Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1378
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Frich Lars - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine possible explanatory variables associated with acute and delayed portal vein thrombosis after hepatic radiofrequency (RF) ablation using wet electrodes. Coagulations were created within 1.5 cm of the right portal vein (RPV) branch in 12 pigs with (n = 6) or without (n ...
Alfidja A - - 2006
We report two cases of percutaneous transhepatic stenting of the portal vein to treat stenosis and occlusion disclosed 5 and 18 months, respectively, after orthotopic liver transplantation in two adult patients. If long-term patency is satisfactory, this technique should allow long-term management of portal vein stenosis and occlusion without the ...
Sze Daniel Y - - 2006
Although the large majority of cases are anatomically favorable and therefore technically feasible, congenital or acquired conditions may complicate or even preclude successful creation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). The present report describes the use of the inferior right hepatic vein from a femoral vein access to obtain ...
Chikamori F - - 2006
Management of isolated gastric varices with a gastropericardiac shunt (GPS) has not yet been established. We were able to control a case of isolated gastric varices with a GPS by percutaneous transhepatic obliteration (PTO) using a microcatheter. In this case, the main blood drainage route was not a gastrorenal shunt, ...
Turkbey Baris - - 2006
We describe a 10-year-old girl with congenital absence of the portal vein (CAPV) and multiple hyperplastic nodules in the liver. MRI appearances of the liver lesions and the portocaval anastomosis between the inferior mesenteric vein and internal iliac veins are presented. In addition, the relevance of CAPV and nodular lesions ...
Negro U - - 2006
Hepatic portal venous gas is an uncommon clinical condition that is often characterized by acute onset of abdominal pain and is associated with a high rate of mortality despite clinical and/or surgical treatment. Radiologic diagnosis is important and usually includes abdominal radiography, ultrasound, and computed tomography. We describe the clinical, ...
Tercier Stéphane - - 2006
A 4-year-old boy underwent pulmonary testing for diagnosis of exercise-induced dyspnea and subsequent cyanosis. Findings demonstrated the presence of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas resulting in oxygen desaturation owing to shunting (PaO2, 44 mm Hg). Abdominal ultrasound, abdominal computer tomography, and mesenteric angiography revealed an extrahepatic portocaval fistula (PCF), absence of ...
Huang Jing-Yao JY Department of Interventional Radiology, The Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350001, Fujian Province, - - 2006
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different portal vein branch embolization agents in inducing compensatory hypertrophy of the remnant liver and to offer a theoretic basis for clinical portal vein branch embolization. Forty-one adult dogs were included in the experiment and divided into four groups. Five dogs served as ...
Hemming Alan W - - 2006
Liver resections that require ex vivo techniques occur rarely, but when done are generally performed on veno-veno bypass to maintain venous return and decompress the portal circulation during the anhepatic phase of the procedure. We describe an ex vivo extended left hepatectomy that was performed with preservation of the inferior ...
Wolff Martin - - 2006
An otherwise healthy 32-year-old woman had unspecific upper abdominal complaints. Diagnostic work-up, including a helical computed tomography (CT) scan and indirect splenoportography, revealed a giant extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm (PVA) extending to the central part of the splenic vein. On laparotomy, a thrombectomy and creation of a portocaval side-to-side shunt ...
Hosogi Hisahiro - - 2006
A 45-year-old man with recurrent episodes of hematemesis caused by extensive varices in the esophagus and stomach was admitted. He had a history of liver cirrhosis with hepatitis C virus infection. Computed tomography revealed a conglomeration of small strong nodular stains in the pancreatic head. Angiography revealed a racemose vascular ...
Kitami Masahiro - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively determine whether major portal venous variation was more frequently associated with biliary variants, with consideration of the types and frequencies of biliary tract variations in the right and left liver lobes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Before undergoing computed tomographic (CT) cholangiography, patients gave informed consent. The retrospective research ...
Ariizumi S - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A surgical shunt closure via the lumen of an intrahepatic portal aneurysm was successfully performed in a 70-year-old Japanese woman with hepatic encephalopathy due to hyperammonemia. She had a 4-month history of repeated hepatic encephalopathy which persisted after treatment with oral medicine. Color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed ...
Martinez-Palli Graciela - - 2005
AIM: To assess the impact of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on pulmonary gas exchange and to evaluate the use of TIPS for the treatment of hepatopulmonary syndrome ( HPS ). METHODS: Seven patients, three of them with advanced HPS, in whom detailed pulmonary function tests were performed before and ...
Winter Matthew D - - 2005
The objective of this study was to develop a simple, safe, minimally invasive protocol to evaluate the hepatic vasculature. Five purpose-bred Beagle dogs underwent noncontrast-enhanced computed tomographic scan of the entire abdomen. A dynamic, nonincremental computed tomography scan at the level of T11 was then performed using a test bolus ...
Lang E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with atypical neuralgia or atypical facial pain have been surgically treated with microvascular decompression (MVD) of the trigeminal root entry zone (TREZ). There are no data regarding the sensitivity and specificity of a vessel-TREZ relationship as a cause of pain in patients with persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) ...
Li Tao - - 2005
Portal hypertension, one of the vascular diseases, not only has lesions in liver, but also changes in vascular structures and functions of extrahepatic portal system, systemic system and pulmonary circulation. The pathological changes of vasculopathy in portal hypertension include remodeling of arterialized visceral veins, intimal injury of visceral veins and ...
Kakutani Hiroshi - - 2005
The fate of esophageal varices (EV) depends largely on variables of hemodynamics in portal venous system, which has long been studied using various diagnostic modalities. Recent studies have mainly focused on relationship of portal hemodynamics and recurrence of esophageal varices after endoscopic treatment. In particular, there is increasing number of ...
Nounla J - - 2005
Postsplenectomy portal vein thrombosis for hematological diseases is uncommon in the pediatric population. The case summarized is, to our knowledge, the first manifestation of portal vein thrombosis in a child after preoperative splenic artery embolization and subsequent splenectomy for severe hypersplenism. We suggest that early routine diagnosis by Doppler ultrasonography ...
Matthes K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Portal vein embolization (PVE) has been used as a preoperative strategy to induce hepatic lobar atrophy and contralateral lobe hypertrophy. We determined the feasibility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided Enteryx (EVAL/ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer) embolization of the portal vein (EUS-PVE) in an animal model as a potential, minimally invasive, endoscopic technique. ...
Tatekawa Y - - 2005
This paper is a case report describing a boy with Down syndrome and a novel combination of multiple vascular anomalies: extrahepatic portal hypertension, an arterio-venous malformation (AVM) at the ileo-caecal junction, and caval/iliac vein anomalies and developing anal bleeding. We considered that the ileo-caecal AVM would be one of the ...
Kim Soo Ryang - - 2005
A rare case of well-differentiated minute hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis, with unusual radiologic features, is presented. A 10-mm hypoechoic nodule disclosed by ultrasound in segment six showed hypoattenuation on computed tomography hepatic arteriography and hyperattenuation on computed tomography during arterial portography, indicating that the portal vein ...
Ishii Hiroshi - - 2005
A 34-year-old man was admitted to hospital because of persistent shortness of breath and diffuse vascular dilation at both lower fields of his CXR. Bronchiectasis had been suspected during childhood because of abnormal chest shadows. However, a chest CT scan obtained on admission failed to show bronchiectasis, but rather there ...
Schulte-Baukloh Heinrich - - 2005
The pathophysiology of idiopathic varicoceles as a dilatation of the pampiniform venous plexus has been traced to anatomical and embryological development, but is still unclear. Right or non-decompressible lesions are worrisome for retroperitoneal pathology, such as renal cell carcinoma, hydronephrosis, abdominal neoplasm or fibrosis. As a very rare finding we ...
Simforoosh N - - 2005
PURPOSE: We report our experience with laparoscopic management of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction by division of the anterior crossing vein and cephalad relocation of the anterior crossing artery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used this laparoscopic approach in four male and six female patients with UPJ obstruction associated with anterior crossing ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2005
The lower extremity venous system includes the superficial, deep, and perforating veins. The antegrade flow of blood within these veins is ensured by a system of muscular venous pumps and bicuspid valves. Dysfunction of the system may result from degeneration of the vein wall, post-thrombotic valvular damage, chronic venous obstruction, ...
Hama Y Y Radiation Biology Branch, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. - - 2005
Portal vein gas is a rare but potentially lethal condition commonly caused by mucosal damage, bowel distention and sepsis. However, the association between portal vein gas and concurrent chemoradiotherapy has not been documented. We present the case of a 56-year old woman with portal vein gas revealed on computed tomography ...
Kristensen N B - - 2005
Four steers fitted with a ruminal cannula and chronic indwelling catheters in the mesenteric artery, mesenteric vein, hepatic portal vein, hepatic vein, and the right ruminal vein were used to study VFA absorption from bicarbonate buffers incubated in the washed reticulorumen, and metabolism by splanchnic tissues. Portal and hepatic vein ...
Venkatesh S K - - 2005
Tuberculosis (TB) of the liver is usually associated with miliary spread. Macronodular TB of the liver is rare. A case of macronodular TB of the liver in a 31-year-old woman causing portal vein thrombosis and portal hypertension is presented. Ultrasound and CT appearances are described. There was coexistent ileo-caecal TB ...
Dietrich C F - - 2005
Non-invasive differentiation of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is difficult. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of contrast-enhanced phase inversion ultrasound to differentiate between histologically proven FNH and HCA, analysing the arterial and (early) portal venous phase. 32 patients with histological proven FNH ...
Rob Lukas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the identification of sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) by blue dye and (99m) Tc; to evaluate detection rate per patient and specific side detection rate (SSDR) of SLN, distribution of SLN and distribution of positive SLN and false negative rate of the ...
Ikeda H - - 2005
We report a unique case of portosystemic shunt with polysplenia and hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The abnormal vessel connected the right renal vein and the splenic vein. The shunt flow was from the systemic vein to the portal vein before the Fontan-type operation, but it reversed and ran from portal ...
Yang Dal Mo - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe CT findings of portal vein anomaly with total ramification of the intrahepatic portal branches from the right umbilical vein. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed in 6 patients with portal vein anomaly with total ramification of the intrahepatic portal branches from the right umbilican vein. We analyzed the ...
Shan Hong - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the value of endovascular stent in the treatment of portal hypertension caused by benign main portal vein stenosis. METHODS: Portal vein stents were implanted in six patients with benign main portal vein stenosis (inflammatory stenosis in three cases, postprocedure of liver transplantation in another three cases). Changes ...
Matela Joze - - 2005
In the period between the December 2000 and September 2004, altogether 13 patients underwent preoperative portal vein embolization (PPVE); 9 patients with colorectal metastases and 4 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The indirect splenic portography was performed after catheter was introduced into superior mesenteric artery via femoral artery approach. The portal ...
Sakai Mitsuru - - 2005
A 54-year-old woman, who had undergone pancreatoduodenectomy with resection of the portal vein and intraoperative radiation therapy for cancer of the lower bile duct 16 months before, visited our institution complaining of melena. To identify the cause of bleeding and severe anemia, we performed gastrointestinal endoscopy but could detect no ...
Stella Mattia - - 2005
Portal vein thrombosis may complicate splenectomy in patients with hemolytic anemia and myeloproliferative disease, whereas the frequency of portal vein thrombosis in case of trauma is not defined. A case of right portal vein thrombosis after splenectomy for trauma is reported in this paper. Hematologic workup did not reveal an ...
Kanno Hiroyuki - - 2005
A 34-year-old Japanese woman developed subcutaneous induration in the left thigh, then showed extreme eosinophilia, and died of hemorrhagic infarction of the brain. Autopsy revealed endocarditis with eosinophil infiltration and systemic thrombophlebitis, including pulmonary veins and intrahepatic branches of the portal vein. Arterial structure was relatively preserved. She had no ...
Kaido T - - 2005
A 58-year-old female with a history of portal vein thrombosis was referred to our hospital with abdominal pain and distention. Colon fiber and enema of the colon showed stenosis at the transverse colon and the ascending colon, with edematous mucosa. Laparotomy revealed no abnormal findings other than chronic ischemia of ...
Jin Bi - - 2005
We report two cases of extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm, and both of them underwent surgical intervention. The first case had a mild pain in right upper quadrant of the abdomen; the second had no obvious symptoms. Physical examination revealed nothing abnormal. Both of them were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging ...
Lebrec Didier - - 2005
Portal hypertension is responsible for different severe complications such as variceal bleeding, ascites and pulmonary disorders. Different pharmacological and endoscopic treatments have been proposed but some recommendations may differ. The conclusions of a French consensus conference on the prevention and treatments of the main complications of portal hypertension in adults ...
Norwood M G A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: AAA repair is associated with a systemic inflammatory response, mediated in part by neutrophils. The aim of this study was to determine where neutrophil activation occurs. METHODS: Blood was sampled from the femoral vein, portal vein and radial artery of 10 patients undergoing elective AAA repair at four time-points ...
Marubashi Shigeru - - 2005
Hepatic arterial and portal venous anomalies in living liver donors are not uncommon. Modified surgical techniques may be required in such circumstances, although the safety of the living donor must always be given top priority. We describe here a successful portal venous reconstruction in a living donor with an anomalous ...
Khauli R B - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: We have performed laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (lap Nx) since 2000. In June 2002, we modified the technique to minimize the known disadvantages of ATN and delayed graft function. We review our series of lap Nx before and after introduction of these modifications, respectively. METHODS: Four technical modifications of lap ...
Niyyati Mahtab - - 2005
The suitability of the flexible sandwich Zilver stent-graft (SZSG) with a biologically active tissue layer (small intestinal submucosa) for creation of the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided direct intrahepatic portocaval shunt (DIPS) was explored in six young swine in a search for a flexible system to replace the rigid polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) stent ...
Cakmak O - - 2005
Sinistral portal hypertension, a rare and localized form of portal hypertension, is the result of splenic vein thrombosis or obstruction and may cause gastrointestinal hemorrhages from the esophageal and gastric varices. This report presents two cases (69- and 10-year-old females) of bleeding gastric varices. The patients were diagnosed as having ...
Moon I S - - 2005
Right anterior-medial lobe congestion due to temporary clamping of segment V and/or VIII is common in the operative theater during adult donor right lobe liver transplantation, the most common procedure in our institute. We have used an autogenous saphenous vein conduit to recipient portal vein tributaries in 15 cases, as ...
Hashimoto M - - 2005
The aim of this study was to establish the role played by jejunal veins in hepatopetal flow after biliary-enteric anastomosis and to evaluate the helical CT features of hepatopetal flow through the anastomosis. We retrospectively analyzed helical CT images of the liver in 31 patients with biliary-enteric anastomosis who underwent ...
Weidekamm Claudia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to measure the arterial, portal venous, and total perfusion of the liver parenchyma with dynamic, single-section CT in patients with liver cirrhosis before and after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement and to compare the results with normal values. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Perfusion of the liver ...
Alexopoulou Alexandra - - 2005
Aneurysmal dilatation of the portal vein (ADPV) is a rare cause of portal hypertension. We described a case of ADPV in a female patient who presented with ascites. Imaging studies revealed tortuosity and dilatation of the main portal vein with turbulent flow. Endoscopy revealed oesophageal varices. A liver biopsy showed ...
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