Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 813
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Zacà Valerio - - 2007
An 81-year-old man complained with increasing dyspnoea and asthenia few months after a successful double mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty intervention. The echocardiogram revealed a partial detachment of the mitral annuloplasty ring due to dehiscence determining a severe regurgitation. Curiously, at Color-Doppler analysis of mitral inflow, the prolapse of the detached ...
Gelfand Eli V - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is widely recognized as a non-invasive gold standard for quantification of ventricular volumes. In addition, it is an emerging diagnostic modality for clinical evaluation of mitral regurgitation (MR) and aortic regurgitation (AR). CMR facilitates accurate quantitation of regurgitation volumes and regurgitant fraction, but referring physicians ...
Nigam Vivek - - 2006
The time interval between the aortic (A2) and pulmonary (P2) components of the second heart sound (S2) is an indicator of the presence and severity of several cardiac abnormalities. However, in many cases identification of the A2 and P2 components is difficult due to their temporal overlap and significant spectral ...
Shimizu Masatoshi - - 2006
A 76-year-old man developed congestive heart failure due to severe mitral regurgitation after episodes of vasospastic angina. Echocardiography demonstrated left ventricular apical akinesis with ballooning and deformity of the anterior mitral leaflet becoming concave toward the left atrium. The acetylcholine provocation test induced diffuse coronary vasospasm in the distal segments ...
Harikrishnan S - - 2006
This report evaluated whether acute phase reactants can predict the development of mitral regurgitation following percutaneous mitral valvotomy. 58 patients who developed significant mitral regurgitation following valvotomy were retrospectively compared with 58 age, sex and procedure technique matched control patients, who had valvotomy without mitral regurgitation. ESR and total leucocyte ...
Messika-Zeitoun David - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Doppler pressure half-time (PHT) is widely used for mitral valve area (MVA) assessment but its accuracy has not been fully evaluated before and after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) in a large series of patients. METHODS: In 120 patients with severe mitral stenosis, MVA(PHT) was prospectively evaluated before and 24 ...
Abdul Latiff Mohamed, Mollyza ...
Rheumatic mitral stenosis is prevalent in this part of the world and it gives rise to wide array of manifestations. However, hoarseness of voice secondary to recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (Ortner's syndrome) is an uncommon manifestation. This case illustrates an uncommon presentation in a common disease. A 29-yearold lady presented ...
Monin J-L - - 2005
Stress haemodynamics for asymptomatic mitral valve regurgitation may prove helpful in determining the optimal timing for surgery.
Kinjo Sakura - - 2005
We have experienced three rare cases of hemodynamic deterioration and transient mitral regurgitation (MR) induced by a suction-type tissue stabilizer during the left internal thoracic artery (LITA)-to-LAD (left anterior descending) coronary artery anastomosis. Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) showed new or worsening MR during the placement of a tissue stabilizer. In all ...
Fang Ligang - - 2005
In this report, we evaluate 56 consecutive adult patients who underwent standard two-dimensional (2D) and live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D TTE), as well as left heart catheterization with aortography (45 patients) or cardiac surgery (11 patients), for evaluation of aortic insufficiency. Similar to the method we previously described for mitral ...
Puri Poonam - - 2005
We report a case of massive posterior mitral annular calcification causing severe systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral leaflet and dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Mechanism of genesis of systolic anterior motion by this unusual mechanism is illustrated. Importance of recognizing this mechanism and its implications for surgical ...
Debbal S M - - 2005
The paper is concerned with the analysis of the phonocardiogram signals (PCG) in the time-frequency domain. Three techniques are studied and evaluated in PCG signal analysis. These are the short time Fourier transform (STFT), the Wigner distribution function (WD) and the continuous wavelet transforms (CWTs). The analysis is first carried ...
Langer Frank - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Residual or recurrent mitral regurgitation frequently occurs after mitral ring annuloplasty repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), because annuloplasty primarily addresses annular dilatation. We describe a subvalvular repair technique addressing posterior papillary muscle (PPM) displacement. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten sheep had radiopaque markers placed on the left ventricle (LV) ...
Kaji Shuichiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although animal studies showed that annular remodeling may be related to the pathogenesis of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (CIMR), little was known in humans. A better understanding of the precise 3D geometry of the mitral valvular-ventricular complex in CIMR is needed to devise a better surgical technique. The purpose ...
Stanin, Damir; Department of ...
A sample of 317 dogs with radiologically diagnosed acquired heart diseases was studied. Of the above number, 225 (70.98%) had mitral insufficiency, 54 (17.03%) had dilation cardiomyopathy, 28 (8.83%) had cor pulmonale, 5 (1.58%) had pericarditis, 3 (0.95%) had arterial stenosis, and 2 (0.63%) had stenosis of the pulmonary artery. ...
Li Mingzhou - - 2005
Twenty-six patients with severe pure mitral stenosis underwent Doppler echocardiographic examination and cardiac catheterization within the same day before the realization of mitral valve balloon valvuloplasty. Net atrioventricular compliance estimated by Doppler echocardiography from the ratio of mitral valve effective orifice area and E-wave downslope was a major independent determinant ...
O'Leary C A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible association between Bull Terrier polycystic kidney disease (BTPKD) and cardiac disease, to determine the prevalence of mitral valve disease (MVD) and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in the Australian Bull Terrier population, and to compare auscultation and echocardiography in detection of cardiac disease in ...
Daimon Masao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although surgical annuloplasty is the standard repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), its application is limited by high morbidity and mortality. Using 2D and real-time 3D echocardiography in an ovine model of chronic IMR, we evaluated the geometric impact and short-term efficacy of a percutaneous transvenous catheter-based approach for ...
Yamauchi Yasuteru - - 2005
Hemodynamic deterioration because of worsening of mitral regurgitation can occur in a small number of patients undergoing atrioventricular node (AVN) ablation and pacing therapy. Patients with moderate mitral regurgitation before ablation seem prone to this complication. Successful permanent His-bundle pacing after AVN ablation was performed in a patient with chronic ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify the prevalence and characteristics of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia or premature ventricular contraction originating from the mitral annulus (MAVT/PVC). BACKGROUND: Recent case reports have presented patients with MAVT/PVC. METHODS: Electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics and the results of electrophysiologic investigation and radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) were analyzed in ...
Nielsen Sten Lyager - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation is caused by an imbalance of the entire mitral-ventricular complex. This interaction is mediated through the chordae tendineae force distribution, which may perturb several elements of the mitral valve apparatus. Our objective was to investigate the association between the mitral valvular 3-dimensional geometric perturbations and chordae ...
Slight Robert D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cor-triatriatum sinister is a rare congenital heart defect resulting from the division of the left atrium by a fibro-muscular membrane. It is usual for patients to present in infancy and early childhood, although some cases remain undetected until adult life. As a consequence of trans-membrane flow obstruction, the clinical ...
Maisano Francesco - - 2004
Pericardial annuloplasty has been used as an alternative to prosthetic annuloplasty. One drawback of pericardial annuloplasty is the risk of cinching of tissues during knot tying, possibly leading to uncontrolled downsizing and to complications such as mitral stenosis and systolic anterior motion of the anterior leaflet. A simple modification of ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2004
A case of a large left atrial appendage thrombus in the presence of severe mitral regurgitation is presented. The use of transesophageal echocardiography in this setting was not only useful but also crucial despite the low anticipated diagnostic yield given the expected altered left atrial flow dynamics from the turbulent ...
Liu Yueh-Ping - - 2004
An association between mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and hyperthyroidism has been described in adults. However, the long-term prognosis when associated with significant mitral regurgitation remains unclear. Three consecutive children with Graves' disease were found to have a loud mitral regurgitation murmur (grade III/VI) and echocardiographic evidence of MVP with moderate ...
Lin Shiow Jiuan - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the pressure half-time (PHT) method for estimating mitral valve areas (MVAs) by velocity-encoded cardiovascular magnetic resonance (VE-CMR) and to compare the method with paired Doppler ultrasound. BACKGROUND: The pressure half-time Doppler echocardiography method is a practical technique for ...
Trehan Vijay - - 2004
We describe a new technique of sealing cardiac perforation resulting in cardiac tamponade during transvenous mitral commissurotomy by percutaneous instillation of cyanoacrylate glue at the perforation site, thus avoiding surgery.
Minakawa Masahito - - 2004
Since the residual mitral regurgitation after the Dor procedure contributes to increasing postoperative mortality, repair of mitral regurgitation has become one of the essential surgical approaches. We describe two cases of transventricular posterior annuloplasty using a trimmed Duran ring for surgical management of ischemic mitral regurgitation performed with the Dor ...
Khankirawatana Banthit - - 2004
Papillary muscle (PM) function is vital to mitral valve competence. However, quantitative assessment of the function is difficult due to the complexity of the mitral apparatus. We hypothesized that myocardial velocity gradient (MVG) could be applied to assess PM function. We studied MVG-PM in 123 patients with left ventricular dysfunction ...
Lesniak-Sobelga Agata - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Quantitative Doppler echocardiography and proximal flow convergence methods facilitate quantification of regurgitant volume (RV), regurgitant fraction (RF) and the measurement of effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) to define mitral regurgitation (MR) severity. Vena contracta width (VCW) has been proposed as a simple, accurate marker of ...
Elliott C G - - 2004
Pulmonary hypertension frequently complicates mitral stenosis. Increased pulmonary artery pressure results from raised left atrial pressure, pulmonary arteriolar constriction, and obliterative changes in the pulmonary vascular bed, and usually responds to surgical relief of mitral stenosis. However, severe pulmonary hypertension may persist after surgical treatment of mitral stenosis. We describe ...
Lev Eli I - - 2004
Patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease (n = 48) underwent treadmill stress echocardiography and were classified as those with mitral stenosis (n = 24) or those with mitral regurgitation with mild mitral stenosis (n = 24). Despite marked differences in mitral valve area (1.1 +/- 0.3 vs 2.1 +/- 0.6 ...
Chi N-H - - 2004
Submitral left ventricular aneurysm is a rare cardiac pathology, occurring almost exclusively in black African patients. Two cases treated in our institute are reported in the present report. One is a 10-year-old boy with submitral aneurysm and mitral regurgitation, who underwent mitral valve repair and exclusion of the aneurysm with ...
Tibayan Frederick A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Ring annuloplasty, the current treatment of choice for chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation, abolishes dynamic annular motion and immobilizes the posterior leaflet. In a model of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation, we tested septal-lateral annular cinching aimed at maintaining normal annular and leaflet dynamics. METHODS: Twenty-five sheep had radiopaque markers placed ...
Trehan Vijay - - 2004
Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy using Inoue balloon is an effective procedure for the management of patients with juvenile mitral stenosis. Inability to cross the mitral valve by the Inoue balloon catheter is one of the important reasons for failure of the procedure. We describe a new technique, facilitating left atrium ...
Phankingthongkum Rewat - - 2004
Mitral stenosis still remains a major problem in Southeast Asia including Thailand. It contributes to the morbidity and mortality related to thromboembolism which was associated with the left atrial thrombus. However, the pathogenesis of left atrial thrombus in these patients is not completely understood. Therefore, the objective of this study ...
Li Wei - - 2004
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare the noninvasive assessment of severity of pulmonary regurgitation with Doppler echocardiography versus cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in adult patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). METHODS: We studied 52 (22 females) consecutive patients (aged 32 +/- 2 years, 23 +/- ...
Ali Sulafa Khalid M - - 2004
Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is an embryonic cardiomyopathy that is increasingly being recognized. Mitral regurgitation, when present, is usually a result of the associated left ventricular systolic dysfunction. We report 4 patients with noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium in whom ventricular systolic function was preserved. Mitral regurgitation was associated ...
Ceviz Münacettin - - 2004
We describe a 57-year-old female patient with left atrial giant myxoma and peroperative defined mitral insufficiency who underwent surgery with a diagnosis of a left atrial myxoma without accompanying mitral insufficiency. Although no clinical findings of mitral insufficiency were noticed preoperatively, after myxoma resection moderate mitral insufficiency was observed during ...
Budhwani Navin - - 2004
We present a case of a 53-year-old woman with intractable shortness of breath that was originally ascribed to bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. Subsequently evaluation by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization revealed that she had Lutembacher's syndrome, an uncommon combination of congenital atrial septal defect (ASD) and acquired mitral stenosis that is ...
Baweja Gurpreet - - 2004
We describe two patients in whom mitral valve prosthetic inflow mimicked severe aortic regurgitation. Repeat transthoracic echocardiography using multiple transducer angulations and a narrow color Doppler sector angle in one patient and a color Doppler M-Mode study in the second patient proved useful in excluding the presence of severe aortic ...
Nitta Kosaku - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is the most frequent cardiac abnormality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Recent studies have shown that arterial stiffness is associated with mediacalcinosis in these patients. However, whether arterial stiffness and vascular calcification are associated with the LVH in patients with ESRD has not been ...
Timek Tomasz A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aortic and mitral valves are coupled through fibrous aorto-mitral continuity, but their synchronous dynamic physiology has not been completely characterized. METHODS: Seven sheep underwent implantation of five radiopaque markers on the left ventricle, 10 on the mitral annulus, and 3 on the aortic annulus. One of the mitral ...
Karaaslan Sevim - - 2003
Recent technical improvements in cross-sectional echocardiography have made it possible to detect even mild organic regurgitation of the mitral and aortic valves in patients with acute rheumatic fever. To determine the prevalence and prognosis of subclinical valvitis, we have analyzed 104 patients with acute rheumatic fever referred to our institution. ...
Liddicoat John R - - 2003
Annuloplasty is the cornerstone of surgical mitral valve repair. A percutaneous transvenous catheter-based approach for mitral valve repair was tested by placing a novel annuloplasty device in the coronary sinus of sheep with acute ischemic mitral regurgitation. Mitral regurgitation was reduced from 3-4+ to 0-1+ in all animals (P < ...
Tibayan Frederick A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: More precise understanding of annular remodeling in the evolution of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation is needed to provide a more rational basis for optimal annuloplasty ring sizing and selection as well as the design of new reparative techniques. Three-dimensional in vivo data describing these geometric perturbations however are lacking. ...
Takemura Naoyuki - - 2003
A seven-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was diagnosed with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and suspected mitral stenosis (MS) based on electrocardiography, thoracic radiographs and echocardiographic findings. Post-mortem examination of the heart revealed morphological features consistent with HCM. In addition, there was marked fibrous deposition on the surfaces of the chordae ...
Devarapalli Sai - - 2003
We report a rare case of mitral regurgitation as a result of perivalvular leak in a 49-year-old man with a history of blunt trauma. He presented with a 2-month history of progressive exertional dyspnea, angina, and heart failure. Preoperative transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated severe mitral regurgitation as a result of a ...
Shah Alan - - 2003
In patients with mitral regurgitation (MR), there is a high pressure gradient between the left ventricle (LV) and left atrium that Doppler echocardiography can easily detect. We present a case where transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) failed to provide an accurate evaluation of a patient who presented in cardiogenic shock. A transesophageal ...
Tibayan Frederick A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ring annuloplasty, the standard treatment for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), abolishes normal annular dynamics and freezes the posterior leaflet. We examined the impact of Paneth suture annuloplasty during acute IMR on motion of the mitral annulus and leaflets in an ovine model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight sheep had radiopaque ...
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