocarditis is a susceptible cardiac substrate characterized by high-velocity turbulent flow. However, the risk incurred by high-pressure, high-velocity regurgitation across inherently normal pulmonary and tricuspid valves has not hitherto been examined. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study focused on 186 adult patients with congenital ...
Kaneko Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In Ebstein's anomaly, the septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets are plastered to the endocardium. We postulated that tricuspid valve function could be corrected by restoring mobility of these leaflets. (Feasibility of such repair was explored by anatomical and clinical studies.) METHODS: Ten heart specimens with Ebstein's anomaly ...
Gerlis L M - - 1998
Innovative cardiac surgery ('blind' or indirect infundibular resection) for tetralogy of Fallot on a child of 4 years was followed by survival for 43 years without further surgery. The patient remained well until about one year before death, when he developed clinical features of progressive biventricular failure associated with pulmonary ...
Reddy V M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Congenital abnormalities of the tricuspid valve, including Ebstein's malformation, dysplasia, straddling, and those found in pulmonary atresia with intact septum and congenitally corrected transposition, are an uncommon cause of tricuspid regurgitation. Congenital tricuspid valve anomalies are found as a spectrum of disease in which both the leaflets and the ...
Koutlas T C - - 1998
An anomalous left brachiocephalic vein is an uncommon systemic venous anomaly, which usually has no clinical significance. We describe a case of tricuspid atresia with such an anomalous left brachiocephalic vein. The presence of this unusual venous anomaly had a number of implications in the surgical management of the tricuspid ...
Victor S - - 1998
Bicuspidization technique for rheumatic tricuspid stenosis based on the concept that the tricuspid valve has a straight (septal) and a curved (mural) leaflet is described. The fused commissures on either side of the septal leaflet are divided, resulting in separation of the two leaflets. The related anatomic and pathologic features ...
Bernal J M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: On the basis of a previous experience in a chronic sheep model in which partial mitral allografts remained viable and properly functioning 12 months after operation, we assessed the results obtained by replacing the tricuspid valve with fresh antibiotic-preserved mitral allografts. METHODS: Twenty 3-month-old sheep with a mean weight ...
Fernando Guadalajara Jose - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: We studied 17 patients with restrictive cardiomyopathy; eight had biventricular restriction (type A), four had left ventricular restriction (type B), and five had only right ventricular restriction (type C). RESULTS: Type A disease was characterized by pulmonary and systemic venous congestion. The restrictive pattern was found in ...
van Son J A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly, due to failure of delamination of one or more leaflets of the tricuspid valve (TV), is associated with varying degrees of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and dysplasia of the right ventricle (RV). Although refinement of tricuspid valvuloplasty and plication techniques have opened the way to a satisfactory outlook ...
Tanaka T - - 1998
Lung autopsies from four neonates with Ebstein's anomaly or tricuspid valve dysplasia and gross cardiomegaly were examined. The mean cardiothoracic ratio was 92 +/- 0.5%. The degrees of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary artery muscularization were assessed and were compared with those in lungs from four controls and four patients with ...
Endo M - - 1998
A respirator-dependent 11-day-old boy with Ebstein's anomaly is presented. His cardiac anomaly with progressive cardiomegaly was first noticed at 24 weeks' gestation on fetal echocardiography. After birth, he required mechanical ventilation because of massive tricuspid regurgitation and restricted pulmonary blood flow. The operation of tricuspid valve patch closure, resection of ...
Marchbank A J - - 1998
Lord Hunt of Everest presented with aortic stenosis but predominant right ventricular failure. He was found to have signs of pulmonary hypertension with a dilated right ventricle, severe tricuspid regurgitation, and right atrial hypertrophy in the absence of elevated pulmonary artery pressures. He is a lifelong mountaineer and we attribute ...
Sekine S - - 1998
A case of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) complicated by severe hypoproteinemia is presented herein. A 68-year-old man who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for postinfarction angina suffered repeated inferior myocardial infarction due to obstruction of the proximal right coronary artery, 3 years after which he developed systemic edema. Investigations ...
Magee A G - - 1998
A male infant with the rare lesion of unguarded tricuspid orifice in the setting of pulmonary valve atresia, intact ventricular septum, and a hypoplastic right ventricle is described. The patient presented with cyanosis at 1 day old; transcutaneous oxygen saturations were between 20% and 30% in room air, and 60% ...
Schlensak C - - 1997
Pulmonary artery banding is commonly performed as a palliative procedure in complex congenital heart disease, when pulmonary blood flow is increased. However, the hemodynamics may change postoperatively requiring readjustment of the band, which may necessitate a second operation. We report a new system for pulmonary artery banding which allows precise ...
Moyssakis I E - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Carcinoid syndrome originates from carcinoid tumors localized in the gastrointestinal system, pancreas, biliary vessels, bronchi, ovaries and testes. The condition is characterized by flushing, telangiectasias, diarrhea, bronchoconstriction and cardiac involvement, while cardiac lesions may occur in 50% of patients. This study aimed to investigate-non-invasively-the ...
Coelho R - - 1997
An unusual early, childhood presentation in a case with reputured non-coronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with Gerbode defect and severe pulmonary hypertension is described. The reasons for early rupture are discussed and anatomically important relations of membranous septum, fibroskeleton of heart and conduction system are schematically elucidated. Associated severe tricuspid ...
Boubaker A - - 1997
We report the case of a young woman who died from rupture of an aneurysmal dilatation of the left pulmonary artery. She suffered from tricuspid atresia type Ib and underwent a classic Glenn anastomosis at the age of 11 months; at 11 years a direct laterolateral anastomosis was constructed between ...
Bentley M J - - 1997
A 50-year-old woman with a long-standing history of palpitations was found by echocardiography to have a 1.5 cm mass on the atrial surface of the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve. Surgical excision included a portion of surrounding leaflet tissue. The tumour was a papillary fibroelastoma. She remained asymptomatic with ...
Pathmanand C - - 1997
During January through December 1993, twelve symptomatic infants and children (6 females, 6 males) with human immunodeficiency virus infection were prospectively evaluated for their cardiovascular clinical manifestations and ventricular functions, using two-dimensional, M-mode and Doppler echocardiographic examination. From auscultation, the pulmonic component of the second heart sound was accentuated in ...
van Son J A JA Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Leipzig, - - 1997
To study the phenomenon of potential subaortic outflow obstruction after surgical volume unloading of the heart in patients with univentricular atrioventricular connection, discordant ventriculoarterial connection, and bulboventricular foramen (BVF)-dependent systemic flow. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography was used in five patients with tricuspid atresia (N = 3) or double-inlet left ventricle (N ...
Oki T - - 1997
We describe a patient with Ebstein's anomaly in whom Doppler echocardiography was used to clarify the mechanism responsible for 'sail sound' and tricuspid regurgitation associated with this condition. Phonocardiography revealed an additional early systolic heart sound, consisting of a first low-amplitude component (T1) and a second high-amplitude component (T2, 'sail ...
d'Udekem Y - - 1997
Occurrence of endocarditis after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot is rare. A case of early postoperative endocarditis in a 1-year-old infant is described. At reoperation an abscess of the the tricuspid valve annulus was discovered at the site of implantation of the ventricular septal defect patch. After debridement of ...
Clapp S K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypoplasia of the right ventricle and tricuspid valve have historically undergone a total cavopulmonary connection or a two-ventricle repair with atrial fenestration. METHODS: We reviewed our experience with 9 patients with hypoplasia of the right ventricle and tricuspid valve who underwent a bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis with intracardiac ...
Nakajima J - - 1997
We present herein the case of a 62-year-old woman with an emphysematous bulla who developed intractable hemoptysis 16 days after undergoing mitral and aortic valve replacement with tricuspid annuloplasty. A bronchoscopic examination with balloon occlusion of the bronchial lumen revealed that the blood source was the right middle lobe bronchus. ...
Meloni Luigi - - 1997
We describe a case of a 50-year-old woman with congenitally corrected transposition of the great vessels, in whom severe left-sided tricuspid (systemic atrioventricular) valve insufficiency was the only associated anomaly. The tricuspid valve was dysplastic and abnormally oriented toward the interventricular septum, without the downward displacement of Ebstein's anomaly. The ...
Kinugasa S - - 1997
We herein report a 36-year-old man who underwent surgical resection for myxoma. Preoperative two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a mass in the right ventricle. Intraoperatively, the tumor was found to derive from an anterior papillary muscle of the tricuspid valve. The tumor was successfully excised and the tricuspid valve was repaired with ...
Akagi T - - 1997
Using a commercially available 5F deflectable radiofrequency catheter, we have succeeded in percutaneous valvotomy of an imperforate pulmonary valve and consecutive balloon dilatation in a baby with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. After the procedure, right ventricular systolic pressure fell from 125 mmHg to 65 mmHg, and right ventriculography ...
Benvenuti L A - - 1996
A tricuspid valve mass was identified on echocardiogram in a 69-year-old man with ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary embolism, and pneumonia; he died with progressive respiratory insufficiency. The abnormal mass was ascribed initially to infective endocarditis, and the diagnosis at autopsy was fibrolipoma, a benign tumor. Although ...
Stark S I - - 1996
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with a right ventricular (RV) cardiomyopathy has only rarely been successful. This report demonstrates reentrant VT in the setting of RV cardiomyopathy in which the tricuspid valve annulus acted as one of the barriers of an isthmus of slow conduction, ...
Grant J W - - 1996
The occurrence of familial heart disease in association with tricuspid atresia is rare. The first reported instance of tricuspid atresia and Ebstein's anomaly in siblings is presented. The presence of these two distinct pathologic variants of tricuspid valve malformations in siblings suggests that these malformations result from a common abnormality ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate bioprosthetic valve dysfunction in the tricuspid position by serial Doppler echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Few reports on the long-term results of tricuspid valve replacement with bioprosthetic valves are evaluated by serial Doppler echocardiography. METHODS: Between September 1979 and December 1993, 95 patients underwent tricuspid valve replacement ...
Stewart D L - - 1996
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of two-dimensional and contrast echocardiograms to identify venous cannula position. Sequential sampling of 20 infants was evaluated by contrast echocardiography after meeting institutional criteria for extracorporeal life support. Each infant was placed on venovenous extracorporeal life support using a double-lumen ...
Gildein H P - - 1996
Critical pulmonary valve stenosis represents an emergency, and immediate treatment is mandatory. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate and medium-term results of pulmonary valve dilatation. We report 18 neonates in whom pulmonary valvuloplasty was attempted. The procedure could be accomplished in 14 patients. The angiographically determined ...
Miyamoto A T - - 1996
A detailed technique is described to safely inspect visually the function of the atrioventricular (mitral, common atrioventricular, or tricuspid) valve in the beating, fully loaded, but not ejecting left or right ventricle. The heartbeat is reestablished while the ascending aorta is kept cross-clamped and air from the ascending aorta is ...
Carrel T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve insufficiency secondary to structural anomalies of the valve itself or to an iatrogenic complication of the Rashkind procedure is very rarely associated with transposition of the the great arteries. This condition represents an interesting perioperative challenge. Rapid restoration of the tricuspid valve to a low-pressure system by ...
Chiu W C - - 1996
This case report demonstrates the utility of transesophageal echocardiography in the rapid diagnosis of cardiac injury from blunt thoracic trauma. Initial transesophageal echocardiography identified a flail tricuspid valve leaflet and regurgitation in a patient with jugular venous distention and hemodynamic instability. Progressive hypoxemia prompted repeat transesophageal echocardiography with contrast enhancement, ...
van Son J A - - 1996
The cases of five patients with previous Senning (n = 4) or Mustard (n = 1) operations and failing systemic ventricles in whom banding of the pulmonary artery was performed as an interim step toward an arterial switch procedure are reported. The rise in the ratio of left to right ...
Wilson N J - - 1996
The aim of the study was to assess echocardiographic measurements of right ventricular function in 24 patients aged 10.7 to 28.9 years (mean 18.9 years) receiving the Mustard baffle repair for transposition of the great arteries. Right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) from single-plane areas and area length volumes, pulsed Doppler ...
Watanabe T - - 1996
Although papillary fibroelastoma is rare, it is the most common primary tumor of the heart valves. We describe herein the case of a 64-year-old woman scheduled to undergo atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, in whom a papillary fibroelastoma of the tricuspid valve was diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Surgical resection ...
Hvass U - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Some mitral lesions are still out of reach of conventional repairs. Transferring the posterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve with its subvalvular apparatus to the mitral valve is a new autograft technique which has allowed us a conservative approach in cases where repair seemed less predictable. METHODS: After removing ...
Uemura H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the precise anatomic arrangement of the annular attachment of a common atrioventricular valve in the setting of visceral heterotaxy. METHODS: One hundred and twelve autopsied specimens with isomeric atrial appendages were studied. RESULTS: Annular hinge points with a planar orientation were found in only 7 hearts. All ...
Lange R - - 1996
Tricuspid valve endocardititis is treated surgically by total valve excision or valve replacement. Both procedures are controversial with regard to the hemodynamic consequences and to the long-term prognosis. In the following, results of tricuspid valve repair in acute infective endocarditis are reported and discussed as an additional treatment option. Between ...
Miga Daniel E. - - 1996
Aneurysms of the aortic and mitral valve are a known complication of infective endocarditis in adults. We report an unusual case of tricuspid valve endocarditis in a child with resultant aneurysm formation as its presenting finding after a brief clinical course. (ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, Volume 13, January 1996)
Poveda J J - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study analyzes the possible predictive power of different clinical and hemodynamic parameters with regard to hospital mortality after the first tricuspid valve replacement. METHODS: A retrospective study of 62 consecutive patients undergoing tricuspid valve replacement from 1974 to 1994 (7.2% of all tricuspid ...
Silverman N H - - 1995
We defined the morphology of the left atrioventricular valve in Ebstein's malformation associated with congenitally corrected transposition to elucidate the approach to diagnosis by echocardiography. We found 14 unequivocal cases out of a total of 3,720 specimens. We noted the atrial arrangement, displacement, and nature of the tricuspid leaflets, and ...
Ahmadi A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery banding, originally introduced to palliate increased pulmonary blood flow, is now primarily used for complex congenital cardiac defects with a prohibitive risk in the early repair, such as tricuspid atresia, or occasionally to prepare the left ventricle for eventual arterial switch. Conventional banding is, however, often poorly ...
Sharma R - - 1995
A total of 202 patients (62 with tricuspid atresia and 140 without tricuspid atresia) underwent univentricular repair at our unit from January 1990 to September 1994. Of these patients, 182 had nonfenestrated and 20 had fenestrated interatrial baffles. Early mortality was 15.9% (29/182) in the group with nonfenestrated baffles and ...
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