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Koga Shugo - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: During off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), mitral regurgitation (MR) has been experienced in relation to the procedures. The study aim was to evaluate the mitral valve configuration, with particular focus on annular behavior, during off-pump CABG, using cardiac endoscopy and digital 3-D ultrasound ...
Janvier Marie-Ange - - 2008
3D-ultrasound (US) imaging systems offer many advantages such as convenience, low operative costs and multiple scanning options. Most 3D-US freehand tracking systems are not optimally adapted for the quantification of lower limb arterial stenoses because their performance depends on the scanning length, on ferro-magnetic interferences or because they require a ...
Avierinos Jean-François - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transient functional mitral regurgitation (MR) has never been reported as a cause of heart failure (HF) with normal ejection fraction (EF) in the absence of epicardial coronary artery stenosis. RESULTS: Performance of echocardiography in patients with acute HF before initiation of HF medical treatment allowed identification of three patients ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2007
In a 94-year-old male with a history of atrial fibrillation, aortic stenosis, heart failure, apical thrombus, arterial hypertension, aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, and a urinary bladder carcinoma, cardiologic investigations revealed pulmonary rales, enlarged heart, absolute arrhythmia, and positive troponin-, myocardial thickening, enlarged cardiac cavities, hypocontractility, aortic stenosis, slight aortic ...
Fayad Georges - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe original surgical treatment in patients with ischemic mitral valve regurgitation due to tenting phenomenon. BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical treatment of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with coronary artery disease is controversial. The standard treatment is revascularization and reduction annuloplasty. We describe the first clinical application of ...
Emilsson K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the systolic, early and late diastolic velocities of the aortic, mitral and tricuspid annuli in healthy subjects and to study the intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility (IIOR) of measuring the velocities at the aortic annulus. METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects with mean age 28 years were investigated with quantitative ...
Ryan Liam P - - 2007
Finite-element analysis demonstrates that the nonplanar shape of the mitral annulus diminishes mitral leaflet stress. It has therefore been postulated that repair with annuloplasty rings that maintain the nonplanar shape of the annulus could increase repair durability. Although the global nonplanarity of the mitral annulus has been adequately characterized, design ...
Pazin-Filho Antônio - - 2007
The majority of patients with Chagas' disease remain for 10 to 30 years in the indeterminate form (IF) of this disease. They have no symptoms, serologic positivity, normal electrocardiogram results and heart size, and normal left ventricular global and segmental systolic function on 2-dimensional echocardiography. To investigate whether this group ...
Mangiafico S - - 2007
Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) in patients with positive valve morphology has been recognized as an effective alternative to surgical treatment of mitral stenosis. In selected cases, PBMV has been used also in the treatment of bioprosthetic (Bp) valve dysfunction. We report one case of PBMV of a Bp: in ...
Gouni Vassiliki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day and between-day variability of regurgitant fraction (RF) assessed by use of the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method in awake dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (MVD), measure RF in dogs with MVD, and assess the correlation between RF and several clinical and Doppler echocardiographic ...
Nordblom Petrus - - 2007
In patients with functional mitral regurgitation (MR), the principal mechanisms are insufficient coaptation due to dilatation of the mitral annulus (MA), global ventricular dysfunction with tethering of leaflets, or restricted leaflet motion with incorrect apposition due to regional ventricular dysfunction and displacement of the papillary muscles (PMs). These different entities ...
Pinheiro Aurélio Carvalho - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to analyze the diagnostic value of the echocardiographic methods used for quantification of mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) or rheumatic heart disease (RHD). METHODS: The study included 50 patients with MR (mean age of 46.1 years; 35 women), 27 (54%) with ...
Barber B J - - 2007
We noted a dicrotic pulse in several patients following a Ross operation. Although the etiology of this unique arterial waveform is not completely understood, it has been reported as a sign of low cardiac output and a poor prognosis. We reviewed preoperative echocardiograms and postoperative radial arterial pressure tracings in ...
Guo Hong-Wei - - 2007
Patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery often have mitral valve regurgitation. Although establishing dual coronary circulation is the procedure of choice, there remains controversy as to how the mitral valve is handled. Between April 1999 and August 2005, 8 patients underwent surgical correction ...
Ix Joachim H JH Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Box 0532, HSE 672, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0532, USA. - - 2007
Fetuin-A is a multifunctional hepatic secretory protein that inhibits dystrophic vascular and valvular calcification. Lower serum fetuin-A concentrations are associated with valvular calcification in persons with end-stage renal disease. Whether fetuin-A is associated with valvular calcification in other patient populations is unknown. We evaluated the associations among serum fetuin-A concentrations, ...
Sgorbini Luca - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mitral (MAC) and aortic (AVC) calcification are observed more frequently in the elderly and are associated with coronary artery disease, aortic atheroma and peripheral arterial atherosclerotic disease. Common carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and distensibility (cDIST) are also independent predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. We examined the relationship between the ...
de Agustin Jose A - - 2007
To date, mitral stenosis has been evaluated by both hemodynamic data derived from catheterization as well as 2D and Doppler echocardiography. However, the advent of real-time 3D echocardiography has allowed more precise measurement of the mitral valve orifice by planimetry. In addition, evaluation of the mitral commissures prior to and ...
Moneva-Jordan A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical findings associated with pulsus alternans in English cocker spaniels with dilated cardiomyopathy and to review the phenomenon of mechanical alternans, usually found in patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. METHODS: The case records of 10 English cocker spaniels with dilated cardiomyopathy and pulsus alternans ...
Daimon Masao - - 2007
We used a novel 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic technique to evaluate the impact of a coronary sinus-based percutaneous transvenous mitral annuloplasty (PTMA) on dynamic changes in mitral annular geometry and motion during the cardiac cycle in 8 sheep with ischemic mitral regurgitation. Using real-time 3D echocardiographic data before and after PTMA, ...
Jacob Ron - - 2007
This article reviews the methods of determining the severity of mitral and aortic regurgitation, primarily the quantitation using Doppler echocardiography. The Doppler methods, including spatial mapping, proximal flow convergence, vena contracta, continuous-wave Doppler density, and upstream or downstream effects are explained. Various practical pitfalls and performance issues that impact the ...
Barberato Silvio Henrique - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Discrimination of normal from pseudonormal mitral flow is challenging in clinical practice, especially in a milieu of acute plasma volume changes, such as in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Left atrium (LA) enlargement has been recognized as a marker of the duration of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. We hypothesize that ...
Sen Jyotsna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction is a common and potentially treatable problem. Other than psychological, anatomical and metabolic factors, vasculogenic causes also play an important role in erectile dysfunction. Among the various diagnostic tools available for the diagnosis of vasculogenic causes, colour Doppler sonography is noninvasive, simple and promising. METHODS: This preliminary ...
Karas Maria G - - 2007
Mitral annular calcium (MAC) has been shown to be an independent predictor of stroke, but the basis for this association remains incompletely defined. This study was conducted to investigate the extent to which aortogenic embolism may mediate the MAC-stroke relation. In a cross-sectional study of patients referred for transesophageal echocardiography ...
Vijayvergiya Rajesh - - 2008
Fifty year old man with a known case of chronic rheumatic heart disease with atrial fibrillation was presented with severe mitral stenosis. He was incidentally detected to have noncompaction of left ventricle on echocardiography and Doppler examination. He underwent successful percutaneous trans-luminal mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) for severe mitral stenosis. This ...
Siminiak Tomasz - - 2007
Mitral regurgitation may result from left ventricular dilatation and cause progression of heart failure. Percutaneous techniques for mitral valve repair are under development. Techniques utilizing a trans-coronary venous approach exploit the anatomical relationship between the mitral annulus and the venous system of the heart. The coronary sinus, great cardiac vein ...
Scolletta S - - 2007
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a sensitive functional marker in heart disease, including left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) secondary to valvular aortic stenosis (AS). We evaluated the association between NT-proBNP changes, oxidative stress, energy status and severity of LVH in patients with AS. Ten patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for ...
Ionescu Adrian - - 2008
We present a case of transient apical ballooning with haemodynamic instability in a female patient with normal coronaries and a history of poorly controlled systemic arterial hypertension. There was dynamic obstruction of the outflow tract and moderate secondary mitral regurgitation at presentation. These were due to systolic anterior motion of ...
Ubeyli Elif Derya - - 2007
This paper intends to an integrated view of the spectral analysis techniques in the detection of arterial disorders. The paper includes illustrative information about feature extraction from signals recorded from arteries. Short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and wavelet transform (WT) were used for spectral analysis of ophthalmic arterial (OA) Doppler signals. ...
Tibayan Frederick A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) often complicates dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and portends a poor prognosis. Debate over the optimal treatment continues, underscoring the present incomplete understanding of the patho-anatomic mechanisms of this disease. Studies of mitral tenting volume and tenting area, and echocardiographic measures of ...
Blake J W H - - 2007
This report describes the management of a patient with severe symptomatic mitral stenosis and a large mobile thrombus extending from the left atrial appendage that was resistant to warfarin therapy. Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty was performed with cerebral protection using bilateral internal carotid artery filters to minimize the risk of ...
Singh Siddharth - - 2007
The original description of M-mode echocardiography in 1953, by Inge Edler (1911-2001) and his physicist friend Hellmuth Hertz, marked the beginning of a new diagnostic noninvasive technique. Edler used this technique primarily for the preoperative study of mitral stenosis and diagnosis of mitral regurgitation. His work was carried forward by ...
Sai-Sudhakar Chittoor B - - 2007
Ischemic mitral regurgitation often complicates severe ischemic heart disease and adversely affects the prognosis in these patients. There is wide variation in the clinical spectrum of ischemic mitral regurgitation due to varying location and chronicity of ischemia and anomalies in annular and ventricular remodeling. As a result, there is lack ...
Serres François J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Doppler echocardiography-derived evidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (DEE-PAH) in dogs with mitral valve disease (MVD) classified according to the International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council (ISACHC) heart failure classification scheme and various echocardiographic and Doppler indices of MVD severity. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: ...
Himbert Dominique - - 2006
During the past few decades, percutaneous valvular procedures have been used in mitral and aortic stenosis. Percutaneous mitral commissurotomy, which has virtually replaced surgical commissurotomy in the treatment of mitral stenosis, has been performed since the mid-1980s and has provided good results in thousands of patients worldwide. Percutaneous balloon aortic ...
Krishnan Mangalath N - - 2007
We performed concurrent antegrade mitral and aortic valvotomy using Inoue dilatation catheter in 3 cases of combined rheumatic mitral and aortic stenosis. Following mitral valvotomy by standard procedure, aortic valve was crossed with the help of a floatation catheter. Stiff long length guide wire was fixed in descending aorta using ...
Ahlstrom Christer - - 2006
Heart murmurs are often the first signs of pathological changes of the heart valves, and they are usually found during auscultation in the primary health care. Distinguishing a pathological murmur from a physiological murmur is however difficult, why an "intelligent stethoscope" with decision support abilities would be of great value. ...
Das R N - - 2006
We describe here a very unusual case of a large free floating left atrial thrombus due to critical mitral stenosis detected by incidental echocardiography, in whom peculiar symptoms and complications of ball thrombus were absent. The patent's only symptom was mild dyspnoea attributed to smoking. She had no syncope or ...
Anis Ather - - 2006
Pericardial constriction secondary to metastatic adenocarcinoma is exceedingly rare. We present the first recorded case of pericardial constriction secondary to metastatic signet-ring mucinous adenocarcinoma diagnosed by echocardiography. The cornerstones of echocardiographic diagnosis of constriction are the following: interventricular septal bounce phasic with respiration, M-mode recordings of the inferior vena cava, ...
Park Tae-Ho - - 2006
This study was designed to test whether vena contracta width (VCW) measured by color Doppler flow could be used to assess the severity of mitral stenosis (MS). A secondary objective was to determine the cut-off value of VCW for the prediction of severe MS. We studied 47 consecutive patients with ...
Mohamed, Abdul Latiff
Rheumatic mitral stenosis is prevalent in this part of the world and it gives rise to wide array of manifestations. However, hoarseness of voice secondary to recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (Ortner's syndrome) is an uncommon manifestation. This case illustrates an uncommon presentation in a common disease. A 29-yearold lady presented ...
Yang Hua - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Some degree of pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) is common in patients with chronic mitral regurgitation. The aim of this study was to determine whether preoperative PHTN is associated with postoperative left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. METHODS: The study included 79 patients with chronic organic mitral regurgitation. Preoperative and postoperative LV function ...
Henneman Maureen M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Global and regional left ventricular (LV) function are important indicators of the cardiac status in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Therapy and prognosis are to a large extent dependent on LV function. Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) has already earned its place as an imaging modality for non-invasive assessment ...
Bari M A - - 2006
Mitral stenosis(MS) detected below the age of 20 years is called juvenile mitral stenosis (JMS). JMS constitute 25-40 % of all cases of isolated mitral stenosis, though overall incidence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) within mixed population is 7.5- 7.8 per thousand. The patient was 5 years ...
Bergman G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate one novel and two previously reported Doppler flow velocimetric techniques to estimate atrioventricular (AV) time intervals, suggested to be useful for early identification of fetuses at risk for congenital heart block. METHODS: In 22 newborn infants, Doppler tracings were obtained from the mitral valve/aortic outflow and the ...
Poh Kian-Keong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve repair (MVRr) has become the mainstay of surgical treatment for mitral valvular regurgitation. Evaluation of MVRr by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (IOE) has been routinely employed to guide the operation. While the main objective of IOE is to assess for residual mitral regurgitation, it is also important to ...
Kwan Jun - - 2006
We performed real-time 3D echocardiography in sixteen sheep to compare acute geometric changes in the mitral annulus after left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD, n=8) ligation and those after left circumflex coronary artery (LCX, n=8) ligation. The mitral regurgitation (MR) was quantified by regurgitant volume (RV) using the proximal isovelocity ...
Mäkikallio Kaarin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fetal aortic valvuloplasty may prevent progression of aortic stenosis (AS) to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Predicting which fetuses with AS will develop HLHS is essential to optimize patient selection for fetal intervention. The aim of this study was to define echocardiographic features associated with progression of midgestation fetal ...
Bertolotti Christine - - 2006
The objective of this paper was to evaluate the ability of the peak systolic velocity ratio (PSVR) and pressure drop (DeltaP) to detect and grade multiple stenoses in lower limb mimicking arteries. Numerical simulations and experiments in vascular phantoms allowing ultrasound duplex scanning and pressure measurements were used to investigate ...
Allison Matthew A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis has been implicated as a cause of valvular calcification. The aim of this study was to determine whether atherosclerotic calcification in multiple vascular areas is significantly associated with aortic or mitral annular calcification independent of traditional risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1242 consecutive asymptomatic patients ...
Modi Shalini - - 2006
Pulmonary venous flow patterns have been well described in the literature to assess severity of mitral regurgitation (MR) and the degree of diastolic dysfunction. We report a case of posterior mitral leaflet perforation due to bacterial endocarditis causing an alteration of pulmonary venous flow, not previously described in the literature. ...
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