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Reddy Venkataramana K - - 2008
We describe a patient with blunt traumatic chest injury in whom three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) confirmed the findings of a flail anterior tricuspid valve leaflet and ruptured anterior papillary muscle seen on two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, and in addition identified multiple chordae tendinae rupture of the posterior leaflet. Open heart surgery ...
Kappert Utz - - 2008
Functional tricuspid regurgitation secondary to mitral valve disease can not be attributed to the dilatation of the tricuspid annulus alone. Furthermore, geometrical changes of the right ventricle lead to tethering of the tricuspid valve leaflets and thereby to an incomplete leaflet coaptation. With this pathologic entity, conventional isolated tricuspid valve ...
Gardiner Helena M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the morphologic and physiological predictors of post-natal surgical pathway in a longitudinal series of fetuses with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) and/or critical pulmonary stenosis with reversal of ductal flow (CPS) using statistical modeling. BACKGROUND: Pulmonary atresia with intact ...
Pashankar Farzana D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence and risk factors of elevated pulmonary artery pressures in children with homozygous SS or Sbeta(0) thalassemia using Doppler echocardiography and (2) to determine a correlation between abnormal transcranial Doppler examinations and elevated pulmonary artery pressures. METHODS: Screening echocardiograms ...
Sughimoto Koichi - - 2008
A 65-year-old woman with a Hancock valve implanted 25 years earlier for Ebstein's anomaly underwent a successful second tricuspid valve replacement with a Mosaic valve because of significant tricuspid regurgitation. At surgery, it was found that the Hancock valve had a cylinder-shaped hole and had lost its entire structure. Tricuspid ...
Mousavi Negareh - - 2008
A Chiari's network, noted in approximately 2% of the general population, is a congenital remnant of the sinus venosum valve present in the right atrium. We report a case of a 67-year-old male who presented with acute infective endocarditis of the tricuspid valve due to coagulase-negative Staphylococci. Despite appropriate antimicrobial ...
Bréchot Nicolas - - 2008
AIMS: Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) cannot always be assessed from Doppler-detected tricuspid regurgitation (TR), especially when sPAP is normal. The right ventricular isovolumic relaxation time (rIVRT) is related to sPAP, and assessment of rIVRT by tissular Doppler imaging (rIVRT') has recently been proposed as an alternative method for estimating ...
Anyanwu Ani C - - 2008
Secondary or functional tricuspid regurgitation occurring late after mitral valve surgery is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In this article, we review the pathophysiology of secondary tricuspid regurgitation and the evidence supporting the use of tricuspid valve annuloplasty for preventing and treating secondary tricuspid regurgitation. Liberal application of tricuspid ...
DiLorenzo William R - - 2008
Cardiac papillary fibroelastomas are rare, usuallybenign tumors that can be detected at autopsy, during open-heart surgery, or with echocardiography. They usually arise from the cardiac valves and more commonly are found on the left side of the heart. Embolization of left-sided and tricuspid valve tumors has been well documented. This ...
Emine Bilen Senkaya - - 2008
Myxomatous disease generally affects mitral valve. However, tricuspid valves also can be involved in 20% of the myxomatous mitral valve disease. Valve prolapse, elongation of chordae and chordae rupture are generally seen complications of the myxomatous disease. There are some reports about severe tricuspid regurgitation due to tricuspid valve prolapse ...
Bors V - - 2008
We present a rare case of bullet embolism from the left brachiocephalic vein to the right ventricle, following a chest gunshot wound, in a 56-year-old soldier. The bullet was accidentally discovered on a systematic chest X-ray. The bullet was very close to the tricuspid subvalvular apparatus and was about to ...
Celiker Alpay - - 2008
Ventricular septal defects (VSD), which cause volume overload, may be closed by interventional method. The success depends on the precise anatomic definition of the defect and its relation to other cardiac structures. We report our first experiences of transcatheter closure of perimembranous and muscular VSD. Between May 2005 and September ...
Gullu Ahmet Umit - - 2008
In non-addicted patients, several states such as alcoholism, previous valvular heart disease or prosthetic valve replacement, immunodeficiency states, prolonged intravenous hyperalimentation, permanent pacemakers, and some congenital heart diseases can provide the predisposing factors for tricuspid valve endocarditis. It is an extremely rare occurrence in patients with normal native cardiac valves. ...
Rashid Abbas - - 2008
We report the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with several episodes of left precordial pain, one of which had been severe, but was unrelated to exertion or posture. Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance showed evidence of congenital partial absence of the left pericardium and severe tricuspid regurgitation. ...
Shah Pravin M - - 2008
The normal tricuspid valve anatomy and function have several dissimilarities to the corresponding mitral valve in the left heart, in part, based on lower pressures in the right heart chambers. The functional abnormalities resulting from tricuspid valve disease are classified as primary and secondary. Primary valve disease is any associated ...
Yoda Masataka - - 2008
Transvenous endocardial pacemaker implantation is contraindicated in patients after prosthetic tricuspid valve replacement. A 65-year-old woman underwent both replacement of the mitral and tricuspid valves and pacemaker implantation with epicardial lead for bradycardia with chronic atrial fibrillation. At 2 years after this operation, the pacemaker's battery became low, and she ...
Dittrich Sven - - 2008
An 8-year-old (35 kg) boy presented with progressive right ventricular outflow tract enlargement (28 mm) and progressive tricuspid regurgitation after transannular repair of tetralogy of Fallot and was scheduled for pulmonary valve replacement. To spare reoperation on full sternotomy, a transverse mini-thoracotomy through the third intercostal space was used to ...
D'Aloia Antonio - - 2008
A woman with skin findings of a connective tissue disorder, typical of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, was admitted to the Cardiology Division because of signs of congestive heart failure. Electrocardiogram showed sinus tachycardia, signs of right ventricular enlargement and hypertrophy. Echocardiogram showed right ventricular dilatation, and severe tricuspid regurgitation with indirect signs ...
Yalta Kenan - - 2008
The Fontan procedure has become a generic term to define a surgical procedure that orients the systemic venous return directly to the pulmonary arteries, and has been used as a palliative operation for pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia, double inlet ventricle and complex single ventricle. The earliest type of Fontan procedure ...
D'Aloia A - - 2008
Primary amyloidosis is a rare disorder in which insoluble fibers are deposited in tissue and organs, impairing their function. Cardiac involvement occurs in up to 50% of patients with primary amyloidosis. We describe a case of a 75-year-old admitted to our department after he had a sudden cardiac arrest due ...
Loupy A - - 2008
Pacemaker (PM) induced tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common echocardiographic finding. Although mild or moderate TR is frequently observed, severe TR is rare. We report the exceptional observation of a severe TR due to leaflet malcoaptation occurring late after PM implantation and in the following weeks after an aortic valve ...
Bouhemad Bélaïd - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In spontaneously breathing cardiac patients, pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) can be accurately estimated from the transthoracic Doppler study of pulmonary artery and tricuspid regurgitation blood flows. In critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation for acute lung injury, the interposition of gas between the probe and the heart renders the ...
Kim Hyungseop - - 2008
Spontaneous chordae rupture of the tricuspid valve is relatively rare, unlike the mitral valve. We present a 27-year-old male with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis therapy for treatment of parathyroid adenoma. The echocardiography showed the severe tricuspid regurgitation with chordae rupture which was not noted 1 year ago. In addition, ...
Marzolino Philip S - - 2008
Transesophageal echocardiography can incidentally detect cardiac masses. A right atrial mass has many possible causes, including metastatic extension from various solid organs, malignant melanoma, mediastinal cysts, hematoma, myxoma, lipoma, and artifact.Herein, we report our discovery of a right atrial mass during the initial intraoperative transesophageal echocardiographic examination of a patient ...
Aggarwal Sanjeev - - 2008
Ebstein's anomaly (EA) is associated with poor outcome in symptomatic neonates. Management typically includes prostaglandins or surgical creation of a Blalock-Taussig shunt. Right ventricular afterload reduction may help by improving the forward flow across the pulmonary valve. We report the successful use of oral sildenafil, a pulmonary vasodilator, in a ...
Kalantre Atul - - 2007
Paravalvular leaks are a recognized complication of valve replacement surgery. We report a 47-year-old man with left atrial isomerism, interrupted left sided inferior caval vein with unilateral left sided superior caval vein, a common atrium, and anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the coronary sinus, who had recurrent severe para-right atrioventricular ...
Doi Atsuo - - 2007
Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is a fairly rare complication following blunt chest trauma but not as uncommon as it was believed to be before the advent of transthoracic echocardiography. We report a case of severe tricuspid regurgitation with ruptured chordae tendineae 10 years after blunt chest trauma that was successfully repaired ...
Skwarek M - - 2007
The tricuspid valve is of great importance because of the progress made in operative techniques and invasive cardiology accidents. This structure is more differentiated during evolution than the mitral valve. Accessory leaflets, their frequency and role are still controversial, despite the fact that they have been known from the beginning ...
Ando Makoto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is a limitation to the ability of the tricuspid or common atrioventricular valve to function in the systemic position, and insufficiency of these valves often carries an important risk during the staged surgical reconstruction in single ventricle. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of ...
Connolly David J - - 2007
Acquired tricuspid valve stenosis (TVS) is a rare complication of endocardial lead placement in humans that has not been described in the veterinary literature. We describe a 6.5-year-old Border terrier that was presented with right-sided congestive heart failure 5.5 years after placement of a transvenous pacemaker. Severe TVS was confirmed ...
Barbara David W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly has been described extensively in autopsy material. However, there have been no large surgical pathology series of this malformation. OBJECTIVE: To review clinical and surgical pathologic features of a large number of cases of Ebstein's anomaly from a single institution. METHODS: Review of medical histories, surgical reports, ...
Iwai Shigemitsu - - 2007
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is a concern in the long term after Kawashima intraventricular rerouting for Taussig-Bing anomaly. This study assessed the late results and left ventricular outflow tract dimensions after intraventricular rerouting for Taussig-Bing anomaly in 6 children. Age at operation ranged from 8 months to 7 years. ...
Samyn Margaret M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To characterize the range of biventricular size and function evaluated by steady-state free precession (SSFP) cine magnetic resonance (MR) in a large cohort of patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and to compare these measurements in those with a right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) patch vs. a right ...
Hinton Robert B RB - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the size of the genetic effect (heritability) in families identified by a hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) proband. BACKGROUND: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a severe form of cardiovascular malformation (CVM), and it remains a leading cause of infant mortality and childhood morbidity. Familial ...
Lee Kyung Jin - - 2008
A 55-year-old woman with carcinoid valvular heart disease was referred for consideration of right-sided valve replacement. By transthoracic 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, there was severe tricuspid regurgitation and mild right ventricular dysfunction. The pulmonary valve was thickened with annular constriction and severe regurgitation. Real-time 3-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography provided an en ...
Minai Omar A - - 2007
Pulmonary arterial hypertension should be considered in patients who present with nonspecific symptoms such as dyspnea or dizziness after more common causes have been ruled out. Echocardiography can help in the diagnosis: special attention should be given to assess the tricuspid valve and right ventricular function. Before starting treatment, a ...
Knott-Craig Christopher J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Severely symptomatic neonates and young infants with Ebstein's anomaly usually die without surgical intervention. The relative risks and benefits of single-ventricle palliation versus a two-ventricle repair are uncertain. In a recent series, 69% early survival with single-ventricle palliation was reported in 16 neonates with Ebstein's anomaly. Our institutional bias ...
Betrián Blasco Pedro - - 2008
An asymptomatic 1-month-old girl was studied in another institution because of the presence of a cardiac murmur, and referred to our center for further evaluation as a result of tricuspid valve abnormalities detected in the echocardiographic study. Echocardiography revealed a very redundant, thin, freely mobile structure in the right atrium, ...
Oosterhof Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the optimal timing of pulmonary valve replacement, we analyzed preoperative thresholds of right ventricular (RV) volumes above which no decrease or normalization of RV size takes place after surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1993 and 2006, 71 adult patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot underwent pulmonary valve ...
Hasdemir Can - - 2007
Coronary artery (CA) narrowings and/or occlusions after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) have been reported. The aim of this study was to describe the in vivo topographic anatomy of CAs and their anatomic relation to the mitral and tricuspid annulus using selective coronary angiography. Fifty consecutive patients undergoing RFA for narrow QRS ...
Gurudevan Swaminatha V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) are important hemodynamic parameters in patients with advanced cardiopulmonary disease. We undertook this study to determine whether Doppler tissue imaging of the tricuspid annulus could be used to assess PAP and PVR noninvasively. METHODS: We studied 50 consecutive patients with ...
Tsunekawa Tomohiro - - 2007
One patient with major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries and heterotaxy underwent staged unifocalizations, and eventually the staged Fontan completion. Subsequent to the bidirectional Glenn procedure, the left pulmonary artery was once thrombozed, but successfully treated. The progressively regurgitant common atrioventricular valve needed repair twice during the course. Pulmonary arterial pressure was ...
Iscan Zafer H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Current knowledge in long-term results of tricuspid valve replacement is limited. Present study reviews our experience from a consecutive series. METHODS: Forty-two patients (16 male, 26 female; mean age: 33+/-15) underwent tricuspid valve replacement between March 1987 and December 2004. The etiology was rheumatic in 64%, Ebstein's anomaly in ...
Bavunoglu Isil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 26-year-old man with known but untreated ventricular septal defect was admitted to the emergency ward with abdominal pain, fever and weight loss. Transthoracic echocardiography showed multiple vegetations on the anterior mitral leaflet, a mobile vegetation on the surface of the aortic noncoronary cusp and another on the tricuspid ...
Thors Axel - - 2007
This is a report of a patient with an atrial septal defect with right-to-left shunting, flail tricuspid valve, and complete heart block secondary to blunt chest trauma after a motor vehicle accident. The patient surgically repaired with pericardial recreation of atrial septum, bioprosthetic tricuspid valve replacement, and pacemaker insertion. The ...
Boon Rody - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pediatric atrioventricular valve repair with artificial chordae. METHODS: Between February 2001 and January 2006, artificial chords were used in 21 children with severe mitral or tricuspid valve regurgitation. Patients with AVSD were excluded. Median age was 84 (1-194) months. Five patients had isolated tricuspid valve anomalies, 16 ...
Pothineni Koteswara R - - 2007
Twenty-nine patients with different tricuspid valve (TV) pathologies were studied by both two-dimensional transthoracic (2DTTE) and live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE). A major contribution of 3DTTE over 2DTTE was the en face visualization of all three leaflets of the TV in all patients. This allowed accurate assessment of TV ...
Ilina Maria V - - 2007
We describe an infant with the antenatal diagnosis of a large intracardiac rhabdomyoma causing tricuspid inflow obstruction. Postnatal cyanosis and arterial hypoxemia prompted commencement of intravenous prostaglandin E1 with immediate improvement in saturations. Clinical and genetic testing confirmed diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis. To secure ductal patency, two tandem coronary stents ...
Mehrotra D - - 2007
Introduction Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation secondary to blunt chest trauma has been reported in literature. We report our experience with a case of 'Torrential Tricuspid Regurgitation' following permanent pacemaker lead extraction which was successfully treated with tricuspid valve repair and annuloplasty. Report A 67 year old woman was treated for Sick ...
Sukmawan Renan - - 2007
Geometric changes of tricuspid valve, particularly leaflets configuration, in functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remain to be defined. We sought to investigate geometric changes of tricuspid valve tenting in functional TR secondary to pulmonary hypertension by transthoracic real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). Real-time 3DE was performed in 30 individuals (17 patients with ...
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