Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 813
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Hwang J J - - 1999
AIMS: To evaluate the correlation of the flow patterns of the four pulmonary veins as assessed by transesophageal echocardiography and the influence of significant mitral regurgitation on this correlation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients with normal sinus rhythm and variable underlying cardiovascular diseases underwent transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic studies. Doppler ...
Oda T - - 1999
To evaluate the importance of preserving the mitral complex, clinical outcomes and postoperative left ventricular (LV) functions of 175 patients with pure mitral regurgitation (MR) were analyzed. They were divided into three groups; patients who had conventional mitral valve replacement (cMVR; n = 47), posterior mitral leaflet preserved MVR (pMVR; ...
L'ltalien G J - - 1999
Despite two generations of vascular prosthetic research, the optimal arterial surgical replacement for aortocoronary, femoropopliteal, and femorodistal reconstruction remains autogenous saphenous vein. It has become apparent from numerous investigations that the main reasons for the advantageous clinical performance of autogenous saphenous vein are its antithrombogenic endothelial surface and its elastic ...
Mohanty S R - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Isolated cleft of the anterior mitral leaflet is a rare cause of mitral insufficiency. Although an established entity, due to its rarity the exact anatomic diagnosis is difficult to establish unless sought specifically. METHODS: Four patients (age range: 16 to 26 years) with isolated ...
Wang A - - 1998
Left atrial v-wave amplitude has been associated with the presence and severity of chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) but it has not been evaluated for the detection of acute MR. We evaluated the left atrial v-wave amplitude of 205 consecutive patients with mitral stenosis immediately before and after stepwise, incremental balloon ...
Akasaka T - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess coronary flow characteristics in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). BACKGROUND: Coronary flow reserve (CFR) has been reported to be restricted in cases with left ventricular (LV) volume overload caused by aortic regurgitation and increased LV preload. METHODS: The study populations ...
Glower D D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty and durable mitral prostheses have made the role of open mitral commissurotomy (OMC) uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: Results from the use of St Jude mitral valve replacement (SJMVR) were compared with those of the use of OMC in 312 consecutive patients with mitral stenosis between ...
Grossmann G - - 1998
In patients with mitral (n=77: organic=49, functional=28) and tricuspid regurgitation (n=55: functional=54) quantified by angiography, the temporal variation of the proximal flow convergence region throughout systole was assessed by colour Doppler M-Mode, and peak and mean radius of the proximal isovelocity surface area for 28 cm/s blood flow velocity were ...
Hussain K M - - 1998
This report concerns an apparently healthy woman who presented simultaneously with acute massive bilateral pulmonary embolism and mitral regurgitation, subsequently, a month later, resulting in pulmonary edema secondary to chordae rupture of the mitral valve. The authors believe that massive pulmonary embolism predisposed to chordal rupture in this case. It ...
Stefanadis C I - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to present the immediate and intermediate long-term results of the application of retrograde nontransseptal balloon mitral valvuloplasty (RNBMV) in four cooperating centers from Greece and India. BACKGROUND: RNBMV is a purely transarterial method of balloon valvuloplasty, developed with the aim to avoid complications associated with transseptal ...
Ferretti G R - - 1998
A 67 yr old female with mitral stenosis presented with an acute haemoptysis caused by the rupture of pulmonary varices. Chest radiography and bronchoscopy showed nonspecific abnormalities. The diagnosis of this rare but potentially lethal complication was made using computed tomographic angiography with three-dimensional volume rendering.
Hildick-Smith D J - - 1998
Patients with mechanical aortic valve prostheses occasionally develop subsequent mitral stenosis and present as candidates for further intervention. Repeat thoracotomy in such patients carries considerable operative risk, but the traditional alternative of balloon mitral valvuloplasty with transaortic intraventricular monitoring is not feasible because mechanical aortic prostheses cannot be safely crossed ...
Flachskampf F A - - 1998
Doppler evaluation of mitral regurgitation remains difficult; thus, a head-to-head comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of Doppler methods was undertaken. Fifty patients with native mitral regurgitation underwent multiplane transesophageal echocardiography within 5 days of catheterization. Angiographic grade of mitral regurgitation and, in 20 patients with grade II-IV regurgitation, invasively determined ...
Tantibhedhyangkul W - - 1998
In this report we describe a 70-year-old woman with unrecognized nonobstructive cor triatriatum (CT). She had concomitant mitral regurgitation and coronary artery disease. Diagnosis of CT and its hemodynamic assessment were accomplished by transesophageal echocardiography. Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated multiple fenestrations in the left atrial membrane. Intraoperative findings confirmed the ...
Chiang C W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Most studies of the predictors of systemic embolism in patients with mitral stenosis have been retrospective. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively study factors associated with systemic embolism in mitral stenosis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated medical institution with 3000 beds. PATIENTS: 534 consecutive patients with a mitral valve area of ...
Smith MD - - 1998
Echocardiography-Doppler methods frequently are used to assess patients with mitral and aortic valve disease. Quantitation of the regurgitant lesions remains an important part of the noninvasive exam. Recently, several newer quantitative methods have been developed that can be helpful to the clinician. This article reviews conventional volumetric techniques and recently ...
Buchanan J W - - 1998
To develop a method for reducing mitral regurgitation in dogs by positioning and tightening a circumferential suture around the mitral valve annulus. Description of clinical cases. 15 dogs with spontaneous mitral valve disease, annular dilation, and refractory congestive heart failure treated between 1962 and 1994. A composite suture material was ...
Nagaraja Kamalakar Kadali Venkata - - 1998
Left atrial (LA) ball thrombus is a rare disorder. These ball thrombi are generally associated with mitral stenosis, and the restricted mitral orifice encloses the free-floating thrombus in the LA. There is a potential for fatal systemic emboli or mitral valve orifice occlusion that may result in sudden death. We ...
Kerstetter K K - - 1998
To determine the short-term hemodynamic effects associated with circumferential mitral annuloplasty (CMA) in dogs with mitral regurgitation. Prospective experimental study. Animals-Seven healthy adult mongrel dogs. Mitral regurgitation was surgically induced, and annular dilation occurred. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization were used to determine forward ejection fraction (FEF), regurgitant fraction (RF), pulmonary ...
VanHelder T - - 1998
PURPOSE: This is the first report describing combined spinal epidural anaesthesia for labour and unexpected Caesarean section in a patient with mitral and aortic stenosis and insufficiency. CLINICAL FEATURES: The patient was a 30-yr-old GIPO with a history of rheumatic fever. She had moderate stenosis and insufficiency of the mitral ...
Richards D R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive estimation of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) with Doppler-derived mitral inflow pattern has been shown to correlate well with invasively measured PCWP; however, it has not yet been determined whether Doppler-derived mitral inflow pattern can be used to estimate PCWP accurately in heart transplant recipients. METHODS: To determine ...
Sengupta A - - 1998
Hoarseness of voice due to paralysis of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve caused by a dilated left atrium in mitral stenosis as discussed by Ortner, is a subject of controversy. Different authors have cited different mechanisms as explanation. A variety of cardiac problems such as primary pulmonary hypertension, ischaemic heart ...
Grinberg A R - - 1998
Acute mitral insufficiency, originated from rupture of mitral chordae tendineae secondary to nonpenetrating thoracic trauma, is an unusual condition. This diagnosis is difficult to establish because physical examination, electrocardiogram, and cardiac enzymes are neither sensitive nor specific. The diagnosis of rupture must be quickly established because this disorder may be ...
Zuber M - - 1998
A variety of echogenic structures that can be detected by echocardiography in the left atrioventricular groove are best seen in the parasternal long-axis view and can be missed if not carefully looked for. Normal anatomic structures or variants can be seen, for example, dilated coronary sinus, persistent left superior vena ...
Gupta S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty with the Inoue balloon is conventionally performed with double vascular access: arterial and venous. However, in patients with a good echogenic window it may be performed with venous access only and the procedure monitored by 2D-echocardiography and colour flow mapping. This should result in early ambulation ...
Vignon P - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Diastolic wall motion asynchrony is a major determinant of impaired left ventricular (LV) filling in patients with concentric hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. We evaluated the ability of Color Kinesis, a new echocardiographic technique that color-encodes endocardial motion, to quantitatively assess global and regional LV filling properties. METHODS AND ...
Bruce C J - - 1998
There have been significant changes in presentation, diagnosis, and therapy of patients with mitral stenosis. Both the prevalence of mitral stenosis, as well as the type of patient now with mitral stenosis, have changed significantly over the past few decades. In patients with mitral stenosis two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography have ...
Voon W C - - 1998
We report on a 68-year-old male case of mitral regurgitation secondary to aortic regurgitation diagnosed using transthoracic echocardiography. A different mechanism of mitral regurgitation secondary to aortic regurgitation is demonstrated in this report. Two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography may be a useful tool for anatomic evaluation to define its mechanism.
Yamamoto K - - 1998
Although plasma levels of adrenomedullin are elevated in patients with heart failure, levels in patients with mitral stenosis are unknown. We determined plasma levels of adrenomedullin in specimens of blood obtained from the peripheral veins of 15 consecutively treated patients with mitral stenosis 1 week before and 1 week after ...
Cheng T O - - 1998
The Inoue technique of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty, introduced in 1984, is a truly startling advance in cardiology in modern times. It is time to reeducate our colleagues that when they hear the opening snap in patients with mitral stenosis, they should automatically open these stenotic mitral valves with an ...
Afrangui B - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We present a report of a parturient with severe mitral valve stenosis diagnosed during a previous pregnancy who developed severe preeclampsia. METHODS: Labor and subsequent abdominal delivery were managed with epidural analgesia and anesthesia. The clinical management was guided by invasive hemodynamic monitoring, including a flow-directed pulmonary ...
Valente M - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Pericarbon is a new-generation bovine pericardial bioprosthesis designed to withstand mechanical wear. Following optimal in vitro testing and animal experiments, clinical trials were initiated in many European centers and explants sent to our department for pathological evaluation. This included gross, radiographic, histologic and ultrastructural ...
Chandrasekar B - - 1998
The effect of acute haemodynamic changes that occur following balloon mitral valvotomy on the electrocardiogram were studied in 25 patients with isolated rheumatic mitral stenosis. Statistically significant changes were observed in the characteristics of P-wave and QRS axis. Patients who showed changes in P-wave had significantly greater fall in left ...
Allan J J - - 1998
Our objective is to develop a new transthoracic Doppler echocardiographic technique to determine mitral regurgitant fraction. The standard color Doppler method for assessment of mitral regurgitation is semiquantitative and dependent on instrument gain. By using the mitral and aortic valve continuous wave Doppler velocities, one can determine regurgitant fraction. This ...
Chen C R - - 1998
We studied the first 202 patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) who underwent percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) with the Inoue balloon catheter for a follow-up (FU) period of 5-11 years. Pre- and post-PBMV and at FU, the mean left atrial pressure was 21.3+/-7.4, 10.2+/-5.6, and 11.2+/-4.1 mm Hg; mean ...
Goldman J H - - 1998
Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty is a well-established elective treatment for mitral stenosis in selected patients; it has been used to treat cardiogenic shock secondary to aortic stenosis but has not been previously used for cardiogenic shock secondary to mitral stenosis. We describe a case of cardiogenic shock secondary to severe ...
Kolev N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of the color Doppler proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method, compared with the jet area method, in determining the severity of mitral regurgitation in the perioperative period using angiographic grading as a reference method. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled prospective study. SETTING: Single university hospital. METHODS: Thirty-three ...
Heinle S K - - 1998
Mitral regurgitation (MR) severity is routinely assessed by Doppler color flow mapping, which is subject to technical and hemodynamic variables. Vena contracta width may be less influenced by hemodynamic variables and has previously been shown to correlate with angiographic estimates of MR severity. This study was performed to compare mitral ...
Henrique Weitzel Luís - - 1998
To evaluate the value and the determinants of valve resistance in mitral stenosis, 95 patients with pure mitral stenosis were examined by Doppler echocardiography during their clinical follow-up, measuring cavity dimensions, left ventricular function, mitral area (by planimetry and pressure half time), mean transmitral pressure gradient, aortic flow, and pulmonary ...
Sloth E - - 1998
Correct assessment of vessel cross-sectional area (CSA) is essential for reliable cardiac output (CO) measurements by means of pulsed Doppler echocardiography. In 23 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) the main pulmonary artery CSA and diameter changes were assessed by epicardial two-dimensional echocardiography using a 7.5 MHz cm2 ...
Yeo T C - - 1998
We present an unusual case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy complicated by mitral regurgitation resulting from chordal rupture with flail posterior mitral leaflet. The diagnosis was suggested by the presence of an anteriorly directed mitral regurgitation jet on transthoracic color flow imaging, in addition to the typical posterolateral-lateral jet caused by systolic ...
Kang D H - - 1998
This study assesses the efficacy of oral anticoagulation in resolving left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi and evaluates clinical outcomes of percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty after resolution of LAA thrombi compared with mitral valve replacement. Warfarin therapy is successful in resolving LAA thrombi; percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty after resolution of LAA thrombi is ...
Inaba H - - 1997
A 3-year-old boy underwent mitral valve repair for congenital mitral stenosis through combined superior-septal atriotomy and apical left ventriculotomy. The operation was performed safely with excellent exposure of the subvalvular apparatus by the ventricular approach, while sufficient visualization of the valvular lesion was obtained by the atrial approach. Postoperative echocardiography ...
Defraigne J O - - 1997
Fatal mural endocarditis and botryomycosis occurred concurrently in a 62-year-old women 4 months after orthotopic heart transplantation. Subsequent to mild mitral regurgitation, infection developed on a left atrial thrombus and was complicated by cerebral embolization. Simultaneously, skin nodules manifested on both forearms. Histologic examination revealed typical aspects of early evolving ...
Hozumi T - - 1997
Recent development of the automated cardiac flow measurement (ACFM) method has provided automated measurement of stroke volume and cardiac output by spatial and temporal integration of digital Doppler velocity profile data. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of the ACFM method using digital color Doppler ...
Abraham KA - - 1997
Six-hundred twenty-nine patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis in normal sinus rhythm underwent percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) by the standard Inoue balloon technique. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography, when necessary, transesophageal echocardiogram was done before PTMC to exclude left atrial clot. In all cases, the PTMC procedure was completed without ...
Sinha N - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Juvenile rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) with severe pulmonary venous and arterial hypertension (PAH) is a relatively common occurrence in developing countries. The study objectives were to evaluate the safety, efficacy and follow up of Inoue balloon mitral valvotomy (IBMV) in juveniles with rheumatic MS. ...
Minich L L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of rheumatic fever is based on physical findings (major) and supporting laboratory evidence (minor) as defined by the Jones criteria. Rheumatic carditis is characterized by auscultation of a mitral regurgitant murmur. Doppler echocardiography, however, may detect mitral regurgitation when there is no murmur ("silent" mitral regurgitation), even ...
Oku K - - 1997
Two-dimensional echocardiographic (2-D) planimetry and the Doppler pressure half-time (PHT) method have been used to estimate mitral valve area (MVA) in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). Recently, the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method has been shown to be accurate for calculating MVA. The purpose of this study was to ...
Joseph P K - - 1997
Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) using the Inoue technique was performed in 557 patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis. Of these, 107 were children aged 10-18 years (mean +/- SD 14.5 +/- 2.3). All patients were symptomatic New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II (n = 78) and Class III (n ...
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