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Loupy A - - 2008
Pacemaker (PM) induced tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common echocardiographic finding. Although mild or moderate TR is frequently observed, severe TR is rare. We report the exceptional observation of a severe TR due to leaflet malcoaptation occurring late after PM implantation and in the following weeks after an aortic valve ...
Bouhemad Bélaïd - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In spontaneously breathing cardiac patients, pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) can be accurately estimated from the transthoracic Doppler study of pulmonary artery and tricuspid regurgitation blood flows. In critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation for acute lung injury, the interposition of gas between the probe and the heart renders the ...
Kim Hyungseop - - 2008
Spontaneous chordae rupture of the tricuspid valve is relatively rare, unlike the mitral valve. We present a 27-year-old male with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis therapy for treatment of parathyroid adenoma. The echocardiography showed the severe tricuspid regurgitation with chordae rupture which was not noted 1 year ago. In addition, ...
Marzolino Philip S - - 2008
Transesophageal echocardiography can incidentally detect cardiac masses. A right atrial mass has many possible causes, including metastatic extension from various solid organs, malignant melanoma, mediastinal cysts, hematoma, myxoma, lipoma, and artifact.Herein, we report our discovery of a right atrial mass during the initial intraoperative transesophageal echocardiographic examination of a patient ...
Aggarwal Sanjeev - - 2008
Ebstein's anomaly (EA) is associated with poor outcome in symptomatic neonates. Management typically includes prostaglandins or surgical creation of a Blalock-Taussig shunt. Right ventricular afterload reduction may help by improving the forward flow across the pulmonary valve. We report the successful use of oral sildenafil, a pulmonary vasodilator, in a ...
Kalantre Atul - - 2007
Paravalvular leaks are a recognized complication of valve replacement surgery. We report a 47-year-old man with left atrial isomerism, interrupted left sided inferior caval vein with unilateral left sided superior caval vein, a common atrium, and anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the coronary sinus, who had recurrent severe para-right atrioventricular ...
Doi Atsuo - - 2007
Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is a fairly rare complication following blunt chest trauma but not as uncommon as it was believed to be before the advent of transthoracic echocardiography. We report a case of severe tricuspid regurgitation with ruptured chordae tendineae 10 years after blunt chest trauma that was successfully repaired ...
Skwarek M - - 2007
The tricuspid valve is of great importance because of the progress made in operative techniques and invasive cardiology accidents. This structure is more differentiated during evolution than the mitral valve. Accessory leaflets, their frequency and role are still controversial, despite the fact that they have been known from the beginning ...
Ando Makoto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is a limitation to the ability of the tricuspid or common atrioventricular valve to function in the systemic position, and insufficiency of these valves often carries an important risk during the staged surgical reconstruction in single ventricle. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of ...
Connolly David J - - 2007
Acquired tricuspid valve stenosis (TVS) is a rare complication of endocardial lead placement in humans that has not been described in the veterinary literature. We describe a 6.5-year-old Border terrier that was presented with right-sided congestive heart failure 5.5 years after placement of a transvenous pacemaker. Severe TVS was confirmed ...
Barbara David W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly has been described extensively in autopsy material. However, there have been no large surgical pathology series of this malformation. OBJECTIVE: To review clinical and surgical pathologic features of a large number of cases of Ebstein's anomaly from a single institution. METHODS: Review of medical histories, surgical reports, ...
Iwai Shigemitsu - - 2007
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is a concern in the long term after Kawashima intraventricular rerouting for Taussig-Bing anomaly. This study assessed the late results and left ventricular outflow tract dimensions after intraventricular rerouting for Taussig-Bing anomaly in 6 children. Age at operation ranged from 8 months to 7 years. ...
Samyn Margaret M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To characterize the range of biventricular size and function evaluated by steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine magnetic resonance (MR) in a large cohort of patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and to compare these measurements in those with a right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) patch vs. a right ...
Hinton Robert B RB - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the size of the genetic effect (heritability) in families identified by a hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) proband. BACKGROUND: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a severe form of cardiovascular malformation (CVM), and it remains a leading cause of infant mortality and childhood morbidity. Familial ...
Lee Kyung Jin - - 2008
A 55-year-old woman with carcinoid valvular heart disease was referred for consideration of right-sided valve replacement. By transthoracic 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, there was severe tricuspid regurgitation and mild right ventricular dysfunction. The pulmonary valve was thickened with annular constriction and severe regurgitation. Real-time 3-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography provided an en ...
Minai Omar A - - 2007
Pulmonary arterial hypertension should be considered in patients who present with nonspecific symptoms such as dyspnea or dizziness after more common causes have been ruled out. Echocardiography can help in the diagnosis: special attention should be given to assess the tricuspid valve and right ventricular function. Before starting treatment, a ...
Knott-Craig Christopher J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Severely symptomatic neonates and young infants with Ebstein's anomaly usually die without surgical intervention. The relative risks and benefits of single-ventricle palliation versus a two-ventricle repair are uncertain. In a recent series, 69% early survival with single-ventricle palliation was reported in 16 neonates with Ebstein's anomaly. Our institutional bias ...
Betrián Blasco Pedro - - 2008
An asymptomatic 1-month-old girl was studied in another institution because of the presence of a cardiac murmur, and referred to our center for further evaluation as a result of tricuspid valve abnormalities detected in the echocardiographic study. Echocardiography revealed a very redundant, thin, freely mobile structure in the right atrium, ...
Oosterhof Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the optimal timing of pulmonary valve replacement, we analyzed preoperative thresholds of right ventricular (RV) volumes above which no decrease or normalization of RV size takes place after surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1993 and 2006, 71 adult patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot underwent pulmonary valve ...
Hasdemir Can - - 2007
Coronary artery (CA) narrowings and/or occlusions after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) have been reported. The aim of this study was to describe the in vivo topographic anatomy of CAs and their anatomic relation to the mitral and tricuspid annulus using selective coronary angiography. Fifty consecutive patients undergoing RFA for narrow QRS ...
Gurudevan Swaminatha V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) are important hemodynamic parameters in patients with advanced cardiopulmonary disease. We undertook this study to determine whether Doppler tissue imaging of the tricuspid annulus could be used to assess PAP and PVR noninvasively. METHODS: We studied 50 consecutive patients with ...
Tsunekawa Tomohiro - - 2007
One patient with major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries and heterotaxy underwent staged unifocalizations, and eventually the staged Fontan completion. Subsequent to the bidirectional Glenn procedure, the left pulmonary artery was once thrombozed, but successfully treated. The progressively regurgitant common atrioventricular valve needed repair twice during the course. Pulmonary arterial pressure was ...
Iscan Zafer H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Current knowledge in long-term results of tricuspid valve replacement is limited. Present study reviews our experience from a consecutive series. METHODS: Forty-two patients (16 male, 26 female; mean age: 33+/-15) underwent tricuspid valve replacement between March 1987 and December 2004. The etiology was rheumatic in 64%, Ebstein's anomaly in ...
Bavunoglu Isil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 26-year-old man with known but untreated ventricular septal defect was admitted to the emergency ward with abdominal pain, fever and weight loss. Transthoracic echocardiography showed multiple vegetations on the anterior mitral leaflet, a mobile vegetation on the surface of the aortic noncoronary cusp and another on the tricuspid ...
Thors Axel - - 2007
This is a report of a patient with an atrial septal defect with right-to-left shunting, flail tricuspid valve, and complete heart block secondary to blunt chest trauma after a motor vehicle accident. The patient surgically repaired with pericardial recreation of atrial septum, bioprosthetic tricuspid valve replacement, and pacemaker insertion. The ...
Boon Rody - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pediatric atrioventricular valve repair with artificial chordae. METHODS: Between February 2001 and January 2006, artificial chords were used in 21 children with severe mitral or tricuspid valve regurgitation. Patients with AVSD were excluded. Median age was 84 (1-194) months. Five patients had isolated tricuspid valve anomalies, 16 ...
Pothineni Koteswara R - - 2007
Twenty-nine patients with different tricuspid valve (TV) pathologies were studied by both two-dimensional transthoracic (2DTTE) and live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE). A major contribution of 3DTTE over 2DTTE was the en face visualization of all three leaflets of the TV in all patients. This allowed accurate assessment of TV ...
Ilina Maria V - - 2007
We describe an infant with the antenatal diagnosis of a large intracardiac rhabdomyoma causing tricuspid inflow obstruction. Postnatal cyanosis and arterial hypoxemia prompted commencement of intravenous prostaglandin E1 with immediate improvement in saturations. Clinical and genetic testing confirmed diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis. To secure ductal patency, two tandem coronary stents ...
Mehrotra D - - 2007
Introduction Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation secondary to blunt chest trauma has been reported in literature. We report our experience with a case of 'Torrential Tricuspid Regurgitation' following permanent pacemaker lead extraction which was successfully treated with tricuspid valve repair and annuloplasty. Report A 67 year old woman was treated for Sick ...
Sukmawan Renan - - 2007
Geometric changes of tricuspid valve, particularly leaflets configuration, in functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remain to be defined. We sought to investigate geometric changes of tricuspid valve tenting in functional TR secondary to pulmonary hypertension by transthoracic real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). Real-time 3DE was performed in 30 individuals (17 patients with ...
Hayashi Yoshitaka - - 2008
The presence of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients with carcinoid heart disease (CHD). We report a 66-year-old male patient with tricuspid and pulmonary valve regurgitation secondary to CHD, who developed severe hypoxia due to a right-to-left shunt through a PFO. A 35 ...
Bini Roberta M - - 2007
An unusual case of severe supravalvular stenosing ring of the left atrium associated with tricuspid valve dysplasia in an adult symptomatic patient affected by congenitally corrected transposition and unrestrictive ventricular septal defect is reported. The stenosis of the systemic atrioventricular valve possibly prevented the development of obstructive pulmonary vascular disease; ...
Bhole Vinay - - 2007
A 12.5-year-old boy with tricuspid atresia and quadriplegic cerebral palsy presented with increasing cyanosis after previous palliation with a cavopulmonary shunt and ligation of the main pulmonary artery (MPA). Because of severe physical disabilities he was not considered suitable for Fontan completion. He underwent successful transcatheter stent recanalization of the ...
Park Yong-Hyun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The geometric and hemodynamic determinants of functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) have not yet been established. Geometric alterations in the tricuspid valve can be accurately determined using 3-dimensional echocardiography. METHODS: Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography was performed in 54 patients with various degrees of FTR to obtain real-time zoom 3D images of ...
Takayama Reiko - - 2007
A 17-year-old man with a history of dental caries was admitted to our hospital because of 1-week high fever. There was no history of previous cardiac disease. He denied drug abuse. Blood culture was positive for Abiotrophia defectiva. Echocardiography demonstrated large vegetation attached to the anterior cusp of the tricuspid ...
Sorrell Vincent L - - 2007
Cardiac MRI (CMR) is a noninvasive diagnostic tool with comprehensive capabilities similar to that of two-dimensional echocardiography with Doppler. In addition to the ability to evaluate the etiology and severity of pulmonary valve regurgitation (PR), CMR is well designed to serially monitor the impact of the PR on the right ...
Grotenhuis H B - - 2007
To assess pulmonary flow dynamics and right ventricular (RV) function in patients without significant anatomical narrowing of the pulmonary arteries late after the arterial switch operation (ASO) by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). 17 patients (mean (SD), 16.5 (3.6) years after ASO) and 17 matched healthy subjects were included. MRI ...
Ogus Noyan Timucin - - 2007
In Ebstein's anomaly, the aim of surgical intervention is the restoration of tricuspid valve competence. In some circumstances, however, paucity of the leaflet tissue precludes successful repair and negatively influences the long-term durability of the valvuloplasty procedure. We report a modified technique that provides satisfactory results for right atrioventricular valve ...
Nelson Matt - - 2007
A case of severe tricuspid valve regurgitation caused by ruptured chordae tendineae secondary to blunt chest trauma from a motor vehicle accident is described. A transthoracic echocardiogram did not demonstrate these findings, which were clearly visualized on a transesophageal echocardiogram. We propose that patients with blunt chest trauma be considered ...
Butany Jagdish - - 2007
We report the longest duration of implantation of a porcine bioprosthesis in the English language literature--a Carpentier-Edwards valved conduit excised after twenty-five years. This 50-year-old man had undergone a modified Fontan operation for tricuspid atresia. He presented with progressive dyspnea, fatigue and edema. The bioprosthesis' dysfunction was due to the ...
Roman Kevin S - - 2007
Pulmonary valve stenosis or atresia with intact ventricular septum represents a spectrum of severity. This study aimed to identify ultrasound markers of biventricular versus non-biventricular outcome. The fetal echocardiograms of 41 fetuses diagnosed with pulmonary stenosis or atresia and right ventricular (RV)/left ventricular (LV) length ratios >0.4 from 17 to ...
Salamon Suheil Andreas - - 2007
Candida albicans endocarditis involves infrequently the tricuspid valve and involvement of the pulmonic valve is rare. We report our experience with an immunosuppressed liver-transplanted female who developed both tricuspid and pulmonic valve endocarditis, review the literature and discuss the importance of effective antimycotic therapy combined with surgical replacement of the ...
Gans Christopher P - - 2007
We describe a patient who presented with asymptomatic hypoxia refractory to supplemental oxygen. Transthoracic echocardiography and angiography demonstrated a tricuspid valve with a large regurgitant jet oriented directly at a patent foramen ovale, producing a right to left shunt with systemic hypoxia. The patient was found to have normal right-sided ...
Jaquiss Robert D B - - 2007
Because the pulmonary vascular resistance is very elevated at birth, severe tricuspid regurgitation is poorly tolerated and even life-threatening in the newborn. The etiology may be tricuspid valve papillary muscle rupture or the more ominous Ebstein's anomaly, with its associated dysfunctional right ventricle. After the diagnosis is established and the ...
Lai Chao-Han - - 2007
Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve in combination with Tetralogy of Fallot is extremely rare. We report a patient with these combined entities in a baby presented with cyanosis and right heart failure soon after birth. Total correction toward biventricular repair was successfully conducted when he was 7 months old. ...
Stulak John M - - 2007
Ebstein's malformation is a congenital anomaly of the tricuspid valve and right ventricle. Surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly improves functional class and exercise tolerance, eliminates right-to-left intracardiac shunting (if present), and reduces the incidence of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. As a result, quality of life and survival are improved. Because of the ...
Isidro Alice B - - 2007
Patients who require surgical therapy for the treatment of tricuspid valve regurgitation can avoid undergoing tricuspid valve replacement if valve-sparing repair techniques are employed. Tricuspid valvular endocarditis frequently requires valvectomy, leaving the right side of the heart and pulmonary system vulnerable to unregulated blood flow. We present a case of ...
García-Rinaldi Raúl - - 2007
Treatment of endocarditis of the tricuspid valve is very complex. Valvectomy without replacement can result in significant postoperative morbidity, and replacement is hazardous due to the possibility of prosthetic infection. Repair of the tricuspid valve is the best alternative. Many ingenious methods have been devised to repair the tricuspid valve ...
Cohn William E - - 2007
Newer generations of assist devices for postcardiotomy support in patients with ventricular failure have eliminated bearings and incorporated suspended impellers, smaller cannulae and hardware, and simplified insertion techniques. We describe the use of a surgically implanted, percutaneous, continuous-flow centrifugal pump (the TandemHeart percutaneous ventricular assist device) as part of a ...
van der Velde Nathalie - - 2007
The European and American guidelines state the need for echocardiography in patients with syncope. 50% of older adults with syncope present with a fall. Nonetheless, up to now no data have been published addressing echocardiographic abnormalities in older fallers. In order to determine the association between echocardiographic abnormalities and falls ...
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