Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 813
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Guzzetta Paul - - 2011
PURPOSE: Renal artery stent failure may result from excessive kidney mobility in some patients. We used CT to determine the prevalence and magnitude of renal displacement due to postural changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 100 consecutive CT colonography examinations was performed to measure renal artery location and ...
Didangelos Athanasios A King's British Heart Foundation Centre, King's College London, London, - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are characterized by pathological remodeling of the aortic extracellular matrix (ECM). However, besides the well-characterized elastolysis and collagenolysis little is known about changes in other ECM proteins. Previous proteomics studies on AAA focused on cellular changes without emphasis on the ECM. In the present study, ECM ...
de Godoy Armando Carlos Franco AC Physiotherapist responsible for the Emergência Clínica e Cirurgia do Trauma wards of Unicamp. - - 2011
Self-inflating manual resuscitators (SIMR) are devices used to ventilate patients with ventilatory needs. These devices consist of a set of valves that work sequentially, and changes in their function may be harmful to patients. During the use of SIMR, it was observed that the valve remained fixed due to the ...
Li Chi-Pei - - 2011
Design limitations of current mechanical heart valves cause blood flow to separate at the leaflet edges and annular valve base, forming downstream vortex mixing and high turbulent shear stresses. The closing behavior of a bileaflet valve is associated with reverse flow and may lead to cavitation phenomenon. The new trileaflet ...
McGah Patrick M - - 2011
We report a study of the role of hemodynamic shear stress in the remodeling and failure of a peripheral artery bypass graft. Three separate scans of a femoral to popliteal above-knee bypass graft were taken over the course of a 16 month period following a revision of the graft. The ...
Wang Zhijie Z Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2011
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with structural and mechanical changes in the pulmonary vascular bed that increase right ventricular (RV) afterload. These changes, characterized by narrowing and stiffening, occur in both proximal and distal pulmonary arteries (PAs). An important consequence of arterial narrowing is increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Arterial ...
Thijssen Dick H J - - 2011
Regional heterogeneity in wall architecture and thickness may be present between conduit arteries in the upper and lower limbs in humans. These differences in wall architecture may, in turn, influence vascular responsiveness. Folkow proposed in the 1950s that heterogeneity in wall-to-lumen ratio (W:L) could contribute to differences in vascular responsiveness, ...
Tanizaki Shinsuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Blunt injuries to the thyrocervical trunk or its branches are rare because these vessels are well protected and located deep in the neck. To the best of our knowledge, we describe the first case of a massive hemothorax after blunt injury to the transverse cervical artery. CASE REPORT: A ...
Jermihov Paul N - - 2011
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of geometric variations on the stresses developed in the leaflets of congenital bicuspid aortic valves (CBAV). We developed a model for the human tri-leaflet aortic valve based on the geometry and dimensions published in the literature. We also developed simulated ...
Kulcsár Z - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral aneurysms are preferentially located at arterial curvatures and bifurcations that are exposed to major hemodynamic forces, increasingly implicated in the life cycle of aneurysms. By observing the natural history of aneurysm formation from its preaneurysm state, we aimed to examine the hemodynamic microenvironment related to aneurysm ...
Jou Liang-Der - - 2011
Stents play an important role in management of cerebral aneurysms. A stent reconstructs the parent artery, assists coil embolization, and decreases flow activity within an aneurysm. However, an in-stent stenosis often occurs within the stented artery and compromises the circulation at the parent artery. Hemodynamic basis of re-stenoses from aneurysm ...
London G M - - 2011
Arterial calcification (AC) is a common complication of CKD and ESRD, and the extents of AC are predictive of subsequent cardiovascular mortality beyond established conventional risk factors. AC develop in two distinct sites: the intima and media layers of the large and medium-sized arterial wall. These two forms are frequently ...
Yun Kyeong Ho - - 2011
Even patients without vasospastic angina show vasoconstriction after intracoronary ergonovine administration. We evaluated the determinants of coronary artery responsiveness to ergonovine in such patients.In 165 patients with no provoked electrocardiographic changes or ischemic chest pain during an intracoronary ergonovine test, total cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and ...
Fujimoto Motoaki - - 2011
A 27-year-old woman presented with rebleeding from an intracranial arteriovenous malformation (AVM) 6 years after radiosurgery. Cerebral angiography demonstrated venous drainage change into a single drainer and cortical reflux due to drainage occlusion into the superior sagittal sinus. During surgery, multiple small feeders thought to be occluded on preoperative angiography ...
Král A - - 2011
The genetic basis for atherosclerosis development and progression is poorly characterized. We aimed to assess the relationship between endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ENOS) 894 G/T, haem oxygenase-1 (HO1) dinucleotide-length promoter polymorphisms and coronary artery atherosclerotic invol vement and its changes during statin therapy. Coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), IVUS-derived virtual ...
Farnoush A A Australia School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University. - - 2011
Morphological characteristics associated with cerebral aneurysm formation can be used to assess aneurysm rupture. This study investigated hemodynamic effects resulting from change in the parent artery diameter of bifurcation type aneurysm. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis was performed on middle cerebral artery (MCA) models with various parent artery diameters. Calculations ...
Joviliano Edwaldo E - - 2010
Nowadays, the great saphenous vein is the vascular conduit that is most frequently employed in coronary and peripheral revascularization surgery. It is known that saphenous vein bypass grafts have shorter patency than arterial ones, partly because the wall of the normal saphenous vein has different structural and functional characteristics. The ...
Sucker Christoph - - 2010
An association of aortic-valve stenosis and abnormal bleeding, particularly from gastrointestinal angiodysplasia, has been reported. In this setting, high-shear stress generated by the transvalvular gradient leads to a conformational change of plasmic von Willebrand factor, making this adhesive protein more susceptible for proteolytic cleavage. Consequently, highest-molecular weight multimers of the ...
Rabkin David G - - 2011
Abstract  We report a case of spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (VAD) in a patient who developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema following the removal of a chest tube after a cardiac transplant. The pathophysiology and management of this uncommon complication are reviewed. Although vertebral and carotid artery dissections are unusual events occurring ...
Aristokleous Nicolas - - 2011
Segmented cross-sectional MRI images were used to construct 3-D virtual models of the carotid bifurcation in ten healthy volunteers. Geometric features, such as bifurcation angle, internal carotid artery (ICA) angle, planarity angle, asymmetry angle, tortuosity, curvature, bifurcation area ratio, ICA/common carotid artery (CCA), external carotid artery (ECA)/CCA, and ECA/ICA diameter ...
Parker Matthew W - - 2010
Outcomes data in patients with aortic regurgitation or mitral regurgitation have been limited to small series with generally <10 years of follow-up. The quantitative impact of pulmonary artery hypertension has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to describe the 15-year mortality of aortic regurgitation and mitral ...
Sathanandam Shyam K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mitral stenosis with aortic atresia (MS-AA) has been implicated as a risk factor for decreased survival after stage 1 palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Conflicting results were reported in the literature evaluating the association of anatomic subtypes and mortality. Our objective was to determine whether MS-AA is associated ...
Chiam Paul T L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A 49-year-old female presented with worsening exertional dyspnea (NYHA class III) and orthopnea for several months. Previous medical history was significant for rheumatic mitral regurgitation and three previous mitral valve replacements (MVRs). INVESTIGATION: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed severe mitral paravalvular leak (PVL with two jets visualised. Cardiac computed tomography ...
Zegdi Rachid - - 2011
This report describes a technique for anterior leaflet extension using an autologous pericardial patch in patients suffering from rheumatic mitral regurgitation. The technique has recently evolved and now enables us to correct both vertical and transversal fibrotic leaflet retraction.
Bertrand Olivier F - - 2010
There is a need to develop less invasive techniques to manage moderate or severe functional mitral regurgitation in patients at high surgical risk. We report the acute results of the first patient treated with the permanent Viacor percutaneous transvenous mitral annuloplasty (PTMA) device in North America, introduce the PTOLEMY-2 protocol, ...
Rahman Sam - - 2010
Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common valvular pathology with significant morbidity and mortality implications. Mechanical treatment of this condition is more effective than medical treatment and surgical correction has traditionally been the mechanical method of choice. Following major advances and wide acceptance of percutaneous interventions for coronary artery diseases, the ...
Kirbas Ahmet - - 2010
Rheumatoid heart disease and the mitral stenosis secondary to it in the long term are still important cardiovascular problems in developing countries. Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty is a valid treatment option with low complication rates for relieving the signs and symptoms of selected patients with mitral valve stenosis. In this ...
McGee Steven - - 2010
It is unknown whether echocardiography can provide insights into the origin of systolic murmurs and the modern value of bedside cardiovascular diagnosis. The author examined 376 inpatients and compared their physical findings to transthoracic echocardiography, exploring the associations between echocardiography and systolic murmurs and investigating the diagnostic accuracy of physical ...
Unger P - - 2010
Mitral regurgitation is frequently observed in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis and often improves postoperatively, mainly due to left ventricular remodelling and changes in loading conditions. Aortic prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is associated with poor outcome and lesser left ventricular remodelling. This study tested the hypothesis that ...
Losada Elizabeth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography has documented acquired pulmonary stenosis and cardiomyopathy in recipient fetuses in twin-twin transfusion syndrome. At autopsy, we also have identified anomalous mitral arcade, a rare valve deformity associated with mitral regurgitation. METHODS AND RESULTS: To identify a profile for anomalous mitral arcade, we compared clinicopathological data from 11 ...
Goldberg Steven L - - 2010
The percutaneous management of valvular heart disease has recently been receiving a great deal of interest as an area of great potential. Innovative technologies are now being developed to treat mitral regurgitation. Although there are established surgical techniques for treating organic mitral regurgitation, the surgical management of functional mitral regurgitation ...
Cavallaro F - - 2010
Systolic anterior motion (SAM) of mitral valve is the prolapse of a mitral leaflet into the left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT) during systole, causing LVOT obstruction and mitral valve regurgitation. We report the case of a patient who developed SAM-induced hemodynamic instability during bleeding with a clinical picture resembling pulmonary ...
Cavallaro F - - 2010
Systolic anterior motion (SAM) of mitral valve is the prolapse of a mitral leaflet into the left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT) during systole, causing LVOT obstruction and mitral valve regurgitation. We report the case of a patient who developed SAM-induced hemodynamic instability during bleeding with a clinical picture resembling pulmonary ...
Troubil Martin - - 2010
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a consequence of coronary artery disease and the main underlying mechanism is augmented leaflet tethering due to outward displacement of the papillary muscles. Although mitral annuloplasty combined with coronary revascularization is usually effective in the treatment of IMR, occasionally the regurgitation can persist or recur ...
Yuce Murat - - 2010
Reliable non-invasive new indices reflecting severity of rheumatic valve disease would be highly beneficial. Recently, presence of fragmented QRS (fQRS) in ECG was accepted as a marker of myocardial fibrosis. fQRS is defined as the presence of RSR' patterns such as additional R wave (R'), notching in the R wave ...
Rahman F - - 2010
This prospective study was carried out in the Department of Cardiology, University Cardiac Center, Banghabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, to evaluate the short term clinical and haemodynamic outcome of Balloon mitral valvuloplasty in mitral stenosis. Total 100 patients underwent percutaneous mitral commissurotomy out of which 60 cases had pure ...
Oda Takeshi - - 2010
Although mitral stenosis (MS) due to pannus overgrowth after mitral valve repair for rheumatic mitral regurgitation (MR) is not uncommon, it is extremely rare in relation to non-rheumatic mitral regurgitation. Whilst it has been suggested that the rigid annuloplasty ring induces pannus overgrowth in the same manner as the flexible ...
Gopal Ambarish - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The coronary sinus (CS) travels in close proximity to the left circumflex (LCX) artery. Percutaneously placed CS devices used to treat mitral regurgitation (MR) therefore have the potential to impinge upon the LCX arterial distribution and compromise coronary flow. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to analyze the anatomic ...
Bakhshandeh Ali Reza - - 2010
Ring annuloplasty is the most common strategy for correction of ischemic mitral regurgitation. When a commercial prosthesis is unavailable or too expensive, an autogenous annuloplasty ring can be handmade by the surgeon. The aim of this study was to compare short-term results of mitral valve repair with autologous annuloplasty rings ...
Cho Min Jung - - 2010
A newborn infant was evaluated because of a large cystic mass adjacent to the left atrium on prenatal ultrasound. The diagnosis was an aneurysm of the left atrial appendage. Most cases of this rare lesion are recognized between the 2nd and 4th decades of life. The present case, however, was ...
Federici Duccio - - 2010
We present the case of a 33-year-old man referred to our institution with a diagnosis of severe mitral valvular stenosis and insufficiency. We realized the valvular disease was due to an "anomalous mitral arcade," a rare congenital malformation of the mitral tensor apparatus characterized by enlarged papillary muscles connected to ...
Cubeddu Roberto J - - 2010
Over the past 25 years we have witnessed the development of transcatheter techniques for treatment of valvular heart disease. For several years, percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty has been used to treat stenotic valvular disease, including pulmonary stenosis, rheumatic mitral stenosis, tricuspid stenosis, and, sometimes, congenital aortic stenosis. However, major advancements in ...
Jagadeesh Am - - 2010
A 42-year-old male patient with rheumatic mitral stenosis was posted for percutaneous transluminal mitral commissurotomy. He had associated traumatic kyphoscoliosis and osteoarthritis of hip and knee joints, causing severe permanent flexion of these joints. This position caused technical difficulty in approach to the femoral vessels. So he was rescheduled for ...
van Buuren Frank - - 2010
Hemangiomas of the heart are extremely rare. The prognosis is quite variable, because this benign tumor may grow, involute, or stop growing; therefore, resection is usually the treatment of choice. In patients with tumors of the left atrium, percutaneous balloon mitral valvulotomy is generally contraindicated. Yet for patients with moderate-to-severe ...
Kum Francesca - - 2010
Increased central arterial stiffness, involving accelerated vascular ageing of the aorta, is a powerful and independent risk factor for early mortality and provides prognostic information above and beyond traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Central arterial stiffness is an important determinant of pulse pressure; therefore, any pathological increase may ...
Saito Kozue - - 2010
Bow hunter's stroke (BHS) is a cerebrovascular disease caused by occlusion of the vertebral artery (VA) on head rotation. BHS is generally associated with hemodynamic changes, often leading to vertebrobasilar insufficiency symptoms, such as vertigo and faintness. Although artery-to-artery embolism has also been proposed as an underlying mechanism, it remains ...
Pressman Gregg S - - 2010
Mitral annular calcium (MAC) is a common finding at echocardiography, although it is an unusual cause of severe mitral stenosis. Although MAC is known to be associated with atherosclerosis and chronic kidney disease, little is known about its natural history as affects mitral valve function. This report describes a cohort ...
Chang Wei-Chun - - 2009
We report on a patient who was referred for percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy for symptomatic mitral stenosis. However, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography both revealed a large mobile left atrial thrombus, occupying almost half of the left atrial body. Because the patient strongly declined surgical mitral treatment, he was administered warfarin ...
Joseph George - - 2009
Transcatheter closure of mitral paraprosthetic leak (PPL) using femoral antegrade transseptal or retrograde approach is often unsuccessful when the involved part of the mitral annulus is difficult to access or when the left atrium is large. We report the successful use of jugular venous approach to perform transseptal antegrade PPL ...
Labbe Vincent - - 2010
Mrs B, a 49-year-old female, was referred to our institution for severe mitral regurgitation. Transthoracic echocardiography showed only a moderate organic mitral regurgitation, but a transient severe reversible functional mitral regurgitation was observed during transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Three-dimensional TEE clearly demonstrated the functional nature of the regurgitation with a transient ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >