Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 801
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Sao-Ling Liang - - 2004
A 1.5-kg, 6-mo-old male patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) was cyanotic and panting. Evaluation of the heart by electrocardiography, thoracic radiography, two-dimensional echocardiography, and Doppler color-flow echocardiography revealed a ventricular septal defect (VSD) with right-to-left shunting as well as tricuspid valve dysplasia with dilated annulus of the tricuspid ring, dilated right ...
Guhathakurta Soma - - 2004
We report a unique case of triple valve replacement with porcine bioprostheses in a young woman who remained asymptomatic 15 years later. Although in atrial fibrillation, she was taking only aspirin for anticoagulation until she delivered a normal child 2 years after surgery. Surprisingly, to date, her echocardiographic findings have ...
Alharethi Rami - - 2004
A 24-year-old woman experienced severe tricuspid valve regurgitation 6 years after heart transplantation. Tricuspid valve replacement was performed using a cryopreserved mitral valve homograft. Severe tricuspid valve regurgitation recurred within 4 months, associated with an increase in the panel reactive antibody titers from zero to 72%. Tricuspid valve replacement was ...
Tanoue Yoshihisa - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The left ventricular performance in patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum who were Fontan candidates before and after the bidirectional Glenn procedure and a staged total cavopulmonary connection was compared with that in patients with tricuspid atresia. METHODS: Contractility (end-systolic elastance), afterload (effective arterial elastance), and ventricular ...
Reynolds Harmony R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become an integral part of the evaluation and monitoring of patients during cardiac operation. Until recently, the smallest TEE probe with multiplane imaging measured 13 mm in diameter. This size is now standard for adult TEE probes. Recently, a new TEE probe has become available ...
Goetz Wolfgang A - - 2004
We present a case of severe tricuspid valve insufficiency because of disruption of the anterior tricuspid leaflet with congenital absence of left thoracic pericardium. Findings suggest that tricuspid valve disruption was a result of distorted right ventricular geometry because of luxation of the heart into left thoracic cavity. Tricuspid valve ...
Bolnick Alan D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the mitral valve-tricuspid valve distance in second-trimester fetuses with normal cardiac anatomy versus those fetuses with endocardial cushion defects. STUDY DESIGN: We identified fetuses between 16 and 24 weeks of gestation. The distance between the insertions of the medial leaflets of ...
Vereckei András - - 2004
This report describes a patient with a rupture of the noncoronary sinus of Valsalva caused by erosion of its wall by a large right atrial vegetation not attached to the tricuspid valve without aortic valve involvement. The rupture site was located right posterior to the tricuspid septal leaflet and communicated ...
Sridhar A V AV Congenital and Paediatric Cardiac Service, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, - - 2004
Papillary fibroelastoma is a benign tumour of the cardiac valve apparatus. We present an unusual case of life-threatening pulmonary haemorrhage and disseminated intravascular coagulation in a neonate associated with this benign cardiac tumour. Papillary fibroelastoma of the tricuspid valve rarely presents in children and, to our knowledge, this is only ...
Lim Kyoung Ah - - 2004
We report a rare case of an isolated critical tricuspid regurgitation due to rupture of a papillary muscle. This patient presented with a cyanosis immediately after birth. Despite mechanical ventilation and medical management to decrease the pulmonary vascular resistance, the low cardiac output persisted, along with the cyanosis. Repair of ...
Hirota Jun - - 2004
A 64-year-old female, admitted because of severe dyspnea on exertion and facial edema, showed echocardiographic findings of a large tumor in the right ventricle (RV). Echocardiography revealed a cardiac mass extending from the RV across the tricuspid valve into the right atrium, synchronized with the cardiac cycle, and severe tricuspid ...
Rosenberger Peter - - 2004
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) may permit direct visualization of PE or secondary signs of pulmonary artery (PA) obstruction. However, its utility in diagnosing PE in the intraoperative setting has yet to be defined. Therefore, we performed intraoperative TEE examinations in ...
Adachi Iki - - 2004
We describe the midterm result after Starnes operation for a severely symptomatic neonate with Ebstein's anomaly by reviewing the reported cases. A 4-day-old baby with "wall to wall heart" underwent Starnes operation. The tricuspid valve was closed without fenestration and the coronary sinus was drained into the right ventricle. Consequently, ...
De Bonis Michele - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Correction of tricuspid regurgitation due to complex lesions (not treatable with annuloplasty only) is associated with suboptimal results. To improve the efficacy of valve repair in this context, we developed a new surgical approach, which consists of stitching together the central part of the free edges of the leaflets ...
Vastenburg Maartje H A C - - 2004
Two-dimensional, M4-mode, and color flow Doppler echocardiography was performed in 29 (18 females, 11 males) clinically healthy ferrets anesthetized with isoflurane. M-mode measurements of the left ventricle, left atrial appendage diameter (LAAD), and aorta (Ao) were obtained. The fractional shortening and LAAD/Ao ratio were calculated. The values of the M-mode ...
Grossmann Georg - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The follow-up of patients with mitral and tricuspid regurgitation is important for their clinical treatment. We aimed to evaluate the reproducibility of the flow convergence method in mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. METHODS: The proximal flow convergence region was imaged with color Doppler ultrasound scanning echocardiography in 83 patients with ...
Kobza R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To define the entity of tricuspid regurgitation caused by tethering of the tricuspid valve leaflets by aberrant tendinous chords. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care centre (university teaching hospital). PATIENTS: 10 patients with unexplained severe tricuspid regurgitation. METHODS: The last 13 500 echocardiographic studies from our facility were reviewed ...
López-Pardo Francisco - - 2004
A double-chambered right ventricle is a relatively uncommon congenital cardiac defect characterized by the presence of anomalous muscle bundles dividing the right ventricle into a high-pressure proximal chamber and a low-pressure distal chamber. This pathology is often wrongly diagnosed in adult patients. We report the first case of a patient ...
Chu Pao-Hsien - - 2004
Cardiac hamartomas are very rare and are demarcated masses of enlarged, hypertrophied, mature myocytes and collagen tissue. Cardiac hamartomas are generally circumscribed in the right ventricle or atrium, but not reported in the crista terminalis (CRT). The CRT is crucial in electrophysiology, is related to arrhythmogenesis, and is targeted by ...
Hachiro Yoshikazu - - 2004
A rare case of native valve endocarditis affecting both the normal mitral and tricuspid valves is presented. A 25-year-old woman with an acute ischemic stroke was found to have vegetation secondary to infective endocarditis as the embolic source. One month after the onset of embolic cerebrovascular intervention, a valve repair ...
Tsutsui Jeane M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hand-carried ultrasound (HCU) devices have been demonstrated to improve the diagnosis of cardiac diseases over physical examination, and have the potential to broaden the versatility in ultrasound application. The role of these devices in the assessment of hospitalized patients is not completely established. In this study we sought to ...
Gelsomino Sandro - - 2003
We report a case of a 22-year-old Ethiopian female presenting with multiple rheumatic valve disease. She was admitted to hospital because of dyspnea at rest. She underwent open mitral commissurotomy associated with splitting of the postero-medial papillary muscle, aortic right-coronary-left coronary commissural resuspension with resection of fibrous tissue from the ...
Hamanaka Yoshiharu - - 2003
A 19-year-old woman with a history of drug addiction suffered from sepsis and heart failure. Blood culture was positive for Streptococcus viridans. An operation was indicated because the echocardiography showed massive vegetation on the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve and severe regurgitation even though the endocarditis was healed with ...
Huggon I C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To analyse patient data to elucidate the apparent association between an abnormal karyotype and tricuspid regurgitation found during fetal echocardiography at early gestations. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre for fetal medicine and cardiology. METHODS: Fetuses between 11 and 14 weeks' gestation were selected for detailed echocardiography. Referral reasons were increased ...
Favilli S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Survival of neonates with critical pulmonary obstruction depends on cardiac morphology and function but also on proper perinatal management. METHODS: Postnatal outcome of five neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia detected in utero is reported. RESULTS: Right ventricular morphology and ratio between tricuspid and mitral annulus at ...
Ansari Aneel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although a regular course of the conduction system is anticipated in hearts with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PAIVS), it has never been demonstrated anatomically. In view of one of the surgical options in repair being debulking of the right ventricular wall, it is important to establish the ...
Ayabakan Canan - - 2003
To determine the frequency of valvular regurgitation, 174 children from birth to 18 years old (mean age 7.42+/-4.54 years), with structurally normal hearts were analyzed. Flow patterns across the four valves were examined by pulsed- (PW), continuous-wave (CW) and color Doppler. Regurgitation was detected in 59.7% of the valves. Tricuspid ...
Ahmed Sujood - - 2003
We report three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic findings in an adult patient with Ebstein's anomaly. Using the anyplane technique and multiple views, especially the short-axis view of tricuspid valve, three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography clearly demonstrated the intermittent tethering of all three leaflets of tricuspid valve to the right ventricular walls giving a "bubble-like" ...
Hirai Shinji - - 2003
We report a rare successful surgical repair of a common atrium (CA) with mild tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation due to valvular annulus enlargement in a 39-year-old man, who had a complete atrial septum defect (ASD) without the characteristic of an endocardial cushion defect. The left-to-right shunt ratio was 85 percent ...
Abbas Amr E - - 2003
We sought to test whether the ratio of peak tricuspid regurgitant velocity (TRV, ms) to the right ventricular outflow tract time-velocity integral (TVI(RVOT), cm) obtained by Doppler echocardiography (TRV/TVI(RVOT)) provides a clinically reliable method to determine pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Pulmonary vascular resistance is an important hemodynamic variable used in ...
Georghiou Georgios P - - 2003
A 67-year-old woman was referred for investigation of intermittent dyspnea, which was known for years but had been worsening over the previous 3 months. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed the presence of a mass attached to the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve. The patient was successfully operated on to excise the ...
Thistlethwaite Patricia A - - 2003
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is associated with right ventricular dilatation, high right-sided filling pressures, and functional tricuspid regurgitation. The tricuspid regurgitation resulting from this disease has been postulated to be caused by tricuspid annular dilatation with displacement of the papillary muscles. Pulmonary endarterectomy is an operation that corrects the pulmonary ...
Butera Gianfranco - - 2003
Tricuspid valve dysplasia, other than Ebstein's anomaly, is a very rare congenital heart defect. During the prenatal and/or the neonatal periods the clinical picture is very critical. We here report on a newborn infant with severe tricuspid valve dysplasia and 4/4 tricuspid regurgitation, giant right atriomegaly, functional pulmonary atresia with ...
Arzt W - - 2003
The mortality and morbidity of children with pulmonary atresia/intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) are linked to the degree of right ventricular (RV) hypoplasia. Opening up the pulmonary valve (PV) in fetal life could result in improved growth of the RV making it amenable to biventricular repair postnatally. Successful valvulotomy of the ...
Uyan Cihangir - - 2002
Siblings, a 26-year old male and a 31-year old female, were found do have Ebstein's anomaly. Ebstein's anomaly is characterized by a downward displacement of the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle due to anomalous attachment of the tricuspid leaflets. Echocardiography is the method of choice to diagnose Ebstein's anomaly ...
Tulzer Gerald - - 2002
Progressive stenosis of the semilunar valves in utero can be life threatening. We treated two fetuses with complete or almost complete pulmonary atresia and imminent hydrops (increased cardiothoracic ratio, pericardial effusion, holosystolic tricuspid regurgitation extending into diastole, and abnormal venous Dopplers). We dilated the pulmonary valve of two fetuses in ...
Almeida-Filho O C - - 2002
Functional pulmonary atresia is a relatively rare clinical condition usually associated with Ebstein's malformation, tricuspid valve dysplasia, Uhl's anomaly, or transient myocardial ischemia with severe tricuspid regurgitation. The occurrence of functional pulmonary atresia associated with transient tricuspid regurgitation in a newborn with an anatomically normal heart is even more uncommon. ...
Stevenson J Geoffrey - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Respiration is known to be a significant contributor to pulmonary flow in patients who have had Glenn or Fontan procedures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of respiration on branch pulmonary artery flow in normal participants, in those with uncomplicated Glenn or Fontan procedures, ...
Zhou Xiaoyan - - 2002
To investigate the effects of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the mitral and tricuspid valves, the corresponding annular dilatation and valvular regurgitation were compared with 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography in 31 consecutive patients with lone AF and 28 normal controls. Mid-systolic mitral and tricuspid annular areas were measured from 2 diameters ...
Sandor George G S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of coronary arterial abnormalities in mid-trimester fetuses with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, and whether their presence correlates with right ventricular morphology. BACKGROUND: The presence of coronary arterial fistulas significantly alters the surgical options and prognosis for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular ...
Chrissos Dimitrios - - 2002
We present the case of a 66-year-old man with a history of coronary artery disease and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who was admitted to the hospital complaining of chest discomfort and shortness of breath on exertion. The echocardiogram revealed a severe pericardial effusion and a large echogenic mass that infiltrated ...
Yamada Elina - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We evaluated a newly developed phased-array intracardiac echocardiographic catheter. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the imaging capability of this new ICE catheter in an animal model simulating acute cardiovascular abnormalities. METHODS: ICE images were obtained from the right atrium during (1) acute left ventricular dysfunction; (2) acute coronary ...
Vettraino Ivana M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the normal distance between the insertion of the medial leaflets of the mitral valve and tricuspid valve in the fetal heart. This mitral valve-tricuspid valve distance was compared with the distance from known cases of Ebstein anomaly. METHODS: An apical 4-chamber view was obtained at end diastole ...
Hiraumi Yoshimi - - 2002
Functional pulmonary atresia must be distinguished from anatomical atresia, which has an intact ventricular septum, to avoid inappropriate treatment, but there is a paucity of data regarding the echocardiographic features that differentiate these conditions. Echocardiographic findings in 5 neonates with functional atresia were compared to those in 5 with anatomical ...
Harada Hideyuki - - 2002
A 14-year-old boy sustained blunt chest trauma resulting in dissection of the left main coronary artery, postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm, mitral regurgitation, and tricuspid regurgitation. He underwent pericardial patch angioplasty of the left main coronary artery, left ventricular aneurysmectomy, mitral valvuloplasty, and tricuspid annuloplasty. The patient continues to do well ...
Hynes Mark S - - 2002
Papillary fibroelastomas are rare, benign cardiac tumours that most commonly arise from cardiac valves, and often present with signs and symptoms of embolization. A patient presented initially with transient ischemic attacks. He was found to have a papillary fibroelastoma on his tricuspid valve, which was successfully resected. Nine years later, ...
Kypson Alan P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Port-access techniques performed through a right mini-thoracotomy have been extensively described for both the mitral and aortic valves. However, reports of tricuspid valve operations using the port-access approach are rare. A technique for minimally invasive tricuspid valve operation using port access is described. METHODS: Port-access approach was applied to ...
Champagne Jean - - 2002
Numerous complications induced by pacemaker electrodes have been reported. Although mild tricuspid regurgitation is a well-documented complication of transvenous right ventricular pacemaker leads secondary to abnormal valve coaptation, severe tricuspid regurgitation resultingfrom perforation of the tricuspid valve itself is a rare complication. This case report details a patient with severe ...
Lacour-Gayet F - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Biventricular repair of double outlet right ventricle non-committed ventricular septal defect (DORVncVSD) is usually achieved by a VSD rerouting to the aorta. This technique can be limited by the presence of tricuspid chordae and by the pulmonary artery to tricuspid valve distance. Furthermore, there is an important risk of ...
Wilhelmi M - - 2002
We report on the case of a 34-year-old male patient suffering from end-stage carcinoid heart disease with severe tricuspid, pulmonary and mitral valve regurgitation. In addition, a persisting foramen ovale was present. The primary carcinoid tumor was never discovered. However, urine 5-hydroxy-indole-acetic-acid (5-HIAA) were consistently elevated after the first diagnosis ...
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