Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 812
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Thiene G - - 1989
A long-term experimental morphological study was carried out in 22 adult sheep to evaluate a new pericardial valve prosthesis (Pericarbon), which had been implanted in the tricuspid or mitral position. This prosthetic device differs substantially from others in that its construction design consists of two sheets of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium ...
Reef V B - - 1989
Pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography was performed on 30 clinically normal 1- to 6-year-old racing Standardbreds. There were 13 females, 13 geldings, and 4 stallions. Cardiac disease was not detected with M-mode, 2-dimensional real-time or pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography. Normal flow velocities for right and left atrial outflow, right and left ventricular outflow, ...
Miyagawa S - - 1988
The cardiovascular teratogenicity of nimustine hydrochloride (ACNU) was studied in rat fetuses. This drug is a nitrosourea derivative anticancer agent and produces alkylation of DNA. Pregnant Donryu rats were treated with single doses of 10, 11 or 13 mg/kg of the teratogen at various stages during gestation. Examination of the ...
Di Lello F - - 1988
A 21-year follow-up after tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) with a Starr-Edwards caged-ball prosthesis in a ten-year old boy is described. TVR is performed for Ebstein's anomaly, with strict indications in childhood. Despite the current preference for bioprostheses, good performance can be expected from the Starr-Edwards caged-ball valve.
Gewillig M - - 1988
Three patients with normal hearts and no pulmonary abnormality had neonatal tricuspid regurgitation causing cardiorespiratory distress and cyanosis. The signs of tricuspid regurgitation resolved over a few weeks. In the acute phase echocardiography showed gross dilatation of the right atrium and ventricle. The interatrial septum bulged into the left atrium ...
Mangschau A - - 1988
To study the effect of operation for left ventricular (LV) aneurysm on right ventricular (RV) performance, we studied 50 patients before operation with right heart catheterization, RV angiography, and radionuclide ventriculography. Forty patients were followed up and underwent the same investigations 10 +/- 4 months after operation. At baseline, regional ...
Kinney E L - - 1988
Few data are available regarding the prevalence and causes of false-negative auscultation (mis-auscultation) of aortic (AR), mitral (MR), or tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and there are no such data that are relevant when the patient's pretest probability of having regurgitation is unknown. The authors therefore studied 294 patients examined by pulsed ...
Datta B N - - 1988
Anatomically isolated aortic valve disease accounted for 1.1% of all and 5.2% of cardiac autopsies over a 20 year period. Among a total of 100 symptomatic cases, 52% had congenitally bicuspid, 43% had tricuspid and 5% had congenitally unicuspid valves. Nineteen percent had undergone fibrous sclerosis, including 1% unicuspid, 3% ...
Leung M P - - 1988
In this prospective study, 27 consecutive neonates suspected to be suffering from pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum underwent detailed two-dimensional echocardiographic examination before cardiac catheterization. Of the 27 neonates 25 had pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum and the remaining 2 had "functional pulmonary atresia" secondary to severe Ebstein's ...
Chin A J - - 1988
Transection of the main pulmonary artery and end-to-side anastomosis of the proximal pulmonary artery to the ascending aorta has been increasingly used in palliative surgery for cardiac malformations such as single ventricle with small outlet foramen (bulboventricular foramen) and hypoplastic left-heart syndrome. To evaluate pulmonary valve competence after this operation, ...
Hauck A J AJ Division of Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1988
Surgical pathologic features of the tricuspid valve were reviewed in 363 patients who had undergone tricuspid valve replacement at our institution during the period 1963 through 1987. Valves were purely regurgitant in 74%, stenotic and regurgitant in 23%, and purely stenotic in 2%; two valves were neither stenotic nor regurgitant. ...
Carpentier A - - 1988
Ebstein's anomaly is a complex malformation involving the tricuspid valve and the right ventricle. Various surgical techniques, either repair or replacement of the abnormal tricuspid valve, have been used with variable results. In an attempt to enlarge the indications of conservative procedures, we developed a technique of repair that comprises ...
McKay R - - 1988
In consideration of the limitations of mechanical and stent-mounted tissue valves, a technique was developed for tricuspid valve replacement using an inverted pulmonary homograft. It was used successfully in a 4-year-old patient operated on for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and in a 3 1/2-year-old girl with Ebstein's anomaly.
Alkalay A L - - 1988
Fatal tricuspid insufficiency secondary to papillary muscle rupture due to prenatal hypoxic insult occurred in a full-term newborn. The diagnosis of flail tricuspid valve should be considered when fetal distress is encountered in a newborn with persistent hypoxemia. Prenatal diagnosis of this condition combined with prompt delivery, prostaglandin E1 therapy, ...
Shrivastava S - - 1988
Concurrent percutaneous balloon dilatation of the mitral and tricuspid valve was performed in a 21-year-old female with severe rheumatic calcific mitral stenosis and severe tricuspid stenosis. The mean gradient across the mitral valve decreased from 30 mm Hg to an immediate post-dilatation level of 14 mm Hg and the mitral ...
Finck S J - - 1988
Our experience with pulmonary valve insertion during reoperation for residual lesions after initial open repair of tetralogy of Fallot in 15 patients is reported. Preoperatively, 14 patients were in moderate to severe congestive heart failure, and all 15 had decreased right ventricular (RV) function at cardiac catheterization. All 15 patients ...
Ledingham S J - - 1988
A 19 year old girl with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), in chronic renal failure and on haemodialysis, underwent tricuspid valve replacement with a Carpentier-Edwards xenograft because of a large calcified mass invading the right side of the heart. The mass caused no symptoms and had been discovered accidentally on a ...
Takao S - - 1988
Pulsed Doppler echocardiography in healthy individuals often shows a disturbance of diastolic flow in the right ventricular outflow tract just below the pulmonary valve that suggests regurgitation. This disturbance of diastolic flow was studied in 50 healthy individuals and 40 patients with cardiopulmonary disease, some of whom had a pulmonary ...
Shapiro L M - - 1988
The purpose of this paper was to examine valvar involvement in patients with intracardiac masses. Seven patients with intracardiac masses were studied by cross-sectional and Doppler echocardiography. In one, a candida vegetation on a mitral Starr-Edwards prosthesis obstructed the aortic valve with a peak transvalvar velocity of 2 m/sec and ...
Meijboom E J - - 1988
Left atrioventricular valve regurgitation often occurs as a postoperative hemodynamic complication from repair of an atrioventricular septal defect. In this study, cross-sectional two-dimensional Doppler flow mapping of the left atrium was used to quantify postoperative regurgitant flow in 29 patients. Its severity and location was related to the shape of ...
Barratt-Boyes B G - - 1988
A total of 246 operations were performed in 230 patients for correction of acquired tricuspid valve disease. All but three of the patients had multivalvular heart disease. There was an 11% hospital mortality which fell to 7% in the later era (1973-82). Mortality was similar for tricuspid annuloplasty and tricuspid ...
Evora P R - - 1988
The usual surgical treatment of tricuspid endocarditis is valve replacement or valve excision alone without valve replacement. 'Vegetectomy', i.e. local excision of the vegetation and leaflet repair, has been previously described and can be applied to cases with well-circumscribed vegetations and little or no valve damage. A case of tricuspid ...
Okamoto M - - 1988
Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic findings in a 67-year-old man with endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) are described. The two-dimensional echocardiogram showed typical features of EMF, right ventricular endomyocardial calcification, a thickened right ventricular wall, obliteration of the apex of the right ventricle and marked dilatation of the right atrium. In addition, premature ...
Kusuhara K - - 1988
From 1966 to 1985, 469 pediatric patients with the tetralogy of Fallot (mean age, 4.9 years) were corrected (hospital mortality 11.9%). There were 9 late deaths (1.9%). In 186 patients, hemodynamic studies were performed 2-14 years postoperatively (mean age, 10.4 years). An increased cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) of 60% or more ...
Fridrich L - - 1988
Radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) indices of regurgitation, Fourier amplitude ratio (FAR) and additional RNV variables were prospectively compared to Doppler echocardiography (DE) in 108 consecutive patients with no or mild left ventricular regurgitation, to assess RNV accuracy in detecting regurgitation in patients with different cardiac disorders. Exclusion of left ventricular or ...
Gibbs J L - - 1988
Eighteen children who had single-stage and 18 who had two-stage anatomic correction of complete transposition between the ages of 1 week and 3 years (mean 6.5 months) were investigated with pulsed and continuous wave Doppler ultrasound. Peak mitral flow velocities showed no significant difference from normal after single-stage correction, but ...
Paolillo V - - 1988
We report on the case of a 35-year-old woman who had undergone tricuspid valve replacement with a Lillehei-Kaster prosthesis 7 weeks prior to admission to our institution. Real-time two-dimensional echocardiography indicated a large mass on the inferolateral surface of the right atrium, as well as a dense band of echoes ...
Areias J C - - 1987
An unusual case of common arterial trunk is described. The right pulmonary artery is supplied by the ascending trunk and the left pulmonary artery arises via an arterial duct from the left brachiocephalic trunk. Although common arterial trunk can exist with any atrioventricular connexion, the absence of one atrioventricular connexion ...
Come P C - - 1987
To assess abnormalities of right heart function and their reversal with thrombolysis in pulmonary embolism, serial imaging and Doppler echocardiographic studies were performed before and after a 6 hour intravenous infusion of 80 to 90 mg of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in seven patients with segmental or lobar acute ...
Alvarez L - - 1987
A total of 367 human fetuses and newborn subjects weighing from 60 to 5000 g provided the material for a morphometric study of the heart. A total of 17 interventricular parameters were measured in each specimen, one of the parameters representing an innovation with regard to the classically used set ...
Goldman M E - - 1987
Residual significant tricuspid regurgitation after mitral valve operations may significantly increase postoperative morbidity and mortality. However, routine techniques to detect tricuspid regurgitation preoperatively and intraoperatively are inaccurate. Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed intraoperatively to assess its ability to evaluate and quantify the severity of tricuspid regurgitation. In 50 patients who underwent ...
Rothman A - - 1987
Subaortic obstruction caused by either a restrictive bulboventricular foramen in single left ventricle with an outflow chamber or by a restrictive ventricular septal defect in tricuspid atresia with transposition of the great arteries can lead to a hypertrophied, noncompliant ventricle and excessive pulmonary blood flow. This combination is disadvantageous to ...
Maciel B C - - 1987
A 55-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of progressive dyspnea, orthopnea and hemoptysis. Two-dimensional echocardiography multiple echo-dense images 1-4 mm in diameter were consistently seen crossing the tricuspid valve. A hypothesis of multiple pulmonary thromboembolism was raised. Clinical and postmortem evidence were later obtained to confirm this diagnosis.
Lim S P - - 1987
Diffuse thickening with localized nodularity of the aortic valve cusps was noted on two-dimensional echocardiography in a patient dying of massive esophageal variceal bleeding. Autopsy revealed nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis involving the aortic and tricuspid valves. Two-dimensional echocardiography can assist in establishing the antemortem diagnosis of this condition, thus clarifying the ...
De Vore G R - - 1987
Fetal echocardiography (real-time and M-mode) was used to evaluate a fetus at 20 weeks of gestation because intermittent bradycardia had been auscultated at 14 weeks of gestation. Real-time examination of the four-chamber view suggested ventricular disproportion with the left ventricle larger than the right, absence of the tricuspid valve, atrial ...
Kirklin J K - - 1987
Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) may be divided into subsets according to the position and commitment of the ventricular septal defect (VSD) to the great arteries. In DORV with subaortic VSD, an intraventricular tunnel repair is the recommended operation. The current hospital mortality is 5% with an actuarial survival of ...
Cook D J - - 1987
A 57-year-old woman underwent pulmonic valvotomy for congenital pulmonic stenosis. She developed severe pulmonic insufficiency, secondary tricuspid regurgitation, and anasarca in spite of a normal pulmonary artery pressure. Insertion of a pulmonary valve prosthesis and tricuspid valve plication reversed all clinical symptoms and signs of this rare complication of pulmonary ...
Fletcher B D - - 1987
MR was used to differentiate the classical form of tricuspid atresia, in which the atrioventricular connection is absent, from a rare type of right atrioventricular obstruction, in which the valve is imperforate, and from some Ebstein's malformations in which atrioventricular flow is obstructed by a displaced tricuspid valve. ECG-gated, T1-weighted ...
Goffin Y A - - 1987
This extensive morphological study (macroscopy, x-ray, histology, histochemistry and electron microscopy) compares two types of bioprosthetic valves, porcine aortic (PAV) and bovine pericardial (BPV) of various models, both unimplanted (five) and explanted (229). There were 197 PAV and 32 BPV explanted from the mitral, aortic and tricuspid positions, with a ...
Wilson N - - 1987
To evaluate the qualitative and quantitative changes in Doppler velocities in the normal fetus and newborn, 61 echo Doppler studies were performed in 18 neonates, nine of whom were also studied as fetuses. Four studies were inadequate in fetuses (one pulmonary artery, two mitral, and one tricuspid) and some post ...
Calder A L - - 1987
The incidence and severity of abnormalities of the coronary arteries were evaluated in 35 necropsy patients with pulmonary atresia and an intact ventricular septum. Right ventricular to coronary artery fistulous connections were found in more than 60% of the cases. All patients with fistulous connections had histologic abnormalities of the ...
Leung M - - 1987
Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve is characterised by downstream displacement of the tricuspid leaflets. In the case of the septal leaflet, the result is exaggerated offsetting of the atrioventricular valves. Thus it might be supposed that in Ebstein's anomaly of the mitral valve, downstream displacement of the aortic (septal) ...
Anzai N - - 1987
Rupture of an aneurysm of the aortic sinus of Valsalva into the right ventricle is described. Surgery revealed a small aneurysm ruptured into the right ventricle near the tricuspid valve without aneurysmal involvement of the tricuspid valve. The cineangiogram revealed a shunt from the aortic sinus into the right atrium ...
Al Zaibag M - - 1987
This report describes the first successful treatment of tricuspid stenosis by percutaneous double balloon valvotomy. There was a dramatic reduction of the tricuspid valve gradient, with an increase in calculated valve area, together with an increase in resting cardiac output and symptomatic relief. The feasibility of the non-surgical treatment of ...
Waller B F - - 1987
Of multiple etiologies for pure tricuspid regurgitation, the causes may be divided into those associated with anatomically abnormal and anatomically normal tricuspid valves. Conditions associated with anatomically abnormal valves include rheumatic, floppy, Ebstein's anomaly, carcinoid, infective endocarditis, papillary muscle dysfunction, and other rarer causes such as radiation, hypereosinophilic syndrome, and ...
Gonzalez-Lavin L - - 1987
Studies of homograft valves in the past two decades have suggested that "viable" valves, i.e., those maintaining chemical and structural integrity of their leaflet intercellular matrix, have a better long-term function than nonviable valves. The most effective qualitative methods of assessing leaflet viability involve destruction of the valve leaflets; thus, ...
Matsuwaka R - - 1987
A case of tricuspid atresia associated with partially unroofed coronary sinus following a Fontan operation is described. A 4-year-old boy with tricuspid atresia showed persistent arterial desaturation immediately after a modified Fontan operation. At reoperation on the next day, a partially unroofed coronary sinus was recognized and repaired through a ...
DeLeon S Y - - 1986
Twenty-five of 49 patients who underwent a Fontan type operation had complex lesions other than tricuspid atresia with ventriculoarterial concordance. Three patients had significant subaortic stenosis. Thirty-four palliative operations, including nine Glenn shunts, were performed before the Fontan operation. Direct atriopulmonary anastomosis was performed in 21 patients. In four, valved ...
Scheck-Krejca H - - 1986
The clinical diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation is difficult in patients after mitral valve replacement. We therefore studied the value of the jugular venous pulse tracing, liver pulse tracing and right atrial size estimated from a two-dimensional echocardiogram for diagnosing tricuspid regurgitation in 57 patients with a Björk-Shiley prosthesis in the ...
Cowgill L D - - 1986
A 3 1/2-year-old boy experienced right ventricular failure approximately two years after an operation for critical pulmonic stenosis. Severe pulmonary and tricuspid valvular insufficiency was documented echocardiographically and at cardiac catheterization. Treatment consisted of a tricuspid valve annuloplasty and creation of an autologous monocusp valve using the anterior wall of ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >