Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1258
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Hugl Beate - - 2007
Although the causes of digital ischemia and necrosis are diverse in women, the most common etiology is connective tissue disease. We describe a patient with scleroderma who presented with arm ischemia secondary to arterial embolization from thoracic outlet syndrome. Her sublavian artery was compressed by the anterior scalene muscle and ...
Rosa Rafael Fabiano Machado - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Poland syndrome has been attributed to a process of vascular disruption, and exposure to misoprostol at 6-8 weeks of gestation has been shown to produce defects attributed to vascular disruption. Herein we report the first case of a patient with Poland syndrome associated with an aberrant subclavian artery and ...
Lee Thomas S - - 2007
A rare presentation of arterial thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is described in a young woman. Arterial TOS caused by a cervical rib produced acute upper extremity ischemia due to subclavian artery aneurysm formation. Clinical presentation also included left hemiparesis caused by right subclavian artery thrombosis and retrograde embolization of thrombus ...
Shetty Sharad V - - 2007
Accidental insertion of an arterial sheath is an uncommon but potentially serious complication of jugular venous catheterization. When the subclavian artery is inadvertently cannulated, sheath removal can be complicated by significant hemorrhage due to its incompressible location. We report a case of inadvertent insertion of an 8 French sheath into ...
Halldorsson A - - 2007
Aneurysms of the proximal subclavian artery are extremely rare. A 39-year-old female with an incidental finding of a small proximal left subclavian artery aneurysm at its origin from the aortic arch is described. This was an incidental finding during workup for chest pain. No other vascular abnormalities were found and ...
Fergus Todd - - 2007
Subclavian stenosis is a highly prevalent and underrecognized clinical entity. In patients with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting utilizing a left internal mammary artery, subclavian artery stenosis can cause coronary-subclavian steal, leading to myocardial ischemia. Traditionally, this has been treated surgically with a vascular bypass operation. Two cases ...
Biria Mazda - - 2007
Endovascular treatment of vertebral artery stenosis and subclavian artery stenosis are low-risk procedures, but there are few reports of the best approach for subclavian-vertebral artery stenoses where there is an ostial stenosis of a vertebral artery that arises from a stenosed segment of the subclavian artery. This is a report ...
Wheeler Shane C - - 2007
An iatrogenic fistula and consequent pseudoaneurysm developed between the right subclavian artery and right pulmonary artery as a result of misplacement of a hemodialysis access catheter. The patient, who was considered to be at high risk for surgical repair, successfully underwent endovascular treatment that involved insertion of two nitinol stents ...
Sodian R - - 2007
Left abnormal subclavian artery and right aortic arch is described as a rare cause of dyspnoea and dysphagia in paediatric patients. The optimal surgical management of such cases is not clearly established. We propose a single-stage repair by transection of the patent ductus arteriosus or ligamentum arteriosum and an additional ...
McCready Robert A - - 2007
A case of a symptomatic 5.1-cm left subclavian venous aneurysm, which was treated with surgical excision, is presented. Most venous aneurysms in the head and neck region involve the internal or external jugular veins and are asymptomatic. Aneurysms involving the subclavian or axillary veins are rare. The natural history of ...
Seow Vei-Ken - - 2007
Aneurysms arising from the subclavian artery are very rare vascular abnormalities in von Recklinghausen's disease, which often have a silent clinical presentation and are difficult to diagnose before rupture. We report a case of von Recklinghausen's disease with life-threatening upper airway obstruction caused by spontaneous rupture of the left subclavian ...
Chaudhuri Arindam - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe the use of the Amplatzer vascular plug to treat a partially uncovered left subclavian artery (LSA) causing digital embolism following thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old man presented with digital ischemia of the left index and middle fingers due to embolism from a partially covered ...
Tabata Shigeki - - 2007
Subclavian artery aneurysms are uncommon. The most common causes of these aneurysms are atherosclerosis and traumatic pseudoaneurysm. We report on a case of an atherosclerotic aneurysm of the right subclavian artery. The aneurysm was resected with a combined supra-infraclavicular approach, and a primary end-to-end anastomosis was performed. The postoperative course ...
Barkhordarian Siamak - - 2007
Most patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) present with exercise-induced upper extremity paresthesia. Neurogenic TOS is the most common type where the brachial nerve plexus is compressed against a tight thoracic outlet. Vascular compromise although rare can result from thoracic outlet pressure against the subclavian artery or more commonly the ...
Kouchoukos Nicholas T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with a standard surgical technique for treatment of aneurysms associated with Kommerell diverticulum and aberrant subclavian artery. METHODS: During a 10-year interval, 10 patients with aneurysms of Kommerell diverticulum and aberrant subclavian artery (8 right, 2 left) underwent surgical repair. All 10 patients had aneurysmal ...
Costa Steven M - - 2007
Due to the increased use of internal mammary artery grafts for coronary revascularization, proximal subclavian stenosis resulting in coronary-subclavian steal has become an important clinical entity. Patients present with varying signs and symptoms of recurrent myocardial ischemia that not only can limit lifestyle but also be life-threatening. A careful history ...
Nouraei Seyed M - - 2007
Acute type A aortic dissection is a major emergency that continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality. Given the anatomy of the lesion, different circulatory configurations achieved during cardiopulmonary bypass using different arterial inflow sites can influence outcome. Patients who had subclavian artery cannulation were compared with those who had ...
Van Leemput Ann - - 2007
A 52-year-old man, without a medical history, presented with an incidentally detected large, intrathoracic aneurysm of the right subclavian artery. The aneurysm was characterized by the absence of a proximal neck and extended distally close to the origin of the right vertebral artery. We successfully excluded this aneurysm with a ...
Kobayashi Masayoshi - - 2007
Non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN) is a rare embryologic anomaly that can increase the risk of injury during thyroid surgery. Although the association between the NRILN and an aberrant right subclavian artery has been reported, to date there have been no reports describing cases of NRILN with multiple vascular abnormalities. ...
Kopp Reinhard - - 2007
Right aberrant subclavian artery, also called arteria lusoria, is one of the most common intrathoracic arterial anomalies. Although mostly asymptomatic, the retroesophageal and retrotracheal course of the lusorian artery might result in unspecific thoracic pain, dysphagia, dyspnea, arterioesophageal or arteriotracheal fistulae with hematemesis or hemoptysis, and aneurysmal formation with relevant ...
Johnson Stephen P - - 2007
We report two cases of superior gluteal artery aneurysms successfully treated with coil embolization and review treatment options for these lesions. Our experience in the treatment of three total aneurysms, two likely post-traumatic in etiology and one mycotic, suggests that endovascular therapy is an effective alternative to open surgery when ...
Wilmot Andrew - - 2007
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become an accepted alternative to open aortic aneurysm repair. Endoleaks are one of the most common complications of EVAR and can result in aneurysm enlargement and rupture. When embolization of type 2 endoleaks is needed, a transarterial or translumbar approach may be used. Metal coils ...
Ferreira M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report a series of cases in which deliberate occlusion of the left Subclavian Artery (SA) caused the Subclavian Steal Syndrome (SSS). METHODS: Between January 2001 and August 2006, we performed 81 endovascular repairs of the Thoracic Aorta. 21 patients required left SA occlusion for an adequate proximal landing ...
Hudorović Narcis - - 2008
We present a case of left proximal vertebral artery (PVA), internal jugular and subclavian vein rupture after descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) initially treated in another surgical institution with antibiotic therapy and left-sided cervicotomy, collar incision and drainage of the left thorax. On day 23 followed by surgical intervention due to ...
Psillas G - - 2007
The subclavian steal syndrome is characterized by a subclavian artery stenosis located proximal to the origin of the vertebral artery. In this case, the subclavian artery steals reverse-flow blood from the vertebrobasilar artery circulation to supply the arm during exertion, resulting in vertebrobasilar insufficiency. As the vertebrobasilar arterial system feeds ...
Weigang Ernst - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aortic endovascular stent-graft implantation is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. Overstenting of the left subclavian artery may be necessary to create a satisfactory proximal 'landing zone' for the stent-graft. Few cases have been published reporting adverse neurological events after overstenting of the left subclavian artery. We thus ...
Ito Hisato - - 2007
An 86-year-old man with a history of asthma and hypertension suddenly developed hemoptysis. A computed tomographic (CT) scan demonstrated a right-sided paratracheal mass adjacent to the aortic arch that had not been recognized on a CT scan 5 months before. Angiography revealed extravasation of the contrast agent from the innominate ...
Tubbs R S - - 2007
Anatomical variations of the transverse cervical and suprascapular arteries are common. We report an adult male cadaver found to harbour an unusual variation of the right course of these two arteries. The transverse cervical artery arose independently from the first segment of the subclavian artery and passed deep to the ...
Czekajska-Chehab E - - 2007
A retro-oesophageal course of the right subclavian artery is referred to as "arteria lusoria". It may be related to severe compression of the trachea and oesophagus, typically resulting in impaired swallowing. The paper presents two patients with arteria lusoria, which in one patient was an aberrant right subclavian artery and ...
Petrovic-Rackov Ljiljana - - 2007
We describe a case of a patient with rapidly progressive Takayasu's arteritis (TA) refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy in whom bypass surgery was successfully performed. A 38-year-old woman had 2 years history of symptoms of compromised cerebral circulation, severe claudication of upper and lower limbs and stenocardial symptoms. Serial arteriography ...
Jahanshahi Mehrdad
The axillary artery, a continuation of the subclavian artery, begins at the first rib`s outer border and ending normally at the inferior border of the Teres major muscle and continuing further distally as Brachial artery. The axillary artery has several branches that supplies axillary region. Several variations about the Axillary ...
Tanju Sumru - - 2007
A 55-year-old woman presented with right cervical aortic arch with pseudocoarctation of the aorta further complicated by the presence of multiple aneurysms and a high-grade stenosis at the origin of the left subclavian trunk from the aorta causing a discrepancy in blood pressure between the right and left arms. The ...
Riesenman Paul J - - 2007
Thoracic aortic stent grafts require proximal and distal landing zones of adequate length to effectively exclude thoracic aortic lesions. The origins of the left subclavian artery and other aortic arch branch vessels often impose limitations on the proximal landing zone, thereby disallowing endovascular repair of more proximal thoracic lesions. Between ...
Abboud Bassam - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The nonrecurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN) is a nerve anomaly that is associated with the developmentally aberrant subclavian artery. Thus, it is possible to predict NRILN by preoperative diagnosis of an aberrant subclavian artery. The purpose of this study was to report a new case of this anomaly and ...
Protopapas Aristotle D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We describe a modified access technique for the proximal (open) part of single stage hybrid exclusion of aneurysm of the aortic arch. CASE PRESENTATION: 3 patients had a bifurcated Dacron graft for the innominate and left subclavian arteries and an additional end-to-side anastomosis of the left common carotid artery ...
Uda Takehiro - - 2007
A 48-year-old woman presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage originating from a dissecting aneurysm of the left vertebral artery (VA). Internal trapping with proximal flow arrest was planned. The origin of the left VA was too tortuous to allow positioning of an occlusion balloon catheter and a microcatheter in the left VA ...
Tan J W C - - 2007
The coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) leading to an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) post-coronary bypass is a rare occurrence. We describe an 83-year-old Indian man who presented with AMI and was subsequently found to have CSSS. The patient had severe stenosis of his left subclavian artery ostium with retrograde flow ...
Rogers Jason H - - 2007
There are several approaches to managing subclavian artery stenosis (SAS) prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with an intended internal thoracic artery (ITA) graft to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. We herein review the incidence of and various diagnostic modalities for detecting SAS. Published relevant clinical studies from ...
Innasimuthu A L - - 2007
A left sided superior vena cava (LSVC) occurs in 0.3% of the population. LSVC normally drains into the right atrium through a dilated coronary sinus. We illustrate two cases of dual chamber permanent pacemaker implantation by using (1) left subclavian vein in a 35-year-old woman with symptomatic Mobitz type II ...
Di Cesare Fabio - - 2007
The authors present a case of a brachial artery aneurysm in a patient with HIV infection. Aneurysms of unusual arteries, such as the common carotid, brachiocephalic, subclavian, superior mesenteric arteries and arteries of the upper extremity distal to the axillary artery, may be related to HIV infection. Chronic inflammatory infiltrate ...
Guler Niyazi - - 2007
A 41-year-old woman presented with complaints of increasing angina pectoris and coldness of her left arm for 1 month. Six months ago, she had undergone triple coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) including left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) and two saphenous vein grafts to the ...
Tabata Mimiko - - 2007
We report a rare case of the ascending aortic aneurysm with an anomalous origin of the right subclavian artery. The right subclavian artery branched from the aorta as the fourth major vessel and ran behind the esophagus. Moreover, the left and right coronary arteries arose ectopically from the posterior and ...
González José Manuel Domínguez - - 2007
Large bilateral aneurysm of the subclavian artery is an infrequent entity that can progress to thrombosis, embolization, or rupture if left untreated. Treatment consists of exclusion of the aneurysm by an endovascular procedure or open surgery. We present a case of large bilateral subclavian artery aneurysm in a patient with ...
Van Noord Brandon A - - 2007
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stenting is commonly used to treat subclavian artery stenosis (SAS). In this study, the outcomes of 43 consecutive cases, performed at one institution from October 1997 to October 2005, were analyzed. Mean stenosis was 84.41% pre-intervention and 6.83% post-intervention. Five of the procedures were angioplasty ...
Micha John P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent placement of a port-a-catheter in an artery during central venous cannulation is rare and can result in devastating complications. Although traditional closure devices have been employed as prompt and adequate treatment, more innovative devices such as collagen plugs are being studied for their efficacy. CASE: We report a ...
de Souza Jorge Marcondes - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of subclavian artery occlusion is still a matter of controversy due to the short- and long-term complications and patency issues. We report an unusual case of combined occlusion of the proximal segment of the left subclavian artery and subclavian steal phenomenon associated with bilateral occlusion of the internal ...
Meyhoefer Juergen - - 2006
We describe the closure of a subclavian artery puncture site with a percutaneous suture device after removal of a pacemaker lead 1 week after its inadvertent positioning in the left ventricle via the subclavian artery. The lead was retracted from the left ventricle into the aorta and linked to a ...
Alemanno Fernando - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A variety of brachial plexus block techniques via the interscalene approach have been proposed. We describe here a new middle interscalene perivascular approach to the brachial plexus. To verify its effectiveness, we studied 719 patients scheduled for shoulder arthroscopy. Furthermore, to verify the accuracy of the proposed ...
Woo Edward Y - - 2006
Thoracic endografting offers many advantages over open repair. However, delivery of the device can be difficult and may necessitate adjunctive procedures. We describe our techniques for preserving perfusion to the left subclavian artery despite endograft coverage to obtain a proximal seal zone. We reviewed our experience with the Talent thoracic ...
de Graaff J C - - 2006
We report transection and embolization to the heart of a subclavian venous catheter in an immobilized and mechanical ventilated patient. The catheter tip was retrieved using a percutaneous method via the left femoral vein. Mechanical compression of the subclavian venous catheter at the costoclavicular area is termed pinch-off syndrome. It ...
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