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Dey H M - - 1983
A case is presented in which a portable nuclear scintillation probe was used to detect tricuspid regurgitation. An electrocardiographically-gated scintigraphic collection obtained over the liver was correlated with findings from contrast echocardiography and jugular venous pulse tracings. The nuclear probe may provide a simple means for the detection of tricuspid ...
Mittermayer H - - 1983
We are presenting a case of endocarditis due to a penicillin-tolerant Streptococcus bovis in a 65-year-old patient. The minimal bactericidal concentration of penicillin (40 mg/l) was more than 100-fold the minimal inhibitory concentration (0.08 mg/l). The MBC of penicillin was 0.31 mg/l in the presence of 1.25 mg/l gentamicin. Cross-sectional ...
Tei C - - 1983
The tricuspid valve was examined by 2-dimensional (2-D) echocardiography in 14 patients with tricuspid valve prolapse (TVP) and in 16 normal subjects. Individual leaflets were identified anatomically and for frequency of prolapse. Maximal and minimal anular sizes were measured. Multiple tomograms of the tricuspid anulus were recorded at 30 degrees ...
Sharf M - - 1983
Ebstein's anomaly with pulmonary atresia was diagnosed in utero for the first time by fetal echocardiography. The fetus, examined at 35 weeks' gestation, had no extracardiac sonographic evidence of heart failure, but the heart filled the anterior portion of the chest. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed a huge right atrium. The tricuspid ...
Mathews J L - - 1983
A 48-year-old woman with known Ebstein's anomaly had bilateral, lower-extremity arterial emboli after a total abdominal hysterectomy. She underwent embolectomy, placement of a Greenfield caval filter, subsequent tricuspid valve replacement, and closure of an atrial septal defect. Antemortem diagnosis of a paradoxical embolus is rare. To our knowledge, this is ...
Sheikhzadeh A - - 1983
The diastolic rumbling murmur of mitral stenosis (MS) may be attenuated in the presence of low cardiac output, right ventricular enlargement, Lutembacher's syndrome, pulmonary emphysema, and obesity. In this report we would like to stress that the presence of tricuspid stenosis (TS) is an additional significant cause of silent MS. ...
Lutas E M - - 1983
Two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of a young man with recent drainage of a hemorrhagic pericardial effusion revealed persistent fluid and a massive tumor involving the right atrium, tricuspid valve, and right ventricle. Echocardiographic demonstration of right atrial wall rupture was confirmed at surgery; pathologic analysis showed a spindle cell sarcoma.
Joyce L D - - 1983
A 16-month-old child was born with pulmonic stenosis and a hypoplastic right ventricle. After palliative procedures, the patient began having signs of tricuspid insufficiency and stenosis necessitating a tricuspid valve replacement. A St. Jude Medical valve was implanted. While the child was on aspirin therapy, thrombus formation resulted in valve ...
Taber M - - 1983
Carcinoid syndrome was diagnosed in a 48-year-old man by urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid test results and liver biopsy findings. Cardiac catheterization disclosed tricuspid stenosis and mild pulmonic stenosis. The distinctive echocardiographic findings included a tricuspid valve moving in unison with the annulus and thickened immobile tricuspid leaflets. Unlike in rheumatic heart ...
Revuelta J M - - 1983
Thirty-one adult pig hearts were studied in a pulse duplicator to observe the changes induced by right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. Six were normal hearts, 7 had a transannular outflow patch and 18 a composite monocusp patch inserted. Abnormal movements and distortion of the posterior pulmonary leaflets were observed when ...
Acquatella H - - 1983
To assess the usefulness of two-dimensional echocardiography in the diagnosis of endomyocardial disease, 7 subjects with this disorder, proved by angiography or necropsy, were studied. Typical echographic findings included apical obliteration of either one or both ventricles by an echogenic mass with preserved systolic inwards motion. Some subjects showed increased ...
Riggs T W - - 1983
Two-dimensional echocardiograms and angiocardiograms were obtained in six infants and children, each with complete transposition of the great arteries, a ventricular septal defect and subvalvular pulmonary stenosis. In each case, the subpulmonary stenosis resulted from redundant tricuspid valve tissue which protruded through the ventricular septal defect and into the left ...
Longhini C - - 1983
Four patients with post traumatic tricuspid incompetence underwent complete two-dimensional echocardiographic study. Systolic intra-atrial protrusion of the anterior tricuspid leaflet beyond the valvular ring, with total loss of coaptation with the other leaflets, was documented in all patients. These abnormalities were not evident in all transducer locations suggesting the possibility ...
Dianzumba S B - - 1983
We describe a patient with massive pulmonary embolism and resultant acute cor pulmonale and severe tricuspid incompetence. Fine systolic tricuspid valve flutter was detected by echocardiography during the acute phase, but the flutter disappeared as the patient improved clinically and the signs of tricuspid incompetence were no longer observed. Systolic ...
Robertson W S - - 1983
Systolic ejection clicks, often associated with cardiac disease, can be distinguished from mid-systolic clicks of mitral and tricuspid origin, which are frequently benign. A different mid-systolic sound has been recognized, with timing similar to the mid-systolic clicks, which is associated with aortic insufficiency. This report describes a case in which ...
De la Cruz M V - - 1983
The contribution of the inferior endocardial cushion of the atrioventricular canal to cardiac septation and to the development of the atrioventricular valves was studied in the chick embryo by in vivo labelling techniques. The study was performed in White Leghorn chick embryos in which the dorsal cushion was labelled at ...
Gallo P - - 1983
This paper describes 2 cases of tricuspid valvular dysplasia (TVD) associated with aortic stenosis and mitral incompetence in newborns. Mitral regurgitation was due to dysplasia, which resembles its tricuspid counterpart and should be termed 'mitral valve dysplasia'. This association of tricuspid and mitral valve dysplasia has been reported only once ...
DeLeon S Y - - 1982
In 2 patients (single ventricle and dextrotransposition of the great arteries with hypoplastic right ventricle) who underwent a modified Fontan procedure, significant disruption of the tricuspid patch developed. The valved conduits remained patent until reoperation at two and six months, respectively. At the time of reclosure of the tricuspid patch, ...
Howard R J - - 1982
We prospectively studied 14 patients with the carcinoid syndrome to determine if two-dimensional echocardiography could detect the nature and extent of valvular abnormalities. Eight of the 14 patients had definite abnormalities of the right-sided cardiac valves. The tricuspid valve had a characteristic appearance, similar to previously described pathologic findings. The ...
Miyatake K - - 1982
We analyzed tricuspid regurgitation noninvasively using ultrasonic pulsed Doppler and two-dimensional echocardiography in 66 patients in whom tricuspid regurgitation was suspected from routine clinical evaluation. All of the patients also underwent right ventriculography. Ten healthy subjects served as controls. In 62 of 66 patients, the study was adequately performed. In ...
Shore D F - - 1982
Two cases of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and severe tricuspid stenosis are described in which the initial angiographic diagnosis was tricuspid atresia and pulmonary atresia. Two dimensional echocardiography showed the features of an imperforate tricuspid valve because in each case contrast echocardiography failed to show anterograde flow from ...
Vallejo J L - - 1982
We recently saw a patient with endomyocardial fibrosis of the left ventricle, with aortic, mitra, and tricuspid valve involvement. The patient resided in Madrid and had never been to Africa. There was no history of filariasis. The patient underwent left ventricle endocardiectomy, aortic and mitral valve replacement with tricuspid valve ...
Dancy M - - 1982
Twenty-seven patients with complete right bundle-branch block as the only abnormal finding were studied using high speed M-mode echocardiography to determine the effect of the electrical delay on the mechanical events of right ventricular systole. Pulmonary valve opening (PVOm) was delayed in all cases. In some the delay was mainly ...
Revuelta J M - - 1982
It is desirable to repair coexistent tricuspid valve pathology at the time of mitral valve corrections. Conservative tricuspid repair may consist of commissurotomy, annuloplasty, or both. It is important that the repair be appropriate or tricuspid valve replacement may be necessary. A simple reproducible method of intraoperative testing for tricuspid ...
Tei C - - 1982
The tricuspid valve leaflets and their annular attachments were recorded by two-dimensional echocardiography from a view of the right ventricular inflow tract obtained by placing the transducer at an intermediate position between the left ventricular apex and the left lower sternal border. The transducer was rotated, and recordings were made ...
George B O - - 1982
M-mode echocardiographic findings are described in 21 patients with endomyocardial fibrosis. Features associated with right ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis include: (i) exaggerated motion and thickening of the anterior right ventricular wall; (ii) increased right ventricular end-diastolic dimension; and (iii) paradoxical septal motion. Pericardial effusion (viz an echo-free space behind the posterior ...
Bull C - - 1982
The dismal outlook for patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum may be related to associated right ventricular hypoplasia. Study of 32 autopsy specimens and 46 angiocardiograms of neonates with this lesion suggested that the cavitary hypoplasia was related to massive hypertrophy of the right ventricular wall. This hypertrophy ...
Westerman G R - - 1982
From August 1974 through April 1981, 23 patients, ages 5 months to 40 years (median 11 years) with corrected transposition of the great arteries (C-TGA), underwent repair of associated intracardiac defects: 20 for ventricular septal defect (VSD), 19 for pulmonary outflow tract obstruction, and five for anatomic tricuspid valve regurgitation. ...
Wenink A C - - 1982
The anatomy of 25 hearts with a straddling mitral or tricuspid valve, or both, is described. Malalignment of atrial and ventricular septa is an essential feature of a straddling tricuspid valve, creating an inlet septal defect. Across this defect, the tricuspid valve straddles into the opposite (left ventricular) chamber, where ...
Allan L D - - 1982
The M-mode echocardiogram can be obtained in the developing human fetus from around the 16th week of gestation until term. Errors in interpretation of the M-mode echocardiogram can be avoided by concurrent two dimensional fetal cardiac examination. The pattern of motion of the mitral, tricuspid, aortic, and pulmonary valves and ...
Iwasaki T - - 1982
Echocardiographic findings in five patients with pulmonary embolism were studied. Tricuspid echocardiograms showed abnormalities in valve motion, that is a monophasic triangular wave during diastole in all the patients as well as an increased dimension of the right ventricle. An "a' dip of the pulmonary valve echocardiogram was also recognised ...
Eijgelaar A - - 1982
Up to December 1980 we performed 21 Fontan operations: 8 for tricuspid atresia and 13 for a functional monoventricle. Although palliative, the operation is currently a good method of treating tricuspid atresia. In our experience, the use of a sufficiently large atriopulmonary valved conduit assures a more satisfactory immediate postoperative ...
Rigby M L - - 1982
The majority of hearts in which selective right or left atrial angiography shows no direct communication between one atrium and a ventricular chamber are considered to be examples of atresia of the right or left atrioventricular valves. Most patients presenting with the clinical features of tricuspid atresia have an absent ...
Huhta J C - - 1982
Structural abnormalities of the tricuspid valve were encountered in 38 of 121 autopsy specimens of complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) (31%). Forty abnormalities were identified, including severe straddling of the tricuspid valve tensor apparatus in two, valvular dysplasia in two, left ventricular outflow ...
Friedman J M - - 1982
A 23-year-old woman and her 2 1/2-year-old son both had large hernias, positional foot deformities, abnormal thoracic shape, asthma, and severe eczematoid dermatitis. Their facial appearance was quite similar and included asymmetry with prominent nasal bridge and small jaw. In addition, the mother had severe thoracolumbar kyphoscolosis and "cigarette paper" ...
Goessler M C - - 1982
A previously healthy 8-year-old girl with a normal heart had development of tricuspid valve staphylococcal endocarditis. Serial two-dimensional echocardiograms first demonstrated an enlarging vegetation and later showed reduction in its size coincident with a pulmonary embolus. The occurrence of the pulmonary embolus along with persistent fevers, despite adequate antibiotic treatment, ...
Mattila S - - 1982
During the ten-year period 1972-81 four patients, two men and two women, with Ebstein's disease underwent operation at our institution. Their average age was 34. Central cyanosis at rest, clubbing and polycythaemia were the most common clinical features of the patients. Enlarged heart, a small pulmonary arterial arch and transluminal ...
Saito A - - 1981
Right ventricular (RV) volume was calculated by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) using a subxiphoidal approach in 31 patients with congenital heart disease. Using 2DE, two views which were equivalent to the frontal and lateral views of RV angiocardiograms were obtained. Frontal view was defined as the plane which included the apex ...
Lumia F J - - 1981
In a retrospective study correlating the degree of tricuspid regurgitation seen on first-pass radionuclide angiography with that seen on contrast right ventriculography in 51 patients, ten had no tricuspid regurgitation by contrast ventriculography, whereas by radionuclide angiography nine had no regurgitation and one had minimal regurgitation. Of eight patients with ...
Smallhorn J F - - 1981
Sixteen patients with a straddling tricuspid and two with a straddling mitral valve were identified by two dimensional echocardiography. In all but one the atrioventricular valves appeared at the same level, indicating absence of the ventriculoatrial septum. A straddling valve was diagnosed by identifying subvalvular apparatus from one atrioventricular valve ...
Ben-Shachar G - - 1981
A nine-year-old patient with tricuspid atresia and normally related great vessels underwent a Fontan procedure, in which a porcine valved Dacron conduit was interposed between the right atrium and pulmonary trunk. After death, 6 months postoperatively, pathological examination revealed a thick layer of neointima (peel) lining the conduit. The peel ...
Laks H - - 1981
Although pulmonary regurgitation is generally well tolerated, reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract and insertion of a pulmonary valve are indicated in some patients. This procedure was performed in 12 patients, ages 1 1/2-17 years (mean 10 years). Seven had tetralogy of Fallot; of these, one underwent primary repair ...
Coto E O - - 1981
We present three hearts showing right atrial outlet atresia with straddling left atrioventricular valve; clinical data of two of the patients are reported. For semantic and practical reasons we believe the terms tricuspid or mitral atresia should not be used in these cases, and atrial outlet atresia is preferable; for ...
Caralps J M - - 1981
Two patients with Ebstein's anomaly and severe cardiac impairment underwent surgical repair with tricuspid valve replacement and closure of associated congenital septal defects. No attempt was made to plicate the atrialized right ventricle. Good cardiac function was obtained at the end of the procedure, with uniform contractions of the whole ...
Asinger R W - - 1981
Observations made in detecting left ventricular thrombus with two dimensional echocardiography in 25 patients are reviewed. In 20 patients thrombus was documented on angiography, surgery postmortem examination or serial two dimensional echocardiographic findings; in the remaining five patients two dimensional echocardiographic findings of thrombus were unequivocal. In all 25 patients ...
Anderson R H - - 1981
In this paper we have reviewed the salient features of the anatomy of mitral atresia which should be of interest to the clinician. In the preceding paper, we reviewed the comparable features of tricuspid atresia, defined as lack of exit from the systemic venous atrium, even though some of the ...
Ubago J L - - 1981
The value of right ventriculography in the diagnosis of tricuspid insufficiency (TI) is often questioned because of 1) the high incidence of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) during injections and 2) interference of the catheter in the valve closure mechanism. In 168 patients a commercially available, not preshaped, balloon-tipped catheter was ...
Semb B K - - 1981
In eight patients from 1976 until 1980, tricuspid atresia (TA) was corrected with valved xenograft conduits between either the right atrium and the main pulmonary artery or between the right atrium and the rudimentary right ventricle. All patients suffered from transient right-heart failure postoperatively and eventually developed normalized cardiac function ...
Borow K M - - 1981
Echocardiographic, phonocardiographic, and pulse tracing recordings demonstrated clinically unsuspected tricuspid stenosis in a 53-year-old man with a prosthetic mitral valve and signs of right heart failure. Physiologic correlates of the patient's heart sounds and diastolic murmur were studied by simultaneous M-mode echocardiograms and phonocardiograms. Cardiac catheterization and subsequent valve surgery ...
D'Cruz I A - - 1980
Echocardiography (M-mode and cross-sectional) disclosed premature opening of the pulmonary valve (very deep "a" wave) in a young man who underwent tricuspid valvulectomy without valve replacement 32 months before for refractory bacterial endocarditis. Cardiac catheterisation showed a prominent atrial wave on the pulmonary artery pressure curve. Thus, part of the ...
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