Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1420
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Farid A - - 1996
Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA) occur infrequently in clinical practice. The reported incidence varies from 2.5-15% of all abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Four percent of all AAA rupture into the vena cava. IAAA rupturing into the vena cava is exceedingly rare. To date, four such cases have been reported. IAAA ...
Darling R C RC - - 1996
Over the past two decades, the mortality rate for elective repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms has improved to an acceptable level (< 5%). However, surgical results of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms have remained fairly constant with about 50% in hospital mortality rates. Growing experience with the use of the ...
Lloyd W E - - 1996
In order to identify major risks for death and complications from elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm, the authors analyzed their experience with the last 1000 such repairs over a 15-year period. Of the patients, 772 were men and 228 were women; average age was 70 (range 37-92) years. Some ...
Vorp D A - - 1996
Intraluminal thrombus may play a role in abdominal aortic aneurysm pathogenesis and rupture. The purpose of this work was to demonstrate the feasibility of a new non-invasive method for the determination of the biomechanical features of the aortic wall and luminal boundary in abdominal aortic aneurysm containing intraluminal thrombus. Automated ...
Rozenblit A - - 1996
Infected aortic aneurysm is an uncommon, life-threatening disease. Early surgical treatment is crucial to survival. An early diagnosis could be made on CT in suspected cases, although CT features of infectious aortitis overlap with retroperitoneal fibrosis, hemorrhage, and lymphadenopathy. We report the case of an infected abdominal aortic aneurysm and ...
Chandra KS - - 1996
The conventional treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm is surgical replacement with a synthetic graft. Attempts have been made to treat these aneurysms using stent mounted grafts with reasonable success, thus obviating the need for surgery. However, certain problems like thromboembolism and the large profile are yet to be overcome. We ...
Reitsma J B - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To study the trend in incidence of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta in The Netherlands during the past two decades. SETTING: The Dutch population from 1972 to 1992. DESIGN: Analysis of all hospital admissions and deaths due to aneurysms of the abdominal aorta. OUTCOME MEASURES: Age adjusted and age ...
Smith D C - - 1996
Pulmonary embolism remains a serious cause of morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis based on clinical manifestations remains difficult. Prior reviews have rarely noted the potential for patients to present with abdominal complaints. Presented here is the case of a 28-yr-old woman who had signs and symptoms of an intra-abdominal catastrophe. The ...
Resnikoff M - - 1996
Nonresective treatment of the infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm by proximal and distal ligation of the aneurysm sac (exclusion) combined with aortic bypass has been previously reported. A 10-year experience with 831 patients undergoing this procedure was reviewed. From 1984 to 1994, 831 (761 elective, 70 urgent) of 1103 patients being ...
Torra R - - 1996
Although cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm have been repeatedly reported in the literature, no systematic studies of the aortas of these patients have been performed. In the study presented here, a sonographic study of the abdominal aorta in 139 ADPKD patients and ...
Bastounis E - - 1996
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the validity of current imaging methods for diagnosing anastomotic false aneurysms (AFA) of the aorta. One hundred four patients who had undergone elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between January 1, 1985, and May 31, 1991, were studied. All of them were ...
Lee A J - - 1996
Abdominal aortic aneurysms have traditionally been thought to be a consequence of severe atherosclerosis of the arterial wall. To date, the role of haemostatic factors in aneurysmal disease has not been extensively researched. The aim of this study was to see if such factors were independently related to the occurrence ...
Darling C C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to determine whether retroperitoneal approach for aortic surgery has certain physiologic, technical advantages. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The retroperitoneal approach for abdominal aortic reconstruction classically had been reserved for select patients with either high-risk comorbid disease or specific anatomic problems that preclude the transabdominal ...
Raghavan M L - - 1996
Knowledge of the biomechanical behavior of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) as compared to nonaneurysmal aorta may provide information on the natural history of this disease. We have performed uniaxial tensile testing of excised human aneurysmal and nonaneurysmal abdominal aortic specimens. A new mathematical model that conforms to the fibrous structure ...
Cook T A - - 1996
A prospective study of 99 patients with small abdominal aortic aneurysms was undertaken using serial ultrasound to assess the optimum screening interval. Fifty-three patients had aneurysms measuring 2.5-3.9 cm and 46 patients aneurysms of 4.0-4.9 cm. Aneurysms measuring 2.5-3.9 cm were screened annually and those > 4.0 cm every 6 ...
Fitzgerald E J - - 1996
Major additional pathology, in the abdomen or directly related to the aneurysm itself, which influenced surgical management was demonstrated in 39 (34.5%) of 113 patients with suspected abdominal aortic aneurysm who had undergone pre-operative assessment with computed tomography (CT). Major additional pathology within the abdomen was shown in 11 (9.7%) ...
Jaakkola P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To find out the local prevalence of familial abdominal aortic aneurysms. DESIGN: Retrospective open study. SETTING: University hospital, Finland. SUBJECTS: 71 families of patients operated on for abdominal aortic aneurysm. INTERVENTIONS: Ultrasound screening, personal interviews and study of population registers, death certificates and hospital records. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The ...
Suzumiya J - - 1996
A 49-year-old Japanese woman with follicular lymphoma who presented with severe abdominal and back pain is reported. She was known to have malignant lymphoma and had been previously treated with combination chemotherapy. An abdominal tumor occurring at the root of the mesentery and involving the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) had ...
Aboulafia D M - - 1996
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) may result in hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications and is rarely associated with stable abdominal aortic aneurysms. In a retrospective review of our experience over the past 5 years, we identified only two instances of DIC-associated abdominal aortic aneurysms among a total of 67 patients who were ...
Hunter G C - - 1996
Aortic blebs-focal outpouchings within aortic aneurysms-may contribute to their eventual rupture. In this study we determine the incidence of aortic blebs and describe their microscopic features. Computed tomographic scans of the abdominal aorta were obtained in 188 patients with aortic diameters measuring > or = 3 cm and were independently ...
Ventura J - - 1996
The abdominal and the pelvic arterial supply of the degu, Octodon degus, were described in 19 specimens (10 males and 9 females) from a laboratory strain. Animals were injected through the left ventricle of the heart with coloured latex solution and subsequently dissected under a surgical microscope. The arrangement and ...
Ohtake H - - 1996
Small abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture is uncommon and fatal. We report a case of twice sealed-rupture small abdominal aneurysm 3.5 cm in diameter. Computed tomography showed unusual findings of a hematoma-like multiple cyst around the small aneurysm. We were bothered the diagnosis. By the intraoperative finding; an irregular pseudoaneurysm, the ...
Dion Y M - - 1996
The purpose of the present study was to develop a technique for laparoscopic aortic aneurysm resection and aortobifemoral bypass through an anterior retroperitoneal approach. Eight piglets weighing between 75 and 80 kg were anesthetized. The concepts of Shumacker's anterior retroperitoneal exposure of the aorta were modified to allow laparoscopic exposure ...
Fuyama Y - - 1996
A 2 month old boy with Kawasaki disease developed the rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). He was followed up over 7 years by ultrasonography (2D-ECHO) with and without Doppler flow evaluation, angiography and computed tomography. Calcification was noted 33 months after the onset of the disease but the ...
Roland C F - - 1996
Abdominal aortic aneurysmal disease may lead to serious or fatal complications. Recent publications have noted the presence of aneurysms in as many as 14% of male patients older than 60 years with a history of cigarette smoking and peripheral vascular disease. To identify the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm in ...
Fenster M S - - 1996
Aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm involving less than 1% of all abdominal aortic aneurysms. The diagnosis is difficult, and preoperative identification can be challenging. We describe an interesting case of a 72-year-old man presenting with acute-onset dyspnea who was found to have an aortocaval fistula ...
Sanchez-Gonzalez J - - 1996
Spondylitis is one of the most frequent osteoarticular complications of Brucella infection in adults. Occasionally it gives rise to soft tissue paravertebral or epidural masses, which can compress surrounding structures. A patient with thrombosis of the abdominal aortic artery secondary to Brucella lumbar spondylitis is presented here, a complication that ...
Franks P J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate features of the smoking habit and other cardiovascular risk factors associated with the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm in smokers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case control study of smokers recruited, between 1989 and 1992, in a London teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Consecutive smokers referred with abdominal aortic aneurysm (cases ...
Nicolaou D D - - 1996
A 78-year-old man with a history of recent unexplained lower gastrointestinal bleeding presented to the emergency department with the acute onset of abdominal pain, tenesmus, and shock. Computed tomography of the abdomen showed a fistula between a common iliac artery aneurysm and the small intestine. Laparotomy demonstrated a saccular aneurysm ...
Lossing A G - - 1996
The creation of a temporary axillofemoral bypass in a patient undergoing surgery for an 8.1 cm symptomatic infrarenal aortic aneurysm is described. This adjunctive procedure, rarely used in abdominal aortic surgery, may have contributed to minimizing variations in afterload in a patient with a 20% ejection fraction and severe mitral ...
Shih W J - - 1996
Radionuclide angiogram (RNA) and aortogram may underestimate external aneurysmal diameter. Photon deficient areas are not uncommon along the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) on RNA. To determine whether or not photon deficient areas along the aneurysm could represent a large thrombus, we studied radionuclide aortic angiography in thirty-eight patients during a ...
Thompson M M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of neovascularisation in the wall of abdominal aortic aneurysms in comparison to atherosclerotic control aortas, and to correlate the angiogenic response with the extent of the cellular inflammatory infiltrate. DESIGN: Histopathological study. MATERIALS: Aortic samples were obtained from patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms and from ...
Gedalia A - - 1996
Childhood sarcoidosis is a rare disease with multisystemic organ involvement. A wide spectrum of vasculitides, including large vessel involvement, have been reported in childhood sarcoidosis. We describe a 7-year-old boy with childhood sarcoidosis who presented with prolonged fever, iritis, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. He underwent successful surgical repair of the ...
Tsuji A - - 1996
We report the case of a boy with a gigantic aneurysm in the thoraco-abdominal region which was detected by a chest X-ray taken prior to surgical correction of ptosis of the eyelids at 11 months of age. At 18 months, he successfully underwent aneurysm exclusion and bypass grafting. A biopsy ...
Wen S W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine, for abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery, whether a previously reported relationship between hospital case volume and mortality rate was observed in Ontario hospitals and to assess the potential impact of age on the mortality rate for elective surgery. DESIGN: Population based observational study using administrative data. SETTING: All ...
Bluth Edward I. - - 1996
Ultrasound is a very accurate and cost-effective method for evaluating the aorta and identifying abdominal aortic aneurysms. It is also valuable for following aneurysms for expansion. In the future, the use of color flow Doppler imaging may further prevent the risk of rupture by identifying specific high risk flow patterns. ...
al-Zahrani H A - - 1996
Atherosclerosis and its complications are associated with high morbidity and mortality in the elderly. One of these complications is abdominal aortic aneurysm which may be prevented from rupturing if diagnosed early. Screening for aortic aneurysm was carried out in Jeddah, which is in the western region of Saudi Arabia, to ...
Gabriel A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate tissue protection by PGE1 during leg ischemia in patients undergoing aortic surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 19 consecutive patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received infusions of 30 ng/kg/min of PGE1 or saline. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Hemodynamic ...
Ruiz CE - - 1996
Background: In our previous canine model of abdominal aortic aneurysm, although aneurysm growth was observed, the aneurysms did not rupture. This prompted us to develop a swine model, which has the advantage of fibrinolytic and coagulation systems similar to those found in humans. Methods: We simulated aneurysms by connecting fascia ...
Delahunt T A - - 1996
To evaluate the influence of the technical problems experienced when scanning transabdominally, a comparison was made between transabdominal and intra-abdominal Doppler parameters of the aorta and the splanchnic arteries. Peroperative color duplex sonography of the abdominal aorta and the splanchnic arteries was performed on 25 patients who were undergoing abdominal ...
Grevitt M P - - 1996
Chronic contained rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is rare. These aneurysms are small and affected patients are usually normotensive. The resultant pseudoaneurysmal sac may cause extensive vertebral erosion. Diagnosis is often delayed as the condition may present with symptoms referable to the lumbar spine. This report is of two ...
Villani M - - 1996
We describe a case of complete embolization of an aortic valve prosthesis to the abdominal aorta. To our knowledge, this patient is the 1st asymptomatic long-term survivor of this catastrophic event. In such cases, we recommend emergency surgery on the basis of echocardiographic results alone. Delay for more complete diagnostic ...
Lindholt J S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE - To analyse the benefits of screening older men for abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS - A hospital based screening trial concerning 13 500 65-73 year old men using B-mode ultrasonographic scanning. To improve the response rate the invited men could change their appointment, and nonresponders were reinvited. RESULTS - ...
Katsumata T - - 1996
To stabilize the hemodynamics before and during ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysmal repair, a mass-infusion system was developed and successfully employed in the treatment of two patients. The system consists of a combination of devices used in cardiopulmonary bypass, namely: suction, a reservoir, a heat exchanger, a bubble trap, and an ...
Satta J - - 1996
The aim of the study was to assess the surgical outcome of elective infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and the clinical and surgical factors that may predict this outcome. The series comprises 174 consecutive patients who underwent elective surgery for infrarenal AAA. Factors found to be predictive of early ...
Bartels C - - 1995
Operative morbidity and mortality are elevated in patients with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. Preoperative identification of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. the detection of the proximal level and of adhesions to adjacent structures are important for surgical management. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) for identification and ...
Arrivé L - - 1995
Inflammatory aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (IAAA) is a variant of atherosclerotic aneurysm that is characterized by inflammatory and/or fibrotic changes in the periaortic regions of the retroperitoneum [1, 2]. These inflammatory and/or fibrotic changes are probably the result of a local autoallergic reaction to certain components of atherosclerotic plaques ...
Mason R J - - 1995
A case of a 50-year-old man with chronic back pain, an abdominal aortic aneurysm and bony erosion of the lumbar spine due to a chondrosarcoma is reported. This report shows that the lumbar erosion seen in association with an aneurysm is unlikely to be a result of pressure erosion of ...
Pietri P - - 1995
An increasing number of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms are reported today, although it is not clear whether these are nosologically independent lesions or a particular evolution of atherosclerotic aneurysms with enhanced phlogistic processes and fibrous reaction. Several pathogenetic theories have been proposed (microfissuration, autoimmunity, lymphatic stasis); clinical symptoms are characterised ...
Ikeda M - - 1995
A case is reported of contained rupture of an infected abdominal aortic aneurysm as a result of vascular catheter-associated candidiasis. Candida was identified in the mural thrombus taken from the aneurysm during surgery. Since Candida has played an important role in nosocomial infection and catheter-associated sepsis during the past decade, ...
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