Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 800
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Nakade T - - 1992
A Japanese black calf with cyanosis, tachycardia, tachypnea and systolic murmur died of hypoxemia and cardiac insufficiency on the 38th day after birth. We could not establish the diagnosis during it's life. However, anatomically corrected malposition (ACM) with ventricular septal defect was confirmed at autopsy. There was situs solitus of ...
Shih C T - - 1992
Tube thoracostomy is an invasive procedure caring about 1% complication rate. Most confronted complications include diaphragm or lung laceration [1-3], damage to intrabdominal organ, intercostal artery bleeding and unilateral pulmonary edema. Here we present another rare complication of perforation of the right atrium which occurred in a patient with rheumatic ...
Cujec B - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivities of Doppler echocardiography and cardiac catheterization in the diagnosis of severe valvular heart disease in patients requiring valve surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of Doppler echocardiograms and cardiac catheterizations. SETTING: Tertiary referral cardiovascular centre in a university setting. PATIENTS: Sixty-nine patients undergoing valve surgery between July ...
Narendra J - - 1992
Double Orifice Mitral Valve (DOMV) is a rare congenital abnormality. Reports of 4 patients with DOMV are presented. As associated anomalies, one had ostium primum atrial septal defect (ASD). Second one had Ebstein's anomaly. Third one had grade IV tricuspid regurgitation, thickened tricuspid valve and right atrial mass. Fourth one ...
Leung M P - - 1992
Two children, aged 7 and 6 years, had severe Ebstein's malformation of the tricuspid valve and underwent operation because of progressive cyanosis (saturation, 70%). Preoperative angiography demonstrated linear attachment of the distal edges of the displaced anterosuperior and mural leaflets, leaving only a "keyhole" communication between the atrialized and functional ...
Rosenthal E - - 1992
Acquired pulmonary valve atresia is a well-recognized but uncommon complication of surgical systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts in patients with tetralogy of Fallot. Acquired atresia of the tricuspid valve, however, has not been reported previously. This complication developed in a 3-year-old girl, with pulmonary atresia and an intact ventricular septum, after a ...
Sasaki Y - - 1992
The relationship between pulmonary hypertension and lesions was examined in 41 dogs infested naturally with heartworms, which consisted of 28 cases with pulmonary heartworm disease and 13 cases with caval syndrome. Pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was measured before and 1 or 7 days after heartworm removal with a flexible alligator ...
Kitagawa H - - 1992
Cardiopulmonary function was examined in 18 dogs with serious chronic heartworm disease showing ascites, subcutaneous edema, prostration, weakness, jaundice and so on. After surgical heartworm removal from the pulmonary arteries, 10 dogs recovered (surviving group), and 8 dogs died or were euthanatized because of poor prognosis (nonsurviving group). The number ...
Buchs A E - - 1992
We have described a 28-year-old male sheepfarmer who had fever, headache, chills, malaise, and aortic insufficiency. Echocardiography revealed a tricuspid aortic valve with a large vegetation on the right cusp, an enlarged left ventricle, and diastolic flutter of the mitral valve. Repeated blood cultures were negative. Seroconversion of IgG and ...
Dorsa F B - - 1992
A case of accidental placement of a Greenfield filter in the right atrium is described. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated the filter but was unable to provide details regarding the exact location of the filter. Transesophageal echocardiography showed the filter to be fixed to the tricuspid anulus. This finding, which was confirmed ...
Heck H A HA - - 1992
An 18-year-old black woman presented with marginally compensated right heart failure, severe pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid incompetence, and right atrial myxoma. Catheterization suggested a substantial reactive component to her P-HTN, especially to nifedipine. Initial management consisted of excision of two right atrial myxomas and tricuspid annuloplasty, and postdischarge management with nifedipine, ...
Grant S C - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Carcinoid heart disease typically results in pulmonary stenosis and tricuspid incompetence. Percutaneous balloon dilatation is an effective treatment for congenital pulmonary stenosis and has been applied successfully to tricuspid stenosis caused by carcinoid heart disease. The value of balloon dilatation of the pulmonary valve in carcinoid pulmonary stenosis was ...
Putterman C - - 1992
Acquired right ventricular outflow tract obstruction due to extrinsic compression of the pulmonary artery is a rare manifestation of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). We report a case of a 17 year old boy who was referred for evaluation of a large anterior mediastinal mass, causing dyspnea and cough and resulting in ...
Heerdt P M - - 1992
We have been comparing cardiac output measured with a novel Doppler pulmonary artery catheter to that measured by thermodilution and aortic electromagnetometry in cardiac surgical patients. We report here our observation of a nearly twofold increase in thermodilution cardiac output after the acute intraoperative onset of tricuspid regurgitation that was ...
Naja I - - 1992
Tricuspid valvular insufficiency caused by blunt thoracic trauma may be clinically silent and imprecise. Diagnosis is often done by cardiac catheterization and two-dimensional echocardiography (2-DE); the latter may show abnormalities of the tricuspid leaflet motion. The surgical technique for its correction is still controversial. We report here the case of ...
Shaw T R - - 1992
The Inoue balloon was used for dilatation of tricuspid stenosis in a 74 year old woman. The valve was reached by an over-the-wire approach with a 0.025 exchange length guide wire. The Inoue stylet would not reach the tricuspid orifice because the right atrium was so large. The Inoue balloon's ...
Brecker S J - - 1992
We describe a simple, non-invasive and practical method to determine the peak velocity of tricuspid regurgitant flow (and hence derive systolic pulmonary artery pressure) from examination of the dynamics of retrograde tricuspid flow on Doppler. Based on a previously described relationship between right ventricular systolic pressure and the time interval ...
Himelman R B - - 1992
Exercise echocardiography is a versatile technique that includes not only two-dimensional imaging, but also Doppler of aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves. Doppler echocardiography can be useful in the evaluation of global left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, valvular function, transvalvular gradients, and pulmonary artery pressure. The technique lends itself to ...
Gardner S Y - - 1992
A 3-year-old male pygmy goat was evaluated because of a grade III/V plateau pansystolic murmur that was auscultated over the tricuspid valve area and a grade II/V plateau pansystolic murmur that was auscultated over the left heart base. Echocardiography revealed a large right atrium and ventricle, an atrial septal defect, ...
Pinto F J - - 1992
Patterns of systemic venous return change after cardiac surgery. However, the exact timing and underlying mechanisms are not well understood. To analyze these changes transesophageal echocardiography was used to evaluate 21 patients (mean age 56 +/- 17 years) during cardiac surgery. Eleven patients underwent coronary bypass grafting, 2 had ablation ...
Teyssier G - - 1992
Since the ovine model is the most commonly used for foetal haemodynamic investigation it was felt important 1) to investigate the technical difficulties involved with ultrasound fetal cardiac imaging in this species and 2) to establish normal reference values for ovine cardiac and umbilical blood flow velocity measurements. Both two-dimensional ...
Harpaz D - - 1992
We describe a 65-year-old patient with moderate combined mitral disease and severe tricuspid regurgitation, in whom the tricuspid regurgitant jet was oriented toward the interatrial septum. Color flow and pulsed Doppler demonstrated a late-systolic to mid-diastolic, right-to-left shunting of the tricuspid regurgitant jet through the foramen ovale. This finding was ...
Ames D E - - 1992
Clinical tricuspid stenosis has not previously been reported in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A 25 year old woman with active SLE presented with signs of severe right ventricular failure. Cardiac catheterisation confirmed the diagnosis of tricuspid stenosis and regurgitation together with mitral regurgitation. This patient underwent successful tricuspid ...
Mori K - - 1992
Nine cases of imperforate tricuspid valve associated with dysplasia of the right ventricular myocardium, pulmonary valve, and right coronary artery are described. The mean frontal QRS axis of the electrocardiograms did not indicate left axis deviation in seven of the nine. Two-dimensional echocardiograms showed an imperforate tricuspid valve, normally aligned ...
Farrell P E PE - - 1992
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the outcome of 76 consecutive patients (age range, 5 months to 6 years; median age, 19 months) who underwent a modified Fontan procedure after initial palliative surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) between January 1984 and December 1989. METHODS AND RESULTS: Modifications of the Fontan procedure ...
Cichon R - - 1991
This study was designed to evaluate the early phase events occurring in a stented pulmonary homograft valve implanted in the tricuspid position. A human pulmonary homograft was sterilized in antibiotic solution for 48 hours and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen (-176 degrees C). Following thawing and trimming, the pulmonary valve was ...
Milgalter E - - 1991
Tricuspid valve replacement carries a risk of causing complete heart block. To reduce this risk, a technique was developed to bridge the conduction system during prosthetic valve insertion in the tricuspid position. This technique, in which a pericardial patch is used to bridge the triangle of Koch, was performed successfully ...
Eways E A - - 1991
Certain clinical and morphologic findings are described in 67 patients (aged 23 to 76 years [mean 52]; 55 women [82%]) who had mitral valve replacement for mitral stenosis (with or without associated regurgitation), and simultaneous tricuspid valve replacement for pure tricuspid regurgitation (58 patients) or tricuspid stenosis (all with associated ...
Kaul T K - - 1991
In this series, the effect of replacement of the mitral valve was examined in 86/900 (9.6%) patients who had developed moderate functional tricuspid regurgitation, secondary to rheumatic mitral valvar disease. These patients were subdivided according to the severity of pulmonary hypertension and impairment of right ventricular function. Forty-six patients presented ...
Maciel B C - - 1991
Color flow Doppler mapping using either an Aloka 880 or a Toshiba SSH65A system was performed in 39 normal subjects (aged 13 to 45 years) and 43 patients (aged 13 to 82 years) with pathologic tricuspid or pulmonary regurgitation to evaluate the incidence of "physiologic" regurgitation of right heart valves ...
McCaffrey F M - - 1991
Pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum and a small right ventricle is associated with high mortality and lacks a consensus surgical approach. The results of operations in eight of eleven patients with either pulmonary atresia and an intact ventricular septum or critical pulmonary stenosis, hypoplastic right ventricle, and intact ...
Chawla S K - - 1991
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with color flow mapping has become an excellent tool for evaluating valve reconstruction and correction of congenital anomalies intraoperatively. From February 1990 to September 1990 we have utilized TEE intraoperatively in 14 consecutive patients. Their ages ranged from 25 to 77 years, with a mean age of ...
Uyama C - - 1991
The interface geometry of human and artificial hearts was defined. It included: 1) the approximate mitral orifice and mitral orifice planes; 2) the approximate tricuspid orifice and tricuspid orifice planes; 3) the long and short diameters of the aorta; 4) the long and short diameters of the pulmonary artery; and ...
Pearlman A S - - 1991
The presence, severity, and hemodynamic consequences of mitral and tricuspid stenosis can be determined by echocardiographic techniques. In mitral stenosis two-dimensional echocardiographic imaging allows definition of leaflet anatomy and dynamics, subvalvular disease, ventricular function, and involvement of other valves. Spectral and color Doppler echocardiographic techniques permit accurate measurement of transvalvular ...
Anderson J R - - 1991
Tricuspid and mitral valve endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis in a 57 year old previously healthy man with no history of drug abuse presented as bi-ventricular failure and multiple episodes of pulmonary emboli. He was treated for four weeks with intravenous antibiotics and had serial echocardiographic assessment of the vegetation ...
Atik E - - 1991
We analyzed the findings in 23 patients with atresia of the left atrioventricular valve and a patent aorta seen in the period from January 1980 to July 1989. Having divided the cases according to the anatomical findings, we made a subsequent analysis of the clinical and surgical results with the ...
Galvin I F - - 1991
A 55-year-old woman undergoing triple-valve replacement was found at operation to have a well preserved and functioning University of Cape Town prosthesis that had been inserted 18 years earlier for tricuspid stenosis. Case reporting, valve reappraisal, and factual updating on another case, the world's first documented tricuspid valve replacement for ...
Smith S T - - 1991
An asymptomatic patient was discovered to have a large right atrial myxoma by transthoracic echocardiography. Preoperative considerations included the possibility of satellite lesions, left atrial origin, and a question of tricuspid valve involvement. Subsequent operative transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated single-stalk attachment in the right atrial septal wall and no satellite lesions. ...
Sreeram N - - 1991
A two-week-old asymptomatic baby was diagnosed by cross-sectional and Doppler ultrasound to have tricuspid atresia with a common arterial trunk. Successful surgical palliation was undertaken at 17 days of age, by disconnection of the pulmonary arteries from the trunk, and creation of an aortopulmonary shunt. There are no known previous ...
Komoda T - - 1991
The three-dimensional relationship between the mitral valvular annulus (MVA) and tricuspid valvular annulus (TVA) was studied in 32 cadaver hearts. It was found that when the distance from the center of the MVA and TVA (D-G) were standardized and when MVA and TVA were overlapped by matching their centers, MVA ...
Wipf S L - - 1991
A positive displacement pump with six rotary pistons was proposed as an artificial heart. The pump's design was characterized by high symmetry and compactness. Thus, a spherical volume of 4 1/4 inch diameter sufficed for a pump delivering 10 L/min at 120 pulses/min with the pistons turning at 30 rpm. ...
Hanséus K - - 1991
Fifteen patients with pulmonary atresia or critical pulmonary stenosis and intact ventricular septum were studied. All were operated on in the neonatal period, with valvotomy or a systemic to pulmonary arterial shunt, or both. In 12 patients, right ventricular to pulmonary arterial communication was established in the neonatal period. In ...
Heinemann M - - 1991
Sepsis and tricuspid valve regurgitation developed in a 29-year-old man with Crohn's disease after implantation of an intravenous port device for parenteral nutrition. A thrombus, caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis, had grown along the catheter and prolapsed through the valve without affecting it. Complete removal in an open heart procedure led ...
Fyfe D A - - 1991
Four episodes of St. Jude Medical prosthesis leaflet thrombosis were serially evaluated by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography during treatment with streptokinase. Three patients aged 4, 11, and 24 years with congenital heart disease had St. Jude Medical valves in pulmonary positions (two cases) for tetralogy of Fallot and in the ...
Allen M D - - 1991
Tricuspid valve endocarditis traditionally has been treated with either valve excision or valve replacement. To avoid implantation of foreign material in an infected field, we have applied the principles of mitral valve repair to 4 patients with tricuspid valve endocarditis. On preoperative echocardiography, all patients had 3 to 4+ tricuspid ...
Shah L S - - 1991
The present report describes the clinical and angio-cardiographic features of 23 cases of tricuspid atresia. Nineteen patients had type I anatomy, 2 patients had type II anatomy and 2 patients had type III anatomy. In addition to the standard features, there were some uncommon associations observed. These included double outlet ...
Kuwahara Y - - 1991
Cardiopulmonary values were determined in dogs with an artificial model of heartworm caval syndrome, which was produced by insertion of heartworm-like silicone tubes into the tricuspid valve orifice and right atrium. Fifteen to 25 tubes with some knots were inserted in 6 dogs (knot group), and 7 to 11 tubes ...
Andreas S - - 1991
The inspiration against a closed airway, the Mueller manoeuver, leads to a negative intrathoracic pressure. It is controversially discussed whether this is causing an augmentation of right heart murmurs. There is only limited knowledge on the temporal relationship of the negative intrathoracic pressure with right and left ventricular filling and ...
Hornberger L K - - 1991
The echocardiographic studies and clinical course of 27 fetuses (mean gestational age 26.9 weeks) diagnosed in utero with tricuspid valve disease and significant tricuspid regurgitation were reviewed. The diagnosis of Ebstein's anomaly was made in 17 of the fetuses, 7 had tricuspid valve dysplasia with poorly developed but normally attached ...
Wolfe J T JT - - 1991
We report a tricuspid valve papillary fibroelastoma initially detected by transthoracic two-dimensional echocardiography and subsequently characterized by transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography. The mass was excised during open heart operation, and the diagnosis was verified grossly and histopathologically. Transesophageal echocardiography usually provides images far superior to those from transthoracic echocardiography and may ...
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