Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1419
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Kato Takayoshi - - 2006
Situs inversus totalis refers to a mirror-image reversal of the normal position of the internal organs. The recognition of concomitant anomalies, such as in the cardiac, venous, gastrointestinal, and urinary systems, is extremely important because these anomalies may disturb the surgical procedure for the concurrent disease in situs inversus totalis. ...
Fowkes F Gerald R - - 2006
Abdominal aortic aneurysms often coexist with reduced lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These conditions are each associated with cigarette smoking, cardiovascular disease, and evidence of increased inflammatory and hemostatic activity. The aim of this study was to determine if these factors accounted for the link between aneurysms ...
Silberfein Eric J - - 2006
Abdominal aortic endograft infection is a serious complication after an endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Pasteurella multocida, a gram-negative bacterium, is a commonly found organism in the mouth flora of many house pets. We report a case of an aortic endograft infection caused by P multocida after a rabbit bite. ...
Bonamigo Telmo Pedro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To establish, in a case-control study, the early mortality and long-term survival after surgical correction of sealed rupture abdominal aortic aneurysm, compared to controls who underwent standard, nonruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1992 to December 2002, 465 patients underwent infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. ...
Dainese L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate predictors and outcomes of octogenarians who underwent abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1st, 1997 and April 15th, 2005, 31 octogenarians were admitted to our Department with the diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Mean follow-up ...
Ucerler Hulya - - 2006
Numerous variations of the ventral branches of the abdominal aorta were observed during routine dissection of the abdominal region in a 63-year-old male cadaver in the Department of Anatomy at Ege University Medicine Faculty. The branches of the celiac trunk were arising from two different trunks as the upper and ...
Aliev M A - - 2006
The clinical data presented in the given work are based on the treatment of 166 patients with complicated abdominal aortic aneurysms, operated on during 20 years, namely between 1984 and 2004. Of these, aneurysmal rupture was identified in 51 (30.7%) and the risk of rupture in 115 (69.2%) cases. Coexistent ...
Hemminki Kari - - 2006
PURPOSE: Aortic aneurysms have a high fatality rate that could be reduced with control of risk factors and use of available screening methods for detection of early changes in aortic walls. The available data on familial risks, a potential indication for screening, are mainly limited to abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: ...
Tomihara Aki - - 2006
A 24-year-old pregnant woman with Marfan's syndrome delivered by cesarean section during the 38th week of gestation. Although aortic root dilatation did not increase during pregnancy, three months after delivery, the patient noticed a pulsatile abdominal mass. Aortic aneurysm was diagnosed and surgical replacement of the infrarenal abdominal aorta to ...
Iusco Domenico - - 2006
True pancreatico-duodenal artery aneurysm (PDAA) is a rare condition that since 1973 has been described in only 54 cases. It is frequently associated with celiac axis stenosis and often present with rupture. Even if most PDAAs that are not ruptured are asymptomatic and are diagnosed during investigation for other diseases, ...
Schirmer Michael - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent studies on the immune-mediated pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms, opening a wide field for possible new therapeutic approaches. RECENT FINDINGS: Immune-mediated processes including involvement of neutrophils, interferon-gamma producing T cells and proinflammatory cytokines play an important role especially in the initiation of abdominal aortic ...
Carnevalini Martina - - 2005
Infections due to nontyphoidal Salmonella are common and their incidence has been increasing in the last few years. Here, we describe a patient with a rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm associated with a psoas abscess due to Salmonella typhimurium. Early diagnosis, prompt surgical intervention, and active and prolonged antibiotic therapy ...
Defawe O D - - 2006
Primary tumors of the aorta are extremely rare and the diagnosis is made most often after surgery or autopsy. Because clinical symptoms of abdominal sarcoma are similar to those of occlusive or aneurysmal disease, aortic sarcomas are frequently mistaken for these lesions. The imaging findings are frequently nonspecific and therefore ...
Prakken Fred J - - 2006
Abdominal aortic hypoplasia is a rare vascular variant with possible major clinical sequelae when the renal arteries are also involved. The condition is thought to result from embryonic overfusion of the two dorsal aortas. The diagnosis may be considered in patients presenting with hypertension in the neonatal period and severely ...
Katzen Barry T - - 2005
The phenomenon of antegrade (distal) endograft migration is an extensively documented complication after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. This case report describes the finding of postoperative abdominal aortic aneurysm endograft retrograde (proximal) migration occluding bilateral renal arteries and leading to dialysis-dependent renal failure.
Patiño Bahena Emilia - - 2005
We present the case of a giant aneurysm and dissection of the abdominal aorta in an eight month old infant. Imaging studies especially a helicoid computerized axial tomography with 3D reconstruction, showed a lesion which extended from the diaphragm to the iliac arteries. The clinical findings and the above mentioned ...
Tsai C-L - - 2005
Ring down artefacts are sometimes found when emergency physicians perform abdominal ultrasound to differentiate between various abdominal problems. We describe a patient who presented with right upper quadrant abdominal pain and whose ultrasound examination showed ring down artefacts posterior to the right hemidiaphragm, which led to the eventual diagnosis of ...
Salgarello Marzia - - 2005
The authors investigated the effect of abdominal liposuction performed by superficial subdermal liposuction technique on inferior epigastric perforators. We aimed to determine whether previous liposuction is a contraindication to the use of an abdominal flap. The perforators in the abdominal region in 6 patients were marked preoperatively by color and ...
Ontachi Yasuo - - 2005
Chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a well-known complication of aortic aneurysm. A 63-year-old man with bleeding tendency and a large palpable abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was diagnosed as having fibrinolysis dominant DIC by the excessive activation of both coagulation and fibrinolysis (plasmin -alpha2 plasmin inhibitor complex concentration is usually ...
Taniguchi Iwao - - 2005
An 82 year-old woman suddenly developed severe back pain. Enhanced computed tomography and aortography revealed penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU), that was a localized contrast-filled outpouching in the juxtarenal abdominal aorta and intramural hematoma within the aortic wall. Coronary angiography revealed significant stenosis in the left anterior descending artery and right ...
Gielecki Jerzy - - 2005
The coeliac trunk is a surgically significant artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the supracolic organs. Branches of this arterial trunk supply the primary organs of the abdomen and divert a significant volume of blood from the abdominal aorta. Past research has shown that the anatomy of the ...
Duncan J L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm has been shown to reduce aneurysm-related mortality, but the applicability of the results to the whole of the UK has been questioned. This study examined screening in a remote and rural area. METHODS: Over 3 years, men aged 65-74 years were offered screening in ...
McClenathan James H - - 2005
Symptomatic visceral aneurysms usually present with abdominal pain and shock, gastrointestinal bleeding, or hemobilia when the aneurysm ruptures. Less frequently, visceral aneurysms are found incidentally during abdominal computed tomography or angiography. Thrombosis is a frequent complication of popliteal and femoral aneurysms but is rarely seen with a visceral aneurysm. The ...
Kato Takayoshi - - 2005
A 68-year-old man with ischemic heart disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and rectal cancer was referred. Coronary angiography indicated triple-vessel disease with jeopardized collaterals, and dipyridamole myocardial scintigraphy disclosed no viability in the inferior, posterior, and lateral walls. Abdominal computed tomography scanning revealed an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, 65 mm in ...
Gal Arnon - - 2005
A 2-year-old male castrated Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was presented with paraplegia, cold caudal extremities and lack of femoral pulses. A 2cm long thrombus occluding the aortic trifurcation and a 3cm long abdominal aortic aneurysm with a thrombus were detected by ultrasonographic examination. The clinical and ultrasonographic findings were consistent ...
Jayalath R W - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Vascular calcification is a complicating factor observed in advanced atherosclerosis. This review summarises the present knowledge regarding abdominal aortic calcification. DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: A literature review was carried using MEDLINE and PUBMED with the search terms 'abdominal', 'aortic' and 'calcification'. Articles were assessed for data regarding mechanisms, measurement, ...
Mahmood F - - 2005
This is the first case report of a ruptured aortic aneurysm presenting with acute right buttock pain. The patient was an 80 year old man. A literature search revealed one report of ruptured internal iliac artery aneurysm presenting with acute hip pain and another of an unruptured aortic aneurysm presenting ...
Selçuk Doğan - - 2005
An internal abdominal herniation is the protrusion of a viscus through a normal or abnormal mesenteric or peritoneal aperture. Internal abdominal herniations can either be acquired through a trauma or surgical procedure, or constitutional and related to congenital peritoneal defects. Paraduodenal hernias are the most common type of internal abdominal ...
Defawe Olivier Damien - - 2005
A 68-year-old man was hospitalized for unstable angina and underwent emergency coronary artery bypass surgery. During the operation, a pulsatile large abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was discovered. To define the optimal treatment of the abdominal aneurysm, after bypass surgery, CT scans and positron emission tomography (PET) were performed, as we ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early and accurate diagnosis of peripheral atherosclerosis is of paramount importance for global ma agement of patients with known coronary artery disease (CAD). HYPOTHESIS: We sought to evaluate retrospectively the prevalence and clinical relevance of significant abdominal vessel stenosis or aneurysm (AVA) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: Medical ...
Caldwell D P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We have successfully applied sequential volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysms to exclude endoleak in patients who have an aortic endostent. This study compared the effect of variable operator experience on volumetric calculation accuracy. METHODS: Four operators with different experience levels calculated abdominal aneurysm volumes in 10 patients at ...
Eugster Thomas - - 2005
A 55-year-old man was admitted with severe pain, paralysis of both legs and absent femoral pulses. Computed tomographic scan demonstrated a 6 cm juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with thrombosis starting at the level of the celiac trunk. At immediate operation, thrombectomy of visceral arteries was performed and distal neovascularization ...
Seker M - - 2005
Lumbar arteries are in series with the posterior intercostal arteries. The aim of this study has been to investigate the morphometric data on the abdominal aorta of the human fetus and define different types of origin variations of the lumbar artery. Initially, the latex solution colored with red ink was ...
Yekeler E - - 2005
Arterial manifestations of Behcet's disease consist of aneurysm formation, stenosis and occlusion. Aneurysms in Behcet's disease most commonly involve the pulmonary arteries and have been shown to resolve with medical treatment. However, this regression pattern with medical therapy has not been reported for aortic aneurysms to date. We present a ...
Lindholt Jes S - - 2005
To determine whether screening Danish men aged 65 or more for abdominal aortic aneurysms reduces mortality. Single centre randomised controlled trial. All five hospitals in Viborg County, Denmark. All 12,639 men born during 1921-33 and living in Viborg County. In 1994 we included men born 1921-9 (64-73 years). We also ...
Dahl T - - 2005
A 69-year-old man was admitted with low back pain and signs of nerve root compression. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed abscess formation in the left psoas region, spondylodiscitis L3-L4 and a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aortic aneurysm was replaced with a bifurcated vascular graft. One week later, laminectomy ...
Armstrong Peter J - - 2005
The rat model of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is associated with inflammation, destruction of extracellular matrix, and production of both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Indomethacin, a nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitor, may prevent AAA formation by inhibiting cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity. We hypothesized that indomethacin, rofecoxib (selective COX-2 ...
Coleman David - - 2005
We report two cases of hemodynamically stable patients with contained, ruptured, juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm that were both successfully treated by nonresectional therapy including axillobifemoral bypass with externally supported polytetrafluoroethylene graft, followed by coil embolization of the aneurysm sac and bilateral common iliac arteries. The patients were elderly with multiple ...
Eskandari Mark K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known elastolytic mediators of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) degeneration, and their activity is tightly regulated by the presence of tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). Imbalances in this system may be instrumental in compromising arterial wall integrity. The aim of this study was to show that, ...
Nagaba Y - - 2005
Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) has been known to be associated with a variety of vascular diseases. We present a hemodialysis patient with ADPKD who died of a massive intraperitoneal hemorrhage caused by the spontaneous rupture of a left gastroepiploic artery aneurysm. A 64-year-old male was admitted to our hospital ...
Catalano Orlando - - 2005
We describe the contrast-specific sonography features of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, and we hypothesize that this technique would be useful for emergency imaging of patients with suspected aneurysm rupture. We used contrast-specific sonography to assess eight patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Five of these cases were correlated with CT ...
Davidović Lazar - - 2005
In this study we aimed to define relevant prognostic predictors for the outcome of surgical treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. The study included 406 consecutive patients treated between January 1991 and December 2003. There were 337 (83%) male and 69 (17%) female patients aged 67 +/- 7.5 years. Fourteen ...
Shiiya Norihiko - - 2005
Elevated intra-abdominal pressure causing widespread organ dysfunction is known as abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). The subject of our case report is a 64-year-old man who underwent repair of a ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. During the operation, decompression laparotomy was required to relieve intra-abdominal ...
Mihara Yoshiaki - - 2005
We report 2 cases of ruptured pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm (PDAA) treated by transcatheter embolization (TAE). In the first case, a 63-year-old man complained of sudden abdominal pain and was transferred to our hospital because he collapsed in a state of shock. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed retroperitoneal hematoma and ascites. ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2005
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is well known to be associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Kidney tubules of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease synthesize and secrete high levels of matrix metalloproteinase 2, 3, and 9, especially matrix metalloproteinase 2, and serum matrix metalloproteinase 1 and plasma matrix metalloproteinase 9 concentrations ...
Jiao L R - - 2005
Background. Surgical resection remains the only curative procedure for liver metastases but even in expert hands it has appreciable morbidity and mortality rates. The presence of a concomitant aortic aneurysm greatly increases these risks. Case outline. A 66-year-old woman who was known to have large aneurysms of the thoraco-abdominal aorta ...
Singh Anjana - - 2005
Internal iliac artery aneurysms (IIAAs) are rare and their concealed location in the pelvis presents a diagnostic challenge. We report a case of a 79-year-old man who presented 12 years after an abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, with signs of prolapse, bleeding, hemorrhoids, and a deep vein thrombosis. His condition rapidly ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2005
Smoking has been known as a risk factor for aortic aneurysm. 5-Lipoxygenase is the key enzyme in leukotriene biosynthesis and catalyzes initial steps in the conversion of arachidonic acid to these biologically active lipid mediators, which are known to exert proinflammatory effects in vivo. Smoking can induce 5-lipoxygenase expression in ...
Massart Francesco - - 2004
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) synthesize elastin (ELN), major protein of aortic tunica media which confers strength and elasticity to aortic wall. Protein loss or distortion is typical in aneurysm tunica media. Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) inhibits growth and connective protein expression of abdominal VSMCs cultures. Also, in atherogenic ...
Coulier Bruno - - 2004
Aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm involving less than 1% of all abdominal aortic aneurysms and causing severe hemodynamic derangements from a large left-to-right shunt; early diagnosis and repair results in improved morbidity and lower mortality but the diagnosis is difficult. We report a case of ...
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