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Kizilkan Nese - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of examining the coronary sinus (CS) anatomic diameter as an additional surrogate marker of severity in chronic rheumatic valve disease (RVD). METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, we echocardiographically analyzed 88 patients with RVD, and 104 normal subjects in the Department of Cardiology, Gaziantep University ...
Rohn V - - 2010
The authors describe an unusual case of a young adult patient with symptomatic tricuspid valve insufficiency as a late consequence of pulmonary valve balloon dilatation in childhood. Patient was successfully treated by tricuspid valve repair with neo-chordae implantation and a ring plasty. Two years after the operation the patient, an ...
Anyanwu Ani C - - 2010
In this review we summarize the data on epidemiology and natural history of functional tricuspid valve regurgitation as it applies to surgery for mitral valve disease. Tricuspid regurgitation in the context of mitral valve disease is frequent and is associated with substantial reduction in survival and quality of life. In ...
Nathan A T - - 2010
Congenital tricuspid valve disease (Ebstein's anomaly, tricuspid valve dysplasia) with severe tricuspid regurgitation and cardiomegaly is associated with poor prognosis. Fetal echocardiography can accurately measure right atrial enlargement, which is associated with a poor prognosis in the fetus with tricuspid valve disease. Fetal lung volumetric assessments have been used in ...
Beroukhim Rebecca S - - 2010
Double-outlet right atrium is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly previously described in association with atrioventricular canal defect. Straddling tricuspid valve is another uncommon anomaly that is almost always associated with a ventricular septal defect. We report the echocardiographic features of a newborn with double-outlet right atrium associated with pulmonary atresia, ...
Huang Shu-Chien - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Tricuspid valve size is the major determinant of outcomes for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Lack of right ventricle-pulmonary artery continuity is associated with poor tricuspid valve growth (decrement in Z-value). However, most reports did not show evidence for disproportionate growth of the tricuspid valve after ...
Moaref Ali Reza - - 2010
The most common valves involved in systemic lupus erythematosus are the mitral and aortic valves. Although isolated tricuspid valve involvement is quite rare, the authors report such a case. A 42-year-old woman presented with exertional dyspnea and was found to have a cardiac murmur. Echocardiography showed a stenotic tricuspid valve ...
Kanemitsu Shinji - - 2009
We report successful surgical management of a 26-year-old man with a ball-shaped thrombus of the tricuspid valve. He had been treated with prednisolone for IgA nephropathy and undergone surgical closure of an isolated ventricular septal defect (VSD). No symptoms, coagulative disorders, or pulmonary embolisms were found. Preoperative echocardiography showed a ...
Dearani Joseph A - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews three common abnormalities requiring surgical treatment in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD): Ebstein's anomaly, the failing Fontan, and pulmonary valve disease. RECENT FINDINGS: As of 2000, more adults than children are alive with CHD. Each year, more of these adults with CHD undergo ...
Choong Cliff K - - 2009
A diminutive pulmonary artery and right ventricular outflow tract in a 46-year-old woman with a 10-year history of carcinoid syndrome required transannular pulmonary patch enlargement to allow replacement of the pulmonary and tricuspid valves with bioprostheses. The avoidance of anticoagulation permitted further hepatic arterial embolization without an increased risk of ...
Ansari Sadia Tauqeer - - 2009
We present a 19-year-old college student completely asymptomatic who underwent successful Bjork surgery (right atrium-to-right ventricle connection) in infancy with excellent results. Surgical approach for tricuspid atresia is done in three stages. Blalock Tuassig shunt soon after birth or pulmonary artery band depending on the size of the ventricular septal ...
Yoshimura Naoki - - 2009
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is difficult to manage, and the surgical procedures are associated with high mortality and morbidity. The lesion is morphologically heterogeneous, with varying degrees of right ventricular and tricuspid valve hypoplasia. Aberrations of the coronary circulation are common. A single approach is impractical because the ...
Prabhu Mahesh R - - 2009
Transesophageal echocardiography has been shown to provide unique information about cardiac anatomy, function, hemodynamics and blood flow and is relatively easy to perform with a low risk of complications. Echocardiographic evaluation of the tricuspid and pulmonary valves can be achieved with two-dimensional and Doppler imaging. Transesophageal echocardiography of these valves ...
Johri Amer M - - 2009
Tricuspid valve endocarditis frequently occurs in the setting of intravenous drug use. A case of tricuspid valve endocarditis in a 37-year-old woman with a history of intravenous cocaine use is described. Transthoracic echocardiography showed extension of the tricuspid valve mass through a patent foramen ovale and into the left atrium. ...
Atik Fernando A - - 2009
A neonate with L-transposition of the great arteries with ventricular septal defect underwent complete repair using fresh autologous pericardium to close the ventricular septal defect as well as to reconstruct the neo pulmonary artery sinuses. Four months later, the child came back with right ventricular inflow obstruction related to aneurysmal ...
Guntheroth Warren G - - 2009
The physics of turbulence include Reynolds numbers, but they argued that these do not apply for biomedical applications. However, the 2 key variables, viscosity and flow velocity, are conceptually useful. They also warned that turbulence and murmurs are not equivalent, obvious from Doppler studies of children with innocent murmurs who ...
Tonni Gabriele - - 2010
PURPOSE: To confirm the central role of antenatal echocardiography and necropsy in the prenatal diagnosis of rare congenital heart defects. METHODS: A 33-year-old woman undergoing second trimester scan using 2D transabdominal and Doppler sonography. RESULTS: The echocardiographic examination showed, at the level of the four-chamber view, a predominant left ventricle ...
Bagga Shiv - - 2009
A rare presentation with rapidly progressive right heart failure due to tricuspid inflow obstruction (simulating right-sided valvular heart disease) caused by a non-coronary cusp sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with small perforation is reported. The aneurysm was causing ball valve obstruction at the tricuspid valve, leading to dilated right atrium and ...
Lee Meng-Luen - - 2009
Outcomes in 6 neonates with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) undergoing radiofrequency pulmonary valvulotomy and valvuloplasty (RPVV) were reported to identify the factors favorable for RPVV as the treatment of choice. From May 2000 to January 2008, 6 patients with PAIVS were included in this retrospective study. They ...
Dadkhah Réza - - 2009
Left ventricular (LV) to right atrial (RA) communication, also known as Gerbode defect, is very rare, usually congenital but sometimes also acquired. Cases of Gerbode defect have been reported after left valve surgery, usually valve replacement. We describe the first case of LV-RA communication following a tricuspid annuloplasty not combined ...
Umakanthan Ramanan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Open heart surgery is commonly associated with cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. The attendant risks of cardiopulmonary bypass may be prohibitive in high-risk patients. We present a novel endoscopic technique of performing tricuspid valve repair without cardiopulmonary bypass in a beating ovine heart. METHODS: Six sheep underwent sternotomy and ...
Ji Guang-Yu - - 2009
The case is reported of Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve with rheumatic mitral stenosis and aortic incompetence. In this extremely rare clinical entity, right ventricular dysfunction and respiratory dysfunction occur due to severe mitral stenosis and tricuspid regurgitation. The present case was managed with aortic and mitral valve replacement ...
Matias Carla - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Systemic sclerosis is associated with pulmonary artery hypertension. Speckle-tracking-derived strain and strain rate may be a diagnostic tool to detect early changes in right ventricular function, before pulmonary artery hypertension development. Our aim was to assess whether speckle-tracking-derived strain and strain-rate parameters may detect right ventricular early ...
Tanous David - - 2010
We report the first use of a stented pulmonic valve within the right atrial to right ventricular conduit of a patient who underwent a Björk modification Fontan for tricuspid atresia. In effect, a functional tricuspid valve was created. This case report demonstrates the feasibility of transcatheter valve replacement in positions ...
Takahashi Hiroaki - - 2009
Carcinoid tumors usually originate in the gastrointestinal tract, but in rare instances they may arise in other organs. A patient with severe tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation because of carcinoid syndrome successfully underwent double valve replacement using bioprostheses. The patient was finally diagnosed with carcinoid heart disease from an isolated ovarian ...
Mohan Jagdish C - - 2009
Congenitally unguarded tricuspid valve orifice, a variant of tricuspid valve dysplasia, is a rare malformation with protean manifestations. This report describes a 5-year old child with refractory heart failure who, on echocardiography, was found to have unguarded tricuspid valve orifice with severe tricuspid regurgitation, pulmonary valve dysplasia with severe pulmonary ...
Hussain Tarique - - 2009
We describe a case of tricuspid stenosis in a young woman 11 years after endocardial ventricular lead implantation. The cause of the stenosis appears to have been perforation of the septal leaflet by the lead at the time of insertion. We further describe successful management with percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty without ...
Herberg Ulrike - - 2009
Combined pulmonary and aortic valvar stenosis is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. Fetuses and neonates with critical pulmonary valve stenosis or atresia and intact ventricular septum may present with varying degrees of abnormalities of the right ventricle, tricuspid valve, and coronary arteries, but combination of right and left ventricular outflow ...
Aboulhosn Jamil A - - 2009
A 56-year-old patient with severe pulmonary hypertension developed severe tricuspid regurgitation, right-sided heart failure, and congestive hepatopathy. She was transferred for possible lung transplant and/or tricuspid valve surgery. Clinical and echocardiographic assessment provided confidence that acute tricuspid valve failure was responsible for the decompensation and that tricuspid valve replacement despite ...
Kondoh Haruhiko - - 2009
We describe a tricuspid valve ring annuloplasty for a 67-year-old woman who had an extremely dilated tricuspid valve annulus. During surgery, we found that the septal segment of the annulus was dilated to 60 mm, nearly double its normal size. Therefore, a standard annuloplasty without a prosthetic ring seemed unlikely ...
Khurana Suchi - - 2009
Blunt chest-wall trauma is common; however, resultant tricuspid valve rupture is rare and can be subtle in its presentation. Transthoracic echocardiography plays a key role in diagnosis. Herein, we report the case of a 42-year-old woman who sustained substantial chest-wall trauma in a high-speed motor vehicle accident. She presented a ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2008
Massive right atrial (RA) enlargement is certainly more common in children than in adults, owing to rare congenital anomalies. Indeed, the largest description of such chamber enlargement was noted in a child, where the RA volume was reported to be 900 ml. We now report one of the largest descriptions ...
Krishnan Anita N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in fetuses of women with clinical or serologic evidence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A retrospective review of fetal echocardiograms performed secondary to maternal SLE or connective tissue antibodies with or without fetal complete heart block (CHB) was performed to evaluate ...
Paino Anna Maria - - 2008
Right cardiac thrombosis is an infrequent complication after pacemaker implant. We report a patient who received a biventricular implantable cardioverter defibrillator, with a large mobile thrombus, adherent to the left ventricular lead. This catheter was partially dislocated, with a large, mobile loop through the right atrium and right ventricle; so ...
Krishnan Anita - - 2009
Tricuspid stenosis secondary to ventricular pacemaker leads is uncommon. We present a unique case of iatrogenic tricuspid stenosis secondary to fusion of the valve leaflets to transvenous implanted pacing leads. This occurred in an adult with childhood repaired Tetralogy of Fallot and high grade surgical heart block following multiple pacemaker ...
Léobon Bertrand - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) after arterial switch operation (ASO) is rare. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the cases of 10 patients with LVOTOs post-ASO and analyzed the options used for the LVOTOs corrections and the patients' outcomes. METHODS: From December 1982 to December 2006, 1689 ...
Sirin B H - - 2008
We describe a case of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries plus dextrocardia and normal anatomical abdominal viscera. Systemic (tricuspid) valve replacement was performed due to moderately severe valve regurgitation. An unusual operative technique was used because of the patient's rare morphology. On cardiopulmonary bypass, the systemic valve was ...
Hirota Masanori - - 2008
We report a rare case of unguarded tricuspid orifice with pulmonary atresia, which is devoid of any guarding valvular tissue at tricuspid annulus. A left Blalock-Taussig shunt was constructed on the 17th day of life. At 4 years of age, a bidirectional Glenn's operation was performed for the further growth ...
Lorsheyd Anouk - - 2009
A 53-year-old woman was admitted because of sudden onset of severe chest pain and palpitations. Her medical history revealed an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia caused by arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy for which an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was implanted with epicardial patches. On 2D echocardiography, a mobile piece of ...
Simon Caterina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 70-year-old man with diabetes mellitus, fever of unknown origin and oliguria was admitted to hospital. Blood cultures were positive for a Staphylococcus aureus infection and antibiotic therapy was started. A year previously the patient had received a DDD pacemaker to treat sick sinus syndrome with intermittent atrioventricular block. ...
Dreyfus Gilles D - - 2008
This paper describes a technique for treating severe tricuspid regurgitation due to severe tethering of the tricuspid valve leaflets. The anterior tricuspid leaflet is augmented by use of an autologous pericardial patch, which increases its size, and hence its surface area of coaptation, allowing increased leaflet coaptation to occur with ...
Sugeng Lissa - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our study goals were to evaluate the 3-dimensional matrix array transesophageal echocardiographic (3D-MTEE) probe by assessing the image quality of native valves and other intracardiac structures. BACKGROUND: Because 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography with gated rotational acquisition is not used routinely as the result of artifacts, lengthy acquisition, and processing, a ...
Lapenna Elisabetta - - 2008
We report the case of a 52-year-old man who was referred to surgery because of severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation of Barlow's disease. In particular, the tricuspid valve was a 'four-leaflet valve' due to the presence of a small accessory leaflet between the septal and the posterior leaflets. The valve ...
Calafiore Antonio Maria - - 2008
A technique for tricuspid annuloplasty is presented, using a flexible 50mm long band, where the annular circumference is reduced to a fixed value of 78.5mm (circumference of #25 mm sizer). From June to February 2007, 15 consecutive patients with tricuspid regurgitation (TR) underwent tricuspid repair using this technique. The first ...
Akiyama Masatoshi - - 2008
Double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a rare congenital heart disease characterized by the presence of anomalous muscle bundles, which divide the right ventricle into two chambers: a high-pressure proximal chamber and a low-pressure distal chamber. Most DCRV patients are diagnosed and treated during childhood, and presentation in adulthood is not ...
Yajima Ichiro - - 2008
Melanocytes are mainly found in the skin and more rarely in other parts of the body, including the heart. We analyzed the localization of heart melanocytes and their levels of pigmentation in a series of mutant mice presenting different numbers of melanocytes and pigmentation in the skin. We found that ...
Aoyagi Shigeaki - - 2008
A 71-year-old woman was admitted for examination of a heart murmur and anemia. She had a history of mitral valve replacement and tricuspid ring annuloplasty 8 months prior to admission. A new systolic murmur was heard, and echocardiography showed a high-velocity jet originating from the left ventricular outflow tract to ...
Bernal José M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess factors influencing short- and long-term outcomes of surgery for rheumatic disease of the tricuspid valve. METHODS: Between 1974 and 2005, a total of 328 consecutive patients (mean age 51.3 +/- 13.6 years) underwent tricuspid valve surgery for rheumatic disease. There were 12 cases ...
Ahn Hyuk - - 2008
In the present study, the authors investigated the management of mechanical valve thrombosis (MVT). From January 1981 through March 2006, 2,908 mechanical valve replacements were performed in 2,298 patients at our institution. Twenty (0.87%) patients presented with MVT, 14 (70.0%) were women, and the mean age of the patients was ...
Tamborini Gloria - - 2008
Right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function are of diagnostic and prognostic importance in cardiac disease. Because of the peculiar morphology of the right ventricle, 2-dimensional echocardiography has several limitations in RV evaluation. Recently, new 3-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic software adapted for RV morphology was introduced. The aims of this study were ...
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