Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1378
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Sze Daniel Y - - 2005
Caput medusa is a frequent incidental finding in patients with portal hypertension that usually represents paraumbilical vein portosystemic collateral vessels draining into body wall systemic veins. A symptomatic caput medusa was seen in a morbidly obese patient after an umbilical hernia repair, which was fed not by the left portal ...
McAlister Vivian C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage from duodenal varices is a rare but frequently fatal cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Portal vein thrombosis may worsen the bleeding and prevent access for reduction of variceal pressure. METHODS: A technique to control bleeding and reduce inflow pressure to the varices is described. It includes ligation of the ...
Sugimori Kazuya - - 2005
Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration of gastric varices by a microcatheter insertion method was performed in eight patients with large collateral veins or a large gastrorenal shunt. A 3-F microcatheter was selectively inserted into the gastric varices through a 6-F balloon catheter wedged in the left adrenal vein. Selective venography of ...
Kutlu Ramazan - - 2005
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles are used for the embolization of various vascular tumors. They are also used before hepatic resection to embolize the ipsilateral portal vein, causing hypertrophy of the remaining liver. We report our first experience with portal vein embolization (PVE) with PVA particles to treat gastric cancer metastasis ...
Kaido T - - 2005
Portal vein aneurysm is an unusual vascular abnormality. We report a rare case of a huge intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm at the umbilical portion with hepatic encephalopathy. Abdominal contrast-enhanced dynamic computed tomography and angiography clearly showed a well-circumscribed, 50 x 40-mm portal vein aneurysm at the umbilical portion with portohepatic ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2005
Serial changes in fatty acid metabolism or use associated with acute ischemia and reperfusion were examined in rat hearts. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to occlusion of the left coronary artery for 20 min followed by reperfusion. After release of the occlusion, groups of animals were allowed to recover ...
Kornprat Peter - - 2005
Congenital absence of the portal vein is a rare malformation. Mesenteric and splenic venous blood bypasses the liver and drains into the renal veins or directly into the inferior vena cava. The malformation occurs predominantly in females and children and is often associated with other anomalies such as hepatic tumors, ...
Miyata Ryohei - - 2005
A 54-year-old woman with giant liver cystadenocarcinoma underwent left trisegmentectomy with combined resection of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the right hepatic vein. As a result, only the right inferior hepatic vein was preserved as a drainage vein. Because the perivertebral plexus and the azygos vein were both well ...
Sarely Israelashvili Meirav - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Operative blood loss is among the most important factors determining the prognosis of patients undergoing hepatic resection. The best method for preventing bleeding is preliminary selective vascular occlusion of lobar, sectoral, or segmental portal triads, although not always technically feasible. METHOD: Transportal occlusion of the portal triad with a ...
Hanigan M D - - 2004
A more complete understanding of amino acid (AA) metabolism by the various tissues of the body is required to improve upon current systems for predicting the use of absorbed AA. The objective of this work was to construct and parameterize a model of net removal of AA by the portal-drained ...
Hatsuno T - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Determining changes in liver volume after preoperative percutaneous transhepatic portal embolization (PTPE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is essential in managing the operation safely. We evaluated the alterations in liver volume by means of ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT). METHODOLOGY: We studied 12 patients scheduled for hepatectomy with HCC. ...
Holland-Fischer P - - 2004
The case is presented of a 25-year-old Caucasian patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome due to membranous obstruction of the liver veins and inferior caval vein syndrome as a result of secondary hyperplasia of the caudate lobe of the liver, obstructing the caval vein. Diagnosis was established by intravascular pressure measurements, ultrasound ...
Fenchel S - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of two different iodine concentrations of the non-ionic contrast agent, Iomeprol, on contrast enhancement in multislice CT (MSCT) of the pancreas. To achieve this MSCT of the pancreas was performed in 50 patients (mean age 57+/-14 years) with suspected or ...
Urashima Y - - 2004
Portopulmonary hypertension is a complication of end-stage liver disease that adversely affects the outcome of liver transplantation (LT). We report a case of living related LT who developed severe pulmonary hypertension during and after LT. This 16-year-old girl suffered from biliary atresia, having undergone a portoenterostomy at 60 days of ...
Covey Anne M - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of variant intrahepatic portal vein anatomy detected on CT portography and to discuss surgical implications. Variant portal vein anatomy is nearly as common as variant hepatic artery anatomy. The complexity of hepatic interventions now performed by interventional radiologists and surgeons, ...
Minagawa Masami - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To understand the three-dimensional relationship between the liver vasculature and tumor by intraoperative sonography, some training is inevitable. Three-dimensional ultrasound has been evaluated in various fields, but not yet in intraoperative sonography. METHODOLOGY: Extracorporeal 3-D ultrasonography was performed in 32 patients. Of these, 20 underwent intraoperative 3-D ultrasonography. Using ...
Norwood M G A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. This inflammatory response probably arises as a result of an ischaemia-reperfusion injury to the legs and gastrointestinal tract. In this study the relative contributions of these areas to the inflammatory response were assessed during elective AAA repair. ...
Ubara Yoshifumi - - 2004
The authors encountered a case of portal-systemic venous shunt newly diagnosed after initiation of hemodialysis. A 68-year-old Japanese woman began hemodialysis because of symptoms of uremia including loss of appetite and pulmonary edema. Loss of consciousness occurred suddenly after her ninth session of hemodialysis. No hepatic functional abnormality was found ...
Ahn Jin Hwan - - 2004
Arthroscopic resection of irreparable bucket-handle tears of the medial meniscus is a commonly performed procedure. Adequate visualization of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus can be a challenging task with the conventional use of the anterior portal. An attempt to resect the posterior horn in a blind fashion may ...
Chikamori Fumio - - 2004
The treatment of complicated gastroesophageal varices with a gastrorenal shunt and portal hypertensive gastropathy has not yet been established. We were able to control a case of complicated large gastroesophageal varices with gastrorenal shunt and portal hypertensive gastropathy using a combination treatment of partial splenic embolization, endoscopic embolization and transjugular ...
Pacifico Lucia - - 2004
We report two premature neonates with Candida albicans septic thrombosis of the portal vein who developed, in very early childhood, the sonographic appearance of cavernous transformation of the vessel and/or clinical signs of extrahepatic portal hypertension.
Suzuki Hiromasa - - 2004
This work investigates differences in contrast enhancement of the aorta, portal vein and liver by two different concentrations of contrast materials using an automatic bolus tracking technique. Seventy patients were assigned randomly into one of two groups. Contrast materials with iodine concentrations of 300 and 370 mg/ml were administered to ...
Ruszinkó V - - 2004
The following is a case review of portal vein cavernous malformation presenting with intermittent cholestasis and jaundice in a 4 year old child. Correct assessment was supported by radiology, later laparoscopy, yet hindered by histopathology representative Wilson's disease and elevated urinary copper excretion. During surgical procedure the stenosis of the ...
Cheng Yu Fan - - 2004
Pathologic changes of the recipient native portal venous system may cause thrombosis of the portal vein, especially in pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). This study assessed the utility of Doppler ultrasound (US) for the detection of intraoperative portal vein occlusion and identification of predisposing risk factors in the recipients. ...
Choi Seung Hong - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the prevalence of portal vein thrombosis in patients with acute cholecystitis and the relationship between portal vein thrombosis and the various patterns of transient increased hepatic attenuation on CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 72 of 107 patients with acute cholecystitis who, during a 3-year ...
Wong Hock-Khiam - - 2004
Left-sided portal hypertension due to splenic vein stenosis is a very rare disease. We report a case of this condition in a 21-year-old woman who suffered from a first episode of tarry stool passage with fresh blood vomiting. Panendoscopy showed isolated gastric varices while sonography showed a normal liver but ...
Uflacker Renan - - 2004
We present the angiographic findings of 46 patients with biliary atresia (BA). There were 25 males and 21 females, with a mean age of 22.5 months (range - 1.5 to 141 months). Hepatic and mesenteric angiography were obtained as part of a liver transplantation work-up or as part of the ...
Manning Nicky - - 2004
Congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) is a rare anomaly in the form of a portocaval shunt, whereby the intestinal and splenic venous drainage bypasses the liver and drains directly into the systemic circulation. We report a case of CAPV diagnosed prenatally after the recognition of a dilated umbilical ...
Kamel Ihab R - - 2004
Pancreatic neoplasm can compromise the portal vein or its tributaries, resulting in extrahepatic portal hypertension. Collateral channels may develop, usually in a hepatopetal direction. These include gastroepiploic veins, short gastric veins, left gastric vein, left colic veins, and spontaneous splenorenal shunts. We present the spectrum of these collaterals as delineated ...
Poggi Guido - - 2004
In the last ten years new techniques, such as percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA), have been developed for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Portal vein involvement is a complication of HCC and the role of surgical resection for HCC with tumor thrombi in the portal veins ...
Kimura Wataru - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In pancreatic surgery, the pancreas is usually divided over the portal vein. Knowledge of transversely oriented arterial systems within the pancreas that would need to be ligated in most forms of pancreatic surgery is clinically important. We studied the anatomy of arteries running transversely in the pancreas. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-eight ...
Kristensen N B - - 2004
Six steers fitted with a ruminal cannula and chronic indwelling catheters in the mesenteric artery, mesenteric vein, hepatic portal vein, hepatic vein, as well as in the right ruminal vein were used to study metabolism of VFA absorbed from buffers in the emptied and washed reticulorumen. [2-(13)C]Acetate was infused into ...
Maeda K - - 2004
An accessory hepatic vein (AHV) after a Fontan-type operation will result in progressive desaturation if left intact. We report a case in which intraoperative color Doppler ultrasonography revealed the absence of AHV flow and reversed portal vein flow when the AHV was clamped, suggesting that simple ligation of the AHV ...
Brountzos Elias N - - 2004
A 72-year-old patient with liver cirrhosis and cavernomatous portal vein occlusion presented with refractory ascites. We treated the patient with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: transjugular transhepatic puncture of an intrahepatic hilar collateral vein was performed; transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was created between the right hepatic vein and the patent superior ...
Chu Qian - - 2004
AIM: To assess the value of computed tomography during arterial portography (CTAP) in portal vein-vena cava shunt, and analysis of the episode risk in encephalopathy. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with portal-systemic encephalopathy due to portal hypertension were classified by West Haven method into grade I(29 cases), grade II(16 cases), grade III(10 ...
Ford Jason M - - 2004
A 40-year-old male with alcoholic cirrhosis and portal hypertension presented with acute variceal hemorrhage. Abdominal CT scan and endoscopy revealed large gastric varices. The patient underwent a TIPS procedure. Portal venography demonstrated persistent filling of the large gastric varices with associated high-flow spontaneous splenorenal shunt. Because of the large size ...
Breen David J - - 2004
The increased use of high-contrast volume, arterial-phase studies of the liver has demonstrated the frequent occurrence of arterioportal shunts within both the cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic liver. This article sets out to explain the underlying microcirculatory mechanisms behind these commonly encountered altered perfusion states. Similarly, well-recognised portal perfusion defects occur around ...
Selçuk Haldun - - 2004
Duodenal varices that develop in patients with portal hypertension rarely cause hemorrhage, but varix rupture is a serious and often fatal event. We report the case of a 38-year-old man with hepatic vein occlusion who was referred to our hospital for gastrointestinal hemorrhage of unknown origin. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed ...
Chapuis G - - 2004
The modern inhibitors of gastric acid secretion reduce very efficiently the aggressiveness of gastroesophageal reflux but they appear to modify the pathophysiological situation in a way that favours the development of Barrett's esophagus (BE). During the last two decades, the prevalence of BE in the population submitted to endoscopy has ...
Ishigami Kousei - - 2004
A rare case of an aberrant left gastric vein functioning as a hepatopetal collateral as a result of portal vein occlusion is presented herein. The portal venous phase of multislice computed tomography clearly demonstrated this anatomic variation and provided a reliable vascular "road map" for percutaneous transhepatic portal venous stent ...
Balaji Malapally Chowda Reddy - - 2004
Computed tomography (CT) angiography is fast replacing the diagnostic conventional angiography and digital subtraction angiography. A case of a type V portal vein anomaly, which was diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound and confirmed on CT angiography, is presented. Demonstration of the portal vein branching pattern and its anomalies assumed importance and ...
Ferraz-Neto B H - - 2004
A case of intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm in the late postoperative period after liver transplantation, as well its complications, is reported. A 59-year-old man underwent orthotopic liver transplantation in 1996 for treatment of hepatitis C virus cirrhosis. The patient received a graft from a 10-year-old child. During the follow-up from ...
Xu Rui-Yun - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of a new strategy of endoscopic variceal ligation combined with partial splenic embolization (EVL-PSE) for patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. METHODS: From May 1999 to May 2002, 41 cases with cirrhosis and portal hypertension underwent EVL-PSE. Hemodynamics of the main portal vein (MPV), the ...
Evans Helen M - - 2004
Aneurysms of the splenic artery (SAAs) are a rare complication of portal hypertension in adults. Although the risk of rupture is small, associated mortality is high. Furthermore, circulatory changes that occur following liver transplantation (OLT) may increase the risk of SAA rupture. The incidence in children with portal hypertension is ...
Murakami Takamichi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to separately measure the arterial and portal venous tissue blood flow (TBF) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a noninvasive method using xenon inhalation CT (xenon-CT) and to differentiate between well-differentiated HCCs and moderately and poorly differentiated HCCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total, arterial and ...
Bartsch S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The synthetic beta(2)-adrenergic and dopaminergic agonist dopexamine is supposed to prevent splanchnic hypoperfusion in critically ill patients, thus potentially interacting with haemodynamic effects of early enteral nutrition. However, precise mechanism of action and interaction with postprandial splanchnic hyperaemia of the drug are largely unknown, even in healthy subjects. MATERIALS ...
Sakamoto Yoshihiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Segmental resection of major hepatic veins or the portal vein is sometimes required if one is to secure adequate surgical margins from hepatic or pancreatic malignancies. An external iliac vein is widely sacrificed as a vein graft to replace the defect, but this is associated with postoperative ...
Zwingenberger Allison L - - 2004
A dual-phase computed tomography (CT) angiographic technique was developed to image the hepatic and portal vascular systems using a nonselective peripheral injection of contrast medium. The arterial phase of the dual-phase scan imaged the hepatic arteries and veins, and the portal phase imaged the portal vein as well as its ...
Szatmári Viktor - - 2004
A scanning protocol for the systematic ultrasonographic examination of the portal system in dogs was developed. Seven planes were used to image the portal system. With the dogs in left lateral recumbency, 3 transverse planes obtained via the right intercostal spaces were used to visualize the portal vein and right ...
Sorrentino D - - 2004
Initial diagnosis of cavernous transformation of the portal vein (portal cavernoma) is rarely made in adults. Its main clinical manifestation is upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to variceal bleeding. More rarely, diagnosis is made from obstructive jaundice. In children, this condition is frequently associated to prehepatic portal hypertension and congenital anomalies, ...
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