Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 814
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Galvin I F - - 1991
A 55-year-old woman undergoing triple-valve replacement was found at operation to have a well preserved and functioning University of Cape Town prosthesis that had been inserted 18 years earlier for tricuspid stenosis. Case reporting, valve reappraisal, and factual updating on another case, the world's first documented tricuspid valve replacement for ...
Smith S T - - 1991
An asymptomatic patient was discovered to have a large right atrial myxoma by transthoracic echocardiography. Preoperative considerations included the possibility of satellite lesions, left atrial origin, and a question of tricuspid valve involvement. Subsequent operative transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated single-stalk attachment in the right atrial septal wall and no satellite lesions. ...
Sreeram N - - 1991
A two-week-old asymptomatic baby was diagnosed by cross-sectional and Doppler ultrasound to have tricuspid atresia with a common arterial trunk. Successful surgical palliation was undertaken at 17 days of age, by disconnection of the pulmonary arteries from the trunk, and creation of an aortopulmonary shunt. There are no known previous ...
Komoda T - - 1991
The three-dimensional relationship between the mitral valvular annulus (MVA) and tricuspid valvular annulus (TVA) was studied in 32 cadaver hearts. It was found that when the distance from the center of the MVA and TVA (D-G) were standardized and when MVA and TVA were overlapped by matching their centers, MVA ...
Wipf S L - - 1991
A positive displacement pump with six rotary pistons was proposed as an artificial heart. The pump's design was characterized by high symmetry and compactness. Thus, a spherical volume of 4 1/4 inch diameter sufficed for a pump delivering 10 L/min at 120 pulses/min with the pistons turning at 30 rpm. ...
Hanséus K - - 1991
Fifteen patients with pulmonary atresia or critical pulmonary stenosis and intact ventricular septum were studied. All were operated on in the neonatal period, with valvotomy or a systemic to pulmonary arterial shunt, or both. In 12 patients, right ventricular to pulmonary arterial communication was established in the neonatal period. In ...
Heinemann M - - 1991
Sepsis and tricuspid valve regurgitation developed in a 29-year-old man with Crohn's disease after implantation of an intravenous port device for parenteral nutrition. A thrombus, caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis, had grown along the catheter and prolapsed through the valve without affecting it. Complete removal in an open heart procedure led ...
Fyfe D A - - 1991
Four episodes of St. Jude Medical prosthesis leaflet thrombosis were serially evaluated by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography during treatment with streptokinase. Three patients aged 4, 11, and 24 years with congenital heart disease had St. Jude Medical valves in pulmonary positions (two cases) for tetralogy of Fallot and in the ...
Allen M D - - 1991
Tricuspid valve endocarditis traditionally has been treated with either valve excision or valve replacement. To avoid implantation of foreign material in an infected field, we have applied the principles of mitral valve repair to 4 patients with tricuspid valve endocarditis. On preoperative echocardiography, all patients had 3 to 4+ tricuspid ...
Shah L S - - 1991
The present report describes the clinical and angio-cardiographic features of 23 cases of tricuspid atresia. Nineteen patients had type I anatomy, 2 patients had type II anatomy and 2 patients had type III anatomy. In addition to the standard features, there were some uncommon associations observed. These included double outlet ...
Kuwahara Y - - 1991
Cardiopulmonary values were determined in dogs with an artificial model of heartworm caval syndrome, which was produced by insertion of heartworm-like silicone tubes into the tricuspid valve orifice and right atrium. Fifteen to 25 tubes with some knots were inserted in 6 dogs (knot group), and 7 to 11 tubes ...
Andreas S - - 1991
The inspiration against a closed airway, the Mueller manoeuver, leads to a negative intrathoracic pressure. It is controversially discussed whether this is causing an augmentation of right heart murmurs. There is only limited knowledge on the temporal relationship of the negative intrathoracic pressure with right and left ventricular filling and ...
Hornberger L K - - 1991
The echocardiographic studies and clinical course of 27 fetuses (mean gestational age 26.9 weeks) diagnosed in utero with tricuspid valve disease and significant tricuspid regurgitation were reviewed. The diagnosis of Ebstein's anomaly was made in 17 of the fetuses, 7 had tricuspid valve dysplasia with poorly developed but normally attached ...
Wolfe J T JT - - 1991
We report a tricuspid valve papillary fibroelastoma initially detected by transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography and subsequently characterized by transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography. The mass was excised during open heart operation, and the diagnosis was verified grossly and histopathologically. Transesophageal echocardiography usually provides images far superior to those from transthoracic echocardiography and may ...
Buja G - - 1991
An asymptomatic 19-year-old top-level athlete had electrocardiographic evidence of intermittent cardiac preexcitation and intermittent left bundle branch block. The electrophysiologic study demonstrated the presence of a direct accessory pathway and enhanced atrioventricular node conduction that resulted in infrahisian and intraventricular conduction disturbances. The echocardiogram disclosed tricuspid valve dysplasia.
Amodeo A - - 1991
The optimal management of pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum in the neonate remains controversial. The introduction of balloon septostomy and prostaglandin has significantly reduced early mortality but early surgical intervention is necessary to obtain a more adequate pulmonary blood flow. Fourteen neonates with pulmonary atresia and an intact ...
Frid C - - 1991
Corrective surgery for complete atrioventricular canal was performed over a 15-year period on 72 patients, 49 of whom had Down's syndrome: 46 were without major associated cardiac anomalies and 15 had previously undergone pulmonary artery banding. The pressures in the right and left ventricles equilibrated in 77% of the patients. ...
Schregel W - - 1991
Unsuccessful pulmonary artery catheter removal is a rare but potential life-threatening complication. This was observed in a dog during investigations on cerebrovascular reactivity. Postmortem examination showed entrappment of the pulmonary artery catheter in tricuspidal valve. "Clinical" symptoms are described and therapeutic measures in the case of suspected entrappment are discussed.
Neerukonda S K - - 1991
Papillary fibroelastomas are rare, benign tumors of the heart that often are incidental findings at autopsy or cardiac surgery, or during echocardiography. These tumors are predisposed to valvular involvement, and all such lesions detected by echocardiography have occurred in the left side of the heart, except for 3 on the ...
Lokhandwala Y Y - - 1990
Isolated congenital tricuspid valve stenosis is a rare entity. The modalities of definitive treatment have been surgical repair or replacement. We present the first reported patient with congenital tricuspid stenosis successfully treated by percutaneous balloon valvotomy. This appears to be an alternative to surgery when the anatomy, as demonstrated by ...
Ribeiro P A - - 1990
We performed percutaneous double balloon tricuspid valvotomy in four patients (36 +/- 12 years of age), with severe symptomatic rheumatic tricuspid stenosis and mild mitral valve disease. Two 9F Meditech balloon catheters, 15-20 mm diameter, were positioned simultaneously across the tricuspid valve and inflated up to five atmospheres pressure achieving ...
Benedick B A - - 1990
Palliative treatment was provided without complications by double balloon valvuloplasty of a stenotic porcine tricuspid valve in a patient with fungal endocarditis. With two 15 mm diameter valvulotomy balloons the peak tricuspid gradient decreased from 21 to 7 mm Hg and valve area increased from 0.3 to 1.2 cm2. After ...
Dietl C A - - 1990
A large intracavitary right ventricular tumor in a 24-year-old patient was considered nonresectable because it involved the interventricular septum, the free ventricular walls, and the tricuspid valve. Surgical palliation consisted of closure of the tricuspid and pulmonary valves, and the right atrium was anastomosed to the pulmonary artery bifurcation. The ...
Vogel M - - 1990
As no long-term results of a blind opening up of the pulmonary valve either by balloon valvoplasty or closed Brock valvotomy have been published, we examined the outcome of 12 patients with valvar pulmonary stenosis 17 +/- 5 (11-22) years after surgery. The Brock valvotomy had been carried out at ...
Qureshi S A - - 1990
Doppler echocardiography was used to evaluate blood flow in the pulmonary artery in 14 patients 2 to 42 months (mean (SD) 17 (12) months) after a modified Fontan operation incorporating a direct atriopulmonary anastomosis. Preoperatively six patients had tricuspid atresia, six had a double inlet left ventricle, and two had ...
Gildein H P - - 1990
Four patients with complex cardiac lesions, who underwent successfully a Fontan type of operation are presented, each case representing a particular problem in surgical management. The first exhibited displacement of a trileaflet straddling and overriding left atrioventricular valve in addition to tricuspid atresia, while the second one had unilateral lung ...
Kaulitz R - - 1990
Following a Mustard's procedure, transoesophageal echocardiography allowed the visualization of all 4 pulmonary veins in 7/12 patients (mean age 14.8 years) and of three veins in a further 2 patients. Both upper pulmonary veins could be visualized consistently. No patient had an isolated pulmonary venous stenosis. In 9 patients in ...
Johnston S R - - 1990
Transesophageal echocardiography facilitates the evaluation of valvular repair in the operating room. The functional valvular morphology and degree of valvular regurgitation can be assessed before and after repair. This technique can also identify unsuspected findings--in this case, severe tricuspid regurgitation complicating cardiopulmonary bypass. We report a previously undescribed cause of ...
Miyazaki T - - 1990
A 70-year-old man who had been treated for tongue cancer began to suffer from repeated syncopal attacks. His electrocardiogram indicated complete atrioventricular block. A permanent pacemaker was implanted. He was well for about 2 years after which time he developed dyspnea, suffered from general fatigue, and then suddenly died. A ...
Balbi M - - 1990
One case of tricuspid valve endocarditis due to a catheter fragment inside the right chambers of the heart is described. The symptoms were fever, cardiac failure, splenomegaly and relapsing pneumonia. Blood culture was positive, revealing Staphylococcus aureus. A two-dimensional echocardiogram demonstrated a large vegetation on the tricuspid valve. The percutaneous ...
Czer L S - - 1990
Echocardiography with Doppler color flow mapping is a very useful intraoperative technique in patients undergoing mitral or tricuspid valve repair. In the patient who is a repair candidate, this technique can be used intraoperatively to answer important clinical questions: the severity of the regurgitation; the morphological basis of the regurgitant ...
Nair T - - 1990
Sixteen patients with coronary arteriovenous fistula (CAVF) were studied by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). Of these 12 had Doppler studies. In all, the diagnosis of CAVF was confirmed by aortic root or selective coronary angiography. In 8 patients, the 2DE findings suggested CAVF. Five patients had dilated main coronary arteries and ...
Anderson R H - - 1990
Dysplasia of the leaflets is a well-known integral part of Ebstein's malformation. It is less well-recognized that occasionally the septal leaflet may be completely absent and not simply displaced from its usual annular attachment. This may make it difficult to differentiate by echocardiography between Ebstein's malformation and the rare lesion ...
Restivo A - - 1990
The anatomy of the antero-septal commissure of the tricuspid valve and its relationship to the membranous part of the septum are described in 72 normal hearts from subjects ranging in age from 25 weeks gestation to 13 months. Three major patterns were found. According to whether the contiguous leaflets were ...
Martini B - - 1990
A P wave of 7.5 mm in lead I and 12.5 in V1 was detected in a 28-year-old man, with a progressive cardiomegaly since the age of 14 years. At last admission he had minor symptoms, and a systolic murmur consistent with tricuspid regurgitation. The electrocardiogram showed an extremely tall ...
Sade R M - - 1990
Tricuspid atresia is the third most common cyanotic cardiac malformation, seen in 1 per cent of children with congenital heart disease. Anatomic details in each patient can be elucidated by echocardiography. Surgical treatment initially is palliation, usually with aortopulmonary shunt. Definitive treatment is with a Fontan operation, in which the ...
Prayson R A - - 1990
We describe two unusual congenital anomalies of the tricuspid valve discovered incidentally at autopsy. One is an abnormal attachment of the tricuspid septal leaflet to one of two posterior papillary muscles with a concomitant fusion of the right ventricular septal and anterior papillary muscles in a patient with ectodermal dysplasia. ...
Wafae N - - 1990
An anatomical study of the tricuspid valve was carried out in 50 human hearts of both female and male individuals using a method of dissection which preserves the integrity of the valve. Morphometric criteria such as area of cusp, width of cusp base, relation between commissure depth and cusp depth ...
Lee C H - - 1990
We describe a previously unrecognised cause of an added diastolic heart sound. The patient had first-degree heart block and diastolic tricuspid regurgitation, leading to presystolic closure of the tricuspid valve and the production of a loud diastolic sound. Unlike previously described mechanisms for diastolic sounds, this sound was generated by ...
Abad C - - 1990
Tricuspid dysfunction appeared in a 47 year-old woman fifteen months after multiple valvular surgery, including aortic and tricuspid valvular replacement with Duromedics valves. At reoperation one of the leaflets of the tricuspid prosthesis was blocked with overgrown tissue from the native tricuspid annulus. The prosthesis was replaced with another Duromedics ...
Pye M - - 1990
The Doppler echocardiographic characteristics of 70 prosthetic valves in 35 patients are reported. Twenty nine patients had a Björk-Shiley prosthesis in both mitral and tricuspid positions and six had Carpentier-Edwards valves in both sites. Five of the patients had abnormal tricuspid prostheses on the basis of clinical and echocardiographic criteria. ...
Tanaka M - - 1989
This report describes the case of a patient in whom Candida albicans tricuspid valve endocarditis was treated by excision of a large vegetation and partial tricuspid valvectomy without prosthetic valve replacement. In select patients, valve-sparing debridement may allow a long-term cure and may be the procedure of choice in the ...
Chopra H K - - 1989
Tricuspid regurgitation severity was assessed preoperatively with Doppler color flow mapping and these assessments were compared with surgical findings in 90 patients undergoing mitral or aortic valve replacement, or both. Group I (n = 52) required tricuspid valve annuloplasty because tricuspid regurgitation was judged intraoperatively to be severe; in Group ...
Res J C - - 1989
A rare complication is described, in three patients. The tined tip of a ventricular pacemaker electrode was entrapped in the chordae of the tricuspid valve and could not be removed by subtle manipulations in two patients. In one patient, the electrode was removed with partial rupture of the tricuspid valve. ...
Bridges N D - - 1989
The importance of pulmonary artery size and the value of a standardized pulmonary artery index (PAI) in predicting outcome after Fontan's repair have previously been reported and questioned. We retrospectively reviewed 29 patients undergoing modified Fontan repair at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia to examine the relation between preoperative PAI ...
Mittal S R - - 1989
We describe a case of rheumatic tricuspid stenosis without involvement of the mitral valve. Rheumatic disease of the tricuspid valve is very rare in the absence of concomitant mitral valvar disease. We suggest that the closing pressure at the valve is not the only factor governing localization of the rheumatic ...
Kobayashi J - - 1989
Real-time flow imaging of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) by two-dimensional pulsed Doppler echocardiography was performed in 34 patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. The right ventricle and pulmonary artery were demonstrated in the parasternal short axis view and PR flow was visualized. The image was frozen when the velocity of ...
Squitieri C - - 1989
Retrograde right ventricular decompression through the tricuspid valve, by damaging or excising the valve, was attempted in five patients with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and severely hypoplastic right ventricle. Two patients were neonates in critical condition, one of whom had received previous palliation with a shunt; the other neonate ...
Goel V - - 1989
The accuracy of a non-invasive estimation of systolic pulmonary artery pressure in 33 patients with ventricular septal defect and/or tricuspid regurgitation, by colour guided continuous wave Doppler was evaluated. The estimated pulmonary artery pressure correlated well with values obtained at cardiac catheterization (r = 0.93). Correlation was better in cases ...
Jureidini S B - - 1989
An infant with aortico-right ventricular (AO-RV) tunnel and critical pulmonary stenosis presented with severe distress at birth. We present the clinical, echocardiographic, and angiographic features, correlated with autopsy findings. Also we discuss the differentiation from other AO-RV communications and a theory for the embryogenesis. AO-RV tunnel should be considered in ...
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