Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 813
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Jones J S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cardiovascular physical examination skills of emergency medicine (EM) housestaff and attending physicians. METHODS: Prospective, cohort assessment of EM housestaff and faculty performance on 3 valvular abnormality simulations (mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, and aortic regurgitation) conducted on the cardiology patient simulator, "Harvey." Participants examined each of the ...
Tribouilloy C M - - 1997
Pulmonary artery hypertension in patients with left ventricular dysfunction is related to poor outcome but the role of cardiac functional abnormalities in the genesis of pulmonary hypertension remains unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to identify the determinants of pulmonary hypertension in 102 consecutive patients with primary left ...
Nishikimi T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the pathophysiological significance of adrenomedullin in the pulmonary circulation by investigating the relation between plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin and central haemodynamics in patients with mitral stenosis. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin in blood samples obtained from the femoral vein, pulmonary artery, left atrium, and aorta were measured ...
Chen G Y - - 1997
A 26-year-old woman with congenital mitral stenosis and embolic stroke was referred to our hospital. The echocardiogram showed a hypoplastic posterior mitral valve leaflet with short, unbalanced chordal attachments to the posteromedial papillary muscle. The mitral valve area was 0.9 cm2 by the pressure half-time method. There was no left ...
Taylor A J - - 1997
Stenosis of the external iliac artery in healthy athletes, although uncommon, has been reported in competition cyclists. A case of a racing cyclist whose chronic vague leg symptoms were incorrectly attributed to L4/5 nerve root irritation is reported. This highlights the importance of clinical vascular testing when assessing ill defined ...
Palileo R A - - 1997
The transesophageal echocardiographic data of 62 patients with severe, rheumatic mitral stenosis, which was either isolated or associated with different degrees of mitral regurgitation were reviewed to study and compare their pulmonary venous flow patterns. Peak systolic and peak diastolic flow velocities and their respective time intervals were measured, and ...
Del Rosso A - - 1997
Relapsing polychondritis is an inflammatory disease that characteristically involves cartilagenous tissues. Cardiovascular involvement is a fairly common complication and the second most frequent cause of mortality in this disease. The case of a man with a progressive cardiac involvement, aortic incompetence, mitral regurgitation, and finally complete atrioventricular block offered the ...
Thomas J D - - 1997
To study the physical and physiological determinants of transmitral and pulmonary venous flow, a lumped-parameter model of the cardiovascular system has been created, modeling the instantaneous pressure, volume, and influx/efflux of the pulmonary veins, left atrium and ventricle, systemic arteries and veins. right atrium and ventricle, and pulmonary arteries. Initial ...
Rittoo D - - 1997
Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography (TTE, TEE) were performed in 130 consecutive patients referred for mitral balloon valvotomy. Atrial septal aneurysms were diagnosed by TTE and TEE in 2 and 3 patients, respectively. All 3 patients underwent mitral balloon valvotomy via the transseptal route. The foramen ovale was found to be ...
Yamamoto K - - 1997
We investigated the plasma levels of molecular markers for the status of thrombin generation and fibrinolysis in patients with mitral stenosis before and after percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty. Our results show that percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty results in decreased coagulation activity, suggesting that percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty is also useful for prevention of ...
Kadam P P - - 1997
The effect of closed mitral valvotomy on the spirometric pulmonary functions was studied in 25 patients with mitral stenosis. The tests were performed before and after operation, the latter at varying intervals (4 to 6 weeks and 8 to 12 months). The preoperative values were considerably low. After 4 to ...
Wilson W R - - 1997
A case of mitral regurgitation due to a stab wound to the heart in a nine-year-old boy is presented. The initial injury did not require operative intervention and was treated with closed tube thoracostomy alone. After six years and the development of progressive mitral insufficiency, a two-centimeter defect in the ...
Sarikamis C - - 1997
We evaluated the resolution of left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) one day before and three days after percutaneous mitral balloon valvulotomy (PMV) in 56 consecutive patients with mitral stenosis. SEC was present in 43 patients (77%) before the procedure. We associated ...
Etchells E E Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Toronto, Ontario. - - 1997
Our objective was to review the available evidence of the precision and accuracy of the clinical examination for abnormal systolic murmurs. We conducted a MEDLINE search, manually reviewed all reference lists, and contacted authors of published studies. Each study was independently reviewed by 2 observers and graded for methodologic quality. ...
Centamore G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: This study compares the mitral valve area determined by Doppler color mapping of the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) and by Doppler pressure half-time with that obtained by two-dimensional planimetry in patients affected by mitral stenosis, with and without associated aortic regurgitation. Pressure half-time frequently overestimates the mitral valve ...
Watraida S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Supravalvular mitral ring is exceedingly uncommon. METHODS: We report a 4-year-old girl with supravalvular stenotic mitral ring and ventricular septal defect (VSD). The VSD was closed by a Dacron patch and the supravalvular ring was excised. For treatment of supravalvular mitral ring with obstruction, surgical resection is commonly performed. ...
Ressia L - - 1997
We report the case of a 51-year-old woman who underwent percutaneous mitral valvotomy using single balloon technique for restenosis after a previous surgical closed commissurotomy. After the procedure, she presented with severe mitral regurgitation and was referred to our center for mitral valve replacement. At surgery, the underlying cause of ...
Rödig G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether chronic severe mitral regurgitation leads to an artifactual elevation of mixed venous oxygen saturation. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital setting. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation undergoing surgery on the mitral valve and 25 patients without mitral ...
Alfonso F - - 1996
A patient with rheumatic mitral stenosis associated with cor triatriatum is described. The anomalies were detected by two-dimensional echocardiography and confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography. Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty was successfully performed with the inoue technique. The clinical and technical implications during the procedure of this previously unreported association are discussed.
Malaterre H R - - 1996
Embolic thrombus on mitral anulus calcification (MAC) was demonstrated in an 83-year-old woman with retinal embolism. Mitral anulus calcification has been associated with a significant increase of stroke in elderly people. Atrial fibrillation and calcific emboli have been reported, and embolic thrombus by MAC may be another potential cause.
Punamiya K - - 1996
A novel, transhepatic approach to mitral valvuloplasty is described in a patient with an inferior vena caval filter. After transhepatic transseptal puncture, an Inoue dilatation catheter was passed through the hepatic parenchyma and across the atrial septum. Balloon mitral valvuloplasty was performed without complications. This approach should be considered when ...
Reddy S C - - 1996
We report a case of a 28-year-old woman with severe mitral stenosis for which surgical closed commissurotomy was done. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography was performed to assess its utility during this surgical procedure. It was helpful in instant confirmation of the adequacy of the surgery, detecting residual mitral regurgitation, and in ...
Hopmeyer J - - 1996
Mitral regurgitation results from the incomplete closure of the mitral valve, and the noninvasive diagnosis of this disease remains an important clinical goal. In this study, steady flow computer simulations were used to evaluate flow convergence method for flow rate estimation. The hemispheric and hemielliptic formulae were compared for accuracy ...
Nallet O - - 1996
Percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) was successfully performed in a 48-year-old woman with dextrocardia and situs inversus and a severe mitral stenosis. After PMC, the valve area increased from 0.97 to 1.89 cm2, and no complication occurred. This case shows that PMC is practicable in a case of dextrocardia with situs ...
Teien D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between pulmonary venous systolic flow fraction (PVSFfr) recorded using pulsed Doppler transesophageal echocardiography and angiographic grading and haemodynamic parameters in subgroups of patients with mitral regurgitation. BACKGROUND: Reversed systolic pulmonary venous flow is a sensitive sign of severe mitral regurgitation. Scarse data are available regarding ...
Lau K W - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Although the efficacy of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty in patients with unoperated mitral stenosis has been well documented, there exists less clear-cut data on its effectiveness in patients with mitral restenosis after previous surgical commissurotomy. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to evaluate our immediate and midterm results ...
Blomstrand P - - 1996
Mitral and pulmonary venous flow velocity recordings are often used for the assessment of left ventricular diastolic function. These curves are, however, also influenced by other factors. To investigate whether mitral annulus motion carries additional information in this context, mitral annulus motion was compared to Doppler registrations of mitral and ...
Alfonso F - - 1996
A 75-year-old woman with severe rheumatic mitral stenosis was admitted for percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty. Two-dimensional echocardiography disclosed severe calcification of the posterolateral left atrial wall and interatrial septum. Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty, using the inoue technique, was successfully performed after a transseptal puncture through the calcified interatrial septum, avoiding the need ...
Ohata T - - 1996
We report herein an infant case of Ebstein's anomaly with abnormal diastolic filling pattern of the left ventricle. We also compare the case with a comparable case without such abnormal filling pattern. The patient, who had pulmonary valve stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus and mild mitral regurgitation, underwent transventricular valvotomy at ...
Miche E - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Percutaneous mitral valvulotomy has been shown to be an accept able alternative to surgery as treatment for selected patients with severe mitral stenosis. Uncertainty still exists regarding predictors of unsuccessful outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 308 patients with severe mitral stenosis underwent Inoue single balloon ...
Trippi J A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the clinical utility of interpreting emergency echocardiograms after regular working hours through a telemedicine connection to on-call cardiologists. BACKGROUND: Physician interpretation of emergency echocardiograms is often delayed during weekends, evenings or night hours. This delay places undue responsibility on less qualified personnel to interpret ...
Pansini S - - 1996
Host factors might influence the fate of tissue prostheses. We have analyzed the tissue failure phenomenon in mitral and aortic porcine bioprostheses explanted from the same patient so as to avoid the bias of host factors. The 50 bioprostheses of this study were explanted from 25 patients reoperated on because ...
Pai R G - - 1996
Constrictive pericarditis is a fibrotic process involving both layers of the pericardium and is known to give rise to obstruction to blood flow in the right heart. We report a patient with constrictive pericarditis who had echocardiographic features of mitral stenosis caused by a fibrocalcific mass lesion involving the mitral ...
Carter L - - 1996
Severe mitral stenosis has traditionally been treated with surgical splitting or replacement of the mitral valve. A less invasive option is available, in which the value is stretched by an inflated balloon inserted via the femoral vein (percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty). The most widely used method of mitral valvuloplasty, the ...
Lau K W KW Department of Cardiology, Singapore General Hospital, - - 1996
To assess the short- and long-term efficacy of Inoue balloon percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) with use of our simple balloon sizing method based on patient height. Data from 105 consecutive patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis who underwent 107 PTMC procedures between October 1991 and April 1995 at our hospital ...
Oki T - - 1996
A rare case of annulo-aortic ectasia is reported in a 65-year-old man who had aortic and mitral regurgitation during systole and diastole. He was hospitalized for further examination of the heart due to cardiomegaly and heart murmurs. Aortography revealed severe aortic regurgitation. On color Doppler flow imaging, we could detect ...
Ryan T - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To study the reproducibility of and agreement between perioperative transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) and radionuclide (RN) assessment of ventricular volumes and ejection fraction (EF). DESIGN: A prospective, blinded comparison of two methods of measurement. SETTING: A surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients after coronary artery bypass ...
Patel TM - - 1996
Three patients of mirror-image dextrocardia were subjected to balloon valvuloplasty at our institute. One patient had severe pliable rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS), another had severe calcific rheumatic MS and the third had moderate rheumatic MS and severe rheumatic aortic stenosis (AS). Necessary modifications in the standard septal puncture technique, Inoue ...
Padial L R - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: Using two-dimensional echocardiography, we sought to identify features that are associated with severe mitral regurgitation after percutaneous mitral valvulotomy and combine them into a predictive score. BACKGROUND: Severe mitral regurgitation after percutaneous mitral valvulotomy is a major complication carrying an adverse prognosis that, to date, has not been predictable ...
Trevino A J - - 1996
We examined the immediate results and 2-year follow-up of percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) using the Inoue balloon (IB) and double-balloon (DB) techniques. Short-term comparisons have been described, but long-term comparisons have not been available. PTMC was performed in 208 adult patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis (MS) and mitral valve ...
Cavros N G - - 1996
Congestive heart failure is a relatively uncommon manifestation of thyrotoxic heart disease, and different mechanisms have been proposed. The authors present a possible explanation of congestive heart failure in some cases of thyrotoxicosis. A 39 year-old woman with Graves' disease was hypermetabolic, in atrial fibrillation, and had signs of congestive ...
Fukuda N - - 1996
Systolic ejection murmurs of the left heart usually have their peak during early to mid-systole. Few reports have addressed ejection murmurs with their peak at late systole. We evaluated the clinical significance of an apical systolic ejection murmur with a peak intensity during late systole using Doppler and two-dimensional (2-D) ...
Hung J S - - 1996
Balloon mitral commissurotomy is a safe and effective alternative therapeutic modality in selected patients with significant rheumatic mitral stenosis. Since its introduction in 1984, Inoue balloon mitral commissurotomy has gained wider acceptance over other balloon valvuloplasty techniques because it is technically less demanding and associated with fewer complications. Nevertheless, certain ...
DeVane G G - - 1996
Those who do not regularly participate in cardiac surgery are often anxious when faced with the patient with valvular dysfunction. The need for periodic review by anesthetists is critical for quality patient care. A review of the physiology and anesthetic management of aortic stenosis, mitral stenosis, aortic insufficiency, mitral regurgitation, ...
Gupta R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Advances in balloon catheter technology have revolutionized the management of obstructive cardiovascular diseases. For lesions like mitral stenosis, balloon commissurotomy has emerged as an alternative to surgical relief showing definite functional benefits in a few clinical trials, albeit with variable results. Such variability necessitated objective evaluation of the efficacy ...
McClung J A - - 1996
We report a case of an angiographically documented fistula between the circumflex coronary artery and a left strial appendage thrombus in a patient with mitral stenosis, flow from which can be demonstrated solely by a color doppler transesophageal echocardiogram. Evaluation of catheter derived hemodynamics and angiographic flow patterns reveals a ...
Diker E - - 1996
The highest frequency of AF in RHD occurs in those with mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, and tricuspid regurgitation in combination. AF, while occurring in 29% of patients with isolated mitral stenosis and in 16% with isolated mitral regurgitation, is an infrequent finding (1%) in patients with aortic valvular disease. Left ...
D'Cruz I A - - 1995
A 59-year-old man with end-stage renal disease and on hemodialysis had neither mitral stenosis nor mitral calcification on echo-Doppler examination in 1989, but had extensive mitral calcification and definite mitral stenosis on conventional and transesophageal echocardiography in 1994. The left ventricle had marked concentric hypertrophy. To our knowledge this is ...
Ma C - - 1995
Percutaneous balloon mitral valvoplasty (PBMV) and radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) have been used in the treatment of mitral stenosis (MS) and supraventricular tachycardia. The techniques of PBMV and RFCA yield better results with the development of interventional cardiology, but there is no report about PBMV performed simultaneously with RFCA in ...
Shapira Y - - 1995
The left ventriculograms of 113 patients, divided into seven groups, were reviewed for the detection of unopacified front (UOF) of blood entering the left ventricle (LV) during diastole. Normal UOF was detected in all the patients without left-sided valvular heart disease (regardless of the existence of coronary artery disease), constrictive ...
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